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Full text of "The Fruits of Discipleship: Sixteenth Annual Report of the Woman's Division of Christian Service of the Board of Missions and Church Extension of The Methodist Church, Reports June 1, 1954-May 31, 1955, Roster of Officers June 1, 1955-May 31, 1956"

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, Sixteenth Annual Keport 
' 1954-1955 

WOMAN'S DIVISION OF CHRISTIA>J SERVICE 
of the Board of Missions of The Methodist Church 



^he bruits 



oP e^J^idcipiednip 



COVER DESIGN 

The cover design depicts the threefold mem- 
bership obligation — "prayer, service, and an 
annual contribution of money," and interprets 
the sixth goal — "We will accept the price of 
Christian discipleship ." 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

Woman's Division of Christian Service 

OF TH E 

Board of Missions of The Methodist Church 

Reports June I, 1954— May 31, 1955 
Roster of Officers June 1, 1955— May 31, 1956 

HEADQUARTERS: 150 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK 11, NEW YORK 



Digitized by tlie Internet Arcliive 

in 2011 with funding from 

Drew University witli a grant from tine American Tlieological Library Association 



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TOtevi/otcl 



I I yilEN the symbol for the 1952-1956 quadrennium in the Woman's Society 
\A/ of Christian Service and the Wesleyan Service Guild was emblazoned across 
the pages of The Methodist Woman, it was impossible to conceive how 
deeply the goals would become engraved upon the minds and hearts of women 
throughout The Methodist Church. A compass points to all parts of the world — 
indicative of a world-wide concern; around the compass is a series of concentric 
circles, each summarizing one of the emphases — spiritual growth, widening fellow- 
ship, a world church, peace, missions; and, at the center, a cross is supported by 
discipleship. All this began as a sjaiibol, but it became the heart and the soul of 
the Woman's Society of Christian Service and the Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Most of these goals have no measuring rods; their attainment cannot, there- 
fore, be tabulated. Their effect, however, when fully carried out, can mean the 
difference between Christ or chaos, peace or war, education or iUiteracy, health 
or disease, security or hunger, human worth or valueless individuals. 

Patterns for Peace have been lifted up through emphases on spiritual growth, 
brotherhood, daily witness to Christian faith, human rights, widening fellowship, 
and dedicated service. The World Witness of Methodist Women, as exhibited in 
schools, hospitals, homes, social centers, and other mission projects around the 
world, interpreted Jesus Christ — the Way: in Jerusalem and Judea, in Samaria 
and unto the uttermost parts of the earth. Investments of hfe and money have 
taken the hearts of Methodist women into twenty-nine nations, for Where Your 
Treasure Is, there is your heart, also. 

We come, in our fourth annual report, this quadrennium, to Fruits of Disciple- 
ship by which the cross is supported and through which the crucifixion becomes the 
resurrection. Before there were fruits, there had to be faith; there had to be work; 
and, most of all, there had to be understanding love, for "we will not understand 
what we have not loved." The pages of this Sixteenth Annual Report portray 
the fruits of discipleship of almost two million Methodist women. 

The Woman's Society of Christian Service and the Wesleyan Service Guild 
are organizations which seek to give expression to the faith, work, and love of 
Methodist women. Thej' are instruments which serve the spiritual and social inter- 
ests of women of Methodism. As every great human interest requires an organi- 
zation to serve it, Methodist women need the Woman's Society of Christian Service 
and the Wesleyan Service Guild through which their interests and concerns may 
be expressed. Through them, also, they are making visible gains toward a world 
order based upon righteousness and justice; toward a peace that is worth having. 

Fruits of discipleship are not reaped quickly. We must have long-range goals 
if we are not to be conquered and discouraged by short-range failures. Methodist 
women look to a future, with new goals, as we close, in the summer of 1956, the 
fourth quadrennium of the Woman's Division of Christian Service of the Board 
of Missions of The Methodist Church. 

President, Woman's Division of Christian Service 
3 



QUADRENNIAL GOALS, 1952-56 

BASED ON THE EMPHASES 
^nat ^ke ^\inadovn of Ljod IllHau JSe r\ealized 



1. 



WE WILL SEEK TO GROW AS CHRISTIANS 

Through individual and family worship, reading the Bible and other de- 
votional literature. 

Through enrollment in the Fellowship of Intercession. 

Through active participation in the total life and work of the church. 

Through a sensitive concern for the needs of the world expressed in gifts 
and service. 

Through daily witness by our Christian attitudes and convictions. 



WE WILL SEEK TO BRING OTHERS INTO THE CHRISTIAN FELLOW- 
SHIP OF THE CHURCH AND OF THE WOMAN'S SOCIETY OF CHRIS- 
TIAN SERVICE AND THE WESLEYAN SERVICE GUILD 

Through a continuing program of visitation and cultivation with special 
attention to newcomers, unchurched families, and changing communities. 

Through systematic plans to enlist new members in the study and service 
program of the Woman's Society of Christian Service and the Wesleyan 
Service Guild. 

Through increased use of The Methodist Woman and World Outlook 
with emphasis on subscriptions. 

Through a wider and more effective use of publicity channels — news- 
papers and radio — to interpret the program of the Woman's Society of 
Christian Service and the Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Through a program of leadership training, including an Officers' Training 
Day. 



WE WILL SEEK WITH CHRISTIANS EVERYWHERE THE SUSTAIN- 
ING FELLOWSHIP AND POWER OF A WORLD CHRISTIAN CHURCH 

Through concerted efforts to interpret the vows of the church and to 
create a greater loyalty to them. 

Through an earnest effort to live out the spirit of the world Christian 
Church in terms of concern for and fellowship with all individuals and 
groups. 

Through wider reading to become familiar with the outreach and program 
of the world Church, 

Through growing cooperation in interdenominational activities. 

4 



Through an e£Fort to carry out the plasB of the World Federation of 
Methodist Women. 



WE WILL USE ALL AVAILABLE RESOURCES TO WORK FOR "THE 
THINGS THAT BELONG UNTO PEACE" 

Through a program of study to educate adults, youth, and children con- 
cerning the world missionary enterprise as the Church's best channel for 
building a just peace and understanding among nations. 

Through a wider knowledge and use of the United Nations and its agen- 
cies, as government's best organized channel for building a just peace 
and understanding among nations. 

Through increased emphasis on human rights for all people and a resolve 
to accept and follow the "Charter of Racial Policies of the Woman's 
Division." 

Through study of the world's economic and social needs and a recognition 
of our responsibility for meeting those needs through government and 
church channels. 

Through daily prayer for missionaries, for leaders in church, in na- 
tional governments and in the United Nations who are working on the 
issues of peace. 



WE WILL PROCLAIM THE WORLD MISSION OF THE CHURCH TO 
BE GOD'S PLAN FOR THE REDEMPTION OF THE WORLD. TO TIHS 
END, WE WILL WORK TO MAKE THE LORD JESUS CHRIST KNOWN 
TO ALL PEOPLES EVERYWHERE, TO PERSUADE THEM TO BECOME 
HIS DISCIPLES, AND TO FOSTER THE KNOWLEDGE AND EXPAN- 
SION OF THE MISSIONARY ENTERPRISE THROUGHOUT THE WORLD 

Through a continuous program of study and interpretation of world 
missions for adults, youth, and children to develop attitudes of under- 
standing and appreciation resulting in a fellowship of spirit. 

Through well-planned monthly programs based on the Worship and Pro- 
gram Books, and the shared experiences of representatives who have 
attended a school of missions, a Guild Weekend, an educational seminar, 
a conference, district, or subdistrict meeting, plus any other method that 
will develop a realization of the opportunities; and responsibilities of 
Methodist women. 

Through cooperation with leaders of youth and students in developing 
an awareness that candidates for missionary and deaconess service are 
to be found in the local church. 

Through personal gifts to the total budget set in the light of the world's 
needs and dedicated at a pledge service. 

Through sincere prayer that Christ may be made known and that the 
Kingdom may be realized. 



WE WILL ACCEPT THE PRICE OF CHRISTIAN DISCIPLESHIP 

The cost of discipleship is made clear by Jesus Christ. We will try to 
apply to ourselves what this means in terms of all of life including: 
time, service, money, study, prayer, thought, and conviction which may 
result in suffering and sacrifice. 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 

of the 

Board of Missions 
The Methodist Church 

150 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, N. Y. 
(Cable Address: MISSIONS, NEW YORK) 

OFFICERS 

President 

Mrs. Frank G. Brooks Mount Vernon, Iowa 

Vice-President 

Mrs. Paul Arrinqton 1735 Piedmont Street, Jackson 41, Miss. 

Vice-President 

(Chairman of Department of Work in Foreign Fields) 
Mrs. Charles E. Wegner 1765 Arona Avenue, St. Paul 13, Minn. 

Vice-President 

(Chairman of Department of Work in Home Fields) 
Mrs. J. N. Rodehe.-^ver Winona Lake, Ind. 

Vice-President 

(Chairman of Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities) 
Mrs. J. Fount Tillman R. F. D. 1, Lewisburg, Tenn. 

Recording Secretary 

Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 4708 Blagden Terrace N. W., Washington 11, D. C. 

Treasurer 

Miss Marguerite Harris 150 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, N. Y. 

Assistant Treasurers for Departments 

Miss Hazel M. Best (Foreign) 150 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, N. Y. 

Miss Marguerite Hawkins (Home) 150 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, N. Y. 

Disbursing Officer 

Mrs. Alice C. Williams 150 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, N. Y. 

6 



Administration 7 

(Addresses are 150 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, N. Y., unless otherwise stated) 

Executive Secretaries 
Department of Work in Foreign Fields 

Africa and Europe : Miss Ruth Lawrence 

India and Pakistan: Miss Lucile Colont 

Japan and Korea: Miss Margaret Billingslet 

Latin America: Miss Marian Leola Derby 

Southeast Asia and China: Miss Clara M. French 

Medical Secretary: Dr. Harold N. Brewster 

Associate Secretary: Mrs. F. Roderick Dail 

Assistant Secretary: Miss Beverley C. Berry 
Department of Work in Home Fields 

Deaconess Work: Miss Mary Lou Barnwell 

Educational Institutions: Miss Muriel Day 

Social Welfare and Medical Work: Miss Emma Burris 

Town and Countiy: Miss L. Cornelia Russell 

Urban Work: Mrs. Mabel Garrett Wagner 

Assistant Secretary: Miss Ruth Pope 
Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 

Miss Thelma Stevens 

Associate Secretaries 

Mrs. Clifford A. Bender, Miss Ethel L. Watkins 

Section of Education and Cultivation 
Executive Secretary Assistant to Executive Secretary 

Miss Dorcas Hall Mrs. Maude White Hardie 

Secretary of Missionary Education Assistant to Secretary of Missionary Education 

Miss Elizabeth Stinson Mrs. C. B. Knapp 

Secretary of Wesleyan Service Guild 

Miss Lillian A. Johnson 
Associate Secretaries 

Field Cultivation: Miss Harriet Seibert; Student Work: Miss Dorothy Nyland; 

Youth Work: Miss Helen L. Johnson; Children's Work: Miss Ruby Van Hooser; 

Visual Education: Miss Elizabeth Marchant 
Editor — The World Outlook and other Joint Literature Publications 

Miss Dorothy McConnell 
Field Workers 

Miss Theressa Hoover Mrs. W. B. Landrum Miss E. Louise Nichols 

Secretaries of Missionary Personnel 

Miss Alpharetta Leeper Miss Marguerite Twinem 

Editors 
Editor of Literature: Miss Juanita Brow^N 
Associate Editor of Literature: Miss Frances Eshelman 
Associate Editor of Literature: Miss Alyce L'Heritier 
Editor of The Methodist Woman: Mrs. C. A. Meeker 

Literature Headquarters, 7820 Reading Road, Cincinnati 37, Ohio 
Circulation Manager and Secretary of Literature: Mrs. C. C. Long 
Publication and Business Manager: Mrs. E. LeRoy Stiffler 

Interboard Staff Members, 1001 19th Avenue, South, Nashville 2, Tenn. 
Interboard Committee on Missionary Education 

Executive Secretary: Mr. Horace Williams 

Adult Work: Mr. Edwin Tewksbury 

Youth Work: Miss May L. Titus 

Children's Work: Miss E. Mae Young 
Methodist Youth Fund: Miss Emeline Crane 
Interboard Committee on Christian Vocations: Mr. Richard Belcheb 



8 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

MEMBERS 
Northeastern Jurisdiction 

Bishop Fredeeick B. Newell 150 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, N. Y. 

Mrs. Willum T. Anderson 34 S. Hunter Avenue, Auburn, N. Y 

Mrs. John M. Pearson Hancock, N. Y 

Mrs. Ira S. Pimm 318 Burd Street, Pennington, N. J. 

Mrs. J. F. Rentz 234 Hazelcroft Avenue, New Castle, Pa. 

Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 3900 Sixteenth Street, N. W., Washington 11, D. C. 

Mrs. Howard W. Selby 60 Broadway, Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Members-at-Large 

Mrs. Wallace N. Strebter 516 Van Buren St., N. W., Washington 12, D. C. 

Mrs. H. C. Leonard 645 Ellet Street, Philadelphia 19, Pa. 



Southeastern Jurisdiction 

Bishop Costen J. Harrell 2020 Rosewell Avenue, Charlotte 4, N. C. 

Mrs. Paul Arrington 1735 Piedmont Street, Jackson 41, Miss. 

Mrs. Walter H. Beckham 461 S. W. 22nd Road, Miami, Fla. 

Mrs. Frank G. Bell 5333 5th Terrace, S., Birmingham 6, Ala. 

Mrs. Cecil P. Hardin 14 Nokomis Circle, Knoxville, Tenn. 

Mrs. J. W. Payne Cherry\-ille, N. C. 

Mrs. Marcus F. Phillips 417 Highland Avenue, Jackson, Tenn. 

Mrs. J. Fount Tillman R. F. D. 1, Lewisburg, Tenn. 

Mrs. Roscoe M. White 5026 Sylvan Road, Richmond 25, Va. 

Members-at-Large 

Mrs. E. U. Robinson 675 N. Water Street, Gallatin, Tenn. 

Mrs. W. H. Ratliff Millsaps College, Jackson, Miss. 



Central Jurisdiction 

Bishop Edgar A. Love 1206 Etting Street, Baltimore, Md. 

Mrs. E. J. Badgett 631 Baronne Street, New Orleans 12, La. 

Mrs. J. W. Jewett 5919 Girard Avenue, Philadelphia 31, Pa. 

Mrs. W. L. Turner 309 Eighth Avenue, W., Birmingham, Ala. 

Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 4708 Blagden Terrace, N. W., Washington 11, D. C. 

Members-at-Large 

Mrs. George W. Carter, Jr 2021 Louisiana Ave., New Orleans, La. 

Mrs. W. H. McCallum 2841 West Warren Blvd., Chicago 12, 111. 



North Central Jurisdiction 

Bishop Marshall R. Reed 1205 Kales Bldg., Detroit 26, Mich. 

Mrs. H. F. Brandt 644 Pioneer Trail, Aurora, Ohio 

Mrs. Frank G. Brooks Mount Vernon, Iowa 

Mrs. A. R. Henry 60S Wilson Avenue, Menomonie, Wis. 

Mrs. Alan K. Laing 1107 W. Charles Street, Champaign, 111. 



Members 9 

Mrs. Salmon C. Myers 17414 Washburn Avenue, Detroit 12, Mich. 

Mrs. T. Otto Nall 2748 Marcy Avenue, Evanston, 111. 

Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver Winona Lake, Ind. 

Mrs. Ch.\rles E. Wegner 1765 Arona Avenue, St. Paul 13, Minn. 

M embers-at-Large 

Mrs. F. L. McDaniel 2808 Elkhart Street, Gary, Ind. 

Mrs. C. a. Rydmark 15024 Salem Avenue, Detroit 37, Mich. 



South Central Jurisdiction 

Bishop Dana D.\wson 810 National Bank of Topeka Bldg., Topeka, Kan. 

Mrs. C. a. Barr 2502 Aztec Drive, Austin 3, Texas 

Mrs. G. W. Dameron Jonesboro, La. 

Mrs. George Dismukes Westville, Okla. 

Mrs. Charles W. Mead 5122 Davenport Street, Omaha 3, Neb, 

Mrs. Joe T. Rogers 224 N. Erie Street, Wichita 8, Kan. 

Mrs. H. E. Werner 1290 High Avenue, Topeka, Kan. 

M emb ers-at-Large 

Mrs. W. E. Horton, Jr 3655 Piping Rock Lane, Houston 19, Texas 

Mrs. Sam T. Evans Box 396, Gallatin, Mo. 



Western Jurisdiction 

Bishop Glenn R. Phillips 2100 S. Josephine, Denver 10, Colo. 

Mrs. Wray Andrew 1422 "B" E. 4th Street, Long Beach 12, Calif. 

Mrs. John L. Spargo 63 S. 9th East Street, Salt Lake City 2, Utah 

Mrs. F. W. Stiver R. F. D. 1, Box 38, Lakeport, Calif. 

M embers-at-Large 

Mrs. Frank I. Hollingsworth 624 S. Pennsylvania Street, Denver 9, Colo. 

Mrs. B. R. Lewis 15 Alta Street, Arcadia, Cahf. 



Representatives from the Divisions of National and World Missions 

The Reverend Merrill C. Johnson 2 Central Avenue, Newburgh, New York 

Mr. Littell Rust 2303 Dixie PI., Nashville 12, Tenn. 

The Reverend Herbert J. Smith 103 Broadway, Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Mr. Elbert A. Smithers 299 North Main Street, Irvine, Ky. 



Youth Member* 

Miss Peggy Kiah Box 343, Bridgeville, Del. 

Mr. Robert C. Ward Yates City, 111. 



10 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Standing Committees 
Executive (^oniinittee 



Mes. Feank G. Bbooks, Chairman 

Mount Vernon, Iowa 
BiSBOP Ck)STEN J. Habsell 
Bishop Edqab A. Love 
Bishop Fbedebick B. Newell 
Mrs. Paul Abrington 
Mrs. C. a. Barb 
Mrs. Frank G. Bell 
Mrs. H. F. Brandt 
Mrs. George Dismukes 
Mrs. C. p. Habdin 
Mrs. Alan E. Lainq 
Mrs. W. H. McCallum 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead 
Mrs. Salmon C. Myers 
Mrs. John M. Peabson 
Mbb. W. H. Ratufp 
Mrs. Fbbd C. Reynolds 



Mrs. J. N. Kodeheaver 
Mrs. Joe T. Rogers 
Mrs. Howard W. Selby 
Mrs. J. Fount Tillman 
Mrs. Charles E. Wegneb 
Mrs. H. E. Webneb 
Mrs. Roscoe M. White 
Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 

Ex Officio (without vote) 
Executive and other Secretaries 
Treasurers 
Disbursing Officer 
Editors 

Publication and Business Manager 
Circulation Manager and Secretary 
Literature 



of 



Administrative Committee 



Mrs. Frank G. Brooks, Chairman 

Mrs. Paul Abrington 

Mbb. Cecil P. Haedin 

Mrs. John M. Pearson 

Mrs. W. H. Ratufp 

Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaveb 

Mrb. Howard W. Sblbt 



Mrs. J. Fount Tillman 
Mrs. Charles E. Wegner 
Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 

Ex Officio (without vote) 
Executive Secretaries 
Treasurer 



Constitution and By-laws — 

Mrs. Charles W. Mead, Chairman 

5122 Davenport St., Omaha 3, Neb. 
Mu. WiLUAM T. Anderson 
Mrs. Wbat Andrew 
Mu. Geobgb W. Carter, Jb. 
Mas. Sam T. Evans 
Mas. J. W. Jewett 
Mrs. Ira S. Pimm 
Mrb. Fbeb C. Reynolds 
Mrs. E. U. Robinson 
Mr. Litteix Rust 
Mrs. C. a. Rtdmabk 
Mb. Eldest Smithers 
Mbb. John Spargo 
Mb. Robbbt Ward 



Finance and Estimates — 

Mbb. Fred C. Reynolds, Chairman 

3900 16th St., N. W., Washington H, 
D. C. 

Mrs. Paxtl Abrington 

Mbb. Frank Q. Bell 

Mrb. H. F. Bbandt 

Mrs. Fbank G. Brooks 

Mrs. Alan K. Laino 

Mrs. John M. Pearson 

Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaveb 

Mrb. Howabd W. Selby 

Mrb. J. Fount Tillman 

Mbs. Chables E. Wegner 

Mbb. H. E. Webneb 

Ex Officio: 

Secretariee 

Treasurers 

Disbursing Officer 

Editors 

Publication and Business Manager 

Circulation Manager and Secretary of 

Literature 
Beeretaries and Editor of the Section of 

Bdacation and Cultivation 



Library Service — 

Mbs. Cecil P. Hardin, Chairman 

14 Nokomis Circle, Knoxville, Tenn. 
Mrs. William T. Anderson 
Mrs. John L. Spargo 
Miss Lucile Colony 
Miss Cornelia Russell 

Ex Officio: 
Editor for the Committee 

Literature and Publications — 

Mrs. Frank G. Bell, Chairman 

5333 5th Terrace, S., Birmingham 6, Ala. 
Mrs. Paul Arrington 
Mrs. E. J. Badgett 
Mrs. H. F. Brandt 
Mrs. George Dismukes 
Mbs. a. R. Henry 
Mrs. J. F. Rentz 

Ex Officio: 

Editors 

Circulation Manager and Secretary of 
Literature 

Publication and Business Manager 

Chairman and Secretaries of the Section 
of Education and Cultivation 

Chairman of the Department of Work in 
Foreign Fields, one Executive Secretary 
appointed by the Department 

Chairman of the Department of Work in 
Home Fields, one Executive Secretary 
appointed by the Department 

Chairman of the Department of Christian 
Social Relations and Local Church Ac- 
tivities, one Executive Secretary of the 
Department 

The President of the Woman's Division 

The Treasurer of the Woman's Division 

Chairman of the Standing Committee on 
Spiritual Life 

Vice-Chairman of the Standing Cormnit- 
tee on Wesleyan Service Guild 

A Secretary of the Committee on Mis- 
■ionary Peraonnel 



Standing Committees 



11 



Missionary Personnel — 

Mrs. Alan K. Lainq, Chairman 
1107 West Charles St., Champaign, 111. 

Mrs. H. F. Br.*ndt 

Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 

Mrs. T. Otto Nall 

Mrs. John M. Pearson 

Mbs. J. N. Rodeheaver 

Mrs. Charles E. Wegner 

Mrs. R. M. White 

Miss Alpharbtta Leeper 

Miss Mahgderite Twinem 

Jurisdiction Secretaries of Missionary 
Personnel 

Ex Officio: 
Executive Secretaries of Fields and 

Bureaus 
Secretaries of Youth Work, Student Work. 

Wesleyan Service Guild 
Editor for the Committee 

Nominations — 

Mrs. Howard W. Selby, Chairman 
60 Broadway, Ocean Grove, N. J. 
Mrs. Paul Arrington 
Mrs. a. R. Henry 
Mrs. Alan K. Laing 
Mrs. W. H. McCallum 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead 
Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 
Mrs. R. M. White 

Pensions — 

Mrs. H. E. Werner, Chairman 
1290 High St., Topeka, Kan. 
Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 
Miss Mary Lou Barnwell 
Miss Hazel Best 
Miss Margaret Billingsley 
Miss Marguerite Harris 
Miss Marguerite Hawkins 

Permanent Funds and Invest- 
ments — 

Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds, Chairman 
3900 16th St., N. W., Washington 11, 
D. C. 
Mrs. Paul Arrington 
Mrs. Alan K. Laing 
Mrs. Howard W. Selby 
Mrs. H. E. Werner 
Miss Marguerite Harbis 

Coopted Members: 
Mr. Coleman Burke 
Mr. Robert Diefendorf 
Mrs. Harry James 
Mb. LeRoy E. Kimball 
Mrs. Millard L. Robinson 



Policy — 

Mrs. Frank G. Brooks, Chairman 

Mount Vernon, Iowa 
Mrs. Paul Arrington 
Mrs. Alan K. Laing 
Mrs. John M. Pearson 
Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver 
Mrs. Joe T. Rogers 
Mrs. J. Fount Tillman 
Mrs. Charles E. Wegner 
Mrs. R. M. White 
Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 
Miss Marguerite Harris 
Miss Dorcas Hall 
Mrs. Mabel G. Wagner 



Salaries — 

Mrs. H. F. Brandt, Chairman 
Pioneer Trail, Aurora, Ohio 
Mrs. Paul Arrington 
Mrs. Frank G. Bell 
Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 



Spiritual Life — 



Chairntuii 



Mrs. G. W. Dameron 
Rev. Merrill Johnson 
Mrs. H. C. Leonard 
Mrs. Salmon C. Myers 
Mrs. J. W. Payne 
Rev. Hebbebt J. Smith 
Mrs. F. W. Stiver 
Mrs. W. L. Turner 

Chairman of the Spiritual Life Commit- 
tee of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
Ex Officio: 
Editor for the Committee 

Status of Women — 

Mrs. W. H. Ratliff, Chairman 
Millsaps College, Jackson, Miss. 

Mrs. Paul Arrington 

Mrs. Walter H. Beckham 

Mrs. George W. Carter, Jr. 

Mrs. W. E. Hohoxin, Jr. 

Mrs. B. R. Lewis 

Mbs. F. L. McDaniel 

Mrs. Wallace N. Streetek 

Miss Muriel Day 

Miss Dorcas Hall 

Miss Lillian Johnson 

Mrs. F. Roderick Dail 

Miss Thelma Stevens 

Jurisdiction Secretaries of Status of 
Women 
Ex Officio: 

Editor for th« Committee 



Supply Work — 

Mrs. C. a. Barb, Chairman 
2502 Aztec Drive, Austin, Tex. 

Mrs. W. H. McCallum 

Mrs. Job T. Rogers 

Chairman of the Committee on Supply 
Work of the Wesleyan Service Guild 

Jurisdiction Secretaries of Supply Work 
Ex Officio: 

Editor for th« Committee 

Wesleyan Service Guild — 

Mrs. George Dismukes, Chairman 
Westville, Okla. 

Mrs. William T. Anderson 

Mrs. F. W. Stiver 

Mrs. C. P. Hardin 

Mrs. T. Otto Nall 

Mrs. j. Ernest Wilkins 

Secretary of Wesleyan Service Guild 

Jurisdiction Secretaries of Wesleyan Serv- 
ice Guild ; six other Guild Members 
Ex Officio: 

Treasurer of Woman's Division 

Executive Secretary of the Section of 
Education and Cultivation 

Editor for the Committee 

World Federation of Methodist 
Women — 

Mrs. PAtJL ARaiNOTON, Chairman 
1735 Piedmont St., Jackson 41, Miss. 

Mrs. Wray Andrew 



12 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Me8. Frank Hollingsworth 

Mrs. J. W. Jewett 

Mrs. B. R. Lewis 
Mrs. T. Otto Nalu 

Mas. Maecxis F. Phillips 

Mrs. Iba S. Pimm 

Mrs. W. H. Ratliff 

Mrs. J. N. Rooehbavbr 

Mrs. J. Fount Tillm.^n 

Mrs. Charles E. Wegner 



Vice-Presidents : Jurisdiction Woman's So- 
cieties of Christian Service 
Miss Jdanita Brown 
Miss Claba M. French 
Miss Dobcas Hali. 
Miss Liluan Johnson 
Miss Alycb L'Hmuteeb 
Miss Dorothy McConnbll 
Mrs. C. a. Mbbkeb 
Miss Thelma Stevens 
Miss Elizabeth Stinson 
Miss Rtjby Van Hooseb 



Special Committees 



Annual Meeting — 

Mrs. Frank G. Brooks, Chairman 

Mount Vernon, Iowa 
Mrs. Paul Arrington 
Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 
Consulting Members: 
Mrs. John M. Pearson 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver 
Mrs. J. Fount Tillman 
Mrs. Charles E. Wegner 

Annual Report — 

Mrs. j. Ernest Wilkins, Chairman 
4708 Blagden Terrace, N. W., Washing- 
ton 11, D. C. 
Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 



Mrs. John M. Pearson 

Mrs. j. N. Rodeheaver 

Mrs. j. Fount Tillman 

Mrs. Charles E. Wegner 
Miss Dorcas Hall 

Mrs. C. C. Long 

Mrs. C. a. Meeker 

Mrs. E. LeRoy Stiffler 

Week of Prayer and Self-Denial — 

Mrs. Wray Andrew, Chairman 
1422 "B" E. 4th St., Long Beach 12, 
Calif. 

Mrs. William T. Anderson 

Mrs. G. W. Dameron 

Mrs. j. W. Payne 

Miss Juanita Brown 



Departments 

Department of Work in Foreign Fields — 



Mrs. Charles E. Wegner, Chairman 
Mrs. Roscob M. White, Secretary 
Mrs. William T. Anderson 
Mas. £. J. Badgeti 
Mrs. Frank G. Bell 
Mrs. O. W. Damebon 
Mrs. Sam T. Evans 
Bishop Costen J. Harrell 
Mrs. Frank L Hollingsworth 
Mrs. W. E. Hobton 
Mrs. Alan K. Lainq 
Mrs. B. R. Lewis 
Mrs. W. H. McCallum 
Mrs. T. Otto Nall 
Mrs. John M. Pearson 
Mrs. Marcus Phillips 
Mrs. E. U. Robinson 
Mr. Littell Rust 
Mrs. Howard W. Selby 
Mrs. John L. Spargo 
Executive Secretaries 

Ex Officio: 
President of the Woman's Division 
Treasurer of the Woman's Division 
Assistant Treasurer for Foreign Fields 
Secretary of Missionary Personnel 

ExecntlTe Committee 

Mrs. Chablbs E. Wegner, Chairman 

Mbs. Roscoe M. White, Secretary 

Mrs. Frank G. Bell 

Bishop Costen J. Hahreu, 

Mbs. Alan K. Laing 

Mrs. W. H. McCallum 

Mrs. John M. Pearson 

Mrs. Howard W. Selby 

Executive Secretaries 

Administratiye Committee 

Mrs. Charles E. Wegner, Chairman 
Mrs. Roscoe M. White, Secretary 
Mbb. W. H. McCallum 



Mrs. Alan K. Laing 
Mrs. John M. Pearson 
Mrs. Howard W. Selby 

Standing Committee 

Mrs. Charles E. Wegner, Chairman 

Mrs. William T. Anderson 

Mrs. Sam T. Evans 

Mrs. B. R. Lewis 

Jurisdiction Secretaries of Foreign Work 

Executive Secretaries 

Ex Officio: 
Executive Secretary, Section of Education 

and Cultivation 
Secretary of Missionary Education 

Interdivision Committee 

Miss Hazel M. Best 
Mrs. F. Roderick Dail 
Miss Marguerite Harris 
Executive Secretaries 

Committee on Finance and Estimates 

Mb8. Charles E. Wegner, Chairman 

Mrs. Frank G. Bell 

Mrs. Alan K. Laing 

Mrs. John M. Prarson 

Mrs. Howard W. Selby 

Mrs. Roscoe M. White 

Executive Secretaries 

Literature Committee 

Mrs. Frank G. Bell, Chairman 
Mbs. E. J. Badgett 
Mrs. Frank Hollingsworth 
Mrs. T. Otto Nall 
Mrs. Marcus Philups 
Mrs. E. U. Robinson 
Miss Mabgabet Billingslby 
Ex Officio: 
Mbs. Chablbs E. Wbontb 



Department Committees 



13 



Committee on Missionary Personnel 

Mb8. Alan K. Lainq, Chairman 
Mbs. T. Otto Nall 
Mrs. Roscoe M. White 
Mbs. Charles E. Wexjner 
Executive Secretaries 
NominatinsT Committee 

Mrs. Howard W. Sblbt, Chairman 
Mrs. Alan K. Lainq 
Mbs. Roscoe M. Whitb 

Conntry Committees 

Africa and Europe: 

Mrs. Frank G. Bell 

Mbs. G. W. Damebon 

Mrs. Clyde Le Messdrier 

Mrs. B. R. Lewis 

Mrs. T. Otto Nall 

Miss Ruth Lawbence 
India and Pakistan: 

Mbs. Robert K. Gordon 

Bishop Costen J. Karbell 

Mrs. Fhank I. Hollingsworth 

Mrs. John M. Pearson 

Mrs. Howard W. Sblbt 

Miss Lucile Colony 
Japan and Korea: 

Mbs. Sam T. Evans 

Mrs. Alan K. Lainq 

Mrs. E. V. Perry 

Mrs. Roscoe M. White 

Miss Margaret Billingsley 
Latin America: 

Mrs. E. J. Basgbit 

Mrs. E. H. Fariier 

Mrs. Marcus Phillips 

Mrs. E. U. Robinson 

Mrs. E. M. Tilton 

Miss Marian Derby 
Southeast Asia and China: 

Mbs. William T. Anderson 

Mrs. W. E. Hobton 

Mrs. W. H. McCallum 

Mb. Littell Rust 

Mrs. John L. Spabgo 

Mrs. Roy Younq 

Miss Clar.* M. French 

Representatives on Cooperating 
Committees and Boards — 

National Council of the Chnrches of Christ 
in the United States of America, Divi- 
slon of Foreign Missions Committees 

Africa: 

Miss Ruth Lawrence 
China: 

Miss Clara M. French 
Europe: 

Miss Ruth Lawrence 
Southern Asia: 

Miss Lucile Colony 
Japan : 

Miss Margaret Billingsley 
Korea : 

Miss Margaret Billingsley 
Near East: 

Miss Ruth Lawrence 
Latin America: 

Miss Marian Derby 
Philippines : 

Miss Clara M. French 



Southeast Alia: 

Miss Clara M. French 
Associated Medical Mission Office: 

Miss Lucius Colony 

Christian Medical Council for Overseas 
Work: 
Miss Lucile Colony 

Radio, Visual Education and Mass Com- 

m.unication: 
Miss Marian Dejiby 
Miss Ruth Lawrence 

Rural Missions Cooperating Committee: 
Miss Lucile Colony 

Committee on World Literacy and Chris- 
tian Literature: 
Miss Juanita Brown 
Miss Clara M. French 
Mrs. F. Roderick Dail 
Miss Dorothy McConnell 

Treasurers ' Group : 
Miss Henrietta Gibson 

World Council Christian Education: 
Miss Margaret Biii,iNGSLEY 
Mrs. Floyd Shacklock (Alternate) 

United Board for Christian Colleges in Asia 

Mrs. Gebald Alcokn 
Mrs. J. D. Braqq 
Mas. Frank G. Brooks 
Miss Rosa May Butler 
Miss Euzabeth Condon 
Mrs. R. E. DiFFBNBOBraB 
Miss Marqahet Forsyth 
Miss Clara M. French 
Miss Henrietta Gibson 
Miss Florence Hooper 
Mrs. Lynn HAaoLD Houoh 
^Irs. Harriet Lacy 
Mrs. Alan K. Lainq 
Miss Sallib Lou MacKinnon 
Mrs. J. W. Masland 
Miss Dorothy McConnbll 
Mrs. S. E. McCreless 
Mrs. Ellis L. Phillips 
Miss Louise Robinson 
Mrs. Howard W. Selby 
Mrs. J. Fount Tillman 
Miss Marguerite Twinem 
Mrs. Charles E. Wegner 
Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 
Miss Louise Young 

Woman's Union Christian Medical College, 
Shanghai 

Miss Henrietta Gibson 
Mrs. E. L. Hillman 
Miss Clara M. French 

Isabella Thobnrn College, Lncknow 

Miss Lucile Colony 

Mrs. Charles H. Habdie 

Miss Florence Hooper 

Mb. James K. Mathews 

Da. Roland Scott 

Mrs. H. E. Wooleter 

Mrs. John M. Pearson (Advisory) 

Mrs. Ellis L. Philips (Advisory) 

Mrs. Fred A. Victor (Alternate) 

Miss Dorcas Hall (Co-opted) 

Ludhiana Christian Medical College 

Miss Luolb Colony 

Mrs. John M. Pearson (Alternate) 

Conncil of Christian Education in Asia 

Miss Luqlb Colony 
Miss Clara M. French 



14 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



St. Christopher's Trainingr College 

Miss Lucile Colony 

Mbs. John M. Pbahson 

Miss Dorothy McConnell (Alternate) 

Cooperating Board for Christian Education 
in Chosen 

Mas. J. D. Brago 

Miss Mabgaret Billingsley 

Woman's Christian College of Madras 

Miss Lucile Colony 
Mrs. John W. Lord 
Miss Dorothy McConnell (Alternate) 

Missionary Medical College for Women, 
Vellore 

Miss Lucile Colony 

Mrs. Ellis L. Phillips 

Mrs. John M. Pearson (Alternate) 

Vellore Christian Medical College 

Miss Lucile Colony 
Mrs. John M. Pearson 
Mrs. Ellis L. Phillips 

Kinnaird Christian College 

Miss Lucile Colony 
Mrs. John M. Pearson 
Mrs. Ellis L. Phillips 

Tokyo Woman's Christian College 

Miss Margaret Billingsley 

Mrs. C. a. Meeker 

Mrs. Charles E. Wegner 

Mrs. William T. Anderson (Alternate) 



Christian Literature for Women and Chil- 
dren in Mission Fields 

Miss Marian Derby 

Christian Literature for Africa, American 
Section 

Miss Ruth Lawrence 

Willis Pierce Memorial Hospital, China 

Miss Hazel M. Best 

Miss Emma Buhbis 

Miss Clara M. French 

Mrs. John M. Pearson (Alternate) 

Ewha College, Korea 

Mrs. J. M. Avann 
Mrs. Frank E. Baker 
Miss Margaret Billingsley 
Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 
Miss Margaret Forsyth 
Miss Henrietta Gibson 
Mrs. E. L. Hillman 
Mrs. J. Wesley Masland 
Mrs. Velma Maynob 
Mrs. S. E. McCreless 
Miss Lilla Mills 

Japan Christian University Foundation 

Miss Margaret Billingsley 

Miss Elizabeth M. Lee 

Miss Sallie Lou MacKinnon (Alternate) 

Mrs. Howard W. Selby (Alternate) 

Interboard Committee for Christian Work 
in Japan 

Miss Margaret Billingsley 

American Leprosy Missions 

Mrs. Frank G. Bell 



Department of Work in Home Fields- 



Mbs. J. N. RoDBHEAVER, Chairman 

Mrs. Job T. Rogers, Secretary 

Mrs. Wbay Andbew 

Mrs. C. a. Barb 

Mas. Walteb H. Beckham 

Mrs. H. F. Br.indt 

Mrs. C. p. Hardin 

Mrs. J. W. Jewett 

Mrs. Charles W. Mead 

Bishop Frederick B. Newell 

Mrs. J. W. Payne 

Bishop Glenn R. Phillips 

Mrs. J. F. Rentz 

Mrs. Fbed C. Reynolds 

Mr. Elbert Smithers 

Mrs. F. W. Stiver 

Mrs. Wallace N. Stbeeteb 

Mrs. W. L. Turner 

Mr. Robert Ward 

Mrs. H. E. Werner 

Executive Secretaries 

Ex Officio: 
President of the Woman's Division 
Treasurer of the Woman's Division 
Assistant Treasurer for Home Fields 
Secretary of Missionary Personnel 

ExeentiTe Committee 

Mrs. J. N. Rodesheaver, Chairman 
Mrs. Joe T. Rogers, Secretary 
Mrs. C. a. Barb 
Mrs. H. F. Brandt 
Mrs. C. p. Hardin 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead 
Bishop Frederick B. Neweu. 
Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 
Mrs. H. E. Webneb 
Executive Secretaries 



Administrative Committee 

Mbs. J. N. Rodeheaver, Chairman 
Mrs. Joe T. Rogers, Secretary 
Mrs. C. p. Hardin 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead 
Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 
Mrs. H. E. Werner 
Executive Secretaries 
Assistant Treasurer 

Finance and Estimates Committee 

Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver, Chairman 

Mrs. H. F. Brandt 

Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 

Mrs. H. E. Werner 

Executive Secretaries 

Assistant Treasurer 

Standing Committee 

Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver, Chairman 
Jurisdiction Secretaries of Home Work 
Mrs. J. W. Jewett 
Mrs. J. F. Rentz 
Executive Secretaries 

Ex Officio: 
Executive Secretary, Section of Educa- 
tion and Cultivation 
Secretary of Missionary Education 

Interdivision Committee on Work in Home 
Fields 

Miss Mary Lou Barnwell 
Miss Emma Burris 
Miss Muriel Day 
Miss Marguerite Harris 
Miss Marguerite Hawkins 
Miss Alpharetta Leeper 
Miss Cornelia Russell 
Mbb. Mabel Gabbett Wagnbb 



Department Committees 



15 



Building Uommittee 

Mbs. Chables W. Mead, Chairman 
Mbs. Fred C. Reynolds 
Mrs. H. E. Werner 

Constitution and By-laws 

Mrs. Charles W. Mead, Chairman 

Mrs. Wray Andrew 

Mrs. J. W. Jewett 

Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 

Mr. Elbert Smith ers 

Mr. Robert Ward 

Insurance Committee 

Mrs. J. N. Rodbheaver, Chairman 
Mrs. S. E. McCreless 
Mrs. Wallace N. Streeter 
Mrs. W. L. Turner 
Assistant Treasurer 

New Work Committee 

Mrs. Joe T. Rogers, Chairman 
Mrs. C. p. Hardin 
Mrs. F. W. Stiver 

Nominating Committee 

Mrs. H. F. Brandt, Chairman 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead 
Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 

Week of Prayer Committee 

Mrs. Wray Andrew, Chairman 
Mrs. C. p. Hardin 
Mrs. J. W. Payne 

Work in Emergency and Defense Areas 

Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds, Chairman 

Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver 

Miss Emma Burris 

Mrs. Mabel Garrett Wagner 

Advisory Committees 

Commission on Deaconess Work: 
Miss Mary Lou Barnwell, Executive 

Secretary 
Mrs. C. a. Barr 
Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 
Mrs. Freb C. Reynolds 

The President of each Jurisdiction Wom- 
an's Society of Christian Service 

Educational Institutions: 
Miss Muriel Day, Executive Secretary 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead, Chairman 
Mrs. George W. Carter, Jb. 
Mbs. T. Otto Nall 
Mrs. E. U. Robinson 
Mrs. F. W. Stiver 
Mas. H. E. Werneb 
Mbs. Wallace N. Stbeeteb 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaveb, ex officio 

Social Welfare and Medical Work: 
Miss Emma Burris, Executive Secretary 

Social Welfare — 
Mrs. J. W. Paynb, Chairman 
Mrs. C. a. Barb 
Mas. J. D. Bragc 
Miss Jean Clbveiand 
Mrs. a. C. Johnson 
Mrs. E. Paul Todd 
Mbs. W. L. Tubnbb 

Medical — 
Mbs. Fred C. Reynolds, Chairman 
Mrs. a. O. Aldrich 
Mbs. W. W. Fondben 
VTtss Ada Fobt 
Mr. Walter Hoefflin, Jb. 



John M. Orem, M.D. 

Mrs. John R. Sgward 

Mas. J. N. Rodeheaver, ex officio 

Town and Country Work: 
Miss Cornelia IxUsisell, Executive Secre- 
tary 
Mrs. Joe T. Rogers, Chairman 
Mrs. Wray Andrew 
Mrs. Walter H. Beckham 
Mrs. a. R. Henry 
Mrs. J. W. Jewett 
Mrs. J. F. Rentz 
Mrs. J. Fount Tillman 
Miss Louise Young 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver, ex officio 

Urban Work : 

Mrs. Mabel Garrett Wagner, Executive 

Secretary 
Mrs. C. p. Hardin, Chairman 
Mrs. M. H. Baxlby 
Mrs. H. F. Brandt 
Miss Lucy Gist 
Mrs. Alfredo Nanez 
Mrs. John M. Pearson 
Miss Caroline Porter 
Miss Margaret Young 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver, ex officio 

Elizabeth Ritter Hall, Athens, Tenn. 
Mrs. C. p. Hardin 

President and Secretary of Supply Work, 
Holston Conference Woman's Society 

Holding Institute, Laredo, Tex. 

Mrs. C. a. Barr 

Mrs. Charles W. Mead 

President, South Central Jurisdiction 
Woman's Society of Christian Service, 
provided she resides in Texas 

Conference Presidents : 
Central Texas Conference 
Southwest Texas Conference 
Texas Conference 
Rio Grande Conference 

Local Presidents : 

First Methodist Church, Laredo, Tex. 
La Trinidad Methodist Church, Laredo, 
Tex. 

Local Ministers : 
First Methodist Church, Laredo, Tex. 
La Trinidad Methodist Church, Laredo, 
Tex. 

District Superintendents : 
McAllen District, Southwest Texas Con- 
ference 
Southern District, Rio Grande Confer- 
ference 

Members-at-large : 
Mrs. W. W. Jackson 
Mr. Juan Calvillo 
Mr. Gilberto Cerda 
Mrs. Clotilda F. Nanez 

Wood Junior College, Mathiston, Miss. 
Miss Muriel Day, Executive Secretary 
Mrs. W. H. Ratliff 
Mrs. D. H. Hall 
Mrs. E. M. Sharp 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver, ex officio 

California Properties of the Wom.an's Di- 
vision, Incorporated 
Class of 1957: Mrs. Wray Andrew 
Class of 195S: Mrs. F. W. Stiver 
Class of 1959: Mrs. Charles W. Mead 



16 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



RepreaentativeB on Boards of Trustees 

Bennett College, Greensboro, N. C. 

Term expires 1957: 
Mrs. H. C. Black 
Mrs. W. H. C. Goodb 
Mas. M. L. Robinson 

Term expires 1958: 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaveb 
Mrs. Robebt K. Gordon 
Mrs. C. p. Hardin 

Term expires 1959: 
Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 
Mrs. W. Raymond Brown 
Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 
Miss Muriel Dat, Advisory 

Clark College, Atlanta, Ga. 

Term expires 1967: 
Mrs. L. M. Awteey 

Term expires 1958: 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver 

Term expires 1959: 
Miss Muriel Day, ex officio 

Ethel Harpst Home, Cedartown, Ga. 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver, ex officio 
MiBB Emua Burris, ex officio 

Term expire* 1967: 
Mas. W. H. C. GooDE 

Term expires 1968: 
Mrs. L. M. Awtbey 
Mrs. R. F. Spanjer 

Term expires 1959: 
Mr. Mason Florence 

National College for Christian Workers, Kan- 
sas City, Mo. 
Mrs. Frank G. Brooks, ex officio 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver, ex officio 
Miss Mary Lou Barnwell, ex officio 
Miss Muriel Day, ex officio 

Term expires 1967: 

Mrs. W. H. C. Goode 
Mrs. F. F. Lewis 
Miss Henrietta Gibson 

Term expires 1958: 

Mrs. H. F. Brandt 
Mas. Fred C. Reynolds 
Mrs. H. C. Vaughn 

Term expires 1959: 

Mrs. W. L. Ferryman 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead 
Mrs. Job T. Rogers 

Paine College, Augusta, Ga. 

Mrs. E. L. Hillman 
Mrs. a. C. Johnson 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver 
Miss Muriel Day, ex officio 

Pfeiffer CoUerje, Misenheimer, N. C. 

Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver, ex officio 
Miss Muriel Day, ex officio 



Term expires 1957: 

Mrs. W. H. C. Goode 
TerTn expires 1958: 

Mrs. T. Otto Nall 

Term expires 1959: 
Mrs. M. L. Robinson 

Rust College, Holly Springs, Miss. 
Term expires 1967: 

Mrs. Paul Arrington 

Miss Muriel Day, ex officio 

Term expires 1968: 
Mrs. L. M. Awtrey 

Term expires 1959: 

President, Upper Mississippi Conference, 
Woman's Society of Christian Service 

Huston-Tillotson College, Austin, Tex. 

Mrs. C. a. Barr 
Mrs. O. B. Coe 
Miss Muriel Day 

Sibley Memorial Hospital, Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. Joy Elmer Morgan 

Mrs. J. N. Rodehbavex, ex officio 

Miss Emma Burris, ex officio 

Representatives on Cooperating 
Boards and Committees — 

National Conncil of the Churches of Christ 
in the U. S. A., Division of Home 
Missions 

Executive Committee: 
Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver 

Alaska Committee: 
Mrs. Fred C. Reynolds 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver 
Miss Emma Burris 

Christian Approach to the Jews: 
Mrs. C. a. Bender 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver 

Home Missions Institutions 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead 
Miss Emma Burris 
Miss Muriel Day 

Indian Work : 
Miss Muriel Day 
Miss Cornelu Russell 

Migrant Work: 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead 
Mrs. Mabel G. Wagner 

Missionary Personnel: 
Mrs. F. W. Stiver 
Miss Alphabbtta Leeper 

Spanish- Americans : 
Mrs. C. a. Barr 
Mas. Alfredo Nanez 
Miss Mukibl Day 



Department Committees 



17 



Town and Cowitry Church: 
Mrs. Virgil Morris 
Mrs. J. F. Rent?, 
Miss Coenelu Russell 



Urban Work: 
Mrs. J. W. Jewett 
Mrs. Mabel G. Wagnee 



West Indies: 
Mrs. Fredehick B. NEWEti, 
Mibb Muain. Dat 

Board for ChxlatUn Work In Santo Dominaro 

Mrs. Frederick B. Newell 
Miss Mubiel Day 

Gulfside Board of Trustees, Wayeland, Miss. 

Mrs. Paul Arsington 
Mrs. J. N. Rodchbateb 



Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities' 



Mrs. J. Fount Tillman, Chairman 
Mrs. Paul Arrington 
Mrs. George W. Cartbb, Jr. 
Mrs. George Dismuees 
Mrs. a. R. Henbt 
Rev. Merrill C. Johnson 
Mrs. H. C. Leonard 
Bishop Edgab A. Love 
Mas. F. L. McDaniel 
Mrs. Salmon C. Myers 
Mrs. Ira S. Pimm 
Mrs. W. H. Ratliff 
Bishop Marshall R. Reed 
Mas. C. A. Rtdmark 
Rev. Herbert J. Smith 
Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 
Executive and Associate Secretaries of 
Department 

Standing Committee 

Mrs. J. Fount Tillman, Chairman 

Mrs. a. R. Hbnby 

Mrs. H. C. Leonard 

Mb8. Salmon C. Myebs 

Jurisdiction Secretaries of Christian 
Social Relations and Local Church Ac- 
tivities 

Chairman, Christian Social Relations and 
Local Church Activities of the Standing 
Committee of the Wesleyan Service 
Guild 

Executive and Associate Secretaries of the 
Department 



Executive Committee 

Mrs. J. Fount Tiu-man, Chairman 
Mrs. Paui. Abbington 
Mbs. Salmon C. Mii'ebs 
Mbs. W. H. Ratliff 
Mrs. J. Ernest Wilkins 
Executive and Associate Secretaries 



Finance Committee 

Mrs. J. Fount Tillman 
Mbs. Paul Arrington 
Executive and Associate Secretaries of 
Department 

fCommittee on Quadrennial Emphases 

Mbs. H. C. Leonard, Chairman 
Mbs. Paul Abbington 
Mbs. Geobgs Dismukgs 
Mbs. Salmon C. Myers 
Bishop Marshall R. Reed 
Mbs. C. a. Rydmabe 
Rsv. Hbssbbt Smith 



fCommittee on Techniques for Action 
Mas. A. R. Hbnrt, Chairman 
Mb«. Gborgi W. Cabter, Jb. 
Ret. Mbbbill C. Johnson 
Bishop Edqar A. Love 
Mrs. F. L. McDaniel 
Mrs. Ira S. Pimm 
Mrs. W. H. Ratuff 
Mas. J Ernest Wilkins 



•The president and vice-presidents of the Division, other than the chairman of this department, 
shall be members ex officio. 

The secretaries of the Section of Education and Cultivation, the editors, the executive secretaries 
of the administrative departments, the chairman of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service 
Guild, may be members and serve as consultants for committees. 

Liaison Representatives from the Board of Temperance, Board of World Peace, and Board of Social 
and Economic Relations serve as resource persons for the department. 

tThe president of the Division and the chairman and secretaries of the department shall be members 
ex officio. 



Section of Education and Cultivation — 



Mas. John M. Pbabbon, Chairman 

Mas. Wbay Andrew 

Mrs. Paul Arrington 

Mrs. Habvey F. Brandt 

Mas. Frank G. Bbooeb 

Mas. Geobge Dismueeb 

Mas. Alan K. Laino 

Mas. W. H. McCallum 

Mrs. Charles W. Meab 

Mrs. Salmon C. Myers 

Mrs. Ira S. Pimm 

Mrs. Robooe M. Whits 



Executive Secretary and Associate Secre- 
taries of the Section 
Secretary of Missionary Education 
Secretary of Wesleyan Service Guild 
Editors, Publication and Business Man- 
ager, Circulation Manager and Secre- 
tary of Literature 

Ex Officio: 
Treasurer of the Woman's Division 



18 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Chairman of Committee on Spiritual Life 

Chairman of Committee on Literature and 
Publications 

Chairman of Committee on Status of 
Women 

Chairman of Committee on Supply Work 

One Executive Secretary from Department 
of Work in Foreign Fields 

One Executive Secretary from Depart- 
ment of Work in Home Fields 

Executive and Associate Secretaries from 
Department of Christian Social Rela- 
tions and Local Church Activities 

Coop ted: 
Jurisdiction Presidents 

EzeentiTe Committee 

Mbs. John M. Peaeson, Chairman 

Mas. Paul Arbincton 

Mrs. Habvbt F. Bkandt 

Mas. Fbank G. Bbooks 

Mbs. Alan K. Laing 

Mbs. W. H. McCallum 

Mrs. Chables W. Mead 

Mrs. Salmon C. Mtebs 

Mbs. Roscob M. White 

Staff who are members of Section 

Ex officio members 

Standinir Committee on Orgranization and 
Promotion 

Mrs. Roscob M. White, Chairman 

Mbs. Wsat Andrew 

Mrs. Feank G. Bbooks 
•Mrs. Sam T. Evans 

Mas. W. H. McCallum 

Mas. John M. Pearson 
•Mrs. Marcus F. Phillips 

Mbs. Iba S. Pimm 
*Me3. J. F. Rbntz 

Jurisdiction Secretaries of Promotion 

Executive Secretary of the Section 

Assistant to Executive Secretary 

Secretary of Promotion of the Standing 
Committee of the Wesleyan Service 
Guild 

Secretary of Visual Education 

Secretary of Field Cultivation 

Field Workers 

Ex Officio: 
Editor for the Committee 

Standing Committee on Missionary Edu- 
cation 

Mrs. Habvey F. Brandt, Chairman 

Mrs. Paul Arrincton 
•Mbs. G. W. Damebon 

Mbs. Geobge Dismukes 
•Mrs, Cecil P. Hardin 

Mas. Alan K. Laing 

Mas. Charles W. Mead 

Mbs. Salmon C. Myers 

Jurisdiction Secretaries of Missionary 
Education 

One Jurisdiction Secretary of Foreign 
Work 



One Jurisdiction Secretary of Home Work 
Secretary of Missionary Education 
Assistant to Secretary of Missionary Edu- 
cation 
Chairman of Missionary Education of the 
Standing Committee of the Wesleyan 
Service Guild 

Ex Officio: 
Chairman of Section 
Editor for the Committee 

Standing Committee on Student Work 

Mbs. Alan K. Laing, Chairman 
Mas. W. H. McCallum 
•Mrs. T. Otto Nall 
Mas. John M. Pearson 
Jurisdiction Secretaries of Student Work 
Secretary of Student Work 

Ex Officio: 

Editor for the Committee 

Standing Committee on Missionary Edaca- 
tion of Yonth 

Mas. Ira S. Pimm, Chairman 
Mrs. Wray Andrew 
Mas. Habvey F. Brandt 
•Mrs. Cecil P. Hardin 
Jurisdiction Secretaries of Youth Work 
Youth Work Member of Staff of Joint 

Department of Missionary Education 
Methodist Youth Fund Promotion Staff 

Member of Youth Department 
Secretary of Youth Work 

Ex Officio: 
Chairman of Section 
Editor for the Committee 

Standing Committee on Missionary Edu- 
cation of Children 

Mrs. Salmon C. Myers, Chairman 

Mrs. George Dismukes 

Mrs. R. M. White 

Jurisdiction Secretaries of Children's 

Work 
Children's Work Member of Staff of Joint 

Department of Missionary Education 
Secretary of Children's Work 

Ex Officio: 
Chairman of Section 
Editor for the Committee 

Committee on Financial Promotion 

Miss Marguerite Hajiris, Chairman 

Mrs. Paul Arrincton 
•Mrs. C. a. Barr 
•Mrs. Frank G. Bell 

Mas. Harvey F. Brandt 

Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 

Mas. Alan K. Laing 

Mas. John M. Peabson 

Miss Dobcas Hall 

Ex Officio: 
Editor for the Committee 



• Not a member of the Section of Education and Cultivation but, by action of the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service, a member of this committee for this quadrennium. 



Cooperative Committees and Commissions 



19 



Representatives on Cooperative Committees 
and Commissions 



Committee on Cooperation and 
Counsel with Board of Educa- 
tion — 

Mrs. Fsank G. Bbookb 
Mrs. Gbohgb W. Cabtek, Jr. 
Mrs. Fred C. Rbtnolds 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaveb 
Miss Muriel Dat 
Miss Dorothy Ntland 

Commission on Deaconess Work — 

Mrs. C. a. Barr 
Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 
Mrs Fred C. Rbtnolds 
The President of each Jurisdiction Wom- 
an's Societ}' of Christian Service 

Committee on Family Life — 

Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 
Miss Thklma Stevens 

Crusade Scholarship Committee — 

Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 
Miss Clara M. French 

Commission on Structure of Meth- 
odism Overseas — 

Miss Margarbt Billingslet 
Miss Lucile Colont 

Interboard Committee on Christian 
Vocations of The Methodist 
Church- 
Miss Helen L. Johnson 

Miss J. Marguerite Twinem 

Interstaff Consultative Committee 
with the Board of Hospitals 
and Homes — 

Miss Mart Lou Barnwell 

Miss Emma Bubrib 

Mrs. Mabel Garrett Waqner 

Interboard Committee on Mission- 
ary Education — 

Miss Dorcas Hall 
Miss Helen L. Johnson 
MiBS Ruby Van Hooseb 



Joint Committee on Missionary 
Personnel — 

Mrs. H. F. Brandt 
Mrs. Alan K. Laino 
Mrs. T. Otto Nall 
Mrs. John M. Pbarson 
Mrs. R. M. Whii» 

Ex Officio (with vote) 
Mrs. Frank G. Brooks 
Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaveb 
Mrs. Charles E. Wegneb 

Ex Officio (without vote) 

Miss Althahetta Leepeb 

Miss J. Marguerite Twinem 

Executive Secretaries of Department of 
Work in Home Fields, Department of 
Work in Foreign Fields, and Section 
of Education and Cultivation. 

Joint Committee on Religious Edu- 
cation in Foreign Fields — 

Mrs. J. Fount Tillman 
Mrs. Charles E. Weoneb 
Executive Secretaries, Department of 
Work in Foreign Fields. 

Methodist Committee for Overseas 
Relief— 

MiBS Marqaret Billinoslet 

Miss Clara M. French 

National Council of Churches of 
Christ in the U.S.A.— 

General Board: 

Mrs. Fbank G. Bbooks 
Mrs. C. C. Long 
Mrs. Charles W. Mead 
Mrs. Wallace N. Streeter 

Joint Commission on Missionary 
Education — 

Miss Juanita Brown 
Miss Henrietta Gibson 
Miss Dobcas Hau. 
Miss Helen L. Johnson 
Miss LnxuN Johnson 
Miss Dorothy McConnell 
Mrs. C. a. Meekeb 
Mrs. E. LeRot Stiffleb 
Miss Elizabeth Stinson 
Miss Rubt Van Hooseb 

Radio and Film Commission of The 
Methodist Church — 

Miss Dobcas Hall 



20 



Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 



Appointments of Missionaries in Foreign Fields 

* — on furlough; f— pre-retirement furlough; t^special term missionary; ()— national 



Africa 



ANGOLA CONFERENCE 
Luanda — 

Social-Evangelistic and Medical Work 
Ada Mae Bookman, R.N. 
fMarcia Hinds 

Quessua — 

Educational Work and Boarding Department 
fDoris Marie Bennett 
Violet Crandall 
tMary Lou Sprague 

Domestic Science 
Alpha Miller 

Medical Work 

Ruth Foster, R.N. 

Under Appointment — 

fAlberteen Ware 

BELGIAN CONGO— CENTRAL CONFERENCE 
Lodja — 

Educational Work and Girls' Home 

Lorena Kelly 

Sarah Reinecke 
I Ruth Ann Jones 
JMary Jane Curry 

Minga — 

Educational Work and Girls' Home 
Myrtle Zicafoose 

Medical Work 
*Chlora Dean, R.N. 
Ruth O'Toole, R.N. 

Tunda — 

Educational Work and Girls' Home 

fRosa Ulsh 
Medical Work 

Kathryn Eye, R.N. 

Translation Work 
Edith Martin 

Wembo Nyama — 

Educational Work and Girls' Home 

Ethel Homfeldt 
*Dorothy Rees 
•Annie Laura Winfrey 

Lorine Guess 

Medical Work 

Dorothy Gilbert, R.N. 
*Barbara Hartman 
Simone Van Ooteghem 

Mutoto — 

Union Secondary School 
Annimae White 

Studying in Brussels — 

Mary Elizabeth Bozeman 

BELGIAN CONGO— SOUTHERN 
CONFERENCE 
Elisabethville — 

Educational and Social-Evangelistic Work 
Dorothy Buser 
Celia Cowan 



Jane Crooks 

Catherine Parham 
jMarlene Harmon 
{janette O. Geiger 

Kapanga — 

Medical Work 

Tove Jensen, R.N. 
Educational Work 

Thelma Montgomery 

Mulungwishi — 

Educational Work 
jFlorence R. McKay 
t Elizabeth Ann Whyte 

Studying in Brussels — 

Dorothy Edith O'Neal, R.N. 

LIBERIA CONFERENCE 
Ganta — 

Medical Work 

Uniola Adams, R.N. 
E. Marie Hill, R.N. 
tMargaret M. Prentice, R.N. 

Monrovia — 

Hostel 

Sallie Lewis Browne 
*Marv Katharine Russell 
tMurlel C. Rnak 

Under Appointment — 

fBarbara C. Patterson 

MOZAMBIQUE CONFERENCE 
Gikuki— 

Hartzell Girls' School 
Mabel Michel 
Ruth Northcott 
Mary Jean Tennant 
fCharlotte Lewis 

Medical Work 

Clara Barthng, R.N. 
Karin Jonsson, R.N. 
Victoria Lang, R.N. 

NORTH AFRICA CONFERENCE 
Constantine — 

Gamble Memorial Home 

Gwendoline Narbeth 

Hannah Goodall Center 

fLois Likes 

tMary Ellen Furbush 

Fort National — 

Liv Larsen 
fNancy Lee Bhike 

II Maten — 

Emmy Gisler, R.N. 
Marguerite A. Wolff 
Laura Chevrin, R.N. 

Les Ouadhias — 

Social-Evangelistic and Medical Work 
Helen Manz, R.N. 



Appointments of Missionaries in Foreign Fields 



21 



Tunis — 

Social-Evangelistic Work 
t Jean deYampert 
Marjorie Lochhead 

SOUTHERN RHODESIA CONFERENCE 

Mutambara — 

Nellie Dingley School 

Marguerite Deyo 

Ila Scovill 
t Dorothy Hickok 
*Helen Emmert 
*Grace Otto 

RuR.\L Evangelism 
Lulu Tubbs 

Medical Work 

Ruth Lind, R.N. 

Nyadiri — 

Girls' Boarding School 
Sarah King 
Mildred Taylor 
•Vivian Otto 

Washburn Memorial Hospital 
Elma Ashby, R.N. 
Mrs. Pearl Willis Jones, R.N. 
Margit Johansson, R.N. 
Jennj' Larsen, R.N. 



Superintendent of District Schools 
Frances Hackler 

Conference Health Education 
Clara Nutting, M.D. 

Old Umtali— 

Fairfield Girls' School 
*Jessie Pfaff 
*Helen Wildermnth 
Signhild Hervold 

LlTEHATURE 

Beulah Reitz 
Medical Work 

Alice Whitney, R.N. 
Secondary School 

Edith Parks 

Esther J. Russell 

Teacher Training School 
Sylvia Aldrich 
Lois Pfaff 
Mildred Sawyer 

Umtali — 

African Girls' Hostel 

*Evel>'n deVries 
Social Evangelistic 
Marcia Ball 



India 



ALL-INDIA INSTITUTIONS 

Allahabad — 

Agricultural Institute 

Ajmer — 

Union Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Madar 
Lora I. Battin, R.N. 
Elizabeth Carlyle, R.N. 
t Margaret V. Johnston 

Jabalpur, M. P. — 

Leon-ard Theological College 
Dorothy Strong 
(Leela Jacob) 

Landour, Mussoorie, U. P. — 

Community Hospital 

Lucknow, U. P. — 

Isabella Thoburn College (Chand Bagh) 
t Marie Finger Bale 

Kathryn Barber 

Barbara Beecher 
tLulu Boles 

Marjorie Dimmitt 
JAva Hunt 

Florence Salzer 

Margaret Wallace 

Laura Williams 

(Dr. Evangeline Thillayampalam) 

Methodist Publishing House, 37 Cantonment 
Rd. 
Eunice Sluyter 

Madras — 

Women's Christian Colege 
Bertha Mae Corfield 
(R. Mukerjee) 

Nagpur, M. P. — 

National Christian Council 
Christian Council Lodge 



Vellore, North Arcot District, Madras State — 

Christian Medical College and Hospital 
Kathleen Norris, R.N. 

BENGAL CONFERENCE 

Asansol — 

District Evangelistic Work and Day Schools 

(Kumudini Mozumdar) 
Ushagram High School 
Irma Collins 

Calcutta — 

Girls' High School, 152 Dharamtala St. 
Vera Parks 
Irma Felchlia 

Bengali Evangelistic Work 
Frances Major 

Hindustani Evangelistic Work, 130 Dharamtala 
St. 
*Doris Welles 
Leb Memorial Mission, 13 Wellington Square 
(Smriti Das) 

Gomoh — 

Evangelistic Work and Day Schools 
(Kumudini Mozumdar) 

Pakur, S. P., Bihar 

Santali Evangelistic Work 

Mary Elizabeth Ferguson 
District Public Health 

Bjorg Naess (Norway) 
Jidato Co-educational High School 

(Premi Lee) 
Bengali Co-educational Middle School 

Ruth Eveland 



22 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



BOMBAY CONFERENCE 
Bombay — 

Hostel Manager, Marathi Evangelistic Work, 
AND Hostess House, 22 Club Back Rd., 
Byculla 
IJennie Blasdell 
Inteb-Mission Business Office, Box 92, Fort 

*Ruth Gish 
Social Work 

(Ivy Childs) 
Gujarati Evangelistic Work 
(Sumitraben Trikamlal) 

Dhulia-Sansamner — 

Suvarta Hospital, W. Kandesh, Bombay State 
Edith Lacy, M.D. (Rose Daniels, M.D.) 

Sangamner Evangelistic Work 

Naffpnr, M. P. — 

District Evangelistic Work 

Mecosa Bagh, Middle, Normal School and 
Hostel 
(Mary Damle) 

Poona — 

Huhchings Girls' High School, 7 Phayre Rd. 
±Mary Eide 

Marathi Literature, "Ivy Towers," Lawrence 
Rd. 
*Emma Stewart 
Ada Nelson 

Puntamba — 

Primary School and Girls' Hostel 

(Mrs. D. A. Francis) 
District Evangelistic and Adult Literacy 

Edna Holder 
Bowitn-Bruere Dispensary 

Talegaon, Bombay State — 

Ordblia Hillman Co-Educational Primary School 
and Hostel 
IS. Marie Corner 
(R. Kale) 

Kamalnagar, Bidar District 

Evangelistic Work 

Clara Kleiner (Switzerland) 
Mildred Wright 

Co-Educational Middle School 
Mildred Wright 

DELHI CONFERENCE 
Agra, U. P. — 

HoLMAN Institute 
Catherine Justin 

Aligarh, U. P.— 

Louise Soule Girls' School 

Ivy Theophilus 
Henry Martyn Schol of Islamics 
District Evangelistic Work 

(Agnes Shaw) 

Batala District — 

Evangelistic Work, Syal Cottage, Kahnuwan Rd., 
Gurdaspur, Punjab 
Lilly Swords 



Jullundur, East Punjab 

United Christian Schools 
*Marjorie Bowden 

Bulandshahr, U. P. — 

District Evangelistic Work 
*Pearl Palmer 
Lois Biddle 

Delhi— 

Bishop's Secretary, 12 Boulevard Rd. 

*Colleen Gilmore 
Public Relations 

*Esther Armstrong 

Butler Memorial School, 17 Boulevard Rd. 
Ella Perry 

District Evangelistic Work 
*Colleen Gilmore 

Ghaziabad, U. P. — 

Day School and Evangelistic Work, 252 Grand 
Trunk Rd. 

Letah Doyle 
Burgess Day Schoois 

ArDelia Robinson 
Ingeaham Institute and Hindi Day School 

Hissar, East Punjab — 

NuR Niwas School 

(Javitri Masili) 
Evangelistic and Village Schools 

Martha Coy 

Landonr, Mussoorie, U. P. — 

Language School Residence, Rokeby 
Letah Doyle 

Ludhiana, East Punjab — 

Christian Medical College 
Margaret Tucker, M.D. 

Mathura, U. P.— 

Blackstonb Missionary Institute 
District Evangelistic Work 
Carolyn Sohaefer 

Meerut, U. P. — 

Howard Plested Memorial Girls' Higher Second- 
ary School 
Mildred Shepherd 

Roorkee-Muzaffamagar — 

District Evangelistic and Village Schools, Roor- 
kee, U. P 
"Helen Buss 

Girls' School, Roorkee, U. P. 
(Dolly Mathews) 

Vrindaban, U. P. — 

Crhghton-Freeman Memorial Hospital and 
School of Nursing 
Mary A. Buchard, M.D. 
Eunice Porter, R.N. 
Elda Mae Barry, R.N. 
*Borghild Sorensen, R.N. (Norway) 
Maria Munkejord, R.N. (Norway) 

GUJARAT CONFERENCE 
Ahmedabad — 

City Evangelistic Work and Day Schools 
Pearl Palmer 



Appointments of Missionaries in Foreign Fields 



23 



Baroda Residency — 

Village Educational and Evanuelistic Work 
Florence Palmer 

Weed Memorial Hich School and Hostel 
JLaura Heist 
(Esther Desai) 

Public Health Work 

Elizabeth Overby, R.N. 
Butler Memorial Hospital 

Godhra, Panch Mehals — 

Normal and Practicing School 

Wanda Stahley 
Conference Literature and Literacy Work 

Elizabeth Fairbanks 

Nadiad, Kaira District — 

Village Educational and Evangelistic Work, 

Mission Rd. 
Pearl Precise 

Methodist Hospital, School of Nursing 
Theresa Lorenz, R.N. 
Myrtle Precise, R.N. 

School op Laboratory Technicians 
Hannah Gallagher 

HYDERABAD CONFERENCE 
Bidar, Deccan — 

Norma Fendeich Co-Educational Middle School 

Ada Luke 
Methodist Hospital and School of Nursing 

Florence Wright, R.N. 
District Evangelistic Work 

Pearl Bellinger 

Chidaguppa (use Bidar adress) — 
Evangelistic and Educational Work 
M. Andriah 

Daulatabad — 

Central Primary Boarding School 
Evangelistic Work 

Josephine Kriz (use Tandur address) 

Hyderabad, Deccan — 

Stanley Girls' High School 

Chanda Christdas 
Bishop's Secretary, Chapel Rd. 

*LaDoris Morgan 
Hindustani Evangelistic Work 

Amelia Daniel 
Telegu Evangelistic Work 

Tandur, Deccan — 

Central Primary Boarding School 
District Evangelistic Work, Methodist Mission 
Josephine Kriz 

Vikarabad, Deccan — 

Mary A. Knott Co- Educational Middle School 
(Padma Radiah) 

Evangelistic Work 

(Pushpa Solomon) 
Public Health Work 

Eunice LaRue, R.N. 



Zahecrabad, Deccan — 

Conference Vocational Co-Educational Middle 
School 

Evangelistic Work 
(Maria Venkiah) 

LUCKNOW CONFERENCE 
Allahabad, U. P.— 

Boys' Middle School 
(H. Roy) 

Arrah, Bihar 

Sawtelle Memorial School and Hostels 
JMaren Tirsgaard (Denmark) 
(Mrs. Edith Phillips) 

Ballia, Bihar— 

Evangelistic and Educational Work 

Adis Bobbins 
Rasra Boys' Hostel 

Adis Robbins 

Buxar, Bihar — 

Brides' School and Nursery School 

(Shanti Badri) 
Evangelistic and Educational Work, P. O., 
Gajadharganj 

Mabel Sheldon 

Public Health and Simri Village Center 
Meriel McCall, R.N. 

Gonda, U. P.— 

Chambers Memorial Co-Educational School 
(Martha Sahai) 

Kanpur, U. P. — 

Methodist High School 

Evelyn Strader 
*Mary Lou Reid 
*Sara Salisbury 

Mae Wiggins 

Hudson Memorial Co-educational Middle School 

(Gladys Walter) 
Evangelistic Work and Day Schools 

Lucknow, U. P. — 

Inter-Conference: Lal Bagh Girls' Higher 
Secondary School 
Edna Hutchens 
JLeila Jackson 
Elizabeth Hobart 
Janette Crawford 

Evangelistic Work 

Central Treasurer, Lal Bagh Methodist Church 

Bessie A. Hollows 
tEthel L. Whiting 
Nur-Manzil Psychiatric Center 
Frances Hindley 

Inter-Conference Program of Student Centered 
Activities — 

152 Dharamtala St., Calcutta 
Irene Wells 

MADHYA PRADESH (Central Provinces) 
CONFERENCE 
Baihar, Balaghat, M. P. — 

District Evangelistic Work 
Medical Work 

Louise Landon, R.N. 



24 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Middle Co-educational School and Hostel 
(Sarah Kashi Ram) 

Jabalpur, M. P — 

District Evangelistic Work 
Johnson Girls' High School 
(Anu Gadre) 

City Evangelistic Work, City School, Pili 
Kothi, 323 Napier Town 

Louise Campbell 
Training Institute for Women 

Marian Warner 

tNaomi Gleason 

(Zillali Soule) 

Jaedalpur. Bastar State, M. P. — 

District Evangelistic and Educational Work, 
Hostel and Medical Work 
*Helen Fehr 

Alderman Co- Educational Middle School 
(Sliantoshini Das) 

Khandwa, M. P.— 

City and District Evangelistic and Educational 
Work 

Ida Klingeberger 
Girls' Middle School 

(Shoroju Bose) 
Christian Normal School 

(Agnes Judah) 

Narsingpur, M. P. — 

District Evangelistic Work 

Sironcha, M. P. — 

City and District Evangelistic Work 
Mary Elizabeth Williams 

F. C. Davis School 
Classon Memorial Hospital 
(Jaya Luke, M.D.) 

Venketapur, M. P. — 

Evangelistic Work and Village Schools 

NORTH INDIA CONFERENCE 
Almora, U. P.— 

Adams Girls' High School 
Ruth Cox 
Una Mann 
(Irene Sant Masih) 

District Evangelistic Work, Dangoli 
Charlotte Westrup 

Bareilly, U. P.— 

District Evangelistic Work 

Grace Bates 
Conference Evangelist 

Helene Time 
Girls' Middle School 
JRuth Warrington 

(Ribqah Benjamin) 

Warne Baby Fold 

Maude Nelson, R.N. 
Hildegard Grams (Germany) 

Clara Swain Hospital, School of Nursing, and 
School of Laboratory Technicians 
Mildred Althouse 
Mary Gordon, R.N. 



Bijnor. U. P.— 

Evangfxistic Work 
+Ruth Hoath 
*Jean Cale, R.N. 
Marietta Mansfield 
Lois Lee Parker Girls' School 
(Piyari Phillips) 
Budaun, U. P. — 
Evangelistic Work 

Gladys Webb 
SiGLER Girls' School 

(Dora Walters) 
Primary School for Boys 
Arts and Crafts 
Garhwah, U. P.— 

Evangelistic Work, Pauri 
Mary Ensign Gill School, Gandoli, Pauri 
Betty Penn 

Pithoragarh, U. P. — 

Evangelistic Work 

Martha Shelby 
Lucy Sullivan Girls' School 

(Gladys Richards) 

Moradabad, U. P.— 

Evangelistic and Educational Work 
*Ethel Calkins 
Gladys Doyle 

Girls' Middle and Normal Schools 

Edna Bradley 
Titus Basic School 
Shahjahanpur-Sitapur, U. P. — 

Evangelistic Work 
(Persia Stephens) 

BiDWELL Memorial Girls' School, Shahjahanpur, 

U. P. 
{Nellie West 

Ann Tillou 
Methodist Girls' School, Sitapur, U. P. 

(Miss Francis) 
Boys' Primary School, Sitapur, U. P. 

Grace Hoimell 
All-India Accounting Seminars 

Mildred Albertson 

SOUTH INDIA CONFERENCE 

Bangalore — 

Baldwin Girls' High School 
(Edith DeLima) 

Belgaum, Bombay State — 

Evangelistic Work and Village Schools 

Virginia Baldwin 
Sherman School for Girls 

Alta Griffin 

Vanita Vidyalaya High School and Watson 
Schools 
Ruth Daniels 
(Chandrika Desai) 

Fales Health Center, Devarshigihalli 
(Maria Selvanayagam, M. D.) 
Gokak — 

Village Schools 
Evangelistic Work 
Dhtipdal School and Hostel 



Appointments o£ Missionaries in Foreign Fields 



25 



Gulbarga, Dcccan 

vljaya vidyalaya co-educational high school 
Shanti Sadan Hostel 
(Sundra Edwards) 
J Emma Rexroth 

Evangelistic Work 
JEmma Rexroth 
(Sundra Edwards) 

Kolar, Mysore State — 

Ellen T. Cowan Memorial Hospital and School 

OF NuRSINa 

Esther Shoemaker, M.D. 
Wine Huitema, M. D. (Holland) 
Ruby Hobson, R.N. 
*Joy Anderson, R.N. 
Maxine Coleman 

Co-educational High School 

(Olive James) 
Evangelistic Work 

(Sister Annamma Daniel) 
Boarding School 

Madras — 

St. Christopher's Training College, Vepery 
Nursery Training Center and Schools, Vepery 
*Joy Comstock 
(Getsie Samuel) 

Raichur, Deccan — 

Evangelistic Work and Day Schools 

Louise Saladin 
Co-educational School and Hostel 

(Elizabeth James) 
Training School for Village Workers 

Ollie Leavitt 
Sirwa Health Center 

Shorapur, Yadgiri District, Deccan — 

Evangelistic Work and Middle School 

Marguerite Bugby 
Primary Boarding School 

(B. Mary Ratnam) 
Chamanaal Health Center 

(Mrs, Naomi Samuel) 

Yadgiri, Taluq, Deccan — 

Yellari Dispensary and Health Center 
Eva Logue, R. N. 
(Deena Senna, M.D.) 



Evangelistic Work 

Marguerite Bugby (use Shorapur address) 
Yadgiri Hospital 



Pakistan 



Lahore — 

Lucie Harrison Girls' High School, 15 Warris 
Rd. 
Margaret Boss 
Mary Winn 
(Mabel Dean) 

KiNNAiRD College for Women 

(Prebala Mangat Rai) 

Elsie Reik 

Helen Ferris 
jMargaret Jean Robe 

Ruth Wolfe 
KiNNAiRD Teacher Training Center 
Evangelistic Work 

Anna Buyers, R.N. 

{Evelyn Weaver 

Raewind Primary Boys' School 
United Christian Hospital 
Public Health 

Anna Buyers, R.N. 

Multan — 

Conference Health Work 

Anna Buyers, R.N. (use 15 Warris Rd.) 
Evangelistic Work and Village Schools 
Stuntzabad School 
Rural Health Work and Dispensary 

Sind-Balukistan — 

Drigh Road Day School 

Karachi — 

Girls' High School 

Methodist Institute, 74 Garden Rd. 

Constance Blackstock 

Earline Hart 
tWynell Jordan 



Nepal 



Kathmandu — 

Medical Mission 

Laboratory Technician 
Eunice Stephens 



Japan and Korea 



JAPAN 
Beppu — 

Social Evangelistic Work 
Alberta Tarr 

Fukuoka — 

Kindergarten, Evangelistic and Social Work 
Helen Boyles 
Dorotliy Croskey 
lAda McQuie 

Fukuoka Girls' School 

Enrollment: 1,292 
Miss Yoshi Tokunaga, Principal 
Elizabeth Howell 
Jenny Lind 



Hakodate — 

Iai Girls' Junior and Senior High School 
Enrollment: 751 
Mr. Nobuyoshi Obata, Principal 
S. Rebecca Giles 
*G!oria Jean Reed 
Rose Waldron 

Hirosaki — 

Seiai Jo Gakko (Girls' Junior and Senior High 
School) 

Enrollment: 1,244 
Mr. Shinshi Oda, Principal 
Blanche Brittain 
Gertrude Byler 
Maud Parsons 



26 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Area Evangelistic Work 

Gertrude Byler 
Kindergarten Work 

Gertrude Byler 

Hiroshima — 

FuKusHiMA Social-Evangelistic Center 
Mary Jones 

Hiroshima Gakuin (Junior and Senior High 
School) 

Enrollment: 1,205 
Miss Hamako Hirose, President 
*Myra Anderson 
Mary Bedell 
tLois Cooper 
♦Doris Hartman 
tRae Beth Parrott 

Hiroshima Woman's College 

Enrollment : Junior College, 175 
Senior College, 202 
Miss Hamako Hirose, President 
Charlotte Alston 
Mary Finch 
*Mary McMillan 

Kagroshima — 

Kindergarten and Soctal-Evangelistic Work 
Margery Mayer 

Kawakami Mura, Shikoku — 

Rural Evangelistic Work 
Eleanor Warne 

Kitsuki-Oita Ken — 

Evangelistic Work 
tManie C. Towson 

Kobe— 

Keimei Girls School 

Mr. Masahisa Tobita, President 
fAddie K. Chamberlain 

Palmorb Institute 

Mr. James T. Ishii, Principal 
tMay Elizabeth Westfall 

Christian Youth Center 

*Gertrude Feely 
Area Church Camp 

*Gertrude Feely 

Language School 
Marie McLain 
Margaret Maiden 

Kofu— 

Evangelistic Work 
Alice Boyer 
Kumamoto — 

Evangelistic Work 
Iris C. Allum 

Nagasaki — 

KwASSUi Junior College, Junior and Senior 
High School 

Enrollment : Junior and Senior 

High School, 898 
Junior College, 443 
Caroline S. Pecklmm, Principal 
Ethel Bost 
Olive Curry 
JAlice Jefferson 
t Joyce Koch 
Helen Moore 
Elizabeth Tennant 



Nishinomiya — 

Seiwa Joshi Gakuin (Training School for kin- 
dergarten teachers and religious education 
workers) 

Enrollment: 171 

Mabel Whitehead, Principal 
*Mary Elizabeth Eads 
Pearl McCain 
Anne Peavy 

Onomishi (Hiroshima Ken) — 

Evangelistic Work 
Elizabeth Bandel 

Osaka — 

Seiwa Shakai Kwan (Social Center) 
Sallie E. Carroll 

Tokyo — 

AiKEi Gakubn (Social Evangelistic Center) 
Mildred Anne Paine 
Esther Selvey 

Aotama Gakuin 

Enrollment: College, 4,181 

Junior College, 872 

Junior and Senior 

High School, 2,113 
Primary School, 568 
Graduate School, 63 

Dr. Minora Toyoda, President 
Barbara Bailey 
Alice Cheney 
Pearl B. Fosnot 
Mary Belle Oldridge 
fKathleen Register 

Japan International Christian University 
Enrollment: 492 

Tokyo Woman's Christian College 
Enrollment: 1,146 

Dr. Sadaji Takogi, President 
J Marie Adams 

Union Theological Seminary 

Dr. Hidenobu Kuwada, President 
Mary Belle Oldridge (Part time) 

Audio Visual Aids Commission (AVACO) 

Evangelism for the Blind 

Church School Department of the National 

Christian Council 
Keisen Jo Gakuin 

National Christian Education Association 
Religious Education Curriculum 
Woman's Family Life Commission 
Language School 

Elizabeth Clarke 

Lucy Dail 

Anna Givens 

Mary Foster 

Martha Meek 

Geneva Morris 

Sapporo-ken — Hakkaido — 

NoppoRO Rural Project 
Hazel Rippey 

Tsuyazaki — 

Rural Evangelistic Center 
Alice Hitchcock 



Appointments of Missionaries in Foreign Fields 



27 



Yokohama — 

Skidi Gakuen (Gills' Junior and Senior High 
School and Primary School) 

Enrollment: 1,238 
Rev. Kiyoshi Otake, Principal 
Alice Alsup 
Helen Barns 
tEveljTi AVolfe 

Yokosuka — 

YoKOSUKA Gakuen 

Dr. Kei Takebe, Principal 



Chunan — 

District Evangelistic Work and Day Schools 

Inchon — 

Community Center 
Maude Goff 

Evangelistic Work 

Methodist Hospital 

Dr. S. P. Kang, Superintendent 
Barbara Moss, M.D. 

Public Health and Welfare Work 
Barbara Moss, M.D. 

YoNG Wha Girls' School 
Enrollment : 768 
Mr. Hong Soo Ryn, Principal 

Kangnung — 

Evangelistic Work 

Mrs. Irene T. Swinney 
Clinic and Language Study 

Marian Kingsley 

Kaesong: — 

Evangelistic Work 
iBertha Smith 

Kongju — 
Baby Fold 

Olive Ratliff, R.N. 

Pusan — 

Community Center 

Mollie Townsend, R.N. 

t Esther Stoffer 

Public Health and Evangelistic Work 
Helen Rosser 

Seoul— 

Christian Literature Society 
Coordinator of Mission Schools 

Emma Wilson 
NCC Literacy Program 

Edith Simester 
Christian Family Life Program 

Clara Howard 

Board of Religious Education of the Korean 
Methodist Church 

Radio, Visual Education and Mass Communica- 
tion Station 

Evangelistic Work 
Kate Cooper 



Methodist Seminary 

Rev. Harold Hong, President 
Sadie Maude Moore 
tElsie Stockton 

Special Department, Methodist Seminary 
Kate Cooper 

EwHA College 

Enrollment: 3,935 

Dr. Helen Kim, President 

Marion Conrow 
tKathleen Crane 

Frances Fulton 
t Dorothy Hubbard 

EwHA High School 

Enrollment: 2,777 

Mr. Pong Cho Shin, Principal 
tBetty Blom 

Evi'HA Kindergarten 

Pai Wha Girls' School 
Enrollment: 1,260 

Mrs. Soo Chin Kim, Principal 
fEmma Nell Wayland 

PoHAY Quan (Community Center) 

Euline Smith Weems 
Severance Hospital 

Dr. M. S. Kim, Superintendent 
Thelma Maw 
*Florence Piper, R.N. 
fFaith Whitaker, Laboratory Technician 

Severance Nurses' Training School 
Tai Wha Christian Community Center 
Peggy Billings 
fjane Stuntz 

Treasurer for the Woman's Division 

Euline Smith Weems 
Evangelistic Work (2 Districts) 

Euline Smith Weems 
MCOR 

Mrs. Anna B. Chaffin 

Marion Shaw, R.N. 

Office Work 

tChasteen Shine 
Language Study 

Vivian Gledhill, R.N. 

Ruth Stewart 

Suwon — 

Mae Hyang Girls' School 

Enrollment : 516 
Mr. Chin Han Ham, Principal 
Evangelistic Work 

Taejon— 

Community Center 

Esther Laird, R.N. 
Evangelistic Work 

Bessie Oliver 
HoLSTON Girls' School 
Enrollment: 418 
Mr. Ki Sun Kang, Principal 
■[Marilyn Terry 

Kindergarten Training School 
Clara Howard 



28 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Public Health Work 
Olive Ratliff, R.N. 

Wonju — 

District Evangelistic Work 
Rural Public Health Work 



Inchon 

Evangelistic Work 
Yang Chung Girls' School 
Enrollment : 451 
Rev. Dong Ok Kiin, Principal 



Latin America 



ARGENTINA 

Buenos Aires — 

Union Theological Seminary, Camacua 282 
Josephine Abranis 
Patricia Woodruff 

Rosario — 

CoLEGio Americano, Av. Pellegrini 1352 
t Margery Jane Miller 
Patricia Richardson 
"Helen Safstrom 

BOLIVIA 
La Paz — 

Rural Work, Cajon 9 
Vu'ginia Bunn 

NORTH BRAZIL 
Belo Horizonte — 

Colegio Isabela Hendrix 

t Helen Jeanne Denney 

Verda Farrar 
fDoretta Fuhs 

Ruth M. McKinney 

Zula Terry 

Rio de Janeiro — 

Colegio Bennett, Marques de Abrantes 55 
Sarah Dawsey 
tidabelle Lewis Main 

People's Central Institute, Rua Rivadavia 
Correa 188 
Mary Bowden 
t Joyce Fox 
Mary McSwain 
Elsie L. Parker 

Rural Work in North Brazil — 

Gladys Oberlin 

Special Appointment — 

Anita Harris 

CENTRAL BRAZIL 
Piracicaba — 

Colegio Piracicabano 
Frances Bowden 
Irene Hesselgesser 

Sao Paulo — 

Instituto Metodista, Caixa 12681, Santo Amaro, 
S. P. (via Sao Paulo) 
Sarah Bennett 
Frances Burns 
jBeverly Chain 
jjoy Little 

General Board of Christian Education, Predio 
Jahu Apartmento 304, Largo da Polvora 96 
Rosalie Brown 



Religious Education Work, 
Sao Paulo 
Rosalie Jenkins 



Central Church of 



SOUTH BRAZIL 
Porto Alegre — 

Colegio Americano, Rua Dr. Laura de Oliveira 71 
Mary Helen Clark 
fEmma Helen Stewart 

Passo Fundo, R. G. do Sul— 

Hospital de Caridade 
Joy Betts 

Santa Maria — 

Colegio Centenario 

Louise Best 

Alice Denison 

Florence Ford 

CHILE 
Angol — 
El Vergel 

Semeramis C. Kutz 
Rural Work 

Ann Ragsdale 

CUBA MISSION 
Cienfucgos — 

Colegio Eliza Bowman, Apartado 66 
*Katherine M. Donahue 
Joyce Hill 
Esther Hulbert 
Mattie Lou Neal 
Mary Woodward 

Havana — 

Colegio Buenavista, Apartado No. 5, Marianao 
Lorraine Buck 
Jlone Clay 
Agnes Malloy 

Student and District Work, Centro Universi- 
tario, K y 25, Vedado 
Virginia Chapman 
flmogene Elswick 

Santa Rosa — 

Rural Work, Apartado 105, Jovellunos 
Leora Shanks 

Matanzas — 

Union Theological Seminary, Apartado 149 

Lois Davidson 
Colegio Irene Toland 

(Nize Fernandez) 
*Elizabeth Earnest 

Juanita Kelly 

Jimmie Shackleford 

Preston, Oriente — 

Escuela Agricola y Industrial 
Elizabeth Beale, R.N. 
tCarol English 

Omaja, Oriente — 

Rural Work 

Sara Fernandez 

Herradura-Pinar del Rio — 

Social Work 
Frances Gal)y 



Appointments of Missionaries in Foreign Fields 



29 



Baguanos, Oriente — 

lluRAL Work 
Eulalia Cook 

MEXICO 
FRONTIER CONFERENCE 
Chihuahua — 

Cextro Cristiano, Apartado 50 
JEmma Eldridge 

Olive Givin 
*M. Irene Nixon 

Faiths Richardson 

Sanatorio Paumore 

Olivia Dickhaut, R.N. 
Lorena Foster, R.N. 
*Pearl Hall, R.N. 
Lulu Rawls, R.N. 

COLEGIO PaLMORE 

Student Hostel, Calle 12, No. 1630 
*May B. Seal 

Durangro — 

Centro McDonnel, Juarez 200 Ute. 

Ruth Byerly 
CoLEGio McDonnel 

(Estela C. de Moreno) 

Saltillo — 

Centro Social Roberts, Victoria 307 
(Dolores Gomez) 
fMargaret Wade Campbell 

Monterrey — 

Centro Social, Apartado 446 
*Anna Belle Dyck 
Helen Hodgson 

Instituto Laurens, Washington 208 Ote. 

Dora Schmidt 
Public Health, Villa de Santiago, N. L. 

Pauline Willingham, R. N. 

General Teran — 

Rural Work 

Anne Deavour.? 

Reynosa — 

Social-Evangelistic Work 
(Gertrudis Rejes) 

CENTRAL CONFERENCE 
Mexico City — 

Deaconess Training School, Sadi Carnot, 73 
Gertrude Arbogast 
Ruth Warner 



Internado Laura Temple, Colegio Sara Alarcon, 
Mariano Escobedo 291, Colonia Anahuac, 
D. F. 

Iva Conner 

Betty Jean Lewis 

Orlene McKimniey 

Religious Education, Apartado 26203 
Mary SantilLan 

Pachuca — 

Colegio Hijas de Allende 
(Manuela A. Vargas) 
Puebla — 

Student Hostel, Apartado 157 
Ola E. Callahan 
Clara Gibson 
fMary Emilia Weber 

Instituto Normal Mexico 
(Angela Lozano) 

Cortazar — 

Evangelistic Work, 1. Ramirez No. 7 
Mamie Baird 

Guanajuato — 

Colegio Juarez 

PERU 
Lima — 

Lima High School, Apartado 2144 
tJanet M. Evans 

Mary Helen Games 

Christine Hackman 

Jane Hahne 
*Naomi Hare 

Mabel Lorah 

Opal Meier 

Treva Overholt 

Dorothy Sandfort 
tGrace SpradlLng 

La Florida Social Center 
Martha Vanderberg 

Callao— 

Callao High School, Apartado 240 
Ella Greve 

URUGUAY 
Montevideo — 

Crandon Institute, Casilla de Correa 445 
Patsy Alexander 
Thelma Cooley 
Lois Finke 
Alvema Koch 
Dorothy Nelson 
fNathalee Pennington 
I Carol Piatt 
Malvin Social Center 



Southeast Asia and China 



BURMA 

Kalaw — 

Kingswood School 
Maurine Cavett 
fPatricia Clark 

Rangoon — 

Burmese Work 

Stella Ebersole 
Conference Religious Education 

tElizabeth Callis 
Conference Music Director 

fJeanne Wintringham 



English School 

(Mrs. G. M. Logie) 
tElizabeth Richey 

Social-Evangelistic Work 
Chinese 

Orvia A. Proctor 
Hazel Winslow 

Treasurer and Correspondent 
Hazel Winslow 

Pending Appointment — 

*Etha Nagler 



30 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



HONG KONG 

Business Office 
Myrtle Smith 

SOCIAL-EVANGEUSTIC WoRK 

Myrtle Smith 

INDONESIA 

Medan — 

Batak Work 
Bible School 

Gusta Rol)inett 
Chinese High School 
Educational Work 

Jessie Wolcott 
Evangelistic Work 

Gusta Robinett 
Treasurer and Correspondent 

Gusta Robinett 

MALAYA 
Ipoh — 

Anglo-Chinese Girls' School 
(Daisy Moreira) 
Marion. Cole 
fMary Barkes 

Methodist Girls' Afternoon School 
(Mrs. Khoo Kam Saw Tuan) 

Kuala Lumpur — 

Conference Woman's Work 

Helen Loomis 
Methodist Girls' School 

Laura Schleman 
tCaroline Plank 

Methodist Girls' Afternoon School 
(Mrs. Evelyn Chan Voltz) 
t Frances Way 

Malacca — 

Malay Hostel 

Methodist Girls' Continuation School 
(Mrs. Loh Hung Loom) 
tRuth Thompson 

Methodist Girls' School 
(Mrs. Loh Hung Loon) 
Helen Desjardins 
tRuth Thompson 

Shellabear Hall 
Miriam Gruber 

Penang — 

Anglo-Chinese Girls' School 
*Kathleen Clancy 

Ann L. Harder 
fCarolee Little 

Margaret Seeck 

Methodist Girls' Afternoon School 
(Madame Goh Siew Choo) 

Raub— 

Methodist Girls' School 
A. Mabel Mitchell 

Singapore — 

Fairfield Girls' School 

(Mrs. Lim Bock Kee) 
Fairfield Girls' Afternoon School 

(Mrs. Goh Soon Ho) 



HiNGHWA Church 

Ellen Suffern 
Malayan Christian Council 

Literature and Evangelistic Work 
Mabel R. Nowlin 
Methodist Bookroom 
Methodist Girls' Hostel 

(Miss Dorothy Hsu) 
Methodist Girls' School 

(Mrs. Ellice Handy) 
tMartha Hessell 

Methodist Girls' Afternoon School 

(Miss Dorothy Hsu) 
Straits Chinese Methodist Church 

Mathilde Killingsworth 
Treasurer and Official Corbespondent 
*Mary A. Blackford 

Mathilde Killingsworth 

Trinity College 
Florence W. Smith 

Sitiawan — 

Anglo-Chinese School 

Ruth Parks 
New Villages 

Alma Eriksen, R.N. 

Evelyn Mercer 

Social and Clinic Work 

Alma Eriksen, R.N. 
Social-Evangelistic Work 

Evelyn Mercer 

Taiping — 

Girls' Hostel 

jRosalie Fritz 
Lady Treacher Girls' School 
(Flora R. Knight) 
Louise Killingsworth 

Rest Home 

Mechteld Dirksen, R.N. 
Social-Evangelistic Work 

Mechteld Dirksen, R.N. 

SARAWAK 

in Borneo 
Sibu— 

Evangelistic Work — Citj' and District 
Martha Graf 
Martha McCutclien 
tAnnie Pittman 

GiKLs' Hostel 

tEllen Atkinson 
High School 

tEllen Atkinson 
Public Health Work 
Emma Palm, R.N. 
Theological School 
(Ivy Chou) 

Special Appointments — 

Irma Highbaugh — Allocated to International Mis- 
sionary Council for work in Home and Family 
Life in Asia. 

Ellen M. Studley— Allocated to United Board for 
Christian Colleges in China for work in Chinese 
Student and Alumni Services in U. S. A. 



Appointments of Missionaries in Foreign Fields 



31 



PHILIPPINES 



Baguio— 

Rest Home 



Bayombongr — 

Agricultdral Extension Work 
t Jane Williams 

NCEVA VlSCAYA— ISABELA DISTRICTS 

Thelma Hammond 

Lingayen — 

Dormitory for Girls 

(Isabel Garcia) 
Pangasinan District 

Dana Tyson (Language Study) 

Manila — 

Christian Literature 
Doris Hess 

Friendship Hall (Girl's Dormitory for Students 
of the University of the Philippines) 
Madaleine Klepper 
(Maria Aquino Gonzales) 

Harris Memorial School 
(Prudencia L. Fabro) 
Leila Dingle 
Elizabeth Johannaber 

Home and Family Life Department of the Phil- 
ippine Federation of Christian Churches 
*Ortha Lane 

Manila and Bulacan Districts 

Elizabeth Johannaber 
Mary Johnston Hospital and School of Nursing 

(Librada Javalera) 
*Frances Culley, R.N. 

Elston Rowland, R.N. 

Methodist Social Center 
Madaleine Klepper 
tRuth Ward 

Official Correspondent 
Doris Hess 

Philippine Christian Colleges 
Ovidia Hansing 



Student Work in Colleges 
Trfj\surer 

Mrs. Sallie B. Masten 

Mindanao — 

Evangelistic Work 
Carol Moe 

Mobile Clinic 

San Fernando, Pampanga — 

Pampanga— South Tarlac Districts 
jSybil Casbeer 
T Beverly Jackson 
JNina Stallings 

RuR-AL Center 
tNina Stallings 

San Mateo — 

Conference Youth and Music Work 

Betty Rogers 
EvELAND Memorial Academy 

IRuth Atkins 
North-South Cagayan Districts 

IRuth Atkins 
Rural Mobile Clinic 
(Josefina Cabanilla) 
*Fannie Dewar 

Tarlac City — 

NuEVA EciJA — North Tarlac Districts 

Marion Walker 
Methodist Dormitory 

Marion Walker 

Tuguegarao — 

Student Center 
(Avenida Jose) 

Vigan, IIocos Sur — 

Dudley Hall (Girls' Dormitory) 

(Saturnina Lara) 
Ilocos Sub-Central Luzon Districts 

Carol Moe 



t Special term. 

* Regular furlough. 

t Pre-retirement furlough. 

( ) Nationals in charge of work. 



NOW THIRTY COUNTRIES 


The Woman's Division of Christian Service has work in 


the following thirty countries : 


Algeria Burma Liberia 
Angola Chile Malaya 
Argentina *China Mexico 
Belgian Congo Cuba Mozambique 
Bolivia Dominican Republic Nepal 
Borneo India Pakistan 
Brazil Japan Peru 
'Bulgaria Korea Philippines 


♦Poland 

Southern Rhodesia 

Sumatra 

Tunisia 

United States and Territo- 
ries: Alaska, Hawaii, 
Puerto Rico 

Uruguay 


The Department of Work in Home Fields administers the 
territories plus the Dominican Republic. 

The Department of Work in Foreign Fields administers 
eight countries. 


work in the United States and 
the work in the other twenty- 


*Indicates countries from which no reports are received. 





32 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

FOREIGN MISSIONARIES— ACTIVE 

November 1, 1955 
(Field addresses are given on list of appointments.) 

Name Conference Address 

Abrams, Josephine S Western North Carolina Camacua 282, Buenos Aires, Argentina 

Adams, Marie North Indiana 124 logi Sanchome, Suginamiku, Tokyo, Japan 

Adams, Uniola, R.N Texas Methodist Mission, Ganta (via Monrovia), Liberia, Africa 

tAddington, Patsy Pacific Northwest 3 Museum Rd., Taiping, Malaya 

Albertson, Mildred Nebraska Methodist Mission, Pithoragarh, India 

Aldrich, Sylvia Michigan Old Umtali, P. B. P., 24 Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Alexander, Patsy Ruth Louisiana Crandon Institute, Casilla de Correa, 445, 

Montevideo, Uruguay 
Allum, Iria Dakota 351 Oye Machi Moto, Kumamoto, Japan 

t Alston, Charlotte North Carolina Hiroshima Jo Gakuin, Hiroshima, Japan 

Alsup, Alica Central Texas 124 Maita Machi, Naka-Ku, Yokohama, Japan 

Althouse, Mildred L California Clara Swain Hospital, Bareilly U. P., India 

Anderson, Joy Learue, R.N South Carolina Ellen T. Cowan Hospital, Kolar, Mysore State, India 

Anderson, Myra Pauline South Carolina Hiroshima Jo Gakuin, Kami Nagare Kawa Cho, 

Hiroshima, Japan 
Arbogaat, Gertrude, R.N Rock River Sadi Carnot 73, Mexico 4, D. F., Mexico 

tArmstrong, Esther North Iowa 17 Boulevard Rd., Delhi, India 

Ashby, Elma, R.N Louisiana Nyadiri, P. B. 636, E. Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Atkins, Ruth E Minnesota San Mateo, Isabela, Philippines 

tAtkinson, Ellen Baltimore Methodist Mission, Sibu, Sarawak, Borneo 

Bailey, Barbara Kansas 11 Konno-cho, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan 

tBailey, Henrietta California-Nevada Caixa 68, Luanda, Angola, Africa 

Baird, Mamie Michigan 1 Ramirez No. 7, Cortazar, Gto, Mexico 

Baldwin, Virginia North-East Ohio Belgaum, B. P., India 

fBale, Marie Finger Wisconsin Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, U. P., India 

Ball Marcia-Mary Rock River African Girls' Hostel, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Bandel, Myrtle Elizabeth Baltimore c/o Takisaki Tatsumi, 12 Toyohimachi, Onomichi, 

Hiroshima Ken, Japan 
Barber, Kathryan Indiana Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, U. P., India 

fBarkes, Mary Carolyn Rock River 4 Kampur Rd., Ipoh, Perak, Malaya 

Barns, Helen V Newark 124 Maita Machi, Minami-ku, Yokohama, Japan 

Barry, Elda Mae, R.N Kansas. .Creighton-Freeman Memorial Hospital, Vrindaban, U. P., India 

Bartling, Clara J., R.N Pacific Northwest Box 41, Inhambane, Mozambique, Africa 

Bates, Grace lowa-Des Moines Methodist Mission, Bareilly, U. P., India 

Battin, Lora I., R.N Illinois Madar Union Sanatorium, Madar, Ajmer, India 

Beale, Elizabeth S., R.N New York Escuela Agricola e Industrial, Preston, Oriente, Cuba 

JBecker, Gertrude Dakota Colman, S. Dak. 

Bedell, Mary Pacific Northwest Hiroshima Jo Gakuin, Hiroshima, Japan 

Beecher, Barbara North Indiana Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, India 

Bellinger, Pearl Lexington Methodist Mission, Bidar, Deccan, India 

tBennett, Doris M Central Texas Caixa 9, Malange, Angola, West Africa 

Bennett, Sarah Mississippi Instituto Metodista, Caixa 12681, Santo Amaro 

(via Sao Paulo), Brazil 

Best, Louise South Carolina Colegio Centenario, Santa Maria, 

Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil 

Betts, Joy, R.N ; Western North Carolina Colegio Americano, Rua Dr., Lauro de 

Oliveria 71, Porto Alegre, Brazil 

Biddle, Lois Central Penn.?ylvania Methodist Mission, Bulandshahr, U. P., India 

Bigelow, Frances W Colorado Casilla de Correo 445, Montevideo, Uruguay 

Billings, Peggy Mississippi Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 
Billingsley, Margaret Southern Calf iornia- Arizona 150 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, N. Y. 

JBlack, Nannie South Carolina 125 Broad St., Sumter, S. C. 

Blackford, Mary St. Louis Methodist Headquarters, Box 483, Singapore, Malaya 

Blackstock, Constance Philadelphia 74 Garden Rd., Karachi, Pakistan 

fBlake, Nancy Lee North-East Ohio Methodist Mission, Fort National, Algeria, N. Africa 

Blasdell, Jennie Erie 22 Club Back Rd., BycuUa, Bombay, India 

tBlom, Betty Detroit Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

JBoles, Lulu Texas c/o Mrs. William Landis, 4538 59th St., San Diego, Calif. 

Bonorden, Ruth Southwest Texas Methodist Mission, Quessua, Malange, Angola 

Bookman, Ada Mae, R.N Virginia Luanda, CaLxa 68, Angola, West Africa 

Boss, Margaret Elizabeth Holston 12 Warris Rd., Lahore, Pakistan 

Bost, Ethel W Western North Carolina Kwassui Junior College, 12 Higashi 

Yamate dori, Nagasaki Shi, Japan 

tBowden, Marjorie North Arkansas Woodstock School, Landour, Mussoorie, U. P., India 

Bowden, Mary Elizabeth Central Texas Rua Rivadavis, Correa 188, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

Bowden, Sarah Frances Central Texas Colegio Piracicabano, Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil 

Boyde, Mary L Pittsburgh Almora Sanatorium, Almora, U. P., India 

Boyer, Alice Philadelphia 2148 I.se Machi, Kofu, Yamanashi Ken, Japan 

Boyles, Helen Ohio 42 Nishi Yohano-cho, Fukuoka, Japan 

Bozeman, Marv Elizabeth Mississippi. .Hotel des Colonies, 6-8 Rue des Croisades, Brussels, Belgium 

Bradley, Edna Irene Genesee Methodist Girls' School, Moradabad, India 



Key: tPre-retirement. ULeave of Absence. fSpecial Term. *0n Furlough. 



Foreign Missionaries — Active 33 

Name Conference Addrkss 

Brittain, Blanclie Southern California-Arizona 9 Naka Kawarage Cho, Hirosaki, 

Aomori Ken, Japan 

Brown, Rosalie S South Carolina Predio Jahu Apartmento 304, Largo da Polvora 96, 

Sao Paulo, Brazil 

Browne, Sallie Lewis Virginia College of West Africa, Monrovia, Liberia, West Africa 

Buck, Lorraine North Alabama Apartado 149, Matanzas, Cuba 

Bugby, M. Marguerite West Virginia Methodist Mission, Shorapur, Deccan, India 

Bunn, Virginia E Tennessee Casilla 7029, Santiago, Chile 

Burchard, Mary Agnes, M.D New York Creighton-Freenian Memorial Hospital, 

Vrindaban, U. P.. India 

Burns, Frances A Texas Methodist Institute, Caixa Postal 12681 (via Sao Paulo), 

Santo Amaro, Brazil 

Buser, Dorothy Switzerland Box 522, Elisabethville, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Buss, Helen Indiana Methodist Mission, Roorkee, U. P., India 

H Butler, Rosa May Louisville Scarritt College, Nashville, Tenn. 

Buyers, Anna P., R.N Central Pennsylvania 15 Warris Rd., Lahore, Pakistan 

Byerly, Ruth ^'irginia (Centro MacDonell) Juarez 200 Ute., Durango, Mexico 

Byler, Gertrude Central Kansas.... 9 Naka Kawarage Cho, Hirosaki, Aomori Ken, Japan 

Cale, Jean Louise, R.N Pittsburgh Methodist Mission, Bijnor, U. P., India 

Calkins, Ethel Central Kansas Methodist Mission, Moradabad, India 

Callahan, Ola Western North Carolina Apartado 157, Puebla, Pue., Mexico 

tCallis, Elizabeth Western North Carolina 242-A Creek Rd., Rangoon, Burma 

Campbell, E. Louise Illinois 323 Napier Town, Jabalpur, M. P., India 

tCampbell. Margaret W Louisiana Apartado 446, Monterrey, Mexico 

Carlyle, Elizabeth, R.N Oregon Madar Union Sanatorium, Madar, Ajmer, India 

llCarr, (Mrs.l Hester Bruce South Georgia 108 Nichols St., Blackshear, Ga. 

Carroll, Sallie E Virginia Seiwa Joshi Gakuin, Okadayama, Nishinomiya Shi, 

Hyogo Prefecture, Japan 

fCasbeer, Sybil Mississippi San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines 

Cavett, Maurine lowa-Des Moines Kingswood School, Kalaw, S. S. S., Burma 

fChain, Beverly ; Ohio Caixa Postal 15, Campinas, S. P., Brazil 

tChamberlain, Adilie K New Jersey Keimei Girls' School, Kobe, Japan 

Chapman, Virginia Alabama Centro Universatorio K y 25, Vedado, Havana, Cuba 

Cheney, Alice lowa-Des Moines 69 Shoto Cho, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan 

Clancy, Kathleen Rock River. .Anglo-Chinese Girls' School, 42 Anson Rd., Penang, Malaya 

Clark, Mary Helen North Georgia Colegio Americano, Rua Dr., Lauro de Oliveira 71, 

Porto Alegre, Brazil 

fClark, Patricia Ohio Kingswood School, Kalaw, S. S. S., Burma 

Clarke, Elizabeth J West Wisconsin Interboard House, 4 of 12 Shiba Koen, Minato-ku, 

Tokyo, Japan 

Clay, lone Central Texas Colegio Buenavista, Marianao No. 5, Havana, Cuba 

Cole, Marion Newark Kenyon Cottage, 4 Kampur Rd., Ipoh, Perak, Malaya 

Coleman, Maxine North Indiana Ellen T. Cowan Memorial Hospital, Kolar, 

Mysore State, India 

Collins, Irma D West Oklahoma. .Ushagram Girls' High School, Ushagram, Asansol, India 

Colony, Lucile lowa-Des Moines 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Comstock, Joy E Erie Nursery Training School, Vepery, Madras. India 

tConner, Iva Central Kansas. .Mariano Escobedo 291, Colonia Anahuac. D. F., Mexico 

HConner, Ruth P Peninsula 1218 "B" St.. Wilmington, Del. 

Conrow, Marion L Central Kansas Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

Cook, Eulalia South Carolina Baguanos, Cuba 

Cooley, Thelma Indiana. . .Crandon Institute, Casilla de Correo, 445 Montevideo, Uruguay 

Cooper, Kate S North Georgia Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

Cooper, Lois Louisville. .Hiroshima Jo Gakuin, House No. 2, Kami Nagare Kawa Cho, 

Hiroshima, Japan 

Corfield, Bertha May New England Woman's Christian College, Madras, India 

Corner, S. Marie Pacific Northwest Methodist Mission, Talegaon, B. P., India 

Cowan, Celia Idaho Box 522, Elisabethville, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Cox, Ruth Marie Central Kansas Adams Girls' High School, Almora, U. P., India 

Coy, Martha May Ohio Nur Niwas, Hissar, E. Punjab, India 

TICraig, Jean F Virginia 3517 Grove Ave., Richmond 21, Va. 

Crandall, Violet Southern California-Arizona Methodist Mission, Quessua, 

Malange, Angola, Africa 

fCrane, Kathleen Southwest Missouri Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa 

Moon, Seoul, Korea 

Crawford, Janette Texas... Lai Bagh Girls' Higher Secondary School, I,ucknow U. P., India 

Crooks, F. Jane North-East Ohio Box 522, Elisabethville, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Croskrey, Dorothy Montana 42 Nishi Yohane cho, Fukuoka Shi, Fukuoka Ken, Japan 

Culley, Frances E., R.N Genesee 101 Quesada St., Tondo, Box 734, Manila, Philippines 

f Curry, Mary Jane Pacific Northwest M. M. C. C, Lodja, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Curry, Olive Pittsburgh Kwassui Junior College, Nagasaki, Japan 

Dail, Lucy Holston 69 Shoto Cho, Shibuya Ku, Tokyo, Japan 

Daniels, Ruth Kansas Fairfield, Belgaum, B. P., India 

Davidson, Lois M South Illinois Union Theological Seminary, Apartado 149, 

Matanzas, Cuba 

Dawsey, Sarah South Carolina Marques de Abrantes 55, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

Dean, Chlora T., R.N West Virginia.. M.M.C.C., Minga (via Lusambo), Belgian Congo, Africa 

Deavours, Anne South Georgia General Teran, N. L., Mexico 

Key: tPre-retirement. ULeave of Absence. fSpecial Term. *0n Furlough. 

2 



34 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Name Conference Address 

Denison, Alice Central Texas Colegio Centenario, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, 

Brazil 

tDenny, Helen Indiana Caixa Postal 15, Campinas, S. P., Brazil 

Derby, Marian L Troy 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Desjardins, Helen Detroit Shellabear Hall, 440-B Tranquerah Rd., Malacca, Malaya 

DeVries, Evelyn Oregon African Girls' Hostel, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Dewar, Fannie, E., R.N Florida Methodist Mission, San Mateo, Isabela, Philippines 

tdeYampert, Jean North Alabama. .. .39 Avenue Des Felihres, Tunis, Tunisia, North Africa 

Deyo, Marguerite V Rock River Mutambara, P. B., Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Dickhaut, Olivia, R.N Indiana Sanatorio Palmore, Chihuahua, Mexico 

Dimmitt, Marjorie N Illinois Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, India 

Dingle, Leila V North Dakota-Pacific Northwest Box 1174, Manila, Philippines 

Dirksen, Mechteld, R.N New York East 3 Museum Rd., Taiping, Malaya 

Donahue, Katherine M Philadelpliia Colegio Eliza Bowman, Cienfuegos, Cuba 

Doyle, Gladys B Colorado Methodist Mission, Moradabad, U. P., India 

Doyle, Letah Maude Nebraska "Rokeby," Landour, Mussoorie, U. P., India 

Dyck, Anna Bell South Carolina Apartado 446, Monterrey, N. L., Mexico 

HDyer, Nellie North Arkansas 321 W. 17th St., North Little Rock, Ark. 

Eads, Mary Elizabeth Kentucky Seiwa Joshi Tannidaiga ku Shi, Hyogo Prefecture, 

Okadarama, Japan 

Earnest, Elizabeth Holston Colegio Irene Toland, Matanzas, Cuba 

Ebersole, Stella Ohio 2.56 Creek St., Rangoon, Burma 

Eide, Mary lowa-Des Moines 7 Phayre Rd., Poona, B. S., India 

Eldridge, Emma L Southern California Apartado 50, Chihuahua, Mexico 

tEIswick, Emogene West Virginia Centro Universitario K y 25, Vedado, Havana, Cuba 

tEnglish, F. Carroll Florida Escuela Africola y Industrial, Preston, Oriente, Cuba 

Eriksen, Alma, R.N Rock River Methodist Mission, Kampong Koh, Sitiawan, 

Perak, Malava 

HEvans, Florence, R.N Southern California-Arizona 221 Madeline Dr., Monrovia, Calif. 

tEvans, Janet M Central Alaliama Lima High School, Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

Eveland, Ruth lowa-Des Moines Methodist Mission, Pakur, Bihar, India 

Eye, Kathryn, R.N Baltimore. . .M. M. C. C, Tunda (via Lusambo), Belgian Congo, Africa 

Fairbanks, Elizabeth Virginia Methodist Mission, Godhra, Ranch Mahale, India 

Farrar, Verda St. Louis Colegio Isabella Hendrix, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 

Feely, Gertrude Missouri Mikaga-cho Higashi, Kobe, Japan 

Fehr, Helen E Indiana Jagdalpur, Bastar State, M. P., India 

Felchlia, Irma Southern Illinois Calcutta Girls' High School, 152 Dharamtala St., 

Calcutta, India 

Ferguson, Mary E North Texas Pakur, Bihar, E. I. R., Loop, India 

Fernandez, Sara E Florida Omaja, Cuba 

Ferris, Helen Southern Cnlifornia-Arizona Kinnaird College for Women, 

Lahore, Pakistan 

Finch, Mary D Virginia Hiroshima Jo Gakuin, Dai Gaku Ushita Machi, 

Hiroshima, Japan 

Finke, Lois A lowa-Des Moines Crandon Institute, Casilla de Correa, 445, 

Montevideo, Uruguay 

Fitzpatrick, Mary L Tennessee Social Center, Juarez, 200 Ute., Durango, Mexico 

Ford, Florence R Pittsburgh. . .Colegio Centenario, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil 

Fosnot, Pearl Nebraska 11 Konno-cho, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan 

Foster, Lorena, R.N Southwest Texas Sanatorio Palmore, Chihuahua, Mexico 

Foster, Mary C New York East c/o Mrs. Sasae Ando, 209 Seijo Machi, 

Setagaya ku, Japan 
Foster, Ruth, R.N New York East Caixa Postal 9, Malange, Quessua, Angola, Africa 

fFox, Joyce East Oklahoma People's Central Institute, Rua Rivadavia Correa 188, 

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
French, Clara M Northern New York 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

jFritz, Rosalie J lowa-Des Moines 3 Museum Rd., Taiping, Malaya 

JFuhs, Doretta South Dakota Colegio Isabela Hendrix, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 

Fulton, Frances S Philadelphia Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

tFurbush, Mary Ellen Central New York 115 Rue Perreguax, Constantine, Algeria, N. Africa 

Gaby, Frances Central Texas Root House, Herradura, Cuba 

Gallagher, Hannah North-East Ohio Mission Rd., Nadiad, Kaira District, India 

Games, Mary Helen Ohio Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

fGeiger, Janette Ortha Kentucky Box 522, Elisabethville, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Gibson, Clara Pacific Northwest Apartado 157, Puebla, Pue., Mexico 

Gilbert, Dorothy, R.N Wyoming M. M. C. C, Wembo Nyama (via Lusambo), 

Belgian Congo, Africa 

Giles, Rebecca Illinois 64 Suginami-cho, Hakodate, Japan 

Gilmore, F. Colleen Mississippi 17 Boulevard Rd., Delhi, India 

Gish, Ruth B Illinois 22 Club Back Rd., Byculla, Bombay, India 

Gisler, Emmy, R.N Switzerland Methodist Mission, II Maten, Constantine, 

Algeria, North Africa 

Givin, Olive I Philadelphia Apartado 50, (Shihuahua, Mexico 

Givens, Anna Louisiana 69 Shoto (Z!ho, Shiluiya Ku, Tokyo, Japan 

tGleason, Naomi Detroit Trainmg Institute for Women, Jabalpur, M. P., India 

Gledhill, Vivian Ethel New York East Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

Goff, Maude Peninsula Ewha High School, Seoul, Korea 

Gordon, Mary V., R.N Illinois Clara Swain Hospital, Bareilly, U. P., India 

Key: JPre-retirement. ULeave of Absence. jSpecial Term. *0n Furlough. 



Foreign Missionaries — Active 35 



N^jiE Conference Address 

Graf Martha North-East Ohio Methodist Mission, Sibu, Sarawak, Borneo 

Grams Hildee'ard ' " ' Germany Syal Cottage, Kahnuwan Rd., Batala District, Gurdaspur, 

' Punjab, India 

Graves Elizabeth Michigan and Baltimore Caixa Postal 12681, Santo Amaro 

' (via Sao Paulo), Brazil 

HGress Ruth A Baltimore 1760 G. Filbert St., San Francisco 23, Calif. 

Greve' Ella M......... Xorth Iowa Apartado 240, Callao, Peru 

Griffin, Alta I., R.N Detroit Fairfield, Belgaum, B. P., India 

Gruber, Miriam Virginia Shellabear Hall, Malacca, Malaya 

Guess Lorine .......'..'.'.'. Holston 73 Rue Rubens, Schaerbeek, Bruxelles, Belgium 

Hackl'er Frances Central Texas Old Umtali, P. B. P. 24, Umtali, Sou. Rhodesia, Africa 

Hackma'n, A. Christine PhUadelphia Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

Hahne, Jane Pittsburgh Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

Hall Pearl L., R.N Virginia Sanatorio Palmore, Chihuahua, Mexico 

Hammond, Thelma l!!.'!. !!!!... Indiana Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines 

Hansing, Ovidia West Wisconsin 1267 General Luna, Manila, Philippines 

Harder, Ann L..... California. . .Anglo-Chinese Girls' School, 5 Peirce Rd., Penang, Malaya 

Hare, Naomi May Northwest Texas Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

tHarrnon, F. Marlene Western North Carolina. . .Box 522, Elisabethville, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Harris Anita '.' Central New York Marques de Abrantes 55, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

lIHarris Ruth MyrL..!!! Nebraska 156 Fifth Ave., New York 10, N. Y. 

Hart, Earline Mississippi 74 Garden Rd., Karachi, Pakistan 

Hartman, Barbara Louise Philadelphia M. M. C. C, Wembo Nyama (via Lusambo), 

Belgian Congo, Africa 
Hartman Doris Ohio. .Hiroshima Jo Gakuin, Kami Nagare Kawa Cho, Hiroshima, Japan 

j-Heist, Laura Oregon 1814 S. E. 27th Ave., Portland 15, Ore. 

Hervold, Signhiid Norway L'mtali, P. B. P. 24, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Hess, Doris Central Pennsylvania Box 756, Manila, Philippines 

Hesselgesser, Irene Detroit Colegio Piracicabano, Piracicaba, Brazil 

Highbaugh,'lrma ............... .Kansas Methodist Mission, Box 112, Pusan, Korea 

Hill, E. Marie, R.N Illinois Methodist Mission, Ganta (via Monrovia), Liberia, Africa 

Hill, Joyce Northwest Texas Colegio Eliza Bowman, Cienfuegos, Cuba 

Hindley", Frances, R.N North-East Ohio Nur Manzil, Lucknow, U. P., India 

tHinds, Marcia J Northwest Texas Luanda Caixa 6S, Angola, West Africa 

Hitchcock, Alice L., R.N North Indiana Tsuyazaki Manakata-gun, Fukuoka Ken, Japan 

JHoath, Ruth A Central Kansas. .. .c/o Walter T. Law, 614 N. Bluff Ave., Anthony, Kan. 

Hobart, Elizabeth Southern Illinois Lai Bagh Giils' High School, Lucknow, U. P., India 

Hobson, Ruby, R.N Pacific Northwest Ellen T. Cowen Memorial Hospital, 

Mysore State, India 

Hodgson, Helen M California Apartado 446, Monterrey, N. L., Mexico 

Hoemer, Lena May New York East Lima High School, Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

Holder, Edna Oregon Methodist Mission, Puntamba, Bombay State, India 

Hollows, Bessie New Hampshire Lai Bagh Methodist Church, Lucknow, U. P., India 

HHolmes, Marion New York Box 195, 7 Hill Street, Alfred, N. Y. 

Homfeldt, Ethel Central Kansas M. M. C. C, Lodja, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Honnell, Grace Kansas Methodist Mission, Moradabad, U. P., India 

Howard, Clara South Georgia Methodist Mission, 2 Ku, 315 Taehung Dong, 

Taejon, Korea 

fHoward, Fannie Lee Alabama Rua Rivadavia Correa 188, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

Howell, Elizabeth M Florida Fukuoka Jo Gakuin, Fukuoka, Japan 

tHubbard, Dorothy R Mississippi Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon 

Seoul, Korea 

^Huibregtse, Minnie North Iowa 701 Milwaukee St., Charles City, Iowa 

tHuitema, Wemelina, M.D Southwest Texas Ellen T. Cowan Memorial Hospital, 

Kolar, Mj'sore State, India 

Hulbert, Esther L North-East Ohio Colegio Eliza Bowman, Cienfuegos, Cuba 

Hunt, Ava F Rock River Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, U. P., India 

Hutchens, Edna Wisconsin Lai Bagh Girls' School, Lucknow, India 

f Jackson, Beverly West Wisconsin San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines 

t Jackson, Leila Michigan Lai Bagh Girls' School, Lucknow, U. P., India 

Jefferson, Alice Claypool Genesee Kwassui Junior College, Nagasaki, Japan 

Jenkins, Rosalie Peninsula Marques de Abrantes 55, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

Jensen, Tove, R.N Denmark Ecole Infirmieres Hospital St. Pierre, 322 Rue Haute, 

Brussels, Belgium 

Johannaber, Elizabeth Nebraska 431 P. Paredes, Manila, Philippines 

Johansson, Margit, R.N Finland Nyadiri, P. B. 636, E. Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

llJohnson, Frances Southern California-Arizona 6315 King Ave., Bell, Calif. 

t Johnston, Margaret V Detroit Madar Union Sanatorium, Ajmer, India 

tJones, A. Ruth Central Texas M. M. C. C, Lodja, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Jones, Mary Frances Central New York... 6-1 Asuka, cho, Tanaka, Sa Kyo Ku, Kyoto, Japan 

Jones, Mrs. Pearl Willis, R.N Baltimore Nyadiri, P. B. 136, E. Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Jonsson, Karin Syster, R.N Sweden Box 41, Inhambane, Mozambique, Africa 

tJordan, V. Wynell Alabama Methodist Institute, 74 Garden Rd., Karachi, Pakistan 

Justin, Catherine L Kansas Holman Institute, Agra, U. P., India 

Kelly, Juanita North Georgia Colegio Irene Toland, Matanzas, Cuba 

Kelly, Lorena Western North Carolina M. M. C. C, Lodja, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Killingsworth, Louise North Mississippi 3 Museum Rd., Taiping, Malaya 

Killingsworth, Mathilde Mississippi 12 Mt. Sophia, Singapore 9, Malaya 

King, Sarah N Southern California-Arizona Nyadiri, P. B. 636, E. Salisbury, 

Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Key: JPre-retirement. ULeave of Absence. fSpecial Term. "On Furlough. 



36 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Name Conference Address 

Kingsley, Marian E., R.N Genesee Methodist Mission, Kang Neung, Korea 

Kleiner, Clara, R.N North Iowa Methodist Mission, Udgir, Nander District, India 

Klepper, Madaleine West Oklahoma Methodist Social Center, 431 P. Paredes, 

Manila, Philippines 
Klingeberger, Ida Martha Kansas Methodist Mission, Khandwa, M. P., India 

TIKnapp, Lena New York East 135 W. 16th St., Apt. 48, New York 4, N. Y. 

Koch, Alverna M North-East Ohio Casillade Correo 445, Montevideo, Uruguay 

jKoch, Joyce E., R.N Illinois Kwassui Girls' School, 12 Higashiyamate, Nagasaki, Japan 

llKoether, Luella North Iowa Rieeville, Iowa 

Kriz, Josephine Pittsburgh Methodist Mission, Tandur, Deccan, India 

Kutz, Semeramis C North Indiana El Vergel, Angol, Chile 

Lacy, Edith, M.D Virginia Suvarta Hospital, Dhulia, West Khandesh, India 

Laird, Esther, R.N Ohio Methodist Mission, 2 Ku, 315 Taehung Dong, Taejon, Korea 

Landon, Sara Louise, R.N Rock River Baihar, Balaghat, M. P., India 

Lane, Ortha May North Iowa 1267 General Luna, Manila, Philippines 

Lang, Victoria C, R. N North Indiana Caixa 41, Inhambane, Mozambique, Africa 

Larsen, Jenny H Norway... .Nyadiri, P. B. 136, E. Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Larsen, Liv Norway Methodist Mission, Fort National, Algeria, North Africa 

LaRue, Eunice, R.N North-East Ohio Crawford Hospital, Vikarabad, Deccan, India 

Lawrence, Budice Michigan 12 Mt. Sophia, Singapore, Malaya 

Lawrence, Ruth Alabama 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Leavitt, Ollie R Texas Methodist Mission, Raichur, Deccan, India 

ULefforge, Roxy, M.D North Indiana Huntington College, Huntington, Ind. 

fLewis, Charlotte Florida Caixa Postal 41, Inhambane, Mozambique, Africa 

tLewis, Jean Western North Carolina Mariano Escobedo 291, Colonia Anahuac, 

D. F., Mexico 

tLikes, Lois West Oklahoma. .115 Rue Perrequax, Constantine, Algeria, North Africa 

Lind, Jennie Pittsburgh Fukuoka Jo Gakuin, Fukuoka, Japan 

Lind, Ruth H., R.N Sweden Mutambara, P. B. 292, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

tLittle, Carolee Illinois 5 Peirce Rd., Penang, Malaya 

fLittle, Joy Marie Western North Carolina Caixa 126S1 Santo Amaro (via Sao Paulo), 

Brazil 

Logue, Eva K., R.N Baltimore Health Dispensary, Yellari, Yadgiri District, Taluq, India 

Loomis, Helen New York 12 Young Rd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaya 

Lorah, Mabel Wyoming Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

Lorenz, Theresa Texas Mission Rd., Nadiad, Kaira District, India 

Maiden, Margaret L Montana 35 Nakomate-Dori, 4 Chome, Ikutu-ku, Kobe, Japan 

Main, Idabelle Lewis North Iowa Colegio Bennett, Marques de Abrantes 55, 

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

Major, Frances South Carolina 1300 Dharantala St., Calcutta 13, India 

Malloy, Agnes South Georgia Colegio Buenvista, Marianao No. 5, Havana, Cuba 

UManly, Marian E., M.D Ohio 2145 Hillside Ave., Walnut Creek, Calif. 

Mann, Una J West Oklahoma Adams Girls' High School, Almora, U. P., India 

Mansfield, Marietta Louisville No. 1 Family Wards, Victoria Jubilee Hospital, Amritsar, 

East Punjab, India 

Manz, Helene, R.N Switzerland Mission Methodiste, Les Otiadhias, Algeria, North Africa 

Martin, Edith North Arkansas M. M. C. C, Methodist Mission, Tunda 

(via Lusambo), Belgian Congo, Africa 

TIMason, Pearl Ohio 751 Plymouth Rd., Claremont, Calif. 

tMasten, Mrs. Sallie B North Carolina P. O. Box 734, Manila, Philippines 

tMasters, Florence F lowa-Des Moines 305 Grand St., Guthrie Center, Iowa 

Maw, Thelma B Southern California-Arizona Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea 

Mayer, Margery Ohio 143 Kajivacho, Kagoshima, Japan 

UMayes, Susie North Georgia Scarritt College, Nashville, Tenn. 

McCain, Pearls North Arkansas Seiwa Joshi Gakuin, Okaydayaraa, Nishinomiya Shi, 

Hyogo Prefecture, Japan 

McCall, Meriel, R.N Pacific Northwest P. O. Gajadharganj, Buxar, Bihar, India 

McCutchen, Martha Northwest Indiana Methodist Mission, Sibu, Sarawak, Borneo 

tMcKay, Florence Ross Erie Mulungwishi, Belgian Congo, Africa 

McKinney , Ruth E Wyoming Colegio Isabela Hendrix, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 

McKinney, Orlene Little Rock Mariano Escobedo 291, Colonia Anahuac, D. F., Mexico 

McLain, Lulu Marie Alabama. .Keknei Girls' School, 35 Nakoraate-Dori, 4 Chome, Ikutu-ku, 

Kobe, Japan 

McMillan, Mary C Alabama 327 Ushita Machi, Higoshi-Ku, Hiroshima, Japan 

McQuie, Ada Michigan Fukuoka Jo Gakuin, Nislji Gakuin, Fukuoka, Japan 

McSwain, Mary B Little Rock Rua Rivadavia Correa 188, Rio de Janeiro, Braail 

Meek Martha Baltimore 69 Shoto cho, Shibuya Ku, Tokyo, Japan 

Meier, Opal L Central Texas Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

Mercer, Evelyn Kansas Kampong Koh, Sitiawan, Perak, Malaya 

Michel, Mabel North Indiana Box 41, Inhamlsane, Mozambique, Africa 

Miller, Alpha J Ohio Caixa 9, Malange, Quessua, Angola, West Africa 

tMiller, Jane Illinois Colegio .Americano, Avenue Pellegrini 1352, Rosario, Argentina 

Mitchell, Mabel Southwest Missouri Eklund Heights, Raub, Pahang, Malaya 

Moe, Carol Nebraska Box 76, Vigan, Ilocos Sur, Philippines 

Montgomery, Thelma North-East Ohio Methodist Mission, Kapanga, Sac Prive (via 

Elisabeth ville), Belgian Congo, Africa 
Moore, Helen Troy Kwassui Junior College, Nagasaki, Japan 

TlMoore, Mary E., R.N Virgina 880 Madison Ave., Paterson, N. J. 

Moore, Sadie Maude South Georgia Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 



Key: JPre-retirement. ULeave of Absence. fSpecial Term. *0n Furlough. 



Foreign Missionaries — Active 37 

Name Conference Addrkss 

tMorgan, I.aDoris Central Texas Stanley Girls' High School, Hyderabad, Deccan, India 

Morris, M. Geneva Holston 11 Koniio cho, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan 

Moss, Barbara, M.D Troy Methodist Hospital, Inchon, Korea 

Munkejord, Rnndi, R.N Norway.. Creighton-Freenian Memorial Hospital, Vrindalian, U. P., India 

Naess, Bjorg L., R.N Norway Thcodori Mission, Mahespur Raj, S. P., Bihar, India 

Nagler, Etha M Michigan Kingswood School, Kalaw, S. S. S., Burma 

Narbeth, Gwendohne Philadelphia 39 Rue Tertian, Constantine, Algeria, North Africa 

Neal, Mattie Lou Texas Colegio Eliza Bowman, Cienfuegos, Cuba 

Nelson, Ada May Indiana Methodist .Mission, Kanalnaear Deccan, Bihar District, India 

Nelson, Dorothy M Minnesota Casilla de Correo 445, Montevideo, Uruguay 

Nelson, Maude V., R.N Texas Warne Baby Fold, Bareilly, U. P., India 

Ni.xon, M. Irene Central Texas Apartado 50, Chihuahua, Mexico 

Norris, Kathleen A., R.N Genesee Vellore Christian Medical College, Vellore, India 

Northcott, Ruth E Rock River Box 41, Inhambane, Mozambique, Africa 

Nowlin, Mabel Kansas 12 Mt. Sophia, Singapore, Malaya 

Nutting, Clara, M.D New England Xyadiri, P. B. 636, E. Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, 

Africa 

Oherlin, Gladys M Baltimore Instituto Evangelico Itapino, Espirito, Santos, Brazil 

Oldridge, Mary Belle East Oklahoma 11 Konno-cho, Shibuva, Tokyo, Japan 

Oliver, Bessie O South Georgia Methodist Mission, 2 Ku, 315 Taehung Dong, 

Taejon, Korea 

O Neal, Dorothy, R.N West Virginia Hotel des Colonies, 6-8 Rue des Croisades, 

Brussels, Belgium 

O Toole, Ruth A., R.N St. Louis. .M.M.C.C, Miiiga Sta. (via Lusambo), Belgian Congo, Africa 

Otto, Grace Detroit Mutambara, P. B., Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Otto, Vivian L Detroit Nvadiri P. B. 136, E. Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Overby, Elizabeth, R.X Baltimore Butler Memorial Hospital, Baroda, India 

Overholt, Treva B Michigan Lima High School, Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

Fame, Mildred A Genesee 1035 1 Chome, Motoki, Adachi-Ku, Tokvo, Japan 

Pa m, Emma M., R.N Ohio Methodist Mission, Sibu, Sarawak, Borneo 

lamer, Florence K Illinois Webb Memorial Girls' School, Baroda Residency, India 

Palmer, Pearl ^few York Methodist Mission, Bulandshahr, U. P., India 

Parham, Catherine North Georgia Box 522, Elisabethville, Belgian Congo, Africa 

II Parker, Annie North Alabama.. .Brewster Hospital, 1640 Jefferson St., Jacksonville, Fla. 

Parker, Elsie North Carolina. . .Instituto Central Do Povo, Rua Rivadavia Correa 188, 

,„ Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

fParks, Dorothy Ruth Holston 134 Kampong Koh, Sitiawan, Perak, Malaya 

Parks, Edith H Illinois Old Umtali, P. B. 24, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Parks Vera . North Indiana 152 Dharamtala St., Calcutta, India 

tParrott, Rae Beth Texas. .Hiroshima Jo Gakuin, 49 Kaminagarekawa cho, Hiroshima, Japan 

Parsons, Maude Philadelphia 9 Naka Kawarage Cho, Hirosaki, Aomori Ken, Japan 

Peat, Carrie Washington Methodist Mission, Monrovia, Liberia 

Peavy, Anne R South Georgia Seiwa Joshi Gakuin, Okadayama, Nishinomiya Shi, 

Hyogo Prefecture, Japan 

Peckham, Caroline S Wisconsin Kwassui Junior College, Nagasaki, Japan 

Penn, Betty Ohio Methodist Girls' School, Pauri, Garhwal District, U. P., India 

tPennington, Nathalee Tennessee Crandon Institute, Casilla de Correa 445, Montevideo, 

Uruguay 

Perry, Ella L Central New York 17 Boulevard Rd., Delhi, India 

Pfaff, Emma Lois North Dakota Old Umtali, P. B. P. 24, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, 

■nr cr Africa 

Pfaff, Jessie A North Dakota Old Umtali, P. B. P. 24, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, 

Piper, Florence, R.N Newark Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

_,. Seoul, Korea 

Pittman, Annie Central New York Methodist Mission, Sibu, Sarawak, Borneo 

^Jank, Carolyn Pennsylvania 12 Young Rd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaya 

tPlatt, Carol Kansas Casilla de Correo 445, Montevideo, Uruguay 

Porter, Eunice, R.N Colorado Creighton-Freeman Memorial Hospital, Vrindaban, U. P., 

. India 

Precise, Myrtle, R.N West Oklahoma School of Nursing, Nadiad, Kaira District, India 

Precise, Pearl West Oklahoma Mission Rd., Nadiad, Kaira District, India 

Prentice, Margaret, R.X Colorado Ganta (via Monrovia), Liberia, West Africa 

Proctor, Orvia A Southwest Missouri 57 Signal Pagoda Rd., Rangoon, Burma 

jKaak, Muriel C lowa-Des Moines Hostel for Girls, Monrovia, Liberia, West Africa 

'g^ssdale, Gertrude Ann Virginia Casilla 7029, Santiago, Chile 

Rathff, Olive, R.N West Virginia Methodist Mission, 2 Ku, 315 Taehung Dong, 

r. I T 1 T^ T^ ^T Taejon, Korea 

Rawls, Lulu D., R.N Florida Sanatorio Palmore, Chihuahua, Mexico 

Reed, Gloria Jean North-East Ohio 64 Suginami, Hakodate, Japan 

Rees, Dorothy Kentucky M. M. C. C, Wembo Nyama (via Lusambo), 

, . Belgian Congo, Africa 

tRegister, E. Kathleen Florida 11 Konno-cho, Shibuya, Tokvo, Japan 

tReid, Mary Lucinda Virginia Methodist High School, Kanpur, U. P., India 

Reik, Elsie I Wisconsin Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore, Pakistan 

Reinecke, Sarah Baltimore M. M. C. C, Lodja, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Reitz, Beulah Kansas Old Umtali, P. B. P. 24, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Re.xroth, Emma Pacific Northwest Methodist Mission, Gulbarga, Deccan, India 

Richardson, Patricia Rock River Colegio Americano, Avenue Pellegrini 1352, 

Rosario, Argentina 

Key: JPre-retirement. ULeave of Absence. fSpecial Term. *0n Furlough. 



38 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Name Conference Address 

JRichey, Elizabeth H Xorth-East Ohio Senecaville, Ohio 

Rippey, Hazel Missouri 3 Nishi Nopporo, Ebetsu-Shi, Hokkaido, Japan 

Robbins, Anna Adis Indiana Rasra, Ballia District, Bihar, India 

tRobe, Margaret Ohio Lucie Harrison School, Lahore, Pakistan 

Robinett, Gusta A North Indiana Djalan, Bulan 28, Medan, Sumatra 

Robinson, (Mrs.) ArDelia M South Georgia Plested Memorial Girls' School, Meerut, U. P., India 

Robinson, Alary Sue North Mississippi 115 Rue Perregaux, Constantine, Algeria 

Rogers, Betty Jane North Mississippi San Mateo, Isabella, Philippines 

tRolfs, Clarissa Florida Universidade Rural Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil 

Rosser, Helen South Georgia Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 112, Pusan, Korea 

Rothrock, B. Lois Philadelphia Avenue Pellegrmi 1352, Rosario, Argentina 

Rowland, Elston, R.N Baltimore P. O. Box 734, Manila, Philippines 

Russell, Mary North Indiana. . .College of West Africa, Monrovia, Liberia, West Africa 

USadler, Eva M., R.N Wyoming 90 Lake Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Safstrom, Helen L Southern California -Arizona. .Avenue Pellegrini 1352, Rosario, Argentina 

Saladin, Louise Switzerland Methodist Mission, Raichur, Deccan, India 

tSalisbury, Sara North Iowa Kanpur Girls' High School, Kanpur, U. P., India 

Salzer, Florence Minnesota Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, India 

Sandfort, Dorothy A Nebraska Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

Santillan, Mary Lou North Texas Miravalle 209, Apartado 26203, Mexico 13, D. F., Mexico 

tSawyer, Mildred Southern California -Arizona Old Umtali, P. B. 24, Umtali, 

Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Schaefer, Carolyn E West Oklahoma Methodist Mission, Mathura, U. P., India 

Schleman, Laura M North-East Ohio Methodist Girls' School, 12 Young Rd., 

Kuala Lumpur, Malaya 

Schmidt, Dora Z Central Kansas Washington 208 Ote., Monterrey, Mexico 

Scovill, Ha May Ohio. .Myakatsapa, P. O. Watsomba (via Umtali), Sou. Rhodesia, Africa 

Seal, May Bell Tennessee Calle 12 No. 1630, Chihuahua, Mexico 

USearcy, Mary Missouri 302 College Ave., Columbia, Mo. 

Seek, Margaret Nebraska 5 Pierce Rd., Penang, Malaya 

Selvey, Esther West Virginia 1035 1 Chome, Motoki, Adachi Ku, 

Tokyo, Japan 

Shackleford, Jimmie C North Georgia Colegio Irene Toland, Matanzas, Cuba 

Shanks, Leora West Oklahoma Apartado 105, Jovellanos, Cuba 

Shaw, Marian B., R.N Detroit Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

Shelby, Martha New Mexico Methodist Mission, Pithoragarh, U. P., India 

Sheldon, Mabel M Wyoming Gajadharganj P. O., Buxar, Bihar, India 

Shepherd, Mildred Louisville Plested Memorial Girls' School, Meerut, U. P., India 

tShine, Chasteen E North Carolina Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

Shoemaker, Esther, M.D Philadelphia Ellen T. Cowan Memorial Hospital, Kolar 

Mvsore State, India 
Simester, Edith Rock River 194 In Sa Dong Chong Nu Ko, Seoul, Korea 

HSimmons, Alberta West Oklahoma Box 404, Sentinel, Okla. 

Sluyter, Eunice Peninsula Lucknow Publishing House, 37 Cantonment Rd., 

Lucknow, U. P., India 

Smith, Florence Wyoming 7 Mt. Sophia, Singapore, Malaya 

Smith, Myrtle A Detroit 22 Hennessey Rd., Hong Kong 

Sorensen, Borghild Norway Creighton-Freeman Memorial Hospital, Vrindaban, U. P., 

India 

tSpradling, Grace Kentucky Lima High School, Apartado 2144, Lima, Peru 

tSprague, Mary Lou Central Kansas Caixa 9, Quessua, Malange, Angola, North Africa 

Stahley, Wanda Little Rock Mission Rd., Nadiad, Kaira District, India 

UStallard, Eleanor Bell, R.N Southern California-Arizona 4414 30th St., San Diego 4, Calif. 

tStallmgs, Nma Missouri 816 Greenwood Ave., N. E., Atlanta, Ga. 

UStemhemier, Mary E., M.D Central New York 7029 Clinton Rd., Upper Darby, Pa. 

Stephens, (Mrs.) Eunice B North Iowa Mission Hospital and Nurses' Training School, 

Kathmandu, Nepal 

IStevens, Catherine B North Mississippi c/o Mrs. B. M. Bowen, Emory University, Ga. 

Stewart, Enama Nortiiwest Indiana Ivy Towers, Lawrence Rd., Poona, India 

tStewart, Emma H Mississippi Rua Dr. Lauro de Oliveira 71, Porto Alegre, Brazil 

Stewart, Ruth, R.N Northern New York Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa 

Moon, Seoul, Korea 

tStockton, Elsie L California-Nevada Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa 

Moon, Seoul, Korea 

fStoffer, Esther North-East Ohio P. O. Box 112, Pusan, Korea 

Strader, Evelyn Western North Carolina Methodist High School, Kanpur, U. P., India 

Strong, Dorothy Baltimore Leonard Theological College, Jabalpur, M. P., India 

DStudley, Ellen M North Indiana 5408 Blackstone Ave., Chicago 15, 111. 

tStuntz, Jane Tennessee Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 
Suffern, Ellen H Southern California-Arizona 12 Mt. Sophia, Singapore, Malaya 

TlSurdam, T. Janet Genesee Riceville, Iowa 

jSwift, Margaret Memphis Monteagle, Tenn. 

Swinney, (Mrs.) Irene T California-Nevada Methodist Mission, Kang Neung, Korea 

Swords, Lilly Newark Syal Cottage, Kahnuwan Rd., Batala District, Gurdaspur, 

Punjab, India 
Tarr, Alberta Southwest Missouri Nishinoguchi Machi, Beppu, Kyushu, Japan 

tTaylor, Charlotte Gamewell Kentucky Box 522, Elisabethville, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Taylor, L. Mildred North Alabama Nyadiri, P. B. 636, E. Salisbury, 

Southern Rhodesia, Africa 



Key: tPre-retuement. ULeave of Absence. fSpecial Term. *0n Furlough. 



Foreign Missionaries — Active 39 

Name Conference Address 

Tennant, Elizabeth West Wisconsin 69 Shoto Cho, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan 

Tennant, Mary Jean Michigan Box 41, Inliambane, Mozambique, Africa 

tTerry, Marilyn North Alabama Methodist Mission, 2 Ku, 315 Taehung Dong, 

Taejon, Korea 

Terry, Zula Texas Colegio Isabela Hendrix, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 

fThompson, Ruth Philadelphia Shellabear Hall, Malacca, Malaya 

Tillou, Anna May Genesee Methodist Mission, Shahjahanpur, U. P., India 

Time, Helene Norway Dangoli, Almora District, U. P., India 

Tirsgaard, Maren M Rock River Sawtelle Girls' School, Arrah, Bihar, India 

Townsend, Mollie. R.N Wyoming Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 112, Pusan, Korea 

Towson, Manie C South Georgia Naka Cho. Kitsuka Machi, Oita Ken, Kyushu, Japan 

Tubbs, Lulu Michigan Sunnyside Camp, P. B. Lisnacloon, P. B. Mutambara, 

Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

Tucker, Margaret, M.D Ohio Christian Medical Council, Ludhiana, East Punjab, India 

Twinem, Marguerite Southern California-Arizona 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Tyson, Dana Virginia Harris Memorial .School, Box 1174, Manila, Philippines 

tUlsh, Rosa M South Carolina M. M. C. C, Lodja (via Luluabourg), 

Belgian Congo, Africa 

HVan, Amber Dakota 849 N. 3rd Ave., Phoenix, Ariz. 

Vanderberg, Martha New Jersey Apartado 2144, Lima, Peni 

fVanOoteghen, Simone, R.N Belgium M. M. C. C Lodja, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Waldron, Rose California-Nevada 64 Suginami Cho, Hakodate, Japan 

Walker, Marion M Central Texas Methodist Dormitory, Tarlac City, Philippines 

Wallace, Margaret Minnesota Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, U. P., India 

tWard, Ruth Newark Methodist Social Center, P. G. Box 1600, Manila, Philippines 

Warne, Eleanor Pacific Northwest Kawakami-mura, Onsen-gun, Ehime Ken, Japan 

Warner, Marian North Iowa Training Institute for Women, Jabalpur, M. P., India 

Warner, Ruth V California-Nevada Sadi Carnot 73, Mexico City 4, Mexico 

tWarrington, Ruth A West Oklahoma 720 5th St., Alva, Okla. 

tWay, Frances Texas 12 Young Rd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaya 

jWayland, Emma Nell North Arkansas Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

tWeaver, Evelyn M North-East Ohio 15 Warris Rd., Lahore, Pakistan 

Webb, Gladys M Indiana Methodist Mission, Badaun, U. P., India 

fWeber, Emilia Mississippi Apartado 157, Puebla Pue, Mexico 

Weems, Mrs. Euline S North Georgia Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

Welles, Doris I Southern California- Arizona 130 Dharamtala St., Calcutta 14, India 

Wells, Irene New York East Calcutta Girls' High School, 152 Dharamtala St., 

Calcutta, India 

West, Nellie Maud St. Louis Bidwell School, Shahjahanpur, U. P., India 

tWestfall, Mae Elizabeth Southern California-Arizona 35 Nakayamate Dori, 4-Chome, 

Kobe, Japan 

Westrup, Charlotte, R.N Central Kansas Methodist Mission, Dangoli Almora, U. P., India 

tWhitaker, Faith CaUfornia-Nevada Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa 

Moon, Seoul, Korea 

White, Annimae North Georgia A. P. C. M., Mutoto (via Luluabourg), 

Belgian Congo, Africa 

fWhite, Martha Fay Louisiana Hiroshima, Jo Gakuin, Kami Nagare Kawa Cho, 

Hiroshima, Japan 

Whitehead, Mabel North Alabama Seiwa Joshi Gakuin, Okaydayama, Nishinomiya, Shi, 

Hyogo Prefecture, Japan 

Whiting, Ethel L Nebraska Lai Bagh Methodist Church, Lucknow, U. P., India 

Whitney, Alice E., R.N Southern California-Arizona Old Umtali, P. B. P. 24, Umtali, 

Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

tWliyte, Elizabeth Ann Philadelphia Mulungwishi, Belgian Congo, Africa 

Wiggins, Mae Alabama MethodLst High School, Kanpur, U. P., India 

Wildermuth, Helen Ohio Old Umtali, P. B. 24, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia, Africa 

tWilliams, Jane Michigan Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines 

Williams, Laura Baltimore Lsabella Thoburn College, Lucknow, U. P., India 

Williams, Mary E Kentucky F. C. Davis School, Sironcha, M. P., India 

U Williamson, Ethel South Carolina Darlington, S. C. 

Willingham, Pauline, R.N New Jersey Villa de Santiago, N. L., Mexico 

Wilson, Emma Central Kansas Methodist Mission, P. O. Box 164, KwangHwa Moon, 

Seoul, Korea 

Winfrey, Annie Texas M. M. C. C, Wembo Nyama (via Lusambo) , 

Congo Beige, Africa 

tWingert, Katherine Central New York Methodist Mission, Sibu, Sarawak, Borneo 

Winn, Mary South Carolina 15 Warris Rd., Lahore, Pakistan 

Winslow, Hazel lowa-Des Moines P. O. Box 410, Rangoon, Burma 

fWintringham, Jeanne Ohio 57 Signal Pagoda Rd., Rangoon, Burma 

Wolcott, Jessie North Iowa Djalan, Bulan 28, Medan, Sumatra 

*Wolfe, Evel>Ti West Virginia c 'o Mr. J. H. Lucas, 137 N. 17th St., Warwood, 

Wheelmg, W. Va. 

Wolfe, Ruth S Philadelphia Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore, Pakistan 

Woodruff, Patricia A New York Union Theological Seminary, Camacua 282, 

Buenos Aires, Argentina 

Woodward, Mary Virginia Colegio Eliza Bowman, Cienfuegos, Cuba 

Wright, Florence, R.N Genesee Mission Hospital, Bidar, Deccan, India 

Wright, Mildred Southwest Missouri Kamalnagar, Deccan, Bidar District, India 

Zicafoose, Myrtle West Virginia.. M. M. C. C, Minga (via Lusambo), Congo Beige, Africa 



Key: JPre-retirement. ULeave of Absence. fSpecial Term. *0n Furlough. 



40 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

FOREIGN MISSIONARIES— RETIRED 

As of November 1, 1955 

Naiib Field Address 

Abbott, Anna Agnes India 1055 N. Kingsley Dr., Los Angeles 29, Calif. 

Abbott, Edna M India 60 Park Ave., Delaware, Ohio 

Aliel, Edith Chma 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Allen, Mable Alice China Early, Iowa 

Anderson, Mary North Africa Cottage St., Pierre El Biar, Algiers, Algeria 

Andrew, Eunice Brazil Auburn, Ky. 

Ashwill, Agnes Burma 631 N. Second St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Atkinson, Anna P Japan 321 Queen Anne Ave., Seattle 9, Wash. 

Austin, Laura India 1809 11th St., Portland, Ore. 

Bacon, Edna India 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Bacon, Nettie India Granada, Minn. 

Baker, Catherine China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Ball, Jennie L India 216 N. Grand St., Marshall, Mich. 

Barber, Emma India 1546 Sherman St., S. E., Grand Rapids 6, Mich. 

Barstow, Clara Grace South America 416 E. Leadora, Glendora, Calif. 

Baxter, Mary Jane Brazil 805 E. Clinton St., Huntsville, Ala. 

Beach, Lucy North India 1101 Woodsum St., Jackson, Mich. 

Beale, Elizabeth M India 7136 52nd Terrace, N., St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Billings, (Mrs. Homer) 

Mary Young Korea 142 Church St., Ashland, Ore. 

Bjorklund, Sigrid C China 355 Lynn St., Maiden 48, Mass. 

Bobenhouse, Laura G India 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Bomar, Mildred China Scarritt College, Nashville 4, Tenn. 

Bonafield, Julia China 440 Lafayette Ave., Cincinnati 20, Ohio 

Booth, Virginia Mexico 116 Sonoita Ave., Nogales, Ariz. 

Bording, Maren, R.N Philippines-Korea 300 Grand View St., Pasadena 3, Calif. 

Bradshaw, A. Eloise China 115 16th Ave., San Mateo, Calif. 

Bragg, Jessie India Raymond, Neb. 

Brethorst, Alice China 1114 N. 78th St., Seattle 3, Wash. 

Brethorst, S. Marie China 275 Robmcroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Bridenbaugh, Jennie China 10 Atlantic Ave., Long Beach 2, Calif. 

Brooks, Jessie Malava 209 N. Marie Ave., FuUerton, Calif. 

Brown, Mary Sue Brazil 806 N. 15th St., Waco, Tex. 

Brown, Zula China 2091/4 N. Berendo St., Los Angeles 4, Calif. 

Brownlee, Charlotte Korea Mundfordville, Kv. 

Bunce, Thirza Malaya 2318 E. Center St., Terre Haute, Ind. 

Burdeshaw, Rhoda A China 2738 E. Wynnton Lane, Columbus, Ga. 

Carpenter, Mary F India 105 E. Main St., New Concord, Ohio 

Carson, Anna Philippines 1055 N. Kingsley Dr., Los Angeles 27, Calif. 

Chadwick, Freda Sumatra 4236 Second Rd., North, Arlington 3, Va. 

Chaffin, Mrs. Anna B Korea Methodist Theological Seminary, Seoul, Korea 

Chalmers, Clara Mexico 413 Hillory St., New Orleans, La. 

Chase, Laura Japan 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Chilson, Elma M India 5 Twenty-fifth St., Merced, Calif. 

Christensen, Lydia India 104 W. flth, Cedar Falls, Iowa 

Church, Marie Korea 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Claiborne, Elizabeth China Box 254, Millersburg, Kv. 

Clark, Faith A India 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Clark, Grace Southern Rhodesia 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Clark, Lucie China, Cuba 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Cloud, Ellen B Mexico 200 S. Townsend, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Colby, (Mrs. James R.) 

Delia Olson Malaya Loyal, Wis. 

Conrad, (Mrs. Philip) 

Jennie Reid Uruguay Casilla de Correo, 445, Montevideo, Uruguay 

Cook, Margaret M Japan Wrens Nest, Monteagle, Tenn. 

Corbett, Lila Malaya P. O. Box 1143, Black Mountain, N. C. 

Cornelison, Bernice Philippines 4856 E. Edison, Tucson, Ariz. 

Craven, Norma Malaya 761 Lafayette St., Denver 18, Colo. 

Cross, Cilicia Angola 546 S. Bright Ave., Whittier, Calif. 

Crouse, Margaret India 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Curtice, Lois Japan 213 Watchung Ave., North Planifield, N. J. 

Dalrymple, Marion India Laurel Park, Northampton, Mass. 

Daniel, Nell Margaret Japan Friendship Haven, Fort Dodge, Iowa 

Daniels, Martha Mexico 1839 Anapuni St., Honolulu 14, T. H. 

Danner, Ruth China 608 E. Walnut St., Bloomington, 111. 

Davis, Hazel Philippines 130 W. Main St., Knightstown, Ind. 

Deam, Mary Philippines 231 E. Washington, Pasadena, Calif. 

Dillingham,' Grace L Korea 1033 N. Howard, Los Angeles 29, Calif. 

Dodd, (Mrs. Duncan F.) China Gaylordsville, Conn. 

Clara Smith 

Dodd, Stella L., M.D India Methodist Home, Marionville, Mo. 

Dove, Agnes C. W India 33 Man.^field Ave., Cambuslang, Scotland 

Drescher, Mildred India, Home Base 363 Benjamin, S. E., Grand Rapids 6, Mich. 

Dresher, Mrs. Mildred 

Blakely Philippines 701 E. First St., Hutchinson, Kan. 

Dunn, Olive India 7003 McCook, Hammond, Ind. 

Dver, Clara Pearl China Box 204, Olneyville Sta., Providence 9, R. I. 

Easton, Celesta India 3441 Lemon St., Riverside, Calif. 



Foreign Missionaries — Retired 41 



Name Fielu Address 

Eddy, Mabel India 177 N. Fremont St., Whitewater, Wis. 

Edwards, Laura Korea 3019 Honian Ave., Waco, Tex. 

Elliott, Bernice K India Crystal Valloy, Mich. 

Emery, Plioebe India Baldwin, Kan. 

Epps, Leila Brazil Kingstrce, 8. ('. 

Erbst, Wilhelniina Philippines 464 E. Alameda St., Manteca, Calif. 

Ericson, Judith India .'5015 N. Paulina St., Cliicago 40, 111. 

Ernsberger, Mrs. Margaret C. .India 'riiobiirn Terraic, 115 N. Almansor St., Alhamhra, Calif. 

Evans, Mary Philippines 214 Highland St., Milton, Mass. 

Fanner, Ida India 27.5 Robincroft Dr.. Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Fearon, Dora China 470.5 Windsor Mill Rd., Baltimore, Md. 

Field, Ruth India Thoburn Terrace, 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Files, Estelle M India R. F. D. 2, Brockport, N. Y. 

Finlay, Alice Japan 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Fisher, Fannie Fern India 418 Washington St., Quincy, 111. 

Foreman, M. Flora, R.N Africa 1502 Monroe St., Amarillo, Tex. 

Forsyth, Estella M India 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Fox, Lillie F Mexico 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Frantz, Ida F China 710 Sunnyview Ave., Dayton 6, Ohio 

Fredericks, A. Edith China 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Oilman, Gertrude China 714 Locust St., Pasadena, Calif. 

Glenn, Lavona Brazil 116 Glade St., Conyers, Ga. 

Glidden, Zella Angola 1003 Tuckahoe Blvd., Mays Landing, N. J. 

Godfrey, Louise India 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Goodall, Annie India Mapleton, Iowa 

Green, Lola M India Ceres, Calif. 

Green, Mary Alice China 310 Oakwood Ave., Sanford, N C. 

Greene, Leola India 14811 Strathmoor, Detroit 27, Mich. 

Greer, Lillian China 4276 Avon St., Riverside, Calif. 

Griffin, Pansv Pearl China DeGolia, Pa. 

Griffiths, Mary B .Japan 4414 30th St., San Diego, Calif. 

Hadden, Evelyn India 1595 Clay St., San Francisco 9, Calif. 

Hall, Ada Korea Sullivan, Ohio 

Hankins, Ida Korea 15 N. 15th .St., Wilmington, N. C. 

Hartford, Mabel C China Wentworth Home, Dover, N. H. 

Haynes, Emily Irene Korea 52 Sawyer St., Hornell, N. Y. 

Hempstead, Ethel Japan R. F. D., Kittery Point, Me. 

Herbert, Anne China 125 Broad St., Sumter, S. C. 

Hermiston, Margaret I India 89 Harding Ave., Weymouth, Mass. 

Herrmann, Mrs. Lahuna India Wesley Gardens, Des Moines, Wash. 

Hess, Stella Southern Rliodesia 13808 Ardoon Ave., Cleveland 20, Ohio 

Hodges, Olive Japan 5934 Kowada, Chigasaki-shi, Japan 

Hoffman, Carlotta E India 1546 Sherman St., S. E., Grand Rapids 6, Mich. 

Hoge, Elizabeth India 5343 Hamilton Ave., College Hill, Cincinnati 24, Ohio 

Holland, Charlie Japan 417 E. Laurel Ave., Lufkin, Tex. 

Holmes, Ada India 19 Fulwood Park, Liverpool 17, England 

Holmes, Lillian L., R.N China 4528 2nd Ave., N., St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Holt, Nancy Brazil 338 W. Free Mason St., Apt. No. 5, Norfolk, Va. 

Huffman, Loal E., M.D India 203 High St., Bryan, Ohio 

Hulbert, Jeannette Korea 416 Main St., Huron, Ohio 

Hyde, Eva Louise Brazil 172 S. Downing St., Denver 9, Colo. 

Ingrum, Dora Mexico 1001 Wilkes Blvd., Columbia, Mo. 

Jackson, Carrie U Korea Rt. 2, Box 70, Arlington, Kv. 

.Jaquet, Myra China 935 W. Third St., Pomona, Calif. 

Jarrett, Rachel Brazil 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Jetton, Mabel Brazil 349 Tenth St., S. E., Washington, D. C. 

Johnston, Helen Brazil P. O. Box 54, Roseland, Fla. 

Jones, Dorothy China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Jones, Edna China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Jones, Jane D China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Kermard, Olive India 1318 Belleview Dr., Encinitas, Calif. 

Kenyon, Carrie Malaya, Cuba 108 N. Sixth St., Connellsville, Pa. 

Kesler, Mary Grace China Erie School, Olive Hill, Kv. 

Ketring, Mary, M.D India Rt. 2, Box 172, Holland, Ohio 

Keyhoe, Katherine India 508 North Court, Ottumwa, Iowa 

Kintner, Lela Burma Valley Center, Kan. 

Knox, Emma M China 2744 Regent St., Berkeley 5, Calif. 

Kostrup, Alfrida, R.N Korea 300 Grand View St., Paisadena 3, Calif. 

Lamb, Elizabeth Brazil Box 1199, Fayetteville, N. C. 

Lantz, Viola, M.D China 578 S. 11th St., San Jose, Calif. 

Lawrence, Mabel India 5995 S. Jackson Rd., Jackson, Mich. 

Lee, Mabel Japan 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Li, Bi Cu, M.D China (Address unknown) 

Lilly, May B Malaya Box 35, Bridgeport, Wash. 

Low, Nellie India 112 S. Alexander St., Millersburg, Ohio 

Lowder, Rosa May, R.N Korea No. 6 Staley Apts., 6 Franklin St., Bristol, Tenn. 

Mace, Rose China Pineview St., Tice, Fla. 

MacKinnon, Sallie Lou Home Base, China 3822 Richland Ave., Nashville 5, Tenn. 

Manchester, Ruth C India 171 Spencer St., Winsted, Conn. 

Mann, Mary China Albany, Ind. 

Marker, Jessie B Korea Bancroft-Tavlor Rest Home, Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Markey, M. Belle Mexico 275 Robmcroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Marriott, Jessie A China 440 Lafayette Ave., Clifton, Cincinnati 20, Ohio 

Marsh, Malsel Malaya 8950 Victoria Ave., South Gate, Calif. 



42 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Name Field Address 

Mathis, Maude Brazil 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

McCartney, Blanche India 209 Lincoln St., Winner, S. Dak. 

McDade, Myra L China 40 W. Green St., Westminster, Md. 

Merritt, Edna China c/o Morrison Academy, Box 90, Taichung, Taiwan 

Miller, Ethel Korea Memorial Mission, 400 W. 2nd St., Wilmington, Del. 

Miller, Lula A Korea 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Miller, Viola L., R.N China Amelia, Ohio 

Mitchell, Laura V China Marlboro Apt., No. 317, 425 S. W. 10th Ave., Miami 36, Fla. 

Montgomery, Urdell India 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Morgan, Mabel India Thoburn Terrace, 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Morgan, Margaret India Thoburn Terrace, 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Morrow, Julia, R.N India 334 E. Washington St., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Moses, Mathilde India 9615 Mayne St., Bellflower, Calif. 

Munson, Kezia India Areola, 111. 

Naylor, Nell F India P. O. Box 613, Winslow, Ark. 

Nelson, Caroline India 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Nelson, Dora India 1204 S. MacArthur Rd., Springfield, 111. 

Nelson, Lena China 1503 Thompson Ave., Glendale 1, Calif. 

Nelson, Marie Angola 8112 Tenth Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Nevitt, Jane Ellen China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Nichols, Florence India Cotton Nursing Home, 149 Summer Ave., Reading, Mass. 

Nichols, Lillian Korea 412 S. Brunswick St., Jessup, Ga. 

Nicolaisen, Martha C. W China 440 Lafayette Ave., Cincinnati 20, Ohio 

Odee, Bertha, R.N Philippines 5711 Berkshire Lane, Dallas 9, Tex. 

Oldroyd, Roxanna India 224 W. Jackson Ave., Arkansas City, Kan. 

Overman, L. Belle Korea 713 S. Glendale Ave., Glendale, Calif. 

Park, Clara China Rawlings Sanitarium, Sandersville, Ga. 

Parks, Edith A Mexico 531 Drake St., San Antonio, Tex. 

Parmenter, Ona, R.N Southern Rhodesia 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif: 

Patterson, Gail India Rt. 1, Box 6422, Black Lick, Ohio 

Peacock, Nettie China 363 New St. Apts., Macon, Ga. 

Pearson, Mary Mexico 17 Yarmouth St., Boston, Mass. 

Peet, Azalia Japan 1826 Lake Rd., Webster, N. Y. 

Perkinson, Eliza Brazil 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Perrill, Mary Louise North India 122 Princeton Dr., S. E., Albuquerque, N. M. 

Peterson, Mrs. Armenia 

Thompson Philippines 123 Moore St., Seguin, Tex. 

Pider, Myrtle Z Japan 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Plumb, Florence China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Pool, Lydia India 917 N. 4th St., Burlington, Iowa 

Potthoff, Edna Mexico 2920 University Blvd., Houston, Tex. 

Powell, Alice China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Power, Elsie Burma 1016 Connecticut St., Lawrence, Kan. 

Pugh, Ada Malaya "Sandhurst," Charlton Pk., Keynsham, Bristol, England 

Putnam, Lela Brazil 3704 Southwestern, Dallas, Tex. 

Pyle, Martha China 2641 Forest, Kansas City, Mo. 

Quinton, Frances Southern Rhodesia 1015 E. Main St., Crawfordsville, Ind. 

Radley, Vena I China 612 University Ave., Syracuse 10, N. Y. 

Rahe, Cora L China 1141 Echo Park Ave., Los Angeles 26, Calif. 

Randall, Edith India 2019 E. 12 Ave., Winfield, Kan. 

Rank, Minnie Malaya 4312 Chicago Ave., Minneapolis 7, Minn. 

Rea, Lois Malaya Rt. 2, Box 443, Homestead, Fla. 

Reid, Mabel Burma Friendship Haven, Fort Dodge, Iowa 

Richardson, Faithe India Box 551, Orland, Calif. 

Roberts, Elizabeth Korea Hampshire Arms Hotel, Apt. 501, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Robinson, Louise China, Home Base 527 E. Main St., Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

Rogers, Maggie J China 437 Gift St., Marlin, Tex. 

Rossiter, Henrietta China 2310 Ninth Ave., East University Park, Iowa 

Rue, Margaret China 114 S. 38th St., Philadelphia 4, Pa. 

Ruggles, Ethel India 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Saunby, Dora, R. N India 123 Sycamore Park Dr., Los Angeles 31, Calif. 

Sayles, Florence, R.N China 573 S. Boyle Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Scharpff, Hanna Korea 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Search, Blanche China 20914 N. Berendo St., Los Angeles 4, Calif. 

Shannon, Ida L Japan 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Shannon, Dr. Mary E Burma, India 314 Greenwood St., Topeka, Kan. 

Sharp, Mrs. Alice Hammond .. Korea 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Sharpe, Dreta Cuba Ogeechee, Ga. 

Shelton, Mittie China, Mexico 912 N. 32nd St., Waco, Tex. 

Simonds, Mildred India 1143 11th St., S., San Jose, Calif. 

Simpson, Cora E., R.N China The Methodist Home, Chelsea, Mich. 

Smith, Bertha A Korea Rt. 1, Box 30, Marshall, Mo. 

Smith, Emilv North Africa 48 Kingsland Rd., Worthing, .Sussex, England 

Smith, Jennie India 4205 S. E. Knight St., Portland 6, Ore. 

Smith, Muriel China 5 Rectory Rd., Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset, England 

Snavely, Gertrude Korea 5033 Locust St., West Philadelphia 39, Pa. 

Spaulding, Winifred Philippines 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Sprowles, Alberta B Japan .New Hope, Pa. 

Stahl, Ruth China 796 19th St., San Bernardino, Calif. 

Stanford, Sue East China 1206 N. 15th St., Waco, Tex. 

Starkey, Bertha Japan c/o Howard Starkey, Cooley Farm, Warrensville, Ohio 

Staubli, Frieda China 114 Gladbachstrasse, Zurich 44, Switzerland 

Steger, Clara China 415 N. Main St., Mountain Grove, Mo. 

Stiehl, Mrs. Blanche Loucks.. China, Korea 624 Three Mile Rd., N. E., Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Foreign Missionaries — Retired 43 

Name Field Address 

Stockwell, Grace Burma 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Strow, Elizabeth M China 30 Bath Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Sutherland. May India 315 S. Chapel St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Swan, Hilda India 5010 W. Congress, Chicago 44, 111. 

Tarrant, Mary M China 437 Gift St., Marlin, Tex. 

Taylor, Erma M Japan 21 Hamilton Blvd., Kenmore, Buffalo. N. Y. 

Teague, Carolyn Japan Rt. 1, Hartsell, Ala. 

Thomas, Ethel Mexico Harwood Girls' School, 1114 N. 7th St., Albuquerque, N. M. 

Thomasson, Leona China 7831 7th Ave., S., Birmingham, Ala. 

Thompson, May Bel China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Todd, Althea M China 440 Lafayette Ave., Clifton, Cincinnati 20, Ohio 

Treager, Gazelle Malaya, Brazil 905 E. College St., Seguin, Tex. 

Trissel, Maude V Korea 505 N. Marengo Ave., Pasadena 3, Calif 

Trotter, Charlotte China 172 Onondaga St., Lewiston, N. Y. 

Troy, Nina China 114 S. Mendenhall, Greensboro, N. C. 

Tucker, Bertha Korea, Cuba Crawfordsville, Ga. 

Tuttle, Leila China Lenoir, N. C. 

Tyhurst, Fern Sinkey China 1677 W. 256th St., Harbor City, Calif. 

Urech, Lydia Malaya 20 Zeltweg, Zurich 32, Switzerland 

Vail, Lucile Mexico 229 Maine Ave., Long Beach 2, Calif. 

Vandegrift, Frances Peru 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Wagner, Dora A Japan 1144 University, Wichita 12, Kan. 

Wagner, Ellasue Korea No. 6 Staley Apts., 6 Franklin St., Bristol, Tenn. 

Wallace, L. Ethel China 2036 Semlin Dr., Vancouver 12, B. C, Canada 

Warner, Emma E India Rt. 1, Winslow, Ark. 

Wasson, Julia M China Shannon, Miss. 

Waters, Alice China Murray, Ky. 

Watrous, Mary China 24 Pioneer St., Cooperstown, N. Y. 

Waugh, Nora India 290 Grand View St., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Webb, Lucy Jim China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Wells, Annie M China 1439 N. Garfield Ave., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Westcott, Pauline China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Wheeler, Maude China 714 Locust St., Pasadena 4, Calif. 

White, Anna Laura Japan 3984% Oregon St., San Diego, Calif. 

White, Marv Culler China Oxford, Ga 

White, Mary Lou Cuba 641 Redgate Ave., Norfolk 7, Va. 

Whiteley, Martha North Africa 1002 Rural Ave., Williamsport, Pa. 

Whitmer, Harriet China Montreat College. Montreat, N. C. 

Whittaker. M. Lotte Burma 1448 Burgess St., New Westminster, B. C. 

Wilcox, Alice China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Williams. Anna Bell Japan Vance, S. C. 

Wilson, Retta India 201/2 Perry, Union City, Pa. 

Winslow, Annie S India 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Witham, Lois China 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Woodruff, Frances E China Round Lake, N. Y. 

Woodruff, Mabel China Round Lake, N. Y. 

Youtsey, Edith China 1731 E. Lewis, Wichita 7, Kan. 



DEACONESSES IN ACTIVE SERVICE 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Adams, Kate Walker Methodist Home 3701 Bryant Ave., S., Minneapolis 9, Minn. 

Adams, Ruth E Vashti School Thomasville, Ga. 

Aldrich, Helen G George O. Robinson School Santurce 34, Puerto Rico 

Alexander, Roberta J Five Point Mission 1175 Madison Ave., New York 28, N. Y. 

Allen, Eunice A Tacoma Community House 1311 S. "M" St.. Tacoma 3, Wash. 

Almon, Martha Rural Work Box 337, Pahala, Hawaii 

Anderson. Grace The Methodist Church Cambridge, Iowa 

.Anderson, Verdie Sabbatical leave Scarritt College, Nashville, Tenn. 

Angell, Frances L 956 Philadelphia St., Indiana, Pa. 

Armes, Doris L George O. Robinson School Santurce 34, Puerto Rico 

Arnold, Esther E St. John's of Hamilton 608 Cathedral St., Baltunore 1, Md. 

Arnold, Grace Leave — home duties 716 E. 10th St., Winfield, Kan. 

.\mold, Katharine S Wesley Community House 150 Colima St., San Antonio. Tex. 

.\rold, Lydia Bethany Deaconess Hospital 237 St. Nicholas Ave., Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 

Badgett, E. Grace Pemiscot County Larger Parish Box 607, Caruthersville, Mo. 

Baker, Ella B First Methodist Church 2352 Broadway, Oakland 12, Calif. 

Baker, Marie The Methodist Church Medina, Ohio 

Ballance. Ethelynde M Rural Work Rt. 3, Rockingham, N. C. 

Ballou, Frances C First Methodist Church 30O0 Bridge Ave., Cleveland 13, Ohio 

Bame, Fannie A Bethlehem Center 1336 Conklin Ave., Augusta, Ga. 

Banman, Anna K Robincroft Rest Home 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Barber, Cleo Homer Toberman Settlement 131 N. Grand Ave., San Pedro, Calif. 

Bamett, Ola Lee Allen High School 331 College St., Asheville, N. C. 

Barnwell, Mary Lou Board of Missions 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Bartholomew, Ruth L Paine College... Augusta, Ga. 

Bartruff, Pauline Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Baxter, Edna M Hartford Seminary Foundation 55 Elizabeth St., Hartford 5, Conn. 

Beall, Julia E Asbury College Wilmore, Ky. 

Beames, Frances Minnie Nay Settlement House 43 Marshall St., Benwood, W. Va. 



44 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Bebermeyer, Martha A Spanish Work, Epworth Church 1130 Slst St., Denver 5, Colo. 

Beck, Myrtle Helping Hand Mission 920 4th St., Sioux City, Iowa 

Beecher, Bertha E The Christ Hospital Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

Berkley, Ruby B Bethelehem Center 2921 Thomas Ave., Dallas 4, Tex. 

Berry, Evelyn Leave Isiiljella Thoburn College, Lucknow, India 

Bess, Margaret C Mississippi Rural Center Box 229, Columbia, Miss. 

Bilger, M. Ida Bethlehem Center 1016 State St., Richmond, Va. 

Bland, Mary Elizabeth Christian Education Field Work 67 Cedar St., Oshkosh, Wis. 

Blaschko, Mary L Trinity Methodist Church 1506 E. 35th St., Kansas City, Mo. 

Bloomer, Evelyn P Council of Churches Evansville, Ind. 

Bloomster, Doris E Bisti School and Community Center .....Box 877, Farmington, N. M. 

Blount, Beatrice Council of Churches 108 Mason St., Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

Bogardus, La Donna M Board of Education Box 871, Nashville, Tenn. 

Bollinger, Gladj'S M Peek Home Polo, 111. 

Bond, Mary Lou Bethlehem Center 749 Walker Ave., Memphis, Tenn. 

Bope, Mary L Wesley Community House 2502 N. Akard St., Dallas, Tex. 

Bower, Gladice National College 5123 Truman Rd., Kansas City, Mo. 

Bowers, Betty E Delia C. Lamb Neighborhood House 702 Admiral Blvd., Kansas City, Mo. 

Bratton, A. Katherine Hamline Methodist Church 4825 16th St., N. W., Washington 11, D. C. 

Brewer, Clara L Methodist Union Office 3348 Bonaparte Ave., Cincinnati 7, Ohio 

Bridwell, Mrs. Lois Young Leave — health 1825 E. Mmnezona, Phoenix, Ariz. 

Brooks, Cynthia H Allen High School 331 College St., Asheville, N. C. 

Brooks, Margaret M Leave — home duties 220 11th Ave., Moline, 111. 

Brown, Darla Latin American Mission 2502 N. Akard, Dallas, Tex. 

Bryan, Lulu B Neighborhood House 506 Fourth St., Calexico, Calif. 

Bucke, Martha R South Side Settlement House 72 S. Washington St., Columbus 15, Ohio 

Burch, Eva N Deaconess Children's Home 2120 Highland Ave., Everett, Wash. 

Bumton, Martha E Sheepshead Bay Methodist Church 2029 Schenectady Ave., 

Brookly-n 34, N. Y. 

Burris, Emma G Board of Missions 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Cameron, Mary C Sue Bennett College London, Ky. 

Campbell, Barbara Ellen Niedringhaus Memorial Methodist Church.... P. O. Box 8, Granite City, 111. 

Campbell, Lucille Methodist Old People's Home 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40, 111. 

Carter, Mrs. Edith M Boylan-Haven School 1214 Jessie St., Jacksonville, Fla. 

Carter, Helen V McCarty Conmiunity House 105 Second St., Cedartown, Ga. 

Chaffin, Mary E North Arkansas Rural Work Box 327, Melbourne, Ark. 

Chandler, Mrs. Eula M New York Deaconess Association. . .1175 Madison Ave., New York 28, N. Y. 

Chandler, Mamiej Wesley Foundation, Eastern Teachers College 601 E. 5th St., 

Greenville, N. C. 

Cheever, Mrs. Mildred B The Methodist Home Chelsea, Mich. 

Clark, Dorothy M Cookson Hills Center Cookson, Okla. 

Clark, Homie R HoUoway Deaconess Home 303 Howard St., Bridgeport, Ohio 

Clark, Mabel V Wesley Community House 150 Colima St., San Antonio, Tex. 

Clarke, Marie K Mt. Zion Community Center 114 S. 3«th St., Philadelphia 4, Pa. 

Clipper, Flora Marcy Center 1539 S. Springfield Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

Cobum, May J Miami Latin Center 1200 N. E. Miami Court, Miami 32, Fla. 

Coger, Naomi Vashti School 'Thomasville, Ga. 

Conover, T. Jeanne Northwest Texas Conference Children's Work 209 Whiteside Bldg., 

Lubbock, Tex. 

Cook, Olive A Trmity Methodist Church 215 Lancaster St., Albany 10, N. Y. 

Cooling, M. Elizabeth Illinois Wesleyan Bloomington, 111. 

Coon, Edna P Methodist Children's Home Box 348, Mechaniosburg, Pa. 

Coulter, Osta A Canton District 1323 10th St., N. W., Canton 3, Ohio 

Courtney, Ella V North Georgia Rural Work Carrollton, Ga. 

Cox, Angie M Broad Street Methodist Church Kingsport, Tenn. 

Crenshaw, Eva Wesley Community Center 229 Henry St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Cupp, Roma A Scarritt College Nashville 5, i'enn. 

Curt, Edith M Frances DePauw Home 4952 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood 27, Calif. 

Dangers, Mary S Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Daniels, Florence Scott Memorial Methodist Church 609 E. Kirby St., Detroit 2, Mich. 

Daves, Fae L St. Mark's Community Center 1130 N. Rampart St., New Orleans 16, La. 

Davis, Myrta Muhlenberg Methodist Settlement Rt. 4, Central City, Ky. 

Day, Lillian Broadmoor Methodist Churcli 705 Ockley Dr., Shreveport, La. 

Decker, Ruth E First Methodist Church Westfield, Mass. 

DeGraff, Doris J Eastern Kansas Rural Work Wathena, Kan. 

DePonceau, Anna M Lexington Methodist Church 1175 Madison Ave., New York 28, N. Y. 

Devine, Etta Navajo Methodist Mission School Box 877, Farmington, N. M. 

Diaz, Dolores R Robincroft Rest Home 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Divers, Rachel J Bethlehem Center 1417 Charlotte Ave., Nashville, Tenn. 

Dixon, Carrie N Board of Missions 210 First St., Perth Araboy, N. J. 

Dodd, M. Dorothy Minnie Nay Settlement House 43 Marshall St., Benwood, W. Va. 

Dolby, Eleanor L First Methodist Church Box 1876, Modesto, Calif. 

Donahue, Mrs. Man' J. Ward.. Deaconess Home 114 S. 38th St., Philadelphia 4. Pa. 

Douglass, Beulah A Methodist Hospital 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Dower, Zillah J Fliedner Hall 144 Broadway, Pawtucket, R. I. 

Drais, Lenora 

Duhigg, Ada B Highland Boy Community House. ..Rt. 1, Box 30-B, Bingham Canyon, Utah 

Dumke, Marjorie J Wesley House 103 N. 15th Ave., Phoenix, Ariz. 

Dunker, D. Barbara Navajo Methodist Mission School Box 877, Farmington, N. M. 

Dutcher, Louise E First Methodist Church Jopltn, Mo. 

Dutrow, Clara I First Methodist Church 3315 W. Military', Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Ebel, Pauline E Highland Terrace Methodist Church 714 Steves St., San Antonio, Tex. 

Eble, Pearl L Susannah Wesley Hall 223 29th St., Newport News, Va. 



Deaconesses in Active Service 45 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Eddy, Pearl M Leave— home duties 310 S. 9th St., Salina, Kan. 

Edgerton, Mabel E Vashti School Thomasville, Ga. 

Edick, Helen M Hartford Seminary Foundation 106 Niles St., Hartford 5, Conn. 

Edwards, Esther Erie School Olive Hill, Ky. 

Edwards, Pearle Wesley Community House 1024 E. Main St., Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Ellis, Lillian B Metcalfe Community House Rt. 1, Dunbar, Pa. 

Elmer, Hulda Leave— home duties Star Route, Marlin, Wash. 

Eisner, G. Ella Linnton Community Center. .10614 N. W. St. Helen's Rd., Portland 10, Ore. 

Emory, Ruth P St. Luke's Methodist Church 1516 N. Harvey, Oklahoma City 3, Okla. 

Engel, Bertha Marcy Center 1S39 S. Springfield Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

Erickson, Constance W 

Eslinger, Florence K Jefferson Avenue Methodist Church 451 Marlborough, Detorit 15, Mich. 

Estep, Bessie L Maynard-MacDougal Hospital Box 181, Nome, Alaska 

Esterline, Kathryn E Open Door Community House 2405 Second Ave., Columbus, Ga. 

Eubanks, Moselle G Bethlehem Center 920 N. Blair St., Jackson, Miss. 

Ewart, Marjorie R Board of Education 115 N. Fifth St., Camden 2, N. J. 

Ewing, Betsy K Scarritt College Nashville 5, Tenn. 

Ezell, Catherine Holston Valley Rural Work Box 582, Johnson City, Tenn. 

Falls, Vera R National College Rural Work 5123 Truman Rd., Kansas City 27, Mo. 

Farrell, Mae A March Center 1539 S. Springfield Ave., Chicago 23, HI. 

Farrington, Alice E McCrum Community House 26 Nutt Ave., Uniontown, Pa. 

Faust, Loma M Bethany Hospital and Home 5025 N. Paulina St., Chicago 40, 111. 

Fendenheim, Mary M Bataan Memorial Methodist Hospital Albuquerque, N. M. 

Fennema, Helen G Sal)batical leave Scarritt College, Nashville 5, Tenn. 

Ferguson, Ruth E George O. Robinson School Santurce 34, Puerto Rico 

Fernandez, Beatrice M Houchen Settlement 1119 E. Sth St., El Paso, Tex. 

Fetzer, Sophia Fairmont Subdistrict Mission Work 226 Walnut Ave., Fairmont, W. Va. 

Flaherty, Ruth A Deaconess Home and Community Center. .278 Kaighn Ave., Camden, N. J. 

Flood, Jennie D West Virginia Coal Fields Box 604, Roderfield, W. Va. 

Floyd, Mary F Pfeiffer College Misenheimer, N. C. 

Foust, Lee Ola Wesley House 129 Wharf Ave., Nashville, Tenn. 

Frakes, Marie H Deaconess Home and Community Center 278 Kaighn Ave., Camden, N. J. 

Frame, Ruth A Leave — for study Hartford Seminary, 55 Elizabeth St., Hartford 5, Conn. 

Frey, Catherine E Children's Home 63.50 Main St., Williamsville 21, N. Y. 

Fuessler, Ruth Weslev Community House 2131 N. Commerce, Ft. Worth, Tex. 

Fullmer, L. Mae Washington Deaconess Home 4825 16th St., N. W., Washington 11, D. C. 

Fulmer, F. Fern The Methodist Union The Christ Hospital, Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

Funk, Alice M The Methodist Publishing House. .. .6338 S. Eggleston Ave., Chicago 21. 111. 

Garrett, Phyllis J Bethany Methodi.st Church I.32IV2 S. Wichita, Wichita, Kan. 

Garrett, Sarah May Seward Sanatorium Bartlett P. O., Seward, Alaska 

Garrison, Ula M Newark District Ill 3rd Ave.. Newark, N. J. 

Garwood, Florence Leave — home duties Box 453, Blackwell, Okla. 

Gerkens, Agnes W Memorial Hospital 345 Park St., Casper, Wyo. 

Giancola, Anna G Jefferson Avenue Methodist Church 14456 E. Jefferson Ave., 

Detroit 15, Mich. 

Gibby, Carol L Florida Rural Work c/o J. O. McDonald, Pinetta, Fla. 

Gibson, Patricia M Houchen Settlement 1119 E. 5th St., El Paso, Tex. 

Gilbert, Ola Wayside Community House 811 E. Tuscarawas St., Canton 2, Ohio 

Gilwick, Mrs. Edna P Methodist Old People's Home 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40, 111. 

Gipson, Frieda M National College 5123 Truman Rd., Kansas Citv 27, Mo. 

Gist, Lucy R Bethlehem Center 970 E. Hsmbolt St., Ft. Worth, Tex. 

Gleason, Dorothy C Millbrae Community Methodist Church 170 Poplar Ave., Millbrae, Calif. 

Gleiser, Nellie V Frances DePauw Home 4952 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood 27, Calif. 

Glendinning, Mary E Browning Home and Mather Academy Camden, S. C. 

Glenn, Cora Lee North Mississippi Rural Work luka. Miss. 

Goetz, Adena L Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Goode, Betty Ruth Sabbatical leave Scarritt College, Nashville 5, Tenn. 

Goodier, Lura J First Methodist Church 315 W. Oklahoma, Blackwell, Okla. 

Goodwin, Pauline M Leave — for study University of Tennessee School of Social Work, 

Nashville, Tenn. 

Green, Evelyn H Indian Mission Cooperative Work Box 4029, Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Greene, Beatrice E Leave — home duties 930 W. 4th St.. Spencer, Iowa 

Greer, Mae I Wesley Community House 1520 Sth Ave., Meridian, Miss. 

Gripman, Merle A National Council of Churches of Christ in the U. S. A 1175 Madison Ave., 

New York 28, N. Y. 

Grisham, Carolyn D St. Mark's Community Center 1130 N. Rampart St., New Orleans 16, La. 

Gnienewald, Mary E East Omak, Riverside, ConconuUy Churches Box 153, Riverside, Wash. 

Guigou, Emily C Moore Community House 932 Davis St., Biloxi, Miss. 

Guilkey, Ethel L Deaconess Hospital Spokane 4, Wash. 

Hammer, Ruth The Christ Hospital Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

Hanley, Nora M The Methodist Church Box 938, Liberal, Kan. 

Hanson, Martha M Grand Avenue Methodist Church 205 E. 9th St., Kansas City 6, Mo. 

Hanton, Marjorie E North Barre Community House 101 Smith St., Barre, Vt. 

Harding, Dorothy E First Methodist Church 1185 Willamette St., Eugene, Ore. 

Harding, Orianna F Deaconess Hospital .14 Autumn St., Boston, Mass. 

Harrell, Mabel K Wesley Community House 342 Richardson St., S. W., Atlanta, Ga. 

Harris, Neoma M Children's Worker in Hospitals 1175 Madison Ave., New York 28, N. Y. 

Harrison, Jeannetta Leave— home duties 166 Avenue A, S. W., Winter Haven, Fla. 

Harwood, Mary E Lake Bluff Orphanage 200 Scranton Ave., Lake Bluff, 111. 

Hatz, Dora E Lake Bluff Orphanage 200 Scranton Ave., Lake Bluff, 111. 

Hays, Gladys M Leave— home duties Box 277, Worthington, Ind. 

Heath, Thelma R Bethlehem Center 2500 Elmwood Ave., Columbia, S. C. 

Heatherington, Irene Ethel Harpst Home Cedartown, Ga. 



46 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Hedman, Mary C New York Deaconess Home 1175 Madison Ave., New York 28, N. Y. 

Hempel, Lena Bethany Deaconess Hospital 237 St. Nicholas Ave., Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 

Hendricks, Lillie J Harwood Girls' School 1114 N. 7th St., Albuquerque, N. M. 

Hewes, Mildred J Thoburn Terrace 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Hickok, Eleanore E Cherokee Methodist Mission Cherokee, N. C. 

Hight, Margaret E Southwest Texas Rural Work Box 6, Fentress, Tex. 

Hill, Helene R Methodist Mission 1220 N. 7th St., Harrisburg, Pa. 

Hill, Mary E Leave— home duties 1914 Fifth St., Sarasota, Fla. 

Hobbs, Gladys L City Missionary Society 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Hodkins, Margaret I Bethlehem Center 301 S. Caldwell, Charlotte, N. C. 

Hoffman, Sara Gene First Methodist Church Houston, Tex. 

Hoge, Ora Marie Robincroft Rest Home 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Holt, Ruth E Leave — for study Scarritt College, Nashville 5, Tenn. 

Hook, Dorothy A Centre Methodist Church 7 Washington St., Maiden 48, Mass. 

Hoole, Mary A Deaconess Hospital Glasgow, Mont. 

Hooper, Lottie Ora Vashti School Thomasville, Ga. 

Hoppock, Mearle R Goodwill Industries, San Bernardino, Calif 274 W. Johnston St. 

Colton, Calif. 

Home, Martha E Valley Institute Box 56, Pharr, Tex. 

Horner, Hazel M Philadelphia Deaconess Home 114 S. 38th St., Philadelphia 4, Pa. 

Howard, Janett E The Methodist Church 125 W. College St., Covina, Calif. 

Hiick, Mary Lou Community Methodist Church 560 El Camino Real, San Bruno, Calif. 

Hudgin, Ruby F West Tennessee Rural Work Box 323, Lexington, Tenn. 

Huffman, Mabel C Navajo Methodist Mission School Box 877, Farmington, N. M. 

Huitema, Sylvia Wood Junior College Box 65, Mathiston, Miss. 

Humphrey, Melva J Bethlehem Center 530 N. E. 6th St., Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Humphreys, Maurine L Milwaukee Deaconess Home 917 N. 11th St.. Milwaukee 3, Wis. 

Hundt, Ramona Marcy Center 1539 S. Springfield Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

Huskey, Marjorie L Government Street Methodist Church Mobile 20, Ala. 

Ice, Alta Leave — for study 1102 19th Ave., S., Nashville, Tenn. 

Jacobs, Ruth A Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Jamieson, Addie M Georgia Cooperative Work 483 College St., Macon, Ga. 

Jenkins, Erma Vashti School Thomasville, Ga. 

Johnson, Clara R The Christ Hospital Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

Johnson, DeLaris L Navajo Methodist Mission School Box 877, Farmington, N. M. 

Johnson, Helen L Board of Missions 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Johnson, Rosamond Wesley Community House 342 Richardson St., S. W., Atlanta, Ga. 

Johnston, L. Darleen Ijcave — health Norwich, Kan. 

Jones, Edna V Erie School Olive Hill, Ky. 

Jones, Nellie M Esther Hall 347 S. 4th East St., Salt Lake City 2, Utah 

Jordan, Edith M Carter Memorial Methodist Church 609 Hunnewell St., 

Needham Heights, Mass. 

Judd, Dorothy A Broadway Methodist Church 3000 Bridge Ave., Cleveland 13, Ohio 

Jury, Florence R Open Door Community House 2405 Second Ave., Columbus, Ga. 

Kasse, Linda E Bethany Deaconess Hospital 237 St. Nicholas Ave., Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 

Kee, Sarah J Holston Rural Work Box 503, Honaker, Va. 

Keeler, Dale C Council of Churches of Christ of Allegheny County 419 Lloyd St., 

Pittsburgh 8, Pa. 

Keim, Evelyn O Sabbatical leave Scarritt College, Nashville 5, Tenn. 

Kelley, Dorothy M Rural Work Box 207, DeQueen, Ark. 

Kelley, Pearlye Maye Louisiana Polytechnic Institute Ruston, La. 

Kelly, Lillian M Miami Latin Center 1200 N. E. Miami Ct., Miami, Fla. 

Keneval, Nellie Mae New York Deaconess Association. ...1175 Madison Ave., New York 28, N. Y. 

Kern, A. Ruth Freeman Clinic 1119 E. 5th St., EI Paso, Tex. 

Kewish, Mona E Marcy Center 1539 S. Springfield Ave., Chicago 23, 111. 

Kieffer, Frances M City Missionary and Church 44 E. 26th St., Baltimore 18, Md. 

Kiehlbaiich, Annette The Methodist Church Rt. 2. Box 105, Vashon, Wash. 

Killey, Marcella M Bethlehem Center 354 S. Church St., Spartanburg, S. C. 

Kinch, Alberta R Deaconess Hospital Spokane 4, Wash. 

Krant, Helene M Deaconess Hospital 910 Kennedy Ave., Havre, Mont. 

Kreutziger, Susan Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Kruger, Leota E Wesley Community House 562 N. 5th St., Memphis, Tenn. 

Kuntz, Sophie E Nellie Burge Community Center 1226 Clay St., Montgomery, Ala. 

Lancaster, Ruth E Rogers Memorial Methodist Church 88 Oakley Village, Baltimore 28, Md. 

Larcom, Lena G Bancroft-Tavlor Rest Home 74 Cookman, Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Lardin, Beryl E St. Paul and' St. Andrew Church 1175 Madison Ave., New York 28, N. Y. 

Lary, Madeline E Leave — home duties Gorham, N. H. 

I>aw, Louise First Methodist Church Box 245, Greenville, Miss. 

Lawton, Rae Social Work 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Leach, Helen M Patapsco Methodist Church 2S28 E. Baltimore St., Baltimore 24, Md. 

Leeper, Alpharetta Board of Missions 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

I^ehn, Ethel M Leave — health reasons 620 Center St., Waukegan, 111. 

Lemons, Leone Southwest Missouri Rural Work Marshfield, Mo. 

Leonard, Alice I Methodist Church Home. .4499 Manhattan College Pky., New York 71, N. Y. 

Ijetzig, Betty J Central Methodist Church Rogers, Ark. 

Leveridge, Ura A Holding Institute Laredo, Tex. 

Lewton, Effie M Bidwell-Riverside Community Center 2561 Onawa, Des Moines 16, Iowa 

Lienhard, Rose Scarlet Oaks Home Cincinnati 20, Ohio 

Little, Dorothy E Houchen Settlement 1119 E. 5th St.. El Paso, Tex. 

Littlejohn, Mary Beth South Carolina Rural Work Pacolet, S. C. 

Long, Helen D Govans Methodist Church 3517 Old York Rd., Baltimore 18, Md. 

l/owry. Carmen Eliza Dee Hall 1203 East Ave., Austin, Tex. 

Lukens, M. Edna Browning Home and Mather Academy Camden, S. C. 



Deaconesses in Active Service 47 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Lummis, Gladys Chicago Training School Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. 

Lyman, Leah Belle St. James Methodist Church 2562 E. Water St., Tucson, Ariz. 

McCalUsler, Grace Methodist Old People's Home 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40, 111. 

McCarler, Iva E Peek Home Polo, 111. 

McClellan, Lalah G Wesley Methodist Church 3000 Bridge Ave., Cleveland 13, Ohio 

McCormick, Lucile Methodist Old People's Home 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40, 111. 

McCracken, Sarah K Leave— home duties 1308 W. Markham Ave., Durham, N. C. 

McUannell, Kuth D Central Pennsylvania Rural Work Star Rt., HarnsonviUe, Pa. 

McF'errin, Verna Deaconess Hospital Spokane 4, Wash. 

McKee, Beatrice Cunningham Children's Home 905 N. Cunningham, Urbana, 111. 

McKeenian, E. Pearle Esther Hall 1002 S. Broadway, Wichita 11, Kan. 

McKenzie, iNIary Annie Middle Tennessee Rural Work Waynesboro, Tenn. 

McLaughlin, Margaret D Wesley Community House 431 S. W. 11th, Oklahoma City, Okla. 

McNabb, Ueva 1 Frances DePamv Home 4952 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood 27, Calif. 

McNish, Mary F The Methodist Church Park Ridge, 111. 

McVeigh, Blanche Montana Deaconess School 1539 11th Ave., Helena, Mont. 

Mandlebaum, Helen B Wesley Community House 805 E. Washington St., Louisville, Ky. 

Marquart, Lois L Southwest Missouri Rural Work Box 68, Warrensburg, Mo. 

Marsiiall, Margaret Scott's Run Settlement Box 147, Osage, W. Va. 

Martin, Inez Wesley Community House 1011 Elysian, Houston, Tex. 

Matkin, Iva Lou Board of Missions 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

May, Mildred L Highland Boy Community House... Rt. 1, Box 30-B, Bingham Canyon, Utah 

Mayhall, Ruth M Sabbatical leave Florida State University, Tallahassee, Fla. 

Maxwell, Gene E .^ .West Wisconsin Rural Work Phillips, Wis. 

Meredith, Helen Aiken Hall Olive Hill, Ky. 

Merritt, Arlene Wesley Community House 1100 Varela St., Key West, Fla. 

Melzger, Mabel M Robincroft Rest Home 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Miller, Carrie Lindsey Wilson College Columbia, Ky. 

Miller, Mrs. Delia M Children's Farm Home 729 S. W. Alder St., Portland 5, Ore. 

Miller, Margaret L David and Margaret Home for Children 1350 Thud St., La Verne, Calif. 

Mills, Menie First Methodist Church 520 Humboldt, Manhattan, Kan. 

Millsap, Kathryn A Wesley Hospital Wichita, Kan. 

Mitchell, Nellie Phelps Memorial Methodist Church 3607 Emerson Ave., 

Parkersburg, W. Va. 

Moorman, Wortley Thoburn Terrace 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Morris, Frieda M North Barre Community House 101 Smith St., Barre, Vt. 

Mort, Lora M Wesley House 129 Wharf Ave., Nashville, Tenn. 

Morton, Beulah T Valley Institute Box 56, Pharr, Tex. 

Moyer, Nancy J George O. Robinson School Santurce 34, Puerto Rico 

Murdock, Alice E Washington Avenue Methodist Church 729 Nebraska Ave., 

Kansas City, Kan. 

Murphree, Evelyn V The Methodist Home Hospital 815 Washington Ave., New Orleans, La. 

Murrell, H. Ruth Seward General Hospital Seward, Alaska 

Murray, Louise Neighborhood House 506 Fourth St., Calexico, Calif. 

Myer, A. Adair Bethlehem Center 1016 State St., Richmond, Va. 

Myers, Ivy G The Methodist Publishing House 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Nearhood, Alice M 422 E. 1st Ave., Mitchell, S. D. 

Neuling, Haydee Leave — health 5914 W. Erie St., Chicago 44, 111. 

Newberry, Edna Deaconess Hospital Wenatchee, Wash. 

Newcomb, Kathryn National College 5123 Truman Rd., Kansas City 27, Mo. 

Nichols, E. Louise Board of Missions 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Nichols, Mary E KiUingsworth Home 1830 Senate St., Columbia, S. C. 

Norton, Dorothy E First Methodist Church 793 Mam St., Clean, N. Y. 

Nowlin, Elizabeth Centenary Methodist Institute 612 Monroe St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Nuendel, Paula Bethany Deaconess Hospital 237 St. Nicholas Ave., Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 

Nuttall, Shiela E St. Tammany Parish Rural Work Box 6, Lacombe, La. 

Nye, Alta W Eastern North Carolina Rural Work Semora, N. C. 

Oakland, Ruby Chicago Deaconess Home 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Orrell, Beatrice Wesley Community House 1100 Varela St., Key West, Fla. 

Osborne, Helen A Wesley Community House 1115 S. Jackson, Amarillo, Tex. 

Owen, Reva A Shields Valley Methodist Churches Clyde Park, Mont. 

Palmer, Esther G Uumas Wesley House 2732 Mill St., Mobile 17, Ala. 

Palmer, Orva M Deaconess Children's Home 2120 Highland Ave., Everett, Wash. 

Parker, Annie Brewster Hospital 1640 Jefferson St., Jacksonville, Fla. 

Parker, Gertrude Maye Community Church Box 422, Joshua Tree, Calif. 

Parsell, Miriam A St. James Methodist Church. ..Tabor Rd. at Water St., Philadelphia 20, Pa. 

Patterson, Joyce Raye Conference Youth Work Baldwin, Kan. 

Pease, Bessie G The Methodist Church Rt. 2, Box 105, Vashon, Wash. 

Peppiatt, Minnie F Fourth Avenue Methodist Church 345 50th St., Brooklyn 20, N. Y. 

Perry, Constance Bethlehem Center 1401 College St., Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Perry, H. Louise Mary Elizabeth Inn 1040 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. 

Pflueger, Martha M Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Piper, Mary Louise Xavajo Methodist Mission School Box 877, Farmington, N. M. 

Pope, Ruth I Board of Missions 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Poppe, Genevieve C Mary Todd Gambrill Neighborhood House. .307 West St., Wilmington 1, Del. 

Porter, Edith F Fryeburg Harbor and Stow Charges Fryeburg Harbor, Me. 

Porter, Willie May First Methodist Church 27 S. Spring, La Grange, 111. 

Powell, Gamett G Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Powell, Phoebe P First Methodist Church Houston 2, Tex. 

Powers, Lela I Delia C. Lamb Neighborhood House 702 Admiral Bldg., Kansas City, Mo. 

Price, Doris A Los Angeles General Hospital 1743y- Sichel St., Los Angeles 31, Calif. 

Propert, Jennie A Mary Todd Gambrill Neighborhood House. .307 West St., Wilmington 1, Del. 

Pryor, Elisabeth Ferrum Junior College Femim, Va. 



48 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Pylman, Myrtle E Erie School Olive Hill, Ky. 

Kaudall, Lily L Metliodisl Home for tlie Aged 5343 Hamilton Ave., Cincinnati 24, Ohio 

Reagei, Maurine E Interboard Council 2100 S. Josephine, Denver 10, Colo. 

Keeves, Helen B Wesley Community House 2U0 Cherokee 8t., St. Joseph, Mo. 

Ueich, Bertha E Deaconess Hospital Wenatchee, Wash. 

Keichmann, Dorothea Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Held, Dorothea M Kosa Valdez fSettlemeni Box 4183, Tampa, Fla. 

Reuter, Grace M line School Olive Hill, Ky.. 

Reynolds, G. Birdie Wesley Community House 1520 8th Ave., Meridian, Miss. 

Rhodes, Dons J Social Work Windham, Ohio 

Rhodes, Edna M Church of the Saviour 10308 Shaker Blvd., Cleveland 4, Ohio 

Ricklord, Millie Newark Hospital and Freeman Clinic 1119 K. 5th St., El Paso, Tex. 

Riddle, Mary R Southside Community Center 518 S. Guadalupe St., San Marcos, Tex. 

Ringer, Lucile Leave — home duties Round Mountain, Ala. 

Ristme, Ethel Southern California- Arizona Conference Board of Education 125 E. Sunset 

Blvd., Los Angeles 12, Calif. 

Robb, Ruth M Montana Deaconess School 1539 E. 11th Ave., Helena, Mont. 

Robbins, Laura Harwood Girls' School 1114 N. 7th St., Albuquerque, N. M. 

Robmson, Jonell First Methodist Church 310 W. Washington St., Greenwood, Miss. 

Robinson, Lelia M Sager-Brown Home Baldwin, La. 

Robmson, Martha Whosoever Settlement 310 S. San Saba St., San Antonio, Tex. 

Roesler, Emma C Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Rogers, Aunie Mclver Bethlehem Center 266 W. Hampton Ave., Spartanburg, S. C. 

Rothrock, Patricia S Central Methodist Church 334 W. Pine St., Mt. Airy, N. C. 

Rubins, Geneva A Bettiesda Hosp|ital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Russell, L. Cornelia Board of Missions 150 Fifth Ave., New York 11, N. Y. 

Russell, Dorothy M Wesley Community Work 431 S. W. 11th St., Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Russell, Rubye E Ensley Community House 1400 Avenue H, Ensley 8, Ala. 

Rust, Lena Mae Texas Mission Home and Training School Box 2117, San Antonio, Tex. 

Ryan, Mary J Frances DePauw Home 4952 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood 27, Calif. 

Sanders, Oscie A Sue Bennett College London , Ky . 

Sawtelle, Bertie M The Methodist Church Lyie, Wash. 

Schnackel, Ida Leave — home duties Box 123, Hancock, Iowa 

Schneider, Ida Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Schrader, Willie M Wesley Chapel Methodist Church 620 Crown St., Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Schreiner, Meredith L Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Schwab, Lily R Petworth Methodist Church.. . .4825 16th St., N. W., Washington 11, D. C. 

Sexton, Edna M Jesse Lee Home Seward, Alaska 

Shacklette, Mary M Ensley Community House 1400 Avenue H, Ensley 8, Ala. 

Sheppard, Cecelia Paine College Augusta, Ga. 

Shough, Aiy M Jesse Lee Home Seward, Alaska 

Smee, Nola I Boylan-Haven School 1214 Jessie St., Jacksonville, Fla. 

Smith, Alice M Robincroft Rest Home 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Smith, Helen May First Methodist Church 1338 E. Santa Clara St., Ventura, Calif. 

Smith, Martha O Goodwill Industries 3232 Summit, Kansas City, Mo. 

Smith, Ruth A Leave — for study Garrett Biblical Institute, Evanston, 111. 

Sochor, Bozena McCrum Community House 26 Nutt Ave., Uniontown, Pa. 

Sommerville, Barbara L Northwest Texas Conference Youth Work 209 Whiteside Bldg., 

Lubbock, Tex. 

Sprengle, Lucile First Methodist Church Box 086, East Wenatchee, W^ash. 

Stafford, Maigarett V Grant Hall and Elmore Home 917 N. 11th St., Milwaukee 3, Wis. 

Stahley, Mollie F Springfield Weekday School 1010 Redbud Lane, Springfield, Ohio 

Starkebaum, Ida Young Woman's Bethany Home 824 W. Armitage Ave., Chicago 14, 111. 

Steele, Hilda S Bethany Home and Hospital 1614 Ainslie St., Chicago 40, 111. 

Stentz, Jane C The Methodist Publishing House 810 Broadway, Nashville 2, Tenn. 

Sterling, Elizabeth George O. Robinson School Santurce 34, Puerto Rico 

Stevens, Florence S Providence Deaconess Home 136 Prairie Ave., Providence 5, R. I. 

Stewart, Ilo L George O. Robinson School Santurce 34, Puerto Rico 

Stewart, Martha B Holston Valley Rural Work Box 435, Jasper, Tenn. 

Stewart, Mary Belle Methodist Union of Greater Detroit 6865 Mettetal, Detroit 28, Mich. 

Stimson, Margaret L Highland Boy Community House. .Rt. 1, Box 30-B, Bingham Canyon, Utah 

Stinogel, Edna M Austin Methodist Church 500 N. Central Ave., Chicago 44, III. 

Stockton, Eunice E Moore Community House 932 Davis St., Biloxi, Miss. 

Stouffer, Thelina M Broadway Temple 1175 Madison Ave., New York 28, N. Y. 

Stout, Josephine E Methodist Hospital Indianapolis 7, Ind. 

Stow, Ruth J Methodist Home for Children 6350 Main St., Williamsville, N. Y. 

Stowe, Elsie F The Methodist Church Home Ill Elm St., West Haven 16, Conn. 

Straley, Faye Gum Moon Residence Hall 040 Washington St., San Francisco 8, Calif. 

Streb, Louise Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6. Ohio 

Summey, Mattie Lou Leave — home duties Mooresboro, N. C. 

Surratt, F. Geialdine Western .North Carolina Rural Work Rt. 1, Banner Elk, N. C. 

Sweet, Mildred E Methodist Hospital 1812 N. Capitol Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Tague, Virginia I Leave— for study Wa\Tiesburg College, Waynesburg, Pa. 

Tanji, Hisako The Methodist Church Aeia,"Oahu, T. H. 

TaiT, Ada M David and Margaret Home 1350 3rd St., La Verne, Calif. 

Taylor, Frances A All Nations Foundation 3035 Guivado St., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Thatcher, Grace Salem Larger Parish 247 W. Broadway, Madisonville, Ky. 

Thompson, Elizabeth Louisiana Rural Work Box 4156, Shreveport, La. 

Thornton, Blanche Newark Hospital 1119 E. 5th St., El Paso, Tex. 

Tire, Lois Bushwick Avenue Methodist Church. .920 Madison Ave., Brooklyn 21, N. Y. 

Timm, Lola B Bethlehem Center 301 S. Caldwell, Charlotte, N. C. 

Tompos, Julia L Bidwell-Riverside Community Center 1203 Hartford Ave., 

Des Moines 15, Iowa 



Deaconesses in Active Service 49 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Trickott, Waunilu J West Virginia Coal Fields Box 604, Roderfield, W. Va. 

liii-lvcr, I'ay liancroft-Taylor Kest Home 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

lyler, Arliiie l-cave — health 2411 Gilbert, Shreveport, La. 

Tyler, Virginia K linsley Community House 1400 Avenue H, Knsley 8, Ala. 

Tyrw, Auhrey l.i'ave — home duties 1-b Fannin St., Corpus Chnsti, Tex. 

Ullerj', Bessie M .Navajo Methodist Mission School Bi>x 877. Farmington, N. M. 

Ungcricht, Helen C Mt. Lebanon Methodist Church. .. .331!) W. Liberty Ave., Pittsburgh 29, Pa. 

Vanek, hmnia J Holloway Deaconess Home 303 Howard St., Bridgeport, Ohio 

Vanek, Kthel F Bancrott-Taylor Rest Home 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Van Scyoc, Bessie K McCrum Community House 26 Nutt Ave., Uniontown, Pa. 

Vam, Mattie S Kindergarten Supervisor, Rio Grande Conference 952 Palm Blvd., 

Brownsville, Tex. 

Vaughn, Betty Jo Scarritt College Nashville 5, Tenn. 

Vause, Grace A Robincroft Rest Home 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

VVaitt, M. Ruth Commission on Promotion and Cultivation 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Walker, Sadie L First Methodist Church 700 Gray St., Dea Momes, Iowa 

Wallace. Avin Boylan-Haven School 1214 Jessie St., Jacksonville, Fla 

Ware, Fay A Leave — home duties 107 N. Palmway, Lake Worth, Fla. 

Watts, Mrs. Bithiah R Mary Elizabeth Inn 1040 Bush St., San Francisco, Calif. 

Watts, Sue E Harwood Girls' School 1114 N. 7th St., Albuquerque, N. M. 

Weaver, Evelyn M Loan to Foreign Department 

Webster, May L Eastern District 2811 Hudson Blvd., Jersey City, N. J. 

Wedell, Leola H Leave — for study Ohio University, Columbus, Ohio 

Weeks, A. Louise Bethlehem Center 749 Walker Ave., Memphis, Temi. 

Whitacre, Pauline Chicago Deaconess Home 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, III. 

Whitaker, Isabel F Methodist Publishing House 28 Saunders St., North Weymouth 91, Mass. 

Whited, Mabel J Wesley Community House 414 N. Buena Vista, Robstown, Tex. 

Whitsitt, J. Louise Peninsula Conference Board of Missions 318 W. 31st St., Wilmington, Del. 

Wiggins, Mable Wilson Inn 3208 E. Broad St., Richmond, Va. 

Wilber, Dorothy M Parish of the Headwaters Box 362, Colebrook, N. H. 

Wilder, Agnes M Kennedy Deaconess Hospital 910 Kennedy Ave., Havre, Mont. 

Wilkinson, Jane G Vashti School Thomasville, Ga. 

Wilson, Margeret E Epworth-Euclid Methodist Church 1919 E. 107th St., Cleveland 6, Ohio 

Winegarden, Leona M The Methodist Church Elk Rapids, Mich. 

Wirz, Frieda Mother's Jewels Home 826 Grant Ave., York, Neb. 

Wolf, Ethel R Eloy Community Center Box 902, Eloy, Ariz. 

Wolf, Hilda L Bethesda Hospital Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Wolfarth, Helen C Navajo Methodist Mission School Box 877, Farmington, N. M. 

Wolverton, Alma E First Methodist Church 22240 Morley, Dearborn 7, Mich. 

Wright, Nelle M First Methodist Church 1660 Arbor Ave., Turlock, Calif. 

Yeager, Blanche A Florida Conference Children's Work Box 78, Lakeland, Fla. 

Yoder, Nola D Rest Haven Home for the Aged 360 "H" Street, N. W., Linton, Ind. 

Yokel, Rachel P Jesse Lee Home Seward, Alaska 

Young, E. Mae Board of Education Box 871, Nashville, Tenn. 

Young, Esther The Methodist Church SOI E. 1st St., McCook, Neb. 

Young, Margaret A Field Work 506 Chesterfield, Nashville, Tenn. 

Zeliff, Verr H Eva Comer Home 1730 8th Ave., N., Birmingham 3, Ala. 

Zimmerman, Lois E Council of Churches of Christ in Allegheny County.. 4 Bayard Rd., Apt. 4-B, 

Pittsburgh 13, Pa. 

HOME MISSIONARIES IN ACTIVE SERVICE 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Beckwith, Josephine B South Side Settlement 363 Reeb Ave., Columbus 7, Ohio 

Cobb, Rosie Ann Sager-Brown Home Baldwin, La. 

Collins, Mrs. A. B Leave — home duties 2309 Chamberlain Ave., Chattanooga, "Tenn. 

Decker, Ethel R W^esley Community House 562 N. 5th St., Memphis, Tenn. 

Farris, Buford E., Jr Wesley Community House S05 E. W^ashington St., Louisville, Ky. 

Hayes, Jack A Leave — health reasons 508 S. Grand Ave., San Pedro, Calif. 

Holliday, H. Lurile Mothers' Memorial Center 547 W. 7th St., Cincinnati 3, Ohio 

Huff, M. Bemice George O. Robinson School Santurce 34, Puerto Rico 

King, Zoe L Langleyville Settlement Langleyyille, 111. 

Poole, Edna C Wesley Community House 562 N. 5th St., Memphis, Tenn. 

Rogers, Frederick D Bethlehem Center 1417 Charlotte Ave., Nashville, Tenn. 

Shrider, Robert E Bethlehem Center 970 E. Humbolt, Ft. Worth, Tex. 

Smith, Joy L Harriett Ballou Day Nursery 312 S. Wall St., Sioux City, Iowa 

Titus, Julia P Allen High School 331 College St., Asheville, N. C. 

Wright, Ruth Xeighborhood Center 615 Mary St., Utica 3, N. Y. 

DEACONESSES HAVING THE RETIRED RELATIONSHIP 

NAME ADDRESS 

Ackerman, Edith R 3811 E. 10th St., Long Beach 4, Calif. 

Adams, Grace G 1837 W. Greenleaf Ave., Chicago 26, 111. 

Agans. Ethel M 70 Fairfield Ave., Trenton 8, N. J. 

Afford, Annie Carrollton, Mias. 

Allen, Pattie L Box 9217, Charlotte, N. C. 

Ard, Ethel M 1417 W. Orange Grove, Pomona, Calif. 

Armstrong, Catherine 2186 Glenbury St. , Lakewood 7, Ohio 

Armstrong, Florence J 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 



50 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

NAME APPOINTJIENT ADDRESS 

Arnold, Charlotte 401 Court tit., Penn Yan, N. Y. 

Avery, Mildred 2946 S. VV. 1st 8t., Miami 35, Fla. 

Baker, Athalia A 1095 Mantissa St., N. W., Atlanta, Ga. 

Baker, Effie A 74y2 Bloommgdale Ave., Saranac Lake, N. Y. 

Bane, Monta 411 Grant St., Normal, 111. 

Barbee, lone H 5343 Hamilton Ave., Cincinnati 24, Ohio 

Barber. Clara M St. Lawrence Hospital, Ogdensburg, N. Y. 

Bate, Grace E 334 S. Atlantic Ave., Daytona Beach, Fla. 

Beadles, Bertha A 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Beardsley, Jennie 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Beck, Minnie A Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Beck, Roxana 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Benedict, Addie E 275 Robmcroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Bengel, Catherine S 2818 Winslow Ave., Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Bennett, Ada Lee The Christ Hospital, Cincmnati 19, Ohio 

Bennett, Mrs. Alice R 707 N. 30th, Billings, Mont. 

Bennett, Clara M 2324 Burlington Ave., St. Petersburg 6, Fla. 

Bennett, Flora B R. H. 2, Lenox, Iowa 

Berglund, H. Josephine Rt. 2, Box 90, Stafford, Mo. 

Best, Mabel J Rt. 3, Box 600, Centralia, Wash. 

Bettenhausen, Catherine 237 St. Nicholas Ave., BrookljTi 37, N. Y. 

Binau, Hannah K 3520 Grand, Des Moines 12, Iowa 

Binggeli, Frieda L Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Bjomberg, Esther E 1437 Farragut Ave., Chicago 40, 111. 

Black, Mrs. Margaret C 27 Jane St., Paris, Ontario, Canada 

Blackman, Susette M 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Boggs, Esther M 108 Perry Ave., Greenville, S. C. 

Bowman, E. Rebecca Methodist Home for Aged, Concord, Mass. 

Bowman, Sarah A 184 W. Fort St., Farmington, 111. 

Brackebusch, Tillie Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Bradley, Mary 1 339 Quebec Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada 

Bradley, Rosa M Chelsea Methodist Home, Chelsea, Mich. 

Broecker, Sarah 2818 Winslow Ave., Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Brown, Alice Louise 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Brown, Minnie M Wesley Gardens, Des Moines, Wash. 

Brubaker, Mrs. Elizabeth A 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Buffham, Mary E 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Bunn, Bessie 214 Talbot Ave., Pine Bluff, Ark. 

Burgess, Anna Milltown, Ind. 

Burroway, Mrs. Emily Fox 1210 17th St., N. W., Canton, Ohio 

Buss Alma Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Butler, Mrs. Clara B 3807 Hawk, San Diego, Calif. 

Callaway, Eva M Elm Glen Farm, Conway, Mo. 

Campbell, Lila May Box 147, Rosenberg, Tex. 

Carl, Dixie F 340 S. Ridgewood Ave., Daytona Beach, Fla. 

Carpenter, Carolme 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Carpenter, Mary E 1309 E. Cocopah, Phoenix, Ariz. 

Carty, Bessie 18 Dale St., Worcester, Mass. 

Chandler, Edith B 401 N. 5th, Austin, Mmn. 

Chapin, Myrtle A 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Church, Sarah D 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Clifton, Lula 1 215 N. 12th Ave., Phoenix, Ariz. 

Cline, Mildred H Chelsea Methodist Home, Chelsea, Mich. 

Collins, Martha J 12018 Abington Rd., Detroit 27, Mich. 

Colson, Susan D Wz Commonwealth Rd., Cochituate, Mass. 

Congleton, Jennie 210 E. Fourth St., Greenville, N. C. 

Comeliussen, Anna Princeton, Calif. 

Cosden, Frances A 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Cowles, Bertha 916 Charlotte, Kansas City, Mo. 

Cox, Bertha 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Cramer, Hannah 2818 Winslow Ave., Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Crawford, Rena M 303 Howard St., Bridgeport, Ohio 

Grim, Dorothy 1433 Emory Rd., N. E., Atlanta, Ga. 

Crothers, Arabella G 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Cunningham, Ethel B Rt. 1, Box 344, Elmore, Ala. 

Cunningham, Mattie M Rt. 1, Box 344, Elmore, Ala. 

Curry, Elizabeth Box 422, Joshua Tree, Calif. 

Daniel Mary 1760-C Filbert St., San Francisco, Calif. 

Davey, Gertrude M 110 New Y'ork Ave., Apt. 6-F, Brooklyn 33, N. Y'. 

Davidson, Mar>-ellen 15 W. Lamme, Bozeman, Mont. 

Davies, Margaret S Box 137, Clinton , Ontario, Canada 

Davis, Elizabeth R 216 S. Franklm St., Rocky Mount, N. C. 

DeBardeleben, Mary Shorter, Ala. 

DeGroat, Mary Blooming Grove, Pa. 

DeMoss, Lillian 4617 Manordene Rd., Baltimore 29, Md. 

Detwiler, Mollie E Ws Commonwealth Rd., Cochituate, Mass. 

Dewey, Edith E Box 112, Millerton, Pa. 

Dorey, Nancy E 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Dowling, Ruth 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Driver, Mrs. Grace 1733 Y'ork, Memphis 16, Tenn. 

Duxbury, Elizabeth 146 Rounds Ave., Buffalo 15, N. Y. 

Eaton, Bess 817 Hershberger Rd., Roanoke 12, Va. 

Eckennan, Marietta 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 



Deaconesses — Retired 51 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Eckley, Margaret L 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Ekldington, Jennie ^I 275 Hobincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Edwards, Lora B 

Eliason, Clara J 1131 "I" St., Geneva, Neb. 

Ellis. Sallie 988 Cumberland, Clarksville, Tenn. 

Enders, Emma The Christ Hospital, Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

FarringtoD Cornelia 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Fawcett, Edna M Box 243, Spencer, Iowa 

Ferguson. Catherine L 98 S. Oak St., Pasadena, Calif. 

Finley, Mrs. Lorena 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Fleming Isabel Casa de Manana, La Jolla, Calif. 

Fogle, Ruth A 1429 S. W. 14th, Portland 1, Ore. 

Ford, Amanda S 102 South St., Elkton, Md. 

Foster. Priscilla 74 Cookman Ave.. Ocean Grove, N. J 

France, Lillian G Deaconess Home, Nine Acre Comer Rd., Concord, Mass. 

Freeman, Mrs. Mary E 121 Myrtle St., Elberton, G:i. 

Freeman, Mary L 127 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Frey, Bina K 5 Glade Ave.. Philippi, W. Va. 

Fries, Margaret 829 Loma Dr., Hermosa Beach, Calif. 

Galliers, Laura 407 Benton Ave., E., Albia, Iowa 

Gasser, Jennie M 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Gerber, Ida 237 St. Nicholas Ave., Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 

Gibson, Helen 605 S. Orleans, Tampa, Fla. 

Glandon, Ethel V 1222 First Ave., Seattle 1, Wash. 

Godbey, Cornelia 1020 Ann St., Parkersburg, W. Va. 

Goodale, Bertha 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Gorby, Edith Box 342, Mitchell, Neb. 

Gordon, Mary E 339 Arcadia Ct., Fort Wayne 6, Ind. 

Gorrell, Mrs. Minnie G 502 W. 6th St., Sedalia, Mo. 

Graham, Helen M Folts Home, Washington at Albany St., Herkimer, N. Y. 

Granger, Mary V 5 Orchard St., Palmer, Mass. 

Grant, A. Vivian 246 Adelaide Ave., Providence 7, R. I. 

Greely, Addie B 2720 Poplar Springs Dr., Meridian, Miss. 

Green, Lottie P. O. Box 245, Branford, Fla. 

Guenther. Katherine Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Hahn, Emma 24 Monroe St., Springfield, Mass. 

Haines, Cora The Christ Hospital. Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

Hambright, Grace 3320 Fremont Ave., S., Minneapolis 8, Minn. 

Hanson, Elisabeth M 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Harpst, Ethel Snead Junior College, Boaz, Ala. 

Harris, Grace 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40, 111. 

Harter, Trella May 319 N. Jefferson St., Rochester, Ind. 

Hartline, Elsie A 1725 Prescott St., S., St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Hartshorn, Mrs. Ella C 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Harvey, Edna 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Hasler, Mary L 1046 S. Ferguson, Springfield, Mo. 

Haven, Nettie R Deaconess Home, Nine Acre Corner Rd., Concord, Mass. 

Heard, Hyda Hotel Robert E. Lee, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Hefiin, C. Ruth... 601 Miller St., Canton, Miss. 

Heilman, Carrie 237 St. Nicholas Ave., Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 

Heisler, Sarah B 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Henderson, Mrs. Carrie Adams 1578 W. 48th St., Los Angeles 37, Calif. 

Henry, Willena 4325 Caruth, Dallas, Tex. 

Hickman, Ida 419 N. Washington St., lola, Kan. 

Hill, Juanita L 1231 Magnolia Ave., Bowling Green, Ky. 

Hiner, Lulu 610 N. Hersey Ave., Beloit, Kan. 

Hirse, Belle 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40, III. 

Hoag, Ida Mae 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Hoffman, Mrs. L. S 739 W. Main St., Lansdale, Pa. 

Hooper, Ella K Rosedale, La. 

Hope, B. Marion Box 643, Oak Bluffs, Mass. 

Hopkinson, Mabel 4175 Norfolk Terrace, San Diego 16, Calif. 

House, Emma C 500 Reed St., Parkersburg, W. Va. 

Howard, Frances 3315-A First Ave.. Richmond 22, Va. 

Howland, Charlotte 469 S. Second St., Evansville, Wis. 

Hubley, Virginia 250 S. Hollister Ave., Pasadena 5, Calif. 

Jackson, Ethel 99 Sunnyside Ave., Mill Valley, Calif. 

Jennings, Elizabeth 1973 St. Anthony Ave., St. Paul 4, Minn. 

Jericho, Mame 409 S. Jackson St., Mt. Pleasant, Iowa 

Johnson, Emma 306 Pike St., Philippi, W. Va. 

Johnston, Mary E 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Jones, C. Gertrude 541 Black Ave., Springfield, 111. 

Kellogg, Mrs. Anna M 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Kennedy, Mabel 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Kinison, M. Blanche 1228 N. Anderson St., Tacoma 6, Wash. 

Kissell, Hattie R 110 Effey St.. Santa Cruz, Calif. 

Kling. Ida M 2507 4Ist St., S. W., Seattle 6, Wash. 

Knapp, Isabelle 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Kramer, Elizabeth Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Krause, Carrie Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Kulp, Donna L 435 Walnut Ave., S. E., Canton 2, Ohio 

Lakey, Julia A Carmen, Okla. 

Landers, Sarah E 1168 Highland Ave., Fall River, Mass. 



52 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

NAME APPOINTMENT ADDRESS 

Laney, Harriet E 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Lehman, A. Jennette 340 S. Ridgewood Ave., Daytona Beach, Fla. 

Lehnert, Mrs. Carrie 2818 Winslow Ave., Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Leighty, Edith 337 E. Washington, Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Leipersberger, Katherine Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Linfield, Harriet Grace 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Little, Agnes M 1444 Park Ave., Great Bend, Kan. 

Litzel, Louisa P 14351 Superior Rd., Cleveland Heights 18, Ohio 

Lockhart, Mary J 303 Howard St., Bridgeport, Ohio 

Lockwood, Minnie C 1115 N. Ahnansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Lowder, Sarah Rutherford College, N. C. 

McCoy, Eula M 1326 N. 6th St., Arkadelphia, Ark. 

McCullough, Jane W 5528 Kenwood Ave., Chicago 37, 111. 

McCurry, Alice M 2153 Central Ave., Alameda, Calif. 

McFerrin, Alta 1152 Dean Ave., San Jose, Calif. 

Mann, Frances 502 N. 9th St., Alpine, Tex. 

Maurer, Katharine R 1401 Jones St., San Francisco 9, Calif. 

Mecum, Anna 223y2 E. Lemon, Monrovia, Calif. 

Merwin, Grace E 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Mitchell, Susie 209 W. Abram, Arlington, Tex. 

Moffet, Orpha B 74 Cookman Ave. , Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Moore, D. Glenn 1563 Unionport Rd., New York 62, N. Y. 

Morgan, Elma 403 S. Mesquite St., Arlington, Tex. 

Morgan, Olive M 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Morlock, Lillian 425 Dorchester Ave., Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

Morse, Lula R 3768 Perry St., Denver, Colo. 

Musselman, Martha 535 8th Ave., Upland, Calif. 

Nestor, Anna K 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Nettleton, Grace 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40, 111. 

Neuendorif, Marie L Bethesda Hospital, CincLonati 6, Ohio 

Nicklas, Vera C 1147 N. W. 37th St., Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Northdurft, Minnie C Jackson, Mo. 

Olausen, Petra 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Oltmanns, Anna 19 W. 7th St., Hutchinson, Kan. 

Othiem, Mrs. Anna M 322 Ellis St., San Francisco, Calif. 

Ott, Bertha c/o Mrs. Monroe Lindeman, Industry, Tex. 

Packer, Grace Alice 542 S. Belmont, Wichita 9, Kan. 

Patterson, Lulu M 510 E. First St., Hutchinson, Kan. 

Pike, Minnie 275 Robincroft Dr. , Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Piper, Helen 207 Stewart Homes, Helena, Mont. 

Pollom, Ethel 1211 S. Prospect, Tacoma 5, Wash. 

Porter, Caroline 10767 Mountair Ave., Tujunga, Calif. 

Porter, Edith E 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Pratt, Jessie A 1734 Menlo Ave., Los Angeles 6, Calif. 

Price, Annie Box 304, c/o Mrs. C. Davis, Port Arthur, Tex. 

Ragle, Josie 3330 Manitou Ave., Los Angeles 31, Calif. 

Ragland, Margaret 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena S, Calif. 

Rayson, Beulah 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Resseguie, Gertrude E 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Riel, Bertha A 184 W. Fort St., Fannington, 111. 

Rigg, Eva R. R. 3, Clay Center, Kan. 

Ritchie, A. Lucile The Christ Hospital, Cmcinnati 19, Ohio 

Ritter, Mary E 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Ritz, Dorothy 222 Bank St., Batavia, N. Y. 

Robertson, Alice M 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Roos, Lillian Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Russell, Harriet M 41 Clearfield Rd., Wethersfield, Conn. 

Saathoff , Gertrude G 537 College Ave. , Storm Lake, Iowa 

Santee, Rosa 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Schaal, Gertrude 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Schacht, Helen 2505 S. Hope St., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Schaich, Caroline Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Schimmelpfennig, Mathilda Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Schnickle, Frieda R. F. D. 1, Central City, Iowa 

Sebem, Florence 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Sells, Clara Mae Rt. 2, Box 312-A, Gulfport, Miss. 

Senrick, Lucy 181 Norton St., Long Beach 5. Calif. 

Shapland, Flora Grand Ridge, 111. 

Sheffer, Lillie R 109 Mt. Tabor Way, Ocean Grove, N. J 

Sherman, Melda Clinton, Ohio 

Shoemaker, Mary E c/o Mrs. W. F. Smith, Beresford, S. D. 

Smith, Bertha Lenora 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Smith, Demis 115 N. Almansor St.. Alhambra, Calif. 

Smith, Edith L 22 Thompson St., Concord, N. H. 

Smith, Eugenia 403 S. Mesquite St., Arlington, Tex. 

Smith, Greta 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Smith, Mary F 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Smith, Peari H '....275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Smith, Vina 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40. 111. 

Solomon, Hannah Deaconess Home, Nine Acre Comer Rd., Concord, Mass. 

Sorber, Flora A 22 W. Erie St., Chicago 10, 111. 

Souders, Vievie M 1753 S. Wichita St., Wichita, Kan. 

Spicer, Edith M The Christ Hospital, Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

Spioker, Lillian 2818 Winslow Ave., Cincinnati 6, Ohio 



Deaconesses — Retired 53 

NAME ADDRESS 

Spilker, Louise Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Steger, Priscilla H Queen Street Metliodist Church, Kinston, N. C. 

Steiner, Grace G 407 Decatur St., Cumberland, Md. 

Stelljes, Meta 237 St. Nicholas Ave., Brooklyn 37, N. Y. 

Stephan, Edna M 323 N. York St., Wheeling, W. Va. 

Stewart, Mrs. Willa 14 Lincoln St., Winchester, Ky. 

Slrothmann, Louise 2S18 Wuislow Ave., Cincinnati 6, Ohio 

Stroup, Nettie Rt. 1, BUie Ridge, Tex. 

Stroven, Katherine 17 E. 0:ik St., Fremont, Mich. 

Swartz, Cartes K 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Swift, Ella L 5975 Rainier Ave., Seattle 8, Wash. 

Taylor, Elizabeth 330 William Rd., N., Chilliwack, B. C, Canada 

Teachman, Corabelle 99 Warren Ave., Brockton 19, Mass. 

Teel, Susie 1211 Berkeley Ave., Dallas, Tex. 

Tibbetts, Iva 924 Lapeer St., Flint 3, Mich. 

Tibbetts, Pearl W Wesley Court No. 5, Marionville, Mo. 

Tinsley, Lois 1200 Swift St., Perry, Ga. 

Tipsword, May Methodist Old People's Home, Lawrenceville, 111. 

Tirsell, Ida 217 W. Lake St., Minneapolis 8, Minn. 

Trawick, Annie Opelika, Ala. 

Trimble, May W 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Trumbull, Georgiana 3806 N. 41st St., Milwaukee 10, Wis. 

Trumbull, Jennie 1228 N. Anderson St., Tacoma 6. , Wash. 

Vann, Florence 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N.J. 

Vogel, Emma Gracemont, Okla. 

Vose, Agnes E 2878 Maricopa Ave. , Richmond, Calif. 

Waddell, Evelyn 212 Tipton St., Covington, Tenn. 

Waelchli, Anna M Alder Strasse 38, Zurich 8, Switzerland 

Walden, CecUe B R. D. 2, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Walther, Emily E 115 N. Almansor St., Alhambra, Calif. 

Warrington, Martha K 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Watts, Donn» E 910 Kennedy Ave., Havre, Mont. 

Weiglo, Rebecca A 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Weybrew, Kathleen 380 N. 5th St., San Jose 11, Calif. 

Whipple, Bemicfl 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Whitehead, Mrs. Grace Gatewood 3233 Calumet St., Houston, Tex. 

Whiteside, Florence 4405 Boea Chicha Blvd., Brownsville, Tex. 

Williams, Fannie Belle 4028 Park Ave., Gary, Ind. 

Williams, Marilla B 9206 Harvard Blvd., Los Angeles 47, Calif. 

Williamson, Mary E 822y2 N. 6th Ave., Quincy, 111. 

Willings, Ollie 1227 Maxwell, Bellmead Addition, Waco, Tex. 

Willmarth, Minnie 1415 Foster Ave.. Chicago 40, 111. 

Wilson, Caroline P 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Winter, Bert Stone Mountain, Ga. 

Wirtz, Wilhelmina 330 "G" St., Ft. Dodge, Iowa 

Witte, Ada M 145 W. McMillan St., Cincinnati 19, Ohio 

Womack, MoUio 102 Fifth St., Las Animas, Colo. 

Woodsido, Grace 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40, 111. 

Worrell, Iren* Metcalfe Community House, Rt. 1, Dunbar, Pa. 

Yates, Elizabeth 24 Garden Dr., Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Yoakam, Grace 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Young, Ethel 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

RETIRED HOME MISSIONARIES AND OTHER WORKERS 

N.*MB ADDRESS 

Alexander, Mary T 2512 Harden St., Savannah, Ga. 

Barrow, S. L 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N.J. 

Bell, Louisa A 1115 E. Claremont St., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Brandeberry, Emma 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 

Bryant, R. Francina 210 Garden St., Orlando, Fla. 

Comfort, E. Mae 74 Cookman Ave., Ocean Grove, N. J. 

DeVinny, Mrs. V. F 3701 Bryant Ave., S., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Harms, Frances S Box 157, Baldwin City, Kan. 

Hicks, Eva E Rt. 1. Box 474, Red Bluff, Calif. 

Howard, Mrs. Estella 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 8, Calif. 

Hurd, Georgia A 2512 Harden St., Savannah, Ga. 

Jakes, Clara E 4412 Oakwood Ave., Los Angelea 4, Calif. 

Jones, Isabella R 340 College St., Asheville, N. C. 

Keech, Mabel 1415 Foster Ave., Chicago 40, III. 

Keen. Mrs. George W 5343 Hamilton Ave., Cincinnati 24, Ohio 

Leckliter, Mrs. Mary A 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 8, Calif. 

iMathia.'s. Jennie 1055 N. Kingsley Dr., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Or^'is, Edith E 705 E. Front St., Benvick, Pa. 

Pittard, Mary J 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 8, Calif. 

Schlapbach, Mr. and Mrs. J H 732 Eucalyptus Ave., Vista, Calif. 

Smith, Olive L Rt. 1, Box 1050, Paradise, Calif. 

Smith, Mrs. Winifred M 1033 N. Second Ave., Tucson, Ariz. 

Snell, Mrs. Nelle Herbst 1760 S. 17th St., St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Stevens, Mrs. Cora D Box 113, Canaan, Conn. 

Stryker, Veda 189 Church St.. Mt. Airy, N. C. 

Winchell, Mary E 275 Robincroft Dr., Pasadena 6, Calif. 



54 



Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 



BUREAU OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS— National 



Florida — 

Boylan-Haven School, 1214 Jessie St., Jackson- 
ville 6, Fla. 

Founded: 1886 
Enrollment: 208 

*M:rs. Edith M. Carter, B.S., M.A., Superin- 
tendent 
Mrs. Josie A. Ayer, R.N., Assistant Superin- 
tendent, Housemotlier, Nurse 
Marian Brown, B.A., Art 
Mattie Catoe, B.A., Secretary 
Ramona Cook, Dormitory Matron 
Mrs. Ossibelle Dixon, B.A., Physical Educa- 
tion 
Mrs. Annie Everett, B.A., Seventh Grade 
Mary Alice Grayton, B.S., Social Studies 
Emma N. Hazel, B.A., Senior High English, 

Typing 
Mrs. Juanita Jackson, B.A., Kindergarten 
Edna Maupin, B.A., Financial Secretary 
Mrs. Annie Morgan, B.A., Mus., Music 
Mary E. Morse, B.R.E., M.A., Library, Bible 
Virginia Ogles, B.A., Dining-room Matron, 

Spanisli 
Glenna Owens, B.A., Dietitian 
jBeverly Root, B.S., Foods, Lunchroom 
Florence Roush, B.A., Mathematics 
*Nola Smee, M.A., Preparatory Class, Reading 
Mrs. Mary Smith, B.S., Clothmg 
Mrs. Gwendolyn Stewart, B.A., Kindergarten 
*Avis Wallace, B.R.E., M.A., Music 

§ Florida State University, Tallahassee ,FIa. 

Work Opened: 1927 
Methodist Students: 1,395 

Rev. Austin E. Hollady, B.A., B.D., Director 
Mrs. Austin E. Hollady, B.M., Co-director 
705 Jefferson St., Tallahassee, Fla. 

Georgia — 

§Clark College, Atlanta 4, Ga. 

Founded: 1870 
Enrollment: 679 
Faculty Members: 64 

James P. Brawley, Ph.D. Ed., Sc.D., President 
Mrs. Phoebe F. Burney, M.R.E., Dean of 

Women, Religious Education 
Mrs. Flora G. Davis, M.A., Home Economics 
Mrs. Eva S. Martin, M.A., Dormitory Di- 
rector 
F. Frances Neely, B.S.H., Home Economics 
Dovie T. Reeves, B.A., Assistant Dean of 
Women 

§ Gammon Theolocical Seminary, Atlanta 4, Ga. 

Founded: 1883 
Enrollment : 71 

Harry V. Richardson, D.D., President 
§ Paine College, Augusta, Ga. 

Founded: 1883 
Enrollment : 527 
Faculty Members: 35 

Edmund C. Peters, M.A., President 
*Ruth L. Bartholomew, B.S., M.S., Ph.D., 

English 
*Evelyn Berry, M.A., B.D., Religion (on leave) 
Rev. W. L. Buffington, B.A., M.A., Faith 

Cabin Libraries 
W. C. Ervin, Business Manager 
Emma C. W. Gray, M.A., English 
*Cecilia M. Sheppard, Ph.D., Philosophy, Re- 
ligion 



A'ashti School, Thomasville, Ga. 

Founded: 1903 
Enrollment: 122 

Rev. Woodward Adams, Superintendent 
*Ruth E. Adams, B.A., English 

Mrs. Lucile Anderson, Bookkeeper 

Mrs. Abbie Atlee, Housemother 

Ruth L. Beggs, B.A., Social Studies 

Mrs. Mae Bivans, Nurse 
*Naomi Coger, B.S., H.E., Home Economics 

Mrs. Adele Dahlberg, Dining Room 
*Mabel Edgerton, Administrative Assistant 

Marie Fulton, B.S., Commercial 

J. A. Hughes, Maintenance 

Mrs. J. A. Hughes, Housemother 
*Lottie Ora Hooper, B.S., M.A., Librarian 
*Erma Jenkins, B.A., M.A., Principal 
jEsther Jones, B.A., Mathematics 

Mrs. Donia King, Housemother 

Mrs. Rebecca Meeks, Housemother 

Dorothea Saunders, B.A., Crafts 
*Jane Wilkinson, B.S., Fifth Grade 

Kentucky — 

Erie School, Aiken Hall, Walker Neighborhood 
House, Olive Hill, Ky. 
Founded: 1913 
Enrollment: 160 

Rev. Eugene K. Meyers, B.A., B.D., Superin- 
tendent 
Mildred Burdon, B.Mus., Music 
Grace Butgereit, R.N., Nurse 
tMargaret Croft, B.S., English 
*Esther Edwards. B.A., Dietitian 
Mrs. Elizabeth Elam, Housemother 
Melva Foley, B.A., First, Second Grades 
Ralph Forney, B.A., M.A., Science, Mathe- 
matics 
Mrs. Jean Forney, B.A., LeMaster Cottage 

Houseparent 
Kathleen Fuggett, B.A., Bible 
tMargaret Gamble, B.A., Third Fourth Grades 
James L. Ivey, B.A., M.A., Principal 
*Edna Jones, B.A., Rlathematics, Business 
Mrs. Mildred Linard, B.S., Business, Office 
Secretary 
*Helen Meredith, B.A., M.A., Librarian 
Mrs. Helene Myers, Bookkeeper 
Mrs. Lelia Moore, Rose Cottage Houseparent 
W. C. Priestly, B.A., M.A., Industrial Arts, 

Physical Elucation 
*Myrtle Pylman, B.A., Fifth, Sixth Grades 
*Grace Reuter, B.S., Seventh, Eighth Grades 
Isabelle Runyon, B.S., Home Economics, 

Physical Education 
Mrs. Elizabeth Spears, Housemother 
Elinor Zipf, B.A., Social Studies 

Sue Bennet College, London, Ky. 
Founded: 1896 
Enrollment: 177 

*Oscie Sanders, B.A., M.A., President 

Mrs. Nora Belle, B.A., Dietitian 

Clyde Blackburn, B,A., Education, Athletics 
tAnna Marie Breyfogle, B.A., Demonstration 
School 

Mrs. Dora McCowan Brown, B.A., M.A., 
Business 

Mrs. Cecil Cleavinger, Bovs' Dormitory 

Garland O. Gunter, B.A., M.A., English, 
Dean 

Earl Hays, B.S., M.S., Agriculture 

Mrs. Elaine Hays, B.S., M.S., Home Eco- 
nomics, Physical Education 

Elizabeth Kesselring, B.A., M.A., Music, His- 
tory 



*Deaconess. 



tU.S.-2. 



§In cooperation with other boards. 



Workers and Projects in Home Fields 



55 



"Mary Cameron, B.S., M.A., Rural Work, 
Bible 
Mrs. Frances Mumpower, Girls' Dormitory 
tElizalieth Ann Pruitt, B.A., Demonstration 

School 
Julia Hoffman Rose, B.A., M.A., Librarian 
John F. Rvs. B.A., M.A., Social Science 
Vincent Smith, B.A., M.F.A., Art, Crafts 
H. M. Swift, B.A., B.S., M.S., Science 
Mrs. Leticia Taylor, B.A., M.A., Language 

Arts 
Velnia Vincent, B.A., Registrar- Secretary 
Mrs. INL^ry White Wells, B.A., M.A., Demon- 
stration School 
Roy Wilson, B.A., M.Ed., Mathematics, 
Physics 

Louisiana — 

§LouisiAN.\ Polytechnic Institute, Ruston, La. 

Work Opened: 1941 
Methodist Students: 535 

*Pearlye Maye Kelley, B.A., M.A., B.D., Stu- 
dent Counselor, Box 34, Tech Station, 
Ruston, La. 

§ North WESTERN St.ate College, Natchitoches, La. 

Work Opened: 1940 
Methodist Students: 340 

Ann Adams, B.A., Student Counselor, Box 
1244, College Station, Natchitoches, La. 

§Southwestern Louisiana Institute, Lafayette, 
La. 

Work Opened : 1940 
Methodist Students: 259 

Robert E. Parrott, Student Counselor, Box 
220, Southwestern Louisiana Institute, La- 
fayette, La. 

Sager-Brown Home and Godman School, Bald- 
win, La. 

Founded: 1921 
Enrollment: 120 
URosie Ann Cobb, B.S., Superintendent, Prin- 
cipal 

Elnora Bernard, Kitchen Matron 

Mrs. Evelyn Hook, Housemother 

Rev. A. L. Hook, Maintenance 

Patsy Isidore, Housemother, Boys 

Eileen Jonas, B.A., First, Second Grades 

Cecelia Mclntyre, Kindergarten 

Chaney Prevost, B.A., Seventh, Eighth 

Grades 
*Lelia Marie Robinson, B.A., M.A., Fifth, 

Sixth Grades 
Addie Louise Smith, B.A., Music 
Evelyn R. Thomas, Third, Fourth Grades 

Mississippi — 

Rust College, Holly Springs, Miss. 

Founded: 1806 
Enrollment: 450 
Faculty Members: 60 

L. M. McCoy, Litt.D., President 

Wood Junior College, Mathiston, Miss. 
Founded: 1886 
Enrollment: 120 
Charles T. Morgan, B.A., M.A., President 
Mrs. Birdena Bishop, B.A., M.A., Dean of 

Women, Education 
Rachel J. Cranford, Superintendent Dining 

Hall 
Mrs. Hazel Cruthirds, B.S., M.A., Basic 

Communication 
Mrs. Ruth Duncan, B.S., M.A., Lilirarian, 
Children's Literature 



*Deaconess. 



TIHome Missionary. 



tU.S.-2. 



*Sylvia Huitema, B.S., Financial Secretary, 
Business 
Robert C. Latham, B.S., M.S., Social Studies 
Mrs. Margaret W. Love, A. A., Alumni Secre- 
tary to President 
Rev. J. P. McCluskev, B.A., B.D., M.A., 

Bilile 
Mrs. Charles Morgan, B.A., M.A., Speecli 
James E. Nichols, B.S., Coach, Physical Edu- 
cation 
Sallie Parnell, Financial Secretary 
William Perrvman, B.M., M.M., Music 
Mrs. J. R. Priest, Director of Wood Hall 
A. E. Strickland, B.S., Agriculture 
Carol Webb, B.S., M.S., Science 
Whitley E. Wilson, B.S., M.Ed., Mathe- 
matics 

Missouri — 

National College for Christian Workers, 5123 
Truman Rd., Kansas City 27, Mo. 

Founded: 1899 
Enrollment: 112 

Lewis B. Carpenter, B.A., B.D., S.T.M., 
D.D., President 

Louise Abney, B.A., M.A., Ed.D., Speech 

Anita Aldrich, B.S., M.A., Physical Educa- 
tion 

Paul B. Anderson, B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Aca- 
demic Dean, English 
*Gladice Bower, B.A., M.S., Dean of Women, 
English 

Herley C. Bowling, B.D., M.A., Public Rela- 
tions 

W. p. Bryant, B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Social 
Science 

Robert Clark, B.A., M.S.M., Organ 

H. C. Davidson, B.S., Economics, Business 
Manager 

Dewitt C. Ellinwood, Jr., B.A., M.A., His- 
tory, Dean of Men 
*Vera R. Falls, B.A., M.A., Du-ector, Rural 

Extension Work 
*Frieda M. Gipson, B.E., M.A., Ed.D., Psy- 
chology, Registrar 

Mrs. Bernice B. Gonzalez, B.A., M.A., Lan- 
guage 

Jari Havlena, B.F.A., B.E., M.F.A., Fine Arts 

Mrs. Bernice Helmuth, Head Resident, IJieti- 
tian 

John W. Johannaber, B.A., S.T.B., Ph.D., 
Luella F. Stewart Chair of Bible 

Russell Lee, B.A., M.A., Mathematics 

Irene C. Linder, B.S., M.A., Sociology 

Irene Murphy, B.A., M.A., Ph.D., English 
*Kathryn Newcomb, B.A., Director of Admis- 
sions, Alumni Secretarv 

John W. Paul, B.A., M.M., Music 

Mrs. Verna Revsvold, B.S., Recreational 
Leadership 

Clarence B. Sinclair, B.A., M. A., Natural 
Science 

LaRue Sowers, B.A., M.A., Librarian 

Alice Willits, R.N., Nurse 

New Mexico — 

Harwood Girls' School, 1114 Seventh St., N.W., 
Albuquerque, N. M. 

Founded: 1887 
Enrollment: 177 

Dorothy Marie Watson, M.A., Superintendent 

Mrs. Alice Chavez, Dining Room 

Ruth E. Collins, Office 

Kathryn Crissey, M.A.. Social Studies, Art 
fMarianne Douds, B.A., Third, Fourth Grades 

Mrs. Anna Fink, Housekeeper 

lone Gandy, Housemother 

Ernest Henderson, Maintenance 
*Lillie J. Hendricks, M.A., Fifth, Sixth Grades 

§In cooperation with other boards. 



56 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Mrs. Feme Holloway, Housemother 

Mrs. Mae Jensen, Dietitian 

Mrs. Lulu Kuhns, M.A., Bible 

Mrs. Daisy LaGrone, Sewing 

Mrs. Nettie Lane. Housemotlier 
{Marthahel Mauglilin, B.S., Home Economics, 
Chemistry, Phy.sical Eilucation 

Ruth Picazzo, B.A., Lilirarian, Spanish 
'Laura Holiliins, B.A., Housemother 

Deioris Robinson, B.A., First, Second Gr:ii|rs 

Nancy Shell, Music 

Golda Taguc, B.A., English, Biology 

Mabel Taylor, ALA., Spanish, History 
•Sue Watts, M.A., Alathematics, Science 

Ada B. Hall, Commercial 

Nava.10 Methodist Mission School, Box 877, Farm- 
ington, N. M. 

Founded: 1890 
Enrollment: 230 

Willard P. Bass, M.A., Superintendent 
Wilfred E. Billey, B.A., Industrial Arts 
.Mrs. Wilfred E. Billey, Housemother, High 

School Boys 
Gloria Brockington, B.S., Music 
Robert Brooks, B.A., S.T.B., Religious Edu- 
cation 
Leland Dellinger, Grade Boj's' Supervisor 
*Etta Devine, B.S., Housemother, Girls 
Dorothy Dunbar, Ofhce Secretary 
'Barbara Dunker, R.N., Nurse 
Mrs. Albert Garnaat, Housemother, High 
School Girls 

Marilyn Hardy. B.A., M.R.E.. Fourth Grade 
Mrs. Mildred Hogue. Baker 
"Mabel Huffman, B.A., Second, Third Grades 
•DeLaris Johnson, B.A., M.A., Seventh, 
Eighth Grades 
Margaret Kelly, Grade Bovs' Housemother 
William M. Malehom, M.A., High School 

Principal 
Mrs. William Malehom, B.A., English, Library 
Christina McBride, Intermediate CJrade Girls' 

Housemotlier 
Verlin Metz^er, B.A., Farm Supervisor 
Mra. V'erlin Met2ger, Pre-first, First Grades 
Max Norman, B.S., Mathematics, Coach, 
Laundry Supervisor 
*Mary Louise Piper, B.S., Fifth Grade 
Hilda Rees, Office Assistant 
Byron Tharp, B.S., Farm Supervisor, Main- 
tenance 
Mrs. Byron Tharp, B.A., Science, Mathe- 
matics 
David Tutt, B..4., Junior High Boys' Super- 
visor 
Mrs. David Tutt, B.S., Business Education 
*Bessie Ullery, Grade Boys' Housemother 
Mrs. Florence White, Dining Hall Matron 
*Helen Wolfarfh, B.A., Sixth Grade 

BiSTi School and Community Center 

Founded: 1946 
Enrollment: 65 

*Doris Bloomster, M.A., Second, Third Grades 
Allen Gieason, Interpreter, Maintenance 
Mrs. Allen Gieason, Cook 
Geraldine Rhoads, Pre-first, First Grades 

North Carolina — 

Allen High School, 331 College St., Asheville, 
N. C. 

Founded: 1887 
Enrollment: 132 

Mrs. Claire Lennon, Superintendent 
Mrs. Izora Bagley, B.S., M.A., Social Studies, 
English 
*01a Lee Barnett, B.S., M.A., Mathematics, 
Religious Education 



'Deaconess. 



HHome Missionary. 



IU.S.-2. 



Mrs. Mary Bolden, B.S., Business Education 
'C>^lthia Brooks, B.S., M.A., Financial Secre- 
tarj'. Business E<lucation 
.Mrs. Lucille Burton. B.S., Home Economics 
Ruby Davis, B.S., Dormitory Supervisor 
Jennie Hann, B.A., Dormitory Supen-isor 
Rosella Hill, B.A., French, English 
Josephine Litchfield, B.A., Librarian 
Frederick Miller, Diefitinn 
Frances Mills, Laundry Supervisor 
Helen Phillips, B.A., Xlusic 
X'irginia Priest, B.S., Science, Latin 
Myrtle Scales, B.S., Mathematics, Science 
Marguerite Sells, B.S., Home Economics 
N'alentine Smith, B.S., Physical Education, 

Hygiene 
IJulia Titus, B.A., M.A., Principal 
Lela Wallace, Nurse 
Mrs. Janol Whitfield, B.S., Junior High 
Winifred Wrisley, B.Ed., M.A., Music 

East Carolina College, Greenville, N. C. 

Work Opened : 1036 
Methodist Students: 611 

"Mamiej Chandler, B. A., Director 
501 E. Fifth St., Greenville, N. C. 

? Bennett College, Greensboro, N. C. 

Founded: 1926 
Enrollment : 467 
Faculty: 60 

David D. Jones, M.A., LL.D., President 
Willa B. Player, Ed.D., LL.D., Vice-presi- 
dent, Instruction 

Pkeikker Jvniob College, Misenheimer, N. C. 

Founded: 1903 
Enrollment: 410 

J. Lem Stokes. II, Ph.D., President 
Louise S. Allen, M.A., Business Administra- 
tion 
Maud S. Caldwell, R.N., Resident Nurse 
Lucy F. Carter, Assistant Dietitian 
Daisy L. Cotton, M..^., Engish 
William D. Cotton. Ph.D., Historj', Sociology 
Mrs. Earl Crowe, Hostess 
Chlo Fink, M.A., English 
*Mary F. Floyd, M.A., Religion 
Cicero A. Frye, M.A., Physical Education, 

Hygiene 
Ralph W. Gable, M.A., Chemistry 
Mrs. Erin A. Gamble, Hostess 
Doris C. Gehring, B.S., Business Administra- 
tion 
G. Lester Gray, M.A., History, Geography 
Mary A. Gulletlge. B.S., Home Economics 
Georgia M. Ilaawell, ALA., Mathematics 
lona S. Henry, M..\., English 
Fred T. Hollis, M.A., Social Science 
Mrs. Fred T. Hollis, B.S., Nursing Education 
Kenneth D. Holshouser, B.S., Dean of Stu- 
dents, Accounting 
Mrs. Martha W. Holshouser, Recorder 
Dwight H. Ives, Th.M., Fine Arts 
Mrs. Virginia S. Ives, Assistant, Art Depart- 
ment 
Thomas Langford, Maintenance Assistant 
Mrs. Thomas Langford, Assistant Dietitian 
Nicholas E. Lefko, M.A., Physical Education, 

Hj'giene 
Mrs. LaVaughn Lewis, A. A., Hostess 
Jefhro O. Manly, Ph.D., Biology 
Wallace Martin, M.A., Business Administra- 
tion, Physics 
Mrs. E. B. Meadows, Director of Work Pro- 
gram, Hoste.ss 
G. Nel-son Moore, Th.D., D.D., Public Rela- 
tions 
Mrs. Hattie W. Moore, Hostess 

§In cooperation with other boards. 



Workers and Projects in Home Fields 



57 



Mary Louise Moseley, B.S., Physical Educa- 
tion, Hygiene 
Harold L. Murray, M.D., College Physician 
Mrs. Sam Penninger, Assistant Dietitian 
Mrs. James E. Roberson. Hostess 
Carter S. Koljerts, Maintenance Supervisor 
Mrs. Ruljv P. Roberts, Hostess 
Bernard C. Russell, Ph.D., Religion 
George M. Schrever, Ph.D., Religion 
Wilbur T. Scrivnor, B.S., Music 
.Vorma E. Scrivnor, A. A., Hostess 
Elizabeth Shaffer, M.A., Languages 
H. Keith Slothower, B.S., Social Science 
Mamie C. Slothower, M.A., Education, Psy- 

chologv 
William C. Stone, M.M., Music 
Hugh Strider, Chef 

Fay H. Stovall, B.A., Business Administration 
^L^rgaret Stuckev, M.A., English 
Aline Ward, M.A., English 
Marquis Wheeler, Student Store 
Paul M. Wheeler, Ph.D., Dean of Instruction 
W. Heath Williams, Business Manager 
Lillian T. Wood, Laundry Supervisor 
Tabor H. Wood, Campus Policeman 
Buna M. Yelton, Dietitian 
John Yelton, Assistant Chef 

South Carolina — 

Brownixg Home and IVLather Academy, Camden, 
S. C. 

Founded : 1SS6 
Enrollment : 160 

Anton Deschner, M.A., Superintendent 

Mrs. Cherry Belton, Nurse 

Mrs. Willie Cook, Nursery 

Mrs. Esther R. Deschner, B.R.E., Mathe- 
matics 

Evelj-n V. Gittens, B.S., Clothing 
*Mary E. Glendinning, B.A., Dietitian 

J. R. Harper, B.S., Industrial Arts 

Henrietta Jones, B.S., Mathematics 

Survada Kennedy, B.A., Biology 
*M. Edna Lukens, B.S., Financial Secretarv 

E. L. Marsh, B.S., Principal 

Mrs. Dorothy Marsh, B.A., Nursery School 

Mrs. Amelia A. "Kirkland, B.S., Third Floor 
Supervisor 

Mrs. Viola Maxwell, Second Floor Supervisor 

Eddie C. McGirt, M.A., Physical Education, 
Coach, History 

Mrs. Mozelle ^IcCollough, Boys' Supervisor 

Eugene Nesbit, B.A., French, English 

Mrs. Emma S. Pilley, B.M., Piano 

Mrs. Theodora Rippetoe, B.A., Laundrj' Su- 
pervisor 

John M. Royster, B.S., Business Administra- 
tion 

Mrs. EveljTi Sanders, B.S., Librarian 

Thelma Walker, B.S., Foods 

Thomas B. AVhitaker, B.S., Science, Assistant 
Coach 

Wilma Wigham, B.S., Latin, English 

Tennessee — 

SScARRiTT College, Nashville 5, Tenn. 
Founded: 1892 
Enrollment: 131 

Hugh C. Stuntz, D.D., M.A., President 

Anna Bowie, M.D., Physician 

Ina Corinne Brown, Ph.D., Social Anthropol- 
ogy 
♦Rosa May Butler, F.F.A., M.A., Church 
Music 

Opal Jean Cleveland, M.A., Social Group 
WoTk 

Alice Lucy Cobb, M.A., Church Communica- 
tions 
*Roma Alice Cupp, M.Sc, Associate Social 
Group Work 



Rhoda Christina Edmeston, Ph.D., Old Testa- 
ment, Latin American Missions 
*Betsy Ewing, M.A., Alumni Secretary, Public 
Relations 
Mrs. Maurice Farron, B.A., Office Secretary, 

Public Relations 
Mary Joan Finger, B.L.Sc, Librarian 
Carrie Lou Goddard, B.A., M.E., Religious 

Education 
Mrs. H. D. Harrison, Assistant Director, 

Housing 
Mattie Sue Howell, M.A., Religious Education 
Betty Hunt, Secretary to President 
Rev. Henry M. Johnson, Ph.D., Academic 

Dean, Psychology, Religious Education 
Mrs. William A. McGavock, Director, Hous- 
ing 
Delbert Martin Mann, M.A., Sociology 
Edythe Moore, M.A., Assistant Bursar 
Marjorie Morrow, R.N., Nurse 
Mrs. Mary E. O'Neal, M.Sc, Dietitian 
Mary C. Owen, Ph.D., Dean of Women 
Rev. Lindsey P. Pherigo, Ph.D., Literature, 

History of Bible 
Gordon G. Starr, M.A., Registrar, Bursar 
Earl W. Stevick, Ph.D., Linguistics 
Elizabeth Tittsworth, M.A., Vocations, Stu- 
dent Work 
*Betty Jo Vaughan, B.A., Assistant Registrar 
Rev. James H. Warren, M. A., Speech, Religion 
Margaret Watson, Infirmary Director 
Rev. Leonard T. Wolcott, B.D., Missions 
Louise Young, M.A., Sociology 
*Margaret A. Young, Social Group Work 

^Tennessee Wesleyan College, Athens, Tenn. 
(Administering Ritter Hall) 

Enrollment of College : 438 
Enrollment of Ritter Hall : 55 

LeRoy A. Martin, D.D., President, College 
Reba Parsons, Superintendent, Ritter Hall 
Mrs. Martha Dormer, Dietitian 
Reva Puett, M.A., Assistant Dietitian, Home 
Economics 



Holding Institute, Laredo, Tex. 

Founded: 1880 
Enrollment : 100 

Victor Cruz-Aedo, B.S., M.Ed., Superintend- 
ent 
Bessie Brinson, B.A., M.A., Special English 
Esteban Cuellar, Ground Supervisor 
Virginia de a Garza, Secretary 
Cornelia Gilbert, B.A., Home Economics, 

Bible 
*Ura Leveredge, B.A., M.A., Librarian 
Mrs. Loida Lindsay, Special English 
Adolfo Lopez, Dean of Boys, Phj'sical Edu- 
cation 
John Uranga, B.A., Music 
W. B. Weatherford, B.A., Science 

§HusTON-TiLL0TS0N COLLEGE, Austin, Tex. (Eliza 
Dee Hall, 1203 East Ave., Austin 2, Tex.) 

United College Merged : 1952 
Eliza Dee Hall, Founded : 1904 
Eliza Dee Hall, enrollment : 42 

John J. .Seabrook, , President, College 

*Carmen Lowry, B.A., M.S., Superintendent, 
Eiza Dee Hall 
Mrs. Ametris M. Duren, B.S., Dormitory 

Mary Ellen Cook, B.S., M.S., Home Eco- 
nomics 

Mrs. Sophia A. Jackson, B.S., M.A., Home 
Economics 

Mrs. Willie L. Stewart, B.A., M.A., Home 
Economics 



*Deaconess. 



tForeign Missionarj'. 



§ln cooperation with other boards. 



58 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



KiRBY Hall (University of Texas), 306 W. 29th 
St., Austin, Tex. 
Founded: 1925 
Enrollment : 125 

WEST INDIES 

Dominican Republic — 

Hospital Internacional Ciudad Trujillo, Do- 
minican Republic (Under the Board for 
Christian Work in Santo Domingo) 

Founded: 1920 

Capacity : 75 beds 
Maurice Daily, M.A., Director 
Arturo Damiron, M.D., Medical Director 
Mildred Lamberts, R.N., Head Nurse 

Puerto Rico — 

George O. Robinson School and Kindergartens, 
iSanturce 34, Puerto Rico 

Founded: 1902 

Enrollment : Robinson School, 325 
Day Schools, 750 

*Helen Aldrich, Superintendent 

*Doris Armes, B.S., B.L.S., Librarian 
Doris Aycock, B.S., First Grade 
Isabel Calderon, Home Economics 
Kelvin Espada, Physical Education 
Rosa Fargas, B.A., Social Studies 

*Ruth Ferguson, B.S., M.A., Church Deaconess 
Maude Hall, M.A., Principal 
Patricia Harns, B.A., Physical Education 
Evangeline Harris, Junior High Mathematics, 

Science 
Alma Hernandez, B.A., Senior High Science 

HBernice Huff, M.A., Kindergarten 
Antonia Irlanda, Housemother 
Mrs. Miriam Kettler, B.A., Spanish 

*Nancy Mover, B.S., M.S., Religious Educa- 
tion, Mathematics 
Esther Nunez, Elementary Spanish 
Eloisa Paige, B.A., B.S., French, Spanish 
Carmen Rivera, Housekeeper 
Joyce Rosa, B.A., Senior High English, Jour- 
nalism 
Ysemia Scalco, Secretary 

•Elizabeth Sterling, B.M., B.S., Music 
Ho Stewart, B.A., Sixth Grade 
Mrs. Larry Stoughton, B.A., Third Grade 
Larry Stoughton, M.A., Junior High English 
Nelida Vazquez, Secretary 

fBeatrice Williamson, B.A., Fourth Grade 

Day Schools — Puerto Rico 

Lydia Colon, Supervisor of Extension Daj' 
Schools 

Aibonito 
Violeta Vazquez 

Barrio Obrero 

Gertrudis Escobar 

Maria Cora de Hernandez 

Campbell, Rio Piedras 
Margarita Toro de Conde 

McKinley, San Juan 
Aurea Alemany 
Rafaela Robles 

Murray, Puerta De Tierra 
Zoraida Cruz 
Elena Ortiz 

Patillas 
Rosa Maria Ortiz 

Playa de Ponce 
Nancy Ayala 
Marina Castrero 
Raquel Collazo 
Rosin Booachica 



Ponce 
Isa Cruz 
Felicita Ortiz 

San Jose 
Jesusa Rivera Lopez 

San Juan Moderno 
Ana Berrios de Jesus 

Santurce 
Emma Gonzalez 

Utuado 
Nellie Acosta 

Villa Palmeras 
Gregoria Benitez 
Carmen Aida Gonzalez 
Mrs. Luis Maldonado 
Sara S. de Molina 
Carmen H. Santiago 
Gladys Santiago 
Abigail Williams 

Villa Turabo 
Mrs. Hilda Santiago 

St. Croix 
Virginia Curtis 
Ema Elliott 
Agna Rios 

Church Deaconess 
*Ruth Ferguson 

Vieques Clinic 
Mrs. Juanita Santos 
Mrs. Irene S. de Vilar 



*Deaconess. 



HHome Missionary. 



EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 

Conference 

Iowa — 

§Io\VA State College, Ames, Iowa (lowa-Des 
Moines Conference) 
Work Opened: 1926 
Methodist Students: 2,000 
Dean G. Walters, D.D., Minister of Students 

Michigan — 

§ Protestant Foundation for Intern .wional Stu- 
dents, Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Founded: 1947 
Enrollment: Foreign Students, 1,089 

Doris E. Reed, B.A., Director 

Virginia — 

§Ferrum Junior College, Ferrum, Va. 
Founded: 1913 
Enrollment : 179 
C. Ralph Arthur, B.D., B.S., President 
Lyman Carrier, B.S., M.A., Agriculture, Ge- 
ology 
Madge Anne Conwell, B.A., M.A., Education, 

Psychology, Girls' Dormitory 
Gene Holdredge, B.A., B.D., Philosophy, 

Rural Studies 
Oliver B. Isaac, B.A., Librarian, English 
T. D. Kelly, B.A., B.D., Bilile 
Elizabeth Kennedy, B.A., M.A., Business 
•Elizabeth Pryor, B.A., M.A., English 
Carl Ripperdan, B.A., M.A., French, Spanish 
Franklin C. Sanders, B.A., M.A., Business 

Manager 
Richard E. Spencer, B.M., M.M., Music 
Elmer A. Thompson, B.A., S.T.B., Religious 

Education, Bible, Dean, Registrar 
Helen H. Thompson, Associate in Music 
R. A. Warlick, Jr., B.A., M.A., History, So- 
ciology 
H. L. Yager, B.A., M.A., Mathematics 

tU.S.-2. §In cooperation with other boards. 



Workers and Projects in Home Fields 



59 



BUREAU OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND MEDICAL WORK— National 



Alaska — 

Jesse Lee Home, Seward, Alaska (Children's 
Home) 

Founded : 1890 at Unalaska 

1925 moved to Seward 
Residents: 101 
Donn M. Lee, Director 
Mrs. Donn M. Lee, Secretary 
*Rachel Yokel, Supervisor 
Mona Adanison, Housemother 
Mary Cookingham, Housemother 
tAudrey C. Frank, Housemother 
Mrs. Jessica J. Gerretson, Housemother 
tXina Sue Padgett, Housemother 
*Edna M. Sexton, Housemother 
*Ary M. Shough, Housemother 

Lavinia Wallace Young Community Center, 
P. O. Box 98, Nome, Alaska 
Founded: 1913 
Esther McCoy, Director 

Maynard-MacDougall Memorial Hospital, P. O. 
Box 497, Nome, Alaska 
Founded: 1913 
Rebuilt: 1949 

Capacity : 24 beds, 6 bassinets 
Fred M. Langsam, M.D., Medical Director 
Hazel Hanson, R.N., Director of Nurses 
The Rev. Willard Mecklenburg, Chaplain 

Seward General Hospital, Seward, Alaska 
Founded: 1930 

Capacity : 32 beds, 8 bassinets 
*Ruth Murrell, R.N., Superintendent 
Joseph B. Deisher, M.D., Medical Director 
Hannah Chesnutt, R.N., General Duty 
Delia Gabriel, R.N., Surgical Supervisor 
Bertha McGhee, Relief Worker 
Agatha McNamee, R.N., General Dutv 
Mrs. Elizal)eth C. Palmer, R.N., General 
Duty 

Seward Sanatorium, Bartlett P. O., Alaska 
Founded: 1946 
Capacity : 150 beds 
Paul W. Nelson, B.S., M.H.A., Administrator 
Francis J. Phillips, M.D., F.A.C.S., Medical 

Director 
Charles M. Malin, B.D., Chaplain 
Ada Stuart, R.N., Director of Nurses 
*Ruth Murrell, R.N., Treasurer 
*Sarah May Garrett 
tRuth Knight, R.N., General Duty 
f Jimmie M. Knowles 

California — 

David and Margaret Home for Children, Inc., 
1350 Third St., LaVerne, Calif. 
Founded: 1910 
Residents : 71 
Mrs. Cleta K. Terrill, Director 
Mrs. Pearl Clifton, Nurse 
Mrs. Ann Hendy, Case Worker 
Helen P. Jones, Houseparent 
*Margaret L. Miller, Houseparent 
Jane Montgomery, Houseparent 
Gale Reid, Houseparent 
*Ada Tarr, Sewing Instructor 
Mrs. Frances Turner, Houseparent 

Francis DePauw, 4952 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood 
27, Calif. (Children's Home) 
Founded: 1899 
Residents : 60 
*Reva I. McNabb, Director 
*Edith Curl, Housemother 



Mrs. Isabelle DeLeon, Housemother 

Neva Fitzsimmons, Housemother 
*Nellie Gleiser, Secretary 

Velma Grier, Housemother 

Mrs. Amanda R. Jones, Cook, Assistant 
Dietitian 

Maybelle D. Kise, Housemother 
*Mary J. Ryan, Housemother 

Friendship Home, 812 E. 28th St., Los Angeles 
11, Calif. (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1946 
Residents: 22 
Mrs. Corah E. Jordan, Director 

Gum Moon Residence Hall, 940 Washington St., 
San Francisco 8, Calif. 
Founded: 1870 
Residents : 44 
Mrs. William S. Stone, Director 
*Fae Straley 

Mary Elizabeth Inn, 1040 Bush St., San Fran- 
cisco 9, Calif. (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1914 
Residents : 100 
*Mrs. Bithiah R. Watts, Director 
Mrs. Lois Murphy 
*H. Louise Perry 
Mrs. Ida Ragland 

RoBiNCROFT Rest Home, 275 Robincroft Dr., 
Pasadena 6, Calif. 
Founded: 1924 
Residents : 62 
*Mabel M Metzger, Director 
*Anna K. Banman 
*Dolores R. Diaz 
*Ora Marie Hoge 
Lvdia Knull 
*Alice M. Smith 
* Grace Vause 
Hazel Wood 

Social Worker With Chinese, Filipinos, and 
Koreans 
iRuth A. Gress, 1760-G Filbert St., San Fran- 
cisco 23, Calif. 

Thoburn Terrace, 115 N. Almansor St., Alham- 
bra 12, Calif. (Rest Home) 
Founded: 1923 
Residents : 34 
*Mildred Hewes, Director 

Beatrice Leland, Nurse 
*Wortley Moorman 

District of Columbia — 

Sibley Memorial Hospital and Lucy Webb Hayes 
School of Nursing, 1150 N. Capitol St., 
Washington 2, D. C. 
Founded: 1894 

Capacity: 265 beds, 95 bassinets, 
90 students 
John M. Orem, M.D., President 
Elsie Cook Cassassa, R.N., M.A., Director of 

Nurses 
JHarriet M. Howey, M.A., Religious Educa- 
tion, Social Activities 
Velma McCain, Comptroller 
Mrs. Johnnie F. Weber, Assistant to President 

Florida — 

Brewster Hospital, 1640 Jefferson St., Jackson- 
ville 4, Fla. 

Founded: 1901 

Capacity: 130 beds, 35 bassinets 
Jack H. Whittington, B.A., B.D., Adminis- 
trator 



'Deaconess. tU.S.-2. 



tForeign Missionary. 



60 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Mrs. Sara Kennedy, Acting Director of 

Nurses 
Mrs. Anita Irving, R.N., Assistant Director 

of Nursing 
Mrs. Margaret E. Moody, Comptroller 
Mrs. Myrtle E. Smith, Accountant 
Mrs. Peail Haff, Credit Manager 
Mrs. Winona Alexander, .Admitting Officer 
•Annie Parker, Social-Religious Director 
Mrs. Mary McCormick, Dietitian 
Mildred D. Moore, Clerical 
Laura B. Adams. R.N.. Supervisor 
Mrs. Albertha Bevel, R.N., Evening Super- 
visor 
Mrs. Nannyc L. Fletcher, R.N., Supervisor 
Mrs. Elsie M. Gaines, R.N., Supervisor 
Mrs. Annie B. Murphy, R.N., Supervisor 
Mrs. Mattye Montgomery, R.N., Supervisor 
Mrs. Ida Payne, R.N., Evening Supervisor 
Mrs. Willie M. Reed, R.N., Supervisor 
Mrs. Inez H. Rivers, R.N., Clinic Supervisor 
Betty Redd, Laboratory Technician 

Edward Thurston, Pharmacist 
<- 

Georsia — 

The Ethbl Harpst Home, Inc., 740 Fletcher St., 
Cedartown, Ga. (Children's Home) 
Founded: 1924 
Residents: 125 

The Rev. Keith L. Loveless, Director 

Mrs. Keith L. Loveless 

Mrs. Clara B. Budd, Housemother 

Bessie Pearl Clonts, Housemother 

Mrs. Annie Davis 
fLucille Rose Fillmore 

Mrs. Mary Ann Garrett, Secretary 
*Irene Heatherington, Housemother 

Mrs. Mavis Myers, Housemother 

Betty Pollock, Housemother 
jMarilyn C Thompson, Housemother 

N. O. Tate, Housefather 

Elsie Weaver, Nurse 

Nan Wenker, Housemother 

Helen Wylie, Promotional Secretary 



Susannah Wesley Home, 1117 Kaili St., Hono- 
lulu 17, Hawaii (Children's Home) 
Founded: 1903 
Residents : 44 

The Rev. Eugene L. McClure, Director 
Mrs. Eugene L. McClure 
Florence Fujita 
Emma Freedman 
Mrs. Louise B. Wood 

Rural Work, Box 337, Pahala, Hawaii 
Founded: 1951 
*Martha Almon 

Illinois — 

Peek Home, Polo, III. (Children's Home) 
Founded: 1916 
Residents : 30 

Ehvin P. Matthews, Director 

Mrs. Elwin P. Matthews, Secretary 

Eileen Bakehouse, Housemother 
*Gladys M. Bollinger, Housemother 
*Iva McCarter, Housemother 

Lucille Snyder, Housemother 

Iowa — 

Iowa National Esther Hall, 921 Pleasant St. 
Des Moines 14, Iowa (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1931 
Residents: 79 

Mrs. Margaret C. Hopkinson, Director 
tU.S.-2. 



Louisiana — 

Business Girls' Inn, 814 Cotton St., Shreveport, 
La. (Residence Hall) 

Founded: 1928 
Residents : 52 

Hazel Cooper, Director 



Massachusetts — 



Bos- 



Medical Mission Dispensary, 36 Hull St. 
ton, Mass. 

Founded: 1894 

Serves approximately 18,000 annually 

Allan J. Blackhall, Superintendent 
Livia Cenerizio, Secretary 
Ida Readel, Dietitian 
Elizabeth Richardson, Nurse 
Beryl Sims, R.N. 
Elizabeth D. Smith, Nurse 

Missouri — 

Epwoeth School for Girls, 110 N. Elm Ave., 
Webster Groves 19, Mo. (Children's Home) 

Founded: 1909 
Residents : 60 

Elva Lee Perry, Director 

Mrs. Florence Lissant, Superintendent 

Dorothy Detring, Case Worker 

Mrs. Sarah Nisbet, Office Secretary 

Mrs. Elizabeth Hayman, Bookkeeper 

Mrs. Agnes Swedberg, Teacher 

Mrs. Maude Latimer, Sewing Supervisor 

Mrs. Fern Ogles, Housemother 

Mrs. Martha Tarlton, Housemother 

Spofford Home, 5501 Cleveland Ave., Kansas 
City 5, Mo. (Children's Treatment Home) 

Founded: 1916 
Residents : 18 

Mrs. Hester Sheneman, Director 

Kate B. Hammond, Assistant Director 

Mrs. Marye C. Hines, Secretary-Bookkeeper 

Lillian Hankins, Housemother 

Ceola Matzeder, Housemother 

Bertha McGraw, Housemother 

Dorothy Rhone, Housemother 

Nebraska — 

Mothers' Jewels Home, 19th and Division Sts., 
York, Neb. (Children's Home) 

Founded: 1890 
Residents : 80 

The Rev. J. N. Smith, Director 
Mrs. J. N. Smith, Assistant Director 
*Frieda Wirz, R.N., Nurse 
John Howe, Super\'isor 
Mrs. John Howe, Secretary 
Clarence Douglas, Houseparent 
Mrs. Lola Songster, Houseparent 
Verne Wolstenholm, Houseparent 
Mrs. Verne Wolstenholm, Houseparent 

New Jersey — 

Bancroft-Taylor Rest Home, 74 Cookman Ave., 
Ocean Grove, N. J. 

Founded: 1896 
Residents : 46 

Blanche Kemp, Director 
*Fay Tucker, Assistant Director 

Kwang Chu, Nurse 
*Lena Larcom 

Edna M. Owens, Nurse 
*EtheI Vanek 



*Deaconess. 



Workers and Projects in Home Fields 



61 



New Mexico — 

Bataan Memorial Methodist Hospital, 5400 Gib- 
son Blvd., S. E., Albuquprqiie, N. M. 
Founded: 1912 
New BuildinR: 19o2 
Capacity: 116 beds, 30 bassinets 
Philip H. Carter, Administrator 
John Beyer. B.S., Pharmacist 
Uoscoe D. Manning. Comptroller 
'Mary M. Fendenheim, Seerrtary 

New York — 

Alma Mathews House, 273 W. 11th St., New 
York 14, N. Y. (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1889 
Residents: 22 
Hazel J. Lovell, Director 

Chautaqua Missionary Home, 34 Lake Dr., 
Chautauqua, N. Y. 
Founded: 1923 
Residents: 20 
Mrs. Charles H. Thomas, Hostess 

Fexton Memorial Rest Home, Box 748, Chau- 
tauqua, N. Y. 
Founded: 1917 
•CjTithia Brooks, Hostess 

Japanese Work, 323 W. 108th St., New York 25, 
N. Y. 

Ohio — 

Esther Hall, 221 W. 9th St., Cincinnati 2, Ohio 
(Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1891 
Residents : 31 

, Director 

Mrs. Wava Meyer, Assistant Director 

Flower Esther Hall, 1324 Superior St., Toledo 
11, Ohio (Residence Hall) 

Founded: 1908 

Residents : 34 
Mrs. Alice M. Silver, Director 

Friendly Center Community House, 1334 Su- 
perior St., Toledo 11, Ohio 
Founded: 1920 
Warner C. Silver, Director 

Friendship Home, 549 W. 7th St., Cincinnati 3, 
Ohio (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1917 
Residents: 19 

Mrs. Thelma Warley, Director 

HoLLOWAY Deaconess Home, 303 Howard St., 
Bridgeport, Ohio 
Founded: 1900 
*Homie R. Clark, Director 
Tommie L. Caskey, Community Worker 
'Emma Vanek, Community Worker 

McKelvey Hall, 72 S. Washington Ave., Colum- 
bus 15, Ohio (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1900 
Residents : 20 
Mrs. Bonnie B. Basden, Director 

Mothers' Memorial Center, 547 W. 7th St., 
Cincinnati 3, Ohio 
Founded: 1923 
Enrollment : 90 
ULucile Holliday, Director 
Mrs. Effiie V. McPheeters, Nursery Worker 
Mrs. Sarah Smith, Nursery Worker 



Social Worker, Box 755, Windham, 
Founded: 1954 
*Doris Rhodes 



Oliio 



South Carolina — 

Killincsworth Home, 1831 Pendleton St., Co- 
lumbia, S. C. (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1947 
Residents: 30 
"Mary E. Nichols, Director 

Texas — 

Freeman Clinic and Newark Conference Hos- 
pital, 1109 E. 5th St., El Paso, Tex. 
Founded: 1921 

Capacity: 22 beds, 16 bassinets 
*MilIie Rickford, R.N., Superintendent 
Mrs. Refugio Castillo, Admitting Officer 
I^ois Jones, R.N., General Duty 
*Ruth Kern, R.N., B.S., Clinic "Supervisor , 

Dorothea Munoz, R.N., General Duty 
Mrs. Ramona Talvavera, L.V.N. , General 

Duty 
'Blanche Thornton, R.N., Supervisor 
Mrs. Anita Villazana, R.N., General Duty 

Rose Gregory Houchen Settlement, 1119 E. 5th 
St., El Paso, Tex. 
Founded: 1893 
Present building: 1012 
Serves approximately 15,000 
*Dorothy Little, Superintendent 
Clarice Elliott, Group Worker 
*Beatrice M. Fernandez, Day Nursery Super- 
visor 
*Patricia Gibson, Nursery School Teacher 
Edna Marlatt, Nursery School Teacher 
Jane Maxwell, Group Worker 
Alfonzo Ortega, Boys' Group Worker 
Clara Sarmiento, Group Worker 

Young Women's Cooperative Home, 1808 Wheeler 
St., Houston, Tex. (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1907 
Residents : 29 
Mrs. Ella Long, Director 
Mrs. Grace Martin 
Eloise Owen 
Mrs. Mattie C. Rayborn, Dietitian 

Utah— 

Esther Hall, 475 25th St., Ogden, Utah (Resi- 
dence Hall) 

Founded: 1913 

Residents : 20 

Marie E. Haass, Director 

Esther Hall, 347 S. 4th, E., Salt Lake City 2, 
Utah (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1936 
Residents : 13 
*Nellie Jones, Director 

Virginia — 

Susannah Wesley Hall, 223 29th St., Newport 
News, Va. (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1943 
Residents : 26 
*Pearl L. Eble, Director 

Wilson Inn, 3208 E. Broad St., Richmond 23, 
Va. (Residence Hall) 
Founded: 1911 
Residents: 56 
Cecile H. Davis, Director 
*Mable Wiggins 



•Deaconess. 



HHome Missionary. 



62 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



BUREAU OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND MEDICAL WORK— Conference 



Alabama — 

Eva Comer Cooperative Home, 1730 Eighth Ave., 
N., Birmingham 3, Ala. (Re.sidence Hall) 
(North Alabama Conference) 
Founded: 1920 
Residents : 50 
*Verr H. Zeliff, Director 
Annie Petree Oliver 
Alma Redd 

Arkansas — 

Social Worker, Booneville Sanatorium, Boone- 
ville, Ark. (North Arkansas Conference) 

California — 

Beulah Rest Home, 4690 Tompkins Ave., Oak- 
land 19, Calif. 

(California- Nevada Conference) 
Founded: 1909 
Residents: 90 
Mrs. Grace Anderson, Director 

General Hospital, 1337 Wright St., Los Angeles 
15, Calif. 

(Southern California-Arizona Conference) 
*Doris A. Price, Social Worker, c/o Chaplain's 
Office, or 1200 N. State St., Los Angeles, 
Calif. 

Methodist Hospit.al of Southern California, 2826 
S. Hope St., Los Angeles, Cal. 
(Southern California-Arizona Conference) 
Founded: 1903 

Capacity: 200 beds, 55 bassinets 
Walter R. Hoefflin, Jr., Administrator 
*Beulah A. Douglass 

District of Columbia — 

Svvartzell Methodist Home for Children, 6200 
Second St., N. W., Washington 11, D. C. 
(Baltimore Conference) 
Founded: 1912 
Residents : 45 
Mrs. Cora McCann, Director 

Washington Deaconess Home, 4825 16th St., 
N. W., Washington 11, D. C. 
(Baltimore Conference) 
Founded: 1889 
Residents : 8 
*L. Mae Fullmer, Director 



Cunningham Children's Home, 905 N. Cunning- 
ham Ave., Urbana, 111. 
(Illinois Conference) 
Founded: 1895 
Residents : 70 
Mrs. Merle N. English, Director 
'Beatrice McKee 
Edith Shufelt 

HoLDEN Memorial Hospital, Carbondale, 111. 
(Southern Illinois Conference) 
Founded: 1918 
Capacity : 50 beds 
C. Lindey Jackson, Administrator 

Esther Hall, 537 Melrose St., Chicago 13, 111. 
(Residence Hall) 
(Rock River Conference) 
Founded: 1916 
Residents : 27 
Mrs. Herbert Chenovv^eth, Director 

*Deaconess. 



Indiana — 

Esther Hall Deaconess Home, 1241 N. New 
Jersey St., Indianapolis 2, Ind. (Residence 
Hall) (Indiana Conference) 

Founded : 1942 (Esther Hall) 
Residents: 20 
Mrs. Esther S. Adams, Director 

Iowa — 

Shesler Hall, 1308 Nebraska St., Sioux City 18, 
Iowa (Residence Hall) 
(North Iowa Conference) 
Founded: 1901 
Residents : 30 
Mrs. Ethel Elliott, Director 

Kansas — 

Esther Hall, 1002 S. Broadway, Wichita 11, 
Kan. (Residence Hall) 
(Central Kansas Conference) 
Founded: 1923 
Residents : 33 
*Pearle McKeeman, Director 

Maryland — 

Baltimore Deaconess Work 
(Baltimore Conference) 

Meth-Pro Home, 810 St. Paul St., Baltimore 2, 
Md. (Residence Hall) 
(Baltimore Conference) 
Founded: 1928 
Residents: 20 
Mrs. Fletcher L. Duff, Director 

Wo-Ho-Mis Lodge, 607 Park Ave., Baltimore, 
Md. (Residence Hall) 
(Baltimore Conference) 
Founded: 1919 
Residents : 67 
Mrs. Emma S. Phillips, Director 

Michigan — 

Esther Hall, 523 Lyons St., N. E., Grand 
Rapids 3, Mich. (Residence Hall) 
(Michigan Conference) 
Founded: 1921 
Residents : 34 
Mrs. Vilena Mishler, Director 

Friendship Home, 6100 Scotten Ave., Detroit 10, 
Mich. (Residence Hall) 
(Detroit Conference) 
Founded: 1926 
Residents : 10 
Olney Rest Home, Ludington, Mich. 
(Michigan Conference) 
Founded: 19O0 

Minnesota — 

Methodist Girls' Club, 181 W. College Ave., St. 
Paul 2, Minn. (Residence Hall) 
(Minnesota Conference) 
Founded: 1917 
Residents : 26 
Mrs. J. L. Nelson, Director 

New York 

Children's Home of Wyoming Conference, 1182 
Chenango St., Binghampton, N. Y. 
(Wyoming Conference) 
Founded: 1913 
Residents : 64 
Harold Strong, Director 



Workers and Projects in Home Fields 



63 



Friendship Home, 300 Jefferson St., Buffalo 4, 

N. Y. (Residence Hall) 

(Genesee Conference) 

Founded: 1924 

Residents: 20 

Mrs. K. Wallis, Director 

Oregon — 

Methodist Home, 162.5 Center St., Salem, Ore. 
(Oregon Conference) 
Founded: 1009 
Residents: 70 
Mrs. Ethel Cole, Business Manager 

Pennsylvania — 

ElIZ.^BETH a. BR.4DLEY CHILDREN'S HoME, 214 

Hulton Rd.. Oakmont, Pa. 
(Pittslnirgh Conference) 

Founded: 1903 

Residents: 28 
, Director 

Esther Hall, 6055 Drexel Rd., Philadelphia 31, 
Pa. (Residence Hall) 
(Philadelphia Conference) 
Founded: 1926 
Residents: 15 
Mrs. Margaret A. Miller, Director 



Friendship House, 3902 Spruce St., Philadelphia, 
Pa. (Residence Hall) 
(Delaware Conference) 
Founded: 1923 
New Location: 1955 
Residents : 15 
Mrs. E. Moorehead, Director 

Morals Court, Pitt.sburgh, Pa. 
(Pittsburgh Conference) 
Mrs. A. C. Rinehart, 2608 Pennsylvania, Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

Pittsburgh Deaconess Home and Girls' Club, 
2000 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh 19, Pa. (Resi- 
dence Hall) (Pittsburgh Conference) 
Founded: 1890 
Residents: 29 

Mrs. Emil Dauenhauer, Director 

Ruth M. Smith Children's Home, 407 S. Main 
St., Sheffield, Pa. (Erie Conference) 
Founded: 1921 
Residents: 28 
Mrs. Robert M. Coulter, Director 

Tr.\velers' Aid, 618 Pennsylvania Station, Pitts- 
burgh 22, Pa. (Pittsburgh Conference) 
(Cooperative Work) 



BUREAU OF TOWN AND COUNTRY WORK— National 



Alabama — 

Mobile County Rural Center, Rt. 1, Mt. Ver- 
non, Ala. 
Mrs. Marjorie H. Hughes, Head Resident 
Mrs. Kenneth D. Sells, Teacher 

North Alabama Rural Work 
Bexar-Detroit Area 

Violet Guinn, Box 204, Hamilton, Ala. 

Lauderdale County 



South Alabama Rural Work 
Crenshaw -Coffee Counties 



Arizona — 

Eloy Community Center, Box 902. Eloy, Ariz. 
*Ethel R. Wolf, Head Resident 
Dorothy Price, Program Director 

Yuma Methodist Mission, Box 844, Yuma, Ariz. 
Eugene C. Johnston, Head Resident 
fMrs. Beverly Rieckhoff Johnston, Program 
Director 

Arkansas — 

Arkansas-Oklahoma Cooperative Rural Work 
Clark County 
fPolly Ann Lassiter, Box 514, Arkadelphia, 
Ark. 

Nashville Area 

Mrs. Annie W. Jones, Rt. 4, Box 136, Nash- 
ville, Ark. 
Sevier County 
*Dorothy Kelley, Box 207, DeQueen, Ark. 

North Arkansas Rural Work 
Imboden County 

tlris Bell, Box 204, Imboden, Ark. 
Izard County Parisli 
*Mary Chaflin, Box 327, Melbourne, Ark. 



California — 

Neighborhood House, 506 Fourth Street, Calex- 
ico, Calif. 
*Lulu B. Bryan, Head Resident 
*Louise Murray, Program Director 
Mrs. Ofelia Cazares, Director Children's Work 

, Girls' Club Worker 

William C. Cunningham, Boys' Club Worker 

Florida — 

Florida Rural Work 
Liberty County 
*Carol Gibby, c/o J. O. McDonald, Pinetta, 
Fla. 
Gainesville Area 

Rebecca Moddelmog, Box 155, Lake Butler, 
Fla. 

Georgia — 

Georgia Cooperative Rural W^ork 
Coordinator 
*Addie Mae Jamieson, 483 College St., Ma- 
con, Ga. 

North Georgia Rural Work 
Carroll County 
*Ella Virginia Courtney, c/o West Georgia 
College, Carrollton, Ga. 
Barnesville Area 

tBetty Jo Hill, Box 333, Barnesville, Ga. 
Royston Area 

jRuth King, Royston, Ga. 

South Georgia Rural Work 

Cairo Area 
tWilla Dean Lindsay, 810 S. Broad St., 
Cairo, Ga. 
Rochelle Area 

Ruth Beasley, Rochelle, Ga. 
Jeffersonville Area 

fMary Frances Crawford, Jeffersonville, Ga. 
Poulan-Bridgeboro Area 

Doris Reynolds, Sumner, Ga. 



*Deaconess; fU. S.-2 



64 



Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 



McCarty Community House, 105 Second St., 
Cedartown, Ga. 
*Helen Carter, Head Resident 
tGeraldine Guptill, Group Worker 

Kentucky — 

Muhlenberg Methodist Settlement, Rt. 4, Cen- 
tra! City, Ky. 
*Myrta Davis, Head Resident 
Martha .Schlapbach, Group Worker 

Sue Bennett Rural Project, Sue Bennett College, 
London, Ky. 
•Mary Cameron 

West Kentucky Rural Work 
MadisonviUe Area 
•Grace Thatcher, 247 W. Broadway, Madi- 
sonviUe, Ky. 

Louisiana — 

DuLAC Indian Work, Box ll.jO, Dulac, La. 
Herbert C. Brunson, Head Resident 
Mrs. Herbert C. Brunson, Program Director 

and Kindergarten Teacher 
Wilhelmina Hooper, Director of Adult Edu- 
cation 

Louisiana Rural Work 
Louisiana Bayou Work 

Mrs. J. E. Graves, Nurse, Box 1150, Dulac, 
La. 
Louisiana Cooperative Work 
•Elizabeth Thompson, Box 4156, Shreveport, 
La. 
St. Tammany Parish 
•Shiela Nuttall, Box 6, Lacombe, La. 

MacDonell Methodist Center, P. O. Box 270, 
Houma, La. 
Anne Couooules, Director 
Velma Lea Hair, Housemother 
Mrs. Abel Toupe, Housemother 

, Housemotlier 

Mrs. Velma Hebert, Secretary 

Maine — 

Maine Rural Work 

Casco Bay L'^Iand Parish 



Mississippi — 

Mississippi Rural Center, Box 229, Columbia, 
Miss. 
Isaac Pittman, Director 
Mrs. Isaac Pittman, Program Director 
•Margaret Bess, Librarian and Group Worker 

North Mississippi Rural Work 
Ittawamba County 

Loraine Heath, Box 275, Fulton, Miss. 
Tishom.inpo County 
•Cora Lee Glenn, luka. Miss. 

South Mississippi Rural Work 
Jackson County 

Mrs. Augusta Hehns, Waynesboro, Miss. 
Yazoo County 



Missouri — 

N.4TIDNAL College Rural Work, 5123 Truman R( 
Kansas City 27, Mo. 
•Vera Falls, Field Work Supervisor 
North Missouri Rural Work 



Southwest Missouri Rural Work 
Barry County 

Katheryn Kuliler, 402 West St., Cassville, 
Mo. 
Johnson County 

•Lois Marquart, Box 68, Warrensburg, Mo. 
Marshfield Area 
*Leone Lemons, 503 S. Marshall, Marshfield, 
Mo. 

New Hampshire — 

New Hampshire Rural ■\\ork 
Parish of the Headwaters 
•Dorothy Wilber, Box 362, Colebrook, N. H. 

North Carolina — 

Eastern North Carolina Rural Work 
Caswell County 

•Alta Nye, Semora, N. C. 
Boherdell Area 
•Ethelvnde Ballance, Rt. 3, Rockingham, 
N. "C. 
Western North Carolina Rural Work 
Macon Count^i 

tMargaret Wilson, Franklin, N. C. 
Surry County 

tJean Beaty, 300 Granite St., Mt. Airy, N. C. 
Watauqa Charge 

•Geraldine Surratt, Rt. 1, Banner Elk, N. C. 
Yancey County 

Mrs. Arthelia H. Brooks, Rt. 2, Burnsville, 
N. C. 
Cherokee Indian Mission 

•Eleanore Hickok, Box 500, Cherokee, N. C. 

Ohio— 

Dilles Community Center, Dilles Bottom 
, Director 

Oklahoma — 

COOKSON Hills Center, Cookson, Okla. 
•Dorothy Clark. Group Worker atid Librarian 
Mrs. Gertrude Binder, Nurse 

Ixdian Mission Cooperative Work 

Mrs. Waldo Wettengel, Coordinator, Rusli 

Springs, Okla. 
•Evelvn Green, Director of Youth Work, P. O. 
Box 4029, Oklahoma City 9, Okla. 
Mrs. Ebenezer Wesley, JDirector Leadership 
Training, Box 79, Antlers, Okla. 
PcNCA Methodist Mission, Rt. 4, Ponca City, 
Okla. 
Robert Pinezaddleby, Director 

Pennsylvania — 

Hollywood Community House, Rt. 1, Box 56, 
Hazleton, Pa. 
Mrs. Edith Roher Schmeer, Director 
McCrum Community House (Oliver Chapel), 26 
Nutt Ave., Uniontown, Pa. 
•Bessie K. Van Scyoc, Head Resident 
•Alice Farrington, Kindergarten Teacher 
•Bozena Sochor, Group Worker 
Metcalfe Community House, Rt. 1, Dunbar, Pa. 
•Lillian Ellis, Head Resident 

Tennessee — 

Dale Hollow Lahcer Parish, Alpine, Tenn. 



Southeast Missouri Rural Work 
Montgomery County 
•Grace Badgett, Montgomery City, Mo. 



Middle Tennessee Rural Work 
Waynesboro Area 
•Anne McKenzie, Waynesboro, Tenn. 



•Deaconess. 



tU,S.-2. 



Workers and Projects in Home Fields 



65 



SCARBITT Ck)LLEaB RuBAL WoRK, Nashville 5, Tenn. 
•Rosemary Nixon, Field Work Supervisor, 
pro tern. 

West Tennessee Rural Work 
Dyersburg District Group Ministry 
*Ruby Hudgins, Finley, Tenn. 
jGail Whitaker, Finley, Tenn. 

Tennessee-Virginia — 

HoLSTON Valley Rural Work 
Coordinator 
'Catherine Ezell, Box 1178, Johnson Citv, 

Tenn. 
Cleveland -Big Springs 
tVema Mae Parker, 983 Inman St., N. E., 
Cleveland, Tenn. 
Cocke County Area 

Ruth E. Craven, Del Rio, Tenn. 
French Broad Area 
fBetty Cox, Rt. 8, Box 229-A, Knoxville, 
Tenn. 
Hawkins County 

Gladys Newcomb, Surgoinsville, Tenn. 
Iron Mountain Larger Parish 

Yvonne Linkous, Grant, Va. 
Johnson City Area 

fGeraldine Hunt, Box 87, Chuckey, Tenn. 
Marion County 

*Martha Stewart, Box 435, Jasper, Tenn. 
Meadow Area 

Lou Ella Sherlin, Greenback, Tenn. 
Middle Valley 

Dorothy Caudle, Rt. 1, Hixson, Tenn. 
Scott County Larger Parish 

Myrtle Dulaney, Box 475, Gate City, Va. 
Tazewell District 
•Sarah Kee, Box 503, Honaker, Va. 
Garden Creek Community Center, Box 126, Oak- 
wood, Va. 
Emma Mann, Head Resident 
t Margaret Grebbell, Kindergarten Teacher 
and Rural Worker 

Texas — 

Alpine Community Center, Box 176, Alpine, Tex. 

Mrs. Mabel N. Hamilton, Head Resident 
Central Texas Rural Work 
Cisco Area 

Mrs. Nan H. Wright, Box 1252, Cisco, Tex. 

North Texas Rural Work 
Red River County 



Southwest Texas Rural Work 
Axis tin Area 

•Margaret Hight, Box 25, Fentress, Tex. 

Valley Institute, Box 56, Pharr, Tex. 
•Martha Home, Head Resident 
Mrs. Esther T. Wellman, Director Adult 
Work 
•Beulah Morton, Director, Children's Work 
fMarjorie Steel, Director, Youth Work 

Wesley Community House, 414 N. Buena Vista, 
Robstown, Tex. 

•Mabel J. Whited, Head Resident 
Barbara Boggs, Group Worker and Kinder- 
garten Teacher 

Utah— 

Highland Boy Community House, Rt. 1, Box 
30-B, Bingham Canyon, Utah 
•Ada Duhigg, Head Resident 
•Mildred May, Kindergarten Teacher 
•Margaret Stimson, Group Worker 

Vermont — 

North Barre Community Center, 101 Smith St., 
Barre, Vt. 
•Marjorie Hanton, Head Resident 
•Frieda Morris, Group Worker 

, Group Worker and Music Teacher 

Dorothy Tomasini, Secretary 

Virginia — 

Virginia Rural Work 
Franklin County 

Charlotte Seegars, c/o Ferrum Junior Col- 
lege, Ferrum, Va. 
Oriskany Rural Project 



OzoNA Communitt House, Box 41, Ozona, Tex. 
Mildred Ralston, Head Resident 
Isidra Verver, Group Worker 
Southsidb Community Center, 518 S. Guadalupe 
St., San Marcos, Tex. 
•Mary Riddle, Head Resident 



Lexington Larger Parish 
t Amanda Sarah Pleasant, 102 Moore St., 
Lexington, Va. 

West Virginia — 

Scott's Run Settlement, Box 147, Osage, W. Va. 
•Margaret Marshall and 
John Marshall, Co-directors 

West Virginia Coal Fields, Bluefield District 
Roderfield Area 
•Jennie Flood, Coordinator, Box 604, Roder- 
field, W. Va. 
•Waunita Trickett, Community Worker, Box 
604, Roderfield, W. Va. 
Mrs. Izetta H. Taylor, Community Worker, 
Box 483, Coalwood, W. Va. 

Wesley House, Amherstdale, W. Va. 
Louise Agazzi, Head Resident 
Alice Hite, Group Worker 

Wisconsin — 

Odanah Indian Work 

Mrs. Harry Dovenspike, Veterans' Court, 
Ashland, Wis. 

West Wisconsin Rural Work 
Barron County 

•Gene Maxwell, Phillips, Wis. 



BUREAU OF TOWN AND COUNTRY WORK— Conference 



Illinois — 

Langleyville Settlement, Langleyville, 111. 
HZoe L. King, Director 

Kansas — 

Eastern Kansas Rural Work 
Doniphan County 

•Doris DeGraff, Wathena, Kan. 

Mexican Mission (Cooperative), Lyons, Kan. 



•Deaconess. 



tU.S.-2. 



Michigan — 

Detroit Conference Frontier Work 

Mrs. J. B. Silas, Oscoda, Mich. 
Michigan Conference Frontier Work 



Montana — 

Methodist Blackfeet Mission (Cooperative 
Work) 



66 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



New York and Pennsylvania — 

Erie Rural Work 
Good Neighbor Larger Parish 

Bemice Ballance, Forrestville, N. Y. 
Genesee Conference Rural Work 
Canisteo Valley Cooperative Parish 

fMarcella Gustafson, 1 Park PI., Addison, 
N. Y. 

Pennsylvania — 

Central Pennsylvania Rural Work 
Hughesville Larger Parish 
*Ruth McDannell, Star Route, Harrisonville, 
Pa. 

South Carolina — 

South Carolina Rural Work 
Spartanburg -Greenville Area 
*Mary Beth Littlejohn, Pacolet, S. C. 



West Virginia — 

Fairmont Sub-district Mission Work 

*Sophia Fetzer, 226 Walnut Ave., Fairmont, 
W. Va. 

Minnie Nay Settlement House, 43 Marshall St., 
Benwood, W. Va. 
*Dorothy Dodd, Head Resident 
*Frances Bearnes, Group Worker 

Sabbatical Leave 

*Verdie Anderson 

On Leave for Study 

Alice Cobb *Virginia Tague 

Retired 

Mrs. Wenona Jett *011ie Willings 



BUREAU OF URBAN WORK— National 



Alabama — 

Bethlehem House, 150 Eighth Ave., N., Bir- 
mingham 4, Ala. 
•Virginia Tyler, Director 
Mrs. Sebelle Lytle, Group Worker 
Elmer Harris, Group Worker 
Thomas Brown, Group Worker 

Dumas Wesley House, 2732 Mill St., Mobile 17, 
Ala. 
*Esther G. Palmer, Head Resident 
Luciel DeLoach, Group Worker 
H. E. McCrary, Group Worker 

Ensley Community House, 1400 Avenue H, Ens- 
ley 8, Ala. 
•Virginia Tyler, Director 
*Mary Schacklett, Group Worker 
*Rubye Russell, Group Worker 
Mrs. Esther Boone, Kindergarten Teacher 
Mrs. Rosalyn Lewis, Kindergarten Teacher 

Ensley Community House, Elyton Branch, 465 
W. First St., Birmingham 4, Ala. 
Mrs. Estelle Johnson, After-school Care and 
Group Worker 

Nellie Burge Community Center, 1226 Clay St., 
Montgomery 5, Ala. 
•Sophie Kuntz, Head Resident 
Mrs. Vancile Baxley, Club Worker 

Arizona — 

Wesley House, 910 E. Sherman, Phoenix, Ariz. 
Florence McKnight, Director 
•Marjorie Dumke, Group Worker 

Arkansas — 

Aldersgate Camp, Rt. 6, Box 564, Little Rock, 
Ark. 
M. W. Willis, Director 

Methodist Community Work, 1007 Izard St., 
Little Rock, Ark. 

California — 

Homer Toberman Settlement House, 131 N. Grand 
Ave., San Pedro, Calif. 
Mrs. Louise M. Larsen, Executive Director 
*Cleo Barber, Program Director 
Mrs. Marriam C. Roberts, Group Worker 
Martha Kerfoot, Group Worker 
C. E. Angus, Group Worker 
Ruth Murphy, Group Worker 
jElsa Milby, Group Worker 



Florida — 

Miami Latin Center, 1200 N. E. Miami Ct., 
Miami 32, Fla. 

•Lillian Kelly, Head Resident 
•May Coburn, Kindergarten Teacher 

Rosa Valdez Settlement, 1802 N. Albany, Box 
4183, Tampa 7, Fla. 
•Dorothea M. Reid, Head Resident 
tOlive Hicks, Group Worker 
JMary Alice Andresen, Kindergarten Teacher 

Wesley Community House, 1100 Varela St., Key 
West, Fla. 

•Arlene Merritt, Head Resident 
*Beatrice Orrell, Kindergarten Teacher 

Wolff Settlement, 2801 Seventeenth St., Tampa 
5, Fla. 
Norma Bonniger, Head Resident 
jJeanette Blakely, Group Worker 
jClara Faye Keaton, Kindergarten Teacher 

Georgia — 

Bethlehem Community Center, 9 McDonough 
Blvd., S. E., Atlanta, Ga. 
Clyde C. McCrary, Executive Director 
Mrs. Mary Louise McCrary, Assistant Di- 
rector 
Mrs. Marcella Upton, Group Worker 
Mrs. J. H. Graham, Group Worker 
Mrs. Susie P. Brown, Kindergarten Teacher 

Bethlehem Community Center, 1336 Conklin 
Ave., Augusta, Ga. 
•Fannie Bame. Head Resident 
Mrs. A. W. Gardiner, Group Worker 
Mrs. W. R. Mack, Group Worker 
Mrs. Felicia Abney, Kindergarten Teacher 
Mrs. Rosalind Smith, Group Worker 
Mrs. Fred Damren, Group Worker 
Willie C. Williams, Boys' Worker 

Bethlehem Center, 508 E. Gordon St., Savan- 
nah, Ga. 
Mrs. J. H. Taggart, Director 
Mrs. Norma Tolbert 
Mrs. Pearl M. Harden 

Open Door Community House, 2405 Second Ave., 
Columbus, Ga. 
•Florence R. Jury, Head Resident 
•Kathryn E. Esterline, Club Director 
S. Earl Ward, Boys' Work, Director 



"Deaconess. 



tU.S.-2. 



Workers and Projects in Home Fields 



67 



WtsLEY Community House, 342 Richardson St., 
S. W., Atlanta, Ga. 
•Rosamond Johnson, Head Resident 
"Mabel K. Harrell, Group Worker 
Iris Fraser, Group Worker 

Illinois — 

Lessie Bates Davis Neighborhood House, 1200 
N. 13th St., East St. Louis, 111. 
Lydia E. Gerhart, Head Resident 
Julia Hays, Group Worker 
Deryl H. Kidwell, Day Care Supervisor 
Valeria Pownall, Day Care Worker 
jMarianna Hunsinger, Day Care Teacher 
fStella Lowe, Day Care Teacher 

Maecy Center, 1539 S. Springfield Ave., Chicago 
23, HI. 

*Mona E. Kewish, Director 
Hazzard F. Parks, Program Director 
Mrs. Susie Parks, Nursery School Su|iervisor 

*Ramona Hundt, Group Worker 

*Berta Engel, Administrative Assistant 

jLinda Gragg, Girls' Worker 

{Robert Trost, Boys' Worker 

*Mae Ann Farrell, Group Worker 

*Flora Clipper, Nursery School Teacher 

Newberry Avenue Center, 1335 S. Newberry 
Ave., Chicago 8, 111. 
Barrington Dunbar, Head Resident 
Olivia Napoleon, Nursery School Director 
Lillie Lynem, Group Worker 
Theodore Derricote, Program Supervisor 
Alice Reffels, Head Nursery Teacher 
Raber Terrefe, Nursery Teacher 
Alyce Evans, Nursery Teacher 

Indiana — 

Campbell Friendship House, 2100 Washington 
St., Gary, Ind. 
Emma Freeman, Head Resident 
Evangeline F. Morse, Program Director 
fMarion Woodward, Girls' Worker 
Bransford J. Norton, Boys' Worker 
Mrs. Doris Norton, Girls' Worker 
Mrs. Geraldine Pierce, Play .School Teacher 

Neighborhood Community Center, 2004 John St., 
Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Mrs. Leona C. Wilkerson, Community Worker 

Kentucky — 

Wesley Community House, 801 E. Washington 
St., Louisville 6, Ky. 
*Helen Mandlebaum, Head Resident 
Mary Jane Renner, Group Worker 
Ramona Kirby, Group Worker 
Mildred Mowerj', Group Worker 
HBuford E. Farris, Jr., Group Worker 

Louisiana — 

People's Methodist Community Center, 2019 
Simon Bolivar Ave., New Orleans 13, La. 
Mrs. Pearl C. Tumbull, Nursery Teacher 

St. Mark's Community Center, 1130 N. Rampart 
St., New Orleans 16, La. 
*Fae L. Daves, Head Resident 
•Carolyn Grisham, Group Worker 
Laura I. Smith, Group Leader 
Mrs. John R. Bewley, Group Leader 
Mrs. Melvin Peralta, Day Care Teacher 
Mrs. J. P. Sexton, Office Secretary 

Mississippi — 

Bethlehem Center, 920 N. Blair St., Jackson 2, 
Miss. 
•Moselle Eubanks, Director 
Theresa Hicks, Girls' Worker 
Hugh Clayton, Boys' Worker 
Mrs. Eddye V. Wiggins, Kindergarten Teacher 



Moore Community House, 932 Davis St., Uiloxi, 
Miss. 
•Eunice E. Stockton, Head Resident 
Margaret Uehara, Club Worker 
•Emily Guiguo, Kindergarten Teacher 

Wesley Community House, 1520 Eighth Ave., 
Meridian, Miss. 
•Birdie Reynolds, Head Resident 
*Mae I. Greer, Club Director 

Missouri — 

Della C. Lamb Neighborhood House, 702 .\dmiral 
Blvd., Kansas City 6, Mo. 
•Betty Bowers, Director 
•Lela Powers, Nursery School Director 
Mrs. Josie Savage, Supervisor Nursery School 

Teachers 
Evelyn Breeden, Group Worker 
Mrs. Ida Wilson, Day Care Worker 
Mrs. H. G. McCuUough, Financial Secretary 

Kingdom House, 1102 Morrison Ave., St. Louis 

4, Mo. 
Ralph J. Koeppe, Executive Director 
Mrs. Pauline Key, Girls' and Adult Work 

Director 
Horton Rogers, Boys' Work Director 
Julia Zimmerman, Nursery Director 
Mrs. Gertrude Dougherty, Nursery Teacher 
Mrs. Sona Richards, Nursery Teacher 
Mrs. Marion Zinser, Neighborhood Visitor 

Wesley Community House, 200 Cherokee St., 
St. Joseph 48, Mo. 
•Helen Byrd Reeves, Head Resident 
Will Lane, Boys' Worker 
Mrs. Vella Fisher, Nursery Worker 
fLeona Fredericks, Group Worker 

New York — 

Neighborhood Center, 615 Mary St., Utica 3, 
N. Y. 
URuth Wright, Executive Director 
Marie A. Russo, Group Work Program Di- 
rector 
Irma Vrtachnik, Group Worker 
Barbara Phillips, Group Worker 
Mary Catherine Abbott, Nursery Director 
Mrs. Florence Miller, Nursery Teacher 
Work Among Puerto Ricans, New York, N. Y. 
Mrs. Catherine Van Vlack (Grace Methodist 
Church, 131 W. 104th St., New York 25, 
N. Y.) 

North Carolina — 

Bethlehem Center, 301 S. Caldwell, Charlotte 
6, N. C. 
•Margaret Hodkins, Head Resident 
tEvelyn Harden, Group Worker 
•Lola B. Timm, Kindergarten Teacher 
Frances Jones, Assistant Kindergarten Teacher 

Bethlehem Community Center, 408 Hickory St., 
Winston-Salem 4, N. C. 
Mrs. J. A. Hunter, Acting Head Resident 
Mrs. H. N. Jackson, Kindergarten Teacher 
Mrs. Videssa Davis, Nursery Teacher 
Mrs. Alice M. Brown, Nursery Teacher 

Defense Work (Cherry Point Marine Base) , 
Havelock, N. C. 
Charlotte Stevenson, Community Worker (Box 
193, Havelock, N. C.) 

Ohio — 

Pearl Street Methodist Community House, 334 
N. Pearl St., Youngstown 6, Ohio 
William Beckman, Superintendent 
Mrs. Mary Jo Credico, Girls' Worker 
Gilbert Marrero, Boys' Worker 
Mrs. Dorothy Reinman, Kindergarten Teacher 



•Deaconess. 



tU.S.-2. 



11 Home Missionary. 



68 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Rebecca Williams Community House, 760 Main 
Ave., S. W., Warren, Ohio 
Esther Tappan, Director 
Mrs. Charles Stiggers, Nursery School Teacher 

South Side Settlement, 363 Reeb Ave., Colum- 
bus 7, Ohio 
Mrs. Kenneth C. McCandless, Director 
*Martha Bucke, Nursery School Director 
HJosephine Beokvi'ith, Girls' Program Director 
Carl Pangle, Boys' Program Director 

Oklahoma — 

Bethlehem Community Center, 530 N. E. Sixth 
St., Oklahoma City, Okla. 
*Melva Humphrey, Head Resident 
Esther M. Brotherson, Group Worker 
Mrs. Julia Harris, Club Worker 

Wesley Community Center, 431 S. W. 11th St., 
Oklahoma City 4, Okla. 
*Dorothy M. Russell, Head Resident 
*Margaret D. McLaughlin, Group Worker 

Oregon — 

Linnton Community Center, 10614 N. W. St. 
Helen's Rd., Portland 10, Ore. 
*Ella Eisner, Director 

South Carolina — 

Bethlehem Community Center, 2500 Elmwood 
Ave., Columbia 24, S. C. 
*Thelma Heath, Director 
Margaret E. Burwick, Group Worker 
Mrs. Sarah E. Foard, Kindergarten Worker 
Mrs. Joseph Hope, Adult Worker 

Bethlehem Center, 397 Highland Ave., Spartan- 
burg, S. C. 
*Annie Mclver Rogers, Head Worker 
*Marcella Killey, Girls' Worker 
James Thornton, Boys' Worker 
Mrs. Eloise N. Turner, Adult Worker 
V. Olivia Gist, Kindergarten Worker 
jMona McNutt, Group Worker 

Defense Work (Parris Island Marine Base), 
Beaufort, S. C. 
Mrs. Nancy S. Altman, Community Worker 
(Box 382, Beaufort, S. C.) 

Tennessee — 

Bethlehem Community House, 1401 College St., 
Chattanooga 3, Tenn. 
•Constance E. Perry, Head Resident 
Alice McClellan, Children's Worker 
fMargaret Applegate, Girls' Worker 

Bethlehem Center, 749 Walker Ave., Memphis 
6, Tenn. 
*Mary Lou Bond, Head Resident 
*Louise Weeks, Program Director 
tDoris Neal, Group Worker 
tAline Sykes, Group Worker 
Mrs. H. H. Jones, Kindergarten Teacher 
Mrs. Georgia Dancey, Kindergarten Teacher 

Bethlehem Center, 1417 Charlotte Ave., Nash- 
ville 3, Tenn. 
HFrederick D. Rogers, Executive Director 
*Rachel Divers, Group Worker 
Thomas F. Mumphery, Group Worker 
Horace Buford, Group Worker 
Mrs. Edna Wood, Club Worker 

Centenary Methodist Institute, 612 Monroe St., 
Nashville 8, Tenn. 
•Elizabeth Nowlin, Head Resident 
Jeanette Grifiin, Program Director 
Mrs. C. R. Williams, Kindergarten Teacher 
Mrs. Thomas Page, Assistant Kindergarten 
Teacher 



Mrs. Mattie Byrne, Assistant Day Care 

Worker 
Thomas Page, Boys' Club Worker 
tJo Ann Richardson, Club Worker 

Wesley Community Center, 1024 E. Main St., 
Chattanooga 8, 'Tenn. 
*PearIe Edwards, Head Resident 
fTheresa Terry, Group Worker 
Howell V. Ivester, Recreation Worker 
Mrs. Joyce Ellen Owens, Recreation Worker 
Mrs. Gertrude Boleman, Nursery School 

Teacher 
Mrs. Elvira Simpson, Nursery School Teacher 

Wesley Settlement House, 923 Dameron Ave., 
Knoxville 16, Tenn. 
Mrs. Josephine F. Maskall, Acting Director 

Wesley House, 562 N. Fifth St., Memphis 7, 
Tenn. 
TIEthel R. Decker, Head Resident 
II Edna C. Poole, Group Worker 
*Leota E. Kruger, Children's Worker 

Texas — 

Bethlehem Center, 2921 Thomas Ave., Dallas 4, 
Tex. 
*Ruby Berkley, Director 
tCarolyn Lamon, Girls' Worker 
Ruby Kimble, Children's Worker 
Mrs. Marie McQueen, Kindergarten Teacher 

Bethlehem Center, 970 E. Humbolt St., Fort 
Worth 4, Tex. 
^Robert E. Shrider, Director 
*Lucy R. Gist, Girls' Worker 
Roosevelt Jones, Boys' Worker 
fBetty Sue Harris, Group Worker 

Good Neighbor Settlement House, 13th and Tyler 
Sts., Brownsville, Tex. 
Mrs. Pearl Peacock, Acting Director 
Mrs. Luis R. Sada, Group Worker 

Kindergarten Work on Mexican Border 

*Mattie Yarn, Supervisor (Valley View An- 
nex, Apt. No. 5, 952 Palm Blvd., Browns- 
ville, Tex.) 
Brownsville, Tex. 
Naomi R. Mcintosh, Kindergarten Teacher 
(952 Palm Blvd., Apt. No. 6, Brownsville, 
Tex.) 
McAllen, Tex. 
Mrs. F. T. Livingston, Kindergarten 
Teacher (330 W. Cherokee, Pharr, Tex.) 
Mission, Tex. 
Marie Mendez, Kindergarten Teacher (Box 
702, Mission, Tex.) 
Rio Grande City, Tex. 
Mrs. Adela Gutierrez, Kindergarten Teacher 
(Box 433, Rio Grande City, Tex.) 

Latin American Methodist Mission, 2819 Vine 
St., Dallas, Tex. 
*Darla Brown, Kindergarten and Club Worker 
Mrs. Manuel Angeles, Assistant Kindergarten 
Teacher 
Wesley House, P. O. Box 1315, Amarillo, Tex. 

, Head Resident (1107 Travis, 

Amarillo, Tex.) 

Wesley Community Center, 2502 N. Akard St., 
Dallas 1, Tex. 
*Mary L. Bope, Head Resident 
Mrs. E. E. Montieth, Kindergarten Teacher 
Don Sinclair, Boys' Worker 
Elma Heath, Girls' Club Director 
Mrs. Esther Blanco, Assistant Kindergarten 
Teacher 



"Deaconess. 



HHome Missionary. 



fU.S.-2. 



Workers and Projects in Home Fields 



69 



Wesley Community House, 2131 N. Comiiieice, 
Fort Worth 6, Tex. 
*Ruth Fuessler, Head Resident 
Lillian Hilburn, Kindergarten and Children's 

Worker 
John Yarzo, Boys' Worker 

Wesley Community House, 1011 Elysian St., 
Houston 10, Tex. 
*Inez Martin, Head Resident 
Polly Ann Gemar, Girls' Worker 
Arnold Mercado, Boys' Worker 

Wesley Community House, 150 Coliina St., San 
Antonio 7, Tex. 
•Katharine S. Arnold, Head Resident 
•Mabel Clark, Program Direitor 
Blanche Ratliff, Supervisor Buildings nm\ 

Grounds 
Mrs. Bess Hearn, Clinic Supervisor 
Mrs. Olga TafoUo, Kindergarten Teacher 

Whosoever Community House, 310 S. San Saha 
St., San Antonio 7, Tex. 
•Martha Robinson, Director 
Mrs. Lura Pollard, Case Worker 
Mrs. Pauline V. Jones, Group Worker 
Harriet Chapin 
Mrs. Mary G. Keefe, Kindergarten Teacher 

Virginia — 

Bethlehem Center, 1016 State St., Richmond 
23, Va. 
*Ida Bilger, Director 



•Adair Myer, Club Worker 
Mrs. Ida J. Thompson, Kindergarten Teacher 
Mrs. Lucille B. Giles, Club Worker 
Frederick N. Christian, Boys' Worker 

Wesley Community House, 626 Upper St., Dan- 
ville, Va. 

Joellyn Fleming, Head Resident 

Mrs. Nadine J. Gammon, Kindergarten and 
Head Nursery Teacher 

Mrs. Leonard Allmond, Nursery and Kinder- 
garten Assistant 

Wesley Community Center, 229 Henry St., 
Portsmouth, Va. 
•Eva Crenshaw, Head Resident 
Mrs. Lillie Gilliam, Kindergarten Teacher 
Mrs. Sybil W. Darley, Assistant Kindergarten 
Teacher 

Washington — 

Seattle Atlantic Street Center, 2103 Atlantic 
St., Seattle 44, Wash. 
Tsuguo Ikeda, Director 
Mrs. Raymond Williams, Group Worker 
Mrs. Roy Smith, Play School "Teacher 

Tacoma Community House, 1311 S. "M" St., 
Tacoma 5, Wash. 
"Eunice Allen, Director 
Jeanne Thomas, Group Worker 
Mrs. Harold Billie, Group Worker 
Samuel N. Glass, Jr., Group Worker 
Mrs. Wayne Chamberlin, Play School Teacher 



BUREAU OF URBAN WORK— Conference 



California — 

Church of All Nations, 824 E. Sixth St., Los 
Angeles 21, Calif. 
*Frances A. Taylor, Kindergarten Teacher 

Colorado— 

Spanish Work, Fort Lupton, Colo. 



Spanish Work, Denver, Colo. 
•Martha Bebermeyer, Community Worker (c/o 
Epworth Methodist Church, 1130 31st St., 
Denver 5, Colo.) 

Delaware — 

Mary Todd Gambrill Neighborhood House, 400 S. 
Heald St., Wihnington 1, Del. 
•Genevieve C. Poppe, Director 
•Jennie Propert, Group Worker 
fBetty Lou Brown, Group Worker 

Riddle Memorial Deaconess Home and Center, 
307 West St., Wilmington 1, Del. 
•Genevieve C. Poppe, Director 
JBetty Lou Brown, Group Worker 
jComelia Gray, Group Worker 

Illinois — 

First Bohemlan Methodist Church, 1100 W. 
19th PI., Chicago 8, 111. 



Halsted Street Institutional Church, 1935 E. 
Halsted St., Chicago 8, 111. 
Kathryn Douglas 

St. Matthew's Methodist Church, 1000 Orleans 
St., Chicago 10, 111. 
Mineola Booker 



Iowa — 

Bidwbll-Rivesside Community Center, 1203 
Hartford Ave., Des Moines 15, Iowa 
•Julia L. Tompos, Head Resident 
•EflBe Lewton, Group Worker 

Harriet Ballou Day Nursery, 312 S. Wall St., 
Box 1438, Sioux City, Iowa 
liJoy L. Smith, Supervisor 
Grace M. Gillispie, Program Director 
Mrs. Johnnie Anderson, Preschool Teacher 
Barbara Thompson, Group Worker 

Helping Hand Mission, Hutchinson Religious 
Center, 920 Fourth St., Sioux City 1, Iowa 
•Myrtle Beck, Program Director 

John Huss Methodist Church, Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa 
Ruth Husband, Supply Pastor 

Wall Street Mission, 312 S. Wall St., Sioux 
City, Iowa 
TIJoy L. Smith, Social Worker 



Mexican Mission, 905 S. St. Francis St., Wich- 
ita 11, Kan. 



Massachusetts-^ 

Hattie B. Cooper Community Centre, 716 Shaw- 
mut Ave., Roxbury 19, Mass. 
Mrs. Ethel R. Clark, Executive Director 
Mrs. Annie L. Hyman, Nursery School Direc- 
tor 
Mrs. Eleanor Morris, Nursery Teacher 
Mrs. Hazel Brothers, Nursery Teacher 
Mrs. Frances Palmer, Group Worker 



•Deaconess. tU-S.-2. UHome Missionary. 



70 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Michigan — 

City Missions, Detroit, Mich. 



Methodist Community House, 904 Sheldon Ave., 
S. E., Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Mrs. Lawrence Voss, Acting Director 
Mrs. Henrene Sheffey, Nursery Director 

Mississippi — 

First Methodist Church, Box 245, Greenville, 
Miss. 
•Louise L.iw, Social Worker 

Nebraska — 

Neighborhood House, 2201 Cass St., Omaha 2, 
Neb. 
Mrs. Henry E. Hoyer, Executive Director 
Barbara J. Dunn, Group Worker 

New Jersey — 

Deaconess Work, Newark Conference 
*May L. Webster, Community Worker (2811 

Hudson Blvd., Jersey City 6, N. J.) 
*Ula M. Garrison, Community Worker (c/o 

Centenary Church, Summer Ave. and 

Kearney St., Newark, N. J.) 

New Jersey Conference Deaconess Home and 
Community Center, 278 Kaighn Ave., Cam- 
den 3, N. J. 
*Ruth A. Flaherty, Superintendent 
*Marie H. Frakes, Nursery School Teacher 

New York — 

Brooklyn Deaconess Work 
Janes Methodist Church 
Miss Lucy D. Jackson, 174 Reid Ave., 
Brooklyn 21, N. Y. 
South Third Street Church 



Warren Street Church 
Miss Carolyn Baria, 134 Baltic St., Brook- 
lyn 2, N. Y. 

Jefferson Park Fresh Air Camp (Long Branch, 
N. J.) 



Ohio- 



West Side Community House, 3000 Bridge Ave., 

Cleveland 13, Ohio 
Bernard S. Houghton, Executive Director 
Ethel Levanthal, Group Worker 
John Eichenberger, Group Worker 
Mrs. Mary Eckert, Group Worker 
Mrs. Eleanore D. Houghton, Director Day 

Care Center 
Mrs. Marguerite Norris, Day Care Teacher 
Doris Hundley, Day Care Teacher 

*Deaconess. 



Pennsylvania — 

Methodist Deaconess Home and Centers, 114-16 
S. 38th St., Philadelphia 4, Pa. 

*Hazel M. Horner, Director 

*Mrs. Christopher G. Donahue, Program Su- 
pervisor 

Mt. Zion Community Center, 1530 N. 11th St. 
*Marie K. Clarke, Group Worker 
League Island Homes, 36th and Morris 
Shirley Mae Atkins, Group Worker 

Eastwick Community Center, 8438 Eastwirk 
Ave. 



Philadelphia General Hospital 

Mrs. Ella J. Steinheimer, Group Worker 
St. Luke's — Faith Parish 



Methodist Mission, 1220 N. 7th St., Harris- 
burg, Pa. 
*Helene Hill, Director 
Bessie Braxton, Kindergarten Teacher 
Mrs. Amelia Thompson, Kindergarten Teacher 

William Howard Day Project, 1300 Community 
Dr., Harrisburg, Pa. 
Rose King, Kindergarten Teacher 



267 Pocasset 



Rhode Island — 

Silver Lake Community Center, 

Ave., Providence 9, R. I. 

Dorothea C. Collins, Director 



Tennessee — 

Lucy Holt Mooee Center, 429 Humphreys St., 
Nashville 10, Tenn. 
Dorothy R. Chapman, Director 
Martha Coldwell, Kindergarten Teacher 
Betty Tribble, Group Worker 

Wesley House, 120 Wharf Ave., Nashville 10, 
Tenn. 
Dorothy R. Chapman, Director 
*Lee Ola Foust, Kindergarten Teacher 
*Lora Mort, Club Worker 

Washington — 

Japanese Methodist Mission, 507 S. Grant St., 
Spokane 10, Wash. 



Sabbatical Leave — 

*Betty Ruth Goode, Scarritt College, Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

*Ruth Mayhall, Florida State University, 
Tallahassee, Fla. 
Mrs. Marian B. Wooten, Scarritt College, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Retiring — 

*Caroline A. Porter 



Department of Work in Home Fields 

Every gardener knows that good fruit results from intelligent 
planning, careful preparation of the soil, wise choice of seed, proper 
cultivation of the growing plant, and never-ceasing war against de- 
structive forces. So is it in the fruit of the Spirit. 

The report of the stewardship of the Department of Work in Home 
Fields, under the guidance of the Lord of the Harvest, is humbly 
submitted. 

Mrs. J. N. Rodeheaver, Chairman 



Commission on Deaconess Work 

By Miss Mary Lou Barnwell, Executive Secretary 

SAID Dr. Nels F. S. Ferre at the Second Deaconess Convocation: "The vocation 
of a deaconess is special dedication to full-time Christian service. It is living 

out the mind of Christ. Christ becomes fully known to us, however, and fully 
effective for us only in the Atonement. To be a deaconess is to know the meaning of 
the Atonement, to accept its power for ourselves, and to participate in its life for 
others, to fulfil in short, the Atonement. The Atonement contains three basic 
meanings: moral example, spiritual empowerment, and vicarious sacrifice. These 
three aspects of the Atonement are the basis of the deaconess' vocation. 

"A deaconess to fulfil her task must incarnate the Master's life of love until the 
world sees in her Christ now, walking and working for the world's salvation. A 
deaconess can become such an example only by participating in the life of God. 
Even as Jesus could be and do what he was and did because the Father Himself did 
the work in him, the eternal Christ being so completely in the historic Jesus that 
the world can know in Christ-Jesus, the Son of God, even so we must let God so 
dwell in us until the world sees Christ in us and can call us Christ-Katharine, or the 
Christ-deaconess. Only complete surrender to God's presence and purpose in us, 
until we no longer live but Christ lives in us, can make the deaconess express the 
moral example and influence of the Atonement. 

"A deaconess, to fulfil her task, should also be a source of redemptive power. She 
can become and be so only by knowing and being open to the Source of saving 
power. The world sees ideas and ideals that would change lives and civiHzation 
but the world is powerless to effect them. The cleft between education and life 
enters at this point. Foundations give millions to learn more about motivation. 
Right motivation, however, has power because it rests in reality. God as holy, 
inclusive Love alone is Reality. Only as far as we know and are open to Him can 
we become generators or transformers for the world's needs. The Cross of Christ is 
the exemplified power of God's love which we must own and take up if we are to 
touch other lives with the power of the Atonement. Atonement is no pious mush, 
but the clear, genuine enactment of the Reality of Love to reconcile, forgive, and 
enable man to walk in the weary waj's of life with power. 

"A deaconess should also fulfil her task by voluntary and vicarious sacrifice. 
By entering into the needs and the sins of the world the deaconess takes on the 
world's burdens. The law of Christ constrains her heart, and her concern for needy 

71 



72 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

lives makes her identify herself with them in their needs, doing for them, praying 
for them what they themselves cannot do or pray, until they find the same source 
of power in Crucified Love. Christ gave his Hfe for us, let his blood be shed. We 
must be unafraid to give our lives for others no matter what they do to us, taking up 
our own cup of suffering and shame. When we thus fulfil in our lives the suffering 
of Christ for the sake of the Church we really also take up our crosses for him. 

"The vocation of a deaconess is not basically social service but spiritual dedi- 
cation, not basically sociological but theological. Its secret and standard is 'Christ 
in you the hope of glory.' " 

Fruits of Discipleship 

That the world may see Christ in us; that men may be enabled to walk in the 
weary ways of hfe with power; that they may find the source of power in crucified 
love — these are the fruits of discipleship toward which the deaconesses of The Meth- 
odist Church continually strive in their various vocations. 

A little child, in a home for children, learns a new interpretation of the Father- 
hood of God in the pattern of the family based on respect, love, sharing, faith. "The 
unholy five," a neighborhood gang, finally become responsible citizens and at least 
one of the young men enters training for the ministry, because the leaders at the 
settlement did not think the youth unworthy of their prayers and efforts. A family, 
long separated because of illness and economic hazards, is rehabilitated through the 
untiring, cooperative efforts of nurses, social workers, houseparents, and others. 
A displaced person from Europe is given sponsorship through a deaconess home and 
becomes a useful, well-adjusted citizen in a new land. While waiting for and influ- 
encing the public-school system to provide facihties for an "unaccepted" group, 
educational opportunities are made available and a community grows into a realiza- 
tion of its obligation to all its people. In rural and urban communities the program 
of the church is enriched as deaconesses go in with vision, enthusiasm, knowledge, 
and concern. 

These are fruits of discipleship. They result from moral example, spiritual 
empowerment, and vicarious sacrifice. They can be harvested only in the measure 
of the release of God's power through His witnesses. As Dr. Ferre said, "It matters 
not at all what happens to us, but it matters greatly what happens through us." 

The Increasing Need 

With the expansion of the church and its outreach, there is an increasing need 
for consecrated, well-trained leaders for full-time service. Many of these leaders 
should become deaconesses, for it is through that office that an official relationship 
to the church is established for the woman who is called to a vocation within the 
church. That office relates her to the church at large. It gives her a voice in the 
Annual Conference (but no vote). It brings her into a great fellowship of workers 
with similar interests and concerns. It affords a great degree of security and, at the 
same time, permits practical independence. 

At a recent meeting of representatives from various agencies of The Methodist 
Church concerned with recruitment, some of the needs were lifted up. The Woman's 
Division of Christian Service of the Board of Missions needs more than 300 replace- 
ments annually in its projects in the Home Field, employing 1,500 persons. The 
Board of Hospitals and Homes reports 27,000 full-time employees with 3,000 
replacements needed annually. The Methodist Student Movement has 459 local 
units with only 200 full-time, professional workers. Of these workers there are four 



Department of Work in Home Fields 73 

or five men to one woman. Approximately 000 cliurchcs have full-time directors 
of Christian Education. The Board of Education expects to need at least 600 addi- 
tional directors during the next quadrennium. 

Bishop Voigt suggested that an increasing number of deaconesses be trained 
to serve as assistant pastors, so that ministers now filling those positions may be 
released to take regular pastorates. 

Although others may be as well qualified to fill these positions as are the dea- 
conesses, most of the nondeaconess women workers expect to continue employment 
for a few years only. Therefore, the turnover in staff is very great and this lack 
of continuity jeopardizes the program. 

Standards 

It has been suggested that the standards might be lowered in order to ease the 
problem of recruitment. After careful consideration by the Commission, it was 
agreed that there should be no change in requirements. To serve the church effec- 
tively, one must be educated as well as consecrated. 

In speaking of a liberal arts education, Charles Malik, of Lebanon, said, "From 
its studies, the soul emerges with some unity of vision, some coherence of purpose, 
some freedom of spirit, some mastery over its own elementary powers, some joy in 
the knowledge of responsible theory, some humility before the mystery of being." 

Of a university course, John Henry Newman said: "If then a practical end must 
be assigned to a university course, it is that of training good members of society. 
Its art is the art of social life, and its end is fitness for the world. It is the education 
which gives a man a clear, conscious view of his own opinions and judgments, a truth 
in developing them, an eloquence in expressing them, and a force in urging them. 
It shows him how to accommodate himself to others, how to throw himself into their 
state of mind, how to bring before them his own, how to influence them, how to 
come to an understanding with them, how to bear with them. He is at home in any 
society; he has common ground with every class; he knows when to speak and 
when to be silent ; he is able to converse ; he is able to listen ; he can ask a question 
pertinently and gain a lesson seasonably when he has nothing to impart himself; 
he is ever ready yet never in the way; he is a pleasant companion, and a comrade 
you can depend upon ; he knows when to be serious and when to trifle, and he has a 
sure tact which enables him to trifle with gracefulness and to be serious with effect." 

For effective service, the deaconess needs "all this, and heaven, too." 

Statistics 

In The Methodist Church of more than nine million members there are fewer 
than 800 deaconesses, more than 300 of whom are retired. The following table 
indicates the age groupings of the active deaconesses: 

Years Number 

65 and over 43 

60-65 95 

50-59 131 

40-49 110 

30-39 79 

23-29 25 

From this chart, it is revealed that 43 are eligible for retirement now and 95 



74 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

more will reach retirement age within five years. More than half of them are over 
fifty years of age. Only 25 are under thirty. 

During the past three calendar years, 69 have retired from active service. 

Year Number 

1952 21 

1953 22 

1954 26 

This brings the total number of retired deaconesses to 312. Their age groupings 
follow, the average age being 73 plus. 

Years Number 

90 and over 8 

85-89 18 

80-84 48 

75-79 69 

70-74 91 

65-69 63 

Under 65 15 

Sixty of these are in retirement homes of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 
Losses by death and withdrawal far exceed the number of new deaconesses. 

Honorable 

Year Death Discharge Total 

1952 16 21 37 

1953 14 10 24 

1954 14 9 23 

44 40 84 

Of those who have died, only six were in active service, 38 were retired. Honor- 
able discharges were granted to 26 for marriage, 12 for employment outside The 
Methodist Church, and 2 for health reasons. 

Forty new deaconesses have been commissioned during the past three years, 
and there are twenty-three accepted candidates. While this may seem to be a dark 
picture, we are not discouraged, because there are evidences of revival of interest 
and the new candidates, though few in number, are of high quality. However, we 
need to utiUze all available resources to encourage able young women to serve the 
church as deaconesses. 

In the quadrennium eight home missionaries have transferred to deaconess 
relationship and two former deaconesses have been reinstated. The total number on 
the active roll is 483. With the 312 retired deaconesses, the total number is 795. 

Institutes for Conference Deaconess Boards 

To provide a better understanding of the organization, purpose, and respon- 
sibilities of Conference Deaconess Boards, a series of institutes has been set up. 
Usually, about six conferences are included in one institute, with three representa- 
tives from each conference — a deaconess, the president of the Conference Woman's 
Society of Christian Service, and a district superintendent. Bishops of the areas 
involved have cooperated, selecting the district superintendents, and attending, if 



Department of Work in Home Fields 75 

possible. There have been stimulating discussion and constructive phinning in these 
institutes. This plan of bringing together representatives from several conferences 
seems more beneficial than conducting institutes within a given conference for its 
membership only. There is value in exchange of ideas, sharing problems, and raising 
questions. It is expected that these institutes will lead to the organization of boards 
in Annual Conferences not yet organized and effective promotion in all boards. 
Plans for the institutes are made by the executive secretary in consultation with 
the bishops involved, and the expense is provided by the Woman's Division of 
Christian Service. 

Second Convocation 

Despite railroad and bus strikes, many meetings, and other handicaps, the 
Deaconess Convocation, held in Nashville, Tennessee, May 3-5, exceeded all expecta- 
tions. More than 300 enjoyed the hospitality of the Tennessee Conference Woman's 
Society of Christian Service, the Nashville district and, especially. West End Meth- 
odist Church. 

In contrast to the first Convocation, which centered around the deaconess, 
herself, the second one was ecumenical in every respect. Dr. Walter Van Kirk 
vividly pointed up the responsibility of the church in world affairs. Under the able 
leadership of Miss Rosa May Butler and Miss Ruth Harris, music of many nations 
had a prominent place in the program. Students from other countries widened and 
strengthened the fellowship. 

The love offering, amounting to $2,176.65, will be used for a young woman 
from Japan to study at Harris Memorial Training School in Manila. There is a 
possibility that this project may help lead to the establishment of a deaconess 
movement in the United Church of Christ in Japan. 

With Bishop Phillips leading the closing service of commitment, a human cross 
was formed as deaconesses came to the altar and into the aisle of the sanctuary, 
rededicating themselves to the Master's call. The deaconesses were bound together 
in a common cause, a common purpose, a common heritage. But they went away 
with a realization that "what you have inherited from your fathers, you must earn 
in order to possess." And they write of fresh incentives, broader outlook, renewed 
hopes as they resume their responsibilities, as they seek to earn their heritage. 

Conclusion 

This is the last annual report during the 1952-1956 quadrennium. The work 
of the Commission during these four j-ears has given strength to the deaconess 
movement, as it has set standards, formed poHcies, interpreted the ofhce, and pro- 
moted the program. The generous, able leadership of Bishop Phillips, as chairman, 
has brought the Commission into a place of dignity and respect in the mind of the 
church. The cooperation and interest of the members have produced a working 
organization through which a great impact should be made throughout Methodism. 
The fine spirit and conscious concern of the deaconesses, themselves, have been a 
bulwark of hope and confidence in the midst of increasing unmet needs. And the 
continuing support of the Woman's Division of Christian Service has given security 
in spirit as well as finances. To all who have contributed to the development and 
stability of the program, great appreciation is expressed. 

These, too, are fruits of discipleship and they must be earned to possess. That 
they may be earned, we make this our prayer: 

'"0 God, we go out today into a world where it is not easy always to 
remember thee. But so did Jesus. 



76 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



"We shall be tempted to believe in the power of evil as stronger than the 
power of good. But so was Jesus. 

"We shall walk in the midst of crowds to whom the reality of this world 
alone appears convincing. But so did Jesus. 

"We may be disappointed in some whom we had thought we could trust. 
But so was Jesus. 

"Help us to remember him. By his unshaken faith, make us keep faith. 
By his unswerving righteousness, help us to keep trying to do right. By his 
witness to the power of another world, keep us from worldly-mindedness, and set 
our affections on the highest things we know. By his patience with those who 
disappointed him, make us to be patient and forgiving, conscious of our own 
shortcomings, and most of all concerned that our Master need not be dis- 
appointed when he looks at us. Amen." 




SCHOOLS 

27 Day School Units in Puerto Rico, Vieqaes, 

and the Virgin Islands 
10 Elementary Schools 
9 High Schools 



COLLEGES 

3 Junior Colleges 
10 Senior Colleges 
3 Dormitories on Other Campuses 
7 Student Counselors on State College Cam- 
puses 



Department of Work in Home Fields 77 

Bureau of Educational Institutions 

By Miss Muriel Day, Executive Secretary 

ONE Sunday morning, our pastor called to our attention a word that was 
coming into usage, namely, "imagineering." That seems to be exactly what is 
needed in considering our Annual Report. We need to use the eyes of our 
imagination and also to engineer until we bring about the desired results. This idea 
was expressed in another way in an editorial in the American Magazine. The editor 
was writing of the fascination of hunting driftwood which could be used in making 
artistic and useful articles. "Call it imagination, or what you will, it is the gift of 
vision which has been the moving spirit of our nation from the beginning — which 
sees beauty in ugliness, progress in the scattered sticks of turmoil, and the pattern 
of peace and plenty in the dead stumps of war and hate. This is the sort of vision 
that even a blind man can see if he will." 

/. The Fruits of Discipleship 

Transformed Lives 

In considering five categories under which we may designate the fruits of 
discipleship, it will be apparent that there is overlapping, that most of the schools 
and colleges have emphasized more than one phase of their program. However, the 
transformation of lives to the Christian way of hfe with all that it implies is their 
ultimate objective. There are over 10,000 young people and children who are 
reached by the thirty-one centers of the Bureau of Educational Institutions. 

From Browning Home and Mather Academy in Camden, South Carolina, 
through the superintendent, Mr. Anton Deschner, comes an encouraging report of 
growing Christians. "We watched with pride during the religious emphasis week, 
as about twenty-five young people came forward to signify that Christ was to be 
the dominating force in their hves. No one knows what seeds were sown to bear fruit 
a hundredfold. There are a good many other forces that demonstrate the fruits 
of discipleship, and what a joy it is to be the teacher who is there to observe it, 
either in Sunday school or prayer meeting. One of the things that our young people 
do is to take the worship period on Sunday mornings by classes. That gives them a 
chance to grow and develop in leadership and enriches their own lives. Thus, school- 
work and all that goes with it in its program of development of mind, body, and 
spirit work toward bringing forth the fruits of discipleship." 

The superintendent of Harwood Girls' School Albuquerque, New Mexico, Miss 
Dorothy Marie Watson, gives the following illustration of a transformed life. 
"Through the years, the term 'a Harwood girl' has come to signify a young woman 
who exemplifies Christian ideals and conduct in her daily life. Those of us who live 
and work with the girls who come from all parts of New Mexico, Colorado, Cali- 
fornia, and other states, as well as Old Mexico, believe that our program of sharing 
in both work and recreation helps to develop the character traits we look for in 
Christian young people. One instance is typical of many. When a young girl from 
Mexico first entered the school she had a very unhappy outlook on life. She was 
not pleased with anything that had been done for her, nor did she take pleasure in 
doing anything for other people. Gradually, as she lived and worked with other 
Harwood girls and with the staff members, people began to appreciate her fine 
mind and seek her companionship. She began to feel the approval of others and 
became more and more interested in trying to help the girls with whom she lived 



78 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

and worked each day. At the conckision of her hfe at Harwood, she had changed 
from a sulky, unhappy girl to a charming, thoughtful individual who found great 
happiness in helping others. She had learned that the value and dignity of any 
task is determined by the spirit in which it is performed." 

The new superintendent at Vashti School, Thomasville, Georgia, the Reverend 
Woodward Adams, writes that the fruits of discipleship are in evidence on their 
beautiful campus. He says, "Sometimes I hear a minister pray for the 'under- 
privileged girls at Vashti' and I know what he means, but in a very real sense it 
isn't the whole truth. It is but a part of God's amazing paradox that she has been 
'underprivileged' into the finest opportunities a girl can have in life. The valedic- 
torian of the senior class has gone out to prepare herself to become a director of 
Christian education. The salutatorian plans to enter the university to prepare to 
teach. Another senior, who reigned as the Queen of the 1955 Rose Festival in 
Thomasville, has been given a scholarship in voice. Our girls have gone out to small 
churches in rural sections, carrying their musical and dramatic interpretation of the 
gospel of Christ. A beautiful Cuban girl won high honors in the eighth-grade gradu- 
ation. A convert two years ago during a mission outside Havana, she brought to us 
a fresh interpretation of what Christ can do." 

Mrs. Edith Carter, superintendent of Boylan-Haven School, Jacksonville, 
Florida, carries the theme in this analogy: "As I looked at the twenty lovely gradu- 
ates of this year, my mind went back seven years when some of them came to us 
with not even much of the blossoms sho\ving, to say nothing of the fruit. If one 
takes the shortsighted view of one's task — the plowing, the harrowing amid the 
rapid growth of weeds, the setback caused by drought, or harmful erosion — the 
harvest of fruits seems at times to be impossible of accomplishment. It takes long- 
time vision, as seed-sowing needs to be accompanied by tremendous faith in the 
eternal verities, an abiding faith in God's promise that 'While the earth remaineth, 
seedtime and harvest . . . shall not cease.' And so as we looked at these lovely 
graduates and saw one who came to us a timid, little seedhng, and who now goes 
out from us determined to live for Christ in full-time Christian service; another 
who has had to learn to read since she came to us, but in spite of this was graduated 
as valedictorian; another who came a self-centered, pouting child and who is now 
an outgoing, socially concerned young woman; another who earned the award for 
the greatest growth in Christian living, and many others whom we cannot mention 
— our hearts are made glad within us that the rewards of our labors have been so 
great. . . . Our school received honorable mention for having given the greatest 
number of free work hours to the tuberculosis association Christmas Seal Drive. 
The Junior and Senior Glee Clubs both won highest rating at the Florida State-wide 
musical festival, and the newly-formed orchestra has played for several festive 
occasions and church events." 

Social and Ecumenical Consciousness 

It is always a source of satisfaction when students reach out in unselfish service 
for others. No group of leaders is more alert in stimulating such service than student 
counselors on the campuses of state colleges and universities. A full program is 
carried on by Mr. Robert Parrott, the counselor at Southwestern Louisiana Institute, 
Lafayette, Louisiana, who reports in part as follows: "One of the most rewarding 
and creative phases of student life was the participation of Negro students in the 
total program, and the increased social consciousness which their presence produced. 
Also experimental this year was a Music-and-Worship Seminar, emphasizing the 



Department of Work in Home Fields 79 

relationship between worship and sacred music and its imphcation for laymen; a 
Wesley Foundation Choir for the second year; deputation work to area churches; 
Christmas activities for the children of the Mallalieu A. M. E. Church and for the 
aged at the La Maison de Repose rest home; and full participation in the Regional 
Conference (Lake Junaluska, North Carolina), as well as the Louisiana State MSM 
Retreat and Conference numbering fifty-six students. Again this year, the primary 
emphasis has been upon the reality of worship, upon the encounter of students with 
God in Christ — a worship which endeavors to produce faith and repentance in every 
area of the campus scene." 

Ann Adams, student counselor at Northwestern State College, Natchitoches, 
Louisiana, writes: "The Campus Christian Movement at Northwestern exists for 
one ultimate and supreme purpose and one only. That is to exalt the Christ. . . ." 
In fulfillment of the above high purpose, she enumerates the high lights of the 
undergraduate program. They have sent out six deputations to several churches 
(the largest of these led a Christmas-lighting service) ; superintended two hundred 
students at the Louisiana MSM Conference; sponsored a program of missions when 
Patsy Alexander (formerly of Vashti School and now a missionary in Uruguay) 
was a guest; and held a retreat at Camp Brewer for twenty-six students. 

Miss Mamiej Chandler, counselor at the Methodist Student Center in Green- 
ville, North Carolina, gives us a glimpse of the many activities carried on for more 
than six hundred Methodist students on the campus of East Carolina College. "Some 
of the students go on an adventure of sharing with the family of another race. Culti- 
vating friendship with a Negro girl, welcoming her into the fellowship of the social 
hour and supper on Sunday night, and asking her to share with the vesper group 
her hopes and desires to enter full-time Christian service — these are examples of 
the outreach of student Hfe." 

The students at the Methodist Center at Florida State University, Tallahassee, 
Florida, expressed their interest in others by a sacrificial supper, the proceeds of 
which went to the Methodist Committee for Overseas Relief and again a pledge to 
the Methodist Student Fellowship Fund. Mr. and Mrs. Austin Hollady, the directors, 
tells us "that the most cherished fruit of discipleship this year was the life of a 
Japanese student named Hanz, who was deliberately sought out and befriended. 
He came into our midst that first day more familiar with the Buddhist faith than 
any other, though an actual follower of none. Nine months of Christian love and 
friendship by our students and then came the thrill of a question in Japanese dialect : 
'May I, too, be a Christian?' " 

^liss Pearlye Maye Kelley, student counselor at Louisiana Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, Ruston, Louisiana, gives glowing accounts of the many wonderful gifts they have 
received for the center from friends. "It gladdens our hearts and humbles our spirit." 

The students in beautiful Kirby Hall, Austin, Texas, assisted in work camps, 
and helped with an art and recreational program at the Negro orphanage. The com- 
petent superintendent, Mrs. Irene T. Powers, developed a social program with 
Friday night open house and other parties which led to increased fellowship. 

Bennett College, Greensboro, North Carolina, again exemplified its ecumenical 
emphasis in its graduating class. Of the one hundred graduates, seventeen states 
were represented as well as the District of Columbia, the Bahamas, the British West 
Indies, and Puerto Rico. As a service to the immediate community, Bennett again 
held its Homemaking Institute. The Institute's broad theme was "Education for 
Social Change as it affects family relations, the family's economy, and the family 
of the community." In tribute to President David D. Jones, the public school which 
bears his name was dedicated. Leading educators expressed much appreciation to 



80 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

President Jones for his outstanding work at Bennett College and for his large con- 
tribution to American life. 

At Paine College, Augusta, Georgia, the students have again carried a "special" 
up to $150 for scholarship aid in Southern Ehodesia. Interest in Africa was intensi- 
fied by the presence in the student body of the Reverend Peter Shaumba of the 
Belgian Congo and Jeanette Ponder from Liberia. 

Enlarged Educational Programs 

It is important that our institutions constantly evaluate their programs so that 
they may keep abreast of the times. They must also use "imagineering." 

An authenticated story comes from Oregon and Ohio. Many years ago an alert 
young scientist went west with his bride to teach in a small church-related college. 
He wanted a modern research laboratory. A bishop of the church, in a tour of 
inspection, visited the college and questioned the young scientist. The bishop was 
not impressed by the arguments for a laboratory. He asked what good it would do. 
"We might discover something new," the young man rephed, "perhaps even some 
great invention." "Nonsense!" said the bishop. "Preposterous! What things remain 
to be invented? Can you name one?" Timidly the young scientist rephed: "I think 
that man may sometime learn to fly^ to fly fa?ter even than the birds." "Flying, young 
man," thundered the bishop, "is reserved for the angels." The bishop was the father 
of Wilbur and Orville Wright! (Television gives another version of the bishop's 
comments.) 

Under the leadership of the new president. Dr. C. Ralph Arthur, Ferrum Junior 
College, Ferrum, Virginia, has been strengthened in faculty and staff. A new em- 
phasis has been made in rural work through the appointment of the Reverend Gene 
Holdredge, outstanding Tennessee rural minister for 1953. Through his organization 
of the Department of Town and Country Studies, a forward step was taken which 
should appeal to rural youth and encourage more to attend college to prepare for life 
and vocations in rural communities. 

The president at Sue Bennett College, London, Kentucky, Miss Oscie Sanders, 
has seen the third of the large buildings completely renovated, namely, the boys' 
dormitory. She commends the two new U.S.-2's, Miss Anna Marie Breyfogle, and 
Miss Elizabeth Ann Pruitt, for their enthusiastic approach to their work in the 
demonstration school and in the community. Another outstanding phase of the 
college was the art exhibit which was greatly admired by the people in the com- 
munity. The recital of piano pupils and the operetta both were highly appreciated. 

In the newly-merged Huston-Tillotson College, Austin, Texas, Eliza Dee Hall 
has been a residence for the senior women of the college. The superintendent, Miss 
Carmen Lowry, agrees that the fruits of discipleship are the two thousand young 
women who through the years have gone from the institution to bless their homes and 
communities. 

From Allen High School, Asheville, North Carolina, comes this word from the 
principal. Miss Julia Titus. "We hope for a more integrated school in the future, 
but we have been happy in the addition of our one white student as she has made a 
place for herself in the eighth grade and has been one of the eighty-two boarding 
girls living on the campus. We must mention one of the finest fruits of discipleship, 
the dedicated life of Miss Maude Worrall who retired as science and art teacher 
after twenty-five years of service under The Methodist Church. She truly worked 
with no thought of reward and gave herself unsparingly." 

The work in Puerto Rico continues to expand. Miss Ruth Ferguson, the 



Department o£ Work in Home Fields 81 

deaconess, has worked closely with the members of the Woman's Society and of the 
Guild on the Island. She has supervised five girls, enrolled in the university scholar- 
ship plan, who trained in religious education at George 0. Robinson School and 
who practice in the church schools. The day school at St. Croix has been so popular 
that three units are planned. 

A new project was added to the list of institutions in the bureau. In April, 
1955, the Woman's Division voted to allow the Detroit Conference Woman's Society 
to send its contribution to the Protestant Foundation for International Students at 
the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, through the Woman's Division 
as a conference project. Miss Doris Reed and Miss Mildred Drescher, who had 
been the directors, summarize last year's program as follows: "It is our privilege 
to report to you on this unique church-sponsored counseling program with inter- 
national students. Church people throughout the United States have recognized their 
responsibility for the increasing number of overseas students. In Ann Arbor, with 
the largest concentration of international students for any community of its size in 
the nation (1,089 from 70 countries enrolled for 1954-55) and with the State of 
Michigan fourth in overseas student enrollment (2,302 for 1954-55), the challenge 
of the Foundation's program to churches and councils throughout the state to share 
with the student friend from far away is tremendous. The Protestant Foundation 
for International Students, incorporated in 1953, secures financial backing, deter- 
mines program poHcy, and supports the counselor in her liaison efforts: (1) to help 
students of Protestant affiliation find their church and participate in its program, 
and non-Christians to know the church at work; (2) to counsel the Wesley Founda- 
tion and similar groups in their international student emphases; (3) to plan with 
church groups; and (4) to be a helpful friend at all times to students of all faiths 
and cultures." 

The president of Rv^t College, Holly Springs, Mississippi, Dr. L. M. McCoy, 
makes a comparison between the college in 1924-25 with the program of today. "At 
the opening of the Fall Quarter of the school year 1924-25, the enrollment reached 
around 450 students. The institution had a faculty for all departments of some 
18 teachers. The budget of the college was around $42,000 for all purposes; the 
institution graduated a class of seven from the college department in 1925. At this 
commencement the faculty is recommending 89 candidates for graduation from the 
college — with a possibility of 50 others graduating at the close of the summer 
session in August, 1955. For the year 1954-55, the budget is $236,000 or a httle 
more than five times that of the year 1924-25. In its in-service program the college 
administers to between 1,600 and 1,700 in-service teachers annually." 

Expanding Facilities 

The president of Tennessee Wesleyan College, Athens, Tennessee, Dr. LeRoy 
Martin, has the supervision of Elizabeth Ritter Hall in consultation with the execu- 
tive secretary. The college became a four-year institution in the fall of 1954. To 
meet the larger enrollment (an increase of 42 per cent), the dining hall and cafeteria 
were expanded in Ritter Hall. The addition was dedicated on May 12, 1955, in honor 
of Mrs. H. C. Black of Johnson City, Tennessee, for many years a trustee of the 
college and a well-known leader in the work of the Woman's Home Missionary 
Society and of the Woman's Society of Christian Service of the Holston Conference. 

Pfeifjer Junior College at Misenheimer, North Carolina, has also become a 
four-year college, by action of its Board of Trustees. This involved an expansion of 
the physical plant. The major buildings erected were a twelve-unit faculty apart- 



82 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

ment and three new family homes. Authorization was also given for the erection 
of two dormitories for men, and the conversion of the Industrial Arts Building into 
the Merner Library with an addition to house fifty thousand volumes. Pfeitfer had 
the largest percentage increase in enrollment in the entire Methodist Church with 
a student body of four hundred ten. The Religious Education Department con- 
tinues to be an outstanding feature of the program, strengthened by an addition 
to the faculty and by the continued cooperation of the staff and student body. 

Wood Junior College, Mathiston, Mississippi, is continuing to add to its physical 
properties. The Cathedral of the Pines has made a fine place for itself. The com- 
pletion of the Wood Memorial is now under way, and will be a beautiful building, 
adding much to the usefulness and attractiveness of the campus. The grant of 
$2,000 has been voted to be spent on making apartments of the Pinnix House. The 
college has very recently been promised a set of real chimes for a memorial. 

The superintendent of Erie School, Olive Hill, Kentucky, the Reverend Eugene 
K. Meyers, has stressed an increase in the enrollment of boys. With this purpose in 
mind, provision has been made for additional facilities. The new boys' cottage, 
LeMaster Hall, has been named after a former student, the Reverend Edwin 
LeMaster, who is serving as a missionary in Africa. 

The Navajo Methodist Mission School, in Farmington, New Mexico, has also 
expanded in providing housing for forty high-school boys. The dormitory was named 
in honor of Mr. C. C. Brooks, who for fourteen years was superintendent. It is 
under the supervision of a Navajo couple, graduates of the school, Mr. and Mrs. 
Wilfred Billey. Mr. Brooks, the son of the former superintendent, is now director 
of Religious Activities of the school. Sixty boarding pupils were enrolled at Bisti, 
the outpost thirty-five miles from Farmington, and a new two-room schoolhouse 
was completed thus relieving the congested condition of having to eat, play, 
worship, and conduct school all in the same room. The Navajo Shepherd School was 
continued during the summer of 1954 and enrolled seventy-two children. 

Improvements at Sager-Brown Home and Godvian School, Baldwin, Louisiana, 
have made it possible to continue its licensing by the Louisiana State Department 
of Public Welfare. The superintendent, Miss Rosie Ann Cobb, writes, "There was 
never a dull moment at Sager-Brown Home and Godman School, with 150 children 
enrolled including 50 in the dormitories. Ninety per cent were from broken homes 
and the ages ranged from five to eighteen years." 

One of the greatest challenges to discipleship in full measure comes from the 
need at Holding Institute, Laredo, Texas. The new superintendent, Mr. Victor 
Cruz-Aedo, accepted this challenge and speaks feelingly of the needs there. "The 
ravaging water which engulfed Holding Institute during the last days of June, 1954, 
completely destroyed an institution with a glorious tradition of service to the 
people of the United States, Mexico, Cuba, Central and South America." It was 
imperative that Holding should not be even temporarily discontinued, so it was 
decided to maintain the classes in the teaching of English to Mexicans. It is with 
gratitude that we record the helping hand of Laredo Junior College, which offered 
to let Holding carry on these classes on its campus. At the same time, one of the 
two residences on the new site for Holding has been used for the superintendent 
and his family, and the other for boys from Mexico, under the supervision of Dea- 
coness Ura Leveridge. Mr. Cruz-Aedo writes further, "Our school year was suc- 
cessful. We have letters from parents stating their satisfaction and surprise that 
their children speak and write English as they do. For the first time we offered 
summer school work, but not having a physical plant, the boys helped to erect a 
flat-roof shade, open on three sides. Here thirty-two students enrolled for eight 



Department of Work in Home Fields 83 

weeks. The students used motor scooters, bicycles, late-model cars, or thumbed the 
four miles from the heart of the city to our new location. Our station wagon met 
others at the end of the bus hne." We pay tribute to Mr. Anton Deschner, former 
superintendent who carried on through three floods on the old campus and who 
now serves at Browning Home and Mather Academy, and also to the corps of 
workers who made the transition to the new site and a new Holding. 

Trained Personnel 

There are two colleges in the bureau with the special purpose of training for 
full-time Christian service. They are National College jar Christians Workers at 
Kansas City, Missouri, and Scarritt College, Nashville, Tennessee. 

Under the leadership of President Lewis B. Carpenter, National College has 
continued to expand its facilities. He writes, "In October, the very lovely C. Louise 
Zartman faculty apartment house was dedicated. This changed the pattern of 
faculty living and greatly added to the beauty of the campus. The second floor 
of Schoelkopf Hall was completely remodeled and equipped. Fisk Hall thus became 
the residence for young men in the new co-educational program." 

The president of Scarritt College, Dr. Hugh Stuntz, writes: "We were highly 
pleased that thirty-eight of the sixty-four young people commissioned by the Board 
of Missions were either students at Scarritt or had been students at Scarritt or had 
been studying at Scarritt. We are also interested in the fact that fifty-three percent 
of all commissioned workers under the Woman's Division are Scarritt graduates or 
former students. We are proud to present them as fruits of discipleship in their 
commitment to the cause of Christ. Some two thousand graduates and former stu- 
dents working full-time or part-time in careers of Christian service in the United 
States constitute our largest group who are 'Fruits of Discipleship.' " 

IL Organizational Relationships 

Continued cooperation with the General Board of Education of the church has 
been furthered through the meetings of the Committee on Cooperation and Counsel, 
a committee authorized by the Discipline. An invitation to sit with the University 
Senate of the church has brought further understanding of the programs and prob- 
lems of the Methodist colleges. 

The leader of the discussion at the Workers' Conference of the bureau in 
October, 1954, was Dr. Myron C. Wicke, of the Board of Education. The confer- 
ence was held on the campus of National College and was considered by all in 
attendance as most profitable in the development of the theme "Religious Values on 
the Campus." 

Membership on the Boards of Trustees of eight colleges makes a crowded 
schedule and also makes it difficult to attend each one annually. However, the 
careful reading of minutes and other documents keeps us in close touch with 
academic developments. 

Changes in program in the work in Santo Domingo have been followed closely 
through membership on the Board for Christian Work in Santo Domingo, and its 
administrative committee. A new field secretary. Dr. Maurice C. Daily, has been 
appointed. He is making a thorough study of the future program for hospital and 
educational work. This is a time of transition in evangelical work in Santo Domingo. 
Three other committees pertaining to Spanish-speaking work claim our attention. 
They are the Committee on West Indies, the Council of Spanish-speaking Work, 
and the Committee on Cooperation in Latin America. To coordinate these activities 



84 



Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 



and be cognizant of the work of other boards, are two functions of these committees. 

Personnel needs continue to be urgent not only for a larger number of com- 
missioned but also for employed workers. Music teachers, commercial teachers, and 
dietitians are among those who have been most difficult to secure. 

We are grateful that Crusade Scholars have been granted scholarships in the 
Home Field through funds from the Week of Dedication of the church. 

Present prospects indicate that during the next five years college and university 
enrollment will increase by about one fifth or to over 3,000,000 by 1960. Such an 
increase in population can be a tremendous asset to the nation. It is still a truth 
even though it is worn a bit thin by frequent repetition at commencement exer- 
cises, that a nation has no resource more valuable than the education of its people. 
And the better the education, the more valuable the asset. 

As Dr. Albert Schweitzer says in his Memoirs of Childhood and Youth: 

"As one who tries to remain youthful in his thinking and feeling, I have strug- 
gled against facts and experience on behalf of belief in the good and the true. At 
the present time, when violence, clothed in life, dominates the world more cruelly 
than it ever has before, I still remain convinced that truth, love, peaceableness, 
meekness, and kindness are the violence which can master all other violence. The 
world will be theirs as soon as ever a sufficient number of men with purity of 
heart, with strength, and with perseverance think and live out the thoughts of love 
and truth, of meekness and peaceableness." 




CHILDREN'S HOMES 

14 Homes for Children in Alaska, Hawaii, and 
on the Mainland 



RESIDENCES 

30 Residence Halls for Girls and Women 
3 Homes for Retired Workers 

2 Homes for Older People 

3 Vacation Homes for Workers 



Department of Work in Home Fields 85 

Bureau of Social Welfare and Medical Work 

By Miss Emma Burris, Executive Secretary 

THIS report brings a brief glimpse of some of the fruits of discipleship of Meth- 
odist women. Followers of the Christ recognize the dignity and worth of every 

individual and their responsibility of helping to make possible the opportunities 
for individuals that they may fulfill their God-given potentialities. 

Through agencies of the Woman's Division, supported by the giving of 
Woman's Society members, numerous individuals are finding a new and better way 
of life. The effect of these Christian influences can never be measured. The fruits 
of discipleship are varied and vast. Recently a man came to visit the Mothers' 
Jewels Home in York, Nebraska, where he had lived as a child. He expressed 
his appreciation for what the staff had done for him in his youth. Even during 
his periods of antisocial and belligerent behavior their love and concern had been 
constant. He owed much to the home and wished to make a financial gift so that 
others like himself might have a better life. 

In the Fifteenth Annual Report we stated that we have 14 children's homes, 
31 residence halls, 3 deaconess homes, 3 retired workers' homes, 3 summer vacation 
homes, 2 older people's homes, 2 immigration stations, 8 social work projects, 4 com- 
munity centers, and 10 hospitals assigned to the Bureau of Social Welfare and 
Medical Work — a total of 80 projects. During this year the two immigration sta- 
tions in which deaconesses were serving were closed because of drastic changes in 
the government immigration program. One residence hall for young businesswomen, 
Esther Hall, San Diego, was closed because of sociological changes in that city. One 
new project was opened — a social worker for Windham, Ohio. Studies are under 
way in preparation for the opening of new projects. 

Homes for Children 

It is difficult to believe that approximately 279,000 children in the United States 
are living outside their own homes. Less than 3 per cent of this number represent 
orphans. The greatest number of children require care because of family disturb- 
ances, marital unhappiness, and faulty parent-child relationships. Often children 
suffering from inadequate family life become antisocial and show signs of delinquent 
behavior. 

Dr. Martha M. Eliot, chief of the Children's Bureau, says "The need to go 
forward, rapidly and effectively, in improving the care and treatment of children in 
the earliest stages of their delinquency is apparent when we realize that even now, 
about one million children a year are coming to the attention of the pohce because 
of dehnquent behavior. Census figures show that by 1960 there will be 45 per cent 
more children between ten and seventeen than there were in 1950." 

Mrs. Merle Enghsh of Cunningham Children's Home in Urbana, Illinois, 
points out that "The women of Methodism have always been pioneers. We, too, 
must face the future unafraid. We must accept the idea that if we are to meet the 
needs of our day we must plan to meet the needs of disturbed children. This means 
that we must increase our case work services and improve our placement program. 



86 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

We must continue to work with families and help restore them to good living 
standards — financial status is only a part of such a program." 

A building program designed to provide adequate cottages and recreational 
facilities is now under way at Cunningham Children's Home. 

Many of our children's homes are already beginning to adjust to the care of 
teen-age children as the trend is increasingly toward the need of this group. Pre- 
school children should not be a part of group living. Research has proved that great 
damage is done to infants who receive care too long in institutions. 

David and Margaret Home, La Verne, California — Mrs. Cleta Terrill reports: 
"As we look at the roll — a total of 130 — of the children served this year, the face of 
each child stands out clearly silhouetted against a background of family problems. 
We recall the deep concern of the case worker, housemother, and other staff members 
to help him understand himself and his needs and to find the joy of life that all 
children should know. We recall moments of discouragement over behavior problems 
and moments of high hope when responses were thoughtful and good. Our case 
records indicate that older children have come to us with more emotional instability 
and damage. They have suffered more from family hostility and often many moves 
from one foster home to another before coming to David and Margaret Home. 
These children have needed more individual attention, which has been possible 
with our smaller enrollment and more selective policy of admissions. We have been 
able to accept every child whom we felt could be helped by placement in our home. 
The larger percentage of older children has created a need for a better program of 
group activities. 

"We were most happy over a letter received from the Guidance Staff of the 
high school pointing up the splendid work of three of our boys. The letter com- 
mends their development of sound character, their growth in good citizenship, and 
their progress in educational achievement, and states that the school feels their 
progress has been determined to a very large extent by the fine home environment 
provided and by the guidance given by our staff. Almost all of our children have 
come from homes with Protestant backgrounds, but rarely do we have children from 
homes where parents are active church members. Some have come from definitely 
irreligious homes. Through participation in our Sundaj' evening vesper service all of 
the children have learned to enjoy the great hymns of the Church and many have 
memorized them. A number of children attended preparatory classes during Lent 
and five became members of the La Verne Methodist Church. These new members 
are conscientious about their responsibihties. Five are regular choir members. Life 
has been made richer and happier for all who live at David and Margaret Home 
because of the thoughtfulness and generosity of many friends." 

Epworth School, Webster Groves, Missouri — Miss Elva Lee Perry reports that 
one significant change has been the employment of married couples to act as house- 
parents, thus giving the girls a more normal cottage life. 

Services of a psychiatrist have been procured for one and one-half hours each 
week. Miss Perry states that these services are expensive but have been a necessary 
and beneficial part of the program of this unique home for children. 

Ethel Harpst Home, Cedartown, Georgia — Rev. Keith L. Loveless reports: 
"From May 1, 1954, to May 1, 1955, we were able to be of service to 153 children. 
On May 1, 1955, ninety-nine of these children were still in the home. Of these 
ninety-nine, thirty-one have been here less than two years. Only eleven have been 
here more than ten years. These figures show that more and more our children are 
staying for shorter periods. During the year fifty-four children have been dismissed. 



Department of Work in Home Fields 87 

Forty-five returned to rehabilitated homes of parents or to homes of close relatives, 
two have reached the age of registration for Selective Service and have joined the 
Armed Forces, six have gone into adoptive homes, and one married. 

"One of our achievements of which I think we are justly proud is the increase 
in scholarship in the public schools. Out of seventy-five children who attend public 
school, twenty-one had an 'A' average in all of their academic subjects. 

"A most satisfying experience continues in the religious hfe of our children 
through their attendance at church school and worship at the First Methodist 
Church." 

Frances DePauxo Home, Hollywood, California — Miss Reva McNabb gives 
interesting views of the work. "Frances DePauw is a Christian home for girls of 
Latin American background who wish to attend school. These girls are of junior 
and senior high school and junior college ages. This year the seventy-five girls came 
to us from Mexico, El Salvador, and Guatemala, the Los Angeles area and other 
California towns. 

"The Music Department presented twenty-three girls in a piano recital this 
spring. The girls who liked to sing were divided into two choirs — one sang at the 
monthly chapel services here, and the other at the Plaza Mexican Methodist 
Church. At Christmas time, our girls joined the boys of the Spanish American 
Institute in presenting a pageant in the latter's chapel. This beautiful service pro- 
vided an inspirational worship time for all who attended. 

"One of the college girls made a snapshot book of her first year at Frances 
DePauw and dedicated it to her parents with these words: 'There is no way possible 
for me to thank you for sending me to Frances DePauw. I want you to know that 
I have enjoyed my stay here very much. I have learned many things, not only from 
books but things about life that will help me in later life. I feel that in some way 
I have come closer to you.' " 

Spofjord Home, Kansas City, Missouri, is a residential treatment center for 
emotionally disturbed children. The capacity is sixteen. During the year thirty-one 
children have received care. In addition to those in residence, a limited number of 
children from the community attend the school program and have care and treat- 
ment during the day. Mrs. Hester Sheneman, the director, gives a brief description 
of one child: "Dicky went home last month. We were sorry to see him leave, of 
course, but happy for him and for his parents that their home could once more be 
a place of satisfaction, where understanding and love are both given and received. 
Dicky no longer cries and has fits of anger when things do not go just his way, 
and mother also is more calm when dealing with Dicky and his younger brother. 
She helps them face their problems fairly and squarely." Both child and parents 
have been helped. 

Jesse Lee Home, Seward, Alaska. The children of this home are encouraged in 
all types of creative activities. They write interesting items for their monthly 
mimeographed publication Ku-Eu-It (Northern Lights). Ruby Correa, aged 
twelve, wrote: 

"Alaska, the land of snow and gold — 
The land to us the Russians sold — 
The land of the man called the sourdough, 
The land of the Indian and Eskimo. 
But it really isn't as cold as it seems, 
It's lovely Alaska, Land of my Dreams." 



88 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

During the summer of 1954, seven of the children of the home and the two 
children of the superintendent had polio. Only two had to be fitted with braces. 
The doctors and nurses of the Seward Sanatorium and Seward General Hospital 
were of great assistance to the home and community in the care and treatment of 
this first polio epidemic in the area. 

Mr. Dorm Lee, the superintendent, writes: "Though maintenance is a necessity 
and has a great deal to do with our children's physical health, their spiritual and 
emotional development is even more important. Progress in this field is much more 
difficult to evaluate, however, and depends on the day by day example and inspira- 
tion of staff members, of teachers in school and Sunday school, the minister, and 
others. Vacation church school at Seward Memorial Church provided a fine influ- 
ence. Some of the older girls are getting a great deal out of 4-H club work. The 
Boy Scout program has been particularly active this past year. We feel it is proving 
very important in developing skills and self rehance in our boys. The children who 
had an opportunity to attend the Hope Church Camp are enthusiastic and eager 
for more. Many had a wonderful Christmas in Anchorage homes. Some of our boys 
and girls are showing leadership ability. All at Jesse Lee were very proud when one 
of our boys was chosen honorary mayor of Seward for the day when Seward High 
students took over the city government. Several of the older children are having 
the experience of working at jobs away from the home for the summer. This helps 
pave the way for their eventual adjustment to life on their own. Learning to spend 
wisely and to save some of the money they earn are important lessons for all 
children." 

Peek Home, Polo, Illinois — Mr. Elwin P. Matthews reports: "Peek Home for 
Children offers institutional care to sixteen boys and ten girls. Being in a rural 
community and located on a farm. Future Farmers of America, Future Home- 
makers of America, 4-H, and Scout activities are some of the chief interests of the 
children. Our efforts were rewarded at the Scout banquet when one of the boys 
was named the Best Citizen in the explorer post. We are always happy to have 
families reunited and had an extra measure of joy when a teen-age girl was leaving 
and remarked to her housemother, 'I don't want to leave Peek, but I want to be with 
my family.' " 

The board and staff of Susannah Wesley Home, Honolulu, Hawaii, have con- 
ducted a self-study of its program in the light of changing needs in the field of 
child care during the year. A committee in the Council of Social Agencies of Hono- 
lulu made a study of the three child-care agencies in the city. These studies have 
pointed out that a more specialized program is needed — that of helping teen-age 
girls work out their individual problems in a group setting. 

At the close of the year Miss Frances Taylor retired after almost eighteen years 
of devoted service in directing the work of the home. The far-reaching influence of 
her service can never be measured. Rev. Eugene L. McClure, a well-qualified 
executive, has become the director. Girls of various ethnic backgrounds find love and 
guidance in this home. 

Mrs. Cora McCann of Swart zell Home in Washington, D. C, speaks with pride 
of the girls who have graduated from high school and have left the home, having 
enough maturity to secure a job while continuing their education. They are active 
in the work of the church. 



Department of Work in Home Fields 89 

Residence Halls for Young Business Women 

There is joy in Christian service. Miss Hazel Lovell of Alma Mathews House, 
New York City, expresses this in her report: "The director has suddenly become 
aware of a feeling of deep gratitude for being permitted to serve for three years 
in the home. Added to the daily pleasure of living with the girls and of meeting and 
knowing the women of many groups and of staff, has come the satisfaction of seeing 
girls she has known and loved go out and make good in apartments of their own 
and in their marriages or chosen careers. To those who have made it possible, it is 
rewarding to know that the girls remember the house with love and gratitude. 

"The girls have entertained many friends and those interested in active 
Christian service have invited many foreign individuals or groups for meals and 
fellowship. Three of the girls are active at The Church of All Nations, and one 
goes weekly to entertain sick children at Bellevue Hospital. These girls carry 
full time jobs and go to college at night. The house continues to be inter-racial and 
non-sectarian and to maintain a decidedly Christian atmosphere." 

The purpose of the residence hall is to help young women — many of them 
coming to the city for the first time — to grow socially, spiritually, and emotionally 
and to be able to gain enough maturity to establish homes of their own. 

Of the thirty residence halls related to the Woman's Division, ten are known 
as Esther Hall. A typical statement comes from a girl from Chicago: "Esther Hall 
is more like a home to me than any other place. We would hke to have our wed- 
ding here." Many young women have found in the residence hall helpful counsel 
during their courtship. Counseling is an important part of the work of a residence 
hall director. 

Miss Cecile H. Davis of Wilson Inn, Richmond, Virginia, says "Wilson Inn 
points with pride to hundreds of fine young women who after leaving the Inn have 
become leaders in civic and social affairs and religious activities in their own com- 
munities, to mothers of fine families, and to many who have made a successful 
career in a chosen field. Since many of these girls come to us directly from high 
school, we feel that the influence of this home has had a direct bearing on their lives. 
Our greatest contribution hes in providing a pleasant and happy home life, an 
interest in the girls' activities, a willingness to help them in any way we are needed, 
and the protection and security this home offers to those girls from rural com- 
munities and small towns." 

Miss Thelma Warley of Friendship Home, Cincinnati, Ohio, says: "We are 
happy to report that Friendship Home is successfully fulfilling the aim for which it 
was organized — providing desirable living quarters to employed young women at 
a minimum cost, and providing religious guidance." 

Mrs. Corah Jordan of Friendship Home, Los Angeles, California, reports that 
a member of Friendship Home who passed the state bar examination and was sworn 
in as City Attorney assistant said, "Much of my encouragement has come from my 
Friendship Home family." 

Gum Moon Residence Hall girls continue to make a special thank offering each 
year, the proceeds this year being given to Church World Service. Mrs. William 
Stone says that "a fine family spirit prevails among the girls, and there is a deeper 
interest in spiritual things as evidenced in the prayer group that started meeting 
in the chapel once a week in the fall of 1954. We know that some are finding it 
helpful in keeping a daily quiet time." 



90 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Community Centers 

Mr. Warner Silver, director of Friendly Center, Toledo, gives an encouraging 
report of the work. "During the past year there has been a marked increase in the 
gross attendance at the center. The most heartening trend was found in the in- 
creased chapel attendance. Five years ago when the midweek chapel services were 
first started, fifteen or twenty was the average. This year there was not one service 
when all who came could be accommodated in the chapel which seats approximately 
eighty. During the Lenten services the gym had to be converted into an auditorium 
to accommodate the crowds. Another successful portion of the program was the 
increase in summer activities at the center, including crafts and other scheduled 
activities and Bible school. Camp is operating for ten weeks this summer and has 
been filled to capacity each session. As we look forward toward another year of 
service, it is quite clear that Friendly Center is greatly needed in the community." 

Lavinia Wallace Young Community Center at Nome, Alaska, under the direc- 
tion of Miss Esther McCoy, has had a good year. She writes: "During the year our 
continued efforts to teach and practice Christianity in our community have been 
shared through our program of social welfare and recreation. The community shows 
increased interest in our recreation program. Major problems of social and eco- 
nomic conditions still present stumbling blocks to spiritual maturity of individuals. 
It is difficult to teach Christian brotherhood by example where the economic con- 
ditions and social standards make paupers of many people. The delinquency and 
educational problems of the youth reveal an acute need for real Christian living in 
our community." 

From Houchen Settlement, El Paso, Texas, comes a testimony from a parent: 
"Houchen means to me a home where every race, creed, and nationality is welcome. 
I have learned to sew, work in ceramics, and most of all to work with people. Above 
all I beheve that Houchen turns us into better neighbors as well as parents. 
Houchen has been my 'new glory.' " 

Mothers' Memorial Center, Cincinnati, is a day-care center for children whose 
mothers must work. This center also has a well-organized group work program. 

Special Community Services 

Miss Ruth Gress does a special kind of social work among the Chinese, Fili- 
pinos, and Koreans in the San Francisco area — that of helping immigrant women 
and war brides with conversational English, teaching private classes in the homes. 
"Formerly entry into the homes of newcomers to San Francisco's Chinatown was 
difficult. Now these women open their doors to us and extend a warm welcome. We 
have something they want — English. Besides the weekly classes in the homes, we 
also provide an English Bible Class on Sunday morning. It is a basic aim to share 
our joy in the Gospel of Christ." 

Miss Doris Rhodes, a deaconess, began a new social service project in Windham, 
Ohio, in September, 1954. There is a fine spirit of cooperation on the part of the 
manager of the housing project, the churches, and community leaders. The program 
is an asset in character building and in the prevention of delinquency. 

The rural work at Pahala, Hawaii, continues its service to people of the various 
nationality groups that make up the camps on the large sugar plantations. Miss 
Martha Almon is replacing Miss Hisako Tanji in this work. 



Department of Work in Home Fields 91 

Homes for Retired Workers 

Bancrojt-Taylor, Ocean Grove, New Jersey; Robincroft, Pasadena, California; 
and Thoburn Terrace, Alhambra, California, continue to render valuable service to 
many retired workers of the Woman's Division. As long as they are able, these 
retired deaconesses and missionaries are in demand for speaking, teaching, conduct- 
ing prayer groups, and study groups. Their date books have an important place 
alongside their devotional and study materials. Plans are under way for infirmary 
units to make possible even better care of those who have served so long and well. 

Medical Work 

The ministry of healing is an important part of the work of the Christian 
church. We rejoice in the splendid services of ten hospitals. Only a visit to these 
hospitals could give us an understanding of the importance of the work. Attention 
is given to the healing of the total needs of the patients. The work of the chaplain 
is being increasingly recognized as an essential part of the hospital service. 

The Alaska Vocational Rehabilitation Program of Seward Sanatorium is in- 
creasing in its scope and service to patients during their period of treatment and 
for their future economic security. Patients who can look forward to living useful 
lives are able to maintain higher morale and have a desire to regain health. The 
Sayi Chat, published by the patients, reflects the hfe in this 150-patient hospital 
whose chief service is to native Alaskans. 

Seward General Hospital, owned by the City of Seward, Alaska, has been oper- 
ated by our organization since 1932. A new hospital is to be erected to replace the 
present inadequate facility. The city manager has stated that the city appreciates 
the very fine job that the Woman's Division has done in operating the hospital and 
wishes to continue the present relationship. 

Maynard-MacDougall Memorial Hospital in Nome, Alaska, is an example of 
a small hospital with one doctor doing a good piece of medical work in an isolated 
area. This is the only hospital on the entire Seward Peninsula in the northwest 
section of Alaska. 

Bataan Methodist Hospital, Albuquerque, New Mexico, was opened in 1912 
and has approximately 100 doctors on the staff. Already the 116 beds are not suffi- 
cient to care for the patient load of the accredited hospital where high standards 
of medicinal practice are maintained. 

Although all of the hospitals related to the Woman's Division have interracial 
aspects. Freeman Clinic and Newark Conference Hospital, El Paso, Texas, and 
Brewster Hospital, Jacksonville, Florida, are dedicated to the service of minority 
groups — the Spanish-.speaking Americans and the Negro Americans. Human rela- 
tions are an important concern of these agencies and much good work in this field 
is being done. A Brewster Men's Club has helped in public relations and fund 
raising. Many local people have been interested in a development program to help 
make available additional facilities for the expanding program. 

Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D. C, is continuing its plans for 
expanding facilities and moving to the American University campus. 

The services rendered through all the projects are facets in helping to meet the 
supreme aim of missions — "to make the Lord Jesus Christ known to all people. . . ." 



92 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Bureau of Town and Country Work 

By Miss Cornelia Russell, Executive Secretary 

" OEEDS for better citizenship, good will, and community esteem planted in 
^^ minds and lives will, we hope, bear a rich harvest in days to come," the head 
resident of a community house concludes her annual report. 

"We aim to meet the needs of people whose working hours are long and hard 
and who need to find the peace and abundant life Jesus offers everyone," writes one 
of the church and community workers. 

On succeeding pages selections from the annual reports of twenty of the more 
than one hundred projects of the Bureau of Town and Country Work show a few 
of the fruits of the workers' discipleship. Many more are described in these reports 
for which there is not space here. Countless other fruits are never recorded, some 
because they drop off before reaching maturity, though the same or more effort goes 
into their cultivation, but most of them because they ripen slowly and incon- 
spicuously and in unexpected places. 

In going over the events of the past quadrennium, certain trends can be ob- 
served. Perhaps the first one to be noted is matrimony, which in just the past year 
has claimed ten of our workers, most of whom resigned either immediately or within 
a few months after their weddings. Miss Marjorie Minkler, who had served as 
executive secretary of this bureau since 1946, started the exodus in November, 1954, 
after her marriage to the Reverend Virgil D. Morris, D.D. 

During these four years a number of new projects have been started and a few 
closed. The C M. E. Cooperative Work in Georgia was discontinued on May 31, 
1955. Considerable progress has been made in interracial cooperation. A number 
of advisory committees and boards as well as staffs and participants in community 
centers and rural projects are biracial, with either Mexicans, Negroes, or Indian 
Americans in addition to white people. 

A short-term school on rural work held at Scarritt College for six weeks in 
January and February was concluded with a five-day conference for chairmen of 
rural work advisory committees. The "short-termers" felt they benefited not only 
from the refresher courses provided but perhaps even more from the stimulation re- 
ceived from contacts with other workers in situations similar to theirs. 

Part of the 1953 Week of Prayer and Self-Denial fund was designated for 
equipment for rural workers. This fund has provided twenty new cars and a number 
of projectors and transcription players. Since a large proportion of the worker's 
waking hours are necessarily spent in traveling country roads in all kinds of weather, 
no one can estimate the number of fruitful meetings, conferences, and personal 
interviews made possible by her having a good, serviceable car to transport others 
as well as herself. The fund was used also to erect a new community center building 
at Alpine, Texas, ^ on land provided by local groups, who have furnished and 
equipped the building. (A report from that center appears on page 97.) A portion of 
the fund is being held for a new building at the Yuma Methodist Mission in Arizona. 

The inclusion of field work supervisors for church and community work in two 
Methodist colleges that offer training for Christian workers, National College and 
Scarritt College, is a recent development. In both of these institutions weekends 
spent in supervised field work nearby supplement the class work in rural sociology 



1 The Methodist Woman, page 14, September, 1954 ; page 19, September, 1955. 



Department o£ Work in Home Fields 93 

and related subjects as a part of the regular training program. Several i)otential 
workers are at present enrolled in these two schools. 

Each year approximately twenty college girls spend their summer serving in 
selected town and country areas, receiving guidance from experienced workers, who 
value their help. On the other hand, the girls benefit from contacts with parts of 
the country different from their own, and many receive the impetus to continue their 
college training with the definite purpose of becoming rural workers. 

It has been found valuable to have one of the experienced workers placed where 
she can act as coordinator for several rural projects, particularly where U.S.-2's 
are serving. Miss Catherine Ezell, of the Holston Valley Rural Work ^ in Tennessee 
and Virginia, pictures the job of being a coordinator of rural work as being "a 
httle of a trouble-shooter, a mama, a supervisor, a resource person, a speech-maker, 
and one who attends meetings morning, noon, and night. She is an understanding 
friend to the rural worker and seeks to help her with plans and problems as they 
work and pray together. She seeks not only to coordinate the work being done by 
all the workers in the project, but to coordinate the individuals' efforts with those 
of the pastors of the area and with the advisory committees on local, district, and 
conference levels. She tries to interpret the work to both the church and Woman's 
Society groups and to enlist the cooperation of all in a united effort to meet the 
needs of rural areas." 

Two rural workers in the eastern part of North Carolina ^ summarize their jobs 
in different ways that combined give a good picture of rural work, though each 
project of the bureau has entirely different problems and opportunities and resources: 

"What do I do, you ask! I am working with the minister, with the people, 
through the programs of three local rural churches to help the influence of these 
churches reach out into three communities. One is a mill community; one is an 
agricultural community. The third I call a 'community of commuters/ for prac- 
tically everyone works in the mills or the shops or the offices of the town, three 
miles away. I suppose that first I am an interpreter. Then I am a teacher. I spend 
much time in leadership training in the educational program of the churches. Some- 
times I have to be an organizer. Then I am a resource person and a correlator of 
community services. (I'm remembering the time I helped channel the case of the 
Uttle girl who had asthma to the County Health Department; and I'm remembering 
the announcements of Home Demonstration Club meetings found in our church 
bulletins, and our exchange of materials as the church and the club in May empha- 
sized the Christian Family.) Finally, I am a sower of seeds. . . . Some seeds fall on 
good ground." — Ethelynde Ballance 

"Have you ever visited a country church with one class composed of children 
from three to thirteen meeting in a dull, drab room? Have you seen a half-dozen 
children sitting on one side of a long, high table, little feet dangling uncomfortably 
over the edge of a discarded pew? Have you gone back, after several workers' 
conferences have been held, to find the class divided, the two classrooms painted a 
cheerful green, and the younger children sitting happily on small chairs around a low 
table? Have you heard the teacher telling eagerly of her plans for further improve- 
ments ? 

"Has tragedy ever stabbed your church awake to the needs of all the youth in 
your community? Has the arrest of two teen-agers caused your handful of active 
young people to reach out, encouraged by their counselors, to bring others into their 

2 The Methodist Woman, page 10, November, 1954 ; page 19, October, 1955. 
*The Methodist Woman, page 16, March, 1955. 



94 Woman*s Division of Christian Service 

fellowship? Have you visited the boys in jail and then in prison camp, in an effort 
to assure them of God's forgiving love and your concern for them? Have you gone 
to their homes and talked with their worried families? Have you observed the 
pleased reaction when the brother of one of the arrested youth is invited to join the 
Youth Fellowship? Have you watched the youth group grow and triple its member- 
ship? 

"Have you met with junior boys and girls of all denominations to study such 
units as 'Praise Ye the Lord' and 'India and Pakistan'? Have you donned heavy 
boots and gone hiking through the mud with them on a Saturday afternoon? Have 
you watched them build a dam at the edge of a creek? Have you written in the 
sand and skipped rocks with them, climbed through barbed wire fences and up 
slippery hillsides? Have you called their attention to the beauties of nature? Then, 
has your heart been touched by their sincerity as each in turn thanked God for the 
blessings of His world? If you have had experiences such as these, then you know 
some of the joys that come from serving as a rural deaconess." — Alta Nye 

Miss Joyce Ryerson, a U.S.-2 in Florida rural work last year, found "the 
women's groups were for the first time wanting study courses and planning for them. 
At the study sessions they were contributing through outside material found on 
their own initiative. . . . Every Methodist child in the five communities attended 
vacation church school." 

Mrs. Ebenezer Wesley, who is director of leadership training in the Indian 
Mission Cooperative Work^ covering thirteen counties and made up of forty-seven 
churches in Oklahoma, describes two outstanding achievements of the year: "The 
first was the tour of missions. Two girls from each of the three districts into which 
the Indian Mission is divided and an adult counselor traveled over parts of 
Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, and Arkansas, observing the work being carried on 
by the Woman's Division of Christian Service. Seeing and talking with the workers 
meant much more to the girls than if they were just told about them. The reaction? 
of most of them were all that we had hoped for. With better understanding of the 
projects, they can now convey to others the importance of supporting them. 

"The second was Christian Witness Missions. The boys and girls laid aside 
their timidity and went from house to house witnessing for Christ to other boys 
and girls, bringing in recruits for the Methodist Youth Fellowship and the church." 

Miss Dorothy Caudle writes from the Holston Valley Rural Work ^ of a 
teacher of the preschool group in a small church school. Returning from an area 
training school she had attended, she asked for help in dividing her class. "Usually 
this group of ten or twelve met in a screened-off corner. The newly organized com- 
mission on education had arranged for a co-teacher for each class, and the one for this 
group agreed to take the one-, two-, and three-year-olds. A place behind the stove was 
furnished for the older group with a table and chairs from an abandoned school. 
What was there left for the younger group? Some wooden boxes that had been 
used to make a fireplace for the young people's Christmas play, a few spools, and 
bits of leather were made into small furniture: a stove, a sink, a cabinet with cur- 
tained front, a table, and a doll's bed. One of the women found a toy telephone left 
from the play. The teacher planned to buy a doll and some dishes and bring other 
play equipment and a blanket to the church. In just one Sunday a difference was 
found in the discipline problem." 

"Neither will I offer . . . offerings unto the Lord my God of that which doth 



* The Methodist Woman, page 10, June, 1955. 
^ See footnote 1. 



Department of Work in Home Fields 95 

cost me nothing." The minister read this verse from II Samuel at a worship service 
in a Southwest Missouri church preceding a Lord's Acre sale. Miss Lois Marquart, 
the worker in Johnson County, tells how "an auctioneer caught the spiritual signifi- 
cance of the occasion by reminding the crowd that the articles for sale were really 
the Lord's, for they had been dedicated to him early in the spring and had been 
tended and cared for in His name. The dedication of these projects in the spring 
discourages the practice of promising to give 'what I have the most of,' or stalling, 
'We'll see when the time comes.' " Such results do not come about spontaneously. 
Miss Marquart tells of special meetings being held and packets of material prepared 
for each church, with films shown and individuals testifying to the value of the 
program to their church and to themselves. 

Miss Cora Lee Glenn, working in North Mississippi, says: "The lovely new 
rock church at Spring Hill is a blessing to that community and, as it is centrally 
located, a help to the parish program. Building plans in other churches are in 
process. The proceeds from several Lord's Acres which have been planted should 
help make further improvements possible." 

"A Lord's Acre project of sweet potatoes developed among the people of the 
Center Ridge Church, after individuals realized that by giving a little time to set 
out and cultivate potatoes they could help their church in building Sunday school 
rooms. One man gave the land, while others plowed and set out the potatoes. We 
are hopeful that it will be a help financially and spiritually." — Miss Ruby Hudgins, 
West Tennessee 

Other workers also refer enthusiastically to the help given the churches by the 
Lord's Acre plan. 

Community centers in small towns as well as rural work projects are showing 
the fruits of discipleship. "I did not realize it at the time, but I owe a great deal 
of my honesty and integrity to you folks," said a young Italian man, now assistant 
manager for a large and well-known manufacturing company. As a child he had 
been a member of various group activities at McCrum Community House ^ in 
Uniontown, Pennsj'lvania, reports Miss Bessie K. Van Scyoc, the head resident. 

"The women who are members of the Woman's Society of Christian Service 
have shown growth as a result of leadership training," says Mrs. Isaac Pittman, 
of Mississippi Rural Center, Columbia. "They are able to take leadership in plan- 
ning and conducting meetings more intelligently. While there is no marked increase 
in membership, there is in giving and in interest. For the first time since we have 
worked with them they are right on time at meetings. They have all the oflScers 
required and have held the installation and the pledge service. This is the first time 
the group has been willing to make pledges. They are responding beautifully to the 
attempt to teach them stewardship, and they keep the church lovely with flowers 
grown in their yards." Mrs. Pittman writes also of the Boy Scout work at the 
center, which shows a two-way growth. 

As in many other places, it was difficult to find men to serve as leaders, though 
there were many who were capable. "After being coaxed, one of them finally agreed 
to try serving as a commissioner for a while, with the stipulation that if he didn't 
like it he could give it up. The man received so much pleasure from the enthusiasm 
of the boj^s that his own interest was deepened. He has encouraged other men to the 
point where everything connected with Scouting is on a 'live wire' basis, and the 
leadership has spread to other areas. In 1949 there were only two colored troops in 
the county. There is today a whole new Division, comprising three counties. A 



' The Methodist Woman, page 17, April, 1954, 



96 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Negro Field Scout executive for the area has been hired and forty-five men are 
working with the boys in the Division. On a recent camporee 150 out of an enroll- 
ment of 212 attended, and our troop led in scout craft and camp craft with 470 
points out of a possible 475." 

"Every person of the community is reached in some way by the 'House of 
Joy/ as the Highland Boy Community House '^ in Bingham Canyon, Utah, is known 
locally, if in no other way than by telephone, mail, or house bulletins. Many take 
an active part in helping with the work — furnishing transportation weekly to the 
swimming pool, occasionally to camps and for Scout trips and institutes. They also 
help with house cleaning and the delivery of bulletins, and by turns take charge of 
the church nursery on Sundays. Four hundred people of more than twenty national- 
ities and fifteen denominations make up this copper-mining community where we are 
seeking to bring the knowledge of Christ and His abundant way of life." — Mm 
Ada Duhigg 

"The community house program this year has been revised to meet the growing 
and changing interests in the neighborhood," reports the North Barre Community 
House in Vermont. "Interest groups have taken the place of specific age-group 
clubs and classes — crafts for all ages; a story hour period for children; a doll club 
for girls; a World Friendship group for boys and girls; recreation night; Mothers' 
Club ; Golden Age Club ; Girl and Boy Scouts ; a hiking club ; a kindergarten ; and 
music lessons." 

"The Worker Doesn't Go Alone" 

"The most reassuring thought has been the knowledge that the worker doesn't 
go alone. The Home Demonstration Agent knows many folk on the country roads 
(and doesn't mind having company). The county health nurse knows the proper 
authorities to contact concerning a migrant camp. The minister has a common 
goal with the worker. And there is always the Power beyond one's own." — Miss 
Dorothy Kelley, Arkansas-Oklahoma Rural Work ^ 

There are other ways of contacting community resources. "During a quarterly 
conference at one of the churches," writes Miss Doris Reynolds, worker in south 
Georgia, "we invited a panel composed of a school principal, minister, health nurse, 
welfare director, newspaper representative, and Home Demonstration agent. This 
group discussed 'What my agency contributes toward rural life.' The welfare 
director told the group that we must have the spiritual in order to hve. The dis- 
cussion was led by the chairman of the Town and Country Commission of the 
Conference. The ideas of the people of the church have been broadened and the 
conference has been strengthened by work with the county officials." 

"There was a vacation church school in every church in the county, with the 
exception of one which had no children," reports Miss Martha Stewart, of the 
Holston Valley Rural Work. "As one step in including all the people in our planning 
and work, we recently have organized a County Methodist Fellowship and are 
working with some of the community leaders in other organizations. One of the 
highlights of the year was speaking to a group of public school teachers on 'The 
Rural Church and Its Problems.' " 

One of the four goals established by Miss Mary Juno for her work in the 
Canisteo Valley Cooperative Parish ^ of Genesee Conference, New York, when she 



' The Methodist Woman, page 13, January, 1954. 

* The Methodist Woman, page 18, July-August, 1955, 

* World Outlook, page 3. April, 1954. 



Department of Work in Home Fields 97 

went there as a rural worker in 1951 was to help establish a better feeling between 
the churches of the parish, that they might see what could be done as united groups. 
Miss Juno feels the greatest advance as a whole has been made in the work of the 
Parish Council, made up of representatives from each of the seven churches. (She 
thinks the social hour after each meeting has helped toward its success.) "A com- 
mittee is to be formed," she writes, "to make a study of the churches and of how 
they measure up according to a rural church scoreboard which we received from 
another parish." 

Miss Susanna Menah, rural worker at Sue Bennett College in Kentucky, reports 
that when "the sixteen members of a Woman's Society held their usual program 
meeting in April the subject, 'The Unity of the Faith,' hit home. In the discussion 
someone suggested that there were other Christian women who had the same goals 
as their Woman's Society. Someone else mentioned that the Woman's Missionary 
Union of the Baptist Church and their neighbors of the Salem Church were trying 
to do the same things. And in no time a May Fellowship Day was planned and 
carried out." 

Perhaps the outstanding "fruits" of the year are evident in the stories of the 
gradual breaking down of racial and national barriers. 

"When it became known that the graduation class from Alpine High School 
had asked for permission to hold their junior-senior banquet in our new building," 
writes Mrs. Mabel Hamilton, head resident of Alpine Community Center, Texas,^^ 
"some of the Latin-Americans were slightly indignant. 'Oh! Can they use our 
building, too?' asked one. (Segregation has been a set tradition here for generations, 
although now Latin- American youth attend high school and college.) 

"'Yes, dear,' I rephed, 'isn't it wonderful to be able to share it with them? 
Sharing brings happiness to everyone.' 

"After thinking a minute she said, 'Well, I suppose you are right. Miss Mabel, 
but this is the first time I ever had anything anyone wanted to use.' 

"We have come a long way. For years the railroad track divided the town 
into two distinct settlements, and signs reading 'No Mexicans Served' were on the 
cafes and 'Mexicans Upstairs Only' at picture shows. Of course we do not claim all 
the credit, but now all the signs are gone from the cafes. Our Mexican women 
were included in the May Luncheon of United Church Women held at our center. 
Among the fifty graduates in the class of 1955 were seventeen Mexicans, and all 
came to our center for their prom. The Anglo Girl Scout troops have met with our 
groups and enjoyed our facilities. Recently two men who had been boys in Alpine 
in the early '20's visited the center. 'Do you mean to tell me,' said one, 'that the 
Anglos and Mexicans both come to this building and meet in mixed groups? When 
I was a boy here no one dared cross the tracks alone!' " 

"For a long while we have looked forward to having a Negro worker added to 
the staff of Methodist Community Workers in the West Virginia coal fields. In 
September, 1954, Mrs. Izetta Taylor of the East Tennessee Conference joined us 
and is living in the Coalwood community. The people there were eager for help 
and the Woman's Society and Sunday school have taken on new life; the church 
building has been redecorated and put to more effective use; help has been given 
with the church financial plans. A number of clubs have been organized. In 
several instances there has been interracial cooperation between the two churches 
in the community." — Miss Jennie Flood 

"Someone has said that we as Christians should be like turtles — always sticking 

i" See footnote 2. 

4 



98 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



our necks out in order to move forward." This challenge Miss Virginia Courtney, a 
rural worker in Georgia/^ applies to the tour of Carroll County by an interracial, 
international "studycade" of twenty-seven graduate students of Scarritt College. 
The group, representing eighteen states and five foreign countries, was making a 
study of rural church and community work. The tour is an annual feature of the 
college program, though this was the first time it was interracial. Rumors were many 
about the difficulties presented in entertaining this mixed group, an undertaking 
involving twenty different communities in the county. "The facts are less startling 
than the rumors," concluded a county reporter. 

Since no local church volunteered, the Veterans of Foreign Wars provided 
facilities for meetings and meals. "A church school teacher in one of the schools 
that had passed up this opportunity later exclaimed that she didn't know how she 
could go on teaching her class, when her own church could not put into practice 
what was being taught on brotherhood. The management of the motel in which 
the interracial group stayed willingly accepted them and had the opportunity of dis- 
cussing with their neighbors freely and openly their position in accepting all people, 
regardless of race or creed." Horizons were broadened for many by the presence 
of the "httle United Nations" in Carroll County. 

These are some of the fruits of discipleship — from certain fields. On the 
executive secretary's desk are folders full of requests from churches and Woman's 
Societies that new work be started. But how can new projects be approved when 
there are now more than twenty vacancies in places where approved work has 
already been going on? Who will replace the seven rural workers who married 
and left our work, the two who retired, those who left to prepare for foreign service 
or to work in other bureaus, those who dropped out for other reasons? Can your 
Woman's Society of Christian Service help provide the answer? 



^1 The Methodist AVoman, page 4, July-August, 1954. 




MEDICAL WORK 

10 Hospitals 

3 Schools of Nursing 

4 Residences for Nurses 
1 Medical Mission 

30 Clinics 
1 Milk Depot 



Department of Work in Home Fields 99 

Bureau of Urban Work 

By Mrs. Mabel Garrett Wagner, Executive Secretary 

HOW do you get in that place?" 
"dh, there's a gate," was the answer as several small boys passed Homer 
Toberman Settlement House, San Pedro, California. 
In keeping with the purpose and spirit of welcome of all our settlement houses, 
Toberman calls its gate, which happens to be one of beauty, a ''Gate of Oppor- 
tunity." The purpose is to welcome people of all ages, all races, all creeds, and all 
occupations with opportunities: 

— to develop skills and attitudes for democratic living; 
— to broaden mental and spiritual horizons; 
— to strengthen family ties ; and 

— to cultivate good will and brotherhood among all races, creeds, and national- 
ities. 

"You don't teach international and race relations here — you live them," said 
an English social worker who visited Toberman and found the keynote to be cordial 
appreciation of diverse human values. Little Lisa, aged eight, said, "We learn how 
to play together at Toberman so there won't be any more war." 

To this center come all the problems in the area, either directly or indirectly, 
for the function of the settlement house is to minister to the needs of the neighbor- 
hood in which it is located. Through clubs, interest groups, and social events each 
individual develops his talents and finds new interests while working with others. 
"Because we know the whole family — the parents through visits in the home and 
the children through the various activities — we can work to build emotional stability 
and many other strengths and values." 

Growing the Democratic Way 

Skipping east over the Rocky Mountains and the Mississippi River, we find 
Bethlehem Center, Nashville, Tennessee, often referred to as "The House of the 
Open Door." Undergirding all phases of the program is a Christian philosophy of 
life with the objectives of helping people to live together harmoniously, aiding 
individuals to develop their own interests and abilities, enabhng members to strive 
for a better neighborhood, and providing students with learning experiences. The 
program at Bethlehem Center is built around the interests and needs of the indi- 
viduals and the families who come. A casual spectator might fail to realize the value 
of the activities observed, as so much of it appears to be fun, play, and good times. 
But play is a child's serious business, as this is the medium through which much of 
his learning takes place. This does not mean the kind of play which is mere running 
around aimlessly on the streets, but rather that rich creative play which focuses on 
the capacities that all children have at their disposal. Whether it has been through 
the use of their hands in crafts, the use of their bodies in games, the use of their 
imaginations in dramatization, through drawing, painting, clay modehng, hearing 
stories both old and new, or learning the fun of sharing toys — boys and girls have 
found it is good to know you belong to a group of friends. A weekly religious educa- 
tion program supplementing what the churches are doing reaches some children not 
attending any church. 



100 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

For those who are members of clubs, the major focus has been on personal 
relations. Developing their own programs, club members play a responsible role in 
carrying through democratic decisions made by the group. Each individual can 
express himself easily in a small group and thus gain group status, which develops 
the capacity to live more effectively in a democratic society. Frequently the friendly 
relationships established between the worker and the individual members offer many 
opportunities for counsehng and guidance. 

"Can we play games today?" "Can we fingerpaint?" "When can we take a 
trip to the zoo and visit the bakery?" "We'd sure hke to plan a party for next week 
and invite some friends ! " Such are the spontaneous questions coming from young- 
sters as they swarm into a community center after school. A visitor would find many 
different types of activities, such as club groups, special interest groups. Scouts, 
teen-age clubs, Campfire Girls, adult classes, and Golden-Agers, as well as many 
others. Interest would include music, crafts, woodworking, group games and recrea- 
tion, sewing, cooking, camping, hiking, trips, and any activity in which the group 
wished to find expression. 

As the director of Bethlehem Center, Fort Worth, Texas, writes, "In all our 
groups we stress the Christian principles which Jesus gave us — fairness, cooperation 
and sharing, working together, thinking of each other as brothers. With this 
Christian emphasis and approach we help to fulfill our purpose of racial under- 
standing and building Christian citizens." Such principles are basic. Likewise, a 
skilled leader is always studying and watching closely the development of each 
individual in the group. 

"Hey, kids, did'ya hear that?" The leader at St. Mark's Community Center, 
New Orleans, had just announced that the Apache Boys' Club would meet in the 
workshop and that it belonged to them on Tuesday afternoons. Dewey jumped up 
and down, his eyes fairly popping, "Did'ya hear that — the workshop belongs to us 
on Tuesdays! It's all ours! Gee, will we have fun ! It's really all ours!" So Dewey 
talked and talked during the first meeting. He simply could not believe he now was 
old enough to belong to a regular club, especially one that met in the workshop. 
Every time a new member came in he would jump up and make the same announce- 
ment. Only once did the leader have to suggest cleaning up and putting away things 
after the meeting. Dewey was now one of the first to volunteer to help and the first 
to arrive at the center. St. Mark's is proud of the progress Dewey has made, for he 
talks much more softly and is not as "pushy" as he used to be. He is liked by all the 
boys and feels very secure in his group. 

"To create an atmosphere that will stimulate emotional and social growth, to 
help a child find a sense of security, to help him get along with others of his own age 
group, to grow more self-reliant and dependable, to learn to share and serve — these 
are some of the goals that the leaders strive for in work with children," as shown in 
the above illustration from St. Mark's. 

This vivid report comes from the Methodist Mission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 
"Noise, confusion, hustle, and bustle. Children's voices strident and strong. Clatter 
and chatter and hurry and fuss. 'Miss Bessie, kin I paint?' 'When are we goin' 
to the park?' 'Don't the Brownies meet today?' 'She took my belt!' 'Where is the 
movie projector?' 'Don't we have any more paper?' Questions and answers, scurry 
and scuffle. And in a corner a neat girl quietly reads a magazine. 

"To an outsider a community center is often confusion and a disorderly 
scramble. To the director the hustle and bustle are necessary for releasing young 
energies. The scuffling and seemingly chaotic energy is controlled and disciphned 



Department o£ Work in Home Fields 101 

freedom. To one who doesn't know, the chatter, talk, and clatter mean unnecessary 
turmoil and uproar. To the club leader there is order and method in the jumble. 

"Johnny is taking a big step. He has asked Caroline if she wants to ride the 
tricycle. For the first time he didn't have to be asked to give it up. Dorothy speaks 
in a voice that sounds coarse and raucous to the ear of one who doesn't know her, 
but Dorothy has changed. In September she didn't know a quiet voice. She may 
never speak like a dainty lady but she has had a long way to go. And to the story- 
teller, Jimmy says proudly, 'Look, lady, I didn't get my book dirty this week.' Little 
things, all. To an outsider, meaningless. To a club leader, priceless examples of 
children learning, changing, and growing into Jesus' way of life." 

Juvenile Delinquency 

Juvenile delinquency, ranging from petty thievery and vandaHsm to dope 
addiction, is in the spotlight today. Quick cures or magic methods are sought by 
well-meaning but shortsighted parents and community groups. Common sense and 
a calm objective viewpoint emphasize the fact that the best method is the preventive 
one. Huge sums are spent on police, courts, reformatories, and jails needed because 
of criminal offenses committed by youth. If communities would spend only a 
fraction of this public money on constructive measures, such as wholesome recreation 
and social facilities, society would be saved tax money and, more important, future 
useful hves would be developed. Because as citizens we assent to the above but are 
not aggressive in accepting our civic responsibihties, we should carry out more fully 
our Christian responsibilities in our own institutions and agencies. No finer oppor- 
tunity to do this can be found than in our settlement houses, neighborhood and 
community centers. 

"Stimulating teen-agers in a bhghted city neighborhood Hke ours {Newberry 
Avenue Center, Chicago, Illinois) to participate in wholesome and creative leisure- 
time activities is an answer to the delinquency problem. One hundred and fifty- 
eight teen-agers (14-19 years) are now enrolled in eleven club groups." 

The emphasis on the small club group is based on the theory and experience 
that a competent dedicated leader has opportunity in such groups for close friend- 
ships and influence for the good. Should the value of the program be measured by 
the number of youth who come or by the change in lives — as when Jocko, the young 
teen-ager who appeared to be destined for prison, informed the worker a few years 
later that "he'd have been 'up the road like other boys,' caught in several burglary 
jobs, if it had not been for Marcy Center." 

Time and patience are needed for lives to grow. Leaders, as illustrated, must not 
only be patient with the changing likes and dislikes and strong puzzling emotions of 
youth, but local board members and all those concerned must be willing to wait 
months, or even years, for results. Perhaps we must leave it in God's hands — 
realizing that twenty years later Johnny or Mary may turn up as a teacher, pastor, 
or just an honest, upright citizen. Then, with an inward smile and a prayer of thanks 
we can recall that he or she used to be a "pest" at the center. 

At the Deaconess Home and Center, Wilmington, Delaware, the Teen-Age Club 
reopened and took a new lease on hfe. Under the leadership of Miss Betty Lou 
Brown, U.S.-2 worker, it grew and flourished. The club started out with a social 
program but, as the year went on, other interests were explored, such as symphony 
concerts, art galleries, et cetera. The fact that these teen-agers, many of them 
undisciplined and from underprivileged homes, could have come so far in a brief 
nine months proves our need to serve and is a real tribute to their leader. 

Knights of Bethlehem Center, Augusta, Georgia, is the club name of teen-age 



102 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

boys who, along with others, cleaned vacant lots and helped the Home Beautification 
Club with its project. Now these Knights have adopted as their own project the 
cleaning up of a corner of land which, covered with weeds and bushes, has been a 
dumping place for the neighbors. 

Golden-Age Groups 

"Neighborhood women over sixty-five years of age organized into a weekly club 
group and chose the name 'Forget-Me-Not Club.' They are lonely women, living in 
rented rooms, hungry for companionship and sociability. The worker keeps their 
meetings interesting and diversified. The women are most responsive and apprecia- 
tive. All birthdays falling within a given month are celebrated together, a special 
birthday cake being provided by Hattie B. Cooper Community Center, Roxbury, 
Massachusetts," reports the director. "The first time this happened the lonely 
celebrant, a widow, burst into tears, explaining that 'No one has paid any attention 
to my birthday or remembered it for years and years.' " 

In Biloxi, Mississippi, at Moore Community House the Golden-Age Club enjoys 
making quilts. Old age can be a drab time for men and women, whether economically 
handicapped or not. This is especially true for those without friends who are 
entirely dependent upon old-age assistance for their living. From Jackson, Missis- 
sippi, the director writes that Bethlehem Center is the only agency in that city with 
an organization for Negro senior citizens. Here they find fellowship, inspiration, and 
the opportunity to help plan their own programs, which may range from Bible study 
and movies to just plain sociability with a time for visiting and refreshments. 

Biracial Developments 

In Ohio a director reports that their "biracial program, especially in view of 
the Supreme Court decision as well as the ideal of Christian brotherhood needs to 
be rethought." Situated in a neighborhood of mixed cultures and racial back- 
grounds, the camp program this past summer was integrated, but the clubs seem to 
cling to old patterns and traditions. With a biracial staff and board the policy- 
making bodies are striving to satisfactorily develop an integrated winter club or 
group program in this settlement house. 

Supporting the Woman's Division "Charter of Racial Policies," local boards and 
staffs generally are alert to their responsibilities as shown by such policies. 

From Wesley House, Oklahoma City, the board president writes, "Our program 
is actually interracial. For years we have had Mexican children and some Itahan. 
Now a small percentage of Negroes are moving into the area and few Negro children 
come to the movies and playground at the center. When the school next door to us 
is thoroughly desegregated, w^e shall have more Negro children." 

In some communities surrounding our neighborhood houses and centers the 
people are predominantly or even entirely of one cultural or racial group. Even so, 
the board and staff are often biracial as illustrated in Bethlehem Center, Memphis, 
Tennessee. This gives important opportunities for Negroes and whites to be repre- 
sented at the policy-making level. More and more local boards are following the 
recommendation adopted by the Woman's Division of Christian Service to elect 
representatives from the neighborhood. Such a policy is not only democratic and 
Christian but it expresses the viewpoint of working with people and helping them 
to help themselves. 



Department of Work in Home Fields 103 

New Buildings and Improvements 

A main lodge and two cabins have been built at the camp rim by Bethlehem 
Center, Spartanburg, South Carolina, and water facilities have been developed. 
St. Mark's Community Center in New Orleans also has developed its camp facilities. 
Both camps were in use this past summer. 

The generous giving of Methodist women thus gave opportunity to enjoy the 
refreshing country to many mothers and children who otherwise probably would 
not have been able to leave the hot city. Because of favorable climate both camps 
will be used during a large part of the year for retreats and week-end camping. 

Camp Dogwood, belonging to Bethlehem Center, Nashville, will also be of 
greater service because an infirmary was built and winterized so that it could be 
used by small groups the year round. 

With the increase in day camping by churches and other groups, Aldersgate 
Camp in Little Rock, Arkansas, has at last been able to satisfy this need. A day 
camp area was developed in the spring with a shelter building and other facilities. 
In keeping with the interracial policy of Aldersgate this is, of course, used by all 
groups. 

In ]\Iarch, Bethlehem Center, Augusta, dedicated a new boys' clubhouse, made 
possible by the sale of the Springfield branch. 

Changes in Work 

In September, 1955, our worker left the defense work in Piketon, Ohio. This 
work in southern Ohio was in cooperation with other denominations under the 
National Council of Churches. It was mutually agreed that local and state groups 
would carry on, as the mobile population had decreased after the impact of con- 
struction work ceased. 

Beginning in February, 1955, we have supported at Beaufort, South Carolina, 
a defense worker who contacts the young families living away from the base but 
connected with Parris Island Marine Base. Her work has been most effective in 
assisting lonesome young wives to adjust and in helping church members and local 
people to understand and accept the newcomers. 

By request of the Conference Woman's Society, support of work at Mt. Vernon 
Place Community Center in Baltimore, Maryland, has ceased. Because many 
families moved from the neighborhood, the large program was not needed so that 
Mt. Vernon Church can now fully support the present one. 

During the year action was taken to give limited financial support to the kinder- 
garten at McAllen, Texas, as part of the kindergarten work along the Mexican 
border. 

Bidwell-Riverside Community Center is the name of two previous projects in 
lowa-Des Moines which have been consolidated. An extension program is carried 
on in another area. Conference women are working enthusiastically to enlarge 
facilities. 

Ensley Community House in Birmingham, Alabama, has developed a recreation 
and after-school care program at a large housing project, known as Elyton Branch. 

Institutes 

Local board and staff institutes or program consultations were held at twelve 
centers by Miss Margaret Young of Scarritt College. 

An Institute for Kindergarten Teachers was held at National College in Kansas 
City, June 2S-July 1, with some fort}' in attendance. 



104 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Fruits of Service 

As they work and play together in informal settings, we try to help children 
and youth accept the fact that religion is for all of life. In a settlement house or 
community center we try to translate Christian ideals and principles into actions 
of everyday life. If religion motivates a life, it is revealed in attitudes, decisions, 
choices, and in all human relations. 

Fruits of service — what are they? How can they be measured? In the everyday 
work and play together of children and youth "we discover that life is made up of 
little things — a handful of dandelions presented with shining eyes. The quiet voice 
of a child asking, 'Can I help you this afternoon? I don't have anything to do at 
home.' A thank-you during Girl Scout prayers for the leaders who have made their 
camp trip possible. These are little things, all, but such little things mark the dif- 
ference between a Christ-like life and the uncaring unaware multitude," is the word 
that comes from Harrisburg Mission, Pennsylvania. 

Is beauty also a part of the better life? If so, there is significance when Httle 
eight-year-old Chavelo noticed the new furniture at Wesley House, Fort Worth. 
Texas, exclaiming, "Oh, que bonito! (how pretty)" He said that his mother wanted 
some pretty chairs, but "we are too poor to buy them. When I grow big, I will buy 
pretty chairs for my mother." Many of the boys and girls who, as Chavelo, started 
noticing beauty at Wesley House, are now grown men and women enjoying the 
comforts of nice homes. 

Does joining church and selecting a vocation of service results in fruits of 
service? "Recently, to our joy, a boy and a girl who had been coming to the 
center for several years joined The Methodist Church. Although the girl lacks two 
years of finishing high school, she is planning her course of study to go on to college, 
because she says, 'I want to be a group worker and work in a center like our Wesley 
Community Center in Portsmouth, Virginia.' Her counselor says she is the first 
student in the high school to express this interest and purpose." 

"I'd like to close with a prayer," writes the director at Harrisburg. "My prayer 
is for Goobie, who progressed from banging a child's head on the sidewalk one day in 
a fight to earning money for his Scout uniform and being the first one to wear it. 
A prayer for Georgia who, when punished in the day nursery, looked up at me and 
said, 'You love me, even when I'm bad, don't you?' And it's a prayer for Ruth, who 
at eleven came to us 'off the street,' ears pierced, smoking, not caring about her 
appearance, until this last day with her hair washed and set, her clothes neat, and 
knowing that someone cares about her." 

Can we measure by the change in individual lives or are masses the criteria? 
"To say that fifty or more groups are accommodated each week by a settlement house 
is gratifying. But more important is the fact that an agency can report the hearts 
and souls of men, women, and children have been touched, that attitudes and be- 
havior patterns of people have been changed to more socially desirable ends, as a 
result of the 'helping spirit of the worker in the agency.' There is particular gratifi- 
cation to those who work with individuals when the parent returns to say, 'Teacher, 
my little girl has really changed for the better as a result of nursery school.' " Or 
"when Florence goes to church regularly now because she found out that her 
teacher or worker also goes." Or "when eight-year-old Willie, the white boy, tells 
you that Negroes aren't so bad after all, merely because his teacher or leader at 
Marcy Center is Negro and many other club members are Negro." 

If Jesus were here today, he would again walk the streets of the city. He would 
leap over its ugliness and its corruption. Perhaps he would say: 



Department of Work in Home Fields 



105 



"I was a child, and you gave me a place to play. 
I was a teen-ager and alone, and you talked with me; you 

helped me to make friends and gave me interesting things to 

do. I was not a delinquent ; perhaps because you showed me 

a better way. 
I was an adult, and you were a friend and helped me to live 

in my community in harmony with my neighbor." 

Jesus would again be saying, "Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the 
least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me." 




COMMUNITY CENTERS 

88 Located in Cities 31 Located in Towns and Villages 

COMMUNITY WORKERS AND RELIGIOUS EDUCATION DIRECTORS IN 



4 Defense Areas 
23 Mission Churches 
4 Indian Mission Fields 



Covernment Schools for Indian Americam 

( Interdenominational) 

Migrant Areas (Interdenominational) 



RURAL CHURCH AND COMMUNITY WORK 



74 Rural Church and Community Projects 



3 Leadership Training Centeri 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 

"By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have 
love for one another." (RSV) In twenty-eight countries the mission- 
aries of the Woman's Division of Christian Service with their co-workers 
bear witness to their discipleship through many services of love to those 
about them. You, too, are a part of this discipleship because your 
gifts shared through love have made possible their witness. 

— Mrs. Charles E. Wegner, Chairman 



Africa and Europe 

5y Miss Ruth Lawrence, Executive Secretary 

FROM the beginning of the quadrennium, Africa has made news. Leading 
newspapers and magazines, as well as numerous books, have presented the 

emergence of Africa as a major factor in the life and thought of a world in 
revolution. The general public is confronted daily with the complicated racial, 
political, economic, and social problems of a great continent whose people are 
being wildly thrust into the confused world of today. 

Dr. George Carpenter, executive secretary. Division of Foreign Missions, 
National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A., describes the situation: 
"There is a familiar African story of a traveler on safari who found one morning 
that his carriers refused to leave camp. When he asked the reason they rephed, 
'We have come so far so very fast that we must give our souls time to catch up 
with us.' It would be a blessing if Africa could have a day or a j^ear or perhaps 
a century of repose in which her soul might catch up with her body, but the pace 
of change is inexorably swift. Never in history has a whole continent been forced 
to undergo such complete transformation in so short a time. Our own culture, 
here in the West, has been changing during the last half century about as rapidly 
as we could take it, yet we have asked the African, starting a thousand years 
behind us, to overtake us in a single operation. The result is an incongruous 
mixture of cultures that, on the surface, fascinates the beholder; but underneath 
are tensions and conflicts that amount to a revolution, a revolution that is racial, 
cultural, economic, social, pohtical, and religious all at the same time." 

World events have compelled people to give thought to Africa. The apartheid 
policy in south Africa and the Mau Mau terrorism in Kenya have sobered people 
to the reahzation of what can result from fear and racial prejudice on one hand 
and the smouldering fires of resentment and hatred on the other. What is happen- 
ing in South Africa and Kenya today could happen in other parts of Africa with 
repercussions of serious consequence for all the continent, if not for the whole world. 

The invitation from the Asians to the Africans to take part in the Bandung 
Conference, April 18-24, 1955, indicates that people in these two parts of the 
world consider that they have much in common in the political sphere and that 
they must act together. There is a need for leaders from eastern churches to par- 
ticipate in the Church's mission in Africa. 

106 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 107 

In North Africa terrorism has been the order of the day in varying degrees 
in Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. The end is not yet and life for many people 
is disrupted. So far, our work has not been affected materially and we still have 
applications for places in our homes for children. However, the 1955 summer 
camp program was canceled and attendance at Annual Conference was small. 

Fortunately the Church has not been altogether lacking in its interest in and 
concern for Africa. For many years missionaries have endeavored to bring this 
vast continent into the conscience of America. One hundred thirty-five years ago 
the first missionaries went to Africa. Today several thousands are there, living 
in all the major political areas of the continent. It is estimated that from one- 
tenth to one-fifth of the total population in Africa is identified in some way with 
the Christian Church. 

Just recently a martyr church has stood forth there to witness to the 
spiritual power and courage Christianity affords in the struggle against evil. In 
Kenya many Christian Kikuyus resisted and denounced the Mau Mau Movement, 
refusing to take its oath. As a result more than 500 of them have been killed. 
Canon Max Warren, general secretary, Church Missionary Society, the Church of 
England, who has expert knowledge of Africa, sees in this Christian resistance 
"the greatest single factor of hope in East Africa today." "The Church" he said, 
"had been strengthened by the role of these martyrs. Also, as a sequel to the two 
and one-half years of horror, there is now an evangelistic awakening among the 
whites." The willingness of a few thousand native Christians to risk martyrdom 
for their faith led Europeans to say that if Kenyans can make that sort of 
witness, "We can do business with them." It also led to focusing public opinion in 
England on the problems of Kenya and the necessity for doing something about 
them. 

Much energy is being thrown into the rehabilitation of the Mau Mau. Those 
who seem willing to be rehabilitated are being released from camps as soon as 
possible. The problem of what to do with the hard core of resisters remains. The 
Government's concentrating of the formerly scattered homesteads into towns 
changes the old pattern of living and calls for a whole program of social services. 

The Church must provide programs to turn these aggregations of people 
into communities. England has undertaken to provide funds and some of the 
personnel to carry on this work, but will need help in both areas. Church World 
Service and the World Council of Churches are requesting a special working fund, 
and the Board of Missions of The Methodist Church was privileged to make a 
contribution to this fund. Probably the most pressing Christian responsibility in 
Africa today is this task of rehabilitation in Kenya. 

Protestant churches in the United States, during the past four years, have 
made a special effort to interest their members as well as the general public in 
Africa, regarding the problems confronting the Christian church there. The year 
of 1952 was known as "Africa Year." The subject of the interdenominational mis- 
sion study course was Africa, and in The Methodist Church this was also the theme 
in the church-school literature for all age groups. It was fitting that the Woman's 
Society of Christian Service should designate its Week of Prayer Offering, 1952, 
for its work in Africa. 

The Strategy Conference of the Alethodist Church in Colorado Springs, Colo- 
rado, held March 2.3-April 4, 1952, met to study the work of the Church throughout 
the world. Among the delegates were Christians representing The Methodist Church 
from every land where it has been estabhshed by the church in America. African 
delegates were there from south of the Sahara and Liberia. Their counsel and 



108 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

suggestions were valuable as the conference gave thought to ways and means of 
working more eflfectively in Africa. 

In this same year, 1952, there were several other conferences which were wholly 
or in part concerned with Africa and the problems of the Christian church there. 
The North American Assembly on African Affairs met in June, 1952, at Witten- 
berg College, Springfield, Ohio, at the call of the Division of Foreign Missions of 
the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A. The theme was 
"The Changing Racial, Economic and Political Conditions in Africa, South of the 
Sahara, and the Relation of the Christian Church to Them." Among the 344 
persons registered for the assembly, there were thirty-four Africans from thirteen 
different areas in Africa who represented a good cross-section of African thinking 
and feehng. For the first time, representatives of eight governments in Africa 
joined in a pubhc discussion of their policies and future plans for Africa. There 
were present also representatives from the United Nations. The Methodist delega- 
tion was not only the largest group from any denomination but also the most 
representative. Two of its members were African ministers representing the Meth- 
odist Church in Africa. 

It was fortunate for the Christian Missionary Movement in Africa that the 
Assembly at Springfield, Ohio, was followed by an enlarged meeting of the Com- 
mittee of the International Missionary Council in Willingen, Germany, 1952. A 
number of the delegates to the assembly were able to be present at this meeting. 
Among them was an African minister of the Methodist Church. In Willingen the 
thinking of the meeting in Springfield was carried forward. 

In October, 1952, the Africa Central Conference of the Elisabethville Area 
was held in Katako Kombe, Belgian Congo, under the leadership of Bishop Newell 
S. Booth. This area includes Angola Central Conference, Central Congo Con- 
ference, Southern Congo Provisional Conference, Mozambique (Portuguese East 
Africa) Provisional Conference, and Southern Rhodesia Conference. Bishop Willis 
J. King of Liberia was present to represent the Council of Bishops. Rev. John Wes- 
ley Shungu, the African minister who had attended the gatherings in Colorado 
Springs, Springfield and Willingen, had returned to the Central Belgian Congo and 
was present to share with his African and missionary colleagues something of the 
significance of these world conferences. 

The Central Conference at Katako Kombe was significant for the women of 
Africa. They composed more than one-third of the delegates. A continuing com- 
mittee on woman's work was appointed, and correspondents were elected from 
each conference for the purpose of exchanging ideas and literature. The Central 
Conference voted to add the following to the paragraph in its Discipline: "Women 
are included in the provisions of the Discipline in regard to the ministry and may 
become candidates for the traveling ministry and be accepted into full member- 
ship in Annual Conferences, by meeting disciphnary requirements." The statis- 
tical report for the Central Conference gave the number of members of Woman's 
Societies as 15,063, a large increase over the conference in 1948. 

This quadrennium has been marked by an interchange of American and African 
visitors for the purposes of study, travel, conferences, and fellowship. The names 
of bishops and other churchmen and women, delegates to conferences. Christian 
tourists, students, and members of study commissions who have visited Africa are 
too numerous to list. It is, however, of special interest and concern for Christian 
groups that at present there are at least 1,500 African students studying in the 
United States. This interchange of Americans and Africans should result in a better 
understanding of each other's problems, and a more effective ministry of the Church 



Department o£ Work in Foreign Fields 109 

both in the United States and in Africa as it seeks to express the mind of Christ in 
all human relationships. 

During the past four years the Woman's Division has carried on a large 
building program in Africa. Additional residences for African and missionary 
staffs have been built, and living conditions for girls in schools and nurse training 
centers improved. Improvements also have been made in school and hospital 
buildings. 

Missionaries continue to be our greatest need for the work in Africa. The 
reaching of our goals as a missionary church is still, to a large degree, dependent 
upon securing capable, consecrated young missionaries to join the few now on 
the field who by unusual devotion and courage have held the lines and made 
possible the present opportunity for advance. At present, we have ninety-four 
missionaries for the work in Africa but we need twice this number. African 
leadership is developing but the very development of this leadership is dependent 
upon an increased number of missionaries of the highest quality. 

Reports From the Field 
Dlorth Africa 

During the past quadrennium the Woman's Division has made noticeable 
progress throughout the conference, except in the strategic city of Algiers where 
it was necessary to discontinue the work because of lack of personnel. 

Constantine — Good work has been done with the girls and women at the Good- 
all Social Center in the Arab section of the city. The Africa-3's appointed to this 
center have been almost entirely responsible for its activities, and have made a 
splendid contribution to the total program of the church in the city. 

In 1952 the annex to the Gamble Memorial Home for girls was built from 
Week of Prayer offerings. It includes a beautiful chapel which is becoming a 
center for conference-wide gatherings. 

Kabylia — In the mountains among the Kabyle people the Woman's Division 
has work in three centers: II Maten, Fort National, and Les Ouadhias. Our most 
comprehensive program is in II Maten where in 1952 an attractive modern school 
building was erected from Week of Prayer offerings. A new missionary, a French 
schoolteacher, is arriving in September, 1955, to have charge of the school. She 
comes under the auspices of the women of Switzerland who, together with the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service in the United States, will carry her support. 

In 1954 a building, which was to serve as a Social Center for work among 
women and girls, was erected in Fort National near the Boys' Home of the Division 
of World Missions. This enabled the Woman's Division to begin work there on a 
permanent basis. Funds for land and building were supplied by 1952 Week of 
Prayer offerings. 

Les Ouadhias is a small country market town near Fort National where the 
two Divisions are working jointly through a small dispensary and the social-evan- 
gelistic program of the church. This section of Algeria is one of the parts of the 
country most open to the gospel. From it a large percentage of our church mem- 
bers have come. A Woman's Division Missionary residence is being built there. 

Tunis — The newest work of the Woman's Division in North Africa is at Tunis. 
In 1952 two missionaries were appointed to social-evangelistic work there and in 
November, 1954, the Social-Evangelistic Center was dedicated. The building, 
which houses this center together with an apartment for missionaries, was erected 
from Week of Prayer offerings. 



no Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Angola 

The most outstanding advance in the work in Angola during this quadrennium 
has been the beginning of work in Luanda, the capital and port city of the country. 
For many years the Woman's Division had planned to join the Division of World 
Missions in developing a Social-Evangelistic Center. Funds from the Advance 
were allocated for the center and for a missionary residence, but lack of personnel 
delayed our entrance until late in 1952 when a new regular missionary nurse and 
an A-3 became available. 

As yet, no new buildings have been erected and little equipment has been 
purchased, although money has been allocated for both purposes. It was thought 
wise to develop a program before building. As in Christian centers in other parts of 
Africa south of the Sahara, efforts are made to help the African people in the city 
adjust to a strange life and to correlate this new life with that of the village. Mis- 
sionaries and African Christians are working together in the development of this 
project. 

Quessua is one of our oldest mission stations in Africa. Woman's work was 
begun there in 1899. Today the Woman's Division carries on its activities through 
a Girls' School, a kindergarten and elementary school, a hospital, and a nurses' 
training school. 

The purpose of the Girls' School through the years has been to prepare girls 
to be Christian leaders in their villages. During the past years increasing emphasis 
has been placed on scholastic training which has resulted in an increasing number 
of girls continuing longer in schools. In 1952 fifteen of the twenty-two 
Africans teaching in the Girls' School were graduates of the mission school. 

During the past four years three residences for African teachers have been 
constructed in Quessua. The dilapidated condition of the present residence makes 
a new building necessary. Plans have been approved and we hope funds will soon 
be available. 

Belgian Congo — Central Conference 

In the Central Belgian Congo the Woman's Division is at work in Wembo 
Nyama, Tunda, Minga stations and districts, in cooperation with the Division of 
World Missions. Lack of personnel prevents answering the urgent request to begin 
work at Katako Kombe and Kindu where for the time being we are able to do little 
more than help in the dispensaries in some out-stations. We are under-staffed 
even on the main stations, and missionaries are postponing their furloughs in order 
to keep the medical and educational work going. 

Two of the most encouraging trends of our work in this conference are the 
increasing concern for the development of girls and women and the development 
of African leaders in the church. During the past year three forward steps have 
been made: the election of African district superintendents; an Annual Youth 
Conference; and an Annual Meeting of the Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Three African women and two missionaries from each station met at Minga 
from April 4-7, 1955, for the woman's annual meeting. The theme was "That They 
May Have Life" and Colossians 3 was the basis for all of the devotions. There were 
both an African and a missionary president, but the African took as much of the 
leadership as she could. The subject for the addresses was "The Christian Home and 
Christian Village." Characteristics of a Christian home and ways in which that 
home could influence the village were discussed. The African women felt that 
though there was only one Christian family in the village, that family could make its 
influence felt in the following ways: through living quietly together and respecting 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 111 

each other; by working for the good of all, not just their particular family; by 
their uplifting conversation, courage, loyalty; and by Christianizing the funeral 
customs. 

While httle progress has been made in the building program during the past 
four years, some cottage dormitories were built for the Girls' Homes in the major 
stations. In 1952, Week of Prayer funds were given for improving the Girls' Home 
in Lodja, and some of the cottages have been completed. In 1954 a new school 
of home economics was opened with a small enrollment in temporary buildings. 
A new building is planned. 

We are happy to report some progress in the development of the LamhuDi 
Memorial Hospital. The Maternity Wing has been completed and recently dedi- 
cated. 

Belgian Congo — Southern Conference 

The following excerpts from the field report, 1954, describe recent developments 
in the Southern Belgian Congo Conference. 

In August, 1952, we moved into the woman's residence in Kenya, a 
suburb of the African city of Elisabethville, now having a population of 
120,000. This residence for missionaries and single African women teachers 
accommodates twenty-two. It was started as a means of giving protec- 
tion to the girls teaching in the school who were remaining single for a few 
years longer than was customary. The work of the home is shared by 
the missionaries and African teachers. Many valuable lessons in house- 
keeping, cooking, and the still more important matters of democratic living 
are learned in the process. 

The latest building to be added to the Woman's Division property in 
Elisabethville is the dormitory for the Normal School girls. It is built 
next door to the woman's residence in Kenya and has space for two mis- 
sionaries, two African teachers, and forty-six girls. Plans are now pending 
for classrooms for the Normal School on this same Kenya property. 

The women who were former students in our school give us the most 
courage in going on with the work in Elisabethville. They are taking their 
places in the church and the community in a way that is truly remarkable 
for young women in Africa. 

We are grateful for the way in which the Woman's Division is mov- 
ing into the vast opportunities open for the advancement of God's King- 
dom in Southern Congo. There is a real need for a junior high school 
for the girls who are finishing at an earlier age now. 

In 1953 work was begun in Kapanga, an interior station serving a large 
and thickly populated rural area where together with the Division of World 
Missions we havQ built a good medical center. A new hospital was com- 
pleted and relatively well equipped as well as a residence for missionaries. 
Improvements are being made in the girls' dining hall. The African girls 
are eager for schooling and an adequate dining hall will be a useful tool 
for many types of learning. Unfortunately, for a time, there were no 
Woman's Division missionaries in the station, but this year the teacher 
has returned and one of the nurses is expected back from furlough and study 
in Belgium. Not only are more missionaries needed to strengthen the 
medical and the educational work, but also to begin social-evangelistic 
work among women and girls. 



112 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Liberia 

The Woman's Division has been working in Liberia since October, 1950. In 
the city of Monrovia the first unit of a hostel for girls who attend the College 
of West Africa (Division of World Missions) was completed in 1953, erected with 
money from the Week of Prayer offerings. Two missionaries are working together 
with the African staff and girls to create a Christian home for those who come 
into the city to study. Two A-3's are scheduled to leave for Liberia in September, 
1955, to work in the College of West Africa and the hostel. This will make it 
possible for one of the regular missionaries to take her furlough, and help fill 
the gap made by the recent departure of a third missionary because of ill health. 
Already the present hostel building is full to capacity and a second unit is now 
under construction. A residence for the missionary staff has been completed 
and furnished this year. 

The Woman's Division is also at work in Ganta, our largest interior station 
in Liberia. In 1952 two missionary nurses who had served in China were assigned 
there to work with the Division of World Missions staff. They arrived on the field 
prepared to open a school for training nurses, but soon learned there were too 
few girls with sufficient education for this. First, it would be necessary to stress 
the education of girls and to this end a home for girls is essential. Plans for a 
Girls' Hostel in Ganta have been approved, and materials are being prepared for 
the building. During the year a residence was built for the missionaries. Both 
of these buildings are financed by Week of Prayer offerings. A staff house also 
has been completed. 

A new regular missionary nurse for Ganta arrived in 1954. We hope to find 
a qualified Liberian woman to direct the hostel by the time it is completed. Already 
ten girls are living in the nurses' home and attending the station school. An urgent 
request comes from the field for a home for girls at Gbarnga, another interior rural 
station where the Division of World Missions is at work. 

Mozambique 

The Woman's Division is working in two stations, Gikuki and Kambini, in 
Mozambique, Portuguese East Africa, with a force of eight missionaries. In Gikuki 
the work centers in the Hartzell Girls' School and in the Mission Hospital. The 
enrollment is approximately 900, with as many boys as girls. New cottage dormi- 
tories for girls have recently been built and plans are ready for a greatly needed 
school building. At Kambini a new building in connection with the Keyes Memorial 
School has been made possible by a gift of money from a friend in Colorado and 
by other funds held by the Woman's Division. 

Excerpts from Miss Ruth Northcott's report, 1954, describe some phases of 
our work and the needs in Mozambique: 

After many years of faithful service at Gikuki, building up a huge 
clinic work and helping in the practical training of the nurses. Dr. Charles 
J. Stauffacher was transferred to Kambini. A Portuguese doctor filled 
the vacancy at Gikuki for three years, after which he resigned. Since then 
all the work of the hospital clinic, maternity, and the training class for 
nurses has been carried on by Woman's Division missionaries. This is a 
heavy load for the three nurses, heavier still during furlough times when 
there are only two. The government doctor comes on call when he can, 
from a distance of about twenty miles. Surgical and other serious cases 
are taken to him in the hospital car. 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 113 

Since the establishment of the Woman's Division work at Kambini, 
much progress has been made among the women. 

There are really three groups of women served, the wives of the 
evangehsts and theological students in training being of two distinct cate- 
gories. Some never had school privileges and must be taught to read and 
write. Sewing and cooking lessons add interest to this sometimes tedious 
program. Happier families are the result of these simple beginnings of 
home economics. 

In the other category, the wives are former Hartzell School girls. They 
know how to read and write and sew. Now they are learning how to teach 
others. In the hteracy work with the other group they do much of the 
instruction, which, of course, is excellent preparation for their work as 
pastors' wives in the villages. 

The third group being helped is a class of elderly women of the neigh- 
borhood. This is almost entirely a spiritual service, but it has real fruit. 

There is a desperate need for medical missionaries in Mozambique; 
the Board of Missions is being urged to find both doctors and nurses as 
quickly as possible. We must try also to find someone to continue the work 
among the women at Kambini, so effectively done by Miss Ruth Thomas 
whose retirement will soon be due. 

Southern Rhodesia 

The Woman's Division has a larger work and more missionaries in Southern 
Rhodesia than in any other country in Africa. Established many years ago, the 
work in Old Umtali, Umtali, Mutambara and Nyadiri has been largely educational 
and medical, but now we are emphasizing social-evangehstic work as well. 

Education in Southern Rhodesia is largely under the missions with government 
cooperation through a grant-in-aid system. In Nyadiri and Mutambara, the 
Woman's Division conducts the boarding and home economics departments for girls 
and cooperates with the Division of World Missions in the educational work of the 
station schools. In Old Umtali two Divisions are jointly responsible for con- 
ducting the only secondary school of The Methodist Church in Africa. It corres- 
ponds approximately to high schools in the United States. Another joint project 
is the Teacher-Training School at Old Umtali which is largely the source for teachers 
in our mission and village schools. 

A much needed Domestic Science building is being erected in Nyadiri from 
Week of Prayer funds. As a part of the medical work at Mutambara the Mother 
Hughes Memorial Center for women and children has been built from funds 
provided by a friend in Kansas and the Woman's Division. This new building was 
dedicated November 7, 1954. Progress also is being made in improving the Wash- 
burn Memorial Hospital at Nyadiri. Floors and foundations for the Hospital 
Nursing Unit have been completed, and the brick work started on all walls. 

The African Girls' Hostel at Umtali is being enlarged to include a hall for 
social-evangehstic activities, as well as more dormitory space. During the recent 
visit of Bishop and Mrs. Richard C. Raines to Umtah, Bishop Raines laid the 
cornerstone of the new Hall while Mrs. Raines gave the address. The Hall is 
named for Miss Sallie Lou MacKinnon. Funds for this building program come from 
Week of Prayer offerings. 

The newest development in the work of the Woman's Division in Southern 
Rhodesia is its cooperation with the Division of World Missions in opening a 
Christian Center in Umtali. The building has been finished and dedicated. This 



114 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

center is closely connected with Hilltop Church which, due to the large participation 
of African Christians, occupies an influential position in relation to the other Meth- 
odist churches in the country. 

Europe 

The Geneva Area, being composed of nine countries— North Africa, Austria, 
Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Rumania, and Switzerland — 
represents a long geographical line. The strength, size and vigor of The Methodist 
Church varies from country to country. 

Switzerland has a very strong organization with excellent institutions in which 
five hundred deaconesses are serving. The Conference Woman's Society supports a 
number of missionaries jointly with the Woman's Division in the United States. 

Belgium, though being numerically small, is easily the pilot church of several 
Protestant groups working there. 

The Geneva Area has for many years been under the jurisdiction of an 
American Bishop. Since 1952 Bishop Arthur J. Moore has been serving in this 
capacity, and in October, 1954 he presided over the Central Conference held in 
Brussels, Belgium. Acting under the authority of the General Conference of 1952, 
a European Bishop was elected at the Brussels Conference. He was Dr. Ferdinand 
Sigg from Switzerland. 

The work of the women of the church was given great emphasis at this Central 
Conference. Miss Sallie Lou MacKinnon and I were present to witness the organ- 
ization of a strong committee on Women's Work, which will have its permanent mem- 
bership on an Area Committee that gives day by day direction to work of the church 
in several countries. 

Even though the Woman's Division does not have any missionaries in Europe 
at present and makes small appropriations only to Bulgaria and Poland, this area 
of the world presents a real challenge to us. Bishop Moore said recently that he 
considers this one of the great opportunities of the church. He pointed out the 
fact that a few American women, sent to these countries as missionaries, could 
render a magnificent service in training European women for leadership in the 
church. 



THINGS TO DO 

1. Underscore the places where Week of Prayer offerings were 
used for new buildings as mentioned in all the reports. 

2. Check the number of cooperative projects carried on by the 
Woman's Division and the Division of World Missions. 

3. Note the types of work in the various countries, including the 
United States. 

4. Discuss the great need for more deaconesses and missionaries 
as revealed in all the reports. 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 115 

India and Pakistan 

By Miss Lucile Coloxy, Executive Secretary 

India 
The Setting for Christian Work 

DR. HAROLD N. BREWSTER, medical secretary of the Board of Missions, 
and Mrs. Brewster visited India this year. Reporting on the general situa- 
tion Dr. Brewster was "impressed with the progress which the Indian gov- 
ernment is making in achieving economic improvement for her people." The 
degree of political stability through democratic methods, he feels, is one of the 
astonishingly bright details of the current world picture. He said, "Of all the 
countries of Asia, I feel that India is now safest from 'going communist.' The peo- 
ple feel that this government is concerned about their welfare and is working to 
better their lot in life." 

As far as missionary service is concerned, this is a time when the missionary 
has a sense of insecurity and suffers somewhat from a popular propaganda against 
him and his witness. Attempting to evaluate this situation, Dr. Brewster stated: 

A time of difficulty is a time for restudy and reappraisal. Perhaps we 
need to ask ourselves some questions and seek true, objective answers. 

Is God using this means to challenge us to restudy the role of mis- 
sionaries in relation to Indian Christians and co-workers on the one hand 
and toward the non-Christian community on the other? To many Chris- 
tians and non-Christians, mis.sionaries represent vestiges of colonialism 
and imperialism. They are asking whj^, if the Indian government has 
managed to get rid of nearly all of its foreign administrators and all of 
the foreign rulers, the Indian Church cannot do likewise? 

Is the Lord using the government attitude to say to us, "One hundred 
3'ears is long enough for American and European missionaries to play lead- 
ing roles in the church of India?" Is He saying to us, "You have been too 
slow to turn over responsibility?" 

If these thoughtful questions are what God is asking, it is good to know there 
is a most serious search to answer them with utmost honesty. A group in one 
annual conference replies, "A growing restlessness has touched the church to speed 
the emergence of leadership. Increasingly the shape of the organization of the 
church is forming around national responsibility and decreasing dependence on 
the money and missionaries of other countries. Both are welcomed as the visible 
proof of a world church and a means of increasing strength. But neither are de- 
manded as the conditions of existence." 

Opposition is not only against the missionary but against Indian Christians as 
well. None of this is from Central Government sources but from conservative 
sects within Hinduism who are striving for revival of their ancient faith. They 
are on the alert. They sometimes misinterpret a Christian program or demonstra- 
tion as being antinational at heart. 

Many of the outstanding Christians believe this is not merely a time of test- 
ing, but a time in which the church membership is coming into greater maturity 
and a deeper understanding of its faith as it proclaims and defends it. It is a 
spiritual experience to talk with responsible Indian Christian men and women 
on the subject of whether American churches should continue to send missionaries to 



116 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

India. Invariably they reply that Christianity knows nothing of geographical or 
racial barriers; that in India this must continue to be made known by Christians 
from lands working together. Yet there are two requests they make: first, that 
missionaries should not expect places of leadership except as it is given to them by 
their Indian colleagues; and, more fundamentally, that they should be well grounded 
in Christian experience. "Send us young people who have a knowledge of the 
Bible and their faith, and whose spiritual life will be a blessing and witness 
among us." 

There is no political ban against the admission of missionaries. In fact, there 
are several thousand missionaries in India. Published statements indicate that 
visas will be granted only to persons who possess outstanding qualifications or 
speciahzed experience in areas of work for which Indians are not available. Further, 
"Missionaries already in India will not ordinarily be disturbed unless they indulge 
in anti-national activities." 

"Those who have been working in India for a period of five years or more 
will normally be eligible for readmission and to the grant of 'No objection to 
return to India' endorsement, if they leave the country with the intention of re- 
turning to India." 

A final dictum is, "Foreign missions or societies working in India will not be 
able to open a new branch or institution in India without prior permission of the 
government." 

Since 1952 only one apphcation for a visa, requested by the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service, has been refused. The number of new missionaries sent, how- 
ever, has been small. 

Active Missionaries for India 

1952—146 

1953—122 (First I-3's completed term) 

1954 — 126 (Six transferred from China) 

1955—133 (Six from China) 

During the year fifteen visas have been authorized, twelve of these for mis- 
sionaries returning to India after furlough. 

Calls for Missionaries Continue 

While there is a frank admission that Indian leadership must increase, yet 
requests continue to be made through Field Committees for missionaries. An 
Indian surgeon, superintendent of a hospital, asks for a missionary laboratory 
technician. An Indian principal of a Teachers' College wants two missionaries, 
one to teach art and home economics, the other to teach experimental psychology. 
She would like a librarian also. Another Indian principal pleads for a missionary to 
help in the teaching work of a large co-educational high school. An evangelist 
asks for a supervisor of village schools. A tuberculosis sanatorium wants a public 
health nurse and an occupational therapist. The list of needs could be multiplied, 
but this illustrates the fact that every conference expectantly requests the American 
church to send missionaries. 

The Woman's Society of Christian Service 

One evening in the year 1939, while sitting on the veranda of Rosha- 
nara Cottage at Sat Tal (Dr. E. Stanley Jones' Ashram estate), I 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 117 

noticed a tiny red speck on a distant hill. In a few minutes it spread. 
Soon it was a roaring forest fire. Before long the whole hillside was ablaze 
with the bright light of the flames. Helpers with lanterns and petrolmaxes 
rushed from all directions to control the fury of this brilliant fire. But it 
continued to spread. 

Such has been the nature of the Woman's Society of Christian Serv- 
ice. It has caught fire in India and is spreading fast. 

With these sentences a national officer of the Society in India graphically 
suggests the rapid growth of the Woman's Society of Christian Service. A few 
figures substantiate her account. 



Year 


Number of Societies 


Membership 


Income 




Urban 


Rural 






1946 


65 


118 


3,117 


Rupees 7,932 


1947 


69 


125 


3,227 




' 6,613 


1948 


75 


233 


4,290 




8,114 


1949 


83 


241 


5,038 




' 9,188 


1950 


86 


292 


6,048 




' 9,932 


1951 


89 


305 


7,564 




' 10,754 


1952 


92 


377 


8,692 




' 11,969 


1953 


96 


391 


9,255 




' 12,224 


(Incomplete) 1954 


100 


480 


10,813 




' 15,746 



These women hold village institutes and rallies for inspiration and leadership 
training; conferences and conventions for city members. They promote the 
Christian Home Movement, temperance, clean-up campaign, adult literacy, evan- 
gelistic programs, home visitation, and support the Warne Baby Fold as well as 
participating in a home mission project. 

Neu) President, Isabella Thoburn College 

To succeed a magnificent personality hke Miss Sarah Chakko, who was recog- 
nized throughout the Christian world for her great depth of character, abilities, 
and true humility, requires courage and sincere dedication. Such a one was in- 
augurated president of the college on August 19, 1955. She is Miss Evangeline 
Mutharmnah Thillayampalam, M.A., M.S., Ph.D. Better than all her academic 
degrees is the fact that she has had wide administrative experience, and possesses 
the warm human qualities of good humor and joy in working with others. 



The Work Advances 
Teacher Training 

Several years ago the undergraduate teacher-training classes at the Isabella 
Thoburn College were closed, as a result of a change in educational policies in the 
State. This made it practically impossible for high-school graduates in Northern 
India to prepare themselves to teach. Consequently Christian elementary schools 
have felt the loss of qualified- teachers. Knowing an answer must be found, the 
Lai Bagh Higher Secondary School (Junior College) added one more section to 
its already overcrowded program. This is the Certificate Teachers' Training course. 
At Lai Bagh today there are the following departments, each in its separate build- 
ing: Nursery and Kindergarten; Primary and Middle School; High School; Teacher 
Training; and Junior College of Home Economics. The principal of this cluster 



118 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

of schools and six of her colleagues are Crusade Scholars with American degrees. 
What would Isabella Thoburn think today of the Lai Bagh she knew in 1870, when 
she opened the first humble boarding school there for girls? 

Graduate students are given teacher training at the Training Institute for 
Women, Jabalpur, as of Jul}^, 1955. 

According to the most recent survey of literacy, in the important age group 
of 10-24 years, 23 per cent are now literate. For all ages literacy has increased 
4.4 per cent since 1941. To cope with this increased demand for an education, we 
rejoice that Methodist women are training teachers in six Methodist schools and 
colleges, and participate in two other interdenominational normal schools. 

ISew Buildings 

''Medical work in India is like a man who has been starved so long he doesn't 
know how to ask for food," said an American reporter. "You have excellent doc- 
tors but you give them nothing to work with," said another adviser. These com- 
ments are painful because they are true. Not one of the hospitals or medical col- 
leges has the supplies, equipment, buildings, or personnel that would be required 
in a Western land. Whenever we are able to send drugs and equipment we rejoice. 
This year a mobile van, an X-ray, some drugs, and medical books have been sent. 
A number of new buildings have been completed or are in the process of being built. 

At the Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, a new 500 bed hospital, staff 
houses, and dormitories are being built. At Puntamba a small hospital and opera- 
tion theater have been completed. One unit of a new rural hospital at Yadgiri and 
a woman's residence are under construction. At Creighton-Freeman Hospital, 
Vrindaban, a maternity ward, classrooms, and nurses' residence are new. The 
Union Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Madar, has a new surgical ward, still without 
equipment, and a recreational center as well as a new line of homes for the em- 
ployed staff. Ellen Thoburn Cowen Memorial Hospital, Kolar, has a new ward for 
men and an out-patient department building. 

Several village clinics have been opened. The most recent is in the Belgaum 
district, directed by a Crusade Scholar medical doctor, who has her degree in Public 
Health from Harvard University. 

Nursery school buildings have been erected at Lai Bagh and in Jabalpur. 
Land for a Christian center in the city of Batala has been purchased. The hope 
is that the Woman's Division will build a school and a residence, and the Division 
of World Missions a church and parsonage here. 

Literature 

Christian literature is making progress under the inspiring leadership of per- 
sons at the Lucknow Publishing House and a few other persons in various confer- 
ences. 

Centenary Forward Movement 

The Methodist Church in Southern Asia is holding a Week of Dedication, 
September 19-25, 1955, in preparation for the Centenary in 1956. Methodists 
are called to pray in thanksgiving to God for ''all the opportunities still open for 
making Christ known, and for the evidence of increased desire to witness for 
Christ in new directions and by new methods." The goals of the movement are: 1) 
to recruit 250 young men for the ministry during the next quadrennium; 2) to 
receive into full church membership 100,000 probationers; 3) to raise 100,000 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 119 

rupees to endow a chair in an American university to teach Indian life and cul- 
ture; 4) to contribute money for mechcal scholarships and to support medical 
dispensaries; 5) to provide 25,000 rupees for the United Christian Medical Mission 
to Nepal; 6) to place a Centenary Bible and a Christian picture in every Methodist 
home; and 7) to endeavor to help every church member rededicate himself and 
his family to God. 

Spiritual Life 

The first section of this report may raise a question of the power of the church 
to prosper in an atmosphere where there is a growing antagonism against it. It 
was founded by One who said, "In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of 
good cheer; I have overcome the world." It goes forward with new strength in 
a time of conflict. 

Consider the thoughtful report from one area of the Indian Methodist church. 
"It can be told with joy and humility that the church is indeed assuming increas- 
ing influence in the life of India. The force of the church is being felt: 

Hands laid on new members under a canvas roof in a small mud- 
walled mohalla. 

Coins placed on an open Bible in a tiny chapel under the sign reading 
in Hindi, "Ye are the light of the world." 

A pastor pedaling his cycle in the noonday heat, his white box of 
Communion elements tied securel.y to his luggage carrier. 

. . . Three hundred children at a sunrise service in the north, and 3,000 
singing villagers in a Christian jungle camp in the south. 

. . . God is touching individuals. 

The days of the Mass Movement served their purpose as God used 
them to multiply His flock in amazing numbers. Today God is speaking 
through His people in a different way, and individuals are stepping out 
of old wa3's of life in response. Old patterns are disintegrating rapidly, 
roots are being destroj^ed as the machine-fed city, like iron-filings in a 
magnetic field, attracts villagers by the thousands. The individual, torn 
out of the ancient group security in his search for a new learning and life, 
is asking with desperate earnestness for final meaning. 

"The Indian church has its roots deep in the life of India and deep in the 
life of the world church. . . . There is a new respect for Christianity. . . . This 
respect is found in a new attitude toward the Christian faith by both the Christian 
and the non-Christian. It is found in the halls of parliament in a renewal of 
carefully modulated speeches of appreciation for the work of the Christian church. 
It is found as Christian leaders defend the Christian position with brilliant legal 
analysis and warmly contagious spiritual testimony." 

Pakistan 

The National Scene 

Letters from Pakistan speak of the general pohtical picture being confused, 
and yet there is continued optimism on the part of Christian people. Members 
of the Indus River Conference report: "The political, social, and economic unrest 
in the country has shaken the faith of the common man who expected his new 
Islamic State to provide him with security. Since corruption has increased greatly, 
the integrity of many of the leaders is questioned, This provides an opportunity 



120 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

for the church to win people by demonstrating that Christianity produces an 
integrity of character not commonly found in Islam. The Muslim attitude toward 
women is being seriously challenged even by Mushms. The church has an oppor- 
tunity to demonstrate what a truly Christian home can be, and to develop an 
active Christian Home program." 

Christian Activities 

Opportunity and inadequacy are the key words of the Christian work in Pakis- 
tan today. If Spirit-empowered persons, well-trained and ready for Christian serv- 
ice, were available in adequate numbers, and could be assigned to all phases of the 
work now without leadership, and were given adequate funds for maintaining it, this 
vast opportunity for Christian service now open to the church would not go un- 
claimed. Pakistan is the only Muslim land where Christian witness is given com- 
plete freedom of expression. On the one hand doors are wide open, on the other 
hand too limited resources of human personahty and commitment and funds are 
available for entering into these opportunities. 

The evangelistic witness is very limited. We have only one missionary of 
the Woman's Division of Christian Service assigned full-time to evangelistic work. 
Village centers, to promote programs that tackle all the problems of any village 
group, are almost completely lacking. Just one Christian village has a rural dis- 
pensary in it. Too little is done in village education and literacy work. The whole 
problem of illiteracy calls for serious attention. 

Training for Christian leadership among the laymen of the church is an 
area needing attention. There is only one Protestant theological school in Pakistan. 
There is need for a School of Religious Education and for a center for the training 
of workers in rural areas. Annual institutes, to strengthen the spiritual life of 
Christians, are held and are very excellent. They are well attended and have a 
profound influence on the lives of both Christians and non-Christian friends who 
join the crowds and listen with interest. 

Educational Work 

Kinnaird College for Women is one of the splendid union Christian colleges 
given to the countries of Asia by Christian women in the United States, Canada, 
and Great Britain. These colleges have been the most powerful contributing force 
in the emergence of womanhood, and continue a radiant witness to the meaning 
of Christian hfe to the nations in which they serve. 

Dr. Helen Ferris, Miss Elsie Reik, and Miss Jean Robe are missionaries of 
the Woman's Division who teach at Kinnaird. All three are due furlough in the 
next year or two, and no other Methodist missionary is ready to join the college 
faculty. 

Lucie Harrison Girls' High School is touching the lives of hundreds of boys 
and girls. It is worthy of the highest standards of Christian education. Miss 
Margaret Boss and Miss Mary Winn cooperate loyally with the principal, Miss 
Mabel Dean, Pakistani Crusade Scholar with a Master's degree from George Pea- 
body College for Teachers, Nashville, Tennessee. 

At the beginning of the 1952-1956 quadrennium it was decided to strengthen 
Methodist work in Karachi, the capital city, by building a high school for girls. 
Classes have begun in temporary buildings. Negotiations are in progress to pur- 
chase land. This will be the only Protestant high school in Karachi where the 
population is more than a million and a half and the Christians number in the 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 121 

hundreds. Miss Constance Blackstock and Miss Earline Hart are devoting them- 
selves to this project. 

Miss Evelyn Weaver, deaconess, has been transferred from the Department 
of Work in Home Fields to Lahore for evangehstic work. Miss Wynell Jordan 
has gone to Karachi for work among young people, through the Methodist church 
in that city. Both are P-3's, short-term workers, and both are deeply appreciated 
as new recruits. 

Miss Anna Buyers, R.N., serves more than a dual function. She is both evan- 
gelist and public health nurse, and Field Correspondent for the conference. 

Medical Work 

The United Christian Hospital grew out of the emergency during the riots at 
the time of partition. It has become the most outstanding hospital in the land 
and ranks next to Vellore in quality. Staff residences and a tuberculosis unit are 
greatly needed. More subsidy is needed for poor patients. It is hoped the hospital 
may be able to purchase its buildings and the surrounding campus, on which it has 
functioned for eight years through the great courtesy and generosity of the Forman 
Christian College. 

United Christian Mission to Nepal 

The first official report of the work in Nepal was published in April, 1955. The 
work, at the present writing, is a year and a half old and is carried on in two 
valleys, touching the lives of hundreds in three cities and a number of villages. 
The introductory statement to the report reveals the spirit in which the United 
Medical Mission to Nepal has been undertaken by the National Christian Council 
of India. 

These minutes are sent forth with confidence that they record a 
movement initiated and guided by God's Holy Spirit. The United Chris- 
tian Mission to Nepal was not established on impulse but in response to 
a conviction that grew during many tests. The people of Nepal are 
God's people. They have every right to know the redeeming grace of 
God shed abroad in human hearts through Jesus Christ. Their birthright 
ae members of the human family includes access to the Holy Scriptures 
which so long have been denied most of them. 

Statistics show the response of the people to the medical service given. In the 
Kathmandu area, within the first few months, 16,154 were given treatment. In 
Tansen 2,150 received attention during the period from September, 1954 to March 
31, 1955. 

The httle group of nurses, laboratory technician, business manager, and evan- 
gelist in Kathmandu and Bhotgaon possess the quality of first century Christians. 
In a pioneer task, amid people who never before heard of Christ or knew those 
who went forth in His name, they have become a small "church," closely united in 
prayer and fellowship. For several months they have been without a doctor. At 
this writing Creighton-Freeman Hospital, Vrindaban, has sent Dr. Nalathamby for 
six months. The experience of carrying on without a doctor has deepened the sense 
of dependence upon praj'er. More personnel will be the answer to those prayers. 

The program will expand as more workers are found. Schools, adult hteracy, 
the revision of the Nepali Bible are first on the program for the immediate future 
of the Christian Mission to Nepal. This total program, a tiny witness in a neglected 
land, needs the prayers of Christians everywhere. 



122 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Japan and Korea 

By Miss Margaret Billingsley, Executive Secretary 

THE theme of this Annual Report, "The Fruits of Discipleship," could be in- 
terpreted to mean visible "fruits" such as buildings and statistics. In the 

evaluation of the year's work, these are important, but the most lasting and 
far-reaching results cannot be tabulated in figures. The intangible fruits revealed 
in the lives of people as individuals and as groups bring the greatest rewards. 
When Jesus left the earth He left nothing behind Him but a group of people- 
people with a new hfe to share. Because they did share, the Church has grown 
and expanded until today there are Christians in almost every country of the 
world, though in many places only a very few. 

One of the greatest fruits for which we are thankful is that many of the 
so-called "mission churches" have developed into indigenous churches with the 
leadership in the hands of the people of the country. Pastors of churches, heads 
of schools, and medical superintendents in the hospitals are nationals. This does 
not mean that missionaries are not needed, but they are required to play a different 
role — humbler and less spectacular — but more far-reaching, and perhaps more 
costly. As we look at some of the visible fruits of discipleship in Japan and 
Korea, let us not forget those deeper, more satisfying, and more revolutionary 
results which cannot be lifted out and which cannot be seen. 

Japan 

The fruits of the Christian ministry in Japan must be evaluated in the light 
of the developing Japanese scene. A very vocal press is more of a molding force 
than our American press because large groups accept unquestioningly the opinions 
advanced in the newspapers they read. The press, discussion groups, and political 
activity indicate that the central issue today in Japan is the slowly rising tide of 
national self-assertion. Though some anti-Americanism has developed, basically, 
except for the left wing group, Japanese sentiment is friendly. However, they do 
want to feel that they are entirely free to chart their own future and its com- 
mitments. 

Recent studies indicate that Buddhism and Shintoism are showing new strength 
and appeal. Also a great flood of new non-Christian sects have appeared. By 
1951 a total of 720 such groups with a combined membership of over six million 
were working in Japan. The Protestant Christian group has not made spectacular 
strides but it has made "steady progress." One outstanding event of the recent 
months in Protestant circles was the publication of a new translation of the entire 
Bible, making it more intelligible to those who so earnestly read it. 

The Woman's Division of Christian Service works within the framework of 
the United Church in Japan (Kyodan), which has almost two thirds of the 
Protestant membership in Japan within its fold. Last year it experienced an 
average of 6 per cent increase as over against an average of less than 4 per cent 
in the older religions. 

At the General Conference in the fall of 1954, the spirit of unity in the 
United Church was very marked. The adoption of the creed, a creed which was 
agreed upon after years of study and discussion of the differences which historically 
separate the church, was a real spiritual experience. The General Conference also 
adopted unanimously a Covenant and launched a Home Missions Board. This 
board is to care for the ongoing work of the church and help needy churches, thus 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 123 

releasing mission funds for pioneer projects, rural evangelism, special evangelistic 
campaigns, and for church building. In connection with the 100th Anniversary of 
the coming of the first Protestant missionaries to Japan, which is to be celebrated 
in 1959, the United Church has planned and begun a five-year evangelistic cam- 
paign. Each year the chief emphasis will be on a different aspect of church 
growth. 

Christian education continues to be one of the most fruitful spheres of work. 
The schools which the church maintains are probably the greatest single evan- 
gelistic asset to the church, bringing thousands into membership every year. New 
buildings at Hiroshima, the new auditorium at Seiwa Training School, and others 
have made the physical plants more adequate. More concern is manifested re- 
garding the importance of increasing the number of Christians on the faculties. 
Except in the schools for training religious workers, very few students are Chris- 
tian when they enter school. There is a tremendous field for evangelism among 
them without any government restrictions. It is difficult to find a sufficient num- 
ber of quahfied Christian teachers, especially in some subjects, hke science, in 
which Christian colleges in Japan do not specialize. It is gratifying that each year 
some of the non-Christian teachers are led to Christ. 

Recently 38 matrons of girls' dormitories and 10 leaders met for three days 
to study the place of the campus dormitory in relation to the Christian program. 
As this was the second such conference made possible by a gift from the Woman's 
Division, it is reported that the participants were more advanced in their think- 
ing and in plans for the devotional program in the dormitories. Due to these 
conferences, the girls living in the dormitories are showing growth in Christian 
leadership. 

The International Christian University grows in interest and spiritual impact. 
Though it has not yet graduated the first class, it is already making a name for 
itself scholastically. The recent addition of an apartment building for single 
women faculty members was a gift from Methodist women. 

Christian education is not confined to the schools, of course. The Christian 
Youth Center in Kobe is making a contribution that cannot easily be measured. 
Youth groups meet there for fellowship and study. The intangibles of such fellow- 
ship, of sleeping, eating, and working together, and the sense of belonging to a 
meaningful group, are evidenced in new courage and determination, new under- 
standing of the Christian life and God's love. A new church camp for the Kobe 
area also gives opportunity for the sharing and fellowship so necessary for the 
upbuilding of the Christian group. 

The Woman's Division shares in the work of pioneer evangelism, rural evan- 
gelism, occupational evangelism, and social-service work. Ai Kei Gakuin in Tokyo 
celebrated twenty-five years of bringing blessing and help to an underprivileged 
area; a missionary in Fukuoka works with the children and people of a fisher- 
man's community; another is pioneering in rural work; and two young women who 
have just completed two years of language study have been appointed to two new 
areas, where no missionary has been stationed before, to work with the churches 
in an evangelistic program. 

Miss Hazel Rippey, trained in Home Economics and appointed a year ago to 
the Nopporo Rural Center in the north of Japan, is working with the rural 
churches in the field of nutrition, canning, and cookery of new foods, such as 
potatoes, which are being introduced into the Japanese diet. She also works with 
the students of the Christian Dairy College, who teach in outljnng Sunday schools; 
with Daily Vacation Bible Schools and youth groups. 



124 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



AVACO is the Christian organization which is promoting the audio-visual 
program of Christian work, including the radio for Christian propaganda. In 
its studios are prepared radio programs for broadcasting to the owners of eleven 
million radio receivers in Japan and visual materials for use by pastors and 
teachers. The paper theater (kamishibac) is used by many teachers and workers 
with children and at least three other countries have adopted it. 

The new missionaries themselves are tangible evidence of progress. Since the 
war, the Woman's Division of Christian Service has sent twenty-five new mission- 
aries (a large number were formerly in China) to Japan, but with marriages, and 
retirement of older missionaries, there are not as many missionaries as four years 
ago. The urgent requests for missionaries far exceed the numbers available. 
Wide varieties of opportunity are open to young women. The Master's words, 
"Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men," ring out today as they have 
through the centuries. 



New Buildings During Quadrennium 
JAPAN 



Fukuoka 

Girls' School — Science and Li- 
brary building 
Kindergarten 
Hirosaki 

Seiai Jo Gakko 

Purchase of land and home for 

teacher's residence 
Home Economics building 
Hiroshima 

Woman's College 
Classroom building 
College gymnasium 
Kagoshime — Kindergarten 
Kobe — ^Youth Center 
Kumamoto — Missionary residence 
Nagasaki 

Kwassui — Junior High School 
building 
School repairs and furnace 
Music classrooms 
Kindergarten 



ISagoya — Kindergarten 
ISishinoniiya 

Seiwa Junior College 

Classroom building and audi- 
torium 
Demonstration Kindergarten 
Woman's dormitory 
Tokyo 

Aoyama Cakuin 

Junior College dormitory and 

missionary apartments 
Dormitory and repair of ele- 
mentary school auditorium 
Japan International Christian 
University 
Apartment building for single 
women faculty members 
Union Theological Seminary 
Woman's dormitory 
Yokohama 
Seibi Cakuin 

Classroom building and pur- 
chase of land 



Korea 

Many visitors to Korea speak of the "apostolic vitality" of the church. The 
story of the disciples in the book of Acts becomes a living reality. Those who 
have gone through great tribulation, whose faith and loyalty have been tried, sing 
with gratitude and praise to God. In seventy short years the Church has had such 
an influence that in spite of hardships and persecution, approximately 5 per cent 
of the population is now Christian. Much of the strength of the Korean church is 
in consecrated, trained leaders. 

The educational work started by missionaries and continued by Korean Chris- 
tians has given the Church strong, well-equipped leaders. Schools, established by 
missionaries with only a few pupils, have grown into institutions with thousands 
of students. This wonderful opportunity for evangelism needs more Christian 
teachers and missionaries or the schools cannot continue to produce Christian 
leaders. Where are the workers who will go and guide these young lives? 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 125 



School 


Students 


Korea 


n Teachers 




Place and Name 


Girls 


Christians 


Total 


Christians Missionaries 




Ichon, Korea 














Yang Chung 














Girls' Mid. Sch... 


451 


402 


17 


17 


1 advisor who 
periodic visits 


makes 


Inchon, Korea 














Yang Wha Girls' 














Prim., Mid. Sch... 


768 


713 


20 


18 


1 advisor who 
periodic visits 


makes 


Seoul, Korea 














Ewha Girls' High 














School 


2,777 


2,300 


101 


46 


1 short-termer 




Pai Wha Girls' 














High School 


1,260 


772 


42 


18 


1 short-termer 




Sootcon, Korea 














Maehuang Girls' 














Middle School . . . 


516 


202 


15 


13 


1 advisor who 

periodic visits 


makes 


Taejon, Korea 














Holston Girls' 














Middle School . . . 


418 


185 


14 


11 


1 short-termer 





Kindergarten Training has brought forth a great abundance of fruit, sending 
Christian young women into all areas of Korea to train children and parents in 
church-related kindergartens. The one training school at Ewha University in Seoul 
has not been able to meet the increasing demand for teachers. This year a new 
school was opened in Taejon. Last April young women started their training in 
temporary buildings under the leadership of Miss Clara Howard and her fellow 
Korean teachers. 

Dr. Harold Brewster, Medical Secretary of the Board of Missions, recently 
visited Korea. He reports progress and great needs in the medical field. Severance 
Hospital, with the aid of the cooperating mission boards in America, and with a 
gift from the Army, is constructing a large chest unit on the new location near 
Chosen Christian University. Severance Medical School and Chosen Christian 
University have united into one school for higher learning. Severance School of 
Nursing is requesting a greatly needed building for the nurses who have been 
living under crowded, primitive, makeshift conditions since their former home was 
destroyed. 

Dr. Barbara Moss reports from the Methodist Hospital in Inchon: "Every- 
one is famihar with the picture of a big overgrown boy in his late teens, fairly 
bursting at the seams, eager to be considered grown up, but still retaining many 
of his childlike ways. That to a large extent describes what has happened to the 
Inchon Methodist Hospital during the past year. After twenty years as an out- 
patient dispensary with twelve beds, all of a sudden it grew into a thirty-eight-bed 
hospital with a laboratory, autoclave house, storehouse, with not an inch of space 
left for expansion, but as yet retaining many of the characteristics of a dispensary. 

"However, we are growing up to fit our new role. During the past year we 
had approximately 60,000 patient visits. Two doctors, three nurses, and one 
nurse's aid have been added to the staff. We have a kitchen for the in-patient 
department with a cook. That means we have been able to dispense with the 
little charcoal burners and pots and pans in each patient's room. Formerly, a 



126 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

member of the patient's family lived with the patient in the sickroom and cooked 
the meals. 

"Two years ago there was literally nothing here to answer the description of 
a hosi^ital, except for an X-ray machine without film, a microscope which had 
never been used, and a devoted staff doing the best they knew how with what 
they had." 

In Taejon and Pusan, clinics are held in connection with Community Centers 
and in outlying areas; in Kangneung medical work reaches the villages under the 
supervision of Miss Gledhill and a young Korean woman doctor who is working 
with her. Approval has been given by the Woman's Division of Christian Service 
and the Division of World Missions to proceed with plans for a new hospital to 
be erected in Wonju, a large area where there is no hospital. Before the war The 
Methodist Church had five hospitals north of the 38th Parallel, but the "Iron 
Curtain" prevents any connection or even communication with these former insti- 
tutions. 

Christian education through the churches has made great strides forward. 
Dr. Gerald Harvey, on the Board of Education of the Southern California-Arizona 
Conference, during his six months' visit, gave valuable assistance and inspiration 
to the Korean staff and the few missionaries who had been able to give a small 
portion of their time to the religious-education program. Indications of progress 
include: 126 new church schools, with an increased enrollment of approximately 
6,000 members; 118 new Methodist Youth Fellowships, with a total membership 
of 26,820, an increase of 6,687; 38S Vacation Bible Schools, ministering to 48,700 
children. None of this could have been done without the faithful, consecrated 
Korean men and women, who attended the National Leadership Conference and 
20 district conferences with 2,469 persons receiving training. The enthusiasm of 
these groups for training in new aspects of the Christian education program, such 
as Christian Family Life Movement, point to new trends. 

Miss Irma Highbaugh, missionary of the Woman's Division loaned to the 
International Missionary Council, and working as field representative on Home 
and Family Life in Korea, at the invitation of the National Christian Council of 
Korea, attributes her unusual success in Korea to (1) delegates who went to 
Manila to attend the Asian Conference on Home and Family Life and to Miss 
Clara Howard and the Korean leaders who have been working on this program 
for a number of years; (2) the fact that there are trained leaders available in 
Family Life work through the Home Economics and Kindergarten Training De- 
partments of the Christian schools; and (3) the self-confidence of the Christians 
of Korea which is lacking in some of the other countries. 

Outlines for curriculum for kindergarten and youth in the church school have 
been developed. A number of books and manuals have come off the press on such 
subjects as "Administration of Sunday Schools," "Daily Vacation Bible Schools," 
"Children and Prayer," "Bible Stories," "Recreation." 

To meet the growing demand for audio-visual aids, fourteen projectors and 
many filmstrips have been purchased so that each district will be able to have at 
least one slide projector with a number of rehgious filmstrips. Fifteen district 
leaders have been trained in audio-visual workshops. Methodists also participate 
in the interdenominational program under the Korean Christian Council. In 
1954 the two mobile units (one contributed by the Woman's Division) had 250 
showings of religious and educational films to 316,000 people in rural areas. 

As a part of this audio-visual work, the radio station began broadcasting on 
December 15, 1954, bringing a new era in radio ministry. A substantial radio 
audience makes requests for the Bible course given over the air. The Koreans 



Department o£ Work in Foreign Fields 



127 



love good music and i)robably appreciate the programs of fine Christian and 
classical music more than any other one feature. Forty per cent of the time on 
the air is devoted to the Christian message through music, stories, dramas, lectures. 

This station is heard in the southern half of the country. Since the station 
signal reaches 300 miles south, and goes with equal strength that far into the north, 
presumably it reaches the people behind the Curtain. Financial support of the 
Christian radio station by the church in Korea has been slow, but is gaining 
momentum. As evangelistic opportunities are more fully appreciated by more 
Christian groups, they will rally to the support. The station is hoping also to 
increase its sphere of witnessing by adding programs in Chinese and possibly 
JUissian for the millions of these two nations living just bej'ond the borders. 

New work has been opened on the east coast. Mrs. Irene Swinney and Miss 
Marion Kingsley were appointed by Bishop Lew to the new station at Kangneung. 
]\Irs. Swinney writes: '"Villages constantly are calling me. I go charging down the 
road to some church service, passing up a little fishing village tucked in a cove 
of our beautiful coast or a sizeable village across the river, approached only by a 
log foot bridge. In this area, 500 miles long and 100 miles wide, not to mention 
the islands at sea, there is a wonderful natural opportunity to tell of the love of 
God and how He has provided this way for us to show love for one another. 

'"There are so many students at prayer meeting. In fact, the city church 
could easily absorb all my interest and time, but I must remember my villages. 
Maybe you can send someone to do the town work so my heart won't pull me in 
so many different directions at once." 

Community Centers in Taejon, Pusan, and Seoul are ever alert to the needs 
of the people. Tai Wha Christian Community Center in Seoul, the oldest and 
largest of the centers again has been able to open its doors to the eager throngs 



Number of CommlssionGd Missionaries 
in Active Service 



uJAIPAN 

1953-54- 







1954-55 




952-53 






1955-56 








(/) 


IS> 


U) 


0) 


O 


<J 


0) 




V 


!>. 


^ 


^ 


D 


D 


o 


o 


c 


C. 


c 


c 


O 


o 


o 


o 




tf> 


Vt 


tfl 




in 


in 












H 


51 


H 


z 


00 


K 

in 


in 

in 





IKOII^IEA 





953-54 


1954-55 


955-56 




in 
o 

O 






1952-53 




(T) 
O 












o 


O 
00c 


CN? 


'i-S 


— o 


O 


in 




V) 


m 


v> 




u^ 


* — 


±1 


5: 


51 


H 



128 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

in the center of the city. After using the buildings for five years the American 
Army returned them in April, 1955. Extensive rehabilitation is under way and 
activities for people of all ages call for more workers. 

April also marked the opening of the Girl's Christian Hostel in Seoul, where 
thirty-five girls live and work together while they attend various schools in the 
city. 

Two hundred women from all areas gathered for the annual meeting of the 
Woman's Missionary Societij. Reports told of new societies, increased membership, 
observance of Week of Prayer, Mission Sunday, World Day of Prayer, and social- 
service projects. Daily Bible reading, early morning prayer groups, carrying the 
Gospel to non-Christians, Bible study, visiting in Army hospitals were reported 
by the evangelistic committee. Special cause for thanksgiving came when the 
appointments of three Home Missionaries were read and the decision was an- 
nounced to undertake the full support of the Christian Workers' Retirement Home 
for which the Woman's Division provided funds for the land and building. 

The Korean Church gives full clergy rights to women. At the 1955 annual 
conference Miss Mila Chun and Miss Wha Young Myung were ordained and ap- 
pointed to churches — the first Korean women to be ordained. 

Let us never be weary in carrying Christ to the world. Whatever has been 
done and whatever may be done in serving with the Christians in Korea will 
bring forth a full harvest. 

New Buildings During Quatlrennium 

KOREA 
Ichon 

Girls' School — New classroom building 

Inchon 

Girls' School — New classroom building 

Kangneung 

Missionary residence — purchase and repair 

Seoul 

Ewha University 

Completion of Appenzeller Hall (Science building) 

Home Economics Practice House 

President's residence 

Rebuilding of Pfeiffer Hall 

Rehabilitation of English House, missionary residence 

Music building — Simpson Hall 

Auditorium 
Home for Retired Women Workers 
Hostel for girl students 

Missionary residence — Gray House rehabilitated 
Pai Wha Girls' School — rehabilitation of buildings 
Radio station (contributions to this interdenominational project) 
Seminary building and residence — rehabilitated 
Tai Wha Christian Community Center — ^rehabilitated 

Taejon 

Community Center building 

Kindergarten Training School — classroom building, dormitory, land 

purchased 
Missionary residence — purchase and repair 

Pusan 

Missionary residence — purchased 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 



129 



Latin America 

By Miss Marian Derby, Executive Secretary 

AS THIS report is being written, this secretary together with Dr. James E. 
Ellis, administrative secretary of the Division of World Missions for Latin 
America, is visiting the Methodist work in South America. Impressions are 
too recent to be able to generalize concerning them, but certainly there is much 
that is encouraging everywhere. The Methodist Church of Brazil, autonomous 
since 1930, announced at its General Conference last July that during the past 
five years a new church building has been completed every twenty-one days and 
a new parsonage every forty-four days. In Peru, Chile, and Bolivia the statement 
was made on various occasions that people are more receptive to the evangelical 
message, and opportunities for opening new work are legion. 

Our educational institutions are slowly increasing the number of active 
Protestant teachers on their staffs and reports show an increasing effectiveness re- 
garding the influence of the evangelical message. There are more students in 
seminaries and training schools for Christian workers than in previous years. 
Two large hospitals, one in Curitiba, Brazil, and the other in Montevideo, Uruguay, 
are being built and equipped entirely through the efforts of the Protestant com- 
munities in those cities. They will be staffed by competent Protestant doctors 
who are not only well trained in medicine and surgery but who are also active 
leaders in the local Protestant churches. 

Perhaps one of the most encouraging reports has come from the women's 
work in the church. Typical of the growth in membership and giving are the 
statistics shown in the graph below for the AVoman's Societies of The Methodist 
Church in Brazil. 



Womans SociGties in Brazil 



CZI MembcKs 
1^1 Finances 



5000 4-,860 

4,500 



l?6 



<4 ^86,600 



85 

i 



y. 5|28,000 Z ■ 



5,900 




S 2,380,390 



^ 1,068,270 



7,731 



^ 690,800 
6,338 



226 



230,300 



Z 



219 



^ 



9,057 



283 



// 



1930 1934 1938 1942 1946 1950 1955' 

5 



130 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

At the Fourth Quadrennial Congress of the Confederation of Methodist Women 
of Latin America held in Lima in January, 1955, there was great rejoicing over 
the increase in missionary giving. During the past four years two missionaries 
have been supported by the combined efforts of Latin American women — one in 
southern Chile and one on the altiplano of Bolivia. In Lima it was decided that 
they should venture further and plans were made for sending a young woman 
to help with the work in the mountains of Peru. On September 25, Miss JVIaria 
Glisina Fernandez, an attractive young Brazilian from Porto Alegre, was conse- 
crated as this missionary. 

A former student in two of our schools, Mi.ss Fernandez later continued her 
studies in the University of Porto Alegre and since that time has been active in 
the youth work of the church and in its extension program. When she heard of 
the missionary opportunity in Peru, she corresponded with the missionary com- 
mittee, most of whom are resident in Argentina, proved her academic and spir- 
itual qualifications for the work, and accepted the terms of the two-year contract. 
It is hoped that she will be at work in Peru before the beginning of 1956. 

Assignment of Missionaries in Latin American Countries 

Regular Scliool Work 



Urban Social Work 



Rural Work 



Tra i n i n g 
Christian WoekcKS 



Student Hostels 






Wi 



U 



¥. 



5 Missionaries in 1951 
o; ^ (total- 122) 

Medical. Work ^] i ^ ^'Yto^al-''^?!)" 



0th 



ers 



i 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 131 

Of cour^^e, the whole jncture is not as rosy as the preceding paragraphs might 
indicate. Pohticall}^ 195(3 has seen stornij' elections, bloody revolutions, and 
extended strikes which have influenced at least indirectly the work of the church. 
A real economic crisis, abrupt rise in the cost of living, and soaring inflation have 
resulted in acute financial problems in several countries. When a school budget 
jumps from 172,000 to 719,000 in five years as it did in Rosario, Argentina, it 
does something to financial plans, even if it is in Argentine pesos! 

For most of our institutions, however, financial problems are not as serious as 
the securing of adequate personnel. Although there has been an increase in the 
number of well-trained Protestant Christians taking responsibility on the staffs of 
schools and other institutions, the number of students and the scope of the pro- 
grams have increased even faster. The fact that today we have only 95 mission- 
aries in place of the 122 who were active in 1951 explains a part of the problem. 
As may be seen by the graph below, the greatest loss has been in those assigned 
to regular school work where it has been easiest to replace them with well-prepared 
national teachers. However, there is not one of the schools which would not 
welcome more missionaries on its staff today. 

For the most part, the institutions in Latin America in which the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service shares a responsibility are adequately housed. Con- 
siderable building has been done in the last quadrennium which will make the 
work in the future more effective. These buildings will be mentioned specifically 
under the countries in which they are located. 

Though the work in all of the Latin American countries has much in com- 
mon, the rest of this report will be taken up with the description of projects 
country by country. For the sake of convenience, they have been listed alpha- 
beticaUy. 

Argentina 

Argentina has been much in the news in 1955, but many of the reports have 
been so confused that it has been diflicult to interpret them. If that has been 
true for the reader in the United States, it has been almost equally true for those 
hving in Argentina! The open opposition to religion on the part of the Peron 
government was aimed at the Roman Catholic Church and did not directly affect 
the Protestant work. During the June revolution when the mob was entering 
Catholic churches to burn and destroy them, a group approached the Protestant 
bookstore on one of the main avenues and began to throw stones at the large 
show window. The manager, a Spaniard small in stature but great in courage, 
stepped out and shouted that this was a Protestant enterprise and had nothing 
to do with the Catholic Church. On hearing this, the mob backed off immediately 
and went on its wa}'. Legislation against the church, such as a high tax on all 
church property, has affected both Catholics and Protestants. This may cause 
hardship for some of our churches if enforced. Of course, at this writing it is 
extremely difficult to prophesy as to what the future may bring. 

Quadrennial reports from The Methodist Church in Argentina show growth 
in many aspects. In 1951 forty-five pastors and three deaconesses directed the 
work of the church. In 1955 there are fifty-one pastors and nine deaconesses in 
active service. The enrollment in the Union Theological Seminary in Buenos Aires, 
which has increased from sixty-one students to seventy-seven in the same length 
of time, gives a basis for the hope that the church will continue to grow in strength. 
Since these students come from four different denominations and from five of the 
Spanish-speaking countries of South America, this strength will be reflected in 



132 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

the total Protestant witness in various parts of the continent. The building con- 
structed in 1942, which seemed more than adequate at that time, has had to be 
enlarged during this quadrennium by finishing the dormitorj'^ space on the third 
floor. But again it is proving too small. A new interest in full-time Christian 
service has been awakened among the young people, and they are preparing for 
that service in far greater numbers than in the past. This is probably one of the 
most encouraging facts in the church today. The church in these countries is 
prepared to contribute toward the new building which is needed but cannot hope 
to finance it entirely. 

The Woman's Division has helped in three new projects in Argentina during 
this quadrennium. The Lena Knapp Hostel for girls in the primary and secondary 
schools in Rosario de Tala was founded in 1953. Here girls who otherwise would 
not have been able to do so, have an opportunity to continue their studies. The 
hostel has had a very definite influence on their lives and on the homes from which 
they came. One of our Woman's Division missionaries started a social work pro- 
gram in connection with one of the small churches in Rosario. With the help 
of the church, volunteers carry on this program which has been extended to 
include a daily kindergarten, a mothers' club, a recreational program for youth, 
and a clinic attended by a Protestant doctor and a nurse who also visits in the 
homes. In 1954 we contributed toward the purchase of a beautiful camp site with 
installations for fifty people. The camp is located at Oliveiros, about fifty miles 
north oi the city of Rosario and will be administered by the conference Board of 
Christian Education. Already it has been used by many groups, including the 
students of Colegio Americano who have the use of it two week-ends each month 
during the school year. 

Colegio Americano itself is in the midst of a large building program. For many 
years the present plant has been inadequate and a part of the 1951 Week of 
Prayer offering was designated for a new building. Difficulties and complications 
of one kind and another have delayed the actual construction until 1955, but it is 
now going ahead and it is expected that the classroom unit will be ready for use 
in February of 1956. The school celebrated its SOth anniversary in 1955 with 
special programs as well as with the excitement of building. 

New Building Project in Quadrennium 1951-1955 

Colegio Americano, Rosario — Classroom Building Under Construction (Week of 
Prayer Project) 

Brazil 

The institutions in Brazil which have been related to the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service through the years have been both a contributing factor to the 
rapid growth of the church as well as a recipient of benefits from a stronger church. 
The growth of these schools in number of students and teachers as well as in 
financial responsibility is shown in the graph below which is based on statistics 
from the years 1950 and 1955. 

Asked for reports of significant happenings during the past year, the schools 
have written of various activities. Colegio Centenario reports an increased interest 
in church activities with an average attendance of about 50 boarding students at 
the Sunday evening service. This interest was climaxed by a group of twelve 
making their profession of faith and becoming members of The Methodist Church. 

Colegio Americano in Porto Alegre had for the first time an all-day retreat 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 133 

WDCS Schools in Brazil 



Mo. or btudents ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ saz^ 

^ 265 

Total No. of Teachers ^^ ^^^ 

^ B 22 

WDCS rlissionaries . ^^ 

^ , -, , ^yyyyyyyyy/yyyyyyyyyyyyA 13,535,000 cku.ckIos 

23,570^000 Cruzerlos 
0685,200 

WDCS Appropriations 



1,468,000 



I950 
1955 



for the entire faculty of the school before beginning classes in March. The day 
was divided into periods of worship in the chapel, talks on methods, business and 
group discussions, with a dehcious lunch during the fellowship period. At the 
end of the day the teachers were enthusiastic and asked that the experience be 
repeated at the beginning of the second semester. The Department of Education 
of the State has organized a new system of normal instruction. Colegio Americano 
and the State College for Teachers were chosen as the experimental schools in 
v;hich to try out the system. This is giving a new opportunity to make a con- 
tribution to education in Rio Grande do Sul. The year 1955 marks the 70th 
anniversary of Colegio Americano. As a part of the special program for the 
observance on October 19, Miss Mary Sue Brown, former director of the school 
and builder of its very fine buildings, is to be the special guest of the alumni and 
ex-students. 

From Colegio Bennett in Rio de Janeiro comes the report of various festivals 
and two rummage sales which were held for the purpose of raising money for their 
chapel, the church, and other institutions. Monthly recitals of the symphonic 
choir of the School of Sacred Music and their visit to cities in the state of Sao Paulo 
were greatly appreciated by the large audiences who heard them sing. A federal 
inspector of education who was present at a parent-teacher meeting where extra- 
curricular activities were being discussed was so much impressed with the meeting 
that he has suggested that all schools in Brazil should do something similar. 

Colegio Piracicabano reports two periods of special religious emphasis during 
recent months. The fact that 50 per cent of the dormitory students are Protestant 
girls is reflected in the total life and program of the boarding department. 

The official inauguration of the Allie Cobb Buyers building at the People's 
Central Institute in Rio de Janeiro in December of 1954, a generous gift from the 
Point Four program of equipment for carpentry, ceramics, and other crafts, and 
the purchase of a new camp site not too far from the city, are indicative of the 



134 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

progress and planning which are characteristic of that institution in its expanding 
educational and social program. 

The Methodist Institute for the training of Christian workers reports that its 
twenty-three graduates are all serving the church in one capacity or another. At 
the General Conference in July, two of them were consecrated as the first deacon- 
esses of the Brazilian Methodist Church. During the summer vacation period 
(December, 1954-February, 1955) the students worked under the Board of Chris- 
tian Education directing Vacation Bible Schools and carrying on visitation evan- 
gelism. Both the Institute and the Board of Education felt that the project was 
most worthwhile and plans are being made for a continuation of this program. 

Miss Verda Farrar, director of Colegio Isabela Hendrix, thinks that a new day 
has really dawned for women in Brazil. For many years there have been out- 
standing women in most of the professions, but today more than just a few are 
continuing their preparation for active service in the professional, economic, and 
political world. It has become almost a mass movement. If this is true, then our 
schools will have an even more important role in the future than in the past. 

iVeiv Building Projects in Quadrennium 1951-1955 

Allie Cobb Buyers Educational Building at People's Central Institute 
Eva Louise Hyde Building — primary school building at Bennett College 
Elizabeth M. Lee Building — primary building at Centenary College, Santa Maria 
Laundry, library, and laboratories — Isabela Hendrix, Belo Horizonte 

Chile 

The Woman's Division entered into cooperation with the work in Chile in 
1951 when Miss Semeramis Kutz was sent to "El Vergel" in southern Chile, the 
farm under the Division of World Missions, to take charge of the Vocational 
School for Girls. The twenty-five girls who live in the school come from varying 
rural backgrounds and with dififerent levels of previous schooling. They study 
Spanish, arithmetic, a bit of history and geography, but at present dressmaking is 
the most important course, for it will provide the graduates with a means of 
earning a living. The girls also learn to weave and some of the graduates work 
in the weavers' cooperative which has been organized. Probably of more importance 
than anything learned in the regular classes is the experience of planning and pre- 
paring the menus for the group, working in the vegetable and flower gardens, 
caring for the chickens, and keeping the house neat and clean. A student council 
formed in 1954 gives helpful experience in organization — working in teams is the 
best way to teach cooperation.. Morning prayers and evening devotions are not 
only times of spiritual growth but also periods to help prepare the girls to become 
leaders in their local churches. 

For the past two or three years the Woman's Division has been requested to 
send two missionaries for work among the Indians in southern Chile. In Sep- 
tember, 1955, a young lady trained in home economics extension work and with 
some experience in this field went to Chile for this purpose. It is hoped that a 
fellow worker, either a primary-school supervisor or a regligious-education super- 
visor, may be sent to work with her within the next few months. 

Cuba 

The work of the Woman's Division in Cuba is more varied than that in other 
parts of the Latin-American field. It includes rural evangelistic and social work, 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 135 

cooperation in a rural ins^titute, work among university students in an interde- 
nominational seminary, and three primary and secondary schools for boarding and 
day students. 

The growth during the past four years of the three schools — Buenavista in 
Havana, Irene Toland in Matanzas, and Eliza Bowman in Cienfuegos is shown 
in the graph below. 

Typical of the work being carried on by the missionaries in rural Cuba is 
the report from Baguanos. This work was begun in new territory in 1941. At 
that time there was not a member of The Methodist Church in all this area and 
only one member of any church. The public school in the town of 2,000 had two 
teachers who taught only in the morning. There was no church of any kind — and 
no organization of "uplift" — unless one might count the social club, though some 
would deem that a negative influence. 

Against that background this report is from a work thirteen and a half years 
old. There are now four organized churches with a total membership of 233, and 
ten organized Sunday schools with 710 enrolled and an average attendance of 456. 
Vacation church schools enroll 405 children. A day school provides primary edu- 
cation for 74 students and employs six teachers. There are in all 14 preaching 
places, 131 subscribers to the Methodist church paper, and 225 copies of The Upper 
Room are used regularly. "Friendship House" serves as a home for one missionary, 
one volunteer contract worker, one West Indian cook and housekeeper who is also 
the youth counselor and Sunday-school superintendent of the West Indian congre- 
gation, one graduate of the Agriculture School who does extension work in the 
mission (literacy work, homemakers' clubs, mission Sunday schools), two full-time 
teachers in the school. The young man who teaches in the school also has his 
meals there. A playground is open every afternoon for the children of the town. 
From time to time such events as basketball and volleyball games, ping-pong 

WDCS Schools in Cuba 

^, ^ e . . V/////////////////////////A 971 

No. or Dtudents ^^^^^^^^^^^^■■^■^H i23? 

61 

Total No. of TeachGrs _ ^^ 



WDCS Missionaries 



5 

1 Q 



^^ , „ ^ V////////////////////////A 5,87.160 

lotal DudgGt ^^^^^^^^^^^^^__ ^270,097 



WDCS Appropriations — $,7,000 



^ I950 
^H 1955 



136 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

tournaments, physical-education programs with field day are sponsored by the 
house. 

Similar reports might be written to describe the work at Santa Rosa where a 
school was started in 1954 and work campers made a playground park in front of 
the church, or at Omaja where more than thirty young people have been helped 
to get scholarships to prepare for teaching, preaching, office work, and other 
vocations, or at Herradura where a new mission has recently been started which 
reflects the interest and the need in many parts of rural Cuba. 

At the Agricultural School at Preston the students themselves are building a 
chapel which will make their devotional periods more worshipful. The new student 
hostel in Havana has been completed and is already in use. New buildings at the 
seminary in Matanzas will be dedicated in October, 1955. In each case, these 
buildings represent the cooperative efforts of various groups — Cubans, two Divi- 
sions of the Methodist Board of Missions, and, in the case of the seminary, of other 
denominational groups. 

iVejc Building Projects in Quadrennium 1951-1955 

Dormitory for girls — Irene Toland School (Week of Prayer project) 

Student Hostel in Havana — in cooperation with the Division of World Missions 

and the Cuban student committee 
Missionary residence at Santa Rosa 

Classroom building for seminary at Matanzas — in cooperation with others 
Primary building at Buenavista, Havana — the Woman's Division supplemented 

funds raised by the school 

Mexico 

To visit the Protestant work in Mexico is to become aware of the differences 
in the development of the church due to political, cultural, and geographical back- 
ground. The Methodist work which in its beginnings was very similar to that in 
other parts of Latin America took on a different character when, because of gov- 
ernment legislation, missionaries were withdrawn from educational work and active 
cooperation in church leadership. Fine Mexican leaders have grown up and in some 
places a strong local church has developed, but many times buildings have been 
allowed to deteriorate and the programs of institutions are not as effective as they 
might be if they could count on greater financial assistance and the help of mis- 
sionary personnel. 

In spite of this, six of the schools formerly related to the Woman's Foreign 
Missionary Society or the Woman's Missionary Council are still carrying on a worth- 
while educational program. Colegio Palmore in Chihuahua is at present adding to 
its building to make possible the inclusion of the regular government secondary 
school course as well as the commercial course which has been a part of the cur- 
riculum. Colegio MacDonell in Durango reports a total enrollment of 255 students, 
26 of whom are boarders. Colegio Juarez in Guanajuato was reopened this quad- 
rennium and the building has been repaired. A new activity this year has been 
the opening of a recreation room for students and young people of the church. 
Sixty boarding students of Colegio Hijas de Allende in Pachuca are enjoying the 
dormitory which was built with funds from the 1951 Week of Prayer Offering. 
High-school students, under the direction of two primary teachers, hold free literacy 
classes for children and adults. Sara Alarcon in Mexico City, formerly known as 
the Industrial School, has a well-equipped building and an alert student body. 
About 100 of the students live next door in the Laura Temple Hostel. A new build- 
ing now under construction will provide room for eighty more girls and will increase 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 137 

the effectiveness of the work of the hostel. The Norynal School in Puebla was also 
reopened this quadrenniuni and is providing an excellent opportunity to prepare 
Protestant teachers for the other schools. One hundred thirty nine of the students 
live next door where three Woman's Division missionaries share the responsibility 
of making a home for them. 

In 1954 the Deaconess Training School in Mexico City experimented with a 
brief course of six months for lay workers in the church. The course met with 
such approval that twelve students enrolled for the 1955 course. Twelve students 
also are enrolled in the regular course this year, making the total student body 
larger than in previous years. A part of this is undoubtedly due to the organization 
in 1952 of pre-deaconess clubs in the dormitory departments of the Methodist 
schools for the purpose of interesting girls in this work and of strengthening the 
spiritual life of the student bodies. 

The Social Center in Monterrey reports that 560 children and young people 
are enrolled in regular activities of the Center besides those who participate in the 
gymnasium activities where on winter nights there are over a hundred boys in 
attendance. Several thousand children hear the character-building stories told 
each week in the public schools by staff members of the Center. Centra MacDonell 
in Durango has a similar program but on a smaller scale. Centro Roberts in 
Saltillo has been completely repaired and remodeled this year. Centro Christiana 
in Chihuahua, among other activities, conducts a well-organized commercial school 
for about 400 young people. 

The new additions to Sanatoria Palmore in Chihuahua, completed in 1954, 
increased its capacity to 103 beds and made possible alterations in the maternity 
unit, the entrance lobby, enlarged office, a mortuary chapel, two adequate classrooms, 
and a well-equipped demonstration room. The latter changes have all been made 
in 1955 and have provided better accommodations for the school of nursino; as 
well as for the hospital. There are at present forty-eight students enrolled in the 
school — all that can be taken care of with the present quarters. 

Miss Mamie Baird writes that the Cortazar Rural Project has extended its 
work to four more villages in 1955, making a total of eight which are visited more 
or less regularly. One of the triumphs of the year was the opening of the chapel 
in Suchitlan. This was built several years ago but could not be used until official 
permission was given by the government. Miss Baird herself was honored by 
Agricultural Missions, Inc., who presented her with an award for distinguished 
service in rural missions. 

New Buildings During Quadrenniuni 1951-1955 
Dormitory building — Colegio Hijas de Allende, Pachuca 
New wing — Sanatorio Palmore, Chihuahua — in cooperation with the Division of 

World Missions (Week of Prayer project) 
Remodeling — Centro Roberts, Saltillo 

Girls' dormitory — Laura Temple Hostel, Mexico City (under construction) 
Social Center — Suchitlan, Cortazar Rural Project 

Peru 

For many years the Woman's Division has cooperated in only two projects in 
Peru — Lima High School, officially known as Colegio Maria Alvarado, for which 
we have the major responsibility, and Callao High School, where we have one mis- 
sionary heading up the girls' department. This quadrennium the work has been 
extended to include a social center with various week-day activities as well as a 
Sunday school and preaching service on Sunday in a new section of the city called 



138 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

La Florida. The report from Lima High School states that among the students 
there is a growing interest in social service because of the La Florida project. 

Lima High students won a city-wide scholastic contest in 1954 and in 1955 
the Girls' Athletic Contest in the city. The long-range plan started in 1950 to 
reduce enrollment in order to make education and evangelization more individual, 
to increase the number of Protestant students in order to change the general 
atmosphere, and to employ more Protestant teachers is beginning to show results. 
In 1955 the Director of Secondary Education sent out a "final" decree on the 
matter of the religious program of public and private schools, stating that the 
official course must be taught by a Roman Catholic and any school not complying 
with this law would have its hcense revoked. Committees of pastors, school heads, 
and missionaries are studying the problem to see what course of action should be 
recommended for our Methodist schools. In the meantime they continue their 
regular classes of Christian education as in the past. 

'New Buildings During Quadrennium 1951-1955 

La Florida Social Center in Lima 

New wing providing library, small chapel, and extra classrooms for Lima High 
School 

Uruguay 

Until 1953 The Methodist Church in Uruguay and Argentina together formed 
the River Plate Annual Conference. Then because political differences between 
the two countries made travel from one to the other practically impossible, it was 
deemed wise to set up a provisional annual conference in Uruguay. There are at 
present thirteen pastors and two deaconesses giving full time to the church — an 
increase of five over the number four years ago! The Woman's Division contributes 
directly to the work of the church by giving a small sum annually toward the 
social-evangelistic work being carried on by the Division of World Missions in 
Friendship House in the meat-packing house district of Montevideo and to a day 
nursery in Malvin, another area of underprivileged homes. 

Crandon Institute in Montevideo continues to be one of the outstanding schools 
of the Woman's Division. The testimony of a young non-Christian teacher who 
did substitute teaching for a few days is characteristic of the way many feel about 
the school. He said, "Here there is something different from the other schools. 
Here you practice what you preach!" Seeking the source of the practicing as 
well as the preaching, he is now a probationary member of the Central Methodist 
Church. In 1954 Crandon celebrated the 75th anniversary of its founding — 75 
years of preaching and practicing! 

New Building During Quadrennium 1951-1955 
Completion of Reid Hall — primary building at Crandon Institute 

The number of new buildings constructed during the past four years make an 
imposing list. They are tangible results of the Fruits of Discipleship of Woman's 
Societies of Christian Service in the United States, but they also represent thought- 
ful stewardship on the part of Christian leaders in the countries where they have 
been built. Of much greater importance are the intangibles which are making 
large numbers of people more receptive to the gospel message. Trees have been 
planted which are bearing fruit, but there are many places where the seed has not 
yet been sown! 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 



139 



Southeast Asia and China 

By Miss Clara M. French, Executive Secretary 
THIS IS SOUTHEAST ASIA 




SOVtHEIST jlilA COUNTtiCS 



SOUTHEAST ASIA is like an arc stretching from Burma on the west to the 
Philippine Islands on the east. Methodists have work in Burma, Malaya, 

Indonesia, Sarawak, and the Philippines. North and east of this arc are Hong 
Kong and Taiwan, included in this area. In addition to this is a spiritual 
ministry to Chinese on the mainland and scattered throughout the world. 

Southeast Asia is a region of the world where dynamic changes are taking 
place. What happens there becomes important, not only to the one-hundred 
seventy-five miUion inhabitants but also to the rest of the world. It is important 
because of the economic and ix)litical influence. It is also important because it 
is the thoroughfare for communications between Europe and the Far East. 
Whether by sea or air, world travelers stop at Manila, Singapore, Bangkok, or 
Rangoon. If one is to understand these lands, he must go farther than their large 
cities ; he must travel the highways of Malaya, the rivers of Sarawak, or sit down 
to talk in homes of the Philippines. 

Economically, Southeast Asia is of great importance. Five-sixths of the 
world's rubber and more than half of its tin are produced here. The largest supply 
of quinine and kapok are found here, two-thirds of the coconut products and 
one-third of the world's palm oil come from this area. The most important item, 
however, is rice, the stable food for Asia. Sixty per cent of all rice that enters 
international trade comes from this area. 

The majority of the population are farmers who produce most of what they 
eat. Compared to western standards the economic living is low, but in thinking 
of their neighbors in India and China they are in a favorable position. This is 



140 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

due largely to the fact that land is sufficient in a great part of this area. The two 
overpopulated places are Java in Indonesia and Luzon in the Philippines. 

The majority of these countries of Southeast Asia lie within the tropics. The 
climate is hot and humid. Westerfiers making their homes in these areas find the 
year-round heat drains on one's health and energy. Rainfall is plentiful. In some 
of the lowlands missionaries refer to a dry season with showers daily and to a wet 
season with downpours constantly. 

One of the most outstanding characteristics of this part of the world is the 
diversity of its people. In Burma, Malaya, Sarawak, and Indonesia where the 
Methodists have work, churches represent two, three, and four distinct cultures. 
This offers problems not only in language but in the cultural differences and rights 
of citizens. An example of this is Malaya. Both Chinese and Indians who are im- 
migrant peoples have large communities within Malaya and because of their keen 
sense of business and self-sufficiency, there has been strife between the cultures. The 
government has given preference to the native Malay people, and this, too, has 
caused unrest — a fertile land for the spread of communism. No country in this area 
has escaped strong Communist movements. In some countries more than in others 
this has had its influence on the churches. 

Like other areas of the world, nationalism is an increasingly strong force. 
One can well understand this when he reahzes that Burma, Indonesia, and the 
Phihppines all have gained their independence within the past ten years and that 
Malaya and Sarawak still have colonial governments. 

Tied into this spirit of nationalism are the ancient religions of Asia. Burma 
perhaps more than any other land has linked a devout spirit of Buddhism with a 
national loyalty. Thus to be a Christian in Burma one sacrifices the reputation of 
being a "first-class citizen" because he is not a Buddhist. 

In Malaya three-sevenths of the people are of the Muslim faith. In accordance 
with the treaty made by Britain, Malaya is recognized as an Islamic state. Because 
of this, it is understood that any attempt to convert Muslim Malays would be a 
breach of this treaty. As a result, Chrisian churches are largely from the immigrant 
peoples — the Chinese and the Indians. 

Among people of the Animist religion such as the Ibans of Sarawak and the 
Bataks of Indonesia, resistance to the Christian faith is not so great. Here are found 
the more primitive cultures where there is great need for literacy work and training 
in health and family living. 

The Philippines offers a very different problem in religion. Of all countries 
of Southeast Asia, it has the largest Christian population which is predominantly 
Roman Catholic. Recent statistics give 16,000,000 Roman Catholics and 1,500,000 
Independent Catholics. The Methodist Church, which is the largest single de- 
nomination, has 130,000 members. It is very much of a minority group in a land 
where Catholic influence is greatly felt in government. One of the most serious 
problems today is an attempt to legislate in the Philippines whereby religion must 
be taught within the public schools. 

To this point the report has dealt with background material as preparation 
for the Southeast Asia study. When one becomes familiar with geography, history, 
and something of the life of the people, the program of the church takes on meaning. 
One understands why The Methodist Church in Burma, set in the heart of 
Buddhism, is limited to only 3,000 members and why the Chinese Christians on 
the island of Sumatra surrounded by a strong Communist movement are filled 
with fear and suspicion. Only as we understand these forces can we fufly reahze 
the problems and the needs of our Christian churches in these lands. 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 

Missionary Personnel 



141 




(Right to left) Dr. Cuniersindo Garcia, administrator of Mary Johnston Hos- 
pital, Manila, P. I.; Mrs. Ascuncion Perez, chairman of the hospital board; 
Dr. Harold Brewster, medical secretary. Board of Missions 

This area more than any other has a very unique missionary family. Not 
so many years ago China was the largest field in our Methodist Church. When 
the door was closed and missionaries gradually and reluctantly passed through 
the bamboo curtain leaving behind a loyal and closely knit group of Christian 
co-workers, it was difficult to see the future. In 1953 Miss Louise Robinson reported 
68 China missionaries assigned to other foreign fields and 14 assigned to work in the 
United States. Since then others have been transferred to service of the church. 
It would seem to be sound mission policy that missionaries be so equipped that they 
can move from one country to another, and it has been a source of great satisfaction 
to know the contribution that China missionaries have made in these other fields 
of work. 

China missionaries who have retired without making this transfer are a part 
of this area and a large segment of the total retired family. There is no other one 
group of people in America with a greater concern for China and Christians on the 
mainland than retired missionaries scattered throughout the United States. They 
are praying and believing that God in His power is working in that land today. 
Added to that group of retired missionaries from China are also those from the 
Philippines, Burma, Malaya, and Sumatra in Indonesia. Never a week passes but 
what there come to the office letters from retired missionaries. They express live 
interest in the ongoing work and deep gratitude for their continued relationship 
with the Board. 

And like the unusually large group of retired missionaries this area has a 
proportionately large group of missionaries on leave of absence. This happens in 
any land where there has been war and the group has returned home. Of necessity 
a break has come with the field of their choice and preparation. Needs in the home 
attract them, and in a number of cases family responsibility has made demands on 
these single women. 

One cannot know the work on the field without becoming aware of the splendid 
group of special-term missionaries. They have gone into difficult areas sharing their 
special training and ability. Often it has meant taking over some of the most 
responsible work on the field. 

The 23 per cent listed as active ffiissignaries are those on whom we must depend 



142 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



largely for carrying the long-term program. One of their initial tasks is to study 
the language. This varies from country to country and even within the country. 
In Burma missionaries are working in the Burmese and Chinese languages. In 
the Philippines a large share of the Methodist work is in the Ilocano area even 
though the national language is Tagalog. In the Philippines and Malaya more than 
in other countries of Southeast Asia are many positions where missionaries can 
manage with the English language. 




Rev. and Mrs. T. R. Doraisaniy and family. Mr. Doraisamy is a district superin- 
tendent and secretary of Christian Education in Malaya. Mrs. Doraisaniy is a 
teacher in one of our large schools for girls in Singapore 



Area Leadership 

Perhaps the greatest contribution missionaries have made is the training and 
encouraging of Asian leaders to carry the responsibility of the church. Within 
Southeast Asia only two of the larger institutions under the Woman's Division are 
still administered by missionaries, and it is hoi:)ed that these two positions may 
soon be filled by capable Asian women. It is an accepted mission philosophy that 
western missionaries are on the field to help in building a Christian church "of 
the people, by the people and for the people." 

In the Philippines is Mrs. Jose L. Valencia, president of the National Woman's 
Society of Christian Service. She not only heads the work of this Society; she 
trains women in the local churches and conference organizations. Institutes for 
ministers' wives are held within each conference and directed by Mrs. Valencia. 

The directors of our two largest educational institutions in the Philippines 
have been in America within the past year. Miss Prudencia Fabro, director of 
Harris Memorial School, has been observing institutions and churches in this land. 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 143 

While in America Miss F;(l)ro was jnTsentccl with an honorary dejirce of Doctor of 
Literature from Texas Weslejan College in Fort Worth, Texas. Miss Librada 
Javalera, director of the School of Nursing of Mary Johnston Hospital, is now 
studying in the University of Southern California. In an educational report made 
by Dr. Myron Wicke, he states, "Mary Johnston School of Nursing is outstanding 
in its standards and would compare well with any school of nursing in this land." 

Among Crusade students in the past }-ear have been four women from the 
Philippines. Two are continuing their study in America. Two who have returned 
home are in positions of real leadership. Miss Virginia Maniti, who took her 
M.A. at Drew University, is now working in the field of literature both for The 
Methodist Church and for the Federation. Miss Avenida Jose who studied at 
Scarritt, is developing a student center in Tuguegarao, Cagayan. Throughout these 
islands are found former Crusade Scholars who are leaders in the church and are 
making a strong Christian witness. 

Another Filipino student in America during this past year but not under the 
Crusade Program was Miss Josefina Cabanilla. As Miss Fannie Dewar has re- 
turned for furlough, Miss Cabanilla has stepped in as director of the Methodist 
Mobile Clinic for Northern Luzon. It is one of the most outstanding pieces of 
work The Methodist Church has in that land. 

Only since World War II has the Woman's Division worked in Sarawak on 
the island of Borneo. Leadership among women has come from mainland China 
and Malaya. A very great loss to the church in Sarawak, and especially to the 
work of women, has been the death of Miss Louise Hwang. Miss Hwang, formerly 
of Foochow, China, was a Crusade Scholar who studied in Scarritt College. From 
America she went to Sarawak and for five years had worked among women and 
children, organizing Woman's Societies and conducting institutes. Her last major 
work before her death was to get literature and program material into the hands 
of the women in the conference. 

Among other Chinese who moved from the mainland to Sarawak was Miss Ivy 
Chou who had been principal of Hwa Nan High School in Foochow. During the 
first years after the war there was felt a great need for training church workers, 
both men and women. Thus, Ivy Chou was sent to America for further study that 
she might prepare herself for this work. After receiving her doctorate in the field 
of Christian education from Union Seminary and Columbia, she flew back to 
Sarawak in time to help conduct a special training conference for pastors. Letters 
tell of her outstanding ability and splendid spirit in the launching of this new 
training program. 

In Malaya the high note of the Chinese Annual Conference was the ordination 
of Miss Lim Swee Beng. In a recent letter they write: "Miss Lim was a supply 
pastor for fifteen years in Malaya. She had taken the required examination and 
knocked at the door asking that it be opened for women to be ordained. After 
she stood up and gave her testimony her own district superintendent made the 
motion and it was passed unanimously that she be ordained the next morning with 
two young men." To honor this occasion a scholarship fund (named for Mrs. 
Raymond L. Archer, wife of Bishop Archer) was started to be used for the training 
of future workers. More than a thousand dollars was given to the fund during 
the conference session. 

Two Crusade scholars returned to Malaya within the past year. Miss Rose- 
mary Aloreira who took her work in Syracuse University has returned to help in 
the administration and teaching of English Literature in the Methodist Girls High 



144 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

School in Ipoh, Malaya. This school has 1,256 students in the morning school and 
768 in the afternoon school. The other Crusade Scholar from Malaya is Miss 
Vong Lo Lian who now has gone to Sarawak to help with the medical work among 
the Dyak people. 

Literature 

Literature in Southeast Asia has been of increasing interest. Most of this 
work has been carried on interdenominationally. In the Philippines Miss Doris 
Hess, trained in journalism, has served both in Methodist work and the work of 
the Federation. In a letter from Miss Elizabeth Johannaber, writing of her work 
in the Woman's Society of Christian Service, she says: "During the Christmas 
hohdays we had a literature workshop for national and conference officers of the 
Woman's Society. The purpose of this conference was to study the needs of liter- 
ature for the next two years in the program of the Woman's Society. It was a 
thrilling experience to see the way those women divided into small workshop 
groups, tackled the problems of literature in the various areas — missionary edu- 
cation, workshop, program building. Society organization. When you stop to think 
we are still in our first quadrennium of a national organization, it is almost breath- 
taking the strides they have taken. Much credit is due to the consecrated efforts 
of the president, Mrs. Jose L. Valencia. Perhaps some of you will have the pleasure 
of meeting her when she accompanies the Bishop to the States for the next 
General Conference." 

In Malaya Miss Mary Liu and Miss Mabel Nowlin are carrying on literature 
work under the Malayan Christian Council. In a recent letter Miss Nowhn writes: 
"Our curriculum committee are now working on the last Junior Workbook and 
Teacher's Book of our Sunday-school lessons. I expect to see them through the 
press before I leave on furlough." 

Regional Meetings 

Within the i^ast year interest has been focused on Southeast Asia as a meeting 
ground for the Asian-African Conference in Bandung. A similar interest has been 
shown in our churches of this area. In November 1954 was held the Home and 
Family Life Conference in Manila. Forty-eight delegates representing nine over- 
seas countries were present. The result was a deepening of Christian fellowship 
among leaders in Asia, a new sense of mission and responsibility for famihes and 
homes. Following the Manila Conference was an Audio-Visual Conference held in 
Bangkok. Here, too, were Christian leaders representing a wide range of churches 
and nations of Southeast Asia feeling the need for united study and fellowship. 
In February of 1956 a similar conference for Theological Education is being planned. 

Interchange of Personnel 

Another trend and related to the regional conferences has been the desire to 
send workers from one area to another. In some cases it has been the sending of 
a missionary by the local churches. In Sarawak a Chinese boy from the church 
in Malaya is working among the Dyaks. In Okinawa a Filipino woman is sup- 
ported by the Woman's Society of Christian Service, the Methodist Youth Fellow- 
ship, and the Children's Missionary Fund in the Philippines. In other cases it is 
a desire to send exchange workers between lands. It is the increasing need for 
Christians to come together in work and understanding. 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 145 

Secretarial Visit 

8iuce writing the last report, the secretary has made a three-inouths' trip to 
Southeast Asia visiting the seven nations of this area where the Methodists have 
work. Every missionary home of the Woman's Division and a large majority of 
the homes of the Division of World Missions were visited. The fellowship with 
these people and with Asian friends in their homes and church groups was perhaps 
the very highest point of the trip. It was with some reluctance that the secretary 
pulled herself away from that part of the world and returned to her duties in 
America. 

The main purpose of the visit was to learn from those on the field their needs, 
their hopes, and their aspirations, and to keep this bond of understanding which 
had been so well carried on in the past. The meeting of church leaders for informal 
discussion was exceedingly helpful. Pastors, district superintendents, Bible women, 
teachers, medical leaders, and all workers connected with the church joined together 
in explaining the present program, the problems which they faced, and what they 
hoped to accomplish in the future. The lack of leaders was one of the greatest 
problems. In cases where the leaders were so few and the workers were spread 
so thin, the struggle to keep the work going took away the needed fellowship and 
understanding. In every land without exception one was impressed with the 
courage and devotion of Christians who through war and continuing unrest are 
giving of their lives for the building of the kingdom. 

Hong Kong and Taiwan 

The Woman's Division continues to call for missionaries to Hong Kong and 
Taiwan. There is need for commissioned missionaries who will study the language. 
The only missionary of the Woman's Division in Hong Kong today is due to retire 
next year. She not only has cared for the office in ministry to Chinese people in 
Hong Kong and those passing through, she has made her home a meeting house 
for groups of Chinese people. Chung Chi College to which the Woman's Division 
contributes through the United Board is needing well-trained college teachers. One 
of the best examples of partners in service has been the Wesley Village built on the 
steep hillside of Victoria Peak in Hong Kong. The city government gave the land 
and helped in the plumbing. The English Methodists and the Methodist Com- 
mittee for Overseas Relief through the American Methodists gave the funds for 
the buildings, and members of the Methodist churches in Hong Kong have super- 
vised and planned the village. Christian services are being held two evenings a 
week in this community and classes for children are conducted mornings. 

The most recent word from Taiwan has been the organization of the National 
Woman's Society of Christian Service. This organization took place at a three- 
day summer conference held at Wesley Grove for the women from the three 
Methodist centers in Taipei, Taichung, and Tainan. Miss Florence C. Y. Chen 
was elected president, and it was arranged that a preparatory committee draw 
up a constitution and by-laws to present to the women at a later meeting. Mrs. Ralph 
Ward, wife of Bishop Ward, who for many years served under the Woman's For- 
eign Missionary Society in China, has been a strong leader among the women in 
Taiwan and has helped greatly in promoting their organization. 

Indonesia 

The two Woman's Division missionaries are ministering both to the Chinese 
and Bataks in the churches and teaching in the English School and Bible School. 
In addition to this Miss Gusta Robinett has been caring for the treasurer's work and 



146 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

other business for both divisions of the Board of Missions since the departure 
of the senior missionary, Rev. Armin Khius. 

Plans are being made for a Chinese high school so that children of Christian 
families can attend a school in their own language other than one strongly influenced 
by communism. For Batak work the Woman's Division has taken on the support 
of one Bible woman who will work in connection with the Rev. and Mrs. Ragnar 
Aim, the only full-time Methodist missionaries to the Batak people. 

Burma 

Methodists in Burma report increasing cooperation with other churches under 
the Burma Christian Council. At the annual meeting of the Council, Premier U Nu 
with several cabinet ministers were guests. Later the Premier was host to a group 
of Catholic and Protestant leaders. Here he presented them with mementoes from 
the Holy Land which he had secured on his recent trip abroad. 

Under the International Missionary Council a study on Buddhism is being set 
up in Rangoon. Both Asian and Western leaders of the church are participating. 
This is one of several centers around the world that are being started. In a report 
from Dr. Glora Wysner whose responsibility it has been to encourage these centers, 
she states five main purposes for this study: 

L To acquaint the Church with the fundamental structure of Buddhist, 
Hindu and Islamic thought, both historic and present-day. 

2. To assist the Church in relating its message to the daily lives of the 
non-Christian. 

3. To provide a place where Christian and non-Christian can confront 
each other. 

4. To find ways of helping the Church become rooted in the culture of the 
area in which it lives and works. 

5. To produce literature designed to present Christianity in such a way 
that it will appeal to the modern mind of the non-Christian. 

Saratcak 

Sarawak, lying on the northwest corner of the island of Borneo, is one of the 
most fertile fields for evangelism in Methodist responsibility. Christianity first 
came to the land through Chinese colonies from Fukien. Today there are more 
than 13,000 church members with churches and schools largely self-supporting. 
The Woman's Division cares for the work of women in these churches, conducts 
clinics in country areas, and provides for a hostel for girls attending the co-educa- 
tional high school under the Division of World Missions. 

The natives of the land are Dyaks who were formerly headhunters. Scattered 
along the Rajang River are longhouses where thirteen to thirt}' families live under 
one roof. The story today reminds one of the early Church where they came for 
instruction, baptism, and church membership. Two Chinese nurses, one from 
Malaya and one formerly from China, have gone to these people to help in the 
medical program wdiich is being developed. It is the hope that this work can be 
a joint project of the two Divisions. The Division of World Missions has three 
missionary couples giving full-time service. The Woman's Division missionaries 
have contributed only as workers from Sibu could spare time to make occasional 
trips to that part of the country. The need is for full-time missionaries who will 
study the language and carry through a well-planned program in education, healing, 
and evangelism. 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields 147 

Malaya 

Within The Methodist Church in Malaya there has developed a strong em- 
phasis on education. The Woman's Division is responsible for 13 secondary schools 
enrolling 13,355 students. The total number under The Methodist Church in 
Malaya is 42,505 students in 62 schools. More missionaries in Malaya today are 
working in schools than in any other one field. In every school are classes for 
religious knowledge where the door is wide open for well-trained teachers to make 
a clear Christian witness to the youth of the land. One of the greatest handicaps 
has been an increased expansion greater than the availabiHty of Christian teachers. 

Within the past year three of these schools have been engaged in extensive 
building programs to meet the pressing need for space. ^luch of the money for 
these buildings has been raised locally. The Woman's Division has shared in furnish- 
ing these new buildings. 

A deep concern for evangelism is evident in Malaya. In a recent letter came 
this news: "Our Methodist Churches have recently tried a new venture in evan- 
gelism in the Serangoon Gardens new housing area of the city. They borrowed 
the audio-visual van of the Malayan Christian Council, which is equipped with loud- 
speaker for holding outdoor meetings. There was singing, preaching, and a good 
religious film. The preaching was in two dialects of Chinese, English, and Malay. 
A thousand people attended, of whom the sixty who signed cards as wanting to study 
the Christian message further are now under instruction at Peya Lebar Methodist 
Church, about a mile from the area. There are more opportunities of this kind 
than our churches have leaders enough to use." 

Philippines 

The work of the Woman's Division in the Philipj)ines can be divided into two 
main services: large city projects located in Manila, the center of Methodist work, 
and a well-connected chain of smaller projects with deaconesses in churches and 
kindergartens, dormitories in student centers, and training programs scattered 
throughout the island of Luzon. 

Mary Johnston Hospital started by the women has become a joint project with 
the Division of World Missions since the war. Dr. Gumersindo Garcia, admin- 
istrator, reports for the year 1954 a total admission of in-patients 4,537 and of out- 
patients 39,845. The School of Nursing of Mary Johnston Hospital has raised 
its program to collegiate level graduating its nurses with a B.S. degree in nursing. 
This work is done in cooperation with the Philippine Christian College, another 
united project of the Woman's Division. 

No picture for Harris Memorial School could better describe the work than 
Miss Prudencia Fabro's report to the annual conference this year. In part she says, 
"Deaconess candidates used to be sought. Now they present themselves. Young 
people present themselves because the churches have challenged them with the 
need. Numbers have been limited because of building facilities and funds to carry 
on. It is the hope that more space can be made available and the program can 
be expanded. Within this plan we are looking forward to greater opportunities 
in serving young women not alone from the Philippines but from other parts of 
Asia." 

The Methodist Social Center started in 1950 is one of the outstanding social 
projects in the Philippines. Among some of the many activities are a dormitory for 
girls, two kindergartens, a library and milk feeding station for children, scouting, a 
program of recreation, and medical, dental, and mental hygiene clinics. The most 



148 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

recent development has been a social welfare department under the direction of 
a young social case worker recently returned from America. 

On the southern island of Mindanao in the Philippines the Mindanao Provisional 
Annual Conference was organized in April, 1955. This is an attempt of The 
Methodist Church to care for Methodists and other needy people who have been 
reallocated by the government in distribution of land. Many Methodists have 
moved to this island. The Division of World Missions has one missionary family in 
residence. Two nurses from Mary Johnston Hospital are working there. In a 
letter from Mrs. Jose L. Valencia she writes: "Our trip to Mindanao for two months 
was one of the most thriUing experiences afforded me. That island is not only rich 
in soil for agriculture and machineries but, more so, rich soil for the gospel 
message. Both the Bishop and I toured many of the remote and interior places. 
We used almost all kinds of transportation — sled, cart, jeepneys, buses with hard 
seats, motor boats, and plenty on foot. AVe waded through mud, through rice, corn, 
and abaca plantations so as to get into those remote places. The church there is 
growing tremendously. Pioneer pastors, deaconesses, and lay people are working 
together in spite of hardships and much sacrifice. Our people have great faith. 
They have built churches with light materials, not very substantial but with 
substantial faith. There are buildings for institutes and conferences, hectares of 
coffee, corn, rice, and vegetables, poultry and piggery. But the highlight which I 
observed was not the buildings and plantations of crops, it was the consecrated 
lives of those young people who have offered their unselfish services to help in 
the propagation of the truth." 

Southeast Asia is a strategic area. The opportunity for the Christian Church 
is today. What happens today will largely determine the future. 



DISCUSSION TOPICS FOR CIRCLE PROGRAMS 

1. The Development of Christian Leadership. 

This is emphasized in most of the reports by both the home and 
foreign executive secretaries. See roster, pages 20-31, for the names of 
nationals who are serving as presidents and administrators of institu- 
tions. Note the Crusade Scholars who have returned to fill places of 
leadership. 

2. World Federation of Methodist Women. 

Several of the reports mention the progress of the Woman's 
Societies. 

3. Background for 1956 Study Courses. 

All the reports of the Department of Work in Home Fields contain 
resource material for Mission Field U.S.A., and Miss Clara French in 
her report purposely provided background material for the study on 
Southeast Asia. 

4. Missionary Personnel Needs. 

Present all charts and figures given concerning deaconesses and 
missionaries, and state the case for more workers. 



Christian Social Relations and 
Local Church Activities 

"As you bear rich fruit and prove yourselves niy disciples, my 
Father is glorified." ^ (John 15:8) "By this everyone will recognize 
that you are my disciples, if you have love one for another." ^ (John 
16:35) Thus does MoiTatt translate Jesus' words about the most 
important fruit of discipleship — Christlike love. Today the witness 
of every Christian is world-wide in influence. Recognition of this 
responsibility results in a new sense of community that knows no 
barriers, a new sense of unity that rejoices in ecumenical fellowship, 
and a new sense of opportunity for the expression of Christlike love 
through channels of witnessing as reported in these pages. Thus the 
church not only proclaims but lives the gospel. 

., ,, Mrs. J. Fount Tillman, Chairman 



■ 'i-From The Bible: A New Translation, by James Moffatt. Copyright 1922, 1935, and 1950 by Harper 
and Brothers. Used by permission. 



Report of the Secretaries 

-'■ • Miss Thelma Stevens, Executive Secretary 

Miss Margaret R. Bender, Miss Ethel L. Watkins, Associate Secretaries 

THE most important event in the Christian calendar during the year 1954-55 
was the Second Assembly of The World Council of Churches, convened in 

Evanston, Illinois, August 15-31, 1954. From this Assembly a message of hope 
went forth to Christians in every land, and with it the call to a new commitment to 
work and pray for a world at peace — peace based on "freedom, justice, truth and 
love." The heart of this challenge and commitment was expressed in the following 
words from the Report: 

"This troubled world, disfigured and distorted as it is, is still God's world. He 
rules and overrules its tangled history. In praying 'Thy will be done on earth as it 
is in heaven,' we commit ourselves to seek earthly justice, freedom, and peace for 
all men. Here as everywhere, Christ is our hope. Our confidence lies not in our own 
reason or strength, but in the power that comes from God. Impelled by this faith, 
all our actions will be but humble, grateful, and obedient acknowledgment that He 
has redeemed the world. The fruit of our efforts rests in His hands. We can there- 
fore live and work as those who know that God reigns, undaunted by all the 
arrogant pretensions of evil, ready to face situations that seem hopeless and yet to 
act in them as men whose hope is indestructible." 

It is in the spirit of these words of hope that this brief report of the Depart- 
ment of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities for 1954-55 is written. 
This is the third year of the quadrennium — a year when the eyes of a troubled world 
are focused on our own nation with hope and fear intermingled. The cry from the 
heart of man through the centuries for "the things that belong unto peace" has 
become a great chorus of a billion voices from every land and tongue! Many millions 
of Christians throughout the world have felt the impact of this upsurge of the 
world's people toward freedom, peace, and a measure of life's good resources for the 

149 



150 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

body and spirit as well. The Gospel of Hope — as found in the message of Jesus 
Christ for a distraught age — has become increasingly the leaven from which a new 
world order can grow. This leaven is at work not only through the organized 
channels of the Christian Church, but through the avenues of national governments 
and the United Nations, where the "abundant life for all" and the "gospel of peace" 
have become fixed stars on the horizon toward which the world moves with increased 
momentum, as "walls of hostility" between East and West seem to be shaking at 
their very foundations. 

**Let MS hold true to what we have attainetV^ (Philippians 3:16) 

Methodist women have not been idle! The quadrennial emphasis on the prac- 
tical implications of "the things that belong unto peace" has given direction to 
thousands of Woman's Societies and AVesleyan Service Guilds as they have worked 
to translate the department's program into practical study and action, in an effort 
"to motivate men to work for the good life for all the peoples of the world." This 
sense of direction has 'pointed up with neiv urgency the importance of moving forward 
at greater speed without retrenchment — to keep faith with the gospel we profess to 
believe! This guiding principle is crystal clear, not only in the realm of inter- 
national affairs but also in every local church and community across this nation. 
In the words of the World Council at Evanston: ". . . An international order con- 
formed to the will of God and established in His peace can be achieved only through 
the reconciliation which Christ makes possible. Only thus will those transformed 
attitudes and standards, agreements and practices which alone will insure lasting 
peace become possible. . . . Christians can never accept ... a state of perpetual 
tension leading to inevitable war . . . because God wills peace. . . . The hatreds, 
jealousies, and suspicions with which the world has always been afflicted are 
deepened by racial prejudices and fears, rooted in the sinful human heart and en- 
trenched in law and custom. . . . When we are given Christian insight, the whole 
pattern of racial discrimination is seen as an unutterable offense against God, to be 
endured no longer, so that the very stones cry out. In such moments we under- 
stand more fully the meaning of the Gospel, and the duty of both church and 
Christian." 

As Methodist women at work through all the channels at our disposal, we are 
called "to challenge the conscience of society" and move forward in the spirit of 
reconciliation seeking to make our church and community conform to the spirit and 
teachings of Jesus Christ through whom all the peoples of the world can become 
one without need for the artificial barriers erected by man in so many lands includ- 
ing our own nation. "Our urgent and immediate task is simply to be the creative 
instrument of our God of love." 

"YoM shall be my witnesses — in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria 
and to the end of the earth'^ (Acts 2:8) 

The issues of peace as seen by Christians in this crucial year of history are rooted 
and grounded in "Jerusalem" (our local communities!), in "Judea and Samaria" 
(our nation!), and "the end of the earth" (our neighbors in other lands!). It is 
these issues that have been the focus of our program this year. These issues have 
given great significance to such events and dates as the Bandung Conference 
of Asia and Africa, the Summit Conference of the heads of government from the 
"Big Four" nations, the Atoms for Peace Conference, and the directive from the 
U. S. Supreme Court for desegregation of schools in the U. S. A. Local Community 



Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 151 

U . S. A. is mevitably linked with Local Community Everywhere in the World. That 
makes community issues world issues, and world issues community issues — and 
thereby gives a sense of direction to our practical task as Christians. The following 
emphases have been major concerns of Methodist women during the past year. 

A. "Peace" and the United Nations 

1. The follou'ing action was adopted in January, 1956 : 

"a. The Woman's Division believes that the work done during the past year by the 
United Nations has meant great progress toward the goal of a world where men can 
live together in peace as good neighbors and enjoy better standards of life in larger 
freedom. We have been especially heartened by the Ninth General Assembly's 
unanimous approval of the Atoms for Peace Plan and the leadership given by our 
own nation. We rejoice also in the establishment of an international finance corpora- 
tion as an aid to the underdeveloped countries. We urge our government to further 
the work of the U. N. by doing everything possible to speed the establishment of 
these two new agencies of the U. N., and by making available promptly and with no 
crippling limitations our share of the budget for the U. N. and its Specialized Agencies 
and substantial contributions to the budgets of the U.N. High Commissioner for 
Refugees, U. N. Technical Assistance, and the UNICEF. 

"b. Methodist women are urged to work with increased confidence and urgency in 
their communities and among their representatives in government to secure a better 
understanding of the work of the United Nations and of the part the United States 
needs to play in it, including especially its relations to our foreign policy, 
"c. Attention is called to plans that are under way for observing the tenth anni- 
versary of the organization of U. N. One phase of this planning calls for the selection 
of one hundred communities as pilot projects in the new campaign for community 
understanding of the U. N. This special program is to be launched in April 1955. 
It is recommended that Methodist women cooperate in this efi"ort to reach every 
individual in these communities with information about the U.N. This cooperation 
can be made through the local Council of Church Women or, in cases where United 
Church Women are not represented, directly through the local committee for the 
project." 

2. Ten Years of U.N. 

"Ours is a brave world inhabited by courageous people. The indomitable desire 
of these courageous people for progress has resulted in the achievement of things 
which once seemed beyond human reach." These words were spoken by the repre- 
sentative of a small country, Burma, but they represented the Spirit of San Fran- 
cisco, 1955. Again and again as the delegates from the sixty nations spoke, they 
voiced sentiments like these of Israel's Abba Eban: "The hour which we commemo- 
rate today is rich with enduring memories. It marks a crossroad in the journey of 
a generation that has passed through much affliction on its road to liberty and sur- 
vival. . . . Let us see the labors of this first decade as a mere prelude to the decisive 
journey which will only have reached its destination when all peoples shall dwell 
each 'under his vine and under his fig tree and none shall make them afraid.' " 

It was as if, coming together now after ten years, these sixty nations looked 
about them with new insight and realized suddenly that they really had gotten 
through this crucial first ten years without major disaster, and were now free to take 
their eyes from the immediate points of conflict and tension and to appraise the 
whole situation. The first observation that they made was that obviously this new 
world enterprise was no failure. ''We should not be commemorating but performing 



152 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

an inquest if it were a failure," India's Krishna Menon said simply, paraphrasing 
in his inimitable way what nearly every delegate said. 

Because of the stock-taking wliich went on as they prepared to go to San 
Francisco, there was a relaxing of tense attitudes and a new spirit of working to- 
gether in ways that would have seemed impossible ten years ago. For the 16,000 
people who attended the Festival of Faith the Sunday preceding the meetings, the 
demonstration of this new abihty to do things together came in a very moving form. 
The precommemorative assembly event on the Sunday preceding the meeting began 
with a responsive reading arranged by Howard Thurman from Christian, Moslem, 
Jewish, Confucian, and Buddhist sources. Later in the service U. N. delegates, 
churchmen of the San Francisco area, and the public stood together and prayed 
silently, each in his own language and form. Bahai, Buddhist, Christian-Protestant, 
Christian-Orthodox, Hindu, Jewish, and Moslem prayers were on the program. 

Something of this spirit seemed to carry over to the U.N. meetings on the 
following days. Never has the moment of prayer and meditation with which each 
General Assembly is opened seemed more full of meaning and hope. This hope was 
expressed, too, in the speeches of the representatives of the sixty nations and finally 
summed up by one of Europe's most realistic statesmen, Belgium's Paul-Henri 
Spaak, as, at the closing session, he made his special address as the president of the 
First Assembly. 

The second assessment of the value of the United Nations came in the recogni- 
tion of how important the work of such agencies as the Specialized Agencies, the 
Economic and Social Council, and the Trusteeship Council had been. Here there 
was almost universal agreement and a new sense that this was the fundamental first 
step in making a world really at peace. Especially in regard to trusteeship there 
was evident a new meeting of minds between colonial peoples and those that have 
been colonial powers. This was noteworthy enough to find its way into Paul-Henri 
Spaak's final summary. Remembering the frequency with which the Bandung 
Conference had come into the speeches of the past few days, he said of this new 
better understanding and greater agreement between the peoples of Asia, the peoples 
of Africa, and the peoples of Europe that he thought perhaps, indeed he hoped, that 
it was the result of the Bandung Conference. 

The signposts emerged very clearly. One of these was best expressed by Menon: 
"We would like to see the spreading of the roots of this organization in the next ten 
years. We would like to see it grow in the hearts and minds of the people in our 
villages, our towns and cities, our factories and workshops, so that, whatever its 
structure may be, it will be an organization of the people — for there it is that the 
strength of the world lies and there is every reason to hold to faith. Faith is not a 
matter of taking a chance with destiny. Faith is the reaHzation of truth, however 
dim." 

B. Immigration Policies and Refugees 

1. Consistent action of the Woman's Division through all channels has called 
upon the Congress of this nation to revise the Immigration and Nationahty Act of 
1952 so as to remove all discriminatory provisions based on race, national origin, 
religion, or sex, and to place emphasis on the contributions immigrants will continue 
to make to our nation. This will remain a part of the task of Methodist women until 
the goal has been achieved. (See pamphlet, "I Lift My Lamp," Literature Head- 
quarters, 20 cents.) 

2. The limited provisions of the Refugee Relief Act of 1953 are far from being 
realized because of the many administrative blocks growing out of immigration 



Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 153 

laws and practices of our nation. The securing, before the expiration of the Act, 
December 31, 1956, of sponsors for 5,000 refugee famihes to be brought to this 
country under Methodist auspices has been a major concern of Methodist women 
at work with other groups in their local churches. This process will need new 
momentum in the year ahead if our goal is to be reached! 

C. Technical Assistance 

"Today it is time for a new advance! Technical Assistance is far from being 
the only instrument by which economic and social progress in the less developed 
parts of the world can be effected. It is, however, and will remain, a vital element 
in any international program for cooperation in human progress and for the preser- 
vation of peace." This statement by Dag Hammarskjold points up the importance 
of the effort of Methodist women who seek consistently to urge our government to 
give increasing support to the U. N. Technical Assistance program, even as the 
"unilateral" technical assistance program of the United States continues with added 
momentum. Christians must not lose sight of the fact that the basic groundwork 
for technical assistance was laid through a century of Christian missions throughout 
the world. This initial program pushed forward with the hmited resources of funds 
for Christian missions may well have served as "pilot" projects in so many places, 
making possible the larger programs of U. N. and its member nations. (See A 
Christian's Primer of Technical Assistance and Land Reform. Literature Head- 
quarters — 35 cents.) 

D. Our Children 

1. The shortage of teachers and school facilities has reached a stage requiring 
emergency measures by national and state governments. Federal aid to education 
has become an imperative, but yet Congress has failed to act to meet the need. A 
study of educational needs has been under way and conferences have been held in 
most of the states during the spring of 1955, in preparation for a White House Con- 
ference scheduled for November, 1955. The fact-finding process and results from 
these conferences should be of great importance to Methodist women at work in 
their communities. Five years have gone by since the White House Conference on 
Children and Youth and it is time to take stock of progress made in meeting the 
needs of children and youth. 

2. On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court issued its momentous and historic 
decision that segregation in pubhc schools was a violation of the Constitution of the 
United States. On May 13, 1955, the statement came forth giving direction for the 
implementation of this decision, with the constant reminder that all laws — local, 
state, and federal — requiring or permitting racial segregation in public schools are 
null and void. The responsibility for carrying out this decision was placed squarely 
on local school authorities, with the request that "the courts will require ... a 
prompt and reasonable start toward full compliance with our May 17, 1954, ruHng." 

Considerable progress has been made during the first j-ear since the Supreme 
Court decision, but the speed with which desegregation and full integration are 
achieved will depend upon the skilled leadership in the community and the courage 
of dedicated Christians who practice the "brotherhood" principles they profess to 
believe! The task lies before us. 

E. Our Churches 

The Woman's Division adopted in January, 1952, the Charter of Racial Policies 
and recommended it to jurisdictions and conferences for ratification and further 
implementation in practice. As of June 15, 1955, there were seventy-eight confer- 



154 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

ences that had ratified the Charter. Great progress has been made. Christian 
women in many places have shown great courage and determination to practice the 
principles they profess, sometimes in the face of great pressures and persecution 
from individuals and groups obsessed with fear. In a very few instances some 
Methodist women have fallen prey to such pressures from the community, and as 
a result they have attempted to block progress toward the full recognition and 
acceptance of all of God's children into the life of the church and community. Our 
task in the months ahead is clear! 

The General Conference of The Methodist Church will convene in 1956 and 
doubtless it will look again at the structure and program of The Methodist Church 
in terms of its racial policies. The following words of Dr. Harold Bosley (pp. 96-97, 
What Did the World Council Say to You?) are timely for Methodists who seek to 
be Christian in a day like this: "I have never tried to hide the fact that in my 
judgment the plan to divide the church into geographical jurisdictions was bad 
enough, but the proposal to divide it along racial lines was a sin and a shame. Yet 
given the situation which prevailed ... in 1939, I would have voted for the union 
of the church with even a racial jurisdiction if there were no other road to union. 
I would have voted for it under those conditions for exactly the same reason I would 
vote for a splint to hold a broken bone in proper place for healing. That does not 
mean I am in favor of wearing a splint any longer than is necessary — let alone the 
rest of my life! . . . Until we do cast it off (the "splint"), we will hobble along on 
crutches instead of rising up with wings as eagles." 

It is well also to remember that the "splint" has long existed in conference 
and local churches, until the scars have become deep callouses that will be removed 
only as enough Christians of all races determine to remove them! 

F. Civil Rights and Civil Liberties 

Although the 84th Congress established some rules and provided some safe- 
guards from abuses in Congressional investigation procedures, there is still grave 
danger from the fear and confusion in our national life. We are still menaced with 
undocumented catchall terms like "un-American" and "Communist," and subjected 
to a "trial by the press" method of indictment and smearing good names. Therefore 
the program of the department continues to give emphasis to the need for enactment 
of important legislation to protect our civil rights and civil liberties (See Activities 
for 1954). The publication by the Woman's Division of The Five Year Supplement 
to States' Laws on Race and Color is another indication of the urgency of the need 
for action in this realm of our citizenship responsibility. 

G. The Alcohol Problem 

There is urgent need for constant awareness of the alcohol problem in every 
community. No real concern for family life or the needs of children and youth can 
fail to take account of this issue. (The Handbook for workers on this issue is avail- 
able at the Board of Temperance, 100 Maryland Ave., N.E., Washington, D. C. — 
50 cents.) Methodist women are seeking to work through all the channels of the 
local church on this issue, including the Woman's Society and Wesleyan Service 
Guild. The Voice and Clipsheet of the Board of Temperance provide guidance for 
local groups regularly. (See also "Activities" leaflets of the Department of Christian 
Social Relations and Local Church Activities, and continue to use the filmstrip "Not 
My Community"— $5.00, Department CSR&LCA, 150 Fifth Avenue, New York, 
jointly planned and produced with the Board of Temperance.) 



Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 155 

•"•Workmen That Needeth Not to Be Ashamecr' 

Methodist women have moved forward toward larger concerns for "the things 
that belong unto peace." The results cannot be measured in terms of accomplish- 
ments recorded — but like the mustard seed and the leaven for breads the unending 
line of dedicated individuals and groups makes its power and influence felt on "large" 
and "small" issues and in far and near places! Only a few illustrations as gleaned 
from reports can be recorded here, but these bring new cause for hope. 

Questioti : Can you note any similarity to your own activity in the following? 
Is this yours? 

a. "That They May Have Life" 

"X's Woman's Society of Christian Service had a very interesting study of the 
book, Christianity and Wealth. Our pastor was ill and to keep the church open on 
Sunday evenings we had our study class at that time and invited our husbands. We 
always had a section of the book and then had two or more interesting talks or 
papers on men of wealth who used their money for the benefit of man — and we 
discussed 'The Golden Rule in Business' as illustrated by the J. C. Penney stores. 

"We had the oil superintendent here talk on John D. Rockefeller, as this is an 
oil town. During the study we passed out the leaflet, 'The Social Creed of The 
Methodist Church.' The oil companj' recently gave their retired workers hospital 
insurance which means so much to them. We have three oil companies here in 
town and two of them voted down the pension plan several years ago. There is a 
great contrast between those two and the security the retired men of the other 
company feel with their comfortable homes, their pensions, and now their hospital 
insurance. We cannot take credit for any of this but we have sowed the Social 
Creed lavishly. The housing is so much better than it used to be. The oil shack is 
almost a thing of the past. People are better housed and the old clutter is gone." 

b. "Jesus' Teachings Concerning Women" 

" 'Jesus' Teachings Concerning Women' was our study. The discussion wandered 
to our community problems. As our valley is a haven for retired people and we had 
found in our visiting many lonely elderly people with no social life at all, an idea was 
born. We have a warm, dry, ground-floor, centrally located church; why couldn't 
we sponsor a club for our senior citizens, where they could meet old friends and 
make new ones? Our teacher, who is our Christian Social Relations secretary, moved 
at our executive board meeting to sponsor such a club for all elderly people in our 
community, regardless of race, color, or creed. It was recommended at the general 
meeting and passed. This all sounds so simple — suggest a thing, and vote to do it. 
Lots of meetings and leg work followed. We met with the welfare representatives, 
executive secretary for the Governor on social problems for the aging, the chairman 
of the recreation committee, news editors, and others. All were most cooperative 
with advice. The next thing was for us to ACT. 

"A notice was put in the local paper telling of the first meeting on December 17. 
We made a party of it, using the Christmas theme and served cake and coffee. 
Thirty-one came, and oflScers and a board were elected and the name was chosen. 
Plans were made for future meetings. 

"The Woman's Society helped buy some songbooks, and the first half-hour of 
their meeting is group singing. We furnish the leader and the pianist. Sometimes 
we have an amateur show which the members put on themselves. We were amazed 
to find how willing they were to perform, and such talent! Some sing, tell jokes, 
play the accordian, the violin, and harmonica. The community talent has helped 



156 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

too. We've had wonderful slide pictures, movies, magic shows, flower arrangements, 
pruning demonstration, and the children's clown club performed. They have dis- 
played their own talents, i.e., a beautiful art display, wood carvings, lamp shade 
making, rug making, and others. They play games, such as Chinese checkers, 
dominoes, canasta, lotto, and scrabble." 

c. Comic Books 

"There has been a drive to take the indecent comic books off the newsstands 
and out of the hands of young people and children. Several of the churches have 
been active in this. The local dealers have notified the publishers that they do not 
want to handle such books. The public library is offering new books for ten of the 
undesirable ones." 

d. Unity in Diversity 

"In a community-wide effort to promote genuine international understanding on 
a local level, the people of the area held their third largest U.N. observance last 
October 23 and 24, opening the doors of their homes and churches to foreign students 
and listening to 'the other fellow's point of view' on world affairs. Nearly 300 persons 
crowded into the church to hear six of the guests talk of their homelands. The 
speeches were received warmly by the audience, predominantly of the Methodist, 
A. M. E. Zion, Presbyterian, and Episcopal Churches and the Jewish Center, sponsors 
of the U. N. weekend. 'This is wonderful,' one new resident of the area commented. 
'We never had anything like tliis back in the city.' 'It's good for people to get to 
know each other better, setting aside the artificial barriers of race, nation, and 
religion.' 

e. Family Life Conference 

"Following the lead of Dr. and Mrs. Harry Overstreet and their 'shared speech' 
at the Family Life Conference at Cleveland this fall, my husband, a minister, and I 
worked out a shared talk based on material gleaned from this tremendous conference. 
This shared report has met with outstanding interest. Naturally we are more than 
pleased because we have never done anything of this nature before. Worked out 
originally for our local Woman's Society of Christian Service annual banquet (150 
women), we were able to get valuable information on the Family Life Conference 
across to them in this unique report. 

f . City Park Cleanup 

"An organization was formed, made up of representatives from Methodist, 
Lutheran, Presbyterian, Baptist, Catholic, Christian, and Church of Christ churches. 
Since this organization was set up, known as the Park Board Association, we have 
asked the various civic clubs to join with us in cleaning and maintaining Legion 
Park. A collection was taken at the general meeting of the Woman's Society of 
Christian Service on October 4 for a project resulting from the study just com- 
pleted, Man and God in the City. It was decided to use this money for expenses 
in starting the cleaning of the park. The amount was $28.58. I prepared a copy of 
all that had been done toward this project for the president of the Guild of the 
Presbyterian Church. She presented it to that group and they gave $26.00. A 
similar report was prepared for the ladies of the Lutheran and Baptist churches, but 
as yet their amounts have not been reported." 

g. UNICEF 

"The secretary of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 
secured the film, 'The Children,' from U.N. Headquarters and showed it to the 



Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 157 

IMinisterial Alliance and the P.T.A. She tlien asked their cooperation in sponsoring 
and promoting a UNICEF Trick or Treat on Halloween. The local newspaper gave 
the project a great deal of publicity and as a result, about 200 children showed up 
to participate. They were divided into five groups, and the town divided into five 
sections. All the churches of the town had been briefed on the procedure and each 
church took one of the five groups. The children were given pasteboard milk cartons 
as coin containers and their collections amounted to $146.50. The Chamber of 
Commerce gave $5.00. The town's two milk companies gave the milk cartons. The 
churches were Methodist, Baptist, Christian, Presbyterian, and Catholic. Following 
each drive, which started by the ringing of church bells at 6:00 p.m., each church 
gave a party for the group over which it had supervision. The community coopera- 
tion was simply marvelous and everybody had a wonderful time." 

h. Refugees 

"Our displaced couple from Germany arrived April 9. We rented an apartment 
and furnished it completely, including layette for twins. Also gave them $100 in 
cash on their arrival. Helped them with the twins since their arrival home." 

i. U. N. Community Program 

"We asked the mayor if he would cooperate with us in planning and promoting 
a community-wide program. We did all the secretarial work and made arrangements 
for the committee meeting. Twenty-five letters were sent to the presidents of all 
civic organizations and churches, asking them to attend the organizational meeting. 
Fifteen people came. There were many discouraging comments and uneasy moments, 
but a few of us were determined that we should have some type of observance. After 
much consideration, it was agreed to have the panel discussion presented by members 
of the high school's Modern Problems class. 

"Only one lady in attendance offered to give assistance in promoting this project. 
She was appointed chairman of publicity and was a great help. Three organizations 
agreed later to prepare window displays. The P.E.O. arranged articles from foreign 
countries which proved to be the talk of the town for several days. The V.F.W. 
Auxiliary collected dolls dressed in native costumes from different countries. The 
Wesleyan Service Guild prepared a display showing our dependence on international 
trade, with ribbons showing from what parts of the world the materials came to 
make our refrigerators. A fourth display was similarly arranged showing foods from 
different countries. Posters were shown in the store windows and the local news- 
paper was used to publicize the meeting. It was also announced at the half of the 
last football game preceding the meeting. 

"The school band presented a half-hour concert preceding the panel discussion. 
Some 110 people were there, 35 or 40 being students who participated. After 
January 1, we hope to contact various organizations urging them to have U.N. 
programs, thereby laying a groundwork for a much more elaborate communit\' 
observance next fall." 

"We Must Go Forward Together" 

The key words that have motivated many peoples of the world during the past 
year are imphed in substance in Evanston's uncompromising assertion — "We must 
go forward together." This is true in the realm of the world's political and economic 
spheres of life as well as in the growing spirit of "oneness" among Christians 
throughout the world. This has been illustrated not only by the pronouncements 



158 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

and recommendations found in the Evanston Report of the World Council of 
Churches, but also in the climate of the Tenth Anniversary Assembly of United 
Nations in San Francisco in June. 

This world-wide ground swell demanding an end to wars, even "cold wars," 
was a moving factor in the climate of the Summit Conference and in the hope 
generated by the Atoms for Peace meeting in Geneva. The time is ripe jor commit- 
ting ourselves, our churches, our nations, and our world to a program jor peace with 
justice that knows no retrenchment, calls no halts, and accepts nothing less as its 
goal than a "new earth" — "the new Jerusalem" with the full knowledge that "God's 
dwelling place is with men," and that by His '"light will the nations walk." 

"With this assurance we can face the powers of evil and the threat of death with 
good courage. Delivered from fear we are made free to love. Far beyond the 
judgment of men and the judgment of history lies the judgment of the King who 
died for all men and who will judge us according to what we have done to the least 
of His brethren. Thus our Christian hope directs us toward our neighbor. It con- 
strains us to pray daily 'Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven,' and to act as 
we pray in every area of hfe." (From the Evanston Report) 

In this spirit of hope and assurance, the Department of Christian Social Rela- 
tions and Local Church Activities must continue to project its program. As we go 
into the last year of the quadrennium, it is well to take stock of our achievements 
and responsibilities with special reference to the current quadrennial program based 
on "The Things That Belong Unto Peace." It is increasingly clear that we must 
find additional ways to create "understanding" of peoples and issues that are basic 
to a peaceful world. A sense of "world community" must become stronger in the 
United States. One way to increase understanding of world community is to have 
more opportunities for personal contact with persons of other lands. This contact 
must have a mutual basis of understanding if the best results are to be achieved. 
Therefore, the immediate and long-range emphasis of the department's program 
should be clearly and specifically related to resources and channels that build world 
understanding. The following resources and channels can become basic factors in 
achieving such a goal. 

1. The National Seminar of 1955 with its program theme, "A Christian Woman 
Understanding Her World" can set in motion ideas and motivation that may well 
serve as the foundation for the next quadrennial emphasis. 

2. "Teams" from overseas can be used by the department in a series of special 
workshops and seminars on "understanding" our world and our relation to its 
struggle for peace. 

3. This increased emphasis on world understanding as a basic foundation for 
lasting peace must be an inseparable, integrated part of the studies for 1955-56 — 
"To Combine Our Efforts for Lasting Peace" and "The Christian Mission in a 
Revolutionary World." 

As the department looks at these urgent needs in the years ahead, possibly one 
of its major tasks will be to provide more creative leadership for local women as they 
seek to work more effectively through local church channels, "in a new effort to seek 
together where we live to be His witnesses and servants" among our neighbors. 

As we direct skills, resources, and prayer toward the strengthening of our local 
church, we must ever seek that larger unity of Christian fellowship that knows no 
barriers of race or nation or creed — where we are all one in Christ Jesus, and "go 
forward together" to build "a new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness" and lasting 
peace. 



Appropriations 159 

Appropriations for the Year 

June 1, 1955— May 31, 1956 

Casli Income for Appropriations June 1, 1953— May 31, 1954 $7,763,487.00 

To the Department of Work in Foreign P'iclds: ' $3,790,056.00 

To the Department of Work in Home Fields 3,095,141.00 

To the Department of Christian Social Relations and Local 

Church Activities 43,476.00 

To Woman's Section, Joint Section of Education and Culti- 
vation 376,331.00 

To General Appropriations 458,483.00 



Total Appropriated $7,763,487.00 



DEPARTMENT OF WORK IN FOREIGN FIELDS 

A. Fields: Missionanes Work Budget Total 

Africa $ 209,375 $ 152,505 $ 361,880 

Europe 4,570 4,570 

Japan 134,750 132,095 266,845 

Korea 98,100 181.237 279,337 

Philippines 58,278 90,600 148,878 

South Asia: 

India 222,800 562,637 785,437 

Pakistan 26,900 39,413 66,313 

Southeast Asia and China 109,370 354.899 464,269 

Latin America 190,580 176,455 367,035 



Total $1,050,153 $1,694,411 $2,744,564 

B. Indirect Support of Missionaries 511,661 

C. Cooperative Budget: 

National Council of the Churches of Christ in the 

U. S. A $ 91,298 

Union Colleges 83,232 

Miscellaneous 9,100 



183,630 

D. Nonrecurring Items 170,000 

E. Department Administration 104,400 

F. Contingent (2 per cent of total appropriation) 75,801 



Total $3,790,056 



DEPARTMENT OF WORK IN HOME FIELDS 

A. Fields (Summary) : 

Bureau of Educational Institutions $ 671,570 

Bureau of Social Welfare and Medical Work 639,744 

Bureau of Town and Country Work 330,002 

Bureau of Urban Work 604,344 

Commission on Deaconess Woi k 235,002 



$2,480,662 
Buildings and Equipment 250,000 



Total $2,730,662 



160 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



B. Cooperative Work: 

National Council of the Churches of Christ in the 
U.S.A. — Division of Home Missions: 

General Budget 

Indian Work 

Latin America, Committee on Cooperation in 

Migrant Work 

Missions Public Relations (including Broadcasting 
and Film Commission) 

Social Welfare, Department of 

Spanish-speaking Work, Interdenominational 

Council of 

Town and Country Church, Department of 

Urban Church, Department of 

Total 

Other Cooperative Work: 

John Milton Society for the Blind 

Southern Mountain Workers, Council of 

Southern Regional Council 

Total 

Total Cooperative Work 

C. Educational Grants 

D. General: 

Adjustment Fund 

Advisory Committee Meetings 

Commissioning Service 

Cooperation With Other Agencies 

Group Insurance 

In-Service Training Fund 

Insurance 

Library Service 

Maintenance Fund 

Medical Service 

Missionary and Deaconess Travel 

New Pension Fund 

Norris Scholarship Fund 

Summer Service Training 

Taxes 

Workers in Strategic Areas 

Total 

E. Department Administration: 

Committee Meetings 

Office and Travel 

Salaries — Executive Secretaries and Assistant 

Salaries — Office Secretaries 

Secretarial Assistance 

Total 

F. Contingent Fund (2 per cent of total appropriations) 

Total 



5,780 

3,000 

50 

6,500 

1,275 
250 

160 
800 
600 



$ 18,415 



25 

50 

1,200 



$ 1,275 



7,299 

2,000 

3,000 

4,500 

5,000 

1,000 

105,000 

1,600 

10,000 

1,000 

12,000 

21,500 

2,000 

2,000 

4,000 

5,500 



1,500 
17,000 
37,000 
23,000 

5,000 



19,690 
12,000 



187,399 



83,500 

61,890 

$3,095,141 



Appropriations 161 



DEPARTMENT OF CHRISTIAN SOCIAL RELATIONS 
AND LOCAL CHURCH ACTIVITIES 
Administration : 

Salaries $29,445.00 

Office and Travel 7,500.00 



$36,945.00 



Cultivation : 

Jurisdiction School Subsidies $ 1,000.00 

National Seminar Subsidy 600.00 

Cooperation With Other Agencies — 
National Council of Churches 

Department of Racial and Cultural Relations. $100 

Department of Social Welfare 100 

Others 300 

500.00 

Committees 2,000.00 

Special Promotional Activities 1,560.00 

5,660.00 

Contingent (2 per cent of total appropriations) 871.00 



Total $43,476.00 



WOMAN'S SECTION 
OF THE JOINT SECTION OF EDUCATION AND CULTIVATION 

Administration: 

Salaries: 

Executives and Other Secretaries $ 57,300.00 

Assistants, Office Secretaries and Receptionists 35,968.00 

Office Expense and Travel 26,750.00 

$120,018.00 

Education and Cultivation, Woman's Division: 

Education and Cultivation Materials and Sub- 
sidy to Annual Report $73,000.00 

Quadrennial Program 5,000.00 

Special Membership Expense 30,000.00 

Schools of Missions and Summer Conferences. . 9,000.00 

Cultivation of Theological Schools 1,000.00 

Assembly 10,000.00 

Committees and Special Meetings 10,000.00 

Methodist Youth Fund Promotion 15,750.00 

Audio-Visual 5,000.00 

$158,750.00 

Field Work— salaries and travel 22,100.00 

180,850.00 

Education and Cultivation, with General Section — 

Joint Section of Education and Cultivation: 

Meetings, Conferences, and Committees $ 500.00 

Joint Literature 10,000.00 

Mass Communications Fund 10,000.00 

Interboard Committee on Missionary Education 12,723.00 

Interboard Age Group Literature 1,400.00 

National Conference of Methodist Youth 12,879.00 

Student Conference and Meetings (Regional) 2,000.00 

Youth Institutes and Assemblies 1,600.00 

Interboard Committee on Christian Vocations 3,125.00 

Radio and Film Commission 1,500.00 

International Youth and Student Conferences 300.00 

56,027.00 

6 



162 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Cooperative Budget: 

National Council of Churches of Christ : 
Joint Commission on Missionary 

Education $ 6,437.00 

Washington Office 1,500.00 

Protestant Film Commission 500.00 

Committee on Friendly Relations 

Among Foreign Students 1,500.00 

Student Volunteer Movement 750.00 

United Student Christian Council 250.00 

$ 10,937.00 

World Student Christian Federation 1,000.00 

$ 11,937.00 

Contingent (2 per cent of total appropriations) .... 7,499.00 

Total $376,331.00 

GENERAL APPROPRIATIONS 

Expense of Officers $ 4,500.00 

Treasurer's Office: 

Salaries $ 79,319.00 

Office and Travel 7,500.00 

Audit and Bonding 6,765.00 

93,584.00 

Insurance 750.00 

Board and Committee Meetings 48,000.00 

Pensions for Home Office Staff 22,000.00 

Social Security 6,500.00 

Health Insurance 1,800.00 

Life Insurance 6,700.00 

Accident Insurance 1,567.00 

Rent 40,000.00 

Receptionist — Salary and Expense 3,550.00 

Literature and Publications: 
Editorial Office : 

Salaries $48,609.00 

Office and Travel 9,200.00 

$ 57,809.00 

Publication, Circulation, Production: 

Salaries $22,656.00 

Travel 4,250.00 

26,906.00 

Literature Headquarters : 

New York $5,996.00 

San Francisco 4,272.00 

10,268.00 

■ 94,983.00 

Joint Services: 

Legal Services $ 7,218.00 

Library 4,506.00 

Missionary Personnel 52,671.00 

Recording Secretary 5,862.00 

Literature Sales and Display Room 3,300.00 

Business Department 20,702.00 

— 94,259.00 

World Federation of Methodist Women 1,800.00 

Postage 9,000.00 

Service . 9,500.00 

Telephone 11,000.00 

Contingent (2 per cent of total appropriations) 8,990.00 

Total $458,483.00 



Report of the Treasurer 163 

Report of Treasurer 

Comparisons for the Years Ending May 31, 1955 and 1954 

By Henrietta Gibson, Treasurer 

Increase or 
1955 195^ Decrease* 

Income on Appropriations $8,075,305.01 $7,763,487.49 $311,817.52 

Expenditures on Appropriations. 6,560,810.18 6,256,289.09 304,521.09 

Excess Income over Expenditures $1,514,494.83 $1,507,198.40 $ 7,296.43 

Increa.se in income on appropriations for the year ending May 31, 1955, is 
$311,817.52 over income on appropriations for the year ending May 31, 1954, or a 
4.016 per cent increase. 

Expenditures on appropriations for the year ending May 31, 1955, including 
transfers to reserves for unexpended appropriations of amounts which cannot be 
disbursed currently because of prevailing conditions amounted to $6,560,810.18. 
Details of these expenditures and transfers are given on pages 167-169 of this 
Annual Report. 

The excess of income over expenditures for the year ending May 31, 1955, due to 
an increase in giving on appropriations for the year just closed and for previous 
years, has made it possible to vote from surplus a distribution of $600,000.00 to the 
three departments of the Woman's Division to be used for nonrecurring projects: 

$309,924 for the Department of Work in Foreign Fields 
286,428 for the Department of Work in Home Fields 
3,648 for the Department of Christian Social Relations and 
Local Church Activities 

An additional $100,000.00 was added to the Revolving Fund, making that total 
$600,000.00. 

In addition to the income on appropriations in the General Fund, the Woman's 
Division received during the year, June 1, 1954-May 31, 1955, in its Designated 
Temporary Funds, $1,886,632.26, which includes the following amounts and which 
are given with the comparative amounts for the preceding year: 

1955 1954 

From Bequests $ 186,477.80 $ 94,394.71 

From Cash for Supply Work 852,452.24 787,316.32 

From Week of Prayer and Self-Denial Gifts 483,023.67 463,571.03 

From Supplementary and Miscellaneous Gifts... 358,863.43 383,397.50 

From Assembly Offering 5,815.12 96,761.55 

$1,886,632.26 $1,825,441.11 

Total income for the year was, therefore, $9,961,937.27. Last year total income 
was $9,588,928.60. 

Endowment Fund principal increased $40,247.42 during the year. Annuity 
agreements issued during the year amounted to $141,236.91. The treasurer of the 
Woman's Home Missionary Society transferred to the Woman's Division during the 
year annuity agreements totaling $372,605.82. Pension Funds increased $2,043,865.74 
which included transfers from other Woman's Division funds, $1,766,238.38 from the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society and $50,000.00 from the Woman's Home 
Missionary Society. 



164 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

COMPARATIVE BALANCE SHEET, 

ASSETS 

May 31, 1955 May 31, 1954 

Permanent and Restricted Funds Assets: 

Annuity Fund Assets (Note 3) : 
Bonds and stocks (Note 2) (at 

market quotations, 1955, $1,481,- 

290; 1954, $1,001,716)..... $ 1,460,714.92 $ 1,004,830.38 

Life annuity insurance policies, at 

cost 269,140.75 292,040.41 

Cash in banks 32,521.90 28,380.95 

$ 1,762,377.57 $ 1,325,251.74 

Permanent Fund Assets: 

Bonds and stocks (Note 2) (at 

market quotations, 1955, $3,424,- 

890; 1954, $2,750,286) $ 2,265,475.81 $ 2,079,986.51 

Real estate mortgages, at cost less 

amortization 490,193.75 499,811.25 

Cash in banks 36,532.73 22,818.28 

2,792,202.29 2,602,616.04 

Pension Funds Assets: 

Bonds and stocks (Note 2) (at 

market quotations, 1955, $4,726,- 

766; 1954, $3,897,931) $ 3,810,410.49 $ 3,414,326.06 

Life annuity insurance policies, at 

cost (Note 4) 1,623,619.26 

Cash in banks 85,070.30 60,908.25 

5,519,100.05 3,475,234.31 

Safekeeping and Restricted Funds 

Assets : 

Bonds (Note 2) (at market quota- 
tions, $58,144) $ 59,150.75 

Cash in banks 4,577.07 $ 33,169.05 

63,727.82 33,169.05 

$10,137,407.73 $ 7,436,271.14 

Designated Temporary Funds Assets: 

Bonds and stocks (Note 2) (at mar- 
ket quotations, 1955, $15,691,630; 

1954, $13,078,130) $12,935,610.77 $11,399,826.26 

Note receivable 45,000.00 85,000.00 

Real estate mortgage at principal 

amount less amortization 2,459.45 1,228.51 

Balance of advances for construc- 
tion of hospital (Note 5) 120,000.00 • 220,000.00 

Cash in banks 1,713,457.72 2,054,611.16 

14,816,527.94 13,760,665.93 

General Fund Assets: 

Cash in banks and on hand $ 2,087,516.29 $ 1,932,696.48 

Advances : 
Board of Missions for interdivision 

services and to others 47,846.51 52,598.81 

Ensuing year appropriations 283,188.97 257,772.69 

Land, buildings, and equipment at 

nominal amount 1.00 1.00 

2,418,552.77 2,243,068.98 

$27,372,488.44 $23,440,006.05 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of this balance sheet. 



Report of the Treasurer 165 

May 31, 1955, and May 31, 1954 

FUNDS, LIABILITIES, A^D RESERVES 

May 31, 1955 May 31, 1954 

Permanent and Restricted Funds: 

Annuity Fund (Note 3) : 
Annuity agreements outstanding, 

at face amounts $ 1,783,912.03 $ 1,351,879.17 

Matured annuities, undesignated. 41,380.70 32,197.32 

Overexpended income 79,102.40* 73,642.63* 

Net profit on sale of securities. . . . 16,187.24 'l4, 817.88 

$ 1,762,377.57 $ 1,325,251.74 

Permanent Funds: 

Permanent Fund principal $ 1,948,580.95 $ 1,908,333.53 

Unexpended income: 

For specific purposes 145,993.96 117,137.18 

Unallocated income from in- 
vestments 275,860.22 258,468.88 

Net profit on sale of securities... 421,767.16 318,676.45 

2,792,202.29 2,602,616.04 



Pension Funds (Note 6) 5,519,100.05 3,475,234.31 



Safekeeping and Restricted Funds 63,727.82 33,169.05 



$10,137,407.73 $ 7,436,271.14 

Designated Temporary Funds : 

Fund Balances: 

Crusade for Christ funds $ 1,138,025.42 $ 1,181,342.78 

Week of Prayer funds 1,740,718.65 1,409,474.31 

Other designated funds 6,695,142.27 6,160,307.84 

Reserve for unexpended appropri- 
ations 2,883,415.97 2,724,012.13 

Allocated surplus to be designated 

by departments 1,456,857.12 1,626,560.98 

Unexpended investment income.. 347,007.15 279,852.89 

Net profit on sale of securities 435,361.36 159,115.00 



$14,696,527.94 $13,540,665.93 

Mortgage note payable (Note 5) . . . 120,000.00 220,000.00 

14,816,527.94 13,760,665.93 

General Fund: 

Accounts payable $ 14,515.39 $ 17,310.22 

Missionary salaries payable 9,181.97 8,069.64 

Revolving fund 600,000.00 500,000.00 

Surplus, per statement annexed 1,794,855.41 1,717,689.12 

2,418,552.77 2,243,068.98 



$27,372,488.44 $23,440,006.05 

Indicates red figure. 



166 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

NOTES TO THE COMPARATIVE BALANCE SHEET 

1. The Division has followed the practice of accounting for funds, assets, and 
liabilities transferred by various uniting organizations, in accordance with the plan 
of unification of The Methodist Church, only when such funds and assets have been 
received by the Division. The permanent, restricted and other funds and assets 
transferred by various uniting organizations to the Woman's Division on or before 
May 31, 1955 and 1954, respectively, have been included in the accompanying balance 
sheet on the basis of amounts and provisions approved by the Executive Committee 
of the Division. The date or time of the transfer of the remaining assets and lia- 
bilities has not been definitely determined. 

Assets, liabilities and income and expenses of certain operating units of the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service such as Literature Headquarters and The 
Methodist Woman are not included in the accompanying financial statements. 
Such units operate independently and maintain separate records. 

Furniture and fixtures at headquarters and the Division's substantial interests in 
certain Christian centers, missions, hospitals, and schools in the United States and 
foreign countries are included in the accompanying balance sheet at a nominal 
amount. 

2. Investments in bonds, stocks, and mortgages are included in the accompany- 
ing balance sheet at amounts which represent cost or amounts assigned thereto by 
the Division at the time of acquisition. The Division, in accordance with its regular 
practice, does not accrue interest on its investments nor amortize premiums on bonds 
purchased. The market value of mortgages is not readily determinable. 

3. Article IV, Section 45 of the Insurance Law of the State of New York requires 
the segregation of Annuity Funds assets as separate and distinct from all other 
funds, which assets are not applicable to the payment of debts other than annuity 
benefits, together with the maintenance of prescribed minimum reserves for annuity 
contracts. On the basis of a calculation of the reserve as of December 31, 1954, sub- 
mitted to the New York State Department of Insurance, the assets of the Annuity 
Fund appear to be adequate to meet the reserve requirement. 

4. During the current fiscal year, the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of 
The Methodist Episcopal Church assigned to the Division life annuity insurance 
pohcies covering certain participants in that organization's pension plan. Such fife 
annuity pohcies are stated at the cost thereof, $1,623,619.26. 

5. The costs of construction of the Bataan Memorial Methodist Hospital in 
Albuquerque, New Mexico, title to which is held by the Division, was financed in 
part by a $400,000 loan from an insurance company, for which loan the property 
was pledged as security. The loan, which is to be amortized at the annual rate of 
$80,000 with interest at 4% per cent on the unpaid balance thereof, had been 
reduced to $120,000 at May 31, 1955. 

6. Based upon actuarial studies made to determine the Hability existing at 
May 31, 1953, under the various pension funds of the Division, an annual contribu- 
tion of $352,197 is necessary over a period of twenty-five years, together with the 
income from investments, to meet such unfunded liability and current service pen- 
sion requirements. At May 31, 1955, there was a deficiency of approximately 
$107,000 in contributions required to that date for Home pensions and an excess 
of approximately $154,000 of contributions required over the estimated liability for 
Foreign pensions. 



GENERAL FUND 
COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES AND SURPLUS 



For the Fiscal Years Ended May 31, 1955 and 1954 



1955 



Income: 

From pledges and other contributions 
for: 

General appropriations 

Conference work 

Memberships 

Memorials 

Specials and miscellaneous gifts 

Enrolled missionary pension fund 

Deaconess pension fund 

Missionary and deaconess temporary 
disability fund 

Allocation of investment income from 
Permanent and Pension funds 

Total income (Note 1) 

Expenditures on Appropriations (includ- 
ing transfers to reserve for unex- 
pended appropriations) : 
Department of Work in Home Fields. . . $2,826,455.90 
Department of Work in Foreign Fields 2,941,766.21 
Department of Christian Social Rela- 
tions and Local Church Activities.. 38,068.19 
Woman's Section of the Joint Section of 

Education and Cultivation 347,165.45 

General appropriations 407,354.43 

Total expenditures on appropria- 
tions (including amounts unex- 
pended and transferred to re- 
serve for unexpended appropria- 
tions, $463,879.53 in 1955; $476,- 
837.43 in 1954) 

Excess of income over expendi- 
tures on appropriations 

Surplus : 
Balance at beginning of year 

Deduct, as authorized by the Executive 
Committee: 

Expenditures from surplus $ 97,484.46 

Transfer to increase Revolving fund. . 100,000.00 
Reimbursement of Designated Tempo- 
rary funds for 1954 Assembly ex- 
penses 22,137.38 

Surplus allocated to Designated Tem- 
porary funds to be expended as des- 
ignated by departments (Note 2) . . 1,217,706.70 



1954 



,189,730.74 

249,563.00 

484,476.40 

18,561.00 

13,080.86 

1,258.70 

68,488.06 



$8,025,158.76 

50,146.25 
$8,075,305.01 



$6,898,158.79 

264.556.00 

451,062.44 

18,240.00 

10,900.71 

1,167.84 

69,264.13 

20.00 

$7,713,369.91 

50,117.58 
$7,763,487.49 



$2,684,074.67 
2,869,946.09 

35,775.29 

304,623.99 
361,869.05 



6,560,810.18 

$1,514,494.83 

1,717,689.12 
$3,232,183.95 



6,256,289.09 

$1,507,198.40 

1,552,421.58 
$3,059,619.98 



67,717.91 
100,000.00 



Balance at end of year. 



1,437,328.54 
$1,794,855.41 



1,174,212.95 



1,341,930.86 
$1,717,689.12 



NOTES : 

1. In addition to the income shown above, designated and undesignated contributions, bequests and other receipts, 
aggregating $2,866,854,65 and $2,420,962.89, were received during the fiscal years ended May 31, 1955 and 1954, 
respectively, and included in Designated Temporary funds. Unallocated investment Income has also been included 
in Designated Temporary funds. 

2. It is the practice of the Division to allocate from surplus to the Foreign, Home and Christian Social Relations 
Departments the unexpended portions of their annual appropriations. Such unexpended balances and other allocations 
for the fiscal year ended May 31, 1955 are as follows: 

Unexpended Other 

Totals Appropriation s Allocations 

Foreign $ 907,575.79 $597,651.79 $309,924.00 

Home 304,475.10 18,047.10 286.428.00 

Christian Social Relations 5,655.81 2,007.81 3,648.00 

$1,217,706.70 $617,706.70 $600,000.00 



168 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURES ON APPROPRIATIONS 
For the Year Ended May 31, 1955 
Department of Work in Home Fields : 

Home Fields : 

Commission on Deaconess Work $ 209,202.00 

Bureau of Educational Institutions 611,064.00 

Bureau of Social Welfare and Medical Work 491,259.00 

Bureau of Town and Country Work 275,252.69 

Bureau of Urban Work 423,275.00 

$2,010,052.69 

Conference Work 249,563.00 

Buildings and Equipment 250,000.00 

$2,509,615.69 

Cooperative Work 19,400.00 

Miscellaneous — insurance, meetings, library service, etc. 190,190.78 

Educational Grants 4,272.59 

Administration 69,893.23 

Contingent 33,083.61 

Total $2,826,455.90 



Department of Work in Foreign Fields: 

Foreign Fields: 
Africa — 

Angola $ 29,492.11 

Central Congo 62,430.53 

Southern Rhodesia 61,828.59 

Liberia 20,702.76 

Southern Congo 19,482.50 

Mozambique 27,403.26 

North Africa 41,725.66 

Africa General 31,408.97 

Asia — 

Borneo $ 16,338.85 

Burma 30,328.88 

China 6,543.65 

India 702,117.73 

Japan 230,989.94 

Korea 221,228.68 

Malaya 65,965.73 

Pakistan 46,158.77 

Philippine Islands 116,702.80 

Sumatra 8,935.00 

Latin America — 

Argentina $ 28,081.87 

Brazil 81,155.76 

Chile 2,500.00 

Cuba 64,005.52 

Mexico 76,629.78 

Peru 19,226.85 

Uruguay 13,602.51 

Latin America General 16,940.53 

Gain on Exchange 



$ 294,474.38 



1,445,310.03 



302,142.82 
48,174.40 



$2,090,101.63 



Report of the Treasurer 



169 



Salary Adjustment $ 134,664.15 

Indirect Support of Missionaries 268,550.07 

Cooperative Work 150,241.00 

Nonrecurring 159,000.00 

Administration 104,470.11 

Contingent 34,739.25 

Total $2,941,766.21 

Department of Christian Social Relations and 
Local Church Activities : 

Administration $ 33,125.00 

Cultivation 4,943.10 

Total $ 38,068.10 

Woman's Section, Joint Section of 
Education and Cultivation: 

Administration $ 105,044.10 

Education and Cultivation 228,446.69 

Cooperative Work 11,937.00 

Contingent 1,737.66 

Total $ 347,165.45 

General Appropriations : 

Officers' Travel $ 4,000.00 

Treasurer's Office 87,857.50 

Committees, Meetings 47,699.57 

Pensions, Rent, Social Security 77,006.46 

Editors' Offices 46,093.12 

Publication, Production, Circulation 34,083.44 

Joint Services of the Board of Missions 97,868.83 

World Federation of Methodist Women 1,700.00 

Postage 8,999.60 

Contingent 2,045.91 

Total $ 407,354.43 

Total Expenditures on Appropriations $6,560,810.18 




5.90«>/o GENERAL 
"APPROPRIATIONS 



A.BSVo SECTION OF 
EDUCATION & CULTIVATION 

.56 Vo DEPARTMENT OF 
CHRISTIAN SOCIAL RELATIONS 
AND LOCAL CHURCH ACTIVITIES 



Section of Education and Cultivation 

An evidence of discipleship is to be found in the re- 
ports which describe the variety of work accomplished 
by the Section. The fruits of such labors bear witness to 
the devotion and interest of Woman's Society of Christian 
Service members everywhere. As these reports are studied 
let every woman know that she had a part in producing 
these fruits of discipleship. 

Mrs. John M. Pearson, Chairman 

Organization and Promotion 

By Miss Dorcas Hall, Executive Secretary 

Mrs. Maude White Hardie, Assistant to Executive Secretary 

THROUGH this quadrennium, the thought of Discipleship, "unuttered or ex- 
pressed," has been at the heart of emphases and plans. What has been 
accomplished has been the result of service performed in this spirit by thou- 
sands of women across the land. We rejoice that this year has seen 116,935 new 
members joining this fellowship. 

Reporting — A more accurate, though still incomplete, picture of the sta- 
tistical status and emerging trends comes through the reports received quarterly 
from conferences. The supplying free to societies of the Record and Report Book 
has meant not only better response but has encouraged the use of the regular blanks 
by small Societies and the abandoning of the outmoded modified plan reports. This 
year, 13 total conferences and 288 districts have had reports from every Society for 
one or more quarters. This is an improvement over every former year. 

Theological Schools — Presenting the course on the Work of the Woman's 
Society of Christian Service in the Local Church, as part of a regular course at 
Methodist Theological Schools, proves increasingly worth while. With a view to 
having closer cooperation as to the presentation, a conference was held in January, 
1955, with the deans of the Schools of Theology. 

In the summer of 1954 a five-weeks' course was given at the Candler School 
of Theology, Emory University. At Perkins School of Theology, Southern Meth- 
odist University, the course was given for supply pastors. At Garrett Biblical 
Institute, Drew, Westminster, and Boston University, the presentation was made 
through lectures given in the course on Church Administration by a representative 
of the Woman's Division. At Iliff School of Theology, a week was given to the 
course. The University of Southern California presented the course in the spring 
of 1955, as did Duke and Gammon. 

Promotional Plans — The Methodist Woman has continued to print names 
of lOO-per-cent Societies — those where every woman member of the church is a 
member of the Woman's Society of Christian Service, and names of lOO-per-cent 
organized districts — those where every church has a Society or Guild or member or 
members. Two hundred and ninety-five such Societies and thirty such districts have 
been newly reported this year. The number of "unorganized" churches has been 
further reduced to 5,966. 

The Widening Fellowship Treasure Chests will continue to be in use till the 
end of the quadrennium. They have proved a worth-while means of education, even 
if there had been no financial return. The latter, however, has been highly en- 
couraging: various districts and conferences report meeting their pledges, due to 

170 



Section of Education and Cultivation 



171 



the receipts from the Treasure Chests, while many other conferences have gone 
over their pledges. The emphasis on people as the treasures chiefly to be sought 
has continued. 

A check-sheet has been printed in The Methodist Woman, leaving leeway 
for local conferences or Societies to adapt to their own needs. 

A poster was sent free to every Society, entitled The Purpose of the Woman's 
Society of Christian Service. This is the third in a series of free posters through 
the quadrennium. 

The leaflet on Circles has been revised and in part rewritten. A Widening Way 
and Oh Yes You Can! have been brought up to date and reprinted. The leaflet on 
Organized Circuits has been discontinued. My Date Book was prepared again. 

Four pages entitled "Chart and Compass" have been given to organization 
and promotion each month in The Methodist Woman, and one additional general 
page in the interests of education and cultivation has been prepared. 

Leadership Training has been given special attention this year. At the meet- 
ing of the Standing Committee on Organization in September, 1954, Dr. Kenneth 
Benne of the Human Relations Center, Boston University, interpreted new tech- 
niques and led the group in methods of role playing, directed toward increasing 
attendance at district and subdistrict meetings. 

Excerpts from "How to Be a Modern Leader" and from "Leadership Digest" 
have been shared through quarterly letters to jurisdiction and conference secretaries 
of Promotion: information on "Meeting Techniques" also has been shared. 

Fifteenth Anniversary — Plans for the observance of the Fifteenth Anniversary 
were purposely held back until after June 1, 1955, with the suggestion that the 
observance be completed by December 31, 1955. However, letters from local 
women, through their district and conference secretaries of Promotion, were invited, 
on the topic "What Membership in the Woman's Society of Christian Service Means 
to Me." Each conference was asked to share an outstanding letter with the Divi- 
sion office of Education and Cultivation. From the 140 received, one from each 
jurisdiction was used in The Methodist Woman, and quotations from many more. 

The letters bore witness to help received spiritually, intellectually, socially. It 
is a joyous witness: an indication of the sharing process inherent in the maturing 
of the Fruits of Discipleship. 

740 Pa^ Ifea^^ 'ReeouL 



Total Adult Membership CSocietij and Guild) 



1954 


/, 786, 566 






1955 


/,8tl,870 




Number of Societies 


1954 


30,573 






1955 


50,649 




Increase on Appropriations 


1954 


7,763,487.49 






1955 


8,075.505.0/ 




172 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



SUMMARY OF ANNUAL REPORTS— 1954-55 
From the 103 Conference Woman's Societies of Christian Service 

Junet 1955 

Miss Dorcas Hall, Executive Secretary, 
Section of Education and Cultivation 



Conference 


Number 
Societies 


Member- 
ship 
Woman's 
Society 


Total Adult 
Membership 

(WSCS— 
V/SG) 


New 

Societies 


New 

Members 

'54-'55 


Unorgan- 
ized 
Churches 


Subscribers to 


T.M.W. 


W.O. 


Northeastern Jurisdiction- 


505 
253 
418 
314 
280 
151 
252 
191 
144 

79 
318 
259 
240 
215 
355 
338 
412 
310 
846 
308 

34 


33,085 
17,191 
19,578 
18,851 
18,840 
6,841 
17,437 
14,971 
7,574 
3,158 
16,985 
11,190 
16,198 
10,480 
23,819 
23,429 
25,873 
19,317 
34,177 
17,138 
896 


34,139 
17,474 
19,994 
19,141 
19,259 
6,841 
18,397 
15,319 
7,614 
3,390 
17,505 
11,8.39 
17,167 
10,772 
23,951 
24,535 
26,653 
19,828 
36,811 
17,611 
956 


4 


2,155 

563 

477 

860 

813 

382 

1,052 

606 

428 

117 

543 

703 

945 

446 

1,016 

1,212 

1,425 

985 

2,203 

920 


14 
2 
128 
63 
29 
73 
28 
14 
18 


5,158 

1,498 

1,746 

2,678 

2,016 

333 

1,950 

954 

631 

304 

1,672 

962 

1,868 

912 

2,247 

2,211 

3,347 

1,549 

5,881 

1,755 

15 


2,192 


Central New York. .. . 


642 




4 
6 
2 
6 
2 


593 


Erie ... 


1,175 




894 


Maine .... 


159 


Newark . 


915 




552 


New England Southern 


1 
2 
3 
8 
4 
1 
9 
5 
5 
4 
28 
3 
3 


324 
121 




18 

68 

27 

17 

17 

14 

38 

110 

533 

6 


744 


New York. 


509 


New York East 


966 




442 


Peninsula 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

Troy... 


635 
1,050 
1,515 

744 


West Virginia 


1,851 
679 


Puerto Rico (Prov. Conf.) 


15 








Totals 


6,222 

414 
416 
668 
329 
327 
378 
340 
480 
699 
684 
323 
706 
473 
370 
1,008 
878 
43 


357,028 

14,156 
33,625 
26,282 
12,274 
11,069 
15,910 
12,072 
21,318 
31,216 
26,942 
10,083 
30,920 
20,017 
13,456 
51,605 
40,231 
1,146 


369,196 

16,351 
36,794 
30,546 
13,820 
12,068 
19,167 
13,903 
24,673 
33,842 
33,413 
11,867 
34,767 
23,378 
15,882 
55,259 
45,019 
1,158 


100 

20 
14 
18 
19 
22 
14 

6 
18 
26 
24 

8 
18 
17 
17 
22 
35 


17,851 

1,428 
4,746 
2,679 

860 
1,178 
1,759 

786 
1,919 
2,873 
1,798 
1,089 
2,865 
1,897 
1,252 
3,499 
4,247 


1,199 

241 

26 
335 

39 
232 
151 
179 
367 

39 

124 

177 

3 

98 
304 
135 
178 


39,687 

3,719 
8,186 
5,706 
2,676 
2,302 
3,990 
2,397 
4,698 
6,753 
4,612 
1,814 
6,882 
4,321 
2,935 
7,792 
7,200 


16,717 


Southeastern Jurisdiction — 


1,702 


Florida... 


4,932 




2,752 


Kentucky 


950 




1,077 




2,067 


Mississippi 


832 




1,601 




2,298 




2,107 




758 




2,648 




1,715 




1,212 




3,650 




2,340 


Cuba (Prov. Conf.). 
















Totals 


8,536 

120 

58 

206 

53 

65 

140 

125 

88 

140 

114 

234 

91 

65 

128 

230 

205 

127 


372,322 

1.899 
1,651 
6,168 
1,284 
1,396 
2,306 
5,800 
1,886 
2,153 
1,478 
3,463 
770 
1,946 
1,833 
1,599 
5,918 
2,569 


421,907 

2,058 
1,775 
6,689 
1,378 
1,612 
2,440 
6,496 
2,083 
2,391 
1,491 
3,559 
800 
2,228 
2,074 
1,625 
6,634 
2,832 


298 
5 


34,875 

374 

38 

276 

9 

40 

40 

416 

158 

31 

39 

16 

7 

14 

344 

106 

128 

13 


2,628 
5 


75,983 

112 

273 

1,186 

195 

91 

32 

1,148 

101 

348 

264 

140 

98 

163 

412 


32,641 


Central Jurisdiction- 


62 




1.30 




3 


13 
10 


365 




63 


Florida . 




10 




3 


48 


12 




359 




5 

3 


14 
45 
17 
3 
14 


20 


Mississippi 


71 




72 




6 
1 

2 

20 
2 


74 




20 




85 


Texas. 


7 


145 






Washington 

West Texas 




506 
308 


125 




158 










Totals 


2,189 


44,119 


48,165 


50 


2,049 


176 


5,377 


1,771 







Section of Education and Cultivation 



173 



Summary of Annual Reports — Continued 



Conference 


Number 
Societies 


Member- 
ship 
Woman's 
Society 


Total Adult 
Membership 

(WSCS— 
WSG) 


New 

Societies 


New 

Members 
'54-'55 


Unorgan- 
ized 
Churches 


Subscr 


bers to 


T.M.W. 


W.O. 


North Central Jurisdiction- 
Detroit 


507 
617 
493 
471 
429 
387 
125 
675 
425 
417 
266 
1,020 
355 
174 
301 
236 
222 


38,802 
40,167 
27,491 
41,913 
28.486 
28,373 
4,578 
49,763 
27,050 
39,294 
19,854 
68,118 
33,518 
10.172 
13.301 
11,891 
16,238 


39,991 
41,728 
29,377 
43,915 
29.710 
29,741 
4,901 
52.172 
28.690 
40.8.58 
20,666 
70,964 
35,121 
10,635 
15,180 
12,393 
16,806 


1 

2 
11 
3 
6 

1 

6 

3 


2,644 

1,484 

1,939 

2,107 

1,337 

1,580 

221 

2.454 

1.415 

2.016 

758 

1,384 

2,475 

573 

568 

949 

955 


10 
36 
35 

28 

22 
7 
5 

62 
6 
4 

15 

142 

7 

20 
124 

27 
2 


5,289 
4.877 
4.862 
6.481 
3,709 
3,924 
873 
6,399 
5,005 
5.058 
3.286 
9,390 
4,274 
1,089 
2.827 
1.601 
2,455 


2.518 


Illinois . . 


2 567 




2.147 




2 443 




2 069 




1.379 


North Dakota. ... 


360 


North-East Ohio 


2 615 




2.046 


North Iowa. . . 


1 876 




1 

6 
1 
1 
12 
1 
3 


1.404 


Ohio. 


3 655 




1 751 




507 




888 


West Wisconsin 


675 




1,176 






Totals 

South Central Jurisdiction- 


7,120 

400 
257 
207 

63 
342 
216 
323 
286 
423 
110 
301 
248 
266 

73 
247 
313 
259 
397 
301 


499,009 

.32,667 
12,386 
11,921 
943 
24,346 
10,798 
13,448 
11,548 
29,492 

6,712 
12,330 
15,541 
11,469 

1,569 
12,384 
14,427 
15,926 
22,947 
17,146 


522,848 

34,671 
14,545 
13,503 
946 
25,888 
12,527 
15,394 
12,495 
31,346 

7,558 
15,024 
18,037 
13,557 

1,690 
14,111 
15,955 
18,482 
25,922 
18,868 


58 

5 

7 

7 

7 

3 

15 

18 

3 

1 

1 

6 

12 

11 

5 

6 

8 

2 

24 
8 


24,839 

2,021 

1,181 

1,366 

86 

1,514 

859 

1,750 

899 

1,691 

952 

848 

1,819 

1,401 

85 

954 

721 

1,535 

3,259 

1,514 


552 

19 

103 

15 

24 

30 

141 

78 

122 

9 

6 

218 

83 

43 

2 

114 

66 

17 

208 

9 


71,399 

6,409 
3,426 
2,188 

101 
3,641 
2.3.30 
4.017 

525 
5,605 
1.696 
2,348 
4,479 
4,074 

124 
2,905 
3,255 
5.594 
6.607 
3.350 


30,076 
2,985 


Central Texas... 


1 653 


East Oklahoma. . . . 


865 




93 




1,246 


Little Rock. 


1,027 




1,781 




138 




1,878 


New Mexico 


843 




929 


North Texas. 


2,329 




2,484 




97 


St. Louis . 


1,121 




1.279 




2.719 


Texas. 


2,949 


West Oklahoma 


1,430 


Totals 


5,032 

10 

320 

192 

20 

56 

115 

153 

254 

342 

33 

34 

21 


278,000 

484 

25,216 

17.045 

550 

4,652 

6,3.30 

11,853 

18,987 

41,121 

2,527 

707 

1,281 


310,519 

504 

26,849 

18,166 

571 

4,942 

6,611 
12.698 
20,138 
44,053 

2,687 
707 

1,309 


149 

2 
6 
2 


24,455 

119 

2,097 

1,149 

115 

338 

720 

1,316 

1.847 

4,963 

118 

13 

71 


1,307 

14 
15 
13 

7 


62,674 

127 

4.010 

2,596 

103 

819 

922 

2,169 

3.297 

7.598 

269 

16 

40 


27,846 


Western Jurisdiction— 


100 


California-Nevada 


2,640 
1,110 


Hawaii Mission ... 


103 






435 




3 

4 
5 
5 

1 
1 
1 


10 
14 
10 
10 
6 
1 
4 


377 




1,173 


Pacific Northwest ... 


1.668 


Southern California-Arizona 

Wyoming State. 


5,326 
106 


Latin American (Prov. Conf.). . 
Pacific Japanese (Prov. Conf.) . . . 


11 
26 




1,550 
30,649 
30,373 


130,753 
1,681,231 
1,657,882 


139,2.35 
1,811,870 
1,786,566 


30 
685 
734 


12,866 
116,935 
123,266 


104 
5,966 
6,350 


21.966 
277.086 
269,909 


13,075 


Grand Totals, 1954-.55 

Grand Totals, 1953-54 


122,126 
119,474 



Quadrennial Goals — The theme and emphases have been related to the work 
through program planning. The goal "A World Church" became more famUiar 
and meaningful when the World Council of Churches met in Evanston, lUinois, 
in August, 1954. The goal of Widening Fellowship reveals new aspects on all levels, 
local to world wide, as the women try in all sincerity to make it real. 



174 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Missionary Education 

By Miss Elizabeth Stinson, Secretary 



SUMMARY OF REPORTS OF MISSIONARY EDUCATION, 1955 i 





IX 

III 


I 
a 
n 

g 

¥ 




r^ 


Number of Study Classes | 


2 

" as"* 

II 

■5' 
r 


Z 


JimlSDICTION 






> 

i 


2 

H 

2 


III 

5' 5 3- 


1 °- 


mber attending 
urisdiction and 
onference Schools 
f Missions and 
Christian Service . . . 


Central ... 


895 
4,452 
2,723 
4,089 
6,309 

959 


822 
1,201 

712 
1,099 
1,881 

273 


473 
1,631 

993 
1,916 
2,481 

513 


940 
5,947 
4,698 
13,316 
16,281 
2,232 


10,881 
87,746 
80,757 
220,051 
300,082 
42,698 


232 
2,394 
1,382 
5,082 
5,954 

579 


2,2.56 1 
8,536 3 
8,699 3 
8,214 8 
21,946 8 
7,967 1 


,620 
,152 
,262 
,173 
,165 
,413 


1 847 


North Central . . . 


6 Oil 


Northeastern 


3,153 


South Central... 


3 782 




4,078 




1,636 






Totals 


19,427 


5,988 


8,007 


43,414' 


742,215' 


15,623 « 


57,618' 25,785' 


20,507* 











REPORT OF 1954 JURISDICTION SCHOOLS 



No. in 

Jurisdiction Attendance 

Central 129 

North Central 198 

Northeastern 276 

South Central 406 

Southeastern 255 

Western 82 

Total 1 , 346 



No. Enrolled 


No. Board of 


in Credit 


Education 


Classes 


Credits 


114 


112 


165 


155 


257 


243 


431 


391 


208 


204 


76 


75 



1,251 



1,180 



1954 CONFERENCE SCHOOLS AND INSTITUTES 



Conference 
Central Jurisdiction: 

Central Alabama 

Central West 

Delaware 

East Tennessee 

Florida 

Georgia 

Lexington 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Southwest 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Upper Mississippi 

Washington 

West Texas 

Total 





No. enrolled 


No. Board of 


No. in 


in Credit 


Education 


Attendance 


Classes 


Credits 


59 


45 


42 


83 


57 


43 


100 


85 


84 


51 


41 


32 


45 


39 


33 


62 


60 


25 


217 


167 


130 


58 


50 


43 


53 


50 


44 


33 


29 


28 


46 


46 


34 


82 


74 


68 


45 


41 




89 


77 


77 


86 


60 


60 



1,145 



' These figures cover the period from June 1, 1954, through May 31, 1955. 
' Totals include the Woman's Society and Wesleyan Service Guild. 
• Totals for the 1954 Schools of Missions and Christian Service. 



947 



750 



Section of Education and Cultivation 175 

No. Enrolled No. Board of 
No. in in Credit Education 

Conference Attendance Classes Credits 

North Central Jurisdiction: 

Detroit: 

Adrian 

Marquette 

Illinois 

Indiana 

lowa-Des Moines 

Michigan: 

Albion 

Bay View 

Minnesota 

North Dakota 

North-East Ohio: 

Bethesda 

Lakeside 

North Indiana 

North Iowa 

Northwest Indiana 

Ohio: 

Lakeside 

Lancaster 

Sabina 

Rock River 

South Dakota: 

Lake Poinsett 

Pactola Institute 

Southern Illinois 

West Wisconsin: 

Pine Lake 

Whispering Pines 

Wisconsin 

Total 5,889 4,655 2,! 



Northeastern Jurisdiction : 

Baltimore 278 242 224 

Central New York 216 210 

Central Pennsylvania 

Erie 

Genesee 

Maine 

Newark 

New England 

New England Southern 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New York 

New York East 

Northern New York 

Peninsula 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

Troy 

West Virginia 

Wyoming 

Total 2,990 2,544 1,234 



269 


241 


229 


174 


143 




283 


238 


224 


161 


154 


125 


241 


228 


198 


314 


314 




192 


192 




228 


207 




106 


49 




125 


81 


76 


1,026 


565 


422 


331 


274 


168 


220 


213 


187 


194 


190 


148 


636 


404 


257 


211 


167 


130 


190 


173 


158 


270 


243 


236 


135 


93 


76 


49 


29 


19 


161 


128 


109 


114 


95 




109 


92 




150 


142 


126 



105 


80 




98 


84 


77 


155 


145 




59 


54 


33 


75 


74 


56 


122 


92 


75 


70 


31 


29 


19 


18 


16 


101 


101 


74 


125 


97 




107 


98 


95 


110 


91 


80 


231 


92 


84 


132 


126 


126 


321 


300 




322 


296 




214 


205 


167 


130 


108 


98 



176 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Conference 
South Central Jurisdiction: 

Central Kansas 

Central Texas 

East Oklahoma 

Kansas 

Little Rock 

Louisiana 

Missouri and St. Louis. . . 

Nebraska 

New Mexico 

North Arkansas 

North Texas 

Northwest Texas 

Southwest Missouri 

Southwest Texas 

Texas 

West Oklahoma 



No. in 
Attendance 



Total 

Southeastern Jurisdiction : 

Alabama 

Florida 

Holston 

Kentucky 

Lincoln Leadership 

Louisville 

Memphis 

Mississippi 

North Alabama 

North Carohna 

North Georgia 

North Mississippi 

South Carolina 

South Georgia 

Tennessee 

Virginia 

Western North Carolina. 



Total . 



Western Jurisdiction: 

Alaska Mission 

California-Nevada 

Colorado : 

Pinecrest 

Western Slope Area .... 

Idaho 

Montana 

Oregon 

Pacific Northwest 

Southern California-Arizona. 
Wyoming State 



Total 

Conference Schools: 
Total, 1954. . . 
Total, 1953 



Conference and Jurisdiction Schools: 

Total, 1954 

Total, 1953 



1,151 



19,120 
18,437 



20,353 
19,735 



No. Enrolled 

in Credit 

Classes 

116 
186 
104 
127 
112 
241 
169 
333 
106 
96 
201 
385 
140 
324 
316 
297 



1,065 



15,991 
14,974 



17,355 
16,136 



No. Board of 

Education 

Credits 

97 
157 
103 
122 
106 
192 
161 
292 

74 

92 
175 
331 
128 
f 301 
287 
225 



3,563 


3,253 


2,843 


156 


127 


112 


368 


337 


329 


238 


223 


197 


109 


105 


93 


131 


114 


109 


119 


106 


103 


119 


106 


103 


220 


211 


192 


591 


300 


257 


341 


331 


276 


338 


250 


234 


98 


99 


61 


267 


257 


251 


204 


196 


180 


121 


110 


102 


430 


414 


407 


332 


241 


233 


4,182 


3,527 


3,239 


65 


41 




293 


250 


227 


219 


106 




90 


90 




65 


192 


58 


44 


32 


32 


139 


129 


124 


199 


169 


155 


706 


599 




37 


56 





621 



11,575 
10,812 



12,755 
11,903 



Number of Schools and Institutes Held in 1954: 

Conference Schools 

Jurisdiction Schools 



102 
6 



Total Number of Schools 108 



Section o£ Education and Cultivation 177 

Wesleyan Service Guild 

By Lillian A. Johnson, Secretary 

IN THE Wesleyan Service Guild we are interested in facts and figures, especially 
when they indicate a growing organization. But we realize that the fruits of 
discipleship cannot be measured by numbers, by growth in membership, or 
even increased giving. We do not know how great the fruits are; we shall never 
be able to weigh them or count them. But it is as we find out what happens to 
people — to members of the Wesleyan Service Guild and to those whose lives they 
touch in some way — that we can see some of the fruits of our discipleship. 

Spiritual Life — Requests for information on prayer groups, retreats, and spirit- 
ual life workshops show that Guild members are doing more thinking about spiritual 
enrichment. The Guild Standing Committee has recommended prayer breakfasts 
and prayer vigils as a means of deepening spiritual life. It also recommended that 
lists of devotional books be included on the Guild pages of The Methodist Woman 
and that some plan for circulating books be arranged in each local Guild. There 
has been a noted upsurge in participation in the World Day of Prayer, the Week 
of Prayer and Self-Denial, and in use of the Spiritual Life packets. 

Missionary Education and Service — From the Guild annual report we take 
these figures: 

Guild members in study classes 28,165 

Attendance at Guild Weekends 13,054 

Attendance at Schools of Missions 1,013 

Number study classes receiving jurisdiction credit 1,432 

Attendance at Guild Weekends and Schools of Missions leads to wider use of 
the approved study materials. Emphasis in Guild leadership training on "creative 
study" and on resource materials in this field has also helped. We are encouraged 
by the noted interest in study on the part of Guild members. As an added incentive 
to study, the Guild Standing Committee recommended that the Guilds be urged 
to take part in the church-wide study; and that contacts with Methodist employed 
women in other countries be increased. 

Missionary Personnel — The insert in the leaflet World Needs, entitled "A Call 
to Service to Guild Members" is meeting a need that the Guild has felt for some 
time. Often the more mature woman feels left out of the recruitment program, 
but now, with this special call to Guild members, Guild women should feel that they 
are really being sought. At the commissioning service in January, the following 
Guild members were commissioned: Miss Helen Loomis, Miss Barbara E. Campbell, 
and Miss Margaret Hight. 

Several other women who have made the decision and are now studying to 
become deaconesses or missionaries have been called to the attention of the Guild 
office. Although Guild officers keep in touch with these people, their names will 
not be publicized until they are commissioned or until they actually go to work 
for the Woman's Division. Upon recommendation of the Committee on Missionary 
Education, names of Guild members doing special types of service on short-term 
bases appear in The Methodist Woman when they are sent to the Guild office. 
In the "Suggestions for Weekends" for this year, it was urged that there be a 
special presentation of Personnel needs at each Weekend. 



178 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities — Since heretofore there 
has been no provision for a Guild organization in district, conference and juris- 
diction, it was not possible to take action as Guild conferences on the Charter of 
Racial Policies. Guilds are being asked to consider the charter as soon as they 
have their representative voting body established. In the meantime they are to 
study the charter further, with the understanding that the conference Guild will 
take action as soon as possible. Already two conferences where a voting body previ- 
ously had been set up have reported that they have ratified the charter. Names 
of conferences doing this are being pubhshed in The Methodist Woman. 

The Christian Social Relations recommendations of the Guild Standing Com- 
mittee, which were sent to all units in the local church, are as follows: 

1. That Guilds be asked to write immediately regarding refugee immigra- 
tion, urging speedy implementation of the Refugee Relief Act of 1953. 

2. That Guilds be urged to send to Congressmen copies of the immigration 
leaflet / Lift My Lamp. 

3. That Guilds continue promotion of UNICEF, urging that a $12,000,000 
budget for UNICEF be approved. 

4. That the Charier of Racial Policies of the Woman's Division of Christian 
Service be presented to conference Guilds for ratification; that names of confer- 
ences ratifying it appear in THE METHODIST WOMAN. 

5. That the Charter of Racial Policies be implemented through leadership 
training in overlapping jurisdictions and conferences. 

6. That the Guilds study the "Right-to-Work" laws. 

7. That the Guilds endorse Bill S728, which would give the Children's Bureau 
better status and would set up a Federal Advisory Committee on Juvenile De- 
linquency. 

8. That the Guilds be alerted to (1) use on December 10 (Human Rights 
Day) the pageant in THE METHODIST WOMAN (July-August issue) and (2) in 
October study the implementation of the Supreme Court Decision as it affects 
housing. 

Recommendation number five was brought up particularly because some of 
the conferences of Central Jurisdiction cover such wide territories that it is im- 
possible for a Guild conference secretary to do adequate leadership training. The 
hope is that the overlapping conferences will confer with each other as to the best 
means of training their leaders. First steps have been taken in this program. 

Work in defense areas and among women on the move is a deep concern of 
the Guild. Recently it was decided to send a letter from the Guild office to all 
new units, welcoming them and asking for a description of the composition of their 
membership, and for a statement as to how they became organized as a Guild. The 
first reply came from a unit whose members are mostly servicemen's wives, mainly 
teachers and office workers. They felt that they would have a difficult time in 
their group because its membership was so transient. Since this is one of the im- 
portant areas for Guild work, our officers are trained to try to keep these units 
from becoming discouraged in these rapidly changing situations. 

Leadership Training — During the year coaching conferences were held in 
order to train conference and district secretaries and local unit presidents. They 
started in the summer with the conference secretaries in clinics in jurisdiction 
Schools of Missions. The conference secretaries then had coaching conferences 
with district secretaries, who in turn held them with their unit presidents. The 
"Coaching Conference Suggestions" recommended two sessions of three hours each, 
which would mean an afternoon and evening meeting, or two evening meetings 



Section of Education and Cultivation 179 

for each group. On the evaluation card there were only one or two lines for com- 
ments, but many secretaries were so enthusiastic about their results that they sent 
accompanying letters. Since the reports were so encouraging, it was decided at the 
standing committee meeting to continue the idea for another year. The total at- 
tendance at the coaching conference was 7,750. 

By-laws Revision — The by-laws revision of the Wesleyan Service Guild went 
into effect in January, after much study by the committees of the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service and then by the Woman's Division itself. 

Many Guilds, especially units of the local church, got to work right away to 
conform to the new by-laws. IMost of the reactions to them have been favorable. 
The chief problem seems to be in conference and jurisdiction, for there a voting 
body must be set up, and the added expense is sometimes considered a problem. 

Chairmen of lines of work are suggested in the by-laws, but they are not com- 
pulsory. Here again it is considered that these additional people will be a great 
benefit in the mission of the Guild. In fact, it has already proved to be the case. 
The jurisdiction, conference, and district secretaries have to be the presiding officers 
and the secretaries of Promotion in the Guild, in addition to serving on several 
time-consuming committees. They cannot be expected to carry on a program in 
fines of work in addition. It is true that the secretary of the fine of work in the 
Woman's Society of Christian Service has responsibility for the Guild, but whereas 
formerly her contact was with an already overburdened Guild secretary, she now 
has a Guild person, responsible for that line of work, with whom to confer. This 
will make a closer tie between the Woman's Society and the Guild. 

Status of Women — The Committee on Status of Women of the Wesleyan 
Service Guild has had three emphases this year: first, to urge further promotion of 
the Service Activity Cards; second, to urge study of the poster on the position 
of women in The Methodist Church and preparation of similar ones for local 
churches; third, to suggest careful study of articles in The jNIethgdist Woman, 
World Outlook, and other periodicals regarding full membership in Annual Con- 
ferences for ordained women, and to send in any recommendations they may have 
to General Conference. Guilds have already sent to General Conference many 
memorials favoring "full clergy rights" for women. 

Trends — The Guild secretary of the Woman's Division of Christian Service 
has had the opportunity to visit many conference and district Guild meetings and 
a few local meetings during the year, including a Guild meeting and officers' 
meeting in Puerto Rico, the first jurisdiction Guild Weekend of North Central 
Jurisdiction, and four jurisdiction clinics at jurisdiction Schools of Missions. Two 
rather extensive itineraries were made, one in the "far reaches" of North Central 
Jurisdiction and one covering parts of Southeastern and Central Jurisdictions not 
visited before. The trends that were noted in particular were — increasing under- 
standing between the Woman's Society of Christian Service and the Wesleyan 
Service Guild as to function and program areas, concern within the Guild about 
program planning, and study of the meaning of Christian brotherhood. 

Another trend is toward a greater emphasis on the issues that are of particular 
concern to the employed woman. After studying this, the standing committee 
approved the following recommendations from the Guild Program Committee: 

(a) That the Wesleyan Service Guild concur in the next quadrennial goals 
of the Woman's Division; (b) that within the framework of these goals areas of 
special emphasis be developed for the Wesleyan Service Guild; (c) that areas of 
special interest for the employed woman be recognized and developed in the 
Guild program. 



180 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Field Cultivation 

By Miss Harriet Seibert, Secretary 

THE fruits of discipleship have been clearly shown in all the addresses made 
by the speakers sent forth from the office of Field Cultivation. By far the 

largest number of requests have been for those who could speak on the current 
Home and Foreign Mission study themes. Deaconesses and home missionaries, staff 
members, and workers in urban areas have presented effectively the challenge of 
"The City." 

On the subject of India, Pakistan and Ceylon, we have been fortunate in having 
nationals as well as missionaries from that part of the world who have given inspiring 
and informative addresses. No finer fruits of Christian discipleship could be found 
than is evidenced in the lives of these members of younger churches who have 
heard the Christian call and who are giving themselves so devotedly to the service 
of the Master. 

Special mention should be made of Mrs. I. A. Jordan, who has had an almost 
continuous series of engagements in various parts of the country. Her chief assign- 
ments were in Northeastern and North Central Jurisdictions where she and her 
daughter were studying, though trips were planned which took her into South 
Central and Southeastern also. 

Miss Mary Searcy, assigned to our office especially for itineration by the De- 
partment of Work in Foreign Fields, has had lengthy itineration in Southwest 
Missouri, Central Texas, Southern lUinois, and South Dakota Conferences, and 
has had speaking engagements in almost every conference of Western Jurisdiction. 
In June she gave leadership during all four weeks of the "House Parties" for youth 
at National College. 

Our field workers have been in more demand than ever following their trips 
outside of continental United States. Miss Hoover's journey to India and Pakistan 
made vivid her presentation of the foreign study theme of the year. Mrs. Landrum 
through her trip to Alaska showed the fruits of discipleship in that distant Home field. 

Assignments for Mrs. W. B. Landrum since June 1, 1954, included the annual 
meeting of the Louisville Conference, teaching or conducting workshops in one 
Jurisdiction School of Missions and in eight conference schools and one inter- 
denominational school. The summer's program was followed by itineration in New 
York, Troy, Erie, Florida, South Carolina, Louisville, Memphis, Western North 
Carolina and Virginia Conferences. Special features in these assignments included 
district officers' training days followed by the annual district meeting in each of 
the eleven districts of the South Carolina Conference; and following the annual 
meeting of the Memphis Conference, meeting with the district superintendent and 
the ministers of each district of the Memphis Conference. 

Miss Hoover has itinerated in Mississippi, Upper Mississippi, Georgia, Florida, 
East Tennessee, Texas, and West Texas Conferences of Central Jurisdiction and in 
Ohio Conference. She has had engagements also at the following colleges — National, 
Bennett, Gammon, Southern Methodist, Clark, and Morristown Junior. Like Mrs. 
Landrum, Miss Hoover, too, has devoted much time to leadership and officers' train- 
ing. She participated in one Jurisdiction School of Missions and in seven conference 
schools, also represented the Division in the Workshop for Leaders of United Church 
Women at Chautauqua. Besides many local church engagements, she gave leader- 
ship in the Conference on Missions in Greenwood, Mississippi, and in the Student 
Regional at Mt. Sequoyah. 



Section of Education and Cultivation 181 

Visual Education 

By Miss Elizabeth Marchant, Secretary 

AS MORE films, filmstrips, and audio-visual materials are produced by the 
J^_ Woman's Division, Methodist women can better visualize the missionary work 
they support. The fruits of discipleship are personalized and acquire a new 
dimension. 

Productions — Much time has gone into the planning of new audio-visual mate- 
rials over the past year. In the fall production was completed on a black-and-white 
sound filmstrip, titled "Study in Sari and Salwar," showing Woman's Division 
projects in India and Pakistan. 

Work continued on a filmstrip describing the World Federation of Methodist 
Women, titled "Methodist Women World-Wide Friends." 

For the study of Indian Americans, a sound and color filmstrip was completed. 
This filmstrip, "Missions Follow the Indian Trail," shows Navajo, Cherokee, Dulac, 
Yuma, Odana, Ponca, and Cookson Hills projects. 

For the study of a Christian Mission in a Revolutionary World, a sound and 
color filmstrip titled "Christian Roots in Southeast Asia" was begun. Woman's 
Division work in Malaya, Burma, and Hong Kong was pictured. 

A contract was signed with Alan Shihn Productions for an important movie 
that will be used with the coming study, "Mission Field U. S. A." Activities at a 
community center of the Woman's Division will be featured in this movie and plans 
for the filming are under way. 

A committee was formed to work with the Radio and Film Commission of The 
Methodist Church on the production of a film for missionary recruitment. The 
Woman's Division will cooperate with the General Section's Department of Visual 
Education and Interdivision Committee on Foreign Work in this production. 

Workshops — At the end of the summer the secretary attended the Eleventh 
Annual Audio-Visual Workshop at Green Lake, Wisconsin. 

In February the secretary represented the Woman's Division as a resource 
person at a workshop sponsored by the Methodist Radio and Film Commission and 
Virginia Conference Radio and Film Commission in Richmond, Virginia. 

In early June the secretary was a member of the planning committee for an 
audio-visual workshop for denominational leaders, sponsored by the Protestant 
Council of the City of New York, and held at Union Theological Seminary. 

Denominational and Interdenominational Cooperation — As a member of the 
Consultative Staff of the Methodist Radio and Film Commission, the secretary 
represented the Woman's Division at meetings in Nashville. 

She has acted as chairman of the Audio-Visual Subcommittee of the Committee 
for Cooperation in Latin America over the past year. 

On behalf of the Woman's Division, the secretary has served on planning com- 
mittees for the interdenominational mission films to accompany the study of Indian 
Americans and for the coming study on Japan. 



182 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 



I 



Student Work 

By Miss Dorothy Ntland, Secretary 

F YOU plan for one year, plant grain; if you plan for ten years, plant trees; 
if you plan for one hundred years, plant men." {Chinese proverb) 

Scholarships and Loans 

The student program of The Methodist Church is interested in men and 
women who will be the leaders in our church tomorrow. One cannot always see the 
fruits but one can tell from the way the "twig is bent how the tree will grow." 

Methodist women, especially the secretaries of Student Work, have been en- 
couraging each local church to plan for the future by providing scholarships and 
loans for worthy students through the offering on Methodist Student Day which 
goes to the Board of Education. The Discipline of The Methodist Church sug- 
gests that this be observed in each church, preferably on the second Sunday in 
June. In order to inform the secretaries of Student Work how they may help in 
this program. Dr. Stanley Martin, in charge of Methodist Student Loans and Schol- 
arships, met with the conference secretaries of Student Work in each jurisdiction 
for one day to discuss the subject. The Board of Education provided the expense 
of these meetings in order to channel the information to the local church. Reports 
indicate that many more churches are responding to the realization that The 
Methodist Church is interested in providing scholarships and loans now to train 
future leaders. 

Methodist Student Workers Association 

The standing Committee of Student Work of the Woman's Division have 
been asked to be auxiliary members of the INIethodist Student Workers Association 
which met in Nashville in October. At the request of the chairman of the stand- 
ing committee, Mrs. Alan K. Laing, there was an opportunity on the program for 
a presentation of the need of missionary personnel before the Methodist Student 
Workers of the country. As a result a consultation was held in January following 
the meeting in Cincinnati of all the boards of the church. This was for the purpose 
of discussing further the relationship of the student program to that of providing 
the personnel to serve the church at home and abroad. Plans are moving forward 
for a pilot project on Consultation on Missionary Strategy Among College Students 
for this fall, inviting student workers with staff of the Board of Missions and the 
Board of Education. 

Increase in Local Secretaries 

Realizing the importance of Student Work, there has been a steady increase 
in the number of local student secretaries. A few years ago, only half of the local 
Societies elected a secretary of Student Work. Today the reports indicate that 
over 75 per cent have a secretary of Student Work. There is increased appreciation 
of the importance of this work. 

Students From Overseas 

With 35,000 students from overseas now studying in America, the secretaries 
of Student Work of the local, district, conference, and jurisdiction have one of the 
greatest missionary opportunities knocking at their door. Many more are realizing 
the importance of opening Christian homes to all who come to our shores. Beyond 
the campus is the community responsibility. People of every color, of different 
kinds of dress and language, will realize the meaning of Christian democracy only 
when they are treated as sons of God. The secretaries of Student Work have found 
great joy and the fruits of discipleship when they have encouraged our women to 
welcome with Christian hospitality these ambassadors from other lands. 



Section of Education and Cultivation 183 

Youth Work 

By Miss Helen L. Johnson, Secretary 

THE quadrennial emphasis on youth has helped many people to become aware 
of the program of the Methodist Youth Fellowship. This emphasis has re- 
sulted in more creative youth programs, increased membership, and a stronger 
faith as youth have sought "to discover the will of God and live by it." 

Adult Leadership — Special effort has been made this year to recruit, train, 
and motivate mature adult Christians to work with youth in a vital MYF program. 
The MYF is the teamwork of youth and their adult leaders planning and working 
together. The secretary of Youth Work is an adult member of the MYF council. 
She often serves as adult adviser in Christian Outreach. This presents a great 
opportunity for the Woman's Society of Christian Service to share its many re- 
sources with the MYF to strengthen and support their program. Such resources 
help to interpret the concerns of Christian Outreach which are: the world-wide 
mission of the church (national and world missions), the ecumenical movement, 
overseas relief and reconstruction, and peace and world order. 

Mission Study — Missionary education is an integral part of the program of 
Christian education of youth. Missionary units, in the curriculum for Sunday 
morning and Sunday evening sessions of the MYF, were related to the current 
themes: "India, Pakistan, and Ceylon," and "The City." 

Through their participation in missionary activities youth and their adult 
leaders have grown in respect to their attitudes toward those of all cultural, racial, 
and national groups. They have gained a fresh awareness of peoples in many parts 
of the world and their sympathies have been deepened. 

The unified program provides for interested girls, who are seniors or older 
youth, to meet in a World Friendship Group of Girls. The program materials, 
while related to the current themes, deal with the work of the Woman's Society 
of Christian Service. The programs for the current year were entitled Crowds and 
Faces. 

Work Camp — The first National Methodist Senior High Work Camp was 
conducted this summer at the Navajo Methodist Mission Sshool. This was a co- 
operative project under the auspices of the Youth Department of the General Board 
of Education and the Woman's Division of Christian Service. Ten carefully selected 
high school young people participated. A small group of Navajo youth and leaders 
of the mission school were a part of the work camp, too. 

Giving — The Methodist Youth Fund makes it possible for youth to share in a 
plan of unified giving to a program of missions, Christian education, and youth 
work around the world. There is a wholesome increase in the receipts for the year 
closing May 31, 1955, which totals $606,493.97. 

Youth Emphasis — All groups concerned in the missionary education of youth 
are working together in the MYF 1955 Fall Action Project on Missions, world 
peace, and overseas relief. As youth and leaders participate in this project they 
will become concerned about all people everywhere. Since activities in this special 
emphasis will be a part of the total program of the MYF, the place of Christian 
Outreach will be strengthened. 



184 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Children's Work 

By Miss Ruby Van Hooser, Secretary 

THE year has been a challenging and vital one for secertaries of Children's 
Work. They have shared with other teachers during the past twelve months 
the endeavor of helping boys and girls in Methodist church schools grow in 
living as Christians. They also have taken part with the children in experiences 
of Christian world friendship, and in activities that concern the missionary work 
of The Methodist Church at home and in countries overseas. No service could be 
more significant than this. 

Training Opportunities for Leaders — To meet the religious needs of the large 
number of children for whom the church now has responsibility in communities 
across the nation, more and better prepared teachers continue to be an urgent 
need. With this fact in mind, the Woman's Division of Christian Service has ap- 
proved recommendations that call for increased opportunities for training for con- 
ference, district, and local secretaries. 

During the past summer, therefore, plans included the attendance of confer- 
ence secetaries upon the jurisdiction schools of the Woman's Society of Christian 
Service. At the same time preparation was also made for similar training for 
district and local secretaries of Children's Work. 

In alternate years emphasis is given to the possibihties for further growth and 
development in the program of the church for children that are provided by the 
leadership and laboratory schools of the General Board of Education. 

Missionary Education, 1954-55 — As an integral part of the ongoing curri- 
culum of Christian education, missionary units for primary and junior children in 
1954-55 were developed around the emphases of "India and Pakistan" and "The 
City." Reports indicate that the children found the study of both of these emphases 
full of interest, as they followed them in the Sunday school and additional sessions 
of the church school. 

During the year plans for the missionary education of children that were ap- 
proved by the Interboard Committee on Missionary Education went forward in 
an effective way. 

The Children's Service Fund — For the year ending May 31, 1955, the offerings 
of children in additional sessions received by the Woman's Division came to 
$51,110.70. This represents 40 per cent of the offerings, and is the largest amount 
so far that has been reported to the Woman's Division of Christian Service from 
the Children's Service Fund. 

Meeting of Standing Committee — One of the high points in the year was the 
meeting of the standing Committee on Children's Work in New York City on April 
19-22, 1955. At this meeting the committee gave much time to a review of present 
needs, and to a careful consideration of cooperative plans for development in the 
work with children during the coming year. 

Wide Outreach — As Methodist women, secretaries of Children's Work together 
with other leaders have tried to strengthen home and family life. Among other 
measures, they have worked for the prevention of juvenile delinquency, for the 
support of adequate pubhc schools, and for the upholding of the United Nations 
in its service to children. For a share in all aspects of this common task, secretaries 
are grateful. 



Reports of Editors 185 

Programs and Other Literature 

By JuANiTA Brown, Editor of Literature 

THE summer of 1954 was different from most previous summers. Although 
the literature year of 1953-54 ended on April 30, work on the unfinished 

materials of the past year continued. Even so, we had an unusual sense of 
peace. The Fourth Assembly, for which preparations had been made during 
many months, was over, with all its high inspiration and forward-looking plans. 
The summer brought no visits to schools of missions nor to any of the projects 
of the Woman's Division — the regular office work was too heavy for these contacts. 
However, in late August, I was able to attend the meeting of the World Council 
of Churches. 

The editorial group was grateful for having Miss Patricia Lewis, just gradu- 
ated from Vanderbilt University, in our midst during the summer. She not only 
assisted with the editing of several of the chapters of An Introduction to Five 
Spiritual Classics, checking almost innumerable references, but also arranged 
chronologically in loose-leaf bindings for future reference and permanent preser- 
vation many publications of the Woman's Division from 1940 through July, 1954. 

During much of the summer Miss Sarah Parrott, Editorial Assistant, was 
working on the manuscript Declaring His Glory (The Work of Methodist Women 
Around the World) by Mrs. Eloise Woolever. This 275-page book was a heavy 
addition to the regular work of this office. 

As usual in the summer when the Week of Prayer projects for the next year 
are definite and the addresses of writers are known to the responsible editor, let- 
ters requesting information and photographs are sent to the fields — last summer 
to nine projects in six countries. 

The autumn brought even more than the usual number of committee meetings, 
including those of a variety of staff groups for self-study, designed for improve- 
ment during the forthcoming quadrennium. Although preparing for the printer 
An Introduction to Five Spiritual Classics, a symposium by five authors, proved 
to be a wonderful source of spiritual uplift to all who worked on the manuscripts, 
it also proved to be a Herculean task. Each of four chapters introduces a full- 
length book, and the fifth is based on the equivalent of a small book. The five 
classics, writings that are true "fruits of discipleship," inspired everyone in the 
office to try to make her own special task an expression of discipleship in keeping 
with the spirit of the authors of the classics. Running parallel with work on the 
Spiritual Life textbook was the preparation of two field pamphlets and the guide 
to the Spiritual Life study. While the editors scarcely knew what was taking 
place, autumn changed to winter and winter to spring. 

While the program of work mentioned above was progressing day by day, and 
often also by night and Saturdays, not at any time were the programs for 1955-56 
out of the editor's mind — actually the editing of the programs was going forward 
simultaneously with the work on the other manuscripts. Even with many minds 
and hands at work, neither the days nor the nights had sufficient hours for the 
demands upon them. In the meantime the number of meetings and group and 
personal conferences increased, for the decision had been made that the Woman's 
Division editorial offices would be moved from the sixth floor to the tenth. 

The past year was a testing time for discipleship. 



186 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



THe Pekce of god 

tondm^ 



which passeth dll 

shall keep your he 

through Chr 



Missionary Education and Spiritual Life Literature 

By Miss Frances Eshelman, Associate Editor of Literature 

Jesus said. As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in 
my love. . . . This is my commandment. That ye love one another as I have loved 
you. . . . I have chosen you that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that 
your fruit should remain. . . . — John 15:9, 12, 16. 

IT IS small wonder that Jesus revealed the key to fruitful discipleship as growth 
through love — wise and total love for one another as Jesus has loved us. For 
when we practice this love, we find how difficult it is to give God's love, and ours, 
to others while any selfishness remains to disrupt the vital inner flow of His Spirit 
and to prevent our becoming outwardly fruitful. 

When we observe the Week of Prayer and Self-Denial, I hope that each of 
us will realize more of the genuine love for Christ and for others which shines 
through the printed words of those who contribute — from their firsthand experience 
— the thoughts, information, and inspiration to make the Week of Prayer and 
Self-Denial a time for total rededication of soul, self, and substance — so needed 
if new fruits are to grow and to remain His. 

The Quiet Day Meditation is carefully written to 
make prayer and the practice of God's presence 
understandable and real to those who participate in 
it and to provide readiness for the meeting, later in 
the week, when the projects to receive the Week of 
Prayer gifts are described and the Self-Denial offer- 
ings are made for the rebuilding of Holding Institute, 
at Laredo, Texas, and for the increased training of 
more Christian leaders in Burma, the Philippines, 
Sarawak, and Sumatra. 

The months from November to June were busy 
with the preparation of manuscripts. The following 
materials (in addition to the Week of Prayer and 
Self-Denial Packet — with its Leader's Handbook; 
Quiet Day Meditation, Worship Service, Prayer 
Card, and Poster) have come off the press: the Spir- 
itual Life Packet, Study and Action, 1955-56, the 
missionary education leaflet; two Prayer Cards re- 
lated to the 1955-56 Spiritual Life study {An Intro- 
duction to Five Spiritual Classics) ; and Worship Settings, a booklet by Mrs. 
Salmon C. Myers. 

Worship Settings — a thirty-two page booklet in direct question and answer 
style — gives the how, when, and where of arranging settings for worship. Mrs. 
Myers has incorporated the questions which most frequently arise on the subject. 
The booklet is generously illustrated by our artist, Mr. Robert Schwing, and con- 
tains special sections entitled: "Glossary: Symbols and Church Terms;" "Em- 
blems and Pins" (of the Woman's Division) ; "The Church Calendar" (which out- 
lines the "Christian Year and Special Observances"); "Colors: Their Meaning 
and Use in Christian Worship;" and "Books and References" for additional infor- 
mation on worship settings, worship services, symbolism, and the Christian cal- 
endar. This booklet should be of permanent value in each Woman's Society. 




Life from the 

Center is a Life of 
unhurried T*ca« 
and T*oofer It is 
Simple It IS Serene, 
It is At ■ ^ 
It is Uadiant. 



One can have 
a Very Busy day. 
outwardly v^ 
speaking, and 
yet be steadily 
in the Holy 
Presence. ..+ 



If >ou » 



uld never cease to pray, 
cease to lon^ for it.' 



Reports of Editors 



187 



Programs and Other Literature 

By Miss Alyce L'Heritier, Associate Editor of Literature 

AMONG the materials that have come off the press during the past year are 
several booklets and leaflets which record the fruits of discipleship. The 
leaflet, Miracle in Peru, was produced as soon as possible after the opening 
of the Centre Metodista in Lima, Peru. The center is the result of the faith and 
determination of a missionary who is a true disciple. Cherokee Methodists and 
Profile of the Yuma, free leaflets for use in connection with the interdenominational 
home mission study, describe the work of the Woman's Division of Christian Serv- 
ice among two colorful Indian tribes. The booklet, A Christian's Primer of Technical 
Assistance, shows what the United Nations is doing, through its Technical Assist- 
ance Program, to enable human beings everywhere to attain a better life by working 
to eliminate wars, ignorance, and poverty. It presents a challenge to Christians 
to support an organization whose aims are compatible with the teachings of Christ. 

As always, a major portion of the associate editor's time was devoted to the 
program book for World Friendship Groups, this year entitled Missions — Instru- 
ment of Peace, and to planning for and editing her share of the program book 
and the worship booklet for Woman's Societies of Christian Service. 

All the materials for which the associate editor is responsible benefit from the 
wisdom and skill of Miss Sarah Parrott, editorial assistant. 

It was the privilege of the associate editor to attend the Family Life Confer- 
ence in Cleveland, Ohio, in October, 1954, and the A. A. U. N. Conference on 
International Affairs in Washington, D. C, in February, 1955. 

Dozens, or perhaps hundreds, of times in the course of a year it is necessary 
to write to missionaries and deaconesses for stories of happenings on the mission 
field, at home and abroad. Despite their heavy schedules and innumerable respon- 
sibilities, they answer our requests promptly and carefully. It is impossible to 
express adequately our gratitude to them and our appreciation of their dedication 
to the work. 

Sharing in the production of literature is for the associate editor a rewarding 
experience. Not least among its joys is the privilege of helping record the fruits 
of the discipleship of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 




p^ 


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JO 

THE Em OF THE 

EAPJTH 

1955 1956 






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PHOOHAM aOOK 


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188 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

World Outlook and Joint Literature 

By Miss Dorothy McConnell, Editor 

AS THIS report is being written, I am attending a pre-World Council meeting 
J^ in Davos, Switzerland, on cooperation between men and women in the church. 
As nearly as I can discover, I am the only person present who is actually 
engaged on a joint project with the general board of a church representing co- 
operation between men and women of the church. It is with considerable satis- 
faction that I write this, since we are in a unique position as far as World Outlook 
goes and joint Hterature, a pioneer project, even though we are as old as the united 
Methodist Church itself. 

The concept of joint responsibility has grown since the early days, especially 
in the past year. No longer do we, in World Outlook, have quite as legalistic a 
conception of division of work. While the sections still divide space equally, the 
planning is done on consultation, and there is much greater concern that each 
section become part of a whole in the magazine, so that no reader can say, "This 
is the General thought — this is the Woman's." 

During the past year we have again produced one issue covering the work of 
the entire Board of Missions. As happened the first year, the issue met with 
general approval. This does not mean that such an issue will become, necessarily, 
a permanent policy. There are too many other special concerns before us. But 
we are grateful that the board issue seemed to meet a special need at the time. 

During the past years the women of the church have done the greater part 
of promotion of the paper. This year the General Section has initiated a cam- 
paign for the paper through the Commission on Missions and, with the cooperation 
of the Cincinnati office, it is the most intensive campaign that has yet been launched. 
The Woman's Section of the magazine is deeply grateful for the work of the General 
Section in this field. It seems an augury of close cooperation and responsibility in 
the days to come. 

Both sections are busy at the moment preparing for a special issue com- 
memorating the hundredth anniversary of Methodism's missionary entry into India. 
The February issue, 1956, is the time set for the India number, and this will coincide 
in many churches with the study of the joint church-wide book. South of the 
Himalayas, by James K. Mathews. Both sections are gratified at the enthusiasm 
expressed for the study book. 

In accordance with an unwritten policy, a world missions study is usually 
followed by a study in the field of national missions. The coming study now in 
preparation, is on the rural church and its relation to the town church. The book 
is not an administrative book. It will be a straight mission study in the sense 
that it is a book concerned with that person in the country who is often completely 
outside the church fold. The book comes as a result of consultation with the author 
by both sections, and with the Department of Work in Home Fields and the 
Division of National Missions. 

Each editor publishes separately, as "Woman's material" or as "General mate- 
rial," as well as joint literature. There will always be a place for "separate" 
literature as long as there remain two sections of responsibility. But mission lit- 
erature concerning the work of the whole board should come more and more into 
prominence, if the joint section is to become a working section equally committed 
to the promotion of General and Woman's work. Great progress has been made, 
however, and we can be proud that the policy of joint and equal work in the field 
of publications and literature was undertaken by the Board of Missions of The 
Methodist Church as early as it was. 



Reports o£ Editors 



189 



The Methodist Woman 

By Mrs. C. A. Meeker 

MY YEAR was full of activity including attendance at denominational and 
interdenominational meetings and assemblies, a few speeches given at dis- 
trict and conference meetings, many committee meetings, and desk work — 
mulling over ideas and plans with lengthened hours of routine chores and brief 
flashes of stimulating productivity in the editing of a few leaflets, the Fifteenth 
Annual Report, and The Methodist Woman. Miss Mary Blake, editorial assistant, 
and Miss Dorothy Brow, editorial secretary, cheerfully shared all the office re- 
sponsibilities. 



SPEECHES 

School of Missions: 
Rivervale, Indiana 
Conference Meetings: 
Lake Charles, Louisiana 
Oklahoma City, Okla., 
including Wesleyan 
Service Guild Week- 
end 
Western North Caro- 
lina, at Junaluska, 
including Wesleyan 
Service Guild Week- 
end 




District Meetings: 

Central Pennsylvania 
Conference 
Public Relations Seminar: 

Nashville, Tennessee 



. i- u is... 





INSPIRATIONAL ASSEMBLIES 

Second Assembly of World Council 
of Churches; Family Life Conference; 
Assembly of the National Council of 
Churches; General Assembly of the 
Boards of The Methodist Church; 
District Superin- 
tendents' Confer- 



COMMITTEE MEETINGS 

Joint Commission on Missionary Education 
Executive Ccmm'ttee of Woman's Division 
Woman's Division Staff 
Quadrennial Planning 
Editorial Board 








DESK WORK 

Letters 

Conferences with individuals 
Telephone calls 

Editing leaflets on Finance and Promo- 
tion 

Annual Report 

The Methodist Woman 



190 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Literature Headquarters 



By Mrs. E. LeRoy Stiffler, Publication and Business Manager, and 
Mrs. C. C. Long, Circulation Manager and Secretary of Literature 

THE fruits of discipleship and interest in the total program of the Woman's 
Division are indicated by the increased purchasing of the literature distributed 
by Literature Headquarters. In 1940 receipts from sales of literature plus in- 
come from subscriptions to The Methodist Woman showed that each member of 
the Woman's Society purchased 16 cents' worth of literature. Using the same basic 
figures for the present fiscal year purchases per capita averaged 49 cents. 



Production 

During the year printing orders for 
materials, including The Methodist 
Woman, office forms, promotional mate- 
rials, free and paid material bearing the 
imprint of the Woman's Division of Chris- 
tian Service, totaled 17,215,740 pieces. In 
addition to this heavy production schedule 
orders were placed with outside publishers 
for 828,231 pieces; these included mate- 
rials for the World Day of Prayer and 
books supplementary to the study pro- 
gram as recommended by the departments 
of the Woman's Division. Included in this number were approximately one quarter 
of a milhon pieces purchased from the Joint Commission on Missionary Education. 




Finance 

Prior to the year ending May 31, 1954, total sales were reported only on a 
cash basis. Last year the auditors, in checking accounts receivable, deemed it 
advisable to include this item in total sales since the financial report is strictly on 
an accrual basis. 

Cash sales for the year ending May 31, 1955, 
showed an increase of $1,412.57, but the fact that 
accounts receivable were less than the previous year 
resulted in total sales reflecting a loss. The fluctuations 
in sales caused by the addition of accounts receivable 
will not affect the years after May 31, 1955. 

The following figures are an analysis of expendi- 
ture of income: 53.4 per cent — spent for printing, art 
work, manuscripts, et cetera; 18.3 per cent — salaries; 
9.2 per cent — postage; 7.2 per cent — insurance, taxes 
(sales and social security), interest, maintenance, et 

cetera; 3.3 per cent — office expense, which includes San Francisco and New York 
offices (2.2 per cent — office expense for Cincinnati only). 

The indebtedness on the building has been reduced $40,000.00 during the fiscal 
year, leaving a balance due the Woman's Division of $45,000.00 on the original loan. 




Literature Headquarters 
Distribution 



191 




The year's activities show that approximately 300,000 individual orders were 
handled in addition to 2,000 orders sent on consignment. The value of material 
sent to summer schools totaled $87,065.67 and the total sales were $51,746.65. 
Thirty-five thousand sample Week of Prayer packets were assembled and mailed 
to the conference secretaries of Literature and Publications for distribution to 
Woman's Societies and Wesleyan Service Guilds, and 32,000 Record and Report 
Books were sent to the district secretaries of Promotion for distribution. 




Promotion 

In addition to the preparation of the Catalogue list- 
ing materials available from Literature Headquarters, and 
the Sample Promotion Order Blank, fliers were prepared 
to promote sales on the Fifteenth Annual Report, pro- 
gram material, Declaring His Glory, and the Little Play- 
mate Books. Letters to the conference secretaries are sent 
at intervals pointing up the use of the sample materials 
which are received by the secretaries. 

We wish to pay tribute of special appreciation to 
]\Iiss Carolyn Estes for her able assistance in the promo- 
tion and circulation departments. 

At the beginning of this report the figures indicate that the production schedule 
is both heavy and demanding. In the fulfillment of such an exacting task Miss 
Norma Steinbeck has rendered a most valuable service. 

As receipts from sales of literature mount yearly, as well as increased income 
from subscriptions to The Methodist Woman, the handling of funds becomes 
a responsibihty requiring real dedication. Mrs. Ada Conner, as secretary to the 
publication manager and as bookkeeper, is giving unstintedly and conscientiously in 
the performance of her duty. 

The fulfillment of a task so large in scope could not be accomplished without 
the loyalty and good will of the supervisors in charge of the various sections, as well 
as the entire staff. 

The Methodist Woman 

The subscription list of The Meth- 
odist Woman is of major interest to all 
members of the Woman's Societies of 
Christian Service; therefore, in lieu of a 
written report, a comparative statistical 
report by states is listed. 




192 



Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 



SUBSCRIPTIONS TO THE METHODIST WOMAN BY STATES 



Central Jurisdiction 

Included in other jurisdictions 



Northeastern Jurisdiction 

1942 

Connecticut 971 

Delaware 651 

District of Columbia 838 

Maine 314 

Maryland 2,645 

Massachusetts 1,254 

New Hampshire 328 

New Jersey 2,762 

New York 6,970 

Pennsylvania 8,220 

Puerto Rico 5 

Rhode Island 143 

Vermont 323 

West Virginia 2,557 

Undistributed 4,500 



1954-55 

945 

1,376 

933 

559 

5,786 

1,977 

338 

4,109 

9,384 

12,079 

17 

213 

337 

6,000 



Total 32,481 44,053 



Southeastern Jurisdiction 

1942 

Alabama 2,339 

Cuba 7 

Florida 2,285 

Georgia 3,112 

Kentucky 2,104 

Mississippi 1,791 

North Carolina 464 

South Carolina 1,763 

Tennessee 3,339 

Virginia 3,510 

Undistributed 2,500 



1954-55 
6,955 
11 
8,410 
9,199 
5,512 
5,007 

12,446 
6,518 

10,182 
9,715 



Total 23,214 73,955 

North Central Jurisdiction 

1942 1954-55 

Illinois 8,121 16,735 

Indiana 7,186 13,075 

Iowa 5,388 12,250 

Michigan 5,866 9,528 



Minnesota 2,159 

North Dakota 400 

Ohio 9,806 

South Dakota 399 

Wisconsin 1,800 

Undistributed 



4,099 
1,012 
16,735 
1,510 
4,026 



Total 41,125 78,970 

South Central Jurisdiction 

1942 1954-55 

Arkansas 2,005 4,676 

Kansas 4,960 9,970 

Louisiana 1,435 4,131 

Missouri 3,096 8,811 

Nebraska 2,100 5,547 

New Mexico 313 1,178 

Oklahoma 2,997 6,276 

Texas 7,951 24,102 

Undistributed 4,500 



Total 29,357 64,691 



Western Jurisdiction 



Alaska 

Arizona 230 

California 4,854 

Colorado 978 

Hawaiian Island 

Idaho 297 

Montana 257 

Nevada 

Oregon 885 

Utah 25 

Washington 1,267 

Wyoming 110 

Undistributed 



1954-55 

156 

1,030 

10,498 

2,401 

89 

875 

917 

148 

2,273 

164 

3,130 

312 



Total 8,903 21,993 



Complimentary 
Foreign 



1,210 
394 



1942 1954-55 
Grand Total 135,080 285,266 



FINANCIAL CONFERENCE REPORT FOR YEAR— June 1, 1954— May 31, 1955 
WOMAN'S DIVISION OF CHRISTIAN SERVICE— BOARD OF MISSIONS— THE METHODIST CHURCH 

HENRIETTA GIBSON, Treasarrr 



(1) 


CONFERENCE INCOME ON APPROPRIATIONS BY DEPARTMENTS 


DIVISION OF TOTAL RECEIPTS 


Jurisdlctiun 


Adult 


w.s.t;. 


Paid on 
Pledge 
1954-55 


Total 
Pledged 
1954-55 


Youth 


Children 


Toul on 

Appropriations 

19,54-55 


Total on 

.\ppropriations 

19.53-54 


Appropriations 


Week of 

Prayer 

(Including 

W.S.G.) 


Cash for 
Supply Work 


Supplemen- 
tary Gifts 


Cultivation 

X of 1c 
Per Member 


Uetiuests 




General 


Conference 
Work 


Total 
Receipts 


Central: 

Central Alabama 


. f 968.41 


J 62.90 
249.17 
603.50 

92.00 

35.00 
194.00 
1,505.80 
191.00 
368. 50 

74 00 
113.50 

28.00 
255.00 
300.00 

16.34 

1,925.70 

306.50 


« 1.031.31 
1.683.00 
10.015.00 
1.093.56 
1.035.00 
2.306.77 
9.310.30 
2.683.32 
2,338.70 
2.000 00 
4,167.18 
1,019.45 
2,206 35 
3,350.40 
1,002 34 
8,158.82 
1,984.75 


* 1,200 00 
1.440 00 
9,200.00 
1,000.00 
1.000.00 
3.000 00 
7.500.00 
3,600.00 
3,000,00 
2,000,00 
4,000 00 
1.440,00 
2.500,00 
3.300 00 
1,000,00 
7,600,00 
1,700.00 


% 6.00 
19.00 

670 00 
62.00 
44.50 
6,00 

316,04 
32.80 
17.26 
40.00 
.57.26 
37.50 
13,00 

380,27 
31 50 

673.35 
20 00 


$ 17.00 
38.16 
97.90 
25.00 
15.50 
23.50 
90.61 
15.00 
15.20 
40.00 
25,75 
32.00 
76.65 
35.00 
6.50 
206.06 
74.00 


$ 1,054.31 
1,740.16 
10,782.90 
1,180.56 
1,095.00 
2,336,27 
9,716.95 
2,731.12 
2,371.16 
2,080.00 
4,2.50.19 
1,088.95 
2,296.00 
3,765.67 
1,040.34 
9,038.23 
2,078.75 


$ 843 . 53 
1,434.13 
12,071.59 
1,201.58 

978.00 
2,243.87 
8,394.33 
2,547.27 
2,119 59 
1,970.00 
3,990.82 

886 12 
1,760. 50 
3.337.00 

817.73 
9.072.39 
1,634.20 


.$ 1.054.31 
1.740.16 
8,282.90 
1,180.56 
1,095.00 
2,336.27 
9,716.95 
2,731.12 
2,371.16 
2.080.00 
4.2,50 19 
1,088.95 
2,296.00 
3,765.67 
1,040 34 
9,038,23 
2,078.75 




* 31.25 

194.29 

217.20 

79.85 

44 15 

73,53 

477,00 

134 00 

141.62 

118.86 

372.87 

40 00 

10.00 

134.65 

59.00 

529.14 

201.24 


$ 51.46 
164.50 
.832.25 
76.00 
64.00 
356.76 
1.164,70 
237.62 
213 , 50 
125.00 




$ 3.00 
4.32 

16,00 
3.90 
3,80 
5,99 

14.88 
6.00 
5.00 
7,00 

11.00 
2,00 
4.00 

10.00 




$ 1,140.01 
2,103.27 


Central West 


1,433.83 












$ 2,600.00 


$ 538.00 
10.00 




1 001 56 










Florida 


1,000.00 




1,206.95 
2,772.56 

11,983 53 
3,108.74 
2,731.28 
2,330 86 
4,764,61 
1,210.95 
2,500.00 
4,074.32 
1 , 134 59 

10,013.87 
2,696.49 


(Jeorgia 


2,112.77 










7 806 00 




610.00 






2 492 32 










North Carolina 


1.926.00 




South Carolina 








Southwosl 


991.45 


80.00 
190.00 
159.00 
2.50 
423.50 
196.60 




Tennesflee 


1,951.85 












6.00 

32.75 

5.00 

115.00 




Upper Misflissippl 


986 00 






Washington 


6,233 12 




18.00 
5.00 




Went Texas 


1,678 25 














T'olai 


49 065 84 


6,320.41 


55,386.25 


54,480.00 


2.426.48 


833.83 


58,646.66 


55.802.65 


56,146.56 


2.600.00 


2,868.65 


4,467.88 


1,816.76 


119.89 




67,408.68 








North Central: 

Detroit 

Illinois 


140,978.96 


6,482.74 
9,935.63 
9,620.49 
8, 007. 59 
5,662 91 
6.377.89 
1.372 68 
8.317.22 
6,177.97 
13,677.60 
3.9.56.20 
15.500.19 
11.878.14 
1,744.72 
7,667.24 
1.635 81 
3,136 61 


147,456.70 
179,181.85 
118.536.97 
135,573.85 
106,244 96 
102,576.65 
30,046.91 
149,074 93 
162,091.82 
241,368.17 
75,, 507, 23 
319,246.45 
207,148.03 
33,725.77 
60,798.82 
37,218,06 
60,587.47 


139,320 00 
173.000,00 
118.500,00 
115.650.00 
100.000 00 
90,000 00 
30,000.00 
148,120.00 
155,000.00 
236,800 00 
75,500,00 
310,000,00 
200,026,00 
34,000,00 
63,530 00 
38,000.00 
.56,000.00 


5.. 585. 84 
8.049,42 
4,100.00 
8,792.09 
4,502.82 
2,919,50 
721 , 50 
7,619.00 
9.0.52.83 
8,216.22 
3,125.82 
15,625.38 
3,776,00 
2.332 43 
2.6.50.65 
1,598,47 
1,821,53 


.533.33 

1.174 41 

2.004,80 

919 95 

909.03 

475.59 

276.01 

2.143.51 

1.395 22 

3,032.86 

683 20 

3,4.54.90 

980 58 

61.03 

718.04 

147.49 

226.96 


1.53,675.87 
188,405,68 
124,641,77 
145,285,89 
111,656,81 
105,971.74 
31,044 42 
158,837.44 
172,539,87 
252,617,25 
79,316 25 
338,326.73 
211,904 61 
36,119 23 
64,167.51 
38,964,02 
62,635.96 


149.007.56 
185.206.47 
124.089.92 
141.865.45 
106,031.21 
102,717.97 
30,762 27 
157,347 24 
164,771,43 
249,1.50.29 
76,088 23 
.322,355.27 
202,533.90 
33,917.75 
58,660.76 
39,677.98 
58,989 93 


149,625.87 
164,805.68 
121,641.77 
137,365.89 
105,216.81 
104,599.74 
31,044,42 
158,837.44 
167,500.87 
242,217.25 


4,0.50.00 
23,600.00 
3,000.00 
7,920.00 
6,440.00 
1,372 00 


5.543.14 
7,678.01 
5,164.68 
6,956.03 
5,076.42 
5,155.45 
1,245.50 
5,586.88 
7,244.50 
9,736,81 
3,463 09 
14,873 62 
5,244 83 
1,877 01 
4,078.60 
2,044.70 
2,968.91 


17.316.36 
23,292.78 
13,104.60 
10,997.41 
11,526.80 
12,584.73 

4,372.85 
11,482.16 
15,469.26 
21,786,60 

7,038.76 
36,831 41 
12,262 51 

4,941,09 
10,509,60 

3,931,67 

4,564.64 


4.277.85 
9.622.30 
706.71 
15,910.00 
4,940.17 
1,511.89 

618^90 

2,684.51 

953,61 

301 .24 

2,467.29 

2,. 364. 66 

10,00 

777.08 

581.82 

196.00 


98.16 

105.87 
73.70 

106,51 
73.12 
70.40 
23.42 
70,22 
98,80 

129.87 
51 .22 

167.89 
86.43 
26.00 
.37.49 
80.92 
41.46 




180,811 38 








143,751.46 










If 191,40 

1.000.00 

940.15 














37,686.19 








177,635.25 






5,039.00 
10,400.00 


198,036 94 


Norlh-Kast Ohio 




291,633.84 






90,170,56 


Ohio 










392,166.94 


Kock Hiver 




202,554 61 
36,119 23 
61,167,51 
38,964 02 
62,635.96 


9,350.00 




231,862 44 


South Dakota 






42,972,33 






3.000.00 




79,570.28 


West Wisconsin 




45,568.13 


Wisconsin 


57,450.86 




600.00 


70,906.96 


Total 


2.045,233.01 


121.151.63 


2,166,384.64 


2,083,446.00 


90,489.50 


19,136.91 


2,2?6,011.05 


2,203.173.63 


2.201,840.05 


74,171.00 


93,482.18 


222,018 23 


47,982.98 


1,290.47 


9.041.26 


2,649,771.11 


Halliinore 

Central New York 






144,8.56 64 
57,578,58 
60,241.97 
84,430 94 
76,912 30 
10,340 83 
39,. 560 86 
26.0.50 31 
8.125 66 
.59.624 72 
44.800 19 
65.335.57 
75,083.75 
32,801.99 
50,601.42 

103,043.67 

118,822 72 

208,45 

57,. 520 90 

141.102 49 
62.055.63 


122,000 00 
54,000.00 
54 . 000 00 
83 , 000 00 
70,000 00 
9,500 00 
38.000 00 
24.. 500, 00 
8,000 00 
55.000 00 
42,. 500, 00 
.57.200 00 
70,000,00 
31,000 00 
45,000,00 
90.000 00 
98.000.00 
40 00 
57.000 00 

123.000 00 
52.000 00 


4,952.30 

2,184 00 

2,874 30 

2,803.52 

2,672.52 

279 65 

1,232 43 

740.39 

126 76 

2,831,95 

1,056.87 

735,81 

1,115,49 

346 12 

944 , 50 

3,461.84 

6,964.39 


415.72 
493.49 
416 75 

1,113.77 
151.76 
26.25 
241 23 
19.50 
77 63 
.541.69 
119.52 
272,51 
219.00 
102.60 
273,02 
855 17 

1,443.80 


150,224 66 
60,256,07 
63,533.02 
88,348.23 
79,736,58 
10,646,73 
41, 034, 52 
26,810,20 
8,330 05 
62,998 36 
45,976.58 
66,343.89 
76,418 24 
33,250.71 
51,818,94 

107,360,68 

127,230.91 

208.45 

58,948 57 

147,580 68 
64,342,33 


142.407.25 
61,592.65 
63,099 30 
87,174.32 
76,761.73 
10,205.43 
42,654.14 
25,695.57 
8,647.09 
59,970.49 
46,336.75 
62,041.49 
71,521 49 
31,774.29 
50.209.67 

106.978 01 

128,592 31 

183 .54 

57.735 24 

145,620.74 
63,635 53 


136,324.66 
60,256 07 
53,233 02 
81,348 23 
76,636 58 
10,646 73 
28 , 734 . 52 
23,310 20 
8, ,330 05 
57,248 36 
45,976 58 
61,793 89 
72,818 24 
33,2.50.71 
42,778 94 
89,260 68 

113,330.91 

208 45 

58,948.57 

135,280 68 
57,142,33 


18,900.00 


7,186.78 
2,223.11 
2,812,23 
5,188 21 
2,935 23 
738 12 
1,. 300 86 
1,246 70 
360 49 
2,900 65 
1,458,22 
2,588 81 
2,847.08 
2,068 75 
2,720 22 
5,057 24 
6,655,91 
72 04 
2,893.65 
11,551 91 
2.669.13 


11,088 28 
4,012,45 
4,060 02 
9,531 09 
7,341.34 
533 83 
5,074 70 
!,814 75 
260.80 
5,321,28 
3,156,53 
4,543,80 
5,653 16 
2,129,87 
4,469 86 
13,087 14 
11,236.98 


5,887.72 
297.58 
100,00 

1,059 80 

3,007.00 
575.00 

3,854.32 
600 00 
127.60 
12 50 
672 , 50 
640,00 

3,322 75 
205 , 80 
717.97 
930 00 

5,706.68 


86.10 
45.00 
53.00 
47.26 
46.82 
19.03 
37,66 
18.75 
8 68 
45 80 
27 50 
41.13 
44.91 
27.18 

eo'.ii 

64.64 




174,322.64 


55,832.05 1,746 53 




66,834.21 


10,300.00 
7,000.00 
3,100.00 

12! 300 00 
8,600.00 

5i756;66 

4;556'66 
3.600.00 

9!o46!66 

18.100.00 
13.900.00 

i2!36o;66 

7.200.00 




70,568.27 


Erie 

(lOnesee 

New England 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

Now York 

Newark 

I'eninsula 


S2,546,02 
74,263.64 
10,333 33 
38,871.46 
26,005 31 
7,647.66 
57,984 55 
40.585.31 
61,846 83 
71,702.89 
31.680.94 
50,395.40 
97.442 99 

115,705 46 

75 00 

55,623 90 

129,727 80 
60.566.55 


1,884 92 

2,648 66 

7.50 

689 40 
45 00 

478 00 
1,640 17 
4,214.88 
3,488.74 
3,380 86 
1,121 05 

206 02 
5,600.68 
3,117.26 

133 45 
1,897.00 
11,374 69 
1,489.08 


260,o6 


104,119.09 
93,066.97 
12,612.71 
51,561.96 
29,990.40 
9,087.62 
71,278.10 
51,291.33 
74.157.63 
88.286.14 
37.682.81 
.59.726.49 

126.495.23 


IMiiladelphia 

I'ittslnirgh 


762.90 


151.656.87 
280.49 




8,327 81 
17,684 34 
5,261.60 


90 00 

5.006.00 

16.00 


48.60 
96.00 
48.42 






Troy 

West Virginia 


1,300 89 
5,410.89 
1,892 .50 


126,78 

1,067,30 

394 20 


181.916.93 
72.322.48 


Wyoming 






Total 


1.267.630.10 


51.469.49 


1.319.099 59 


1.183.740.00 


43.927.12 


8,371.69 


1,371,398 40 


1,342,837.03 


1,246,858 40 


124.540.00 


66.860.84 


119,039.08 


82,776.47 


859.01 


1,012,90 




South Central: 


161.404.04 
79,456.14 
66,42133 
1.841.12 
83.664.32 
66.984 60 


15.090.96 
15.830 42 

8.588.83 

8^638 93 
9.800 41 


166.495.00 
95.286.56 
75.010 16 
1.344 12 
92,303 25 
75,785.01 


164.670 CO 
85.200 00 
74.107.50 
1.091 00 

100.000 00 
73.000 00 


6.436 34 
3.496 72 
1.675,77 
13,18 
4.0.54.00 
2.688 60 


1,344 29 
386 08 
324 75 
22 06 
904 91 
179 42 


174.275 63 
99,169 36 
77,010 68 
1,879 36 
97,262 16 
78,653 03 


166,639.16 
98,533 84 
75,620 30 
1,439 76 
97.315 47 
77.038.00 


173,650 63 
99,169 36 
77,010 68 
1,379.36 
94,762 16 
78.653 03 


625.00 

2!5o6.6o 


7.777,95 
7,207.44 
4.499 .56 
109 45 
3.714 33 
3.922 86 


17,805.72 
10.521 31 
10.129 92 
462 36 
10.889 03 
5.695 50 


426.89 
878.61 
62.00 

i!i43:32 

646.02 


85.46 
86,00 
32.29 
2.49 
64 89 
31.64 




200.370.66 


Central Kansas 




117.812.62 


Central Texas 

Kiist Oklahoma 

Indian Mlision 

ICsiisas. .... 

UttleRock 




91,734.45 

1,963.66 

113,073 23 

88,848 96 



FCNAJNCIAL CONFERENCE REPORT FOR YEAR— June 1. 1954 May 31. 1955 

WOMAN'S DIVISION OF CHRISTIAN SERVICE— BOARD OF MISSIONS— THE METHODIST CHURCII 



HFNRIFrrA (.IHSON. Tr 



(2) 






CONFERENCE INCOME ON APPROPRIATIONS BY DEPARTMENTS 


DIVISION OF TOTAL RECEIPTS 


JarladleUon 


Adult 


W.S.G. 


Paid on 
Pledge 
1964-65 


Total 
Pledged 
1954-55 


1 


Total on 

Appropriations 

1954-55 


Total on 

.\ppropriations 

1953-54 


Appropriations 


We«kof 

Prayer 

(Includins 

W.S.G.) 


Cash tor 
Supply Work 


Supplemen- 
tary Gifts 


Cultivation 

!, of Ic 
Per Member 


Deques ts 








General 


Conference 
Work 


Total 
Receipts 


Sniilh Onlral (Continued): 

l;,ri>iii<lana 

MI«Mi)uri 

iVobraHka 

Now Mexico 

North Arkansan 

North Toxai! 

NorthwoHt Texaa 

IlloOrando 

St. LouU 

SouthwoHt MisHourl 

SoulhwcHl Texan 

Toxari 

Wiwt Okhihcima 






» 93,577.70 
10,313 26 

148, 877. 07 
2.'i,940.40 
13,998 12 
K«,196 7r> 
S9,205 18 
1,573.77 
«9,592 72 
HO, 213 02 
103,108 27 
147,366 23 
75,603.78 


$ 13,146 68 
2,861 32 
8,600.19 
4,934 38 
11,832 .59 
14,076.63 
11.198 26 
34 . .50 
II). 000 24 
10.234 20 
15,120 64 
18,666.73 
10,841 22 


$ 106,724.38 
43.174.58 

1.57.477.26 
.•50.874.78 
.55.8.30.71 

100.273 .39 
HO. 403 44 
1.608 27 
79,. 592 96 
90,447.22 

118.228 91 

166,032.96 
86,445.00 


J 93,000.00 
38,000.00 
1.50,600.00 
26,. 500. 00 
.57,200.00 
92, 8.30. 50 
73,. 500. 00 
1,200.00 
71,500.00 
H5.000.00 
105,000.00 
137,500.00 
86,420.00 


* 3,739.90 
1.473 46 
3,429.38 
1,482.19 
1,225.42 
4,174.72 
5., 324. 97 
74.21 
871.55 
2.1,56.47 
3,012.15 
4,642.88 
1,645.92 


* 538.27 
.578.50 
.571.26 
363.60 
143.87 
3.57 67 
262 41 
9.40 
634.34 
6.53.31 
475.21 
1.004.96 
463.59 


» 110,997 55 
45,226 ,54 

161,477 90 
■32,720 57 
.57,200 00 

104,805 78 
85,990 82 
1,691 88 
81,098,85 
93,2.57 00 

121.716 27 

171.680.80 
88.554.51 


$ 103,998 67 
44,486.34 
148,213 3" 
.33.214.8.- 
55.050.72 
98.387 94 
78.642. If 
1.914.66 
77,692.35 
90,017.74 
114,757.80 
158,692.02 
90,428.77 


$ 110.997.5C 
45.226 .54 

1.52.277 90 
32.720 .57 
.56.800 0(1 

104,805 78 
85,990 82 
1,691.88 
.SI .098.8,- 
93,257 00 

121,716 27 

171,680.80 
88,554.51 


i 9:200.00 
406:60 


? 7,. 5,52 61 
3.. 396 11 
5.629 1. 
3.195 s: 
4.446 8" 
10.462 .•.( 
9.442 0- 

•1.599 X] 
5.369 57 
9.647.8( 
10.097.7( 
6.129.96 


S 16,083.0 

4,.308 6r 

14.183.1; 

7.643.3!! 

8.754.0L 

7,695.04 

1 10,582 64 

127.01 

12,424,17 

10,359 IV. 

23,420 93 

20,031 2; 

I4,968,7r 


$ 37. Of 

75. 0( 

3.963,3 

363. 5r 

291,1! 

186. 0( 

2,853.92 

781 :9; 

65.0(1 
757,0(1 
507,21 

30 . 0( 


$ 37. 7( 
30 . 74 
79,9'i 
18,71 
36, 3r 
43 81 
33 47 

34, 7r 

4 1 , 09 
45.54 
64 94 
46. ir 


* 134.707.87 
53.036.99 

185,333,40 

$ 315.00 44,267.05 

70,728.37 

123,392.12 

108,902.92 

2, .370. 99 

98,939.51 

109,091 68 

155,587.54 

202,381 .87 

109,729.37 


I'olnl 


1.433,840.83 189,497.13 


1,623.337.96 


1,516,319.00 


51,617.83 


9,212.90 


1,684,168.69 


1,612,083.92 


1,671,443.69 


12,726.00 


107,758.67 


206,984.76 


12,766.73 


786.89 


316,00 


2,011,763.24 


SoiilheuHlurn: 

Aliilwina 

';uha Mlanloii 

Kl.iri-la 

Il<il«t..ii 

Kniitiicky 

I.uuiavilla 

Ml»«l«»lppl 

North Alabama 

North Caroliiiii 

North (foorgiii 

North Ml«MiMsi|)pi 




79,767.86 10,331.00 

140.50 

129,037.13 18,861.48 
100,290 49 21,772.62 
54.532 63 10.416 67 
.50,208 35 6,816 6,j 
70,670 69 13,537.30 
54,968. 61 i 13, 929. 3.) 
85,829 441 16,029 19 
121,673.631 14,4.59 84 
128,621 821 32, 303. .53 
45,416 38 7,5.54 37 


90.098 86 
140,50 
I47.89H 61 
122,063 11 
64.949 .30 
57,025 00 
84,207 99 
68.897.94 
101,858 63 
136.133.47 
160.925 35 
.".2.970 75 


H2 , noo . 00 

60 00 
1311.000 00 

94 , ono 00 

60,000.00 
55,000 00 
75,000.00 
68,.')00 00 
90.00(1 00 
117,011(1 00 
140.(1(10 UO 
50 , (100 . 00 
135,000.00 
114.. 576 00 
86,000 00 
170,000.00 
130,000 00 


2,356 64 
42 81 
H, 901 04 
8,101 02 
2,083 61 
2,481 41 
3,132.83 
4,036.89 
U,. 343. 50 
5.4.56.15 
5,948 10 
3.886.22 
5,420.39 
3,426 54 
4,624 20 
9,372.37 
8,883.81 


425 75 

624^86 
992.05 
400 24 
509.48 
481.00 
216.06 
.532.65 
1.162.11 
994.36 
1.56.81 


92,881.25 
183 31 
1, 57, 424 51 
131,156 18 
67,433.15 
60,015.89 
87,821.82 
73.150 89 
108,734 78 
142,751 73 
167,867 81 
57.013 7H 


90,140 06 

155.00 

1.54,406 38 

109,261 14 

65,994.79 

57.428.58 

79.774.97 

69.810.66 

108.000.58 

138.349 60 

1.53.853 07 

56.063.71 

153.893.24 

145.. 549. 95 

94.574.45 

234.069.46 

162.687.92 


92,881 2f 
183 31 
157.424.51 
131,156 18 
67,433 15 
60,015 89 
87,821.82 
73,1,50.89 
105,734.78 
142,751 73 
167,867.81 
57,013.78 
164,890 51 
148,029 42 
82,801 80 
241,865.29 
170,849 22 


.3 , 000 00 


12,206.48 
294.67 
12.916 02 
17.308.74 
6,509 7r 
6,607 5r 
11,878 12 
8,975.13 
8,595.73 
13,454 71 
11,300.72 
6,682 46 
11,997.01 
11.214 47 
6,928.64 
23,060.89 
13,767.80 


10,210.03 

32,739:3r 
11,802.82 
0,938.52 
5,036 70 
9,170 55 
3,306.66 
13,748 U 
14,833.96 
18,232.87 
5,228 21 
14,164.00 
12,283 90 
7,557.37 
20,009.42 
26,471.94 


1,830.01 

06.50 

6,420.36 

25,565.90 
1,580.91 
2,200.00 
5,297 10 
2,051 00 
2,312.17 
3,580.27 
3,100.00 
1,914.20 
163.01 
3,781,80 
2,021,00 

28,260.50 
4,400.00 

94,538.72 

71.82 

2.720.80 

776.00 

50,00 

10,00 


40.00 

1 50 : 00 
74.52 
34.47 
30,00 

32:70 
56,81 
81,77 
70,00 
30,14 
75,30 
57 08 
39,19 
125.00 
113.66 

1,011.13 

1.00 
69.13 
44.48 








543.48 
209.650,24 
185,908,16 
82,496.80 
73,890.14 
114,167.59 
87,516.38 
133,447.00 
174,702 44 
200,571 .40 




141,381.38 17,238 26! 158,622.64 
129,142.31 11.796 00, 143.938 31 


847.48 164.890.51 
664 57 148 029 421 












Virulnhi 


74,171.85 
213,451.70 
139,715.91 


17,049 8l' 91,221.66 
19,707.23 233.15X93 


355.94 
1,333.99 
1,348 90 


96,201 80 
243,865.29 
170,849.22 


13,400.00 
2,000.00 


112,748.00 




20,900.60 


160,616 51 










. — 




i-ulal 


1.619.023.68 


255,703 88 


1,874,727.56 


1,597,136.00 


84.497.53 


11,046.25 


1,970,271.34 


1,874,013.56 


1,951,871.34 


18,400.00 


188,698.89 


211,734.41 


2,461,249.49 







Alaska Missiim 


1,656.04 

100,468.76 

48,088.00 

1,939.59 

16.491.77 

405.42 

18,081.76 

48.122.72 

300.00 

62.135.50 

236.177.93 

7,972.90 

541,840.39 




1,656.04 
108. .5.33. 72 

.".2,5MK 2li 

1 , '.ItiT .■>;! 

17..'.0l; V.) 

to.-. 12 

19,622 Hti 

.■> 1,830.98 

110. OU 

67,968.40 

254,265.97 

8,500.00 


1,250.00 
98,604 00 

l.S.dOO.OO 
1 .(1(10 (1(1 
1 1 , 200 UO 

:ioo 00 
17,(100.00 
lS,.'iOO,00 
200.00 
62,000.00 
231,000.00 
8,500.00 




17.51 
366.11 
582.92 


1,673.55 

111,519.16 

54,570.54 

2,200.87 

17.839 32 

421.32 

21.427.30 

55,468.57 

417.68 

70,654.09 

261,229.68 

8,784.59 


1,254.78 

107,658.94 

.53,105.19 

1,846.80 

17,042 36 

376.88 

19,349.78 

.50.405.36 

225.00 

66.550.34 

243,396.56 

8,823.30 


1,673.56 

109,519.16 

52,370.54 

2,200.87 




441.39 
5,226.07 
3,106.92 

178.23 

1,007.50 

55.66 

1,181.92 

2,562.35 

133.87 
4,102.05 
9,938.04 

430.94 


193.25 

20,101.21 

6,667.46 

114.55 

3,687.40 

3 00 

3,266.27 

5,8,52.65 

15.00 

8,634.13 

28,814.47 

1,623.08 


2,381.01 




8,064.96 

4,500.26 

28.00 

1,010 42 


2,619.33 

1,399.36 

2,33.28 

274 59 

15.90 

1.493. ,52 

:i,279.43 

7.68 

2,500.84 

6,. 392. 10 

230.00 


2,000.00 
2,200.00 












Hawaii Mlanion 




2,643.65 


Iiiahn 


62.54 




11.00 




22,565.22 


Moiiluna 

Dri'ifon 

t'acilio .lapaneno Provlsto 

l*acl(if Nortliwcat 

Soutliorti Calif ornia-Arist 
Wvoniiim Slain 


al 


421.32 
19,600.30 
-.2 , 968 . 57 
417.68 
69,754.09 
253,429.68 
8,784.59 


1:827:66 

2,500.00 

906:66 
7.800.00 




479.98 


nai;;;;;;:;:;::: 

na . . . 


1,541 10 
3,708 26 

110.00 
5,832.90 
18,088.04 

527.10 


310.92 
358.16 

184:85 

.571. 61 
.-.4.59 


i:469:92 

856:87 

10,718.68 
16.00 


15.30 
29,07 
3.11 
46.19 
106.44 
6.38 


25:26 


25,890.79 
67, 018. 27 
669,86 
84,287,33 
310,827.61 
10,769.99 










Total 


43,411.04 


585,251.43 


531,154.00 


18.446.03 


2,. 509. 21 


606,206.67 


570,035.29 


588,979.67 


17,227.00 


28,362.94 


78,862.37 
842,101.68 


18.677.96 


332.06 


1,059.01 


732,100.99 


loin! rrnin ('iinliTrniM-x 


>i. 956. 633. 85 


667,653.68 


7.624.187.43 


6,966,275.00 


291.404.49 


51,110.79 


7,966,702.71 


7,657,446.08 


7,717,139.71 


249,663.00 


482.966.67 


206,062.66 


4,877.94 


12,028.16 


9,614,229.71 


Doacottenn l*(»nsion Fund 

liitori'st Inconio Allociilud from Endowments 














68,488.06 
1,258.78 

20,957.27 
17,898.27 


69.264.18 
1.167.84 

20.913.67 
14.675.87 

20.00 


68,488.06 
1,258.70 

20.967.27 
17.898.27 














68,488.06 
1,258.70 

20,957.27 


M iat'ollanoous and (lif t« for Approoriat 
1 llKi.blllty Knn.l 




















I 1 




orary 






















108,602.30 


106.041.41 


108,602.80 














Ucand I'ulal 






$6,956,633.86 


t667,55S.SS 


$7.624, 187.48 


»6. 966, 275. 00 


$291,404.49 


tSl, 110.79 


$8,076,305.01 


$7,763,487.49 


$7,826,742.01 


$249,668.00 


$482,966.87 


$842,101.68 


$206,062.66 


$4,377.94 


$12,028.16 





Literature Headquarters 193 

Literature of the Woman's Division of Christian Service 

June 1, 1954 — May 31, 1955 

Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 

A Christian's Primer of Technical Assistance and Land Reform 

Activities for 1955-56 

Organization of United Nations (poster) 

To Combine Our Efforts for Lasting Peace (study book) 

Guide to the study book, To Combine Our Efforts for Lasting Peace 

Your United Nations Worked for Peace in 1953-54 

Your United Nations Worked for Peace — 1945-55 

Field — Foreign 

Adventure in North Africa 

Africans on the Move in a Revolutionary World 

Bridge to the Future — A Story of Aoyama Gakuin 

Building in Korea Today 

Miracle in Peru 

Field — Horn e 

Addendum (For Schools and Colleges) 

Cherokee Methodists 

Community Centers in Cities 

Declaring His Glory — Methodist Women at Work Around the World^ 

Profile of the Yuma 

To Serve the Present Age 

Finance 

Appropriations for June 1, 1955 to May 31, 1956 
In Honor — Special Memberships " 

Library Service 

Book List 
Missionary Education and Service 

Study and Action, 1954-55 
Study and Action, 1955-56 

Missionary Personnel 

You Can Be There (Foreign section) 
You Can Be There (Home section) 

Organization and Promotion 

A Widening Way ^ 

Heart and Mind and Soul and Strength 

My Date Book 

Report Blanks^ 

"To Rekindle the Gift" — Film Discussion Guide 

Programs 

Program Book, 1955-56 — To the End of the Earth 
Progratnas Misioneros. 1955-56 (Spanish Program Book) 
"Worship Booklet, 1955-56 — To the End of the Earth 



194 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Spiritual Life 

An Introduction to Five Spiritual Classics — A S}^mposium (study book) 

A Guide — Ayi Introduction to Five Spiritual Classics 

Light Unchangeable 

Prayer Calendar — September-December, 1055 

Prayer at Noontide (card) 

Pray Without Ceasing (prayer card) 

The Peace of God (prayer card) 

Spiritual Life Packet, 1955-56 

Week of Prayer and Self-Denial packet for 1955: 

Poster, gift envelope, prayer card 

Meditations and Plans for the Quiet Day — The ABC's of Meditation 

Worship Service for the Program ^Meeting — A Trust, Lord, from Thee 

Leader's Handbook 
Worship Settings 

Student Work 

Why Bother? 2 

Supply Work 

Does It Count? 

Youth Work 

Missions — Instrument of Peace (Youth Program Book) 

General 

Fifteenth Annual Report 
When People Move 



^ Half of this book is on work in the home field and halt on work in the foreign field. 
- Revised. 




Literature attractively displayed in the foyer of 
Literature Headquarters. 



Literature Headquarters 195 

Financial Report of the Publication Manager 

MRS. E. LEROY STIFFLER 

LITERATURE HEADQUARTERS 

of the 

WOMAN'S DIVISION OF CHRISTIAN SERVICE 

BALANCE SHEET, May 31, 1955 

ASSETS 
Cash and postage stamps on liand $ 405.1 1 

Demand deposits: 
Cincinnati : 

Regular account $ 18,481.55 

Salary reserve accovmt 15,040.98 

Pav roll account 500.00 

New York City 391.80 

San Francisco 788.18 

■ 35,202.51 

S 35,607.62 

Accounts receivable, customers 10,280.02 

Inventories, including merchandise in transit of $3,000.00, 
at cost 165,731.55 

Total current assets $211,619.19 

Fixed assets, at cost: 

Land and land improvements $ 30,314.80 

Building $259,247.04 

Furniture and fixtures 76,787.46 

$336,034.50 
Less, allowances for depreciation 60,469.49 

$275,565.01 

Automobile — advance payment 500.00 

$276,065.01 

Total assets $306,379.81 

$517,999.00 

LIABILITIES 

Accounts payable $100,381.96 

Advance from Woman's Division of Christian Service of the 
Board of Missions and Church Extension of The Methodist 
Church : 

With interest at the rate of 3 per cent per annum 
($40,000 paid on principal during year ended Mav 

31, 1955) ■. $ 45,000.00 

Without interest (no change during year) 70,000.00 

$215,381.96 
NET WORTH 
Balance, June 1, 1954 $289,105.56 

Add, excess of income over expenses, for the vear ended Mav 

31, 1955, as annexed ". ". 13,511.48 

302,617.04 

$517,999.00 



196 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

LITERATURE HEADQUARTERS 

of the 

WOMAN'S DIVISION OF CHRISTIAN SERVICE 

STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES 

for the year ended May 31, 1955 

Sales : 

Cincinnati $520,979.08 

New York 25,267.19 

San Francisco 25,475.15 

$571,721.42 

Appropriation for free literature and postage from National 
Treasurer 53,463.38 

Total operating income $625,184.80 

Cost of goods sold, as annexed $305,220.77 

Cost of free literature, including postage 71,376.78 

Mailing charges, postage and express 53,152.59 

Salaries and wages 107,753.64 

Depreciation 13,680.97 

Expenses, as annexed: 

Office 19,330.73 

Other 41,280.45 



Total operating expense $611,795.93 

Excess of operating income over expenses $ 13,388.87 

Other income 122.61 

Excess of income over expenses $ 13,511.48 



COST OF GOODS SOLD 
for the year ended May 31, 1955 

Inventory, June 1, 1954 $176,517.77 

Purchases : 

Printing and electros $128,604.62 

Art Work 2,977.50 

Manuscripts 3,230.30 

Study books 111,321.81 

Other books and leaflets 30,840.15 

Gift boxes, wrappings, and pins 14,460.17 

291,434.55 



$467,952.32 
Less inventory, exclusive of in-transit merchandise. May 31, 1955 162,731.55 



$305,220.77 



Literature Headquarters 197 

THE METHODIST WOMAN 

STATEMENT OF CASH RECEIPTS AND DISBURSEMENTS 

for the year ended May 31, 1955 
Receipts: 

Subscriptions : 

The Methodist Wo7nan, single $166,408.67 

The Methodist Woman, combination re- 
ceived from World Outlook 21,164.80 

World Outlook, combination $223,562.25 

Less, payments made to World Outlook 134,715.35 

88,846.90 

World Outlook, single $ 15,538.90 

Less, payments made to World Outlook 15,635.80 

* 96.90 

Other 4,610.51 

$280,933.98 

Disbursements: 

Cost of publication: 

Printing, binding, and electros $180,671.88 

Postage and mailing 10,082.21 

Circulation department expenses: 

Postage $ 7,596.38 

Office expense 1,393.01 

Expiration cards 3,721.49 

Mail list: 

Tabulating cards 932.20 

Paper 421.93 

Service and supplies 1,512.82 

15,577.83 

Equipment purchased 10,961.47 

Salaries 53,117.15 

Telephone and telegraph 820.13 

Auditing 250.00 

Insurance 988.20 

Equipment, rental and service 14,248.14 

Social security taxes 1,021.96 

Bank charges 569.70 

Maintenance and supplies 86.50 

Other 192.83 

288,588.00 

Excess of disbursements over receipts * $ 7,654.02 

Balance, June 1, 1954: 

Demand deposits $ 38,558.45 

Cash on hand and postage stamps 150.72 

38,709.17 

Balance, May 31, 1955: 

Demand deposits $ 30,903.28 

Cash on hand and postage stamps 151.87 

$ 31,055.15 

Accounts Payable 

Balance, May 31, 1955 $ 19,742.16 

* Denotes red figure. 



198 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Missionary Personnel 

By Misses Marguerite Twinem and Alpharetta Leeper 

"XT^RUITS of Discipleship" bring to our minds the 16 young deaconesses and 
wr home missionaries and the 21 foreign missionaries who have been commis- 
sioned for service with the Board of Missions this year. One also sees 33 
U.S.-2's and 28 Special Term foreign missionaries preparing to begin their work as 
soon as trains and ships can take them to their destinations. Each goes in faith 
beheving that "In everything God works with those who love Him." ^ 

Richard Belcher, secretary of the Interboard Committee on Christian Voca- 
tions, reports that now every Annual Conference has a Conference Commission on 
Christian Vocations. In this past year 6,500 young people and 750 adults have 
been together in seventy Vocation Conferences. This is one fruit of their work. 
We need to strengthen this commission because within it strategy and plans of 
action for the church are developed for recruiting and guiding youth for all church 
vocations. It has the responsibility of counseling and encouraging every young 
person within the Annual Conference who has expressed an interest in church work. 
It cannot do its maximum work unless there is a strong and active Committee on 
Christian Vocations in the local church. Records kept up-to-date by the com- 
mission with the help of the local church committee, and accessible to responsible 
people, are of first importance. 

The filmstrip, "Counseling for Church Vocations," is being used to advantage in 
many conferences. The screen play, "A Question of Life," is available and is espe- 
cially helpful for parents whose youth face the question of investing their lives 
in Christian and church-related vocations. A new sound fihn on recruitment for 
missionary service abroad is in manuscript form and will be ready for use in 1956. 

The free companion leaflets on home and foreign service called, "You Can Be 
There," are especially helpful to young people about ready to apply. These and 
the free leaflet for high-school youth called, "Going Somewhere?" are the new re- 
cruitment literature of the year. 

Plans are made for a pilot project of consultation on mission strategy among 
college students, involving leaders of campus and university religious life from one 
region, secretaries of the Board of Education and of the Board of Missions, a total 
of thirty-five or forty. The need for such a consultation was vividly felt when a 
group of secretaries of these two boards met in Cincinnati in January, 1955, to 
face together our common responsibihties in recruitment and guidance of candi- 
dates for missionary service. At that time it was agreed that we should get to- 
gether a carefully selected group of campus workers to face issues, plan wisely, 
and then make their finchngs available to others. This consultation will be held 
in October, 1955. 

Miss Nancy Grissom, a former U.S.-2, has been doing excellent work this year 
as field secretary in the colleges east of the Mississippi. Miss Joan Warnecka, a 
former A-3, is looking forward to being field secretary in 1955-56. Misses Colleen 
Gilmore, Anita Harris, Mrs. Dorothy Edwards Crisologo, and Miss Louise Weeks 
have served on the travel staff of the Student Volunteer Movement this year. 
Thirty missionaries, deaconesses, and Crusade Scholars have been invited to share 
experiences with the 5,000 young people gathering in August for the National Con- 
vocation of ]\Iethodist Youth. Every afternoon there will be a workshop on "Here's 
How Christians Witness Through Missionary Work." 

^ From The New Testament: An American Translation, by Edgar J. Goodspeed. Copyright 1923 by The 
University of Chicago. Used by permission. 



Reports of Standing Committees 

Missionary Personnel 

By Mrs. Alan K. Laing, Chairman 

THE mission motivation should be the resultant of two main forces — an ex- 
perience of God in Christ which is so meaningful that one is impelled to 
share it as good news, and a sensitivitj' to human need, physical, social, and 
spiritual, that draws one to centers of need." 

"Could I articulate my faith to a Brazilian agnostic or a keen Hindu in India?" 

"The college or university campus of today is perhaps the most strategic spot 
to be found for the recruitment of personnel for the mission program of the 
church." 

These provocative quotations are from talks by Dr. M. 0. Williams, Miss 
Marguerite Twinem, and Miss Alpharetta Leeper, secretaries of Missionary Per- 
sonnel of the Board of Missions, given before the Methodist Student Workers 
Association in October, 1954. The talks appeared in the April issue of The Meth- 
odist Woman, pages 4, 5, and 40. They go to the heart of our concern for recruit- 
ment of missionaries. From the October meeting has come a desire for further 
consultation to discover how a more direct and continuing challenge to missionary 
service can be included in the Methodist Student Program. This is a significant 
development in personnel this year. 

The need for regular term missionaries and deaconesses continues to be acute. 
From September, 1954, to June, 1955, 14 deaconesses and 3 home missionaries 
(young men) have been accepted for service. Likewise, for service overseas, 30 
regular term missionaries. In the U.S.-2 Program, 1955, there are 35 young women. 
Twenty-nine special term missionaries are in the 1955 Fellowship of Service (over- 
seas). Both groups are interracial and we give thanks for these lives. 

When the standing Committee on Missionary Personnel met in New York, 
April 27, 28, and 29, 1955, one of the needs which it faced was that for increased 
itineration of the Personnel staff on the campuses of Negro colleges. The com- 
mittee heard of the current situations and needs in mission fields at home and 
abroad from the executive secretaries in the Departments of Work in Home and 
Foreign Fields. 

Although the Committee on Christian Vocations in most local churches still 
is dragging its feet, the Conference Commissions on Christian Vocations in many 
cases are promoting get-togethers for their young people who have made com- 
mitments in summer institutes. It would be excellent in cultivating for recruit- 
ment in the local church, if the local Committee on Christian Vocations would 
form a fellowship group of those same young people to keep the fire glowing with 
continuing creative spiritual experiences. 

Word comes that the women of the Indian Mission Conference, Oklahoma, 
eager to do their part, have elected a secretary of Missionary Personnel, Mrs. 
Newman Long. We rejoice that these sisters of ours have this concern. 

Several conference Woman's Societies are sponsoring tours that their young 
women may see our missionary work. Try it! 

''To Rekindle the Gift" is a 32 minute, 16 mm sound film in color renting for 
$10.00 from The Methodist Publishing House nearest you. It is splendid, and shows 
the missionary work of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

One of our most powerful expressions of brotherhood is through the mission- 
aries and deaconesses who go in the name of the Master to live out His love among 
people. Our job is to see that this "Line of Splendor" remains endless. 

199 



200 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Permanent Funds and Investments 

By Mrs. F. C. Reynolds, Chairman 

DURING the fiscal year June 1, 1954-May 31, 1955, the total funds of the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service invested in bonds and stocks have in- 
creased from $17,898,969.21 (book value) to $20,531,362.74 (book value). 
For this service the amount paid during the year to the Irving Trust Company, 
which acts as investment adviser and custodian of the invested funds of the Woman's 
Division, was $22,964.95. The Endowment Fund which, by vote of the Woman's 
Division, is now guaranteed 3 per cent interest yearly, has during the year not 
only met its interest obligations by its own earnings, but through the years has 
earned enough to produce an accumulated interest balance large enough to have 
made it possible for a second 3 per cent interest payment. Last year a similar 
additional interest payment was made. 

For the year which closed on May 31, 1955, the Woman's Division made a 
distribution of the interest on the Designated Temporary Funds to the several 
departments of the Woman's Division at the rate of 3 per cent, the sixth succes- 
sive year this rate of interest has been paid. The interest so distributed during the 
year was $361,329.71 and it was allotted to the departments pro rata according to the 
proportion held for each in the fund. 

During the year interest at the rate of 3^/^ per cent on the Pension Funds was 
distributed. The amount was $120,015.82. 

The Woman's Division holds also an investment in mortgages with principal 
valuation of $490,193.75 in the Permanent Fund and $2,459.45 in the Designated 
Temporary Fund. These mortgages are serviced by Cruikshank Company at a total 
service fee of $2,005.86. Also in the Designated Temporary Fund the Woman's 
Division holds a note receivable of $45,000.00 secured by property in Cincinnati. 

The last analysis of the investment portfolio as of May 11, 1955, showed that 
the securities are divided as follows: Bonds, 53.05 per cent; Preferred Stocks, 
5.36 per cent; Common Stocks, 41.59 per cent, with an interest yield at purchase 
price of 3.83 per cent compared with 3.85 per cent last year. 

The chairman expresses to all the members of the Committee on Permanent 
Funds and Investments, both elected and coopted, her gratitude and appreciation 
for their help and counsel during the year. We wish to give a special word of thanks 
and appreciation to the Irving Trust Company for the generous reduction it has 
made in the charges for its service to the Woman's Division. This will result in a 
saving of about 20 per cent to the Woman's Division for the care of its securities. 

World Federation of Methodist Women 

By Mrs. Paul Arrington, Chairman 

INTEREST in the World Federation of Methodist Women is definitely growing. 
There have been many evidences during the year which indicate not only 
interest but also an appreciation of its value and potentiality for the future. 
The chairman has received more requests for help in presenting and inter- 
preting it on the conference, district, and local levels than in any previous year. 
The jurisdiction vice-presidents have been very tireless in their cultivation. Their 
resourcefulness and enthusiastic "push ability" have sparked much creative effort 
from conference and district vice-presidents. Reports show that the World Federa- 



Standing Committees 201 

tion of Methodist Women has been presented in more conference and district 
meetings this past year than ever before. IMoreover, local vice-presidents are 
becoming aware of their responsibility for making the membership feci that each 
one is a part of this world-wide organization of Methodist women. 

Activities on the conference and local levels have been confined to cultivating 
'■pen pals" and occasionally sharing in acts of neighborliness with women in other 
units. Such activities are helping to weld Methodist women of the world into a 
closer fellowship. 

The women of the India, Pakistan, Philii^pines, and African units will greatly 
appreciate religious pictures for the home and printed materials on child guidance, 
home making, and devotional helps. Such materials may be sent to missionaries 
serving in these countries, with the request that they be distributed to the women 
who need them. There is no duty on printed matter. 

The Quarterly Newssheet is reaching into local Societies more successfully. 
Some conferences are printing excerpt.'^ from it in their conference papers. 

The film which has been promised for so long will soon be available. It is 
very good and no doubt will meet a great need. 

We now have thirty-four units. Burma, Sarawak, and the Republic of China 
should be added to the list given on page 31 of the Handbook for Vice-Presidents. 

Our unit will be hostess to the Quadrennial Assembly, August 27-30, 1956, to 
be held at Lake Junaluska, North Carohna. Mrs. Chaves, the president, has 
appointed the program committee with Miss Dorothy McConnell as chairman. This 
committee is now at work on plans for the meeting. 



Spiritual Life 

By Mrs. J. W. Bunch, Chairman 

THE year just ended has been one in which the emphasis of the whole church 
has jjeen on stewardship as the result of a decision of the last General Con- 
ference. The Woman's Society of Christian Service cooperated through articles 
in The Methodist Woman, placing stewardship literature in the Spiritual Life 
packet, in presenting stewardship cards, and in numerous others ways. A readers' 
count of Bishop Harrell's article in The Methodist Woman, "Should a Christian 
Tithe?" showed that almost 35,000 women read his message. 

Literature Headquarters reports that, for the first time, all the Prayer Cal- 
endars were sold last year. An interim Prayer Calendar was printed to cover the 
period from September to December, 1955. Beginning with January 1, 1956, the 
dates of the Prayer Calendar will conform to the dates of other calendars. 

There has been much confusion in reporting the Fellowship of Intercession. 
Three of the jurisdiction secretaries of Spiritual Life are experimenting with dif- 
ferent ways of handling this situation, and these plans will be evaluated at the next 
meeting of the standing Committee on Spiritual Life. 

The chairman had most interesting experiences in attending two jurisdiction 
Schools of Missions and becoming acquainted with many conference secretaries of 
Spiritual Life. Good work was done in the Spiritual Life Clinics. 

A new editor. Miss Frances Eshelman, was assigned to Spiritual Life hterature. 
The fine work and helpfulness of Miss Juanita Brown through the years has been 
appreciated so very much. She is missed in this capacity but we are happy to 
welcome Miss Eshelman, who has made an excellent record the months she has 
been with us. Our thanks and appreciation to her! 



202 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

The lovely new pamphlet, Worship Settings, by Mrs. Salmon C. Myers, has 
just reached my desk. Much new material has been put in the Spiritual Life packet 
for next year. 

Our editor has been tireless in finding supplementary material to help in the 
teaching of the Five Spiritual Classics. 

In addition to the vast amount of Spiritual Life hterature sent out from our 
Woman's Division Literature Headquarters, devotional literature has been widely 
used from the Board of Evangelism, stewardship material from the Board of Lay 
Activities, and pamphlets and cards for those who are ill from the Board of Hos- 
pitals and Homes. 

One of the most rewarding phases of the work of the standing Committee on 
Spiritual Life is remembering the retired workers of the Woman's Division of 
Christian Service. With each quarterly check from the Woman's Division, a 
pamphlet or letter goes to each retired worker. Many letters come each quarter 
from our retired friends expressing their gratitude. 

The chairman of the standing committee has attended two meetings of the 
Board of Evangelism during the year, one at Niagara Falls, Canada, in July, the 
other at Cincinnati in January. The close relationship with the Board of Evan- 
gelism is invaluable in carrying out the desire to correlate the Woman's Society 
program of Spiritual Life cultivation with that of the whole church. 

During the year plans were made to organize the standing Committee on 
Spiritual Life on the same basis as other standing committees of the Woman's 
Division. The first meeting of the enlarged committee will be held in January, 
1956, at Buck Hill Falls. 

Good reports on the study of The Master Calleth for Thee have come from 
all parts of the country. Anticipation grows as we look forward to the study of 
the Five Spiritual Classics. 

At the end of a year of work, it is always interesting to look back on the ac- 
tivities in a spirit of evaluation of the work and results accomplished. Upon these 
achievements and experiences plans for the next year can be based. With this 
background and the assurance of the guidance of our heavenly Father we look 
to another year of activity in the field of Spiritual Life cultivation. 



Literature and Publications 

By Mrs. Fr.\nk G. Bell, Chairman 

THE current study. An Introduction to Five Spiritual Classics, is an ideal 
illustration of literature as one of the fruits of discipleship. No one can say 

how many radii of influence have gone out from these great spiritual centers. 
The brightness radiated from the great truths and experiences of these early writers 
has shone down the centuries. 

It is the awareness of the intellectual and inspirational possibilities of all mate- 
rials printed by the Woman's Division that lifts the work of the Committee on 
Literature and Publications above the routine duties of an average committee. Each 
member is challenged to give her best thinking to the discussions and planning at 
each session. 

The committee has held its two regular meetings during the year 1954-55. 
The Subcommittee on Programs has met each time in conjunction with the full 
committee. The total of 153,000 Program Books sold this year is the largest number 



Standing Committees 203 

of any year to date. The reactions from the local Societies to both the Program 
Book and Worship Booklet have been most favorable. 

The programs for 1956-57 on the theme, The Islands Await His Word, are well 
along in the process of preparation. The program for September will present the 
new Quadrennial Emphases. The theme for the programs for 1957-58, entitled 
The March of Missio7\s, has been approved. 

Elsewhere in this Annual Report will be found a complete list of the material 
printed this year, including the two study books prepared for the Woman's Divi- 
sion. All of these were requested through the committee and authorized after care- 
ful consideration of the need, timeliness, and financial possibility. The editors 
assumed responsibility for preparing the material. It was then sent to the publi- 
cation manager at Literature Headquarters. When the finished piece came off the 
press, it became the task of the circulation manager to care for its distribution. 
All involved worked under a strict schedule of deadlines so that materials would be 
ready at the proper time. 

The Methodist Woman and World Outlook have been invaluable in pro- 
viding supplementary materials for study classes, society and circle programs, and 
for giving general information. The goal that every officer of the local Society 
subscribe to The Methodist Woman is fully justified by the help that magazine 
provndes in carrying out the work of the Society. 

The committee is deeply grateful to all of these staff members who comprise 
the Editorial Board and their assistants for the superior literature which they make 
available to the women across the church. This, too, is a fruit of discipleship. 



Library Service 

By Mrs. C. P. Hardin, Chairman 

THE Woman's Division is proving very helpful to its workers around the world 
through Library Service. Since Library Service is \nthin appropriations, it 

means that every woman who contributes to the missionary work through her 
local Woman's Society is helping to provide books and magazines for the workers in 
the home and foreign fields at no expense to the workers. 

Your committee would like to share with you a few of the figures that tell a 
part of the story of what has been done in this area during the past few months. 

The Library Service Book List containing 169 titles, which was compiled by 
the committee, was sent to all of the national projects in the Department of Work 
in Home Fields and to all households in the Department of Work in Foreign Fields, 
along with an order blank upon which requests were to be made. Five hundred 
and thirty-four books and 12 magazines have been sent to the workers in home 
fields, which has amounted to an average of about 3 books to each project. Six 
hundred and six books and 52 magazines have been sent to the households in for- 
eign fields, an average of about 5 to each household. This makes a total of 1,140 
books and 64 magazines sent to the workers. 

The titles most popular on the current list were: The Revised standard Version 
of the Bible, A Man Called Peter, Ralph J. Bunche, Handicraft, The Fun Encyclo- 
pedia, A Book of Little Crafts, and Stories to Dramatize. 

Expressions of appreciation for this service have come from all of the workers. 
Many have said, "Please thank the Woman's Division for making this Library 
Service possible." 



204 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Status of Women 

By Mrs. W. H. Ratliff, Chairman 

THE high point of the year was the standing committee meeting held in New 
York in September. At this time detailed plans were made for the Status of 

Women chnics for the 1955 Jurisdiction and Conference Summer Schools. 

Much preliminary preparation had been made by the members of the com- 
mittee for this meeting. Materials had been assembled, reports analyzed, and 
requests classified, that the needs of the local women might be met. The resulting 
agenda gave every promise of being useful and usable. 

At Evanston the Status of Women Commission of the World Council of Churches 
became "The Commission on the Cooperation of Men and Women in Church and 
Society." Dr. Madeleine Barot, the executive secretary of this department of work 
in Geneva, continues to do research in this whole area, seeking to bring together 
some usable materials. There is such a wide range of thought on this whole idea 
of women in church and societj^ that so far no material is available from the World 
Council of Churches. 

The chairman, while in Europe, had an invitation to participate in a con- 
sultation called by this department of the World Council of Churches. The consulta- 
tion was on "Training of Women for Professional Church Work." Between forty 
and fifty women from ten countries were there. It was necessary to use interpreters 
and earphones. Everything was done in French, German, and English. This was 
the first meeting held by this commission since Evanston and a constructive approach 
to the whole problem was made. In Europe as in America, few women ever attain 
full ordination with full clergy rights. However, many women fill pulpits regularly — 
and preach in industrial centers during the noon hour. 

The Woman's Division of Christian Service appointed a committee to pre- 
pare a memorial to the 1956 session of General Conference asking that full clergy 
rights and privileges be granted to prepared women. Conferences and jurisdictions 
of Woman's Societies of Christian Service have passed resolutions asking the Wom- 
an's Division of Christian Service to memorialize General Conference on this matter. 
At the suggestion of the committee, some articles will be run in The Methodist 
Woman on this subject. 

While in Europe, the chairman met with Lady Hosie, author of the Bible 
study. The Master Calleth for Thee. This text will be on the reference shelf for 
Status of Women groups for a long time, giving the Biblical basis for women serving 
in church and society. Lady Hosie gave interesting side lights on this pubUcation. 

A second and most interesting consultation on Refugees was held at Les Rasses, 
Switzerland, by the World Council of Churches Commission on Inter-Church Aid 
and Refugees. This was attended by representative people from many nations 
affected by this world problem. There are still thirty million people who are home- 
less. 

Methodist women's groups were visited and greetings brought to meetings in 
Germany, Belguim, and England. 

A new Status of Women leaflet has been prepared and is now available from 
Literature Headquarters: "The Place Where Thou Standest." 



Standing Committees 205 

Pensions 

By Mrs. H. E. Werner, Chairman 

THE year which closed on May 31, 1955, has been a significant one in relation to 
the Pension Funds of the Woman's Division of Christian Service, for the plan 

of the treasurer's office to bring together into one total picture all of the seven 
different pension funds has been realized. These seven funds include that of the 
Woman's Division and those transferred by the uniting organizations, interest on 
which, together with grants from appropriations, has made it possible to pay retire- 
ment salaries to all deaconesses and missionaries of the Woman's Division, whether 
they served under the Woman's Missionary Council, the Methodist Protestant 
Church, the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, or the Woman's Home Missionary 
Society. Also, all retirement salaries for all the deaconesses and missionaries, as 
reported last year, have been equalized. 

During the year the treasurer of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society trans- 
ferred to the Woman's Division cash and insurance policies covering lives of their 
foreign missionaries amounting to $1,766,238.38 to be added to the Retirement Fund 
of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
already held by the Woman's Division. 

Also, during the year $50,000 was transferred to the Woman's Division by the 
treasurer of the Woman's Home Missionary Society to be added to the Retirement 
Funds for Deaconesses and Home Workers. 

As of May 31, 1955, the Missionary and Deaconess Pension Fund of the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service amounted to $414,523.07. 

The total fund, including all seven pension funds, amounts to $5,519,100.05 as 
of May 31, 1955. 

SPECIAL COMMITTEE 
Week of Prayer and Self-Denial 

]\Irs. Wrat Andrew, Chairman 
The Week of Prayer and Self-Denial offering for 1954-1955 totaled $483,023.67. 

1956 Recipients 

In the United States: 

Holding Institute, Laredo, Texas 

In Other Lands: 

Leadership Training, Bible School, Sarawak 
Leadership Training, Bible School, Sumatra 
Leadership Training Institute, Burma 
Leadership Training, Philippines 



206 



Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Supply Work 

By Mrs. C. A. Bare, Chairman 

WHEN a missionary writes, ''I cannot begin to list all of the constructive 
things we have been able to do through Cash for Supply Work/' it indicates 
that Methodist women are rendering a signal service through such gifts. While 
there is a decrease of §701.65 over the total amount of Supply Work done last year, 
more Societies are participating and several districts have had reports from every 
Society for one or more quarters during the year. The heart of the Christian faith 
is service and Methodist women are eager to meet the needs — '^Herein is my Father 
glorified, that ye bear much fruit: so shall ye be my disciples." (John 15:S) 



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Standing Committees 209 

Wesleyan Service Guild 

By Mrs. Geohge Dismukes, Cliairnuni 

MANY evidences of the fruits of discipleshiij have been noted among the 
127,728 members of the Wesleyan Service Guild during the past year. 

Through prayer retreats, small praj-er groups, study classes, well-planned 
worship services and programs, attendance at Schools of Missions and Guild Week- 
ends, the organization has increased in membership and giving to missions. 

Reported at the close of the year: total number of units, 5,222; new units, 268; 
new members, 11,626; transferred to the Woman's Society, 1,626. 

A remarkable increase is noted in Cash for Supply Work; not only have the 
askings for Special Interests of the Guild been met, but gifts have also been sent 
to other projects of the Woman's Division. Total Cash for Supply Work according 
to reports was §75,781.16. The giving on appropriations has shown the greatest 
increase — grand total, $667,553.58. Impressive pledge services and presentations of 
Life Memberships were made a special feature on the program for Annual Week- 
ends in jurisdictions and conferences. The increased number in study classes and 
number of credits given are indicative of the interest and desire to be better informed 
members. 

The marked increased in attendance at summer Schools of Missions is gratifj'ing. 
Reports reveal 1,013 attended jurisdiction and conference schools. 

Guild Weekends have shown an increase in each jurisdiction. Many conferences 
have two each year and a larger number were held in districts than during the 
previous year. Programs were well planned, including the presentation of approved 
studies, addresses by missionaries and deaconesses, workshops and training periods, 
impressive morning watch and vesper services, centered around the theme used in all 
summer schools, "Crown Our Good With Brotherhood." 

Coaching conferences held in jurisdictions, conferences, and districts gave needed 
guidance for better-trained leadership. 

"Tours With a Mission" have been made, visiting Woman's Division institutions; 
others are being planned. 

Special emphasis has been given recruitment and, as a result, a number of 
candidates for missionary service have come from among the Guild members. 

We continue to rejoice in the great strides made in Christian Social Relations, 
especially along interracial lines through study of the United Nations, the Declaration 
of Human Rights, and the Charter of Racial Policies. Guild members have taken 
the initiative in many instances to correct injustices and work for the things that 
make for peace. 

While we rejoice in the great yield of fruits of discipleship for the year, we 
accept it as a challenge, a responsibility, and an opportunity given by the Guild 
to take one's place as an active Christian — an evangelist and a witness. We see signs 
of hope for a greater harvest of fruits during the coming year. 



210 Woman's Division of Christian Service 



Memorials 

Virginia Elizabeth Alexander 

Miss Virginia Elizabeth Alexander was born in Stanhope, Prince Edward 
Island, Canada, on INIay 7, 1S70, and died January 8, 1955, at Edmonton, 
Alberta, Canada. 

Miss Alexander was first appointed to missionary work in Sapporo, Japan, 
in 1902. She served in evangelistic work there and then went to Hirosaki, where 
she taught in the girls' school which later became Hirosaki Jo Gakuin. 

After a furlough, Miss Alexander was appointed again to evangelistic work 
in Hokkaido with residence in Sapporo. In 1936 she returned to Canada where 
she lived in semiretirement. 

Katherine A. Blackburn 

Miss Katherine A. Blackburn passed away at the Chelsea Methodist Home, 
Chelsea, Michigan, on Alarch 6, 1955. She was eighty-nine years of age. Miss 
Blackburn was consecrated a deaconess in 1895 following her two-j'ear training 
period in the Detroit Deaconess Home. She served in the Detroit Conference until 
1933 when she retired. 

Elizabeth Boardinan 

]\Iiss Elizabeth Boardman was graduated from the Lucy Webb Hayes National 
Training School for Deaconesses, Washington, D. C, in 1903. She spent her 
active years of service in the North-East Ohio and Southern California Con- 
ferences and was retired in 1932. Miss Boardman passed away October 19, 
1954, at Bancroft-Taj'lor Rest Home, Ocean Grove, New Jersey. 

Eunice Isabella Britt 

Miss Eunice Isabella Britt, field worker for Kansas City National Training 
School (now National College for Christian Workers), Kansas City, Missouri, 
for twenty-nine years, passed away at Bethany ]*kIethodist HosiDital, Kansas 
City, Kansas, May 22, 1954. Miss Britt was graduated from the Training School 
in 1905 and received her A.B. degree from Central Wesleyan College. She did 
graduate study at Boston University School of Theology and at Hartford School 
of Religious Education. Miss Britt served in Bridgeport and Cincinnati, Ohio, 
as well as in Chicago and Philadelphia. She completed her active service at 
Fifth Street Community Center, Philadelphia, in 1950, when she was retired 
after having served forty-five j'ears as a deaconess. 

Cora A. Cole 

Miss Cora A. Cole ched on May 12, 1955, as a result of a stroke at Robincroft 
Rest Home, Pasadena, California, where she resided. ]\Iiss Cole was graduated from 
the Kansas City National Training School, Kansas City, Missouri, in 1913, and was 
consecrated in the Detroit Conference in 1914. The greater part of her thirty-five 
years of active service was spent in parish work. In 1941 Miss Cole became superin- 
tendent of the Deaconess Home in Portland, Oregon (now closed). She served the 
Baltimore Deaconess Home and Esther Hall, Salt Lake City, Utah, in the same 
capacity. Miss Cole was a member of the staff of Robincroft Rest Home before her 
retirement in 1950. 



Memorials 211 



Stella Corbiii 



^liss Stella Corbin, a graduate of the Kansas City Deaconess Training 
School (now National College for Christian Workers) and The Methodist Hos- 
pital of Southern California, passed away May 10, 1949. Miss Corbin was on 
the staff of the MethocUst Sanatorium, Albuquerque, New Mexico, for seven years. 

Joan Dai-'is 

Miss Joan Davis was born near Fayette, Iowa. She studied in the Upper 
Iowa University, and later in the Chicago Training School, going from there 
to Bombay, India. She served in the English-speaking Methodist churches in 
Bombay, Rangoon, and Lucknow. 

During the nineteen years of Miss Davis' retirement, she lived at Thoburn 
Terrace, Alhambra, California, serving for some time as the librarian of the 
First Methodist Church. On July 4, 1954, at the age of eighty-eight, she had 
a fatal heart attack. 

Viola Rider Fry 

Miss Viola Rider Fry, a guest at the Methodist Home, Tyrone, Penn- 
sylvania, since 193(3, passed away at the age of eightj'-nine years on April 8, 1955. 
Miss Fry was graduated from the Episcopal Hospital School of Nursing in 
Philadelphia in 1S93, and was consecrated a deaconess in 1907. In addition to her 
nursing career, Miss Fry served Simpson Methodist Episcopal Church, Altoona, 
Pennsylvania, as pastor's assistant and as a Travelers' Aid Worker in Central 
Station, Cincinnati. She was retired in 1921. 

Mary J. Harrison 

Miss Mary J. Harrison, after graduating from the former Kansas City 
National Training School, Kansas City, Missouri, in 1911, was a deaconess- 
l)arish worker for thirty-seven years in Michigan, Colorado, Ohio, and Kansas. 
Miss Harrison served Grace Church, Denver, for a long period while a member 
of the Margaret Evans Deaconess Home. Before retiring in 1951, she also served 
in Leavenworth, Kansas. Miss Harrison passed away on July 25, 1954. 

Anna May Harrod 

Born June 28, 1889, in Hoagland, Indiana, Miss Anna ]\Iay Harrod, retired 
missionary to India, went to her Heavenly Home on September 22, 1954. 

A graduate of Wittenburg College in 1918, Miss Harrod sailed to India in 
December, 1919, under the Northwestern Branch of the Woman's Foreign Mis- 
sionary Society. She served in the Hyderabad Conference, doing evangelistic 
and educational work at Bidar, Tandur, and Zaheerabad. She was retired on 
July 1, 1954, after returning to the United States in 1951. 

Kate E. Hart 

Miss Kate E. Hart, a retired deaconess, passed away on May 19, 1955, at 
Bancroft-Taylor Rest Home, Ocean Grove, New Jersey. She was graduated from 
the New York Deaconess Training School in 1905. Miss Hart served as a parish 
deaconess in New York City, as assistant superintendent at the Methodist 
Rest Home, Cannondale, Connecticut, and at the New York Deaconess Home, 
under the New York Deaconess Association. After thirt.v-six years of active 
service, she retired in 1936 and went to Bancroft-Tavlor Rest Home in 1941. 



212 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Rose Hill 

Miss Rose Hill, a deaconess in active service, passed away at Christ Hospital, 
Cincinnati, on October 11, 1954. Miss Hill was graduated from the Cincinnati 
Missionary Training School in 1923. She spent her years of service in the Elizabeth 
Gamble Deaconess Home and the Christ Hospital. 

Elizabeth Hutcherson 

Miss Ehzabeth Hutcherson was graduated from Central Wesleyan College, 
Warrenton, Missouri, in 1920. She began teaching at Dorcas Institute, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, in 1926. In 1934, Miss Hutcherson became head of the occupa- 
tional therapy department of Bethesda Hospital, Cincinnati, and was serving 
in that capacity when she became ill. Deaconess Hutcherson passed away at 
Bethesda Hospital on March 24, 1955. 

Nettie Judd 

Miss Nettie Judd was born January 9, 1873, at Hamilton, Missouri, and 
passed away February 24, 1955, in the Methodist Home in Topeka, Kansas, 
which she had entered in 1945. 

Miss Judd was graduated from the National Training School for Christian 
Workers (now the National College) in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1919 and went 
to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where she served as a deaconess in the Settlement 
House and in a parish. Later she returned to Kansas City and was librarian at the 
National Training School for eight and a half years. 

Ada Marie Kennard 

Miss Ada Marie Kennard was born in Carey, Ohio, in 1887. She received 
her A.B. from Redlands University, and also attended the University of Southern 
California and the Chicago Training School. For one year she served as Girls' 
Matron in Sherman Institute for American Indians. In 1924 Miss Kennard 
sailed for India, where she nurtured "Wellesley" Girls' High School in Naini Tal 
through twenty-five years of successful growth. She passed away in CaUfornia 
on July 22, 1954. 

Katherine M. Kinzly 

Miss Katherine M. Kinzly was born January 28, 1883, in Lockport, New 
York. In 1907 she sailed for India under the New York Branch of the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society, and for sixteen years was engaged in evangeUstic 
work in the Lee Memorial Mission in Calcutta. She then was appointed to 
Bolpur to train Indian women to work in the zenanas. From Bolpur she returned 
to Calcutta for evangelistic work, and in 1942 served as vice-principal of the 
Lee Memorial Girls' School. When the war emergency made it advisable to remove 
the girls to Pakur, she went with them. 

In 1946 Miss Kinzly returned to her homeland and retired in 1948, having 
given 40 years of service. She entered into Life Eternal on August 31, 1954. 

Mary J. Kistler 

Miss Mary J. Kistler was graduated from the New York Deaconess Training 
School, New York City, in 1909. She began her deaconess work as a student in 1908 
as parish visitor in Beekman Hill Methodist Church, New York City, and was 
consecrated in the New York East Conference in 1910. Miss Kistler served as parish 
visitor at St. James Methodist Episcopal Church from 1913 to 1940, when she became 
assistant superintendent of the New York Deaconess Home. In January, 1945, she 
was retired and went to Bancroft-Taylor Home, Ocean Grove, New Jersey. Miss 
Kistler passed away in the Methodist Hospital, on April 18, 1955. 



Memorials 213 

Nina B. McCosh 

Miss Nina B. McCosh, a retired deaconess, passed away in October, 1954. 
She had resided in Colorado Springs, Colorado, since 1925 for health reasons. 
Miss McCosh was consecrated as a deaconess, in 1914. She did evangelistic work 
in Manhattan District, Kansas; Travelers' Aid Work in Washington, D. C, and 
Sioux City, Iowa; and served as assistant superintendent at the Denver Deaconess 
Home, Denver, Colorado. 

Bertha L. McCreight 

Miss Bertha L. McCreight passed away at her home in San Jose, California, on 
April 7, 1955, at the age of eighty-one years. Miss McCreight completed her dea- 
coness training at the Kansas City National Training School in 1920. She served for 
three years in the Erie and Troy Conferences and for eight years in the California 
Conference. 

Lena E. Moffett 

Miss Lena E. Moffett, a retired deaconess who resided at Bancroft-Taylor 
Rest Home, Ocean Grove, New Jersey, died in the Glennwood Sanitarium, Trenton, 
New Jersey, March 17, 1955. 

Miss Moffett was graduated from the Kansas City National Training School, 
Kansas City, Missouri, in 1911 and served as a parish deaconess in Barre, Vermont, 
Oklahoma City and Picher, Oklahoma, and Cleveland, Ohio. She was ordained 
as an elder in The Methodist Church in 1939 and served in a ministerial capacity 
in the Dakota Conference for twelve years before retiring in 1947. 

Jeanette Oldfather 

Miss Jeanette Oldfather was born on March 26, 1892, at Brandon, Iowa. 
She received her A.B. degree from Cornell College in 1919 and later studied 
at the Iowa State Teachers' College. In 1946 while on furlough she received 
her M.A. degree from Scarritt College. 

Miss Oldfather sailed for Korea in 1923, and served in the Chemulpo City 
school and kindergartens and the Konju Vocational High School. In 1940, because 
of war conditions, she was transferred to the Methodist Middle School at Twante 
in Burma. After only one year she was forced to seek refuge in India where she 
remained until 1945, teaching at the Methodist Girls' School at Meerut. After 
furlough she returned to Burma where she taught at the Kingswood School in 
Kalaw. On September 19, 1953, she arrived in the United States and died on 
November 25, 1954. 

Lillian Parker 

Miss Lillian Parker was consecrated as a deaconess in 1914 following her 
graduation from the Scarritt Bible and Training School then located in Kansas 
City, Missouri. She served in various projects under the Woman's Missionary 
Council until 1927, and was retired for health reasons in 1929. Miss Parker passed 
away November 9, 1954, in Palestine, Texas. 

Jessie Irene Peters 

Miss Jessie Irene Peters was born on June 22, 1879, in Cuba, Illinois. She 
received her B.S. degree in 1903 from Northwestern University. 

Immediately after graduation. Miss Peters went to India under the North- 
western Branch of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, and served in 
Muzaffarpur, Moradabad, and Almora. While on furlough in 1925 she earned her 
M.A. degree from Columbia University. Her last appointment was as district 
evangehst in Bijnor where she served until 1938. Miss Peters died on September 
8, 1954. 



214 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Mildred L. Pierce 

Miss Mildred L. Pierce, who was born in Alonticello, Iowa, in 1898, passed 
into the Greater Life on Julj^ 15, 1954, at Willard, New York. Holding degrees 
from Cornell College, National College of Education, and the University of 
New Mexico, she sailed for India in 1922. Her first three terms were spent in 
work among the Santals in Pakur, Bengal Conference, where she organized and 
built the Santal Middle School, now known as Jidato High School. Miss Pierce 
had two Indian languages at her command, and organized the work on adult 
literacy in her territory. During her last term she was on the staff of Isabella 
Thoburn College. 

Henrietta Perry Robbins 

Miss Henrietta Perry Robbins died February 10, 1955, in Freehold, New 
Jersey, at the age of eighty-three. She was born in Northport, Long Island, New 
York, on October 27, 1871, and attended school there. Later she was graduated 
from the Union Missionary Institute in Brooklyn, New York. 

She sailed for the field on October 7, 1902, and was appointed to Pyeng 
Yang, Korea, where she served in educational and evangelistic work until her 
retirement in 1937. Miss Robbins graduated the first class of girls from any 
school in Korea, the day school in Pyeng Yang. Later her work resulted in the 
opening of the New Jersey Conference Training School, which graduated Bible 
women. 

Ruby Sia 

Aliss Ruby Sia was born in Foochow, China, in 1884 and died in Shanghai, 
January 24, 1955. She was one of the few Chinese women to be commissioned 
by the Woman's Foreign Missionary Societ}^, having been appointed in 1904 and 
serving until her retirement in 1950. 

From her boarding school days in Foochow to the bestowal of her Ph.D. 
degree from Cornell College, Iowa, and postgraduate work at Teachers' College, 
Columbia University, she worked to wipe out superstitions that have halted the 
advancement of China. For fifteen years Miss Sia taught at Hwa Nan College, 
and for nineteen years she was in charge of the rural schools of Foochow district. 
She was president of the Foochow Board of Education, a member of the National 
Board of Christian Education, a delegate several times to the East Asia Central 
Conference and twice to General Conference. Her influence was felt also in the 
YWCA. 

Alverta E. Simpson 

Miss Alverta E. Simp.son, a retired deaconess who resided at Robincroft Rest 
Home, Pasadena, California, passed away February 13, 1955, at the age of eighty- 
three. She was graduated from the Chicago Training School in 1908 and re- 
tired in 1935. Her fields of service included St. Paul's Church, Lincoln, Nebraska, 
where she was pastor's assistant during the years of 1907-1910 and 1923-1935. 

Mary Stone 

Dr. Mary Stone, the first Chinese woman to obtain a medical doctorate in 
the United States, died December 29, 1954, at her home in Pasadena, California, 
at the age of eighty-two. 

Dr. Stone received her degree at the University of Michigan in 1896. 
She returned to China the same j'ear to found the Women's Hospital at Kiu- 
kiang, under the auspices of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. For twenty- 
five years she headed this hospital, personally training more than 500 Chinese 
nurses. In 1920, with the help of American friends, she founded the Bethel Mission 
of Shanghai. 



Memorials 215 

Lillian May Shattuck Stvearer 

Mr^. Lillian May Shattuck Swearer was born in Erievillp, New York, on 
January 11, 1S72, and passed away in Glendale, California, May lo, 19oo. 

She was graduated from Cortland Normal School and taught in New York 
State until her marriage to Wilbur Swearer, a mistjionary. She went with him 
to Korea, where they worked together until his death. In 1017 she was commissioned 
as a missionary by the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society and returned to Korea 
where she was appointed to the Kongju Girls' School and Chunan District Evan- 
gelistic Work and Day Schools. In addition she assisted in the Kongju District 
Bible classes, often traveling on horseback. 

After her retirement in 1937, she served for seven years as a visitor in 
the Fullerton iNIethodist Church, California, before moving to Glendale. 

Mary Monnett Thomas 

Miss Mary iSIonnett Thomas of Cincinnati, Ohio, passed away on February 7, 
1955. She was born in 1868, the daughter of a Methodist minister. 

After Miss Thomas had spent several years as a primary teacher, she sailed 
to China in 1904 under the Cincinnati Branch of the Woman's Foreign Mis- 
sionary Society, and until 1907 served in Fukien. Miss Thomas spent three years 
in Japan teaching in Kwassui Jo Gakko in Nagasaki, after which she returned 
to China, and in 1915 was appointed principal of the Bible Woman's Training 
School at Sienyu, Fukien. Because of health reasons she did not go back to China 
after her furlough in 1927, but spent much time during the next few years 
itinerating for the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 

In 1933 she entered the Bethesda Home in Cincinnati. 

Lucile R. Van Ness 

Miss Lucile R. Van Ness, a retired deaconess who resided at the Methodist 
Home in Cincinnati, Ohio, passed away August 3, 1954. Miss Van Ness was 
graduated from the New York Deaconess Training School in 1907 and served as 
parish visitor in Chicago, Illinois, and in several cities in the state of Oregon. 
She was retired in 1933. 

Lillian B. Watkins 

j\Iiss Lillian B. Watkins, a retired deaconess residing at the Methodist Old 
People's Home, Chicago, who passed away INIay 20, 1954, was graduated from 
the Chicago Training School in 1908. Miss Watkins spent the greater part of her 
thirty-seven j^ears of service in the New England, New England Southern, and 
Rock River Conferences. She was parish visitor at Mathewson Street Church, 
Providence, Rhode Island, 1912-1919 and 1934-1941. Miss W^atkins also served 
as field secretary for the Chicago Training School, 1920-1926. 



CHARTER 

WOMAN'S DIVISION OF CHRISTIAN SERVICE 

OF THE BOARD OF MISSIONS OF THE METHODIST CHURCH 
LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK— CHAPTER 112 

AN ACT to amend chapter ninety-nine of the laws of nineteen hundred forty- two, 
entitled "An act to facilitate the unification and integration of the missionary 
organizations and societies of The Methodist Church and for that purpose to 
incorporate Woman's Division of Christian Service of the Board of Missions and 
Church Extension of The Methodist Church," in relation to changing the corporate 
name of "Woman's Division of Christian Service of the Board of Missions and 
Church Extension of The Methodist Church" to "Woman's Division of Christian 
Service of the Board of Missions of The Methodist Church," and continuing such 
corporation in all of its privileges and powers. 

Became a law March 17, 1953, with the approval of the Governor. 

Section 1. Chapter ninety-nine of the laws of nineteen hundred forty-two, entitled 
"An act to facilitate the unification and integration of the missionary organizations 
and societies of The Methodist Church and for that purpose to incorporate Woman's 
Division of Christian Service of the Board of Missions and Church Extension of The 
Methodist Church," is hereby amended to read as follows: 

§ 1. All persons associated, or who may become associated, together in a body 
corporate under the name and style of "Woman's Division of Christian Service of the 
Board of Missions and Church Extension of The Methodist Church," are hereby 
continued as a body corporate by the name of "Womans Division of Christian Service 
of the Board of Missions of The Methodist Church." Any and all powers which said 
corporation has heretofore possessed and any and all property which said cor- 
poration may have heretofore purchased or otherwise acquired and any legacy, 
devise, grant, gift, bequest, transfer or subscription, heretofore or hereafter made or 
given to said corporation in or by any of the names by which it has been known 
previous to the passage of this act shall be vested in and owned by the said corporation 
under the name provided in this section as amended by this act. 

§2. The objects of said corporation are religious, philanthropic and educational, 
designed to diffuse more generally the blessings of Christianity and education in every 
part of the world and to promote and support Christian missions, missionary schools 
and all phases of religious activity at home and abroad; to develop and maintain 
Christian work among women and children at home and abroad; to cultivate Christian 
family life ; to enlist and organize the efforts of Christian women, young people, and 
children in behalf of native and foreign groups, needy childhood, and community wel- 
fare; to assist in the promotion of a missionary spirit throughout the church; to select, 
train, and maintain Christian workers; to cooperate with the local church in its 
responsibilities, and to seek fellowship with Christian women of this and other lands 
in establishing a Christian social order around the world. 

It may conduct and carry on its work directly as well as through corporate or 
other agencies of The Methodist Church now existing or hereafter established, including 
all agencies and corporations of the Methodist Episcopal Church, the Methodist 

216 



Charter 217 

Episcopal Church, South, and the Methodist Protestant Church, which arc now united 
in The Methodist Church, and through such denominational, interdenominational, or 
other agencies as it may determine. 

Said corporation shall be under the direction and control of the General Confer- 
ence of The Methodist Church. 

§ 3. The management and disposition of the affairs and property of said corporation 
shall be vested in its members who shall collectively constitute its Board of Managers. 
The Board of Managers may delegate its power and authority to an executive com- 
mittee. The number of its members, qualifications for membership, method of choosing 
members, number and qualifications of members to serve on the executive committee 
and the method of choosing such committee shall be as heretofore, or as from time 
to time hereafter, prescribed by the General Conference of The Methodist Church. 
The managers and executive committee appointed as prescribed by said General 
Conference at its last previous session shall be entitled to act as such from and after 
the time this act shall take effect, until successors, chosen as prescribed by the General 
Conference, shall assume their duties. 

§ 4. Said corporation shall have perpetual succession, may adopt a common seal 
and alter the same at pleasure, may sue and be sued, naay acquire property for 
corporate purposes by grant, gift, purchase, devise or bequest, and hold or dispose of 
the same subject to such limitations as may be prescribed by law, may sell, transfer, 
lease, mortgage or otherwise dispose of such property, whether held in trust or other- 
wise, without obtaining leave of any court, may borrow money and secure the same 
by mortgage or otherwise, shall be competent to act as trustee in respect to any gift, 
devise or bequest pertaining to the objects of the corporation, may accept contributions 
to its funds subject to annuity, and may make such by-laws and rules for the manage- 
ment of its affairs as may be consistent with law and with its constitution which shall 
be adopted and may be altered from time to time by or under the authority of the 
General Conference of The Methodist Church, and shall have all the general powers 
and privileges of a corporation organized under the corporation laws of the state of 
New York. 

§ 5. Said corporation is organized exclusively for charitable, religious and educa- 
tional purposes and not for profit. None of its members, executive committee or 
officers shall have any share or interest in its assets or earnings; no shares of stock shall 
be issued and no part of its net earnings shall inure to the benefit of any private 
individual and no part of its activities shall be attempting in any way to influence 
legislation. 

§6. In the judgment of the legislature the objects of this corporation cannot be 
attained under general laws, and the provisions of this act shall be liberally construed 
with a view to effecting its objects and promoting its purposes. 

§ 7. This act shall take effect immediately. 



The Constitution of the Board of Missions 

All references are to the Discipline of 1952 
Extracts Relating to the Woman's Division of Christian Service 

11 1171. Article 3. — Board of Managers. The management and disposition of the 
affairs of the board, the making and administration of appropriations, and all other 
activities shall be vested in a Board of Managers. 

111172. The Board of Managers shall be composed as follows: 

1. Eighteen effective bishops of The Methodist Church resident in the United 
States, elected by the Council of Bishops; and in addition six bishops serving overseas, 
designated by the Council of Bishops, who shall have the status of members of the 
board in meetings which they may be able to attend, subject to such travel regulations 
as are provided in the Discipline for overseas bishops. 

2. Members elected quadrennially by the Jurisdictional Conferences as follows: 
one minister and three lay members, two of whom shall be women, from each juris- 
diction for each 600,000 members, or major fraction thereof, in the jurisdiction, and 
in addition one youth under twenty-one years of age from each jurisdiction; provided 
that no jurisdiction, in addition to the bishops, shall have fewer than two ministers 
and six lay members, four of whom shall be women and two men, and in addition one 
youth member under twenty-one years of age. In nominating and electing such mem- 
bers, the Jurisdictional Conference shall have as a basis of choice the following: (a) 
one minister and one layman designated by each Annual Conference of the jurisdiction, 
on nomination of its Conference Board of Missions; (b) six additional names nominated 
by the College of Bishops of the jurisdiction; (c) twice the necessary number of lay- 
women, designated by the Jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service from three 
members nominated by each Conference Woman's Society of the jurisdiction; (d) one 
youth nominated by the youth organization of each Annual Conference in the juris- 
diction. Vacancies among these members shall be filled by the bishops of the jurisdiction 
in which the vacancies occur ad interim, having regard to the various classifications of 
members. 

3. Twenty-seven laymen, at least four from each jurisdiction, elected quadrennially 
by the board on nomination of the Council of Bishops, to serve as members at large 
of the board, and to be assigned as equally as possible to the Divisions of World 
Missions and of National Missions. 

4. Twelve women, two from each jurisdiction, elected quadrennially by the board 
on nomination of the Woman's Division of Christian Service, to serve as members at 
large of the board and this division. 

5. The chairman of the Commission on Missions and World Friendship of the 
National Conference of Methodist Youth. 

111173. The term of office of all members of the Board of Managers whose election 
is provided for in H 1172 shall begin, and the Board of Managers shall organize, at a 
meeting to be held within ninety days after the adjournment of the last meeting of 
the several Jurisdictional Conferences held after the adjournment of the General Con- 
ference. 

If 1174. The Board of Managers shall elect quadrennially a president, who shall 
be the presiding officer, four vice-presidents, a recording secretary, and such other 
officers as it may need. Their duties shall be those usually performed by such 
officers. The board may also elect annually such committees as may be necessary 
to carry on its business. 

111175. The board shall elect quadrennially, upon nomination of the respective 
divisions, a general executive committee of thirty-eight members; nine from the 
Division of World Missions, two of whom shall be women; nine from the Division of 
National MissionSj two of whom shall be women; nine women from the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service; ten, five women and five men, from the Joint Section 
of Education and Cultivation; and the president of the board, who shall be chairmsji 
A majority of the members shall constitute a quorum. This general executive committee 
shall exercise the powers of the board ad interim. 

218 



Constitution 219 

^ 1176. Abticle 4. Duties. — The duties of the board shall be: 

1. To have the general oversight of the missionary and church-extension program 
of The Methodist Church, with special reference to its development and expansion. 

2. To determine the broad lines of policy and program and, through the respective 
divisions, to carry out the program. 

3. To safeguard for each division the fullest measure of autonomy consistent with 
presenting a united front and a mutually supporting program. 

4. To foster, as between the respective divisions, united fellowship, planning, and 
action. 

6. Upon recommendation of the divisions, to determine fields to be occupied and 
the nature of the work to be undertaken; to secure, appropriate, and expend money 
for the support of all work under its care; to build and maintain churches, hospitals, 
homes, schools, parsonages, and other institutions of Christian service; and to enlist, 
train, and support the workers. 

6. To elect, on nomination of the divisions, the executive officers of the respective 
divisions. 

7. To receive and properly administer all properties and trust funds coming into 
the possession of the board as a board for missionary or other purposes, except as 
heremafter provided. 

8. To assist in the organization of and in the maintenance of cooperative relations 
with the boards, committees, and other agencies of the General Conference; also with 
the Jurisdictional, Central, and Annual Conference boards, committees, and agencies; 

likewise with interdenominational and other missionary agencies in the home and for- 
eign fields. 

9. To make a report of its activities during the quadrennium to the General Con- 
ference and the Jurisdictional Conferences. 

H 1177. The board shall provide for the correlation and harmonization of the 
work of its various divisions, departments, and bureaus. It shall do any and all things 
consistent with its constitution and charter to accomplish the purpose of The Methodist 
Church in establishing missionary and church-extension work in home and foreign fields. 

111178. Article 5. Divisions. — 1. The board shall conduct its activities through 
three administrative divisions — namely, a Division of World Missions, a Division of 
National Missions, and a Woman's Division of Christian Service — and a Joint Section 
of Education and Cultivation. 

2. In constituting the membership of its divisions the board may elect to the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service a number of members from the Divisions of 
World Missions and of National Missions not to exceed the number of members which 
the Woman's Division of Christian Service has on the Divisions of World Missions 
and of National Missions. 

111179. Article 6. Executive Secretaries. — 1. The board shall elect quadrennially 
one or more executive secretaries for each of the three administrative divisions, and two 
(one man and one woman) for the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation, with 
such assistants as the needs of the work may require. Said secretaries shall be nomi- 
nated by their respective divisions, and shall be elected by the board. 

2. The executive secretaries shall be subject to the direction of the board and of 
their respective divisions. Upon the recommendation of the divisions their salaries 
shall be fixed and paid as the board may determine. They shall be employed exclusively 
in the work of the board, promoting its activities as the board may approve. 

3. One executive secretary from the Division of World Missions, two executive 
secretaries from the Division of National Missions, three executive secretaries from 
the Woman's Division of Christian Service, and two executive secretaries from the 
Joint Section of Education and Cultivation shall meet with the board with the 
privilege of the floor, but without vote. 

H 1180. 1. The board shall elect editors, men and women, of its periodicals and 
literature in the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation on nomination of the 
section. They shall be subject to the direction of the board and of the section. 

2. The board shall also elect such associate or assistant secretaries, treasurers, 



220 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

superintendents of departments, and other officers, on nomination of the respective 
divisions and sections concerned, as the board may require. 

111181. All officers, whether elected quadrennially or annually, shall retire upon 
reaching the retirement age fixed by the board's pension plan. 

H 1182. Article 7. Teeasubers. — The board shall elect quadrennially one of the 
divisions' treasurers as the treasurer of the board. He shall receive and handle 
general funds of the board not belonging to any one division and shall act as the 
legal financial representative of the board in matters affecting the board as a whole. 
It may also elect one or more assistant treasurers. 

If 1183. The treasurer of the board and the treasurers of the divisions shall be 
responsible for receiving the funds of the board and the respective divisions, holding 
the same in a safe depository and disbursing them according to the regulations of 
the board or the respective divisions upon proper order. The board upon recom- 
mendations of the divisions, shall designate depositories for their funds. The treas- 
urers shall also be charged with the responsibility of receiving and holding all trust 
funds, endowments, and securities of the board and the respective divisions and 
properly disbursing the returns therefrom according to the regulations of the board 
and the respective divisions, and shall further be responsible, under the direction of 
finance committees, for the investing of said trust funds, endowments, and other 
permanent funds, excepting such funds as shall be available for loans to churches to be 
administered by the secretary of church extension. 

Extracts Relating to the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation 

If 1268. The Joint Section of Education and Cultivation shall be composed of six 
bishops, one from each jurisdiction; six men and two women from the Division of 
World Missions, elected by the division; six men and two women from the Division 
of National Missions, elected by that division; eight women from the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service, elected by that division, one of whom shall be the president of 
the division. In all these selections there must be due regard to equitable repre- 
sentation from the jurisdictions. This section shall undergird with education and culti- 
vation the total program of the board. 

IF 1269. The section shall edit, publish, sell, and circulate books, literature, and 
periodicals for the work of the board and shall be responsible for editing and preparing 
the same. It shall cooperate with the Board of Education and all agencies of The 
Methodist Church and with interdenominational agencies in the preparation and dis- 
tribution of missionary literature. 

IT 1270. The section shall promote missionary councils, conventions, institutes, an 
Annual Week of Prayer, and other meetings throughout the church for the purpose 
of developing a missionary spirit, spreading missionary information, and acquainting 
the church with the plans and policies of the board. The section shall seek the co- 
operation of Jurisdictional and Annual Conferences, district superintendents, pastors, 
missionary societies, and other agencies of the church. 

If 1271. The section shall have charge of all plans for cultivating missionary giving, 
and for promoting the missionary program of the church; provided, however, that all 
such plans shall be subject to and in harmony with the general financial system of 
The Methodist Church as adopted by the General Conference. 

II 1272. The section shall cooperate with the Interboard Committee on Missionary 
Education. 

If 1273. The section shall also cooperate with theological seminaries and de- 
partments of missions in the conduct of missionary institutes in such institutions, and 
shall develop other plans for affording missionary information and inspiration to 
students. 

H 1274. 2. The woman secretaries and woman editors of the joint section shall carry 
out the plans and policies of the Woman's Division of Christian Service for the various 
age groups, including the promotion of organizations for women in local churches, dis- 
tricts, conferences, and jurisdictions; in providing missionary education for children, 
youth, students, and women; in creating, editing, and publishing such periodicals. 



Constitution 221 

books, and leaflets as the work may necessitate. This section shall cooperate in all 
plans necessary for the efficiency of the Woman's Societies of Christian Service in the 
jurisdictions, conferences, districts, and local churches. 

1 1275. The section shall elect quadreimially a president, one or more vice- 
presidents, and a recording secretary. The section shall also nominate for election by 
the board two executive secretaries (one man and one woman), other secretaries, a 
treasurer who shall be the secretary in charge of one of the departments of the joint 
section, and such other officers as the section may determine. Vacancies shall be filled 
by the board on nomination of the section. The section shall determine the powers 
and duties of its officers and staff and shall recommend the remuneration of its em- 
ployed officers and workers. 

H 1276. There shall be an annual meeting of the section, and it may meet at such 
other times as the chairman may designate. 

H 1277. The funds for the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation shall he ap- 
propriated by the board. 

Extracts Relating to Cooperation With Other Boards and Agencies 

A. Joint Committee on Religious Education in Foreign Fields 

^ 1283. For the purpose of more effectively promoting religious education out- 
side the United States there shall be a Joint Committee on Religious Education in 
Foreign Fields, composed of twenty-eight members. Fourteen shall be from the 
Board of Education as follows: four members of the board; the executive secretary 
and seven additional staff members elected by the Division of the Local Church; and 
the executive secretary and one additional staff member elected by the Editorial 
Division. Fourteen shall be from the Board of Missions as follows: four members of 
the board, two elected by the Division of World Missions, and two by the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service; five secretaries elected by the Division of World Missions; 
and five secretaries of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

II 1284. There may be an executive secretary of the Joint Committee who shall 
be secretary of the Board of Missions for religious education in countries outside the 
United States. The secretary shall be elected by the Board of Missions upon nomination 
of the Joint Committee. 

f 1285. 1. The Joint Committee shall meet annually, and at such other times as the 
committee itself shall determine, and shall report its actions to the Boards of Educa- 
tion and of Missions at their annual meetings. 

2. The committee shall have a budget for its work provided by the two boards. 
The major responsibility for the budget rests upon the Board of Missions, supplemented 
by support from the Board of Education, in which the Methodist Youth Fund shall 
have a part. 

B. Interboard Committee on Missionary Education 

H 1286. For the purpose of promoting effective cooperation between the Board 
of Missions and the Board of Education in missionary education there shall be an 
Interboard Committee on Missionary Education composed of the executive secretary 
of the Division of the Local Church, the executive secretary of the Editorial Division, 
and the executive secretary of the Division of Educational Institutions of the Board 
of Education; and five other persons to be appointed by that board; and an equal 
number from the Board of Missions, which shall include the following: two secretaries 
from the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation, two secretaries from the Division 
of World Missions, two from the Division of National Missions, and two from the Wom- 
an's Division of Christian Service. The committee shall provide for age-group subcom- 
mittees and such other subcommittees as may be needed. This committee and its 
subcommittees shall be advisory and creative in character. The promotion of plans 
and materials created by this committee shall be a responsibility of the Board of 
Education and of the Board of Missions. 

111287. The duties of this committee shall be: (a) To develop a unified program 
of missionary education for all age groups in the local church and in the colleges, 



222 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

universities, and theological seminaries; (b) to cooperate with the Curriculum Com- 
mittee of the Board of Education in providing missionary information for churoh- 
Bchool literature and in the planning and preparation of curricular materials on missions; 

(c) to cooperate in the publication of books for missionary education in the church; 

(d) to develop cooperative plans for the missionary education and missionary giving 
of children, youth, and adults; and (e) to report annually to the Board of Missions 
and to the Board of Education. The committee shall meet annually, and at such 
other times as the committee itself may determine. 

K 1288. There shall be an executive secretary of the committee, who shall be 
elected by the Board of Education, on nomination of the Interboard Committee 
on Missionary Education, and shall be confirmed by the Board of Missions. He shall 
be the secretary for missionary education of the Board of Education with staff rela- 
tionship to the Division of the Local Church. He shall likewise be the secretary for 
missionary education of the Board of Missions having staff relationship to the Joint 
Section of Education and Cultivation. The committee shall have a budget provided for 
its work by the two boards upon such ratio as they may decide. In missionary education 
the secretary and his departmental workers shall be the representatives equally of 
the Board of Missions and of the Board of Education. During the period between 
the General Conference and the organization of the new Interboard Committee on 
Missionary Education for the coming quadrennium. those members who have served 
on the committee during the past quadrennium shall continue to function until the 
said new committee is organized. 

The Constitution of the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service 

H 1240. Article 1. Organization. — 1. Within the board there shall be a Woman's 
Division of Christian Service, hereinafter called the division, which shall be one of 
the coordinate administrative divisions of the board. 

2. The division shall be incorporated as hereinafter provided. 

3. The division shall be composed of all the women members of the board (S 1172, 
2 and 4), one bishop from each jurisdiction who is a member of the board, and one third 
of the youth members of the board. The Division of World Missions and the Division 
of National Missions may elect not to exceed one third of the men members of their 
divisions, other than bishops, to be members of the division. The division shall hold 
a regular annual meeting and such other meetings as shall be called by the division 
or the executive committee. 

4. The division shall include in its scope the interests and activities formerly pro- 
moted and administered by the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, the Woman's 
Home Missionary Society, the Wesleyan Service Guild, the Ladies' Aid Societies of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church; the types of work and interests included in the Board 
of Missions, Section of Woman's Work, the Woman's Missionary Council, and former 
boards and societies (the Woman's Missionary Society, the Woman's Board of Foreign 
Missions, and the Woman's Board of Home Missions) of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, South; such activities of the Woman's Convention of the Methodist Protestant 
Church as logically fall within the organization; and all deaconess work of the uniting 
churches within the United States. All other organizations of women of similar purpose 
operating in the charges of the uniting churches may come under the scope of this 
division. 

H 1241. Article 2. Authority. — The division shall have authority to make by-laws 
in harmony with the charter and constitution of the board and of its divisions; to 
regulate its own proceedings in harmony with its by-laws; to elect such officers 
as are to be elected by the division, to remove any of them for cause, and to fill 
vacancies among the officers so elected ; to nominate such officers as are to be elected by 
the board, to recommend their removal for cause, and to present nominations to the 
board to fill vacancies; to recommend fields of labor; to accept, train, and maintain 
workers; to buy and sell property; to secure and administer funds for the support of 
all work under its charge; to solicit and accept contributions subject to annuity imder 
the board's regulations; to recommend to the board appropriations for its work; to 



Constitution 223 

organize jurisdiction, conference, district, and local-church societies for adults, youth, 
and children, as auxiliary to the division; and to recommend constitutions and by-laws 
for the same. 

II 1242. Article 3. Purpose. — The purpose of the division shall be to develop 
and maintain Christian work among women and children at home and abroad; to 
cultivate Christian family life; to enlist and organize the efforts of Christian women, 
youth, and children in behalf of native and foreign groups, needy childhood, and 
community welfare; to assist in the promotion of a missionary spirit throughout the 
church; to select, train, and maintain Christian workers; to cooperate with the local 
church in its responsibilities; and to seek fellowship with Christian women of this 
and other lands in establishing a Christian social order around the world. 

H 1243. Article 4. Officers. — The division shall elect quadrennially a president, one 
or more vice-presidents, a treasurer or treasurers, and a recording secretary. Vacancies 
occurring during the quadrennium shall be filled by the division. The division shall 
also nominate for election by the board one or more executive secretaries and such 
other secretaries and superintendents as the need may require. Such other officers 
as the division may need it shall elect. The division shall determine the powers and 
duties of its officers and staff and shall recommend their remuneration. 

H 1249. Article 5. Committees. — 1. The division shall be empowered to create such 
bureaus and committees as the work may demand. There shall be an executive com- 
mittee, a Section of Education and Cultivation, a Committee on Missionary Per- 
sonnel, a Committee on Trust Funds and Investments, a Committee on Finance 
and Estimates. There shall also be a standing Committee on the World Federation 
of Methodist Women. 

2. The cultivation and promotion of the work of the division and its auxiliary 
organizations shall be under the direction of the division ; the plans and policies for the 
same shall be carried out by the woman secretary or secretaries of the Joint Section of 
Education and Cultivation. 

3. The division, working through the Interboard Committee on Missionary Educa- 
tion, is authorized to cooperate in the missionary education for young women, girls, 
and children in accordance with plans to be determined by the Board of Missions and 
tiie Board of Education. 

H 1250. Article 6. Funds. — The funds for the maintenance of the work of the Wom- 
an's Division of Christian Service shall be derived from annual pledges or dues, special 
memberships, devises, bequests, annuities, special offerings, gifts, and monies raised 
by special projects or collected in meetings held in the interest of the work of the 
division ; provided that the funds thus raised shall be appropriated to the work es- 
tablished by the several uniting organizations comprising the Woman's Division, or 
work hereafter to be entered upon by the Woman's Division. All funds, except those 
designated for local purposes, shall be forwarded through the conference treasurers 
of the Woman's Societies of Christian Service to the treasurer of the Woman's Division 
of the board. All undesignated funds shall be allocated by the division upon recom- 
mendation of its Committee on Finance and Estimates on a definite percentage basis 
to the work of the several departments of the division. 

Constitution of the Departments of the Woman's Division 

111244. 1. The division shall be organized into three departments: 

(a) Department of Work in Foreign Fields. 

(b) Department of Work in Home Fields. 

(c) Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities. 

2. There shall be such bureaus, committees, and other organizational units as shall 
best promote its interests. The functions of these, other than hereinafter determined, 
shall be defined by the division. 

3. The division shall elect a chairman for each of the departments, who shall 
be vice-presidents of the division. 

4. There shall be an executive secretary or secretaries in each department. The 
number and duties of such secretaries shall be determined and defined by the diviaion. 



224 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

^ 1245. The Department of Work in Foreign Fields shall administer and promote 
the work of missiona outside the United States of America, including Alaska, Hawaii, 
Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic. 

1. There shall be a standing committee composed of the chairman, the executive 
secretary or secretaries of the Department of Work in Foreign Fields, the secretaries of 
foreign work in the several jurisdictions, and such members of the division as may be 
appomted by the department. 

2. There shall be an Interdivision Committee on Foreign Work. (See Par. 1199, 
Sec. 2.) 

^ 1246. The legislation included under HH 1202-7 applies also to the work 
of the Woman's Division of Christian Service: (a) foreign Field Committees and 
estimates (M 1202-5) ; (b) administration of a Mission (^1206) ; (c) missionaries of 
The Methodist Church serving other churches (O207). 

H 1247. The Department of Work in Home Fields shall administer and promote 
the work of missions within the United States of America, including Alaska, Hawaii, 
Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic. 

1. There shall be a standing committee in this department, composed of the 
chairman of the department, the executive secretary or secretaries of the department, 
the secretaries of home work of the several jurisdictions, and such members of the 
division as may be appointed by the department. 

2. There shall be an Interdivision Committee on Work in Home Fields. (See 
II 1239.) 

3. There shall be a consultative interagency staff committee between the Board of 
Hospitals and Homes and the Department of Work in Home Fields. (H 1521) 

4. There shall be a Committee on Cooperation and Counsel with the Board of 
Education. (111360) 

5. In the Department of Work in Home Fields there shall be a Commission on Dea- 
coness Work. (See If 1252.) 

H 1248. The Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 
shall supervise and promote the work of the division along the lines of community 
service and social relations. 

1. It shall seek to make real and effective the teachings of Jesus as applied to 
individual, group, racial, and world relationships. It shall endeavor to enlist the 
participation of church women in such questions as have a moral or religious sig- 
nificance or an important bearing on public welfare. 

2. It shall seek to inspire in the women of the local church a greater devotion 
to and concern for the total life and work of the local church. 

3. It shall seek to cooperate with other agencies of the church having similar 
purpose, endeavoring to develop Christian fellowship and to deepen concern for the 
total responsibility of the church. 

4. This department shall have a standing committee, composed of the secretaries 
and the chairman of the department, the chairmen of the committees, the juris- 
diction secretaries of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities, and such 
other persons as the division may provide upon recommendation of the department. 

Constitution of the Assembly 

H 1251. There shall be a delegated body termed the Assembly which shall meet 
at such time and place as the division may determine. The purpose of the Assembly 
shall be to promote and deepen interest in the work of the Woman's Division. The 
division shall determine the composition, functions, and power of the Assembly. 

Constitution of the Commission on Deaconess Work 

J 1252. 1. The office of deaconess is hereby authorized in The Methodist Church. 
This office entitles a woman to serve The Methodist Church through any of its agencies 
in any capacity not requiring full clergy rights. 

(a) All deaconess work in the United States and its dependencies shall be under 



Constitution 225 

ths supervision of the Commission on Deaconess Work of the Woman's Division of 
Christian Service. 

(b) All deaconess work outside the United States and its dependencies shall be 
under the supervision of the Central Conferences or Provisional Central Conferences 
concerned, or the Annual Conferences where there is not a Central Conference. 

(c) There shall be an executive secretary who shall be nominated by the commis- 
sion in consultation with the Woman's Division of Christian Service and elected by 
the Board of Missions. 

2. All properties, trust funds, permanent fimds, other special funds, and endow- 
ments now held and administered by or for the several forms of administration of 
deaconess work under the three uniting churches shall be carefully safeguarded and 
administered by the several forms of administration in the interest of those persons 
and causes for which said funds were established. 

3. The commission shall be composed of one bishop chosen by the Council of 
Bishops; four persons from each jurisdiction chosen by the Jurisdiction Deaconess 
Association, two of whom shall be deaconess members of the association, one a minister 
of the jurisdiction, and one the president of the Jurisdiction Woman's Society of Chris- 
tian Service; three representatives of the Woman's Division of Christian Service chosen 
by the division; one representative of the Board of Pensions; one representative of 
the Board of Hospitals and Homes; one representative of the Board of Education; 
the secretary of the Interboard Committee on Christian Vocations; and one personnel 
secretary oi the Board of Missions. The executive secretary of the Commission on 
Deaconess Work shall be a member without vote. 

4. The duties of the commission shall be: 

(a) To recommend to the Joint Committee on Missionary Personnel standards 
and procedures for enlisting and training young women for deaconess work in The 
Methodist Church. 

(b) To establish minimum salary standards for deaconesses. 

(c) To receive and act upon recommendations from Annual Conference Deaconess 
Boards, Jurisdiction Deaconess Associations, and other agencies. 

(d) Other duties in harmony with the constitution may be set forth in the by-laws 
of the commission. 

5. The commission shall meet annually. Its officers shall be elected quadrennially. 

6. There shall be an executive committee. Such other committees may be con- 
stituted as are necessary for carrying out the duties of the commission. 

7. A deaconess shall receive her appointment through the regular channels of the 
Commission on Deaconess Work and the Annual Conference Deaconess Board. 

8. A sabbatical leave for a definite period of time, not exceeding a year, to be 
spent in special study, may be granted with full or part salary upon recommendation 
of the executive secretary of the Commission on Deaconess Work and the Conference 
Deaconess Board. Pension credit shall be granted for such sabbatical leave. All agencies 
employing deaconesses shall be encouraged to make an annual payment into the com- 
mission fund for sabbatical leave. 

9. (a) There shall be a contributory pension plan for all deaconesses commissioned 
on or after July 24, 1940. 

(b) For deaconesses commissioned or consecrated previous to July 1940, former 
agreements are continued, and the administrations with which they were connected 
are responsible for the pensions. 

(c) A deaconess employed by an agency having its own pension plan shall partici- 
pate in that plan during her term of service with that agency. 

10. A deaconess may be granted a leave of absence, not to exceed three years, for 
health reasons, study, or necessary home duties, with the privilege of continuing her 
participation in the pension plan. If an extension of leave is granted by the Commis- 
sdon on Deaconess Work, participation in the pension plan for the additional years 
on leave shall not be permitted. A deaconess on leave of absence shall be a member 
of the Quarterly Conference (! 138) and the Annual Conference Deaconess Board 
where she places her church membership while on leave. 



226 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

11. A deaconess shall surrender her credentials when she is no longer available for 
an appointment in The Methodist Church. 

12. A person may be reinstated as a deaconess upon recommendation of the Annual 
Conference Deaconess Board and the Commission on Deaconess Work and approval of 
the Joint Committee on Missionary Personnel. 

Constitution of the 
Jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service 

H 1255. Article 1. Name. — There shall be in each jurisdiction a Jurisdiction Wom- 
an's Society of Christian Service, auxiliary to the Woman's Division of Christian Service 
of the Board of Missions. This shall include the Wesleyan Service Guild for gainfully 
employed women. 

Article 2. Function or Authority. — Each Jurisdiction Woman's Society shall have 
authority to promote its work in accordance with the program and policy of the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service of the Board of Missions. It shall also recommend to the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service such plans and policies as will make the work 
within the jurisdiction more effective. 

Article 3. Membership. — The Jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service 
shall be cornposed of its oflScers and six delegates from each Conference Woman's 
Society within the jurisdiction, three of whom shall be conference officers; all the 
women members of the Jurisdictional Board of Missions, and any members of the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service living within the jurisdiction; a representative 
of the Jurisdiction Deaconess Association; all the bishops of the jurisdiction; and such 
other persons as the society may determine. 

Article 4. Officers. — Each Jurisdiction Woman's Society shall elect a president, 
one or more vice-presidents, a recording secretary, a treasurer, a secretary of foreign 
work, a secretary of home work, a secretary of Christian social relations and local 
church activities, a secretary of promotion, a secretary of missionary education, a sec- 
retary of Wesleyan Service Guild, a secretary of student work, a secretary of youth 
work, a secretary of children's work, a secretary of literature and publications, a sec- 
retary of supply work, a secretary of spiritual life, a secretary of status of women, and 
a secretary of missionary personnel. Other officers, superintendents, and secretaries may 
be elected and such committees appointed as the work may demand in accordance with 
the plans of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

Article 5. Elections. — Officers shall be elected at the first meeting of the Juris- 
diction Woman's Society following the meeting of the Jurisdictional Conference, for a 
term of four years, with the privilege of re-election for one additional term in the 
same office. This term of office applies to all officers. For an officer elected during a 
quadrennium, the period to be served shall be considered the first term, thus giving 
the privilege of re-election for one additional term in the same office. 

Article 6. Meetings. — Each Jurisdiction Woman's Society shall meet annually at 
such time and place as it may determine. A majority shall constitute a quorum. 

Article 7. Amendments. — Proposed amendments to this constitution shall be sent 
to the recording secretary of the Woman's Division of Christian Service at least forty 
days before the last annual meeting of the division in the quadrennium. 

Constitution of the Jurisdiction Deaconess Association 

K 1253. 1. In each jurisdiction there shall be a Jurisdiction Deaconess Association. 

2. (a) All active deaconesses working within the bounds of the jurisdiction shall 
be members of the association. 

(b) All deaconesses in the retired relation shall be honorary members of the 
association. 

(o) Other members shall be the president of the Jurisdiction Woman's Society of 
Christian Service, the jurisdiction secretary of home work, and the president of each 
Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service within the jurisdiction. 



Constitution 227 

3. There shall be a meeting of the association held annually or biennially in con- 
nection with the Jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

4. The association shall elect its officers. 

5. There shall be an executive committee in the association. 

6. The duties of the association shall be: 

(a) To promote deaconess work as authorized by the Commission on Deaconess 
Work. 

(b) To arrange workers' conferences. 

(c) To provide opportunities for fellowship among the workers in the jurisdiction. 

(d) Other duties in harmony with the constitution may be set forth in by-laws. 

Constitution of the Conference Woman's 
Society of Christian Service 

^ 1256. Article 1. Name.— In each annual conference there shall be organized a 
Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service auxiliary to the Jurisdiction Wom- 
an's Society and to the Woman's Division of Christian Service. This shall include 
the Wesleyan Service Guild for gainfully employed women. 

Article 2. Purpose. — The purpose of the Conference Woman's Society of Christian 
Service shall be to plan and direct the work of the society within the conference in 
accordance with the constitution and by-laws of the Woman's Division of Christian 
Service. 

Abticlb 3. Membership and Officers. — The Conference Woman's Society shall be 
composed of representatives from societies in the local church, the number to be 
determined by each conference according to its requirements; such district officers 
as the conference society may determine, from each district; all chairmen of confer- 
ence standing committees; officers or members of the Woman's Division or of the 
Jurisdiction Woman's Society residing within the bounds of the conference; and the 
following conference officers: a president, a vice-president, a recording secretary, 
a treasurer, a secretary of promotion, a secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild, a 
secretary of student work, a secretary of youth work, a secretary of children's work, 
a secretary of missionary education, a secretary of Christian social relations and local- 
church activities, a secretary of literature and publictions, a secretary of supply work, 
a secretary of spiritual life, a secretary of status of women, a secretary of missionary 
personnel, and such other secretaries of lines of work as may be required. 

Article 4. Anntjal Conference Relationships. — The president of the Conference 
Woman's Society shall be seated in the annual conference, but without the right to vote 
unless she is otherwise a member of the conference. 

Article 5. Meetings. — There shall be an annual meeting of the Conference Woman's 
Society when reports shall be received from the conference officers and from the districts. 
Officers shall be elected, the necessary business transacted, and pledges made for the 
year. There shall be a program of inspiration and information in harmony with the 
plans and projects of the Jurisdiction Woman's Society and the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service. 

Article 6. Elections. — At the last annual meeting of the quadrennium the Con- 
ference Woman's Society shall : (a) elect, according to the instructions in K 1255, 3, 
six women from the conference, three of whom shall be conference officers, for mem- 
bership in the Jurisdiction Woman's Society; and (b) nominate three women for member- 
ship on the General Board of Missions, the names to be sent to the Jurisdiction Wom- 
an's Society, according to the instructions in H 1172, 2 c. At the annual meeting of 
the Conference Woman's Society preceding the Assembly (111251), delegates to the 
Assembly shall be elected in accordance with the stated membership. 

Article 7. Amendments. — Proposed amendments to this constitution shall be sent 
to the recording secretary of the Woman's Division of Christian Service at least forty 
days before the last annual meeting of the division in the quadrennium. 



228 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Constitution of Annual Conference Deaconess Board 

II 1254. 1. In each Annual Conference there shall be a Conference Deaconess 
Board. 

2. The purpose of the board shall be to create and maintain interest in deaconess 
work, to establish and interpret deaconess relationships to the Annual Conference, and 
to cooperate with the Commission on Deaconess Work in forming policies and making 
recommendations regarding deaconess work. 

3. The board shall be composed of all active deaconesses serving within the bounds 
of the conference; the members of the Cabinet; ministers of local churches employing 
deaconesses; four representatives of the Conference Woman's Society of Christian 
Service; one representative from the Commission on Christian Vocations; and one 
representative, not a deaconess, from the local board of managers or committee of 
each project within the conference where deaconesses live or are employed. Retired 
deaconesses living within the bounds of the conference shall be honorary members, 
having the privilege of the floor without vote. 

4. The duties of the board shall be: 

(a) To review, evaluate, and report annually to the Commission on Deaconess 
Work the standing of all deaconesses within the conference. 

(b) To study credentials received from Quarterly Conferences (K 146, 2) and recom- 
mend to the Joint Committee on Missionary Personnel possible candidates for the 
office of deaconess. 

(c) To cooperate with the Commission on Deaconess Work in the annual appoint- 
ments of deaconesses. It shall submit the list of appointments to be read by the bishop 
presiding at the Annual Conference, and to be printed in the journal. 

(d) To arrange for the licensing and the consecration service of those deaconesses 
assigned to the conference for these purposes. 

(e) In cooperation with the Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service and 
other agencies of the church, to initiate and develop plans for the promotion of dea- 
coness work, including an annual program on deaconess work. 

(f) To consider complaints and charges against deaconesses; to act as a trial court 
in case of trial; and to make recommendations to the Commission on Deaconess Work. 

5. The board shall meet annually and elect its officers. 

6. There shall be an executive committee and other committees as are necessary 
for carrying out the duties of the board. 

7. The board shall report annually to the Annual Conference, the Jurisdiction 
Deaconess Association, and the Commission on Deaconess Work. Its report shall be 
printed in the journal of the Annual Conference. 

Constitution of the District Woman's Society of 
Christian Service 

H 1257. Article 1. Name. — There may be a District Woman's Society of Christian 
Service auxiliary to the Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service. This shall 
include the Wesleyan Service Guild for gainfully employed women. 

Article 2. Purpose. — The purpose of the district society shall be to unite all the so- 
cieties within the district in an earnest effort for the promotion of the work of the 
Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Article 3. Membership. — All members of Woman's Societies of Christian Service 
in the local churches of a district shall be considered members of the district society. 

Article 4. District Officers. — The officers of the district society shall be a presi- 
dent, a recording secretary, a secretary of promotion, and such other officers as will 
best develop and promote the interests of the Woman's Society of Christian Service 
of the district. The district president, the secretary of promotion, and such other district 
officers as the conference society may determine shall be members of the conference 
executive committee. 



Constitution 229 

Abtiols 5. Meetinqs. — There shall be an annual meeting of the district Booisty, 
when reports shall be received from the societies in the district, oflficers elected, necessary 
business transacted, pledges made by the societies, and a program of inspiration and in- 
formation given along the lines of work of the Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Arpicle tJ. Amendments. — Proposed amendments to this constitution shall be sent 
to the recording secretary of the Woman's Division of Christian Service at least forty 
days before the last annual meeting of the division in the quadrenniura. 

^. Constitution of the Woman's Society of Christian 
Service in the Local Church 

K 1268. There shall be a Woman's Society of Christian Service in the local church, 
auxiliary to the Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service. (See 11253 under 
part II, The Local Church, the Discipline, 1952.) 

Article 1. Name. — There shall be a Woman's Society of Christian Service in the 
local church, auxiliary to the Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service. A 
Wesleyan Service Guild, auxiliary to the Woman's Society of Christian Service, com- 
posed of gainfully employed women, may also be organized in the local church. 

Article 2. Purpose. — The purpose of the Woman's Society of Christian Service 
shall be to unite all the women of the church in Christian living and service; to help 
develop and support Christian work among women and children around the world; 
to develop the spiritual life; to study the needs of the world; to take part in such 
service activities as will strengthen the local church, improve civic, community, and 
world conditions. To this end this organization shall seek to enlist women, young people, 
and children in this Christian fellowship, and to secure funds for the activities in the 
local church and the support of the work undertaken at home and abroad for the 
establishment of a world Christian community. 

Article 3. Membership. — A woman may become a member of this society by giving 
prayer, service, and an annual contribution of money to the total budget through mem- 
bership offerings, or dues, pledges, or gifts. She shall contribute to, educate for, and 
promote the total program of the women of Methodism. 

Article 4. Funds. — 1. All funds from whatsoever source secured by this society 
belong to this organization and shall be disbursed only in accordance with its con- 
stitution and by its order. 

*2. The total budget to be secured and administered by a Woman's Seciety of 
Christian Service in the local church shall include pledges to missions to be directed 
through regular channels of finance of the society, and also funds for local church and 
community activities. 

3. All undesignated funds channeled to the Woman's Division shall be divided 
in the office of the treasurer of the Woman's Division on the basis to be determined 
by the division. There shall be no division of funds by the local society. 

4. Funds for local church and community activities shall be secured and admin- 
istered by the Woman's Society of Christian Service in the local church. 

5. Each society in the local church shall make an annual pledge to the total 
budget adopted by the conference society. 

6. Each society in the local church shall include in its budget a definite amount 
for a cultivation fund. 

Article 5. Officers and Elections. — The officers of the society shall be a presi- 
dent, one or more vice-presidents, a recording secretary, a treasurer, and secretaries of 
promotion, of missionary education and service, of Christian social relations and local 
church activities, of student work, of youth work, of children's work, of spiritual life, 



• See by-laws of the Wesleyan Service Guild Unit in the Local Church, Art. VII, Section 2, aecond 
paragraph, which reads: "The pledge of the Wesleyan Service Guild for missions shall be detennined 
by the Guild and added to the pledge of the local Woman's Society of Christian Service but designated 
as Guild funds." 



230 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

of literature and publications, of supply work, of the status of women, and such other 
officers in charge of lines of work as may be required. These officers shall be elected 
at the annual meeting of the society. Where a simpler form of organization is necessary 
in a small church, there shall be five officers or more, as determined by the local 
society. These officers shall share the responsibility for promoting the work of the 
full quota of officers as listed in this paragraph. 

Article 6. Meetings. — ^The society shall hold one or more meetings during a month 
for the transaction of its business and for the study of the work. 

Article 7. Amendments. — Proposed amendments to this constitution may be sent 
to the recording secretary of the Woman's Division of Christian Service at least forty 
days before the last annual meeting of the division in the quadreimium. Proposed 
amendments may also be sent directly to the General Conference. 



By-laws of the Woman's Division of Christian Service 
of the Board of Missions of The Methodist Church 

Article I. — Meetings of the Division 

Section 1. The Annual Meeting of the division shall be held on a date to be 
designated by the division or by the executive committee of the division and in 
connection with the Annual Meeting of the Board of Missions. 

The program of the Annual Meeting shall be prepared by the president, the vice- 
president, and the recording secretary in consultation with the chairmen of the three 
departments and the chairman of the Section of Education and Cultivation. 

Section 2. Special meetings of the division may be called by the executive com- 
mittee of the division or by the president in consultation with the administrative 
committee of the executive committee on ten days' notice. 

Section 3. The following order of business is suggested for the Annual Meeting: 

1. Devotional service 

2. Callmg of the roll 

3. Appointment or election of special committees 

4. Election of Annual Meeting committees for the board 

5. Report of the president 

6. Report of the vice-president 

7. Report of the treasurer 

8. Report of the chairmen and executive secretaries of departments 

9. Report of the chairman and secretaries of the Section of Education and 

Cultivation 
10. Report of standing committees: 

Executive Committee 

Committee on Spiritual Life 

Committee on Literature and Publications 

Committee on Finance and Estimates 

Committee on Permanent Funds and Investments 

Committee on Missionary Personnel 

Committee on Library Service 

Committee on Status of Women 

Committee on Supply Work 

Committee on Constitution and By-laws 

Committee on Nominations 

Committee on the World Federation of Methodist Women 

Committee on Policy 

Committee on Pensions 

Committee on Salaries 

Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
IL Report of special committees 

12. LTnfinished business 

13. New business 

14. Approval of minutes 

15. Adjournment 

Section 4- The Quadrennial Organizational Meeting, ui^ing the order of business 
suggested in Section 3, shall include the nomination of officers, members-at-large of 
the board, executive committee members, and other committee members of the board, 
to be elected by the board; the election of other officers of the division; the organiza- 
tion of the departments; the organization of the Section of Education and Cultivation; 
and the election and organization of standing committees. 

Section 5. The majority of the members of the division or of any group of the 
division shall constitute a quorum for the group concerned. 

Section 6. The staff of the divi.sion shall have the privilege of the floor for discu.s- 
sion. 

Article II.— Officers and Their Duties 

Section 1. There shall be the following four general officers of the division: a 
president, a vice-president, a recording secretary, anci a trea.?urer. 

231 



232 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Section 2. There shall be a president of the division who will be nominated by 
the division to the board as one of the vice-presidents of the board. The president of 
the division shall be the president of the Assembly. 

She shall preside at all meetings of the division, of its executive committee and 
of the administrative committee of the executive committee, and be an ex officio 
member of all committees of the division. She shall be a member of the executive 
committee of the board and of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. 

She shall sign with the recording secretary all documents relating to the transfer 
of real estate and all other legal papers not otherwise provided for and make affidavit 
or acknowledgment that may be required or necessary thereto. With the responsible 
officer, she shall sign all official documents, including notes. 

She shall provide for the presentation of recommendations by the division to the 
board and shall authorize the transmission of actions of the division to the persona 
or groups concerned, unless otherwise ordered. She shall represent the division in 
organizations or related meetings to which representation is not otherwise provided. 

Section S. There shall be a vice-president of the division who shall be elected 
by the division at the Quadrennial Meeting. She shall actively aid in advancing the 
work of the division. In the absence of the president, she shall preside at the meetings 
of the division or of its executive committee. 

Should the office of president become vacant, the vice-president shall assume the 
duties of the office for the remainder of the year, or until the successor to the president 
shall have been elected. She shall be vice-president of the Assembly. She shall have 
responsibilities for promoting the use of the monthly program materials and the 
coordination of plans for program building. She shall be a member of the enlarged 
staff of the section. 

She shall be chairman of the standing Committee on the World Federation of Meth- 
odist Women and direct the work of presenting information on the World Federation 
of Methodist Women. 

She shall receive quarterly and annual reports from the vice-presidents of the 
Jurisdiction Woman's Societies of Christian Service. 

Section 4. There shall be three additional vice-presidents by virtue of their office 
as chairmen of the departments of the division. In the absence of the president and 
the vice-president, one of these vice-presidents shall assume the duties of the pre- 
siding officer. 

Section 5. There shall be a recording secretary of the division, elected by the 
division at its Quadrennial Meeting. She shall give notice of all meetings of the 
division and of its executive committee, keep a permanent record of all proceedings, 
send to each member of the division a copy of the minutes of the executive com- 
mittee, present all recommendations of the executive committee to the division, 
notify members of committees of their appointment, prepare and issue the Annual 
Report of the division in conjunction with a Committee on Annual Report, be re- 
sponsible for sending notices and reports of meetings to the church press, and sign 
documents with other responsible officer or officers as authorized. 

Section 6. There shall be a treasurer of the division, nominated by the division 
and elected by the board at the Quadrennial Meeting. She shall hold the funds of 
the division subject to authenticated drafts, and shall perform such other duties as 
usually pertain to the office of the treasurer. She shall also be charged with the re- 
sponsibility of receiving and holding all permanent funds, endowments, special funds, 
and securities of the division according to the regulations of the division and the board, 
and shall properly disburse the returns therefrom. She shall be a member of the 
Committee on Trust Funds and Investments. In consultation with the committee she 
shall invest the funds entrusted to her care. She shall keep the funds for each depart- 
ment separate. She shall be a member of the standing Committee on Financial Promo- 
tion of the section and a member without vote of the Committee on Policy of the 
division. She shall have such ex officio relationships to the various parts and commit- 
tees of the division as indicated in by-laws related to them. She shall be responsible 
for providing information for the Council on World Service and Finance as required 
by action of the General Conference. She shall make regular reports to the division 
and its executive committee. 

Section 7. (1) There shall be an assistant treasurer for the funds of the Depart- 



By-Laws 233 

mcnt of Work in Foreign Fields, nominal ed by the division and elected annually by 
the board. She shall disburse the funds for this department with the supervision of 
the treasurer, according to the appropriations of the Woman's Division. 

(2) There shall be an assistant treasurer for the funds of the Department of Work 
in Home Fields, nominated by the division and elected annually by the board. She 
shall disburse the funds for the department with the supervision of the treasurer, 
according to the appropriations of the Woman's Division. 

(3) There shall be an assistant treasurer with general duties, nominated by the 
division and elected annually by the board. 

Section S. There shall be a disbursing officer of the division, nominated by the 
division and elected annually by the board. She shall countersign all checks orig- 
inating in the three departments; she shall be vested with the responsibility of noting 
that all withdrawals are supported by proper documenary evidence and approvals 
thereon. 

Section 9. There shall be one or more executive secretaries of the Department 
of Work in Foreign Fields, nominated by the division and elected by the board at 
the Quadrennial Meeting. They shall administer the work in the foreign fields. Assign- 
ment of fields is by vote of the division. 

The executive secretaries of the Department of Work in Foreign Fields shall 
supervise and administer the work in the special areas assigned to them in accordance 
with the plans and policies of the Woman's Division of Christian Service and the Board 
of Missions. They shall be the official correspondents of the Woman's Division with 
the missionary agencies, committees, and workers on these fields. They shall study 
the needs of their respective fields and, through conferences with missionaries and na- 
tionals, they shall seek to secure a firsthand knowledge of the work. They shall rep- 
resent to the department the needs and opportunities in their fields. They shall receive 
askings from the field committees and shall present them annually to the standing 
Committee on Finance and Estimates of the division. They shall cooperate with the 
bishops in charge of the fields, with the other secretaries of the department, and with 
the Division of World Missions, and shall seek to work out a unified policy of mission- 
ary administration on the fields. They shall represent the division on committees of 
the Division of Foreign Missions of the National Council of the Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

The executive secretaries of the Department of Work in Foreign Fileds shall 
make regular reports to the division and its executive committee. 

Section 10. There shall be one or more executive secretaries of the Department 
of Work in Home Fields, nominated by the division and elected by the board at the 
Quadrennial Meeting. They shall administer the work of the bureaus of the Depart- 
ment of Work in Home Fields. Assignment of bureaus is by vote of the division. 

(1) The secretary of the Bureau of Educational Institutions shall have general 
supervision of and shall promote all the educational work of the Department of Work 
in Home Fileds except that which naturally falls in the Bureau of Social Welfare 
and Medical Work. The responsibility of the bureau shall include work in schools, 
colleges, Methodist dormitories on college campuses, chairs in church and state insti- 
tutions, joint educational work with the Division of National Missions, and with the 
Board of Education; the work of student counselors appointed by the department, 
and such other educational work as may be assigned to the bureau by the division, 
The secretary shall promote conferences and institutes for the workers in educational 
institutions. She shall cooperate with the secretaries of the Division of National Mis- 
sions and with the Board of Education, in the conduct of the work of the bureau. 

(2) The secretary of the Bureau of Social Welfare and Medical Work shall have 
general supervision of and shall promote all the specialized welfare institutions, hos- 
pitals, and medical service of the Department of Work in Home Fields. The work 
shall include cooperative homes, homes for the aged, deaconess and missionary rest 
homes, child-welfare institutions, special schools for the underprivileged and delinquent. 
It shall include also the work of hospitals and medical centers, and such other social 
welfare and medical work as may be developed or assigned to the bureau by the 
division. The secretary shall promote conferences and institutes for the workers in 
these institutions for the study of the most approved methods of social and medical 
welfare. She shall cooperate with the secretaries of the Division of National Missions 
and other agencies carrying on similar lines of work. 



234 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

(3) The secretary of the Bureau of Urban Work shall have general supervision 
of and shall promote the lines of work of the Department of Work in Home Fields 
in towns and in cities of over 10,000 population. The responsibility of the bureau shall 
include the work of division, jurisdiction, conferencp, and local evangelistic and wel- 
fare institutions, settlements, and other work which is supported wholly or in art 
by the Woman's Division, exclusive of work assigned to other bureaus. She shall seek 
to enlarge the scope of the work and shall conduct surveys and research studies of 
the luban conditions and needs. She shall promote conferences and institutes for the 
workers and local board members. She shall cooperate with the secretaries of the 
Division of National Missions and of other agencies carrying on similar lines of work. 

(4) The secretary of the Bureau of Town and Country Work shall have general 
supervision of and shall promote the lines of work of the Department of Work in 
Home Fields, in rural and industrial communities under 10,000 population which are 
maintained in whole or in part by the Woman's Division, including nnal settlements 
and centers, and all other rural work to which rural workers of the department are 
assigned. She shall seek to enlarge the scope of the work and shall conduct surveys 
and research studies of rural conditions and needs. She shall promote conferences and 
institutes for the rural workers and local board members in these projects. She shall 
cooperate with the secretary of Town and Country Work of the Division of National 
Missions, with the Extension Department of the Board of Education canying on 
similar work, and with other agencies tt work in this area of need. 

(5) The executive secretary of the Commission on Deaconess Work shall perform the 
duties assigned to her by the Department of Work in Home Fields and the Commission 
on Deaconess Work. She shall keep the records of the commission and the personnel 
list and application records of the deaconesses of the division. She shall act to complete 
the transfers of deaconesses in the field, the licensing and the renewing of licenses and 
certificates of deaconesses and the providing of benefit to the deaconesses eligible for 
help while absent from the field because of illness. 

She shall make recommendations to the Department of Work in Home Fields 
concerning the following matters: those eligible for leave of absence under the priv- 
ilege of sabbatical year; those requesting leave of absence for other reasons; those 
entitled to retirement with pension; those eligible to temporary disability benefit; 
the amounts necessary for study, pension, or temporary disability benefits. 

The executive secretary shall recommend to annual conference deaconess boards 
for licensing those young women approved for that purpose by the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service. 

The executive secretaries of the Department of Work in Home Fields shall 
make regular reports to the division and its executive committee. 

Section 11. There shall be an executive secretary for the Department of Christian 
Social Relations and Local Church Activities, nominated by the Division and elected 
by the board at the Quadrennial Meeting. There shall be one or more associate secre- 
taries nominated by the Woman's Division for election annually by the board. 

They shall seek to promote the work of the Department of Christian Social Re- 
lations and Local Church Activities through jurisdiction, conference, district, and 
local societies. They shall seek to interpret the responsibility of women to their local 
church and community, and to promote those activities and studies that will develop 
Christian fellowship, deepen the concern for the total life and work of the local church, 
and build Christian attitudes in the broad realms of human relations, in line with 
the recommendation of the Woman's Division. They shall cooperate with the Wom- 
an's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation in the promotion of 
those phases of the program of the Woman's Division for which there is joint respon- 
sibility. 

The executive secretary shall receive through the proper channels the report of 
work done in jurisdictions and conferences and make regular reports to the division 
and its executive committee. 

Section 12. There shall be an executive secretary of the Section of Education and 
Cultvation who shall be reommended by the Woman's Division of Christian Service 
to the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation for election by the board at the 
Quadrennial Meeting as the executive secretary of the Woman's Section of the Joint 
Section of Education and Cultivation. She shall be responsible for the work of organ- 
ization and promotion in the Woman's Division. She shall have general administrative 
responsibility for the work of the Woman's Section. She shall cooperate wth the three 



By-Laws 235 

departments of the division in the promotion of their work. In cooperation with the 
secretaries of the Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation, 
she shall coordinate and further all phases of organization and promotion within the 
section. 

She shall be responsible for coordinating plans for officers' training and for the 
creation of plans and methods for the cultivation of the Woman's Society of Christian 
Service and for the extension of the organization throughout the church in the United 
States. 

She shall recommend to the division through the regular channels such field workers 
as the needs demand. 

She shall be a member ex officio of the Committee on Literature and Publications 
and shall cooperate with the editor or editors responsible for the creation of program 
and cultivation materials. She shall be a member of the standing Committee on 
Status of Women and a member ex officio of the standing Committee on Finance and 
Estimates of the division, of the Committee on Organization and Promotion and the 
Committee on Financial Promotion in the section, and of the standing Committee of 
the Wesleyan Service Guild. 

She shall receive through the proper channels the reports of work done in juris- 
dictions and conferences and make regular reports to the division and its executive 
committee. 

Section 13. There shall be a secretaiy of Missionary Education of the Section of 
Education and Cultivation who shall be recommended by the Woman's Division of 
Christian Service to the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation for election by 
the board at the Quadrennial Meeting as secretary of Missionary Education of the 
Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. She shall col- 
late and publicize available missionary information and materials and present plans 
and methods for use by the constituency and develop interest in the support of the 
missionary work of the Woman's Division. She shall promote plans for missionary 
education through schools of missions, institutes, seminars, and special conferences. 
In cooperation with the three departments of the Woman's Division, the secretaries 
of the Section of Education and Cultivation, and of the Joint Section of Education 
and Cultivation, she shall direct and promote through the channels of the jurisdiction, 
conference, district, and local societies, the study plans and study courses approved by 
the Woman's Division for the Woman's Society of Christian Service. She shall co- 
operate with other agencies of the church and interdenominational groups engaged in 
missionary education. She shall be a member ex officio of the Committee on Literature 
and Publications and shall cooperate with the editor or editors responsible for the 
creation of program and cultivation materials having to do with missionary education. 
She shall receive through the proper channels the reports of work done in jurisdictions 
and conferences and make regular reports to the annual and executive committee meet- 
ings of the division. 

Section 14- There shall be a secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild. She shall 
be elected by the board through the regular channel of nominations. Con.«ideration 
will be given to recommendations from the Guild Standing Committee. She shall 
promote the organization of the Wesleyan Service Guild, through the standing Com- 
mittee of the Guild, and through jurisdiction, conference, and district committees 
of which the Guild secretaries are chairmen. As a member ex officio of the Committee 
on Literature and Publications of the Woman's Division, she shall cooperate in such 
adaptation of materials as seem desirable. She shall represent the Woman's Division in 
organizations and movements touching the interests of employed women. She shall 
keep before the division the needs and interests of gainfully employed women in their 
relationship to the ongoing program of the Christian church. She shall be a member 
of the standing Committee on the World Federation of Methodist Women, of the 
standing Committee on Status of Women, of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan 
Service Guild, of the standing Committee of the Department of Christian Social Rela- 
tions and Local Church Activities, and of the enlarged staff of the section, and an ex 
officio member of the standing Committees on Missionary Personnel and Finance and 
Estimates of the division. She shall make regular reports to the division and its execu- 
tive committee. 

Section 15. There shall be the following a.«sociate secretaries in the Section of 
Education and Cultivation: a secretary of Field Cultivation, a secretary of Student 
Work, a secretary of Youth Work, a secretary of Children's Work, and a secretary of 



236 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Audio-Visual Education; and such field workers as the needs of the work demand. 
These associate secretaries and the field workers shall be recommended by the Woman's 
Division to the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation through the Woman's 
Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation for election annually by 
the board. 

Section 16. The secretary of Field Cultivation shall consult with the executive 
secretaries of the Departments of Work in Foreign and Home Fields as to mission- 
aries and deaconesses who will itinerate. She shall establish a speakers' bureau, plan- 
ning the itineraries of the field workers, the missionaries, and other speakers in con- 
sultation with the secretaries of the Woman's Section and the jurisdiction secretaries of 
Promotion and in cooperation with the General Section of the Joint Section of Educa- 
tion and Cultivation. She shall seek in every way to make such itineraries most effective 
by conferring with speakers as to the best techniques of presenting the work and by 
helping conference officers to conserve the values of these itineraries. She shall study 
the conferences and in cooperation with the executive secretary and the jurisdiction 
and conference secretaries of Promotion plan for efficient cultivation. She shall take such 
speaking engagements as possible in the time available. 

Section 17. The secretary of Student Work shall promote the plans and programs 
for the student work of the Woman's Division through the Woman's Section of the 
Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. She shall work cooperatively with the 
secretary of Student Work in the General Section of the Joint Section of Education 
and Cultivation. She shall represent the work of these divisions in the Methodist 
Student Movement. 

She shall represent the Woman's Division in committees correlating student work 
and in such other committees, conferences, and meetings as concern student work in 
relation to the Board of Missions. She shall work with the staff of the Department 
of Student Work of the Board of Education in planning approaches to the campus 
and in arranging campus itineraries for missionaries and other speakers. She shall be 
a member ex officio of the Committee on Missionary Personnel of the Woman's Di- 
vision. She shall cooperate with this committee in finding candidates. She shall be 
a member of the Subcommittee on Missionary Education in schools, colleges, and 
theological seminars of the Interboard Committee on Missionary Education and of 
the National Conference of Methodist Youth. 

She shall work also with the jurisdiction and conference secretaries of Student 
Work, and .shall perform such other duties as the Woman's Division may define. 

She shall receive through proper channels the reports of student work done in 
jurisdictions and conferences and make regular reports to the division and its execu- 
tive committee. 

Section IS. The secretary of Youth Work shall be responsible for the preparation 
of plans and programs for the World Friendship groups of girls meeting regularly 
to study the work of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. She shall promote 
the accepted plan of missionary education of youth through jurisdiction and confer- 
ence secretaries of Youth Work. She shall perform such other duties as the division 
may define. She shall represent the Woman's Division in a Subcommittee on Youth 
Work of the Interboard Committee on Missionary Education and in other meetings 
where youth interests are concerned. She shall be an e.r officio member of the stand- 
ing Committee on Missionary Personnel of the division and of the National Confer- 
ence of Methodist Youth. 

She shall receive through proper channels the reports of work done in juri.?dictions 
and conferences and make regular reports to the division and its executive committee. 

Section 19. The secretary of Children's Work shall be responsible for carrying 
out the plans for missionary education of children of preschool, primary, and junior 
age groups, as authorized by the Board of Missions. She shall promote missionary 
education of children through jurisdiction and conference secretaries of Children's 
Work according to the accepted plan. She shall perform such other duties as rnay be 
defined. She .shall represent the Children's Work of the Board of Missions in the 
Subcommittee on Children's Work of the Interboard Committee on Missionary Edu- 
cation, and in other committees concerned with the missionary education of children. 
She shall be a member of the standing Committee on the World Federation of Meth- 
odist Women. 



By-Laws 237 

She shall receive through proper channels the reports of work done in jurisdictions 
and conferences and make regular reports to the division and its executive committee. 

Sectinn 20. The secretary of Audio-Viaijal Education shall promote the work of 
the Woman's Division of Christian Service by producing and distributing audio-visual 
materials including motion pictures, filmstrips, and other audio-visual materials to 
be used in education and cultivation and shall develop a program for training of the 
Woman's Society lenders and members in the most effective use of such materials. 
She shall cooperate with the department of visual education in the Deneral Section 
of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation and with the Radio and Film Com- 
mission of The Methodist Church. She shall make regular reports to the division 
and its executive committee. 

Section SI. There shall be field workers of the Woman's Division of Christian 
Service, elected by the board, as the needs of the work may demand. All field 
workers shall itinerate throughout the societies and guilds of the conferences under the 
guidance of the secretary of Field Cultivation of the division, the jurisdiction and con- 
ference secretaries of Promotion, and the division, jurisdiction and conference secretaries 
of the Wesleyan Service Guild. 

The field worker shall seek to organize societies and guilds; she shall help to train 
leaders; she shall interpret the function and program of the Woman's Society of 
Christian Service and the Wesleyan Service Guild; and shall promote in all ways 
possible the work of the division. 

Following each conference itinerary, the field worker shall report her activities 
within the conference to the division secretary of field cultivation, to the jurisdiction 
and conference secretaries of Promotion and to the division, jurisdiction and conference 
secretaries of the Wesleyan Service Guild. 

The field worker shall submit a statement of expenses involved in each confer- 
ence itinerary to the executive .secretary of the Section of Education and Cultivation. 

Sectinn 2S. When a secretary or secretaries of Missionary Personnel are to be 
elected, suggestions shall be offered by the Woman's Division of Christian Service to 
the Committee on Nominations of the Joint Committee on Missionary Personnel. 

Section S3. There shall be an editor of The Methodist Woman, nominated by the 
division and elected annually by the board. She shall be an editorial .spcretarv of the 
Woman's Division. She shall have the entire responsibility for editing The MpthndiM 
Woman. As a member ex officio she shall work in cooperation with the standing Com- 
mittee on Literature and Publications. She shall take her proportionate share of re- 
sponsibility in the production of literature for the division. She shall have full re.spon- 
sibility for the work allocated to her. She shall be a member of the standing Com- 
mittee on the World Federation of Methodi.st Women. She shall make regular reports 
to the division and its executive committee. 

Section Si. There shall be a woman editor of World Oiitlnok, recommended by 
the Woman's Division to the Joint Section of Ediication and Cultivation through the 
Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation for election 
annually by the board. She shall be an editorial secretary of the Joint Section of 
Education and Cultivation and shall be responsible for editing the woman's share of 
World Ontlonh and the woman's share of all other joint publications. As a member 
px officio she shall work in cooperation with the standing Committee on Literature and 
Publications. She shall take her proportionate share of responsibility in the produc- 
tion of literature for the Woman's Division. She shall have full responsibility for 
the work allocated to her. She shall be a member of the standing Committee on the 
World Federation of Methodist Women. She shall make regular reports to the division 
and its executive committee. 

Section S5. There shall be an editor of literature for the Woman's Division 
nominated by the division and elected annually by the board. She shall be an edi- 
torial secretary' of the Woman's Division. 

The editor of literature, in cooperation with the standing Committee on Litera- 
ture and Publications, shall be respon.sible for creating and editing all programs, cul- 
tivation materials, and such other literature as may be required to meet the needs 
of the division and of the jurisdiction, conference, and district societies, and of so- 
cieties in the local church. She shall be a member of the standing Committee on the 



238 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

World Federation of Methodist Women. She shall make regular reports to the division 
and its executive committee. 

Section 26. There shall be an associate editor of literature, nominated by the 
division and elected annually by the board. She shall be an editorial secretary of the 
Woman's Division. She shall work in cooperation with the standing Committee on 
Literature and Publications and take her proportionate share of the responsibility in 
the production of literature for the division. She shall have full responsibility for the 
work allocated to her. She shall be a member of the standing Committee on the World 
Federation of Methodist Women. She shall make regular reports to the division and 
its executive committee. 

Section 27. There shall be such additional editors and associate editors as the 
work may demand and as approved by the Woman's Division. 

Section 28. There shall be a publication and business manager, nominated by the 
division and elected annually by the board. She shall be the business manager for 
the production, sale, and distribution of The Methodist Woman, and of the literature 
of the Woman's Division. She shall be responsible for getting copy in correct form 
to the printers on schedule after due consultation with the responsible editor. She 
shall work in cooperation with the standing Committee on Literature and Publica- 
tions. She shall have the responsibility for determining the quantity and placing the 
order for literature of other agencies to be handled by Literature Headquarters. She 
shall make regular reports to the division and its executive committee. 

Section 29. There shall be a circulation manager and secretary of Literature nom- 
inated by the division and elected annually by the board. She shall be responsible for 
the promotion of the sale of all literature authorized by the Woman's Division and by 
the Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation for the promo- 
tion of the work. She shall keep in touch with the jurisdiction and conference secre- 
taries of Literature and Publications, direct them in the evaluation and use of all 
literature, including the program materials of the Woman's Division, and secure from 
them reports concerning the suitability of the material to meet conference needs. She 
shall cooperate with the standing Committee on Literature and Publications. She shall 
make regular reports to the division and its executive committee. 

Section SO. There shall be an Editorial Board, composed of the editors, the publi- 
cation and business manager, and the circulation manager. Immediately following the 
Annual Meeting of the Woman's Division, this board shall meet and organize, electing 
ita own chairman and secretary, and upon request of the responsible editor shall arrange 
among its members for any allocation of the work necessary. Details of publications 
shall be cleared through this board. The board shall make regular reports to the 
division and its executive committee. 

Section SI. There shall be a meeting at regular intervals of the woman's staff 
for the purpose of correlating the entire work of the Woman's Division and keeping 
each member informed concerning the total work of the Woman's Division. The 
woman's staff shall elect its own chairman. The chairman shall be elected on the 
basis of rotation among the various staff groups, namely, the Department of Work 
in Foreign Fields, the Department of Work in Home Fields, the Department of 
Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities, the Woman's Section of the 
Joint Section of Education and Cultivation, the Editorial Board, the treasurers, and the 
secretaries of the Department of Missionary Personnel. The staff shall elect quadren- 
nially two of ita members, other than the treasurer, to serve as non-voting members of 
the standing Committee on Policy of the division. 

Article III.- — Publications 

Section 1. The Woman's Division of Christian Service shall assume its propor- 
tionate share in editing and promoting the church-wide missionary magazine World 
Outlook and such other literature as may be needed for joint circulation. 

Section 2. There shall be a magazine entitled The Methodist Woman which shall 
be edited and published by the Woman's Division of Christian Service. This magazine 
shall represent and promote the policies, program, and work of the Woman's Division. 

Article I^^ — Elections 

Section 1. The president, the vice-president, the recording secretary, and the 
chairmen of the three departments, who shall be vice-presidents of the division, shall 



By-Laws 239 

be nominated and elected by ballot at the Quadrennial Meeting. If the nominating 
ballot is a two-thirds ballot, it shall become the elective ballot. 

These officers shall be eligible for re-election to the same office for one additional 
term. 

Section 2. At the Quadrennial Meeting each member of the division shall register 
a first and second choice for membership in a department. The president, vice-presi- 
dent, recording secretary, and chairmen of the three departments shall constitute a 
committee to arrange these choices into the membership of the departments. In each 
department there shall be at least one representative from each jurisdiction. 

Section S. At the opening session of the Quadrennial Meeting there shall be 

elected by the division, from its membership, a Special Committee on N ominations. 

This committee shall be composed of twelve women, two from each jurisdiction, 

and one bishop, appointed by the bishops of the division. 

This committee shall present to the division the nominations for election by the 
board of a treasurer or treasurers and assistant treasurers, a disbursing officer, the 

executive and other secretaries, the editors, the publication and business manager, the 
circulation manager and secretary of Literature, the field workers, the assistants 
to executive and other secretaries, nine members of the division to serve on the 
executive committee of the board, twelve members-at-large of the board, six of 
whom shall be the presidents of the Jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian 
Service. This committee shall nominate for election by the division eight women 
for membership on the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. 

Section 4- At the Quadrennial Meeting, the standing Committee on Nominations 
of the division, composed of the vice-president and two members appointed by each 
department and by the Section of Education and Cultivation, shall present for nomi- 
nation and election by the division, the chairmen and members of the standing com- 
mittees of the division; and from the membership of the Section of Education and 
Cultivation, a chairman of the Section of Education and Cultivation in the Woman's 
Division; one member of the Woman's Division and one member of the staff for 
representation on the Commission on Promotion and Cultivation; six women of the 
division for membership on the Standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
and three women for membership on the Commission on Deaconess Work. 

At the Quadrennial Meeting of the division, the standing Committee on Nomina- 
tions shall recommend to the division for nomination to the board the representatives 
of the division on the Interboard Committee on Missionary Education. 

At the Quadrennial Meeting of the division and thereafter at each Annual Meet- 
ing the standing Committee on Nominations of the division shall recommend to the 
division, for nomination to the board, representatives of the division on the following 
committees of the board: 

1. Committee on By-laws 

2. Committee on Finance 

3. Committee on Pensions 

4. Joint Committee on Missionary Personnel 

5. Committee on Salaries 

6. Committee on Minutes and Records 

At each Annual Meeting of the division, except the Quadrennial Meeting, the 
standing Committee on Nominations shall recommend to the division for presentation 
to the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation for election by the board, nomina- 
tions for the woman editor of World Outlook, a secretary of the Wesleyan Service 
Guild and the associate secretaries in the Woman's Section of the Joint Section of 
Education and Cultivation (viz., a secretary of Field Cultivation, a secretary of Stu- 
dent Work, a secretary of Youth Work, a secretary of Children's Work, and a secretary 
of Audio-Visual Education), the field workers, and the assistants to the executive 
secretary and the secretary of Missionary Education of the section. 

At each Annual Meeting of the division, except the Quadrennial Meeting, the 
standing Committee on Nominations of the division shall recommend to the Woman's 
Division nominations for election by tlie board of assistant treasurers, the disbursing 
officer, associate and assistant secretaries, the editors, the publication and business 
manager, and the circulation manager and .secretary of Literature. 

At the Quadrennial Meeting and thereafter at each succeeding Annual Meeting 
of the division, the standing Committee on Nominations shall present for election by 



240 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

the division nominations for the members representing the Woman's Division on the 
Interdivision Committees on Work in Foreign Fields and Work in Home Fields. 

Section 5. At each Annual Meeting of the division, the president, the vice-presi- 
dent, and the recording secretary shall appoint the members of the division to serve 
on the followmg committees of the board during the period of the meeting: 

1. Committee on Appropriations for All Purposes 

2. Committee on General Reference 

3. Committee on Treasurers' Reports 

4. Committee on Resolutions, two members 

Section 6. Those officers, chairmen of committees, or members of committees 
elected at the Quadrennial Meeting, unless it is stated otherwise in the by-laws of the 
division, shall hold office for the quadrennium or until their successors are elected. 
If a vacancy should occur by death, resignation, or otherwise, it may be filled at any 
regular meeting of the division. 

Section 7. Those officers, chairmen of committees, or members of committees, 
elected annually, shall hold office for one year or until their successors are elected. 
If a vacancy should occur by death, resignation, or otherwise, it may be filled at any 
regular meeting of the executive committee of the division. 

Section 8. All officers and chairmen of committees shall be elected from the 
membership of the division. 

Section 9. For an elected officer, who is on the payroll and shall have reached 
the age of retirement fixed by the pension plan of the Woman's Division, between an 
Annual Meeting and the following June 1, the date of retirement shall be June 1. If 
the age of retirement is reached between June 1 and the following Annual Meeting, 
the date of retirement shall be at the close of the Annual Meeting. 

Article V. — Finances 

Section 1. The work of the Woman's Division shall be supported by the monies 
derived from annual pledges or dues, special memberships, devises, bequests, annuities, 
special offerings, gifts, and monies raised for special projects or collected in meetings 
held in the interest of the work of the division. 

Section 2. All funds from whatsoever source secured under the auspices of the 
Woman's Society of Christian Service, as auxiliary to the Woman's Division of Chris- 
tian Service, belong to the organization and shall be disbursed in accordance with its 
constitution and by-laws. 

Unless otherwise ordered by the division, all monies secured by all organizations 
of the division, except those for use in a local society for local church and community 
activities, and the cultivation funds for jurisdiction, conference, district, and societies 
in the local church, shall be sent to the conference treasurer and forwarded quarterly 
or monthly by her to the treasurer of the division. 

Section 3. Funds held by any of the conference or district treasurers shall be 
deposited in a banking institution in the name of the Woman's Society of Christian 
Service, as auxiliary to the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

Section 4- The fiscal and appropriation year of the Woman's Division shall be 
June 1 to May 31. The fiscal year of the Conference Woman's Society of Christian 
Service shall be June 1 to May 31. 

Section 5. The division shall present its appropriations for approval by the 
board at the Annual Meeting. These appropriations shall not exceed the income for 
such purposes of the preceding fiscal year of the division. 

Section 6. Appropriations for the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation shall 
be made by the Woman's Division and transmitted to the Joint Section of Education 
and Cultivation through the executive secretary of the Woman's Section of the division. 

Appropriations made to the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation shall be 
adequate to cover the part of the total task that definitely belongs to the Woman's 
Division and to include an equitable proportion of the expense of all joint literature 
and other joint cultivation enterprises. 

Section 7. The division shall appropriate annually a Contingent Fund of not 
less than two per cent nor more than four per cent of the total appropriations made 



By-Laws 241 

by the division, to be allocated proportionately to the three departments, to the 
Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation, and for General 
Administration. 

Section 8. Undirected income for appropriations shall be divided in the oflBce of 
the treasurer of the Woman's Division on the basis to be agreed upon by the division. 

Section 9. Provision for missionary projects shall be made within appropriations, 
the money to be sent to the treasurer of the Woman's Division bj^ the local society 
through the regular channels. 

Section 10. All annuities shall be invested during the life of the annuitant. 

Section 11. Undesignated gifts, bequests, and lapsed annuities given to the division 
shall be divided equally between the Departments of Home and Foreign Work. These 
funds shall be held by the treasurer of the division with the restricted funds as Home 
and Foreign Work credits to be voted out by the department concerned. 

Designated gifts, bequests, and lapsed annuities for any department of the divi- 
sion, above the amount included in the basis of appropriation for the year 1941, shall 
become a part of the credits of the department designated and held with restricted 
funds subject to withdrawal upon vote of the department concerned. 

Section 12. The title to all real estate for use by institutions entirely supported 
by a conference or receiving support from a conference or its societies in local 
churches, shall be vested either in the Woman's Division of Christian Service, or in 
the Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service, provided it is incorporated. 

NOTE. — This applies to future conference incorporations. Existing conference 
corporations, holding institutions or properties which receive support from the former 
merging organizations, either locally or nationally, shall come into this relationship by 
voluntary action on a recommendation of the Conference Society and approval of the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

The title to all property, real and personal, specifically designated by the donor 
for the work of the Woman's Division of Christian Service within a conference, may 
be held by, and be vested in, the conference, provided it is incorporated; otherwise 
it must be held by the Woman's Division of Christian Service for the benefit of the 
conference. All property which is not specifically designated by the donor for work 
within a conference but which is transferred or paid to the conference through gift, 
bequest, or devise, shall be transferred or paid by the conference treasurer to the 
treasurer of the Woman's Division of Christian Service and credit on receipts given 
to the conference for the principal of the gift. 

Section IS. The division shall authorize the creation of a Revolving Fund of 
$250,000 as a minimum. Of this amount, $100,000 shall be held on deposit; the balance 
shall be kept in savings accounts or invested by the Committee on Permanent Funds 
and Investments in readily liquidated securities, for use as needed and as directed by 
the division. 

The procedure for use of the Revolving Fund shall be as follows: The treasurer 
shall be authorized to use the Revolving Fund for current operations as emergencies 
may rise. The amount so used shall be replaced in the Revolving Fund from the first 
available income receipts. The Revolving Fund shall be balanced and the total 
amount of same shall be on hand at the end of «ach fiscal year. The income from 
the investments of the Revolving Fund shall be used in the basis of appropriations. 
The treasurer shall make reports on the Revolving Fund quarterly and annually to the 
division. In the event of the liquidation of the Revolving Fund, these monies shall 
be directed to the retirement and relief funds held for the payment of obligations to 
missionaries and deaconesses of the uniting boards and societies in proportion to 
amounts contributed by the uniting boards and societies. 

Section 14. There shall be Life Memberships, Honorary Life Memberships, and 
Honorary Life Patrons for the purpose of developing interest and increasing the 
finances of the division. 

Life memberships for adults shall be $25; Honorary Life Memberships shall be 
$100; Honorary Life Patrons, $300. Honorary Youth Memberships shall be $15; Hon- 
orary Junior Memberships, $10; Honorary Baby Memberships, $5. 

Recognition of these special memberships shall be given by suitable pins or cer- 
tificates. 



242 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Section 15. Memorial Memberships of $50 shall be one of the methods of de- 
veloping interest and increasing finances for the division, the total from these Memorial 
Memberships to be used for missionary and deaconess retirement. 

Section 16. The Woman's Division of Christian Service shall observe an annual 
Week of Prayer and Self-Denial. The offering received during this period shall be 
divided equally between the Home and Foreign Departments, and shall be used for 
missionary projects in addition to the funds received through the appropriations, as 
designated by the Woman's Division. 

NOTE. — Thank offerings, Christmas offerings, and Lenten offerings may be used 
as methods for securing the total budget (missionary funds and local funds) of the 
Woman's Society of Christian Service in each local church. 

Section 17. For use in the promotion of the work of the division there may be 
cultivation funds in the division and its auxiliary societies, including the Wesleyan 
Service Guild, in the jurisdiction, conference, district, and the local church. 

One fourth of one cent per adult member of a conference society shall be sent 
by the conference to the division for the division Cultivation Fund. This fund ehall 
be used to defray the expenses of board members annually to a meeting of their 
jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service and to one executive committee 
meeting of their conference society. 

This fund shall be held as one for the Woman's Society of Christian Service and 
the Wesleyan Service Guild, the record of receipts from each group to be kept separate 
on the treasurer's books on jurisdiction, conference, and district levels. 

Section 18. There shall be a contributory pension plan in the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service. This plan shall be compulsory for all missionaries and deaconesses 
of the Woman's Division who were commissioned on or after July 25, 1940, or whose 
salary began on or after April, 1940. 

The pension plans which prevailed in the three constituencies shall apply to 
missionaries and deaconesses who were commissioned prior to July 25, 1940. 

Section 19. Cash secured for Supply Work shall be sent through the regular chan- 
nels — that is, from the treasurer of the society in the local church to the district or 
conference treasurer and then to the treasurer of the division. When cash is des- 
ignated for certain work, the treasurer of the division shall forward the same direct 
to the project designated; if designated only for a department, the money shall be 
disbursed according to the recommendations of the department concerned. All Buch 
funds shall be over and above the pledge of any society in the local church, district, 
or conference. 

Section 20. All monies secured by all units of the Wesleyan Service Guild except 
those for use in the local unit for local church and community activities and cultiva- 
tion funds shall be sent through the treasurer of the Woman's Society of Christian 
Service in the local church to the district or conference treasurer of the Woman's 
Society of Christian Service and then to the treasurer of the division as Wesleyan 
Service Guild funds. 

Section 21. Fifty per cent of the receipts of the Methodist Youth Fund shall be 
contributed to the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

The annual conference treasurer shall send monthly one half of the receipts for 
that month to the treasurer of the Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service 
for transmission by her to the treasurer of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 
The fifty per cent administered by the Woman's Division shall be clearly marked 
"Methodist Youth Fund" by each person handling the funds. 

The contributions from the Methodist Youth Fund shall be over and above the 
pledges of the adult societies and shall be credited under conference income for ap- 
propriations. 

Section 22. Forty per cent of the offerings of children received in additional ses- 
sions shall be contributed to the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

The leader of the additional sessions shall receive the offerings and shall make 
regular remittances to the treasurer of the Woman's Society of Christian Service in 
the local church. The forty per cent administered by the Woman's Division shall be 
clearly designated as children's offerings by each person handling the funds. 

The offerings received from children in additional sessions shall be over and above 
the pledges of the adult societies and shall be credited under conference income for 
appropriations. 



By-Laws 243 

Article VI. — Stciiox or Education and Cvltivation 

Section 1. There shall be a Section of Education and Cultivation composed of the 
members of the Woman's Division of Christian Service who are members of the Joint 
Section of Education and Cultivation, the executive secretary, the secretary of Mission- 
ary Education, the secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild, and the associate secretaries 
of the Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation, the editors, 
the publication and business manager, and the circulation manager. The president 
of the Woman's Division of Christian Service, the vice-president of the division, the 
treasurer of the division, the chairman of the Committee on Spiritual Life, the 
chairman of the Committee on Literature and Publications, the chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Status of Women, the chairman of the Committee on Supply Work, an 
executive secretary from the Department of Work in Foreign Fields, an executive 
secretary from the Department of Work in Home Fields, the executive secretary 
and the associate secretaries from the Department of Christian Social Relations and 
Local_ Church Activities shall be members ex officio. The presidents of jurisdiction 
societies when present shall be coopted as members of the section. 

Those members of the section who are members of the executive committee of 
the Woman's Division shall constitute an executive committee of the section. The 
members of the staff who are members of the section and the ex officio members shall 
have the same relationship to the executive committee. 

Section S. The section or its executive committee, which is the section ad interim, 
shall meet in connection with the meetings of the Woman's Division. The agenda for 
the meetings shall be prepared by the chairman and the recording secretary in con- 
sultation with the executive secretary. 

Section S. It shall be the duty of the section to supervise and be responsible to 
the Woman's Division for the work assigned to it by the division. It shall counsel 
and aid the secretaries of the section in their duties, and shall take all necessary measures 
to carrj' into effect the actions of the Woman's Division. 

The section shall study the education, cultivation, and organization policies of the 
Woman's Division and shall formulate and present plans to the division for the co- 
ordination and promotion of these policies through the Woman's Section of the Joint 
Section of Education and Cultivation. 

The section shall make recommendation to the Committee on Nominations of the 
division in case of a vacancy among the executive secretary, the secretaries and asso- 
ciate secretaries of the section. 

Section 4- The section shall consider the annual budget of the Woman's Section 
of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation submitted by the executive secretary 
and make recommendations to the Committee on Finance and Estimates of the 
Woman's Division. 

Section 5. The section may provide such committees as it finds necessary. 

Section 6. The section shall receive reports from the secretaries and committees, 
and shall present reports to the Woman's Division and its executive committee. 

Section 7. At the Quadrennial Meeting the section shall appoint two menabera 
of the section to serve on the standing Committee on Nominations of the division. 

Section 8. The chairman shall preside at all meetings of the section and of the 
executive committee of the section and shall perform the duties usually required 
of this officer. She shall be a member ex officio of all committees of the section. In 
the absence of the chairman, the section shall choose a chairman pro tern. 

Section 9. There shall be a recording secretary who shall record and file all minutes 
of the section and of the executive committee of the section. 

Section 10. There shall be a standing Committee on Organization and Promotion 
composed of the executive secretary, half the members of the section, the six jurisdic- 
tion secretaries of Promotion, the secretary of Field Cultivation, the field workers 
who have not been assigned to the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild, 
and the secretary of Promotion of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service 
Guild. The editor responsible for the literature of this committee shall be a member 
ex officio. This committee shall meet annually. 

Section 11. There shall be a standing Committee on Missionary Education com- 
posed of the secretary of Missionary Education, half the members of the section and 
the six jurisdiction secretaries of Missionary Education, one jurisdiction secretary 



244 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

of Foreign Work, one jurisdiction secretary of Home Work, and the chairman of the 
Committee on Missionary Education of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan 
Service Guild. The editor responsible for the literature of this committee shall be 
a member ex officio. This committee shall meet annually. 

Section 12. There shall be a standing Committee on Student Work composed of 
the associate secretary of Student Work, three members of the section, and the six 
jurisdiction secretaries of Student Work. The editor responsible for the literature of 
this committee shall be a member ex officio. This committee shall meet annually. 

Section IS. There shall be a standing Committee on Missionary Education of 
Youth composed of the associate secretary of Youth Work, three members of the 
section, the six jurisdiction secretaries of Youth Work, the member of the staff of 
the Joint Department of Missionary Education having responsibility for Youth Work, 
and the staff member of the Youth Department having responsibility for Methodist 
Youth Fund promotion. The editor responsible for the Hterature of this committee 
shall be a member ex officio. This committee shall meet annually. 

Section I4. There shall be a standing Committee on Missionary Education of 
Children composed of the associate secretary of Children's Work, three members 
(rf the section, the member of the staff of the Joint Department of Missionary Educa- 
tion having responsibility for Children's Work and the six jurisdiction secretaries of 
Children's Work. The editor responsible for the literature of this committee shall be 
a member ex officio. The committee shall meet annually. 

Section 16. There shall be a standing Committee on Financial Promotion. This 
committee shall develop and promote plans in line with policies approved by the 
Woman's Division for increasing the income of the Woman's Division. This com- 
mittee shall also give guidance through proper channels to the Committee on Finance of 
the local society with reference to securing, channeling, and administering funds of 
the local society. 

This committee shall be composed of the treasurer of the Woman's Division of 
Christian Service, the executive secretary of the Section of Education and Cultivation, 
the responsible editor, a representative of the Committee on Supply Work, members 
of the section who are members of the Committee on Finance and Estimates, and 
others desired by the section. The section shall provide that each department is rep- 
resented in the committee. 

Section 16. (1) There shall be an enlarged staff in the Section of Education and 
Cultivation composed of the vice-president of the division, the treasurer of the division, 
the chairman of the standing Committee on Spiritual Life of the division, the chairman 
of the section, the staff of the section, the editors, the publication and business manager, 
the circulation manager and secretary of Literature, the executive secretary and the 
associate secretaries of the Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church 
Activities, an executive secretary of the Department of Work in Home Fields, an 
executive secretary of the Department of Work in Foreign Fields, and coopted mem- 
bers as needed. 

(2) The duties of the enlarged staff shall be (a) to receive and. when necessary, 
to bring recommendations to the section for the coordination of plans from the various 
departments, committees, and individuals for general promotional methods, for leader- 
ship training, for jurisdiction and conference schools, institutes, workshops and seminars; 
for the programs of the Woman's Society and of the Wesleyan Service Guild. The 
responsibility for formulating and effecting these plans shall be delegated to the person 
or persons charged by the by-laws for that particular phase of the education and 
cultivation program, (b) The enlarged staff also shall serve as a clearing house for 
dates for national seminars, workshops, institutes, conferences, and other meetings. 
3. The chairman of the enlarged staff shall be the executive secretary of the 
Section of Education and Cultivation. 

Article VII. — Standing Committees 

Secton 1. There shall be the following standing committees of the division ac- 
cording to the constitution: Executive Committee, Committee on Missionary Per- 
sonnel, Committee on Permanent Funds and Investments, Committee on Finance and 
Estimates, and a Committee on the World Federation of Methodist Women. 

There shall be also standing committees on Spiritual Life, Literature and Publi- 
cations, Library Service, Status of Women, Supply Work, Constitution and By-laws, 



By-Laws 245 

Nominations, Pensions, Policy, Salaries, the Wesleyan Service Guild, and an Admin- 
istrative Committee. These committees shall be elected quadrennially. 

Section 2. The Woman's Division shall provide such special committees as may 
be necessary for the conduct of the work. 

Section 3. Staff members shall serve as nonvoting members of the committees 
which are concerned directly with their departments of work. 

Section 4- The executive committee of the division shall be composed of the 
women members serving on the executive committee of the board, representing the 
three divisions and the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. The membership 
of the committee shall include the president, the vice-president, the recording secretary, 
the chairmen of the three departments, the chairman of the Section of Education and 
Cultivation, the chairmen of the standing committees of the division, and three bishops 
who are members of the division. Other persons may be added as the needs of the 
division may require. The executive and other secretaries^ treasurers, the disbursing 
officer, editors, publication and business manager, and the circulation manager shall be 
members without vote. 

The executive committee, which is the division ad interim, shall meet to review 
the work of the division and to attend to any other necessary business. The meetings 
shall be held in connection with the meetings of the executive committee of the board. 
The president, with the approval of three other members of the executive committee, 
may call a special session of the committee to meet an emergency. The executive com- 
mittee shall make a report of its action to the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 
A majority shall constitute a quorum. 

Section 5. The division shall elect from the membership of its executive committee 
an administrative committee, composed of the president, the four vice-presidents, the 
recording secretary, the treasurer of the division, the chairman of the Section of 
Education and Cultivation, one additional member from each of the departments 
and the executive secretaries. This committee shall meet at the call of the president 
and transact such business as necessitates the action of the division in the intervals 
between the meetings of the executive committee of the division. The executive 
secretaries and the treasurer shall be members without vote. 

Section 6. There shall be a standing Committee on Spiritual Life, composed of 
the chairman, one representative of the Woman's Division from each jurisdiction, the 
jurisdiction secretaries of Spiritual Life, the chairman of the Committee on Spiritual 
Life of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild, and such members 
from the Section of Education and Cultivation as the committee may determine. This 
committee shall endeavor to quicken the spiritual life of all Methodist women, to deepen 
their prayer life, and to increase their sense of responsibility for personal service and 
giving. The committee shall keep in touch with the spiritual movements of the times, 
and by prayerful research develop a clearer appreciation of the meaning of Christian 
living; it shall seek to devise definite means to permeate the local church with a 
spiritual power which will lead to deeper consecration and to more active service; to 
promote Christian stewardship, informal studies, and the use of the Bible and other 
devotional materials. The committee shall give special attention to recommendation 
of books and pamphlets on the devotional life, inckiding stewardship. The editor re- 
sponsible for the literature of this committee shall be a member ex officio. 

This committee shall assist the editors in the preparation of such spiritual life ma- 
terials as may be published by the Woman's Division of Christian Service. The resources 
of this committee shall be available to the leaders of all age groups within the division 
and to institutions supported by the division. 

There shall be an advisory committee, composed of the division chairman of 
Spiritual Life and the six jurisdiction secretaries of Spiritual Life. This committee 
shall study the plans of the standing Committee on Spiritual Life of the division and 
shall bring to the attention of the division the particular spiritual needs of the dif- 
ferent jurisdictions, with suggestions as to how these needs may best be met. 

Section 7. There shall be a standing Committee on Literature and Publications, 
composed of seven especially qualified women, a majority of whom shall be members 
of the Woman's Division, one the vice-president of the Woman's Division. The 
following shall be ex officio members: the editors, the circulation manager, the publica- 
tion and business manager, the chairman and secretaries of the Woman's Section of 



246 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation, the chairman of the Department of 
Work in Foreign Fields, and one executive secretary appointed by the department, the 
chairman of the Department of Work in Home Fields and one executive secretary 
appointed by the department, the chairman of the Department of Christian Social 
Relations and Local Church Activities and the executive secretary of the depart- 
ment, the president of the division, the treasiu'er of the division, the chairman of 
the standing Committee on Spiritual Life, the vice-chairman of the standing Committee 
of the Wesleyan Service Guild, and a secretary' of Missionaiy Personnel appointed by 
the standing Committee on Missionary Personnel. 

This committee shall be responsible to the Woman's Division for all printed 
materials recommended for use of the societies and the Wesleyan Service Guilds, and 
shall survey the needs of the Woman's Division for such materials and shall formulate 
policies and plans for their publication and distribution. The committee shall meet 
semi-annually. 

Section S. There shall be a standing Committee on Finance and Estimates, com- 
posed of thirteen members of the Woman's Division as follows: the chairman and 
three members of each of the two administrative departments, the chairman and two 
members of the Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Chiu'ch Activities, 
the chairman of the Section of Education and Cultivation, the president of the 
Woman's Division. The secretaries, treasurers, disbursing officer, editors, publication 
and business manager, circulation manager of the Woman's Division, and the secretaries 
and editor of the Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation 
shall be members without vote. 

It shall be the duty of this committee to study and recommend the financial 
policies of the division, to keep informed with regard to its investments, and to 
recommend plans for increasing the income. It shall receive the estimates for the 
various lines of work of the division and make recommendations for appropriations 
to the Woman's Division. 

There shall be elected from the membership of the Committee on Finance and 
Estimates a Committee on Treasury, to consist of three members. This committee 
shall act as an advisory committee of the treasurer's office. It shall study the audits 
and the functions of the office, and present recommendations concerning the same to 
the Committee on Finance and Estimates. 

Section 9. There shall be a standing Committee on Permanent Funds and In- 
vestments, consisting of six members, two of whom shall be the treasurer and the 
chairman of the standing Committee on Finance and Estimates. Four members 
shall be nominated by the Committee on Finance and Estimates from its membership 
and elected by the Woman's Division. In addition, the committee shall coopt from 
three to five persons who, by training, experience, and ability are qualified for service 
in investment and trust fund matters. Such coopted members shall be approved 
annually by the Woman's Division or its executive committee. 

This committee shall make recommendations to the treasurer for the inve.stment 
of the money entrusted to her care. In an emergency the treasurer may act in con- 
sultation with three members of the committee designated by the committee. 

It shall be the duty of this committee to meet and review quarterly the invest- 
ments of the division. Other meetings may be held at the call of the treasurer or of 
three members of the committee. This committee shall report regularly to the 
executive committee and annually to the Woman's Division. 

Section 10. There shall be a standing Committee on the World Federation of 
Methodist Women, composed of the vice-president of the Woman's Division, who 
shall serve as chairman; the vice-presidents who are chairmen of the departments of 
the division; four secretaries of the Section of Education and Cultivation, one of 
whom shall be the secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild and one the associate 
secretary of Children's Work; the women editors; the chairman of the Committee 
on the Status of Women; the vice-president of each jurisdiction; any general officers 
of the Federation resident in this country; and such other members as may be needed. 
The jurisdiction representatives on the standing committee are, by virtue of their 
membership on this standing committee, members of the International Council of the 
World Federation of Methodist Women. 

The full committee shall meet twice during the quadrennium. 

This committee shall keep in touch with the officers of the World Federation and 
with the other units affiliated through the Federation; it shall keep the other units 



By-Laws 247 

iuformed as to the work of the Woman's Division, and keep the division in touch 
with the work of Methodist women of other lands. Under general direction of the 
Federation it shall collect and compile historical data of its own constituency as val- 
uable contributions to the cxjiansion of the enterprise on the part of Methodist women. 
The committee shall propose to the Committee on Literature and Publications such 
hterature as it may need. It shall recommend annually to the standing Committee 
on Finance and Estimates such amount as it deems its ecjuitable and necessary share 
for the work of the Federation. All plans and projects of the committee shall be 
subject to the approval of tiio di\ision, to which the committee shall make annual 
report. 

Section 11. There shall be a standing Committee on Missionary Personnel of the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service. The committee shall be composed of the 
women members from the Joint Committee on Missionary Personnel of the Board 
of Mis.sions, the six jurisdiction secretaries of Missionary Personnel, and the women 
secretaries of the Joint Committee on Missionary Personnel. I'^xecutive secretaries 
of fields and bureaus, secretaries of Youth Work, Student Work, Wcsleyan Service 
Guild, and the editor responsible for the literature of the committee shall be members 
ex officio. 

The duties of the committee shall be to aid the conference secretaries of Mis- 
sionary Personnel, by keeping them supplied with literature approved by the Joint 
Committee on Missionary Personnel regarding missionary sei-vice, and by inform- 
ing them of the types of workers needed on the field and the standards for 
candidates laid down by the Joint Committee on Missionary Personnel; to recom- 
mend to the Joint Committee on Missionarj^ Personnel of the Board of Missions ways 
and means by which personnel work may be made more effective. This committee 
shall meet annually. 

Those members of the division committee who are members of each of the Home 
and Foreign Departments shall constitute the committees of the departments on Mis- 
sionary Personnel. These committees shall give special consideration to the personnel 
needs of the departments. 

Section 12. There shall be a standing Committee on Library Service, composed of 
five members: a chairman elected by the Woman's Division of Christian Service, two 
other members of the Woman's Division, and a representative of the staff of the 
Department of Work in Foreign Fields and a representative of the staff of the De- 
partment of Work in Home Fields. The editor responsible for the literature of the 
committee shall be a member ex officio. It shall be the duty of this committee to study 
the need for books and periodicals in institutions and stations of the division, abroad 
and at home, and to devise means and methods for supplying this need. This com- 
mittee shall meet annually. 

Section 13. There shall be a standing committee on Status of Women which 
shall meet biennially, composed of the chairman, one Woman's Division member 
from each jvn'isdiction, the vice-president of the Woman's Division, a secretary from 
each of the three departments and the Woman's Section, the secretary of the Wes- 
leyan Service Guild, the chairman of the Committee on Status of Women of the 
Guild, one editor, and the six jurisdiction secretaries of Status of Women. 

It shall be the duty of the committee to gather and study pertinent information 
about the life and work of women in church and community in the United States and 
other lands. The committee shall make use of all studies and resources related to the 
status of women made available through the World Council of Churches and the 
United Nations. 

This committee shall also be responsible for planning and recommending to the 
Woman's Division a program for jurisdiction, conference, district, and local commit- 
tees on Status of Women. Such a program shall relate to the status of women in the 
lije and work of the Church with special emphasis on The Methodist Church and to 
the opportunities open to women for service in the community or nation by election 
or appointment. 

The chairman shall bring reports and recommendations to the Woman's Division 
from the standing committee. Recommendations of special concern to departments 
or other lines of work of the Woman's Division shall be referred by the Woman's 
Division to the respective department or line of work for implementation. 

The chairman shall be a member of the standing Committee on the World Fed- 
eration of Methodist Women. 



248 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Section 14- There shall be a standing Committee on Supply Work, composed of 
the chairman of the committee, elected by the division, one member each from the 
Department of Work in Foreign Fields and the Department of Work in Home Fields 
who are members of the executive committee of the Woman's Division, the chairman 
of the Committee on Supply Work of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan 
Service Guild, and the jurisdiction secretaries of Supply Work. Others may be coopted 
as members as the need arises. Regular reports sliall be made by the proper persons 
to the division and its executive committee and to the Departments of Work in 
Home and Foreign Fields. 

This committee shall meet biennially at the time of an annual or executive com- 
mittee meeting of the division. 

Section 16. There shall be a standing Committee on Constitution and By-laws, 
whose members shall be recommended by the standing Committee on Nominations 
for election by the division at the Quadrennial Meeting. Proposed amendments 
shall be cleared through the Woman's Division or its executive committee and 
referred to the Committee on Constitution and By-laws not later than forty days 
before the Annual Meeting of the division. This committee shall send all amend- 
ments referred to it by the executive committee to the members of the division 
at least thirty days before the Annual Meeting of the division. 

Section 16. There shall be a standing Committee on Nominations composed of the 
vice-president and two members appointed at the Quadrennial Meeting by each of 
the departments of the division, and by the Woman's Section of the Joint Section of 
Education and Cultivation. At the Quadrennial Meeting for organization, this com- 
mittee shall make recommendations for nominations for the chairmen and members 
of the standing committees of the division. 

Annually, this committee shall nominate representatives of the division to serve 
on the standing committees of the board; annually, except at the Quadrennial Meeting 
for organization, this committee shall nominate those officers or secretaries and associ- 
ates or assistants who are to be elected annually by the division or board. 

This committee shall receive all nominations of persons to be considered for 
election by the Woman's Division of Christian Service and for nomination by the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service to the Board of Missions of The Methodist 
Church, and shall make final nominations to the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

This committee shall make recommendations for nominations for vacancies which 
may occur ad interim, unless otherwise provided. 

Section 17. There shall be a standing Committee on Policy, composed of the 
president, the vice-president, the recording secretary, the chairmen of the three 
departments, one representative from each of the departments appointed by the 
departments, and the chairman of the Section of Education and Cultivation, and one 
representative from the section, appointed by the section, the chairman of the stand- 
ing Committee on Finance and Estimates, and three members of the staff without 
vote, one of whom shall be the treasurer of the division. 

The committee shall formulate and recommend to the division for action policies 
on subjects referred to it by the division and committees of the division. 

The committee may also initiate and recommend to the division for action policies 
that concern the work of the division as a whole, for the formulation of which no 
provision has been made. 

The committee may recommend for action by the division changes in existing 
policies that affect the work of the division as a whole. 

The committee may act in an advisory capacity on questions of procedure for 
the division or its component parts, without official action or report until a policy 
on said procedure has been determined and voted. 

Section 18. There shall be a standing Committee on Salaries of four members, 
composed of the two representatives of the Woman's Division on the Committee 
on Salaries of the board and two others from the membership of the standing Com- 
mittee on Finance and Estimates of the division. 

This committee shall be responsible for studying and recommending to the division 
through the Committee on Finance and Estimates the standards of salaries and the 
salaries for all salaried persons of the division elected by the board or the division. 

Section 19. There shall be a standing Committee on Pensions of eight members, 
composed of the two representatives of the division on the Committee on Pensions 
of the board, the secretary of the Commission on Deaconess Work, the treasurer, the 



By-Laws 249 

assistant treasurers, the disbursing officer of the division, and a member of the staff 
of the Department of Work in Foreign Fields. 

The duty of the Committee on Pensions sliall be to study problems and make 
recommendations to the Woman's Division concerning the pension plan of the 
Woman's Division for missionaries and deaconesses; to make presentations concern- 
ing pensions for home office workers to the Committee on Pensions of the board; 
and to study problems that may arise concerning payments to retired workers of the 
merging corporations, if referred by the Woman's Division. 

Section BO. There shall be a standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild, 
composed of the secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild, six members of the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service, six jurisdiction secretaries of the Wesleyan Service Guild, 
and six other Guild members who are especally qualified to work in this field. The 
treasurer of the Woman's Division of Christian Service, the executive secretary of the 
Section of Education and Cultivation and the editor responsible for the literature of 
tbe- Wesleyan Service Guild shall be members ex officio of the standing committee. 

• -' Section 21. Special Committees of the Division. There shall be a Committee on 
the Annual Meeting of the Division, a Committee on the Annual Report, and a 
Committee on the Week of Prayer and Self-Denial. 

1. The Committee on the Annual Meeting of the Division shall be composed of 
the president, the vice-president, the recording secretary, in consultation with the 
chairmen of the three departments and the chairman of the Section of Education and 
Cultivation. The president shall be the chairman of the committee. 

This committee shall be responsible for setting up the schedule and program for 
the Annual Meeting of the division. 

2. The Committee on the Annual Report shall be composed of the president, the 
recording secretary, the chairmen of the three departments, the chairman of the 
section, the executive secretary of the section, the editor of The Methodist Woman, 
the publication and business manager and the circulation manager. The recording 
secretary shall be the chairman of the committee. 

This committee shall recommend annually to the division the size, content, 
format, and price of the Annual Report of the division. 

3. The Committee on the Week of Prayer and Self-Denial shall be composed 
quadrennially of two representatives from the Department of Work in Foreign Fields, 
two representatives from the Department of Work in Home Fields and the editor of 
literature. 

This committee shall receive from the two administrative departments recom- 
mendations of projects to be the objectives of the Week of Prayer and Self-Denial 
offering to be received in the fall following ^e next fiscal year. From this list the 
committee shall recommend to the division at the Annual Meeting for approval the 
projects to be the objectives of such offering. 

Article VIII. — Suspension 

The preceding by-laws may be suspended at any Annual Meeting of the division at 
which a quorum is present, by a two-thirds vote of the members present and voting, or in 
the interim between Annual Meetings by the executive committee at which a quorum 
is present, by a three-fourths vote of the members present and voting. 

Article IX. — Amendments 

Amendments to these by-laws may be made by majority vote at any Annual Meet- 
ing of the division, provided a thirty-days' notice is given in writing to all members 
of the division by the executive committee or by the standing Committee on Con- 
stitution and By-laws of the division. 

By-laws of the Departments of the Woman's Division 

The Departments of Work in Foreign and Home Fields 

Article I. — Membership 

The departments shall be composed of the chairmen elected by the division, the 
members of the Woman's Division of Christian Service designated to the departments 
at the Quadrennial Meeting, and the executive secretaries of the respective depart- 
ments. The president of the Woman's Division of Christian Service, the treasurer, 



250 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

an assistant treasurer, and a secretary of the Joint Committee on Missionary Personnel 
are members. 

Article II. — Meetings 

Section 1. The annual meeting of a department shall be held in connection with 
the Annual Meeting of the Woman's Division. 

Section g. In case of special need, other meetings may be called by the chairman 
and the executive secretaries of the department upon ten-days' notice. 

Section S. The agenda for the annual meeting of the department shall be prepared 
by its chairman and recording secretary, in consultation with its executive secretaries. 

Article III. — Duties 

Section 1. Each department shall administer and be responsible to the Woman'i 
Division for the work allocated to it by the division. It shall receive for considera- 
tion and action any recommendations from the members and the committees of the 
department and the report and recommendations of the executive secretaries. 

Section 8. The department shall make recommendation to the Committee on 
Nominations of the Woman's Division in case of vacancy among the executive secre- 
taries. 

Section S. Quadrennially the department shall appoint two members of the de- 
partment for membership on the standing Committee on Nominations of the division. 

Section 4- Each department shall present an annual report to the Woman's 
Division. 

Article IV. — Officers 

Section 1. The vice-president of the Woman's Division, who is chairman of the 
department, shall preside at all meetings of the department, of its executive com- 
mittee and of its administrative committee, and shall perform the duties usually 
required of this officer. She shall familiarize herself with the work of the department 
and assist in the planning and the correlation of the work of the department. She 
shall be a member ex officio of all department committees. She shall be a member 
of the standing Committee on the World Federation of Methodist Women. In the 
absence of the chairman, the department shall choose a chairman "pro tern. 

The chairman of the department, as vice-president of the division, in the absence 
of the president and the vice-president of the division, may assume the duties of the 
presiding officer of the division. 

Section 2. There shall be a recording secretary of the department who shall record 
and file all minutes of the department, of the executive committee, and of the ad- 
ministrative committee. 

Article V. — Committee 

Section 1. There shall be an executive committee, composed of those members 
of the executive committee of the division who are members of the department. 
The executive committee shall hold meetings at the time of the meetings of the 
executive committee of the division. It shall act ad interim for the department. 

Section t. There shall be an administrative committee of the department, com- 
posed of the chairman, the recording secretary, and four other members from the 
executive committee, elected by the department, and the executive secretaries. This 
committee shall meet at stated intervals or at the call of the chairman, in consultation 
with the executive secretaries, and shall act ad interim for the executive committee. 

Section 3. There shall be a Committee ou Finance and Estimates, composed of 
the chairman and the recording secretary and those members of the department wlio 
are members of the standing Committee on Finance and Estimates of the division. 
It shall consider the field appropriations submitted by the executive secretaries, and 
make recommendations to the department. It shall also make recommendations as to 
appropriations for cooperative committees and projects and for the administration of 
the department. It shall do such other work as the need may require. 

Section 4- There shall be foreign and home field committees, whose duties shall 
be to advise with the executive secretaries on all matters pertaining to their fields. 



By-Laws 251 

They shall study and be familiar with all facts, problems, and conditions relating to 
their particular fields. These committees shall be elected by their respective depart- 
ments. 

Section 5. (1) There shall be a standing Committee of the Department of Work 
in Foreign Fields, composed of the chairman, the executive secretaries of the depart- 
ment, the secretaries of foreign work in the jurisdictions, and such members of the 
division as may be appointed by the department. 

(2) There shall be a standing Committee of the Department of Work in Home 
Fields, composed of the chairman, the executive secretaries of the department, the 
secretaries of home work in the jurisdictions, and such members of the division as 
may be appointed by the department. 

(3) The executive secretary and the secretary of Missionary Education of the 
Section of Education and Cultivation shall be members ex officio of these committees. 

(4) These committees shall meet annually. The chairman of the department 
shall be the chairman of the standing committee of the department. 

(5) Each standing committee shall study the work of its respective department, 
keep informed on world and national movements affecting missions, and share in the 
promotion of the entire missionary enterprise. 

Section 6. (1) There shall be an Interdivision Committee on Work in Foreign 
Fields with equal representation from the Division of World Missions and the Depart- 
ment of W'ork in Foreign Fields of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

(2) There shall be an Interdivision Committee on Work in Home Fields with equal 
representation from the Division of National Missions and the Department of Work 
in Home Fields of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

(3) The members representing the Woman's Division on these committees shall be 
nominated at the Quadrennial Meeting and at each succeeding Annual Meeting through 
the standing Committee on Nominations of the division for election by the division. 

Section 7. The policy with reference to voting by members of the staff shall be 
that adopted by the division. 

The Department of Christian Social Relations 
and Local Church Activities 

Article I. — Membership 

The department shall be composed of the chairman, elected by the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service, the members of the division designated to the depart- 
ment, and the secretaries of the department. 

The president and the vice-presidents of the division, other than the chairman of 
this department, shall be members ex officio. 

The secretaries of the Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Culti- 
vation, the editors, the executive secretaries of the administrative departments, the 
chairman of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild, may be mem- 
bers and serve as consultants. 

Article II. — Meetings 

Section 1. The annual meeting of the department shall be held in connection with 
the Annual Meeting of the Woman's Division. 

Section 2. In case of special need, other meetings of the department may be called 
by the chairman of the department, in consultation with the executive secretarj^, upon 
ten-days' notice. 

Section 3. The agenda for the annual meetings of the department shall be pre- 
pared by the chairman of the department and the secretaries. 

Article III. — Duties 

Section 1. The Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Ac- 
tivities shall supervise and promote the work of the division along the lines of com- 
munity service and social relations. It shall seek to make real and effective the teach- 
ings of Jesus as applied to individual, group, racial, and world relationships It shall 
endeavor to enlist the participation of church women in such questions as have a moral 
or religious significance or an important bearing on public welfare. It shall seek to 



252 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

increase throughout the constituency an understanding of the fullest meaning of 
citizenship and the more effective use of the ballot by all citizens, in building world 
order, as well as in promotion of legislation for social welfare both national and 
international. The department shall be responsible for promoting study and action 
related to such concerns of Christians as the economic, social, and moral well being 
of people in family and community, racial and cultural relations, alcoholic beverages 
and narcotic drugs, and world peace and security among all peoples. The department 
shall recommend ways of cooperating with other agencies with similar concern in the 
community, and initiate plans for recruiting and training church women for volunteer 
service in local church and community activities. It shall seek to inspire in the women 
of the local church a greater devotion to and concern for the total life and work of 
the local church. It shall seek to cooperate with the other agencies of the church 
having similar purpose, endeavoring to develop Christian fellowship, and to deepen 
concern for the total responsibilities of the church. 

Section 2. The department shall receive reports from the secretaries and recom- 
mend policies for the department to the Woman's Division. 

Section S. The department shall make recommendations to the Woman's Division 
for such workers in the department as may be essential for the supervision and pro- 
motion of the work of this department. 

Section 4- The department shall make recommendations to the Committee on 
Nominations of the Woman's Division when a vacancy occurs in the offices of the 
secretaries, or among the chairmen of the committees of the department elected by 
the division. 

Section 6. Quadrennially the department shall appoint two members of the de- 
partment for membership on the standing Committee on Nominations of the division. 

Section 6. The department shall make regular reports to the Woman's Division 
and its executive committee. 

Article IV. — Officers 

Section 1. The vice-president of the Woman's Division, who is chairman of the 
department, shall preside at all meetings of the department, of its executive com- 
mittee, and of the standing committee, and shall perform the duties usually required 
of this officer. She shall famiharize nerself with the work of the department and 
assist in the planning and the correlation of the work of the department. She shall 
be a member ex officio of all department committees. She shall be a member of the 
standing Committee on the World Federation of Methodist Women. In the absence 
of the chairman, the department shall choose a chairman -pro tern. 

The chairman of the department, as vice-president of the division, in the absence 
of the president and the vice-president of the division, may assume the duties of the 
presiding officer of the division. 

Section 2. There shall be a recording secretary of the department who shall 
record and file all minutes of the department, of the standing committee, and of the 
executive committee. 

Article V. — Committees 

Section 1. There shall be a standing Committee on Christian Social Relations 
and Local Church Activities, composed of the secretaries and the chairman of the 
department, the recording secretary of the department, the chairmen of the com- 
mittees, the six jurisdiction secretaries of Christian Social Relations and Local 
Church Activities, and the chairman of the Committee on Christian Social Relations 
and Local Church Activities of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild. 

The president, vice-presidents of the division other than the chairman of this 
department, shall be members ex officio. The secretaries of the Woman's Section of 
the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation, the editors, the executive secretaries of 
the administrative departmens, and chairman of the standing Committee of the 
Wesleyan Service Guild may be members. 

Section 2. The duties of the committee shall be to promote plans for, the cultiva- 
tion of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities; to assist in the de- 
velopment of lines of research, study, and activities of the committees of the depart- 
ment; to recommend additional committees as need arises; to recognize the freedom 
of jurisdiction or conference to choose annually from the department program their 



By-Laws 253 

lines of work; to aid in harmonizing and organizing the results of the work for presen- 
tation to the Woman's Division of Christian Service. The committee shall be con- 
cerned also with the response of the local society to the spiritual, educational, social, 
and financial needs of the local church; it sliall emphasize the basic religious attitudes 
and objectives which underlie the work and which are indispensable to the realization 
of Christian social relations. 

Section 3. The standing committee of the department shall meet annually at the 
time of the Annual Meeting of the division, with special meetings called by the depart- 
ment chairman and the executive secretary when necessary. 

Section 4- The members of the executive committee of the Woman's Division 
who are members of the department, with the secretaries shall constitute an executive 
committee of the department. The executive committee shall meet at the time of 
the executive committee meetings of the division. If need arises, special meetings 
may be called by the chairman and the executive secretary of the department. Addi- 
tional members of the standing committee specially related to the situation under 
consideration may be called in for regular or special executive committee meetings 
at the discretion of the chairman and the executive secretary. 

Section 5. There shall be a Committee on Finance and Estimates, composed of 
those members of the department who are members of the standing Committee on 
Finance and Estimates of the Woman's Division. 

In cooperation with the secretaries, the committee shall study the financial needs 
of the department and make recommendations to the department. It shall do such 
other work as the need may require. 

Section 6. The department shall recommend to the Woman's Division at the 
last meeting of each quadrennium those committees that may be needed to guide the 
department in the promotion of special emphases of the ensuing quadrennial program. 
All members of the department shall be assigned each quadrennium to these com- 
mittees, with the chairmen nominated at the organizational meeting by the department 
to the division for election. Special consultants may be selected each quadrennium to 
serve as resource members of the committees. These committees shall meet annually. 

Article VI. — Suspension 

The preceding by-laws may be suspended at any Annual Meeting of the division at 
which a quorum is present, by a two-thirds vote of the members present and voting, or 
in the interim between Annual Meetings, by the executive committee of the division 
at which a quorum is present, by a three-fourths vote of the members present and voting. 

Article VII. — Amendments 

Amendments to the by-laws of the departments may be made at any Annual 
Meeting of the division, provided a thirty days' notice is given in writing to all 
members of the division by the executive committre or by the standing Committee 
on Constitution and By-laws of the division. 

By-laws of the Wesleyan Service Guild 

Article I. — Name and Purpose 

Within the Woman's Division of Christian Service there shall be a Wesleyan 
Service Guild whose purpose shall be to provide a channel through which employed 
women may participate in the program of the Woman's Division of Christian Service, 
a program offering spiritual enrichment. Christian fellowship, and the opportunity to 
take an active part in developing a world Christian community. 

Article II. — Authority 

General supervision of the work of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall be vested 
in a standing committee of the Woman's Division of Christian Service composed of 
the secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild, six members of the Woman's Division of 
Christian Service, six jurisdiction secretaries of the Wesleyan Service Guild, and six 
other Guild members who are especially qualified to work in this field. The treasurer 
of the Woman's Division of Christian Service, the executive secretary of the Section 
of Education and Cultivation and the editor responsible for the literature of the 
Wesleyan Service Guild shall be members ex officio of the standing committee. 



254 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Article III. — Meetings 

Section 1. There shall be an annual meeting of the standing Committee of the 
Wesleyan Service Guild held in connection with the Annual Meeting of the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service. 

Section 2. Other meetings of the standing committee shall be held at the call 
of the chaiiTnan or of five members of the standing committee at such times as are 
necessary or desirable to carry on the work of the Guild. 

Article IV. — Officers and Their Duties 

Section 1. There shall be the following officers of the standing Committee of the 
Wesleyan Service Guild : a chairman, a vice-chairman, a recording secretary, a secre- 
tary of Promotion, and such other officers as the development of the organization 
may require. 

The officers of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall bear 
such responsibilities and perform such duties as usually appertain to such officers. 
The vice-chairman shall be chairman of the Committee on Program. 

Section 2. There shall be a secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service and such additional staff members as may be required. 

Section 3. The secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild and her staff shall pro- 
mote the organization and work of the We.sleyan Service Guild through the standing 
Committee of the Guild and through jurisdiction, conference, and district committees 
and secretaries. She shall cooperate in such adaptations of materials of the Committee 
on Literature and Publications of the division as seem desirable. 

She shall be a member of the standing Committees on Status of Women and on 
World Federation of Methodist Women of the division, of the standing committee of the 
Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities, and of the 
enlarged staff of the section. She shall be a member ex officio of the standing Com- 
mittees on Finance and Estimates, on Literature and Publications, and on Missionary 
Personnel of the division. 

She, or someone designated by her, shall represent the Woman's Division in organi- 
zations and movements touching the interests of employed women. She shall keep 
before the division the needs and interests of employed women in their relationship 
to the ongoing program of the Christian church. She shall make regular reports to the 
division and its executive committee. 

Article V. — Committees 

Section 1. There shall be the following committers in the standing Committee 
of the Wesleyan Service Guild : a Committee on Spiritual Life, a Committee on Mis- 
sionary Education and Service, a Committee on Christian Social Relations and Local 
Church Activities, a Committee on Status of Women, a Committee on Supply Work, 
and a Committee on Program. 

Section 2. There shall be an executive committee of the standing committee com- 
posed of the following members: the chairman of the standing committee, the vice- 
chairman, the recording secretary, and the secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild. 
Other members may be coopted as the need arises. 

The executive committee shall meet on call of the chairman in consultation with 
the secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division. 

Section 3. The Committee on Program shall be composed of the vice-chairman 
and chairmen of committees of the standing Committee of the Guild. 

Section 4- There also shall be a Committee on Nominations whose duty it shall 
be to present nominations of members at large of the standing Committee of the Wes- 
leyan Service Guild. 

Section 5. Other committees may be added as the work demands. 

Article VI. — Elections 

Section 1. The members of the standing committee shall be elected quadrennially 
as follows : 

(1) Six members of the Woman's Division elected by the division at the organiza- 
tion meeting with due representation from the departments of the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service. 



By-Laws 255 

(2) Six jurisdiction Guild socrctaries elected at the jurisdiction Guild meetings. 

(3) Six representatives at large who are members of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
especially qualified to work in this field, elected by the members of the Woman's Divi- 
sion on the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild and the six jurisdiction 
Guild secretaries. 

(4) There shall be members ex officio as indicated in Article 2. 

Section 2. The secretary of the Wcslej'an Service Guild of the Woman's Division 
shall be elected annually by the Board of Missions. The standing Committee of the 
Guild may recommend the nominee. 

Section 3. The officers of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
with the exception of the chairman sliall be nominated and elected by ballot at the 
quadrennial meeting of the Guild. These officers .shall be eligible for re-election to the 
same office for one additional term. 

Akticle VII. — Funds 

Section 1. The fiscal year of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall correspond to the 
fiscal year of the Woman's Division and the Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Section 2. The funds of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall be administered by the 
treasurer of the Woman's Division of Christian Service, according to the constitution 
and by-laws of the division. 

Article VIII. — Amendments 

Proposed amendments to all by-laws may be made at any Annual Meeting of the 
Woman's Division, provided a thirty days' notice is given in writing to all members of 
the division by the executive committee of the division or by the standing Committee 
on Constitution and By-laws of the division. Proposed amendments to the by-laws 
of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall be sent to the standing Committee of the Wes- 
leyan Service Guild in time for presentation to the September meeting of the executive 
committee of the division. 



By-laws of the Commission on Deaconess Work 

Article I. — Members 

Section 1. The membership of the commission shall follow the pattern described 
in the 1952 Discipline, Par. 1252, Sec. 3. 

Section 2. Voting members of the commission shall serve for a term of four 
years and may serve not more than two terms in succession. 

Section 3. The personnel secretary of the Board of Missions shall be that secre- 
tary who has the major responsibility for the recruitment of deaconesses. 

Section 4- The executive secretaries of the Department of Work in Home Fields 
of the Woman's Division of Christian Service shall be coopted to serve on the com- 
mission with the privilege of the floor without vote. 

Section 5. When a regular member of the commission is unable to attend the 
annual meeting of the commission, an alternate for that member may be named by 
the organization to be represented at the meeting. 

Section 6. The secretaries of Home Work of the Jurisdiction Woman's Societies 
of Christian Service shall be invited to attend meetings of the commission and in the 
absence of a president of a Jurisdiction Society the secretary of Home Work of that 
jurisdiction shall serve as alternate. 

Article II. — Officers 

Section 1. The officers shall be a chairman, a vice-chairman, and a recording 
secretary. 

Section 2. The_ bishop appointed by the Council of Bishops shall serve as chair- 
man of the commission. 

Section 3. A vice-chairman shall be elected by the commission who shall act in 
the absence of the chairman. 



256 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Section 4- The recording secretary shall keep the records of the meetings of the 
commission and of the executive committee and perform such other duties as may be 
assigned by the commission. 

Section 5. The executive secretary shall administer the work of the commission 
and such other functions as may be assigned to her by the Department of Work in 
Home Fields of the Woman's Division; shall prepare the agenda for the annual meet- 
ing and see that its recommendations are fulfilled; shall recommend plans of work; 
shall conduct the business of the commission; and shall make an annual report to the 
commission. 

Article III. — Meetings 

Section 1. The commission shall meet annually and may meet on call of the chair- 
man and the executive secretary. 

Section 2. A majority of the members shall constitute a quorum. 

Article IV. — Functions 

Section 1. The commission shall make plans for the enrichment of life of deacon- 
esses, recommending techniques for attaining spiritual and mental maturity, physical 
and professional fitness, emotional stability, and social adjustment. 

Section 2. It shall promote and interpret the program of deaconess work through- 
out the church to enable the office of deaconess to grow into the fullness of its stature. 

Section 3. It shall seek to discover new fields of service and new approaches to 
meet the needs of the present day. 

Section 4- It shall seek to activate and strengthen the work of the Annual Con- 
ference Deaconess Boards. 

Section 6. It shall recommend to the Woman's Division of Christian Service poli- 
cies and procedures regarding the deaconesses, their work and relationships. 

Section 6. It shall approve all material which is to be published for the promo- 
tion of deaconess work. 

Article V. — Committees 

Section 1. The commission may create such committees as the work may demand. 

Section 2. There shall be an executive committee composed of the officers of the 
commission and the presidents of the Jurisdiction Deaconess Associations to act for 
the Commission ad interim, a committee on nominations and a committee on by-laws. 

Section 3. There shall be a committee, appointed by the Department of Work in 
Home Fields, who shall serve in an advisory relation to the executive secretary of the 
commission. 

Article VI. — Rules of Order 

Section 1. The rules contained in Robert's Rules of Order shall govern the com- 
mission in all cases to which they are applicable and in which they are not inconsistent 
with the constitution and by-laws of the commission. 

Section 2. Proposed amendments to these by-laws may be made, on the recom- 
mendation of the Commission on Deaconess Work to the Woman's Division, by a ma- 
jority vote, at any annual meeting of the division, provided a thirty-days' notice is 
given in writing to all members of the division by the executive committee of the 
division or by the standing Committee on Constitution and By-laws of the division. 
Such changes must be in the hands of the executive committee of the Woman's Division 
by the September meeting. 

By-laws of the Assembly 

Article I.— N.ame 

The national meeting of the Woman's Society of Christian Service of The Meth- 
odist Church shall be called the Assembly. 

Article II. — Purpose 

The purpose shall be to provide a means whereby groups of Methodist wornen 
from all areas of the church may achieve essential unity in worship and in the sharing 
of information, plans, and methods of work. 



By-Laws 257 

Akticle III. — Membership 

Section 1. Voting members. The officers and members of the Woman's Division 
of Christian Service, six officers of each Jurisdiction Woman's Society, the president and 
one other officer of each Conference Woman's Society, one Wesleyan Service Guild 
representative from each conference, one delegate from each district, and such other 
persons as the division may determine shall constitute the voting membership. 

Section 2. Distinguished guests, missionaries, officers, and secretaries of the other 
divisions of the Board of Missions, representatives of other Methodist boards and of 
interdenominational or cooperating agencies may be seated and granted the privileges 
of the floor without vote. 

Article IV. — Meetings 

The Assembly shall meet quadrennially at such time and place as the division may 
designate. Adequate appropriation for the Assembly meeting shall be made by the 
division. 

There shall be a quadrennial meeting of the Wesleyan Service Guild held in con- 
nection with the Assembly of the Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Article V. — Officers 

The president, vice-president, recording secretary, and treasurer of the division 
shall serve the Assembly as its general officers. 

Article VI. — Duties of Officers 

The officers of the Assembly shall bear such responsibilities and perform such 
duties as usually appertain to such officers. The recording secretary shall be a member 
of the program committee and shall see that printed copies are sent to speakers and 
officers of the division and jurisdictions two weeks before the meeting. She shall 
keep a record of all proceedings of the Assembly and shall have such record included 
in the Annual Report of the division as the division may determine. Assistant secre- 
taries may be elected by the Assembly to serve during the session. 

The treasurer shall receive and disburse funds for expenses of the Assembly in 
accord with appropriations and the direction of the division. 

Article VII. — Committees 

There shall be the following committees and such others as the Assembly may 
require. 

Section 1. Committees appointed by the division. 

(1) Committee on Arrangements, to provide a suitable place for the Assembly 
meeting and to be responsible through subcommittees for credentials, transportation, 
and local arrangements. 

(2) Program Committee, to prepare an informing and inspiring program which 
shall include reports of the work of the departments of the division, of its standing 
committees, of its research commissions, and the activities of the jurisdiction. 

(3) Budget Committee, composed of the chairmen of the Committees on Arrange- 
ments and on Program, and three members of the standing Committee on Finance 
and Estimates of the division. 

(4) Committee on Publicity, consisting of the women editors and appointed re- 
porters. This committee shall provide preliminary announcements to the church and 
secular press, report the proceedings of the Assembly, and be responsible for an 
Assembly bulletin. 

(5) Committee of Reference, to which may be referred memorials, resolutions, re- 
ports, or any controversial matters before final action by the Assembly. 

Article VIII. — Commissions 

Research and study commissions, in harmony with the purpose of the Assembly 
as set fortli in tlio const itui ion, may be appointed to serve for four years, full reports 
to be made to the Assemblv. 



258 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Article IX. — Amendments 

Amendments to these by-laws may be made by marjority vote at any Annual 
Meeting of the division, provided a thirty days' notice has been given in writing to 
all members of the division by the executive committee or by the standing Committee 
on Constitution and By-laws of the division. 



By-laws of the 
Jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service 

Article I. — Officers 

Section 1. The president shall preside at all meetings of the Jurisdiction Woman's 
Society and of the executive committee. She shall actively promote all phases of 
the work. She shall be a member ex officio of all committees. She shall sign orders 
for the disbursement of jurisdiction funds. She shall be one of the membcrs-at-large 
of the Woman's Division of Christian Service and of the Board of Missions. She shall 
be a member of such cooperative boards and committees as the Discipline provides. 

Section 2. The vice-president shall assist actively in promoting the interests of 
the work and, in the absence of the president, shall assume the duties of that office. 

She shall be responsible for assisting in promoting plans and methods for the 
use and development of the monthly program materials as related to the duties of 
the program committee in the local society. She shall be a member of the standing 
Committee on the World Federation of Methodist Women. She shall cooperate as 
directed by the vice-president of the division in the presenting of information on_ the 
World Federation of Methodist Women. She shall be a member of the Committee 
on Schools of Missions and Christian Service in the jurisdiction. 

She shall receive quarterly and annual reports from the vice-presidents of the 
Conference Woman's Societies of Christian Service and report quarterly and annually 
to the vice-president of the division. 

Section 3. The recording secretary shall keep a permanent record of all meetings 
of the society and of the executive committee. She shall send minutes of executive 
committee meetings to each officer. She shall send to the members notices of all 
regular and special meetings of the jurisdiction society and of the executive com- 
mittee. She shall present the recommendations of the executive committee to the 
society and notify all committees of their appointments. She shall perform such other 
duties as may be assigned to this office. 

Section 4- The treasurer shall receive the funds which conferences have desig- 
nated for jurisdiction cultivation and expenses, and such other funds given for that 
purpose, including offerings taken at jurisdiction meetings. She shall disburse these 
funds upon the written order of the president and the secretary of Promotion of the 
Jurisdiction Woman's Society. She shall send itemized statements of all funds to 
these officers and make an annual report to the Jurisdiction Woman's Society. Her 
books shall be audited annually. She shall be a member of the standing Committee 
of the Wesleyan Service Guild in the jurisdiction. She shall be responsible for pro- 
moting larger gifts, annuities and bequests in her jurisdiction. 

Section 5. There shall be a secretary of home work and a secretary of foreign 
work. These secretaries shall be the jurisdiction representatives on the corresponding 
standing committees of the Departments of Work in Home and Foreign Fields of 
the Woman's Division. 

They shall study the work and interpret the reports of these departments, keep 
informed on world and national movements affecting missions, and within the juris- 
diction shall share in the promotion of the entire missionary enterprise. They shall 
be members of the Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian Service in the 
jurisdiction. 

They shall be responsible as resource persons for assisting the secretary of Mis- 
sionary Education of the jurisdiction in bringing to the entire jurisdiction information 
concerning the work of the Departments of Work in Home and Foreign Fields. 



By-Laws 259 

Tliey shall keep the DcpaitinciUs of Work in Home and Foreign Fields of the 
Woman's Division informed as to ways in which the departments can assist in making 
the interest in their work more vital to the women of the jurisdiction. 

They shall be responsible for maintaining such contacts with the missionaries and 
with work sponsored by the conferences williin the jurisdiction as the Departments 
of Work in Home and Foreign Fields maj' deem advisable in order to increase the 
interest of the conferences in the work they are sponsoring. They shall receive annual 
reports from the conference secretaries of Missionary Education and Service. 

They shall report annually to the Jurisdiction Woman's Society. 

Section 6. The secretary of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 
shall promote the work of the department within the jurisdiction. She shall be 
chairman of the standing Committee on Christian Social Relations and Local Church 
Activities within the jurisdicton, and plan wth the committee the special lines of 
work to be emphasized. She shall cooperate with other organizations of the church 
and with other agencies working toward similar ends. She shall cooperate with the 
secretary of Missionary Education and the secretary of Spiritual Life in the planning 
and promotion of the total study program and the action following therefrom. She 
shall be a member of the Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian Service 
and the Committee on Finance in the jurisdiction. She shall receive quarterly and 
annual reports from the conference secretaries of Christian Social Relations and Local 
Church Activities and transmit them to the executive secretary of the department 
of the Woman's Division. She shall report annually to the Jurisdiction Woman's 
Society. She shall be a member of the standing committee of the Department of 
Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities within the division. 

Section 7. The secretary of Promotion shall promote, in cooperation with the con- 
ference secretaries of Promotion, the total program of the Woman's Society of Chris- 
tian Service. She shall supply them with plans and methods for the cultivation of 
the Woman's Societies and for the extension of the organization throughout the 
jurisdiction. In cooperation with the executive secretary of the Section of Educa- 
tion and Cultivation, she shall conduct workshops on organization and promotion 
to the end that a trained leadership may be developed in the conferences. In co- 
operation with the secretary of Field Cultivation of the Section of Education and 
Cultivation, and with the conference secretaries of Promotion, she shall plan 
itineraries of field workers, missionaries, and other speakers. She shall be responsible 
for giving information concerning the organization and its work. She shall, with the 
president, sign orders for the disbursement of jurisdiction funds. She shall receive 
quarterly and annual reports of the conference secretaries of Promotion and send an 
analysis to the executive secretary of the Section of Education and Cultivation. 
She shall report annually to the Jurisdiction Woman's Society. She shall be a member 
of the standing Committee on Finance, of the Committee on Schools of Missions 
and Christian Service in the jurisdiction, and of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan 
Service Guild in the jurisdiction. 

Section 8. The secretary of Missionary Education, in cooperation with the 
secretary of Missionary Education of the Section of Education and Cultivation, 
and with the secretaries of Missionary Education and Service in the conferences, 
shall direct study plans and promote study courses approved by the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service. She shall provide missionary information, develop 
interest in the support of missionary work, and make recommendations con- 
cerning the projects submitted to the jurisdiction by the secretaries of home and 
foreign work of the jurisdiction. She shall assist the secretary of Missionary Educa- 
tion of the Section of Education and Cultivation in planning such conferences, schools, 
and other meetings as will help develop missionary intelligence and a trained leader- 
ship in the jurisdiction. She shall be a member of the Committee on Schools of 
Missions and Christian Service in the jurisdiction, and of the Committee on Spiritual 
Life. She shall work in close cooperation with the secretary of Christian Social Re- 
lations and Local Church Activities and with the secretary of Spiritual Life in the 
promotion of study plans. She shall keep in touch with denominational and inter- 
denominational agencies engaged in missionary education. She shall receive quarterly 
and annual reports of the secretaries of Missionary Education and Service in the con- 
ferences and transmit them to the secretarj'- of Missionary Education of the Section 
of Education and Cultivation. She shall report annually to the Jurisdiction Woman's 
Society. 



260 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Section 9. The secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall serve as chairman of 
the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild in the jurisdiction and shall 
preside at the meetings of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild. She shall promote 
the work of the Wesleyan Service Guild within the jurisdiction. She shall receive 
reports from conference secretaries of the Wesleyan Service Guild; she shall report 
regularly to the Woman's Society of Christian Service of the jurisdiction and to the 
secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 
She shall be responsible for planning of meetings of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service 
Guild. She shall represent the Wesleyan Service Guild and present its interests at the 
meetings of the jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service, of which she shall 
be an officer. She shall attend as far as possible conference meetings of the Wesleyan 
Service Guild. She shall be a member of the executive committee of the jurisdiction 
Woman's Society of Christian Service, of the Committee on Schools of Missions and 
Christian Service, of the Committee on Finance, and of the Committee on Spiritual 
Life. She shall present a budget to the Committee on Finance. 

Section 10. There shall be a secretary of Student Work. She shall promote the 
work according to the plans and program approved by the Woman's Division. She shall 
report quarterly and annually to the division secretary of Student Work, and annually 
to the Jurisdiction Woman's Society. 

She shall cooperate wherever possible with the regional program of the Meth- 
odist Student Movement, with the regional counselor and regional chairman of the 
World Christian Community and on Christian Social Action. 

Section 11. The secretary of Youth Work shall promote the work according to 
the plans and program approved by the Woman's Division. She shall report annually 
to the Jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service. She shall receive quarterly 
and annual reports from the conference secretaries of Youth Work, and report quar- 
terly and annually to the secretary of Youth Work in the Woman's Section of the 
Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. 

Section 12. The secretary of Children's Work shall promote the work according 
to the plans and program approved by the Woman's Division. She shall receive quar- 
terly and annual reports of secretaries of Children's Work in the conferences and 
transmit them to the division secretary of Children's Work. She shall report annually 
to the Jurisdiction Woman's Society. 

Section 13. The secretary of Spiritual Life shall serve as chairman of the standing 
Committee on Spiritual Life, and, working through this committee, she shall promote 
the plans and program approved by the standing Committee on Spiritual Life of the 
Woman's Division. She shall be a member of the standing Committee on Spiritual Life 
of the division, and of the standing Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian 
Service of the jurisdiction. She shall receive the quarterly and annual reports of the 
secretaries of Spiritual Life in the conferences, and report to the chairman of the standing 
Committee on Spiritual Life of the Woman's Division. She shall report annually to the 
Jurisdiction Woman's Society. 

Section 14- The secretary of Literature and Publications shall make a careful study 
of all literature of the Woman's Division, including the program materials, and report 
concerning its suitability to meet the needs of Woman's Societies. She shall promote 
the circulation of The Methodist Woman and World Outlook in cooperation with the 
other responsible agencies of the church. She shall receive quarterly and annual reports 
of secretaries of Literature and Publications in the conferences and transmit them to 
the Editorial Board of the Woman's Division. She shall be a member of the Com- 
mittee on Schools of Missions and Christian Service in the jurisdiction. She shall 
report annually to the Jurisdiction Woman's Society. 

Section 15. The secretary of Supply Work shall be responsible for promoting 
interest in the sending of needed supplies to institutions and agencies in the home 
and foreign fields, under the supervision of the Woman's Division. She shall be a mem- 
ber of the standing Committee on Supply Work of the division. She shall send the 
plana and policies approved by the Woman's Division Committee on Supply Work 
to the conference secretaries of Supply Work, and report to the chairman of the stand- 
ing Committee on Supply Work of the Woman's Division. She shall report annually 
to the Jurisdiction Woman's Societj'. 

Section 16. The secretary of Status of Women shall promote the program on 
Status of Women as recommended by the Woman's Division. Such a program shall 



By-Laws 261 

relate to the status of women in the life and work of the church with special emphasis 
on The Methodist Church and to the opportunities open to women for service in 
community and nation either by election or appointment. 

She shall be a member of the standing committee of the Woman's Division, and 
promote the use of any special materials on Status of Women that may be recom- 
mended by the Woman's Division. 

She shall serve as chairman of the jurisdiction standing Committee on Status of 
Women, receive reports from the conference secretaries of Status of Women, and report 
quarterly to the chairman of the standing Committee on Status of Women in the 
Woman's Division. She shall report annually to the Jurisdiction Woman's Society 
of Christian Service. 

Section 17. The secretary of Missionary Personnel shall promote the work of 
recruiting and counseling prospective candidates for missionary and deaconess service. 
She shall be responsible for giving information to the conference secretaries of Mis- 
sionary Personnel concerning the need for workers, requirements for missionary and 
deaconess service, available scholarship aids, literature on missionary personnel, and 
educational institutions preferred for study. She shall receive reports from the con- 
ference secretaries of Missionary Personnel and report annually to the secretaries of 
Missionary Personnel of the Board of Missions. 

Article II. — Standing Committees 

Section 1. The Jurisdiction Woman's Society may provide such standing com- 
mittees as the work may require. 

Section 2. There shall be an executive committee, composed of the officers of the 
Jurisdiction Woman's Society, two or more members of the Woman's Division resident 
in the jurisdiction, the chairmen of standing committees of the jurisdiction, and such 
additional persons as the Jurisdiction Woman's Society may provide. This committee 
shall be the coordinating group for the total educational and promotional program in 
the jurisdiction, and shall appoint an officer to be responsible for publicity in the press. 

Section 3. There shall be a standing Committee on Spiritual Life, composed of 
the jurisdiction secretary of Spiritual Life, the jurisdiction secretary of the Wesleyan 
Service Guild, the jurisdiction representative on the standing Committee on Spiritual 
Life of the Woman's Division of Christian Service, and the jurisdiction secretary of 
Missionary Education. This committee shall promote the plans and programs ap- 
proved by the standing Committee on Spiritual Life of the Woman's Division. It 
shall study the spiritual needs of the jurisdiction and make recommendations to the 
standing Committee on Spiritual Life of the division. The members of this com- 
mittee shall serve as resource persons in the jurisdiction. 

Section 4- There shall be a standing Committee on Christian Social Relations 
and Local Church Activities, to be elected by the Jurisdiction Woman's Society, com- 
posed of the jurisdiction secretary, three to five conference secretaries of Christian 
Social Relations and Local Church Activities, and one or more representatives of the 
Wesleyan Service Guild nominated by the Jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild Stand- 
ing Committee. Such members may or may not be members of the Jurisdiction 
Woman's Society. The members of the department's resource committees living within 
the jurisdiction shall serve as members ex officio of the jmisdiction standing committee. 
This committee shall meet annually and make recommendations concerning the work 
of the department within the jurisdiction in accord with the lines of work outlined 
by the division. 

Section 6. There shall be a Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian 
Service, with a chairman elected annually by the committee. 

This Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian Service shall be composed 
of the secretaries of Missionary Education, Christian Social Relations and Local Church 
Activities, Spiritual Life, Promotion, Wesleyan Service Guild, Literature and Publica- 
tions, home work and foreign work, the vice-president, and such other members as 
may be authorized by the executive committee. 

The responsibility for formulating and effecting the plans of the committee shall 
be delegated to the person or persons charged by the by-laws for that particular phase 
of the education and cultivation program. 

This committee shall plan and promote a jurisdiction School of Missions and 
Christian Service which shall give emphasis to the world mission of the Christian 



262 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

church, through an integrated program of missionary education, Christian social rela- 
tions, spiritual life cultivation, and program building, and which shall tram leadership 
for the promotion of the total program of the Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

The committee shall meet at least once annually to determine the general plans 
for the jurisdiction school and to make recommendations concerning the school to the 
executive committee of the jurisdiction. 

Plans and recommendations developed in the school shall be sent by the com- 
mittee to the conferences in the jurisdiction for the use of the conference Committee 
on Schools of Missions and Christian Service. 

The chairman of the jurisdiction Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian 
Service shall see that a complete report of the work of the jurisdiction school is sent 
to the secretary of Missionary Education of the Section of Education and Cultivation. 

Section 6. There shall be a standing Committee on Status of Women, composed 
of the jurisdiction secretary and two other members, who shall promote the plans and 
program approved by the standing committee of the Woman's Division. This committee 
shall study the status of women in the local church, community, state, nation, and in 
other lands, and shall make recommendation to the standing committee of the division. 

Section 7. There shall be a Committee on Annual Meeting Program, composed 
of the president, the vice-president, the recording secretary, and such other members 
as may be needed. The committee shall elect its chairman annually. 

Section S. There shall be a standing Committee on Finance, composed of the 
president, the secretary of Promotion, the secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild, 
and the reasurer of the jurisdiction society, as chairman, and such other member as 
the jurisdiction society may determine. This committee shall plan the budget for 
jurisdiction expenses and estimate the amount needed from each conference society 
for this purpose. This amount shall be submitted to each conference society for 
approval. 

Section 9. There shall be one cultivation fund for the Woman's Society of Chris- 
tian Service and the Wesleyan Service Guild, the records of receipts from each group 
to be kept separate on the treasurer's books. 

Section 10. There shall be a committee to nominate the members of standing com- 
mittees of the Jurisdiction Woman's Society. This committee shall be composed of 
the vice-president of the society and six other members. It shall be the duty of this 
committee to nominate the members of the standing committees, and to make nomi- 
nations to fill vacancies which occur ad interim in standing committees and offices. 
Such ad interim nominations for completion of a term of office shall be presented to 
the Jurisdiction Woman's Society or the executive committee for election, to serve 
until the next regular election. 

Section 11. There may be a research committee, whose duty it shall be to search 
for specially qualified women in the jurisdiction who may serve as officers and as chair- 
men of standing committees. It shall study the qualifications and suitability of such 
women for special places of service and submit a report of its findings, when called 
for, to the Jurisdiction Woman's Society, or to the nominating committee. 

Article III. — Elections 

Section 1. Each Jurisdiction Woman's Society shall choose its own method of 
election. Jurisdiction officers shall take office at the close of the meeting in which they 
are elected. 

Section 2. At the last meeting of the quadrennium of the Jurisdiction Woman's 
Society of Christian Service preceding the meeting of the Jurisdictional Conference of 
the church, the Jurisdiction Woman's Society shall nominate twice the number of 
women required from that jurisdiction (see 1952 Discipline), for membership on the 
Board of Missions. These nominations shall be made from a list of names — three from 
each Conference Woman's Society of the jurisdiction — and shall be forwarded to the 
Jurisdictional Conference of the church for the election of the required number. 

Section 3. The Jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service at the last 
meeting preceding the Assembly shall elect delegates to the Assembly according to 
the stated membership of the Assembly. (See by-laws of the Assembly, Art. Ill, Sec. 
tion 1.) 



By-Laws 263 

Article IV. — By-laws 

Section 1. Each Jurisdiction Woman's Society may make such by-laws as the 
needs of the jurisdiction require, provided they are in harmony with the constitution 
and by-laws of the Woman's Division. 

Article V. — Amendments 

Amendments to these by-laws may be made by majority vote at any Annual 
Meeting of the division, provided a thirty days' notice is given in writing to all members 
of the division by the executive committee of the division or by the standing Committee 
on Constitution and By-laws of the division. 

Proposed by-laws must be in the hands of the recording secretary of the division in 
time for presentation to the September meeting of the executive committee of the 
division. 



By-laws of the Jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild 

Article I. — Name 

Within the jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service there shall be for 
employed women a jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Article II. — Purpose 

The purpose of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild shall be to plan and direct 
the work of the Wesleyan Service Guild within the jurisdiction in accordance with the 
constitution and by-laws of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

Article III. — Membership 

Representatives from the Wesleyan Service Guilds in the conferences, the number 
to be determined by the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild according to its require- 
ments, such conference officers of the Wesleyan Service Guild as the jurisdiction Wes- 
leyan Service Guild may determine, members of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service 
Guild standing committee, and members of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan 
Service Guild of the Woman's Division of Christian Service residing within the juris- 
diction shall be members of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Article IV. — Officers and Their Duties 

Section 1. There shall be a secertary of the Wesleyan Service Guild who shall be 
the presiding officer of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild. There also shall be a 
recording secretary. 

Section 2. These officers shall be elected from the membership of the Wesleyan 
Service Guilds within the jurisdiction. 

Section 3. (1) The secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall preside at the 
meetings of the jurisdiction We.sleyan Service Guild and serve as chairman of the 
standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the jurisdiction She shall 
promote the work of the Wesleyan Servce Guld wthn the jursdcon; she shall receved))ufi 
promote the work of the Wesleyan Service Guild within the jurisdiction; she shall 
receive reports from conference secretaries of the Wesleyan Service Guild; she shall 
report regularly to the Woman's Society of Christian Service of the jurisdiction and 
to the secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division of Christian 
Service She shall be responsible for planning of meetings of the jurisdiction Wesleyan 
Service Guild; she shall represent the Wesleyan Service Guild and present its interests 
at the meetings of the jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service, of which she 
shall be an officer. She shall attend, as far as possible, conference meetings of the 
Wesleyan Service Guild and shall be a member of the executive committee of the 
jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service. She .shall present a budget to the 
Committee on Finance of the jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

(2) The recording secretary shall keep the minutes of the juri.sdiction meetings 
and perform such other duties as may be authorized by the jurisdiction Wesleyan 
Service Guild. 



264 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Article V. — Meetings 

There shall be an annual meeting of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild where 
reports shall be received and nece^ary business transacted. This meeting may be 
combined with a Guild Weekend at which time there may be a program of inspiration. 

Article VI. — Committees and Their Duties 

Section 1. There shall be a standing Committee of the jurisdiction Wesleyan 
Service Guild composed of the secretary of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild, 
the recording secretary, the conference secretaries of the Wesleyan Service Guild, the 
secretary of Promotion of the jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service, the 
treasurer of the jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service, and two other 
representatives of the Womans Society of Christian Service to be elected by the juris- 
diction Wesleyan Service Guild. Such additional members as the work demands may 
be coopted. 

Section 2. The standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the juris- 
diction shall assist in the planning of the work of the Wesleyan Service Guild within 
the jurisdiction. The committee may set up subcommittees to carry on the work of 
Spiritual Life, Missionary Education and Service, Christian Social Relations and Local 
Church Activities, Status of Women, Supply Work, and Literature and Publications, 
the chairmen of which shall be members of the standing committee. 

Section 3. There shall be a Committee on Nominations composed of three to 
seven members, whose duty shall be to present nominations of all officers. 

Article VII. — Elections 

Section 1. The officers of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild, the two repre- 
sentatives of the jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service to serve on the 
standing Committee of the Guild, and the Committee on Nominations shall be elected 
quadrennially at a meeting of the jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild. The term of 
office and the time of assuming office shall conform to that prevailing in the jurisdiction 
Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Section 2. Vacancies occurring ad interim shall be filled for the remainder of the 
term involved by the standing Committee of the Jurisdiction Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Section 3. The election of the jurisdiction secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
shall be confirmed by the jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Article VIII. — Amendments 

Proposed amendments to these by-laws may be made, on the recommendation of 
the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division to the 
division by a majority vote, at any Annual Meeting of the division, provided a thirty 
days' notice is given in writing to all members of the division by the executive com- 
mittee of the division or by the standing Committee on Constitution and By-laws of 
the division. 

Proposed amendments to by-laws of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall be sent to 
the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division in 
time for recommendation to the September meeting of the executive committee of the 
division. 



By-laws of the Jurisdiction Deaconess Association 

Article I. — Members 

Section 1. The membership of the association shall follow the pattern described 
in the 1952 Discipline, Par. 1253, Sec. 2-a, b, c. 

Section 2. A deaconess on leave of absence shall be a member of the Deaconess 
Association of the jurisdiction in which she holds her church membership while on 
leave. 

Section 3. A deaconess serving in a connectional office of the church shall be a 
member of the association in the jurisdiction in which she holds her church membership. 

Section 4- The ministerial representative to the commission from a jurisdiction 
shall be an associate member of the Deaconess Association of that jurisdiction. The 



By-Laws 265 

name of tlie ministerial representative of a Jurisdiction Deaconess Association sliall 
be reported to the Jurisdictional Conference for record. 

Article II. — Officers 

Section 1. The officers of the Jurisdiction Deaconess Association shall be a presi- 
dent, a vice-president, a secretary, and a treasurer. 

Section 2. The officers and the deaconess and ministerial representatives on the 
commission shall be nominated by a nominating committee with the privilege of 
nominations from the floor and elected by ballot. 

Section S. The president and treasurer shall be elected at the beginning of the 
quadrennium and the secretary and vice-president, two years later. 

Section 4- Officers shall serve a term of four years and may serve only two terms 
in succession. 

Article III. — Duties of Officers 

Section 1. The president shall preside at all meetings of the association and of 
the executive committee and shall perform all duties that ordinarily pertain to the 
office. 

Section 2. The vice-president shall serve in the absence of the president and shall 
be chairman of the program committee. 

Section S. The secretary shall carry out the duties that ordinarily devolve upon 
a secretary as prescribed in Robert's Rules of Order. 

Section 4- The treasurer shall collect dues; disburse funds subject to the order 
of the president; and make an annual report to the association of all receipts and 
disbursements. 

Article IV. — Election of Members to the Commission 

Section 1. The president of the Deaconess Association, if a deaconess, shall be one 
of the four representatives from the association to the Commission on Deaconess Work. 

Section 2. The method of choosing the ministerial representative shall be decided 
by the association. The election shall take place before the quadrennial meeting of 
the Jurisdictional Conference. 

Section S. When a representative of the Jurisdiction Deaconess Association can- 
not attend the annual meeting of the commission, the executive committee of the 
association may appoint an alternate unless alternates are otherwise provided for. 

Article V. — Meetings 

Section 1. Special sessions may be called by the president in consultation with the 
executive committee. 

Section 2. Notification of any meeting shall be given at least thirty days prior 
to the date of the meeting, and a majority of the members present shall constitute a 
quorum for any session. 

Article VI. — Committees 

Section 1. There shall be the following committees of the association: an executive 
committee, a committee on program, a committee on by-laws, a committee on nomina- 
tions, and such other committees as the work may require. 

Section 2. The executive committee shall consist of the officers of the association, 
the deaconess representative on the commission, and a representative of the Woman's 
Society of Christian Service who is a member of the Jurisdiction Deaconess Association 
named by the association. This committee shall meet annually and may meet on the 
call of the president in consultation with the members. A majority of the members 
shall constitute a quorum. This committee shall act ad interim for the association. 

Section S. The committee on program shall arrange the program of the association. 

Section 4- The committee on by-laws shall make a careful study of the legislation 



266 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

of General Conference and of the actions of the Commission on Deaconess Work which 
affect the deaconess. It shall recommend to the association such changes as are needed 
in the by-laws and standing rules of the association. 

Section 6. The committee on nominations shall submit names of persons for 
election to all offices in the association upon the consent of such persons. 

Section 6. The committee on program, by-laws and nominations shall be stand- 
ing committees and appointed by the executive committee. 

Article VII. — Finances 

Section 1. The association shall assess dues and determine the amount of the 
dues at any regular meeting. 

Section 2. Any authorized expense incurred by the officers in carrying out their 
duties shall be paid from the treasury of the association. 

Article VIII. — By-Laws and Amendments 

Section 1. Other by-laws may be made by the association in harmony with the 
constitution and by-laws of the Jurisdiction Deaconess Association prescribed by the 
commission. 

Section 2. Proposed amendments to these by-laws shall be submitted by a ma- 
jority vote of the Commission to the Woman's Division at any annual meeting of the 
division, provided a thirty-days' notice is given in writing to all members of the division 
by the executive committee of the division or by the standing Committee on Constitu- 
tion and By-laws of the division. Such changes must be in the hands of the executive 
committee of the Woman's Division by the September meeting. 



By-laws of the 
Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service 

Article I. — Officers 

Section 1. The president shall preside at all meetings of the Conference Woman's 
Society of Christian Service and of the executive committee. She shall actively 
advance all the interests of the work. She shall sign all orders on the treasury. She 
shall be a member ex officio of all committees. She shall be a member of the Juris- 
dictional Board of Missions and of the conference board and of such other cooperative 
boards and committees as the Discipline may provide. 

Section 2. The vice-president shall perform the duties of the president in her 
absence, and actively assist in promoting the interests of the society. She shall be 
responsible for assisting in promoting plans and methods for the use and development 
of the monthly program materials as related to the duties of the program committee 
in the local society. She shall cooperate as directed by the vice-president of the 
jurisdiction in the presenting of information on the World Federation of Methodist 
Women. She shall perform such other duties as the conference society may require. 

She shall receive quarterly and annual reports from the vice-presidents of the 
District Woman's Societies of Christian Service and report quarterly and annually to 
the vice-president of the Jurisdiction Woman's Society. 

Section 3. The recording secretary shall give notice of all meetings of the con- 
ference society and of the executive committee. She shall keep a permanent record 
of all proceedings and send a copy of the minutes of the executive committee to 
each officer. She shall present all recommendations of the executive committee to 
the conference society and notify all committees of their appointment. She shall 
prepare and issue the annual report of the conference society. 

Section 4. The treasurer shall receive the Woman's Division funds of the Woman's 
Society of Christian Service in the local church quarterly or monthly from the 
treasurer of the local society, or from district treasurers, as the conference society 
may direct. She shall remit such funds without division to the treasurer of the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service. She shall make an annual report to the 



By-Laws 267 

conference society. She shall disburse funds upon the written order of the conference 
president and the secretary of Promotion, and shall send an itemized statement of all 
finances to these officers. Her books shall be audited annually by a certified public 
accountant and the auditor's report presented to the conference society. She shall 
be bonded in such sum and upon such condition? as the Woman's Division may 
determine. She shall be a member of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service 
Guild in the conference. 

Section 5. The secretary of Promotion shall promote the total program of the 
Woman's Society of Christian Service. In cooperation with the district secretaries of 
Promotion she shall provide for leadership training; she shall supply the societies with 
information concerning the work; she shall seek to organize a society in every church in 
the conference. In cooperation with the jurisdiction secretary of Promotion, and with 
the district secretaries of Promotion, she shall plan the itineraries of field workers, 
missionaries, and other speakers. She shall sign all orders on the trea.sury. Immedi- 
ately after the election of conference society officers, she shall send a list of the 
officers to the secretary of Promotion of the jurisdiction and to the executive secretary 
of the Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. She shall 
report annually to the conference society and quarterly and annually to the secretary 
of Promotion of the jurisdiction society and to the executive secretary of the Woman's 
Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. She shall be a member of 
the standing Committee on Finance, of the Committee on Schools of Missions and 
Christian Service, and of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild in 
the conference. 

Section 6. The secretary of Missionary Education and Service shall be responsible 
for missionary education in the conference and for the promotion of study courses in 
the societies. She shall provide missionary information, recommend missionary projects, 
and develop interest in their support. She shall recommend to the conference society 
the study courses approved by the Woman's Division of Christian Service. She shall 
assist in planning and promoting missionary conferences and schools of missions, 
and educational conferences and seminars sponsored by the Woman's Division. She 
shall cooperate with the secretaries of Spiritual Life and of Christian Social Relations 
and Local Church Activities through the Committee on Study and Action for the 
coordination of the study. She shall cooperate also with the conference Board of 
Missions in its program of missionary education and with interdenominational agencies 
engaged in missionary education. She shall report annually to the conference society 
and to the jurisdiction secretaries of Work in Home and Foreign Fields, and quarterly 
and annually to the jurisdiction secretary of Missionary Education, and to the secre- 
tary of Missionary Education of the Woman's Section of the Joint Section of Educa- 
tion and Cultivation. Where advisable, this work may be promoted by two secretaries, 
one in charge of missionary education and one in charge of missionary projects. Where 
there are two secretaries, both shall be members of the standing Committee on Study 
and Action. 

Section 7. The secretary of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activ- 
ities shall develop and direct the work of the conference through district and local 
society officers of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities. She shall 
serve as chairman of the conference standing Committee on Christian Social Relations 
and Local Church Activities. She shall be a member of the conference Committee on 
Schools of Missions and Christian Service, a member of the conference Committee on 
Finance, a member of the standing Committee on Study and Action. She shall guide 
the women in the studies and action growing out of the program emphasis of the 
Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities. She shall 
cooperate with other organizations of the church and with other agencies working 
toward similar ends. She shall report annually to the conference society and quarterly 
and annually to the jurisdiction secretary of Christian Social Relations and Local 
Church Activities and to the executive secretary of the department. 

Section 8. The secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall preside at the meet- 
ings of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild and serve as chairman of the standing 
Committee of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild. She shall promote the work 
of the Wesleyan Service Guild within the conference; she shall receive reports from 
district secretaries of the Wesleyan Service Guild; she shall report regularly to the 
Woman's Society of Christian Service of the conference and to the secretary of the 
Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. She shall be 



268 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

responsible for planning of meetings of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild; she 
shall represent the Wesleyan Service Guild and present its interests at the meetings 
of the conference Woman's Society of Christian Service of which she shall be an officer. 
She shall attend as far as possible district meetings of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
and shall be a member of the executive committee of the conference Woman's Society 
of Christian Service. She shall be a member of the conference Committees on Schools 
of Missions and Christian Service, and on Finance. She shall present a budget to the 
Committee on Finance. 

Section 9. The secretary of Student Work shall promote the plans and program 
approved by the Woman's Division. She shall report annually to the Conference 
Woman's Society and quarterly and annually to the jurisdiction secretary of Student 
Work and to the secretary of Student Work of the Woman's Section of the Joint Sec- 
tion of Education and Cultivation. 

She shall work also in cooperation with the state, or similar region, Student 
Council of the Methodist Student Movement, with the state director and student 
chairmen of the World Christian Community and Christian Social Action Committees, 
and wherever possible with the Inter-Conference Commission on Student Work. 

Section 10. The secretary of Youth Work shall promote the work according 
to the plans and program approved by the Woman's Division. She shall be a 
members of the Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian Service in any 
conference where there is a summer school for girls. She shall report annually to 
the conference society. She shall receive reports quarterly and annually from the 
district secretaries of Youth Work and report quarterly and annually to the jurisdic- 
tion secretary of Youth Work and to the secretary of Youth Work in the Woman's 
Section of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. She shall be elected by 
the Woman's Society of Christian Service after consultation by the Committee on 
Nominations with the conference Council of the Methodist Youth Fellowship relative 
to a nominee for the office. 

Section 11. The secretary of Children's Work shall promote the work aecording 
to the plans and program approved by the Woman's Division. She shall report annu- 
ally to the conference society and quarterly and annually to the jurisdiction secretary 
of Children's Work and to the secretary of Children's Work in the Woman's Section 
of the Joint Section of Education and Cultivation. She shall receive reports quarterly 
and annually from the district secretaries of Children's Work. 

Section 12. The secretary of Spiritual Life shall endeavor to quicken the spiritual 
life of Methodist women. Working through the standing committee, she shall seek 
to permeate the church with spiritual power which should lead to deeper consecration 
and more effective Christian service. She shall be a member of the standing Com- 
mittee on Study and Action. She shall report annually to the conference society 
and quarterly and annually to the jurisdiction secretary of Spiritual Life. She shall 
be a member of the conference Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian 
Service. 

Section 13. The secretary of Literature and Publications shall be responsible for 
the distribution of literature throughout the conference. She shall make a careful 
study of all the literature of the Woman's Division, including the program materials, 
and report concerning its suitability to meet conference needs. She shall promote 
the circulation of The Methodist Woman througout the conference, and in cooper- 
ation with the other responsible agencies of the church she shall promote the circu- 
lation of World Outlook throughout the conference. She shall report annually to the 
conference society and quarterly and annually to the jurisdiction secretary of Litera- 
ture and Publications. She shall be a member of the conference Committee on 
Schools of Missions and Christian Service. 

Section 14- The secretary of Supply Work shall promote interest in the sending 
of needed supplies to institutions in the home and foreign fields under the super- 
vision of the Woman's Division. She shall report annually to the conference society 
and quarterly and annually to the jurisdiction secretary of Supply Work. 

Section 15. The secretary of Status of Women shall promote the program and 
the use of any special materials on Status of Women as recommended by the Woman's 
Division. Such a program shall relate to the status of women in the life and work 
of the Church with special emphasis on The Methodist Church, and to the oppor- 



By-Laws 269 

tunities open to women for service in community and nation either by election or 
appointment. 

She shall serve as chairman of the conference Committee on Status of Women, 
receive reports from the district secretaries of Status of Women, and report quarterly 
to the jurisdiction secretary of Status of Women. She shall report annually to the 
Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Section 16. The secretary of Missionary Personnel shall promote within the con- 
ference the work of recruiting and counseling prospective candidates for missionary 
and deaconess service in consultation with the secretaries of Missionary Personnel of 
the Board of Missions. She shall be responsible for giving informaton to district and 
local groups concerning the need for workers, requirements for missionary and dea- 
coness service, available scholarship aids, literature on missionary personnel and educa- 
tional institutions preferred for study. She shall be a member of the Annual Conference 
Commission on Christian Vocations. She shall report annually to the conference 
Woman's Society of Christian Service and to the secretary of Missionary Personnel of 
the jurisdiction Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

In conferences where the secretaries of Youth Work, of Student Work, or of the 
Wesleyan Service Guild of the conference Woman's Society of Christian Service are 
not coopted to the Annual Conference Commission on Christian Vocations, the secre- 
tary of Missionary Personnel of the conference Woman's Society shall, in addition to 
transmitting information through the regular channels, transmit information from the 
Annual Conference Commission on Christian Vocations to the secretaries of Youth 
Work, of Student Work, and of the Weselyan Service Guild of the conference Woman's 
Society of Christian Service, and vice versa. 

Article II. — Elections 

Section 1. Only women residing within the bounds of the conference, or who are 
actively participating members of churches within the bounds of the conference, shall 
be elected as conference officers. Conference officers shall be elected at an annual 
meeting of the society, the method to be determined by the conference society. The 
elections shall take place annually, bienally, or quadrennially, as the conference 
may determine. The treasurer of the conference shall hold office not to exceed eight 
years. 

Section 2. Conference officers shall take office at the close of the meeting in which 
they are elected, unless elected within two months of the close of the fiscal year, when, 
if desired, they may take office June 1. 

Section 3. At the Annual Meeting of the conference society preceding the last 
Annual Meeting of the Jurisdiction Woman's Society of the quadrennium, the con- 
ference society shall elect six delegates to the jurisdiction society, three of whom 
shall be conference officers. 

At this same meeting, the conference society shall nominate three women for 
membership on the Board of Missions and forward the names at once to the Juris- 
diction Woman's Society. 

Section 4- At the Annual Meeting of the conference society preceding the Assem- 
bly, delegates to the Assembly shall be elected in accordance with the stated member- 
ship of the Assembly. (See by-laws for the Assembly, Article III, Section 1.) 

Article III. — Funds 

Section 1. The conference society shall make an annual pledge to the Woman's 
Division of Christian Service. 

Section 2. All undirected missionary gifts shall be divided in the office of the 
treasurer of the Woman's Division on the basis agreed upon by the division. There 
shall be no division of missionary funds by the conference treasurer. 

Section 3. Gifts for missionary projects, clearly specified, shall be sent to the 
conference treasurer, who shall transmit them to the treasurer of the Woman's 
Division through the regular channels. 

Section 4- Funds contributed for Special Membersliip and Memorials are a part 
of regular pledges on appropriations and may not be directed by the conference society. 

Section 5. Each conference society shall set up a fund for conference cultivation 



270 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

and expenses and for such jurisdiction cultivation and expenses as are not provided 
for by the Woman's Division. 

Setion 6. The Week of Prayer and Self-Denial Offering shall be sent to the 
treasurer of the Woman's Division to be applied to the objects designated each year 
by the Woman's Division. 

Article IV.— Executive Committee 

Section 1. The executive committee of the conference society shall be composed 
of its officers, all members of the Woman's Division of Christian Service and the officers 
of the jurisdiction society residing within the conference, and such other persons spe- 
cifically related to the work of the conference Woman's Society of Christian Service as 
the conference society' may determine. A majority shall constitute a quorum. The 
division shall provide the expense for the attendance of division members for one 
executive meeting annually of their conference society. 

The executive committee of the conference shall be the coordinating group for 
the total educational and promotional program in the conference, and shall determine 
the officer for publicity in the press. 

Section 2. The executive committee shall constitute from its membership an 
administrative committee of seven who shall transact necessary business in the interim 
between meetings of the executive committee. 

Article V. — Standing Committees 

Section 1. The conference society shall provide such standing committees as the 
needs may require. 

Section 2. There shall be a standing Committee on Spiritual Life whose endeavor 
shall be to quicken the spiritual life of all Methodist women by helping them to deepen 
their prayer life and to increase their sense of responsibility for personal service and 
giving. The committee shall keep in touch with the spiritual movements of the times 
and by prayerful research develop a clearer appreciation of the meaning of Christian 
living; it shall promote Christian stewardship, informal studies, and the use of the 
Bible and other devotional materials. The committee shall devise definite means for 
permeating the local church with a spiritual power that should lead to deeper con- 
secreation and to more active service. 

Section 3. There shall be a Committee on Christian Social Relations and Local 
Church Activities which may include district secretaries of Christian Social Relations 
and Local Church Activities, one or more representatives of the Wesleyan Service 
Guild, nominated by the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild in the 
conference, department members living in the conference, and special resource people 
coopted as needed. This committee shall make recommendations to the conference 
society concerning the work of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 
in accord with the lines of work outlined by the division and jurisdiction. 

Section 4- There shall be a Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian 
Service with a chairman elected annually by the committee. 

This Committee on Schools of Missions and Christian Sen-ice shall be composed 
of the secretaries of Missionary Education, Christian Social Relations and Local Church 
Activities, Spiritual Life, Promotion, Wesleyan Service Guild, Literature and Publi- 
cations, the vice-president and such other members as may be authorized by the 
executive committee. In the conference where there is a summer school for girls, 
the secretary of Youth Work shall be a member of this committee. 

The responsibility for formulating and effecting the plans of the committee shall 
be delegated to the person or persons charged by the by-laws for that particular phase 
of the education and cultivation program. 

This committee shall plan and promote a conference School of Missions and Chris- 
tian Service which shall give emphasis to the world mission of the Christian church 
through an integrated program of missionary education, Christian social relations, 
spiritual life cultivation and program building, and which shall train leadership for the 
promotion of the total program of the Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Section 5. There shall be a standing Committee on Study and Action, composed 
of the secretaries of Missionary Education and Service, of Christian Social Relations 
and Local Church Activities, and of Spiritual Life and a representative of the Wesleyan 



By-Laws 271 

Service Guild. This conmiittco may coopt siicli oilier nicml)er8 as may lie iicodcd. 
The chairman of this committee shall be elected annually by tlie committee. 

It shall be the duty of this committee to make recommendations concerning the 
Use of approved study courses, joint study courses, and cooperative courses. It may 
recommend also other studies in line with major needs. This committee shall develop 
a correlated program of education and action for the year which shall include sem- 
inars, work.shops, retreats, and any other educational activities, and shall make recom- 
mendations concerning the same to the conference society. 

Section 6. There shall be a standing Committee on Finance. This committee 
shall be composed of the treasurer of the conference, as chairman, the president, tlie 
.secretary of Promotion, the secretary or secretaries of Mi.ssionary Education and Service, 
the secretary of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities, the secretary 
of the Wcsleyan Service Guild, the treasurers of the districts and a limited number of 
other women appointed at the annual meeting of the conference society. 

This committee shall meet at least semiannually, and on call of the chairman. 

It shall study the strength of the society in the local churches and the pledges 
made; become informed of conference income and disbursements, local financial pos- 
sibilities and problems; and assist by counsel in the forming of the conference pledge 
and budget. 

Section 7. There shall be a standing Committee on Status of Women. It shall 
be the duty of this committee to study the status of women in the local church, the 
community, the state, the nation, and in other lands This study shall include the 
bases of woman's place and the questions that affect her place in society and in the 
church. The committee shall make recommendations to the conference society for 
the promotion of such lines of activities as will improve the status of woman and enable 
her to serve effectively. 

Section 8. There shall be a Committee on Annual Meeting Program, composed 
of the president, the vice-president, the recording secretary, and such other members 
as may be needed. The committee shall elect its chairman annual!}-. 

Article VI. ^By-laws 

The conference society may make such by-laws as the needs of the conference 
require, provided they are in harmony with the constitution and by-laws of the 
Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

Article VII.— Amendments 

Amendments to these by-laws may be made by majoritj' vote at any Annual 
Meeting of the Woman's Division, provided a thirty days' notice is given in writing 
to all members of the division by the executive committee of the division or by the 
standing Committee on Constitution and By-laws of the division. 



By-laws of the Conference Wesleyan Service Guild 

Article I. — Name 

Within the conference Woman's Society of Christian Service there shall be for 
employed women a conference Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Article II. — Purpose 

The purpose of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild shall be to plan and direct 
the work of the We.sleyan Service Guild within the conference in accordance with the 
constitution and by-laws of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

Article III. — Membership 

Representatives from the Wesleyan Service Guilds in the districts, the number 
to be determined by the conference Wesleyan Service Guild according to its require- 
ments, such district otticers of the Wesle}\an Service Guild as the conference Wesleyan 
Service Guild may determine, members of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild 
standing committee, and members of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service 



272 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

Guild of the Woman's Division of Christian Service residing within the conference 
shall be members of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Article IV. — Officers and Their Duties 

Section 1. There shall be a secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild who shall be 
the presiding officer of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild. There also shall be a 
recording secretary. 

Section 2. These officers shall be elected from the membership of the Wesleyan 
Service Guilds within the conference. 

Section 3. (1) The secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall preside at the 
meetings of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild and serve as chairman of the standing 
Committee of the Conference Wesleyan Service Guild. She shall promote tiie work 
of the Wesleyan Service Guild within the conference; she will receive reports from 
district secretaries of the Wesleyan Service Guild; she shall report regularly to the 
Woman's Society of Christian Service of the conference and to the secretary of the 
Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. She shall be 
responsible for planning of meetings of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild; she 
shall represent the Wesleyan Service Guild and present its interests at the meetings 
of the conference Woman's Society of Christian Service of which she shall be an officer. 
She shall attend, as far as possible, district meetings of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
and shall be a member of the executive committee of the conference Woman's Society 
of Christian Srevice. She shall present a budget to the Committee on Finance of the 
conference Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

(2) The recording secretary shall keep the minutes of the conference meetings 
and perform such other duties as may be authorized by the conference Wesleyan 
Service Guild. 

Article V. — Meetings 

There shall be an annual meeting of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild where 
reports shall be received and necessary business transacted. This meeting may be 
combined with a Guild Weekend at which time there may be a program of inspiration. 

Article VI. — Committees and Their Duties 

Section 1. There shall be a standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
of the conference composed of the secretary of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild, 
the recording secretary, the district secretaries of the Wesleyan Service Guild, the 
secretary of Promotion of the conference Woman's Society of Christian Service, the 
treasurer of the conference Woman's Society of Christian Service, and two other 
representatives of the Woman's Society of Christian Service to be elected by the con- 
ference Wesleyan Service Guild, these two members to be optional in conferences 
where there are less than six districts. Such additional members as the work demands 
may be coopted. 

Section 2. The standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the con- 
ference shall assist in the planning of the work of the Wesleyan Service Guild within the 
conference. The committee may set up subcommittees to carry on the work of Spiritual 
Life, Missionary Eduation and Service, Christian Social Relations and Local Church 
Activities, Status of Women, Supply Work, and Literature and Publications, the 
chairmen of which shall be members of the standing committee. 

Section 3. There shall be a Committee on Nominations composed of three to 
seven members, whose duty shall be to present nominations of all officers. 

Article VII. — Elections 

Section. 1. The officers of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild, the two repre- 
sentatives of the conference Woman's Society of Christian Service to serve on the 
standing Committee of the Guild, and the Committee on Nominations shall be elected 
at a meeting of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild. The term of office and the 
time of assuming office shall conform to that prevailing in the conference Woman's 
Society of Christian Service. 

Section 2. Vacancies occurring ad intenm, shall be filled for the remainder of the 
the term involved by the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the 
conference. 



By-Laws 273 

Section 3. The election of the conference secretary of tlie Wesleyan Service Guild 
shall be confirmed by the conference Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Article VIII. — Amendments 

Proposed amendments to these by-laws may be made on the recommendation of 
the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division to 
the division by a majority vote, at any Annual Meeting of the division, provided a 
thirty days' notice is given in writing to all members of the division by tlie executive 
committee of the division or by the standing Committee on Constitution and By-laws 
of the division. 

Proposed amendments to by-laws of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall be sent to the 
standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division in time for 
recommendation to the September meeting of the executive committee of the division. 



By-laws of the Annual Conference Deaconess Board 

Article I. — Members 

Section 1. The membership of the Annual Conference Deaconess Board shall 
follow the pattern described in the 1952 Discipline, Par. 1254, Sec. 3. 

Section 2. A deaconess on leave of absence for a year or more shall transfer her 
church membership to the Conference where she resides while on leave. 

Section 3. A deaconess serving in a connectional office of the church shall be a 
member of the Annual Conference Deaconess Board of the Conference where she 
holds her church membership. 

Article II. — Officers 

Section 1. The officers of the Annual Conference Deaconess Board shall be a 
president, a vice-president, a recording secretary, and a treasurer, nominated by the 
committee on nominations with the privilege of nominations from the floor and elected 
annually by ballot. They may serve for not more than four successive years. 

Article III. — Duties of Officers 

Section 1. The president shall preside at all meetings of the board and of the 
executive committee and perform all duties that ordinarily pertain to the office of 
president. 

Section 2. The vice-president shall serve in the absence of the president and shall 
serve as chairman of the program committee. 

Section 3. The recording secretary shall perform the customary duties of the 
office, and shall prepare the annual report and approved list of appointments to be 
printed in the Journal of the Annual Conference. This secretary shall provide the 
secretary of the Annual Conference with a list of deaconesses ehgible for seating at 
the sessions of the Aimual Conference and written excuses for the absence of those 
who are unable to attend, and shall make annual narrative and statistical reports to the 
Commission on Deaconess Work and to the Jurisdiction Deaconess Association. 

Section 4- The treasurer shall keep all funds of the board, disburse them on the 
order of the president, and shall give an annual report of all receipts and disburse- 
ments to the Annual Conference Deaconess Board. 

Article IV. — Meetings 

Section 1. Special meetings may be called by the president in consultation with 
the executive committee. 

Section 2. Notification of any meeting shall be given at least two weeks prior 
to the date of the meeting and a majority of the members present shall constitute 
a quorum. 

Article V. — Committees 

Section 1. There shall be the following committees of the board: an executive 
committee, a committee on program, a committee on nominations, and such other 
committees as are necessary. 



274 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

Section 2. The executive committee shall consist of the officers and at least three 
other members with due respect to representation from the various groups involved. 
This committee shall act for the board ad interim and shall meet on call of the president. 

Section 3. The committee on program shall arrange the programs of the board. 

Section 4- The committee on nominations shall submit nominations for all offices, 
additional members of the executive committee, and members of standing committees. 

Article VI. — Finance 

Section 1. The Annual Conference Deaconess Board shall make provision for 
financing the work of the board. 

Article VII. — By-Laws and Amendments 

Section 1. Amendments to these by-laws shall be submitted by a majority vote 
of the Commission to the Woman's Division of Christian Service at any annual meet- 
ing of the division, provided thirty days' notice is given in writing to all members of the 
division by the executive committee of the division or by standing committee on constitu- 
tion and by-laws of the division. Such changes must be in the hands of the executive 
committee of the Woman's Division by the September meeting. 

Section 2. Additional by-laws as are needed may be made by the Annual Con- 
ference Deaconess Board, provided they are in harmony with the constitution and 
by-laws of the Annual Conference Deaconess Board prescribed by the Commission on 
Deaconess Work. 

Section 3. Such by-laws may be amended by a two-thirds vote at any annual 
meeting of the board, provided copies of the amendment have been circulated among 
the members not later than thirty days before the meeting. 

By-laws of the 
District Woman's Society of Christian Service 

Article I. — Officers 

Section 1. The president shall preside at all meetings of the District Woman's 
Society of Christian Service and actively advance all the interests of the work. She 
shall sign all orders on the treasury. She shall be a member ex ojficio of all com- 
mittees She shall perform such other duties as are usual to a presiding officer. She 
shall be a member of the conference executive committee. She shall present the work 
at district conference and institutes as called for by the district superintendent. 

Section 2. The vice-president shall perform the duties of the president in her 
absence and actively assist in promoting the interests of the society. She shall be 
responsible for assisting in promoting the plans and methods for use and development 
of the monthly program materials as related to the duties of the program committee 
in the local society. She shall cooperate as directed by the vice-president of the 
conference in the presenting of information on the World Federation of Methodist 
Women. She shall perform such other duties as the district society may require. 

She shall receive quarterly and annual reports from the vice-presidents of the 
Woman's Societies of Christian Service in the local church and shall report quarterly 
and annually to the vice-president of the Conference Woman's Society. 

Section S. The recording secretary shall give notice of all meetings of the district 
society and of the executive committee She shall keep a record of all the district 
meetings in permanent form and send a copy of the minutes of the executive com- 
mittee meetings to each officer. She shall present all recommendations of the execu- 
tive committee to the district society and notify all committees of their appointment. 

Section 4- The treasurer shall receive the division funds of the Woman's Society 
of Christian Service in the local church monthly or quarterly, from the treasurer of 
the local society, provided the conference society so orders. She shall remit such 
funds to the treasurer of the conference society. She shall report annually to the 
district society. She shall disburse district funds upon the written order of the 
district pre.sident and the secretary of Promotion, and shall send an itemized statement 
of all finances to these officers. Her books shall be audited annually by a certified 



By-Laws 275 

public accountant and the auditor's report presented to the district society. She shall 
be a member of the district standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Section 5. The secretary of Promotion shall conduct correspondence with the so- 
cieties of the district and keep in close touch with the conference secretary of Promo- 
tion. She shall furnish such information to the societies as is needed for the promotion 
of their work. She shall organize and cultivate new societies She shall have special 
responsibility for "district members." She shall make reports to the district society and 
to the conference society, as required. She shall send quarterly and annual reports 
to the conference secretary of Promotion She shall .send a list of district officers to 
the conference secretary of Promotion. She shall sign, with the president, all orders 
on the treasury. She shall be a member of the conference executive committee. She 
shall be a member of the district standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Section 6. The secretary of Missionary Education and Service shall be responsible 
for missionary education in the district and for the promotion of study courses in 
the societies, under the leadership of the conference secretary of Missionary Education 
and Service. She shall secure the cooperation of the secretaries of Spiritual Life and 
of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities in coordinating the study 
and action plans for the district. She shall report annually to the dstrict society, and 
quarterly and annually to the conference secretary of Missionary Education and Service. 

Section 7. The secretary of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities 
shall develop and direct the work of the district, under the leadership of the conference 
secretary of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities. She shall guide 
the women in the studies and action growing out of the program ernphasis of the 
Department of Christian Social Relations and Local Church Activities. She shall 
cooperate with the secretary of Spiritual Life and with the secretary of Missionary 
Education and Service in the study and action plans of the district. She shall co- 
operate with other organizations of the church and with other agencies working toward 
similar ends. She shall report annually to the district society, and quarterly and 
annually to the conference secretary of Christian Social Relations and Local Church 
Activities 

Section S. The secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall preside at the meet- 
ings of the district Wesleyan Service Guild and serve as chairman of the standing 
Committee of the district Wesleyan Service Guild. She shall promote the work of 
the Wesleyan Service Guild within the district; she shall receive reports from the 
secretaries of Promotion of the units of the Wesleyan Service Guild in the local church ; 
she shall report regularly to the Woman's Society of Christian Service of the district 
and to the secretary of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild. She shall have re- 
sponsibility for district members of the Wesleyan Service Guild. She shall be respon- 
sible for planning of meetings of the district Wesleyan Service Guild ; she shall represent 
the Wesleyan Service Guild and present its interests at the meetings of the district 
Woman's Society of Christian Service, of which she shall be an officer. She shall 
attend as far as possible unit meetings of the Wesleyan Service Guild and shall be a 
member of the executive committee of the district Woman's Society of Christian 
Service. She shall present a budget to the committee of the district Woman's Society 
of Christian Service caring for the finances of the district. 

Section 9. The secretary of Student Work shall promote the plans and programs 
approved by the Woman's Division, under the leadership of the conference secretary 
of Student Work. She shall report annually to the district society, and quarterly and 
annually to the conference secretary of Student Work. 

Section 10. The secretary of Youth Work shall promote the work according to 
the plans and program approved by the Woman's Division, under the leadership of the 
conference secretary of Youth Work. She shall work in cooperation with the secretary 
of Missionary Personnel in channeling information and material to the local church. 
She shall report annually to the district society. She shall receive reports from the 
local secretaries of Youth Work and report quarterly and annually to the conference 
secretary of Youth Work. She shall be elected by the Woman's Society of Christian 
Service after consultation by the Committee on Nominations with the district Council 
of the Methodist Youth Fellowship relative to a nominee for the office. 

Section 11. The secretary of Children's Work shall promote the work according 
to the plans and program approved by the Woman's Division, under the leadership of 



276 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

the conference secretary- of Children's Work. She shall report annually to the district 
society, and quarterly and annually to the conference secretary of Children's Work. 

Section 12. The secretary of Spiritual Life shall endeavor to quicken the spiritual 
life of Methodist women and shall seek to permeate the church with spiritual power 
which should lead to deeper consecration and more effective Christian service. She 
shall cooperate with the secretaries of Missionary Education and Service and of Chris- 
tian Social Relations and Local Church Activities in coordinating the study and action 
plans of the district. She shall report annually to the district society, and quarterly 
and annually to the conference secretary of Spiritual Life. 

Section 13. The secretary of Literature and Publications shall be responsible for 
the distribution of literature throughout the district. She shall make a careful study 
of all literature and program materials of the Woman's Division and report concerning 
its suitability to meet the needs of the societies in the district. She shall promote the 
circulation and use of The Methodist Woman and World Outlook throughout the dis- 
trict. She shall report annually to the district society, and quarterly and annually to 
the conference secretary of Literature and Publications. 

Section H. The secretary of Supply Work shall be responsible for promoting 
interest in the sending of needed supplies to institutions in home and foreign fields 
under the supervision of the Woman's Division. She shall report annually to the district 
society, and quarterly and annually to the conference secretary of Supply Work. 

Section 15. The secretary of Status of Women shall promote the program and 
plans on Status of Women as recommended by the conference society. Such a pro- 
gram shall relate to the status of women in the life and work of the Church with 
special emphasis on The Methodist Church and to the opportunities open to women 
for service in community and nation either by election or appointment. 

She shall receive reports from the secretaries of Status of Women in the local 
church societies, report quarterly to the secretary of Status of Women of the con- 
ference society and annually to the district Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Section 16. The secretary of Missionary Personnel shall create an awareness of 
personnel needs, counsel youth, channel names of prospective candidates to the con- 
ference secretary. She shall work in cooperation with the secretary of Youth Work 
in channeling information and material to the local church. 

Article II. — Membership 

Section 1. Within the district there may be circuit or parish Woman's Societies of 
Christian Service when each church has one or more of the following organizations: 
(a) a Woman's Society of Christian Service, (b) a Wesleyan Service Guild, (c) a member 
or group of members enrolled in the circuit society. 

Section 2. When an individual, because of distance or some other reason, cannot 
belong to a circuit society, she may become a ''district" member. 

Section 3. All circuit or "district" members, by virtue of this relationship, shall 
be members of the district Woman's Society of Christian Service or of the district 
Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Article III. — Elections 

Section 1. Only women residing within the bounds of the district, or who are 
actively participating members of churches within the bounds of the district, shall be 
elected as district officers. The district Woman's Society of Christian Service shall de- 
termine the method of election of its officers. The treasurer of the district shall hold 
office not to exceed eight years. 

Section 2 District officers shall take office at the close of the meeting in which 
they are elected, unless elected within two months of the close of the fiscal year, when, if 
desired, they may take office June 1. 

Section 3. At the annual meeting preceeding the Assembly, a delegate shall be 
elected to the Assembly. . 

Article IV.— Cultivation Fund 

Each district shall set up a fund for district cultivation and expenses, according 
to its needs, 



By-Laws 277 

Article V. — Standing Committees 

Section 1. The district society shall provide such standing committees as the needs 
may require, under the guidance of the conference society. 

Section 2. The executive committee of the district shall be composed of the 
officers of the district and chairmen of such standing committees as may be set up. The 
executive committee shall meet prior to the meeting of the district society, shall con- 
sider the advance plans projected by the conference society, and make recommenda- 
tions to the district society for carrying forward these plans. Vacancies occurring 
ad interim in offices of the society or chairmen of committees shall be filled by the 
executive committee. 

The executive committee shall determine the officer to bo responsible for publicity 
in the press. 

Section 3. There shall be a Committee on Annual Meeting Program, composed 
of the president, the vice-president, the recording secretary, and such other members 
as may be needed. The committee shall elect its chairman annually. 

Article VI. — By-laws 

The district society may make such by-laws as the needs of the district require, 
provided they are in harmony with the constitution and by-laws of the Conference 
Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Article VII. — Amendments 

Amendments to these by-laws may be made by majority vote at any Annual 
Meeting of the Woman's Division, provided a thirty days' notice is given in writing 
to all members of the division by the executive committee of the division or by the 
standing Committee on Constitution and By-laws of the division. 



By-laws of the District Wesleyan Service Guild 

Article I. — Name 

Within the district Woman's Society of Christian Service there shall be for em- 
ployed women a district Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Article II.— Purpose 

The purpose of the district Wesleyan Service Guild shall be to plan and direct 
the work of the Wesleyan Service Guild within the district in accordance with the 
constitution and by-laws of the Woman's Division of Christian Service. 

Article III. — Membership 

Representatives from the Wesleyan Service Guild units in the local church, the 
number to be determined by the district Wesleyan Service Guild according to its 
requirements, such unit officers of the Wesleyan Service Guild as the district Wesleyan 
Service Guild may determine, members of the district Wesleyan Service Guild standing 
committee, and members of the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
of the Woman's Division of Christian Service residing within the district shall be 
members of the district Wesleyan Sen'ice Guild. 

Article IV. — Officers and Their Duties 

Section 1. There shall be a secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild who shall 
be the presiding officer of the district Wesleyan Service Guild. There also shall be a 
recording secretary. 

Section 2. These officers shall be elected from the membership of the Wesleyan 
Service Guilds within the district. 

Section 3. (1) The secretary of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall preside at the 
meetings of the district Wesleyan Service Guild and serve as chairman of the standing 
Committee of the district Wesleyan Service Guild. She .shall promote the work of 
the Wesleyan Service Guild within the district; she shall receive reports from the 
secretaries of Promotion of the units of the Wesleyan Service Guild in the local church ; 



278 Woman's Division of Christian Service 

she shall report regularly to the Woman's Society of Christian Service of the district 
and to the secretary of the conference Wesleyan Service Guild. She shall have respon- 
sibility for district members of the Wesleyan Service Guild. She shall be responsible 
for planning of meetings of the district Wesleyan Service Guild; she shall represent 
the Wesleyan Service Guild and present its interests at the meetings of the district 
Woman's Society of Christian Service, of which she shall be an officer. She shall attend, 
as far as possible, unit meetings of the Wesleyan Service Guild and shall be a member 
of the executive committee of the district Woman's Society of Christian Service. 
She shall present a budget to the Committee on Finance of the district Woman's Society 
of Christian Service. 

(2) The recording secretary shall keep the minutes of the district meetings and 
perform such other duties as may be authorized by the district Wesleyan Service Guild. 

Article V. — Meetings 

There shall be an annual meeting of the district Wesleyan Service Guild where 
reports shall be received and necessary business transacted. This meeting may be 
combined with a Guild Weekend at which time there may be a program of inspiration. 

Article VI. — Committees and Their Duties 

Section 1. There shall be a standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild 
of the district composed of the secretary of the district Wesleyan Service Guild, the 
recording secretary, the unit presidents of the Wesleyan Service Guild, the secretary of 
Promotion of the district Woman's Society of Christian Service, the treasurer of the 
district Woman's Society of Christian Service, and two other representatives of the 
Woman's Society of Christian Service to be elected by the district Wesleyan Service 
Guild, these two members to be optional in districts where there are less than six units 
of the Wesleyan Service Guild. Such additional members as the work demands may 
be coopted. 

Section 2. The standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the dis- 
trict shall assist in the planning of the work of the Wesleyan Service Guild within the 
district. The committee may set up subcommittees to carry on the work of Spiritual 
Life, Missionary Education and Service, Christian Social Relations and Local Church 
Activities, Status of Women, Supply Work, and Literature and Publications, the chair- 
men of which shall be members of the standing committee. 

Section 3. There shall be a Committee on Nominations composed of three to 
seven members, whose duty shall be to present nominations of all officers. 

Article VII. — Elections 

Section 1. The officers of the district Wesleyan Service Guild, the two representa- 
tives of the district Woman's Society of Christian Service to serve on the standing 
Committee of the Guild, and the Committee on Nominations shall be elected at a 
meeting of the district Wesleyan Service Guild. The term of office and the time of 
assuming office shall conform to that prevailing in the district Woman's Society of 
Christian Service. 

Section 2. Vacancies occurring ad interim shall be filled for the remainder of the 
term involved by the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the district. 

Section 3. The election of the district .secretary of the Weselyan Service Guild shall 
be confirmed by the district Woman's Society of Christian Service. 

Article VIIL- — Amendments 

Proposed amendments to these by-laws may be made, on the recommendation of 
the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division to 
the division by a majority vote, at any Annual Meeting of the division, provided a 
thirty days' notice is given in writing to all members of the division by the executive 
committee of the division or by the standing Committee on Constitution and By-laws 
of the division. 

Proposed amendments to by-laws of the Wesleyan Service Guild shall be sent to 
the standing Committee of the Wesleyan Service Guild of the Woman's Division in 
time for recommendation to the September meeting of the executive committee of 
the division. 



By-Laws 279 

By-laws of the 
Woman's Society of Christian Service 
in the Local Church 

Article I. — Meetings 

Section 1. There shall be one or more regular meetings of the Woman's Society 
of Christian Service during a month. There shall be an annual meeting for the re- 
ceiving of annual reports and the election and installation of officers. It shall be held 
prior to the close of the fiscal year. Adequate time shall be given in the meeting for 
education in and successful promotion of the vast interests committed to Methodist 
women. The first regular meeting of the year shall be devoted to consecration and 
the consideration of the plans, programs, and financial pledges for the year. Where 
expedient, the society may organize circles, representing the entire program of the 
society. Circles, if organized, shall meet once a month as the whole society for an 
inclusive presentation of the plans and program of the society. Membership in circles 
shall be revolving, subject to entire change of personnel (annually or biennially) at the 
time of the annual meeting. 

Section 2. The order of business shall include worship ; reports of general officers, 
of officers in charge of the various lines of work, and of chairmen of standing commit- 
tees; and a program presenting the total work of the society as provided by the edu- 
cation and cultivation agencies of the division. 

Section 3. A special meeting of the society may be called by the president with 
the approval of the executive committee. At such special meetings no business shall 
be transacted except that for which the meeting is called. 

Section 4- The president may call a special meeting of the executive committee 
to consider business of importance. 

Article II. — Nominations and Elections 

Section 1. The society may elect, prior to the annual meeting, from three to 
seven members who shall serve as a Committee on Nominations to present nominations 
of all officers and chairmen of standing committees for the ensuing year. 

The Committee on Nominations shall consult with the Council of the Methodist 
Youth Fellowship and the Council of Children's Workers in the church school before 
making nominations for the secretaries of Youth Work and of Children's Work. 

In nominating a representative on the Committee on Christian Vocations of the 
church, the society shall take into consideration the secretary of Youth Work or the 
secretary of Student Work. 

Section 2. Nominations and elections may be by acclamation or by ballot. The 
consent of nominees shall be secured before presenting names. 

Section 3. A majority vote is sufficient for election. Those elected shall assume 
their duties at the beginning of the fiscal year. 

Section 4- No officers shall hold the same office for more than four consecutive 
years with the possible exception of the treasurer, who may serve eight years. 

Article III. — Duties of Officers 

Section 1. The president shall preside at all meetings of the society and of the 
executive committee. She shall actively advance all phases of the work of the society. 
She shall promote close cooperation between the society and the Commission on Missions 
in the local church. She shall officially represent the society at all meetings except 
where delegates are elected by the society. She shall be a member ex officio of all 
committees except the Committee on Nominations and shall sign all orders on the 
treasury. She shall be a member of The Methodist Church, and thus qualify as an 
ex officio steward for membership on the official board and of the quarterly con- 
ference. She shall be a member of the adult division council of the local church school. 

Section 2. The vice-president shall assist in promoting the interests of the society 
and in the absence of the president shall assume the duties of that office. She shall 
be the chairman of the program committee and have special responsibility for pro- 
moting the use of the monthly program materials. She shall be responsible for the 



280 Woman's Division o£ Christian Service 

presenting of information on the World Federation of Methodist Women as directed 
by the vice-president of the Conference Woman's Society of Christian Service. She 
shall report quarterly and annually to the vice-president of the district or conference 
Woman's Society as directed. 

Section 3. The recording secretary shall keep the minutes of all meetings of the 
society and of the executive committee and shall sign, with the president, all official 
papers. She shall report the recommendations of the executive committee to the 
society, and in cooperation with the publicity committee see that all meetings are 
properly announced. She shall be custodian of all official papers and records. She 
shall conduct the correspondence of the society not otherwise cared for. 

Section 4- The treasurer of the Woman's Society of Christian Service shall send 
all funds, except those designated for local church and community activities, to the 
conference society treasurer, unless the conference authorizes district treasurers to 
receive such funds. She shall make itemized monthly and annual reports to the 
society and provide copies of all reports for the secretary of Promotion for inclusion 
in her quarterly and annual reports to the district or conference officers. She shall 
accept funds turned over to her by the local unit of the Wesleyan Service Guild and 
send them to the district or conference treasurer, clearly marked as Wesleyan Service 
Guild funds. She shall remit monthly or quarterly to the district or conference treas- 
urer. She shall send to the conference treasurer an annual, itemized statement of all 
missionary and local funds passed by the auditing committee of the local church. 

Section 5. The secretary of Promotion shall assist the president in actively ad- 
vancing all phases of the work of the society. She shall report to the society at least 
quarterly on the attainment of the goals set by the Woman's Division of Christian 
Service. She shall secure and forward quarterly and annual reports to the secretary 
of Promotion of the district or conference with such added information as will keep 
that officer informed regarding the society. She shall send a list of newly elected 
officers of the society to the district or conference officers immediately following the 
election